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Gc M. L. 



3 1833 02308 4400 


^f/ . a/-_ 




VJi. I 

Bv EDWARD H. Cji^DV^'JCK, B. A. 








All life and achie\ xiiicnt is prc-ciil \\i,-,(k^in comes from jiast 
experience, and present commercial pru>perit_\- ha> come only from pa^l exer- 
tion and sufl"ering. The deeds and motives of the men that have gone before 
have been instrumental in shaping the destinies of later communities aiui states. 
The development of a new country \\as :ii ('HCc a task ;uid a privilege. It re- 
quired great courage, sacrifice and pri\ation. C'om]rirc ilie present conditions 
of the residents of Shelliy county. Indiana, w ith what they were one h.undred 
years ago. From a trackless wilderness and virgin i)rairie it has come to bo a 
center of prosperity and civilization, with millions of wealth, systems of inter- 
secting railways, grand educational institutions, marvelous industries and im- 
mense agricultural productions. Can any thinking person be insensible to the 
fascination of the study which discloses the incentives. h:ipcs, aspiratior.s and 
efforts of the early pioneers wlio so strongly laid the foundation u'pon whioli 
has been reared the magnificent prosperity of later days? To pert;et;'atc the 
story of these people and to trace and record the social, political and industrial 
progress of the community from its first inception is the function of ilie local 
historian. A sincere purpose to preserve facts and personal memoirs tli«~.v are 
deserving of preserNation. and which unite the present to the past, is ir.e motive 
for the present publication. The work has been in the hands of able writers, 
who have, after much patient study and research, produced here tl:e ni)st com- 
plete biographical memoirs of Shel]>y count}-, Indiana, e\ er oitored In die 
public. A specially valuable and interesting department is that ore devoted 
to the sketches of representative citizens of this county whose records deserve 
perpetuation because of their v.-orth, effort and accomplishment. The pf.b- 
lishers desire to extend their thanks to these gentlemen wIti Inve so faithfully 
labored tc 'his end. Thanks are also due to the citizen^ of Shelby county lor 
the uniform kindness with which they have regarded this undertaking, and for 
their many services rendered in the gaiiiing oi necessary infrjmiation. 

In placing "Chadwick's History of Shelby County. Indiana" before the cit- 
izens, the pulilishers can conscientiously claim t'lat they have carried out the 
plan as outlined in the prospectus. Every biographical sketch in the work h-a> 
been submitted to the party interestetl. for correction, and therefore any error of 
fact, if there be any. is solely due to the person for whom the sketch was pre- 
pared. Confident that our efforts to please will fully meet the approbation 
of the ptiblic. we are, 


The Pt;ui.iS!:EKS. 


CHAPTER I. — Discovery — Indian Occiipr.ncy — Explorntion — Vinceniies — ilissionary 
Work by Catholics— British Policy— American Policy— Exodus of the Indians 
— Indian Titles Extinguished — Land Sales — Great Ordinance oi" 1TS7 — North- 
west Territory — Admission of Indiana Territory ' 

CHAPTEPv II.— Territorial History of Indiana— Seat of Govenittont at Vircenncs— 
Slavery Practiced— First Teiritorial Le?islatur. — First Xcvsiiaper- Indiana 
in ISIO — First Bank Charters— Peace and Prosiievity- Popujation in ISij 

CHAPTER in. — Indiana Organized as a State— Last Session of Territorial Legisla- 
ture — Constitutional Convention — First State Election — Rapid Increase of 
Population — Indiana and tl;e Mexican AVar — Indiana's Part in the Civil War — 
In.diana After the Close of the Civii War— War Claims AUeved— lUvor.-t Lau's 
— Financial Standing — Inteinal InuircvtU!en;s— State Forges to rlio Ficii 

CHAPTER IV.— Pioneers— Early Hardships— Topography of the County— Glacial 
Drift — Hot Wells — Archeology — Indian Occupancy — Iniports.nt Treaty With 
the Delawares — Reminiscences by Isaac V.'ilson — Geology 

CHAPTER v.— Early Settlement of Shelby Cotir.ty— India u Tra. lets— First Cabin 
Home— Land Office Opened— P'irs' Settlements— Land En-i'ies- -Chaiatter of 
Early Settlers— Churches and Schools Established— Eaily Day Struggles- 
First Events— First Settlers in Tov,-n of ilarion — First Settlers of SUeiby- 
ville — The Pioneers of the County 

CH.-VPTER VI.— Organization of Shelby County— Xa:r:ing of the County— Comnas- 
sioners' Court — Locating a County Seat — Coar.'i V\ iiid^y Dill — Chanty P.oaid 
Abolished and Xo\v Beard Established — Orgnnlzacion oi Tov.r'jiiipj — Tov.-n- 
ships Re-organized — Additions to the Original Plat of ShelbyvilW— Village and 
To'.vD Plats — List of Town Plats with Populatieu in l-^'T, 

CHAPfER VIF— County Government— Clerks of the Court— County Auditors- 
County Treasurers — Coanty Recordeis — Shei iffs — County Surveyors — Coro- 
ners — County Commissioners — Jail — Court House History ^First and Second 
Court-Houses — Poor Farm— Expense Statistics — Public Highwa: s — Indian 
Trails— State Roads — Plank and (:ravel Roads — P-ridges— Property A'aluations 
in Shelby County — Finances of the County — Population of the County, aiid by 
Townships and Wards 

CHAPTER MIL— Presidential Voie in Shelby C.'uuty— Xational. State and Coun-.y 
Representations — Congressmen— State Senators — Menibera of the Legislatur" 


CHAPTER IX.— History of Townships— Hanover Township— Van Biiren Township- 
Union Township— Ray's Crossing- Marion Township— Sugar Creole Township 
— Moral Township — Brandywine Township- Addison Township— Hendricks 
Township— Jackson Township- ^Vashington Town.^hi|)— Shelby Township- 
Liberty Township— -Xoble Township 

CHAPTIJR X.— -Military History— Shelby County's Part in the Great "U'ars o£ Our 
Country— War With :\Iexico— The Civil War— Political Excitement of 1S60-61 
— The Famous lioggstown Resolutions— Quick Response to Call For Troops — 
Second Company Organized— Sword Presentation— The Morgan Raiders- 
Guerillas — Mayor McGuire's Proclamation — Public Opinion in 1SG3-C4 — Knights 
of the Golden Circle— The Indiana Legion— Bounty and Reiiei— Scidiers 
nished— Civil War Roll of Honor— Spanish-Amoricau V/or— Grand Army of 
the Republic — Woman's Relief Corps — Sons of Veterans 

CHAPTER XI.— Chnrcli History— Methodist Pioner-r Pn-acners of the Gospel— The 
Presbyterian Church— Second Presbyterian Church, Gernuin— l.usciiles of 
Christ, Christians— Shelbyville Christian Church— Mt. Auburn Christian 
Church — Morristown Christian Church— Cave Hill Christian Church— Foun- 
taintown Christian Church— Chi istian Ceute''— Christian Church of Sheihy- 
ville— German Evangelical Protestant- Shslbyvii!" Evangelical Protectant— 
Catholic Church in Shelby County— Sf. Vincent's Cliurch— Sbeltyvil'.e Catholic 
Church— Christian Union Church— United brethren- Methodist Protestani 
Church— Seventh Day Adventist Church— I.<,wis Creek Baptist Church— Epis- 
copal Church— St. Vincent's Church— Meth.xiisiu i". Shelby County— First 
Methodist f:piscopal Church— Church Bu;!:'ir;rs— V.'ost Strec; iTethulist Epis- 
copal Church— Cluircli Finances— Giber Methoui>.;i Churches- r'.a;itist De- 
nomination in Shelby Count>— First Baptist Church of Shelbyville— Separate 
Baptists— Xew Lights— Lutherans — Christ iaix Science— African Ctinrcbes, .. ; 

CHAPTER X!I.— Freemasonry in Shelly C..uniy— Hi-'.-r De,-!...- MasOisry— Odd 
Fellow:- Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks— KniglUo of Pythias 

CHAPTER XIII.— Bench and Bar— Circuit Riders— First Sessions of S'uelby Ciicuii 
Court- Lawyers Last to Abandon Dueling— First Case— Character of Eariy 
Judges— Courts Under the New Constitution --The Judges Who Have Presided 
—Common. Pleas Court— Circuit .Judges— Associate Judges— Probate Judges- 
Common Pleas Judges— The Bar of Shelby County— The Sh-;lby County Bar 
Association— Tenth Annual Banquet— Memorial Resolutions on the Death of 
Stephen Major, Jrmet Harrison. Oliver J. Gessaer and Benjamiti F. Love- 
Prosecuting Attorneys— Roll of Attorneys— Present Attorneys of Shelby 
County Bar 

CILVPTER XIV.— Physicians of the First Decade in Shelby County's History- De- 
ceased Physicians Who Have Piacticed in Shelby County— Phy.5icians of the 
Present Day in Shelbyville and Shelby County- Physicians Who Have Prac- 
ticed in Shelby County, But Now Reside Elsewhere- Shelby County Medical 
Society— Fee Bill of 1n:,G— Proi'^ciive Resolutions 


CHAPTER XV. — Shelby County Xewspapeis— The First Newspapers — The Re- 
corder — Xumerous Changes in Owners and Titles — The First Daily Paper — 
The Daily Democrat — Republican— The News— Liberal — Chronological List of 
New spapcrs 24''. 

CH.\PTI:R XVI.— .Agricultural Societies-First Fair in ISJs?— Stock Company 
Formed. ISTf. — Livestock Association Organized— SiJ Conger and His 
Chickens 7 2o.i 

C1L\PTER XVIL— Educational— Statistics— Heechwood Manual Training Academy. :i.57 

CHAPTER XVIIL— Railroads— Early Conditions— Railroads of the County— Electric 

Interurban Lines o.'jll 

CHAPTER XIX.— History of Towns and Villages— Boggsto-vn-Mount Auburn— 
Waldron — Brookfield — Cynthiana — Doblestown — Brandywine— Fairland — Gel- 
lettsburg — Middletown — Flatrock — Smithland — Pleasant View — Xcrristown — 
Marietta— Fouittaintowu — Gwynueville — Frceport— '\'inlon — Geneva — London — 
St. Paul — Prescotr — .Marion — Morristown 26D 

CHAPTER XX.— City of ShelbyviUe— Beginning in ISL'2— Facts of Early rl:^tory— 
Business :Men of IS.jC — Incor])orated as Town Then as a City — Present City 
OfTiccrs— Population — City Hall — Fire Dejiartment — Postoffiee History — City 
Illuminated by Gas — Lighted by Electricity — Streets First Paved — Police De- 
partment — ^^Vaterworks — Natural Gas — County Children's Home — First 3fT- 
tlers — Lodges, Associations and Unions — Public Schools — Cemeteries — .Manu- 
facturing Industries — Newspapers — Hospital and danitarium 

CH.\PTER XXL— Miscellaneous— Origin of •■L^.g-Rolling"— Old SetCeis',^tirui 
— Rerainiscences of Elenhlet Kent— Banking BuEiuess— Gas Explosion— E;:- 
plosiou at Waldron — ilissouri Harmony Singing Class — 'Woman's Cla'o — 
AVihub Circle— Public Libraries— Carnegie Library— Shelbyville Distiliery-- 
Patrons of Husbandry (The Grange; — Milling in Shelby County — Reminis- 
cences of Captain Haymond — First Fourth of July Celebration — Early Day 
Snakes — Native Animals — Pioneer Dress and Early Fashioi;s — Interesting 
Nairative — Early Day Trade and Commerce— Thj Log Cabin — Pilots Then 
and Now 

Biographical S!;etches 


. A 

Adams, Edmund K 361 

Alley, Joshua S 6G5, 

Alsraan. Oliver D 494 

Alyea, Albert COS 

Amos. James W S29 

Armsti-ong. B. B 754 

Arnold, Alfred X 727 

Arnold. James H 640 

Auman, Christian F. H 416 

Avery, William 6S5 


Raker. :Mrs-. Hannah K 404 

Baker, Samuel R 405 

Ballard, Alonzo B 507 

Barger. Jefferson C94 

Bass, Franic 40S 

Bassett, Elmer 573 

Bassett, "William SSO 

Basseu, William X 52S 

Benneit, James C 393 

Bennett, Thomas B 7,S9 

Benson. Julius L 703 

Berg, John SS6 

Billmau, .Mrs. ElizaI)oth G 403 

Billman, Josei.h W 4S0 

Billman, Leander 370 

Birely, Charles 493 

Bishop, Orville L 435 

Blessing', John i)52 

Boals. John M 571 

Bodiue, William A $97 

Boles, Harmon W 733 

Bone, Thomas. Jr 772 

Booher, Henry 957 

Bowlby, Andrew C 4$0 

Bowman, Leonidas S47 

Bradley, Daniel 933 

Briggeman, Henry 679 

Brown, Scott A.." 93S 

Brown. William W 566 

Bryson, Ira F S21 

Burgess. Greenbury F 67G 

Burkholzer. Balser 664 

Burkliolzer. Jlrs. Anna 663 

Buxton. William J 664 


Call.ahan. Daniel 675 

Campbell, Charles H 3S2 

Campbell. Thomas H.. 
Campbell. Willinm H. 1 
Carey, Thomas B.. . 
Cliadwick, Edward : 
Cheney. John C. . . . 
Cherry, INi'artin A.. . 
Cherry, Mrs. Scphi;. 
Chueden. Frederiel; 

Clark, Harry J 

Clarke, .1. Harlan.. 

Clarke, John H 

Cochran. Daniel E.. 
Comptoii, David . . . 
Comsiock, Charles . 
Conger, Josiah II.. 

Conscer, Sidney 

Conner. Benjamin F 
Conover, Samuel B.. 
Copple. Georae W.. 

Cory. Henry S 

Cossairt & Sous . . . 
Cossairt, Charles F. 
Cossairt, S'mon P.. 
Cossair;, V/illi.-im H. 
Courtney. Sanders . 

Cox, Jacob D 

Cox, Oscar 

Covle. Otto L 

Creek, David 

Crim, James T 

Cropi)er, \\'iUiarii . . 

Crum. Joel 

Cutsingcr. James . . 


DaUe, . . . 

Dake, David K 

Dake. G-.-orge W.... 

Dake, John 

Dake. Rob9!t A 

Deitzer, Jacob H.. . . 
DePrez. D.-niel .... 
DePrez. Jacob G. . . 
DePiez. John D.. . . 
Deupree, Daniel C. 
Devenisig. John T.. 

Dils. Huirh H 

Dixor., John 

Dixon. >-frs. i-;usan . 

Doble. Frank 

Downey, Alexander 1 

Downey. Hariv S 510 

Drake, Charles .M 742 

Drake, Willis K 741 

Dunn, Eilmund H C22 


?t, Rohuul H C59 

Eason, Mrs. Ella 7G5 

Eason. Jame.s A 76G 

Eberhart, Jcfterson C ."".&7 

Edwards. Eli H 9ol 

Edwards, Frank 941 

Edwards, Leouidas J 9G3 

Edwards, Thomas J 902 

EHioti, Frances M .^S3 

Elliott, Vanisou JI 974 

Elliott, AVilliam 905 

Endslf.v. Henr.v JI S5G 

Ensming-er. Elijah 9G7 

Ensniinger, St. Clair 371 

Evans, Thomas 71 S 

Everson, William 420 

Ewing. William A 51S 


Feitig, Frederich . . . 

Feitig, Jacob 

Ferris, George W.... 
Fessenbeck. Allen G. 
Fishei-. Michael T.. .. 

Fix, Claude F 

Fi.x. .James V. B 

Flemirig, Thomas W. 

Fo;-lner, Lee 

Fox, John Ficid 

Frazier, E. L 

Fia.zier. Otis O 

Fuchs. GLOrgo 

■ Gephart, Phih'ii 545 

Girioii, Jacob W 7ST 

Glessiier. Oliver Jav 509 

Goodwill. Han .v L 53.? 

Gordon. John \\' 975 

Graham, Perry A 893 

Green, James OOo 

Green. Thomas G.. M. D 417 

Greene, John V.illian: GS7 

Griffey, Harry B 51 5 


Haebl, George 44S 

Kaniillon , Joseph B 4Ga 

Hamilton. Samuel 3Gti 

Hankins, William 492 

Harrison, Koljert \\- 501 

Harrod. Eli 7G0 

Harrod, Mr^. Mar\ E 759 

Harvod, V>niliam M ''o^ 

Hawkins. Kev. Hiram T 7G2 

Hawkins, Kev. Samuel D 77.S 

Haymond, Joseph A 091 

Raymond, Thomas L 91S 

Heck, Jasper X 775 

Heck, Marion 771 

Henry, John W 4il 

Hensley. .-\udrew 04!i 

Hester, Jasper 959 

Hey, Peter, Jr G24 

Higgins, John T 073 

Hildebrand, George 7-.3 

Hinds, George W' 790 

Hoban, Theodore 604 

Hoban, Thomas CG2 

Holbrook. "W 5G4 

Holbrook, John J 032 

Hcltman, Louis 414 

Hoop P'umiiy 4i)0 

Hoop, Jf'hn 42\i 

Hoop, Philip 401 

Hoop, Philip E 401 

Hoover. Louis 405 

Hord. Kendall M 310 

Howard. Oscar 745 

How-ard, Stephen 741") 

. Howe, .lames R 747 

Kuffmar. James 97t. 

Huffman, Wiiiiam M 721 

Jackson. Chaiit-s M 7-S 

Jackson. Lze l;iel A 55::. 

Jackson, I'ielvin 701 

Jeil'ries. Albert C nS 1 

Jenkins, Mavtin L 025 

Johnson. Xorvan 402 

Johnston. Thomas S 903 

Jones, Amos L SI . 

Jones, Earl B 7.S0 

Jones. John E 034 

Jones, Martin 432 

Jones, Pamuel I''-' 

Jr.dd, Alexander 933 

Jadd. Mrs. Frances 931 

Kaelin. Rev. Adelrich 343 

Kam 'i, Peter G S50 

Karmire, Charles E 459 

Keaton. James L 94 ■ 

Keaton, John T CoO 

Keaton, William D 051 

Keeling, James .E., M. D Cn9 

Kehrt, Philip P 505 

Keith, Jared M 911 

Keraiier- Jaraes K Til 

Kennedy. George W 352 

Kent, Rev. E 3S4 

Kent. Edward P 3SG 

Kent, Georj^e E 471 

Kent, Joseph H 3S6 

Kin?. Abram St. Clair S23 

Kinsley. Georre 94.S 

Kuhn, Andrew W 575 

Kuhn, George M 631 

Knhn, Jacob, Jr .583 

Kuhn, Jacob, Sr CSC 


Larrison, Charles FJ SSo 

Lee, David A 593 

Lewis, Edward W 457 

Logan, Mo&es M 512 

Lowe, William J ! 769 

Lucas, John X., M. D 390 



McCabe, James E 

Jf cCain. George W 

JlcCartnev, James 

McClain. TiUU:n 

McClnskey. Jawes 

McCray, Robert S , M. D. . 
McCvea. Samuel P.. M. D. 

McDaniel, Charles Cli 

McDaniel, Erastus \V 521 

McDuff ee. Green Berrv 672 

McEadden. James B 347 

McFadden. V.'alter C. M. D 030 

McFadden, William G.. M. D 925 

MsFerran, Marion W 

McCuire, James 

Mclntire, David H 

McLane, Alexander I &00 

.McXaraara, Jeremiah 971 



Major, Charles 

JIann, Mrs. Laura S27 

Mann, Richard S2S 

Maple. Ernest 740 

Markland. Rev. William T 505 

Marsh. David C 561 

Martin. Samuel S:!S 

May. Adam F SOfi 

Means, James R 915 

Means, James V.' 76S 

Means, John L 34G 

Means, .John T 576 

Means. Xehemiah 9!3 

Meiks, George K 972 

Mellis, Adam 710 

Mcllis, Alexander G 97^ 

Melo.v, Francis il 618 

Meloy, Thomas E 93-! 

Meltzer, Andrew 496 

Metzger, Peter 36S 


Metzler, Fred 670 

Miller. Albert C S12 

Miller, E. K.. M. D S34 

Miller. George H 726 

Miller. Jesse A 756 

Miller. John H 643 

Miller. Xicholas A S37 

Miller, Xoah S40 

Miller, Purley B 709 

Miller. Simon 716 

Mitchell. William A 665 

Moberly, James H 350 

Molierly, John M 6S2 

Mohr. John F 916 

Mohr, William H 610 

Monroe, Andrew J 749 

Monroe. William 773 

Montgomery, Matthew R 466 

Morris, Herbert 352 

Morris. Sylvan B 333 

Morrison. Harry C 935 

M lick. Alfred 555 

Mullcndore, Daiid S25 

Mullendore. George SIS 

Murpliv, Jefferson 757 

Miitz. Philo S09 

Myers. Rev. John P 436 

Xading. Harrv J 944 

Xading, MariiT; M C.44 

Xading. Wiliiam 9C1 

Xail. James H 39S 

Xa ve, .Tan-:es S44 

Xeal, Htrbert Zil y-2o 

Xelson, Jesse A 641 

-Ve « ton. George V\' 766 

Xigh, Jacob Stover 54? 


Oltraan, Henry S4y 

Orebaugh Brothers 49,S 

Orebau'^'h. Oscar W 49S 

Orebaugh. Willipn^. J 499 

Osborn. Daniel E 547 

Padrick. John W 391 

Parrish, Edmond 696 

Patten. Charles S 903 

Patten Fi-.miiy 90O 

Patten. Hiram B 904 

Patten. John SOI 

Patten. Juliet 904 

Patten. Rebecca Alice 9""' 1 

Patten, Vernon Cole... 9f*5 

Patten. William 900 

Patten. William 902 

Patterson, William S15 

Piittersoii, William M S7S 

Pauch, Michael 67 1 

IMitzer. .I(.Un V ;■> ' 

Ffiiy. Cli;u-I.-s II.. .M. O '<'^ 

Peny. James A i-li 

Pettisrew. D. A., M. D '&' 

Pfendler. David SS- 

Phares. Gi-orse NV ^'^" 

Plinivs. Henry K.. M. D :'.;'2 

Pherisio. John \V ^•"" 

Phillips. Kdwaid X Tl-i 

Piuuan. Silas A ^-- 

Pitts. UiKilcy H f'-i*^ 

PoIla-.-d, Alexander J ^■:'- 

Poliiu, Alexander T^^ 

Pollitt. -Mrs. Ann -I^ 

Pond. William H .j-- 

Posz. Valentine ^^1 

Pottenger. John D ■•'''i 


Randall. Albert V -lS-1 

Randall. Joseph P. 4,4 

Rp.v. FranKlin E.. M. D 41'J 

Rav. Martin yi il"'" 

Recc.-. Ernen C 491 

Itein xke. C. G 3fV 

Reiubu^ch. Fvanl: J 46^ 

RiphiuoU'.;. R.'V. Louib 41 S 

Rohius. Milton B ^,16 

Pohius. Mornan A 549 

Ro2ers._P.airy :*! Slil^ 

Rohm. !• rank E T:;S 

Rohm. Lucretia A - 7o9 

Root. H Jsy 44o 

ROS.S. Hf nry 1 G;:V 

Rnscliaupl. Heniy C Sn? 

Rush. -William ?!'• 

Rnssell, William H S19 

San;inci\s. Leslie C. M. D. 

Sanders. Harvey L 

Sanders. William T 

Sehnaitter, Ai H 

SchM-a!'., Henry 

Seott. Robert F 

Sever. James B 

Sexton. Horatio C. D. D. i 

Sexton. Is.iac 

SltP.ver. George 

ShKW, Anderviile 

Shaw, Jesse 

Sheltoii, David E 

Sho-valter, E. P 

Showal'.er Family 

Showers. Juiiiis L 

Shront, Vniliai-P T.. M. D 

Simpson. John 

Sindlii,:;.-.!. Charles P.... 

Siudlin--.-r, Philip F 

Slagle. Charles M 

Smith. James E 

Smith. James H 

Smith. Jani.'S H.. Jr ^5' ^ 

Smitii. John \V >3! 

Sn;ilh. Mrs. Nancy A 721 

Smith. W. H ~-'^ 

Smock, Thomas M 9''7 

Snepp. Georse W., Jr :^H'. 

Snep!>. Georse W.. Sr Ml 

Snopp. Joseiih H ~^"^ 

Snider. Warren W oM 

Sncdsrass. .Tohn X 97i' 

Siiodgrass. Robert G f".!' 

Sorden. Harrv C ^7'7> 

Sparks. Hon. Will M 979 

Spurlin. Geor.ce W D9ii 

Stanlev. Charles A S4l 

Star Mills 37.2 

Stewart. John H.. M. D t!"3 

Stewart, Robert T 427 

Sfirlin5.*Charles 11 S',:^ 

Stohry, Peter d^'j 

Stron"r. Xornian 11 -^ •''■ 

Strouj). Samuel P "■7'''' 

Sullivan, John W -^SS 

Sullivan. Joseph L 1 6o2 




Julius E 

Peter J 

TindaU. Charles A.. M. D. 

Tindall. Charles H 

Tiiidi^ll. John A 

Tj.daU. Urns E 

Tindall, Wiliian: W.. M. C 

Toner, John 

Toller,, William S 

Trees. Alcnzo X 

TuL-Uer. Joseph L 

Tucker. Samvei H 

Van Gordcn. El 
Van Scycr. Abt 
Veinon, John .-' 


Wagoner. Hayd^n II.. . 

Walker. James E 

Walker. John F 

Wa.-?hburn. Siophen I'.. 

Weaver, Horace 

Webb, James D 

Webb, Louis E 

Weed. Adam Malanthon 

Weingarth. Henry 

Wells, Robert S 

Werner, Charles 

^^•enz. Edwant. M. D. . 
WhaK-*-. !:eio..').in F.. 
Whiicon.b. Hariy H.... 

White. Cliavles A.. 
Wicker. William T. 
Wlleoxon, W. W.. . 
Williams. Allen . . 
Williams. Alveinis 
Williauis. Amos . . . 
Williams. Cliar'es ■ 
Williams Family .. 
Williams, John A. . 
Wilson, Dayid L. . . 
Wilson. Thomas D. 
Wingate. .lohn J... 
Winter, Ri-y. Gustav 
Wiiiterrowrl. Harry t 

Wisker. Anion 

Wolf. J. G.. M. D.. .. 

Wood. John A 

AVoods, Joseph 

Woolley, Thomas II. 
Wray. Albert F 



. Thorn:: s C 





Alhert W 

.... 0(>; 














George M 

.... 953 




.Mrs. Xancy H 

.... 3S0 


Yarliijg, John W 37^ 

Yarling-. Martin S4G 

Yarling, Michael 353 

Yarling. William A 472 

Young. Fden II. D 4'.H) 

Youna, M. J 750 


Ziegler. Andrew Cl"* 

Zikc, William !n.*2 





After Cdlumbus discovered America in 149^. more than one hundred and 
fifty years elapsed Ijefore any portion of the territory nr.w embraced witliin 
the Hmits of what is now known as the state of Indiana was explored by the 
Europeans. Colonies were established in Florida, Virg'inia and Xova Scotia, 
by the principal rivals in governmental affairs in Eun. pean cnuntries. but not 
until about 1(170-72 did the first white travelers venture as far west and north- 
west as Indiana and Lake ^^lichigan. These first daring explorers were French- 
men named Claude Allouez and Claude Dablon. who then visited what is now 
the eastern part of \\'isconsin, the northern portion of Illinois and i)robably 
that portion of this state lying north of the Kankakee river. In the fdlL'wing 
vear 'SL Toliel. an agent of the French colonial government and Jame.-> .Mar- 
quette, a good and simple-hearted missionary, who had his station at Alack- 
inaw. explored the country in the vicinity of Green Bay, and along the Fox 
and Wisconsin rivers as far v>estward as tlie ^Nlississiiipi. the banks of which 
he reached Ju'.ie 17, KV,'^. Tliey descended tlie river, but returned by the way 
of the Illinois river and the route they came led tlicm. back into the lake re- 
gion. At a village among the Illinois Indians, Marquette and his small band 
of adventurers were received in a friendly manner and treated hospitably. 
They were made tlie hor.ored guest at a great feast, where liriminy, fish, dog 
meat and roast buft'alo meat were spread Iiefore them in great abundance. 

In 16S2 LaSalie explored the West, but it is not definitely known that he 
eiUered the territory now called Indiana. He took formal possession of all 
the ]^Iississippi region in the name of the King of France, in whose honijr he 
gave all the ^Mississippi region, including this state (Indiana) the name of 
"Louisiana." Spain, at the same time laid claim to all the region about the Gulf 
of ^Mexico, and thus these two great nati(jnswere brought into collision. But 
the country was actually held and occupied by the great 2vliami confederacy of 
Indians, the Miamis proper (anciently the Twightwees) being the eastern and 
most powerful tribe. Their territory extended strictly from the Scioto river 
west to the I^linoi^ river. Their villages were fev/ and scattering, and their 


occupatinn wa. scarcclv -len^e enou-h to niainiain it?clt against invasion. 
Their settlenicnls \vcre nccasionally visited by Christian missionaries, _ lur 
traders and adxeniurcrs. but no bodv of white men made settlement snllicient- 
ly permanent for a title to natural possession. Christian zeal animated brance 
and Enc^land in missionarv enterprises, the former in the mtere.t ..t the Cath- 
olic church an.l the latter in the name of true Protestantism. Hence t.ieir 
haste to occupv the land and proselyte the aborigines. Xo doubt this ugly riv- 
alry was often seen by Indians, and they refused to be proselyted xo eit,iei 
branch of Christianitv. . 

Further to the east, the "Five Xatinns.'" comprised the ^lohawks. Unei- 
das Cavugus. Onondagas and Senecas. In 1677 the number ot warriors m 
this' confederacv was _M50. About ijn the Tuscaroras retired trom the 
Carohnas and joined the Iroquois, or Five Nations, winch, atter that event, 
became kn,.wn as tb.e -Six Xations." It was in 16S9 ^-'nen open 
were had between the Five Xations and the colonists of Canada, and the al- 
most constant wars in svhich France was urged until the treatv ot Ry^^^ick m 
1697 combined to check the grasping policy ot Louis the Xl\ . ana to letard 
the planting of French colonies in the ^Iississippi valley M.sM..nar; ett...rt., 
however continued with more failure than success, the Je.uits allying them- 
selves \\ith the Indians in habits and customs, even encouraging mteimaniag. 
between them and tp.eir white followers. 


Earlv in 1720 Francois ^lorgan de A-incennes sensed in Canada in the 
regiment'of "'De Carrigan." of the French ser^•ice, and agam ^-^ ^ ^"^ l" 
the vicinitv of Sault Ste. Marie in the same service under M de \ audral m 
17-.:; It is more than likelv that his advent to \-incennes may have taKcn pla^e 
^,7732. and in proof of this the only record is an act of ;=;!- "'^^er the jo..^ 
names of himself andMadame Vincenncs. the daughter or M. Phdip ,..gP|-. 
and dated January 5. ^735. This document gives his unitary l--^---^^ 
mandant o"f the post of Duabache in the service ot the French king. 1 he will 
o Lo'pri dated March loth. the same year, bequeathes him, among t nngs, 
fiuM^ndrtd eight pounds of pork, .vhich he ordered to be kept sate until X n.- 
cennes who was then at Ouabache. returned to kaskask^a. 

There are n.anv othe^ docnn.ents connecred with the early settletnem b> 
Yinccnne" among which is a receipt for the one hundred pistois granted him 
a WW f^'s marriage dowry. In 1736 this ot^cer was ordered to Charlevoix 
^v D-Artagette. viceroy of the king at Xew Orleans and --"--daiU o . I - 
hlrois. H^e M. St. Vincennes received hi. mortal ;— ^^^'J ,^. ^^^^ 
chronicled as follows : "We have just received very bad news Louisiana 


and our \vith tlie Chicka>a\vs. The Frencli liave been defeated. Among- 
the slain is M. dc \'incennes. wlio ceased not until his last breath to e.xhon 
his men to behave Ijravely and worthy of their faith and fatherland." 

This closed the career of a gallant otlicer. leaving a name which holds as 
a remembrancer the pre-ent beaulifni city of \'iiicennes to its jiresent orthog- 
raphy in 1749. 

Post \'incennes was settled as early a> 1710 or 171 1. In a letter from 
Father ^larest to Father Germon. dated at Ka^kaskia. Xovember 9, 1712. 
occurs this passage: "Ll's Francois itoiciit itabli uiifort sitr Ic flciivc Quahachc" 
etc., the entire English translation of this passage being: "The French have es- 
tablished a fort upon the ri-\'er \\'abash, and want a missionary; and Father 
Mermet has been sent to them. That lather believes he should lalvir for the con- 
version of the Masc'jutens. who ha\e l.niilt a village on the banks of the same 
river. Thev are a nation of Indians who understand the language of the 

IMermet was therefore the first preacher of Christianity in this portion of 
the world, and his mission was to convert the Mascoutens, a branch of the 
Miamis. "The way I look," said he, "was to confound, in the presence of the 
Avhole tribe, one of these charlatans (medicine men), whose INlanitou. or Great 
Spirit, Avhich he worshiped was a buffalo, which was under the earth and ar.i- 
mated all buffaloes, which heals the sick and has all p<iwer, 1 then asked him 
Avhether other beasts, the bear for instance, and which one of his nation wor- 
shiped, was not ecjually inhabited by a manitou, v.hich was under the earth. 
'Without doubt.' said the grand medicine" If this is so, said I, men ought 
to have a manitou who inhabits them. 'Nothing mi,re certain," said he. Ought 
not that to convince you,' continued I, 'that you are not very reasonable? For 
if man upon the earth is the master of all the animals, if he kills them, if he 
eats them, does it not follow that the manitou which inhabits him must have 
the mastery over all other manitous? A\"hy, then, do you not invoke him in.- 
stead of the manitou of the bear and the buffalo, when you are sick?' This 
reasoning disconcerted the charlatan. But this was all the eitect it produced." 

The result of convincing these heathen by logic, as is generally the case 
the world o^■er, was only temporary logical victory, and no change whatever 
was produced in the profession and practices of ihe Indians. 

But the first Christian (Catholic) missionary at this place whose name 
we find recorded in the cliurch annals was ]vleurin, in 1849. 

The church building used by these missionaries of the Cross at Vincenncs 
is thus described by an old inhabitant: "Fronting on Water street and run- 
ning back on church street, it was a plain building with a very rough exterior, 
of upright i)r)?ts. chinked and daubed, with a rough coat of cement on the 
outside; about twenty feet wide and sixty long; one story high, v.'ith a small 
belfry and an ecjually small bell. It was dedicated to St. Francis Xavier. The 
i^pot has long since been occupied by a splendid Catholic cath.edral." 


Almost contcniinaancous with the pn ii^Mess of the church at \'incennc-s 
was a niis.-innary work near tlie nimith of the W'ea river, among the Ouiate- 
nons. but the settlement was brtiken up at an early day. 


Soon after the discovery of the month of the Mississippi by La Salle, in 
1682. the government of France began to encourage the policy of establishing 
a line of trading- posts and missionary stations extending through western 
Canada to Louisiana, and this policy was maintained, with partial success, for 
about se\ent_\-five years. The traders insisted on importing whisky, which 
cancelled nearly every civilization influence that could Ije brought to bear upon 
the Indian, and the vast distances between the posts prevented that strength 
which can he enjoyed only by close and convenient inter-communication. 
Another characteristic of Indian nature to listen attentively to all the mis- 
sionary said, pretending to believe all he preached, and then offer in turn his 
theory of the world, of religion, etc., and because lie was not listened to with 
the same degree of attention and pretense of belief, would g<T off disgusted. 
This was his idea of the golden rule. 

The river St. Joseph of Lake }^Iicliigan was called "'the river Mianiis" 
in 1679, in which }-car La Salle built a small fort on its banks, near the lake 
shore. The cliief station of the mission for the instruction of tlie Miamis was 
establishetl on the borders of that river. Tlie first French post within th.e 
territory of the Miamis was at the mouth of the river Miamis, on an eminence 
naturally fortified on two sides by the river, and on otie side by a deep ditch 
made by a water fall. It was triangular in form. The missionary. Father 
Hennepin, gave a good description of it and he was one of the number wiio 
assisted in its construction. It was built in i('>79. He says: "W'c felled the 
trees that were on the top of the hill : and having cleared the same from bushes 
for about two musket shots, we began to build a redouljt of eighty feet long 
and forty feet wide, with great square pieces of timber laid one upon another, 
and prepared a great number of stakes of about twenty-five feet long to drive 
into the ground, to make our fort more inaccessible on the river side. We 
employed the whole cjf the month of Xo\'ember alxjut the work, which \vas 
very hard, though we had no other f<jod. except bear's flesh our savages killed. 
These beasts were \ery common in that place Iiecause of the great quantity of 
grapes they find there ; but their flesh being too fat and luscii-us, our men began 
to weai-y of it and desired to leave and go hunting to kill some wild goats. 
M. La Salle denied them that liberty, w-hich caused some murmurs among 
them, and it was not unwillingly that they continued their work. This, together 
with the ajjproach 'if winter, anrl the apprehension that M. La Salle had that 
his \essel (the GritYm) was lost, made him verv melaiicholv, thviuqli he C(jn- 


ccalcd it as nuich as possihle. \\"c iiiadc a cabin wherein we performed disine 
sen-ice every Sunday, and I'atlier (;al)riel and I. who preaclied alternately, 
took care to tal:e .such texts as were 5uital>le to our present circumstances and 
fit and in-]rire us with courage, concrml and brotherly love. The fort was 
at last perfected and called Fort Miamis." 

In 17(15 ^^^'^ Miami nation was composed of four tribes, whose total num- 
ber of warriors was estimated at only one thousanil fifty men. Of these about 
two hundred fifty were Twightwees. or ]\Iiamis proper, three hundred \\'cas, 
or Ouiatenons. three hundred Piankeshaws. and two hundred Sb.i 'ckevs : and 
at this time the principal villages of ihe Twightwees were situated aKjut the 
head of the ^Maumee river at and near the place where Fort \\'avne now stands. 
The largest of the Wea villages were near the bariks of the \Vabash river, in 
the vicinity of the Post Ouiatenon. and the Shockeys and Piankeshaws dwelt 
on the banks of the A'ermilion and on the Ixjrdcrs of the Wabash between 
\'incennes and Ouiatenon. Branches <jf the Pottawatomie. Shawnee. Delaware 
and Kickapoo tribes were permitted at different times to enter within the 
boundaries of the ?.Iiamis and reside for a while. 

The wars in wliich France and England engaged, from i68S to 1607. 
retarded the growth of the colonies of both these great countries in North 
America, and the efforts made by France to conricct Canada and the Gulf of 
^ilexico by a chain of trading posts and colonies naturally excited the jealousy 
of England and gradually laid the foundation for a struggle at arms. Tt is 
probable that before the close of 17 19. temporary trading posts were erected 
at the sites of Fort \\'ayne. Ouiatenon and \'incennes. These points were 
probably often visited by French fur traders jirior to 1700. In the mean- 
time the English people began establishing military posts west of the Alle- 
ghany mountains, and thus matters were culminated in a general war. which 
being waged by the French and Indians combined on the one side, was termed 
"the French and Indian war." This war terminated by a treaty in Paris, 
by wdiich France ceded to Great Britain all of North America east of the 
Mississippi river, except New Orleans and tlie island on which it is situated; 
and indeed, I'rance had the preceding autumn, by a secret convention, ceded 
to Spain all the country west of that river. 

BRITISH roi.icv. 

In 1765 the total number of French families within the limits of the 
Northwestern Territory did not probably exceed six h.undred. These were 
at the settlements at Detroit along the Wabash river and in the neighborhor)d 
of FVjrt Chartres on the Mississippi. Of these French families alx'Ut eighty 
lived at Post X'incennes, fr.urteen at Fort Ouitenon. on th.e Wabash, and nine 
or ten at th.e continence of the St. ^lary and St. Joseph rivers. 


The colonial policy of the British q-ovcnimont opposed any measure that 
might strengthen interior settlements, lest they hecome self-supporting and 
thus independent of the mother cuuntr\-. Hence the early and rapid settlement 
of the Nortiiwesterii Territory was still further retarded by the short-sighted 
selfishness of England. The fatal policy consisted largely of holding the land 
of the go'semmen.t and not allowing it to be sub-divided and sold to actual 
settlers. But in spite of all her efforts, she constantly made just such efforts 
as provoked the American people to rebel, and that successfully, which they 
did within fifteen }-ears after the perfect close of the French and Indian war. 


Thomas Jeffcrs'nn. the shrewd statesman and wise Governor of \'irginia, 
saw the first and actual occupation of western lands was the only way to keep 
them out of the hands of the foreigners an.d Indians. Blence, directly after the 
conquest at Vincennes by Clark, he engaged a scientific corps to proceed under 
an escort, to the -Mississippi river and ascertain by celestial observations the 
point on that river intersected by latitude 36 degrees and 30 minutes, the 
southern limit of the state, and to measure its distance to the Ohio. To Gen- 
eral Clark was entrusted the conduct of military affairs in that quarter of the 
countiy. He was instructed to select a strong position near that point and 
establish there a fort and garrison; thence to extend his conquests northward 
to the lakes, erecting forts at different points, which might serve as monuments 
of actual possession, besides affording protection to thar portion of the country. 
Fort ''Jeft'erson" was erected and garrisoned on the ^lississippi above the 
southern limit a few miles. 

The result of these operations was the addition to the chartered limits of 
Virginia, of that immense region known as the "Northwest Territory." The 
simple fact that such and such forts were established by the Americans in 
this vast region convinced British Commissioners that we had entitled our- 
sehes to the land. But \\here are those "^ilonuments" of our po\\'er now? 


The portion of territory now included withir. the limits of Indiana \\ as at 
the time of its first exploration b}- Europeans inhabited by the Miami 
Confederation of Indians. That portion of the state in which Shelby county 
now lies was occupied by the powerful tribe of Twightwees. The state de- 
rived its name from the word Indian, the "a"' being added to give it the fem- 
inine signification. It was first applied to this territoiy in 1768 to a grant oi 
land near the Oliii^, which a company of traders in that year obtained from 


llic natives. The first wliite men who ever tnul the soil of this state were the 
I'rencli missionaries, Claude Dablon and Claude Allouez, who in 1670-72, 
more than two hundred and thirty years ago, passed along the west side of 
Lake IMichigan, and entered the state somewhere north of the Kankakee river. 
The first wliite man to enter the fair dumain of Shelby county, was A\'illiam 
Connor, an Indian trader, whose business post was at the present site of Con- 
nersville. As early as 1S16 he was in the habit of corning up the streams in 
small boats, in order to barter and exchange with the Delaware Indians, who 
then held possession of all the lands watered by the White river and its 
tributaries. Indiana was formally admitted into the Union October 3. 1S18, 
at a treaty entered into at St. INIarys, Ohio, the same being found within this 


In July. 1837, Col. Abel C. Pepper convened the Pottawatomie Xalion 
of Indians at Lake Ke-waw-nay for tlic purjiose of rcmo\'ing' them west of 
the ]Mississippi river. That autumn a small i)arty of possibly ninety Potta- 
v.atomies was conducted west of the ^Ji^sissippi by George Proffit, Escp 
Among the number were Ke-waw-na}-, Xebash, X'as-waw-kay, Pash-po-ho and 
many other leading men of the nation. The regTilar emigration of these poor 
Indians, about one thousand in number, took place under Col. Pepper and 
General Tipton in the summer of 1S38. 

It Vv-as a sad and mournful spectacle to witness these children, of the 
forest slowl}- retiring from the home of thieir childhood, that contained not 
only the graves of their ancestors, but also m.any endearing scenes to which 
their memories would ever recur as sunny spots along their pathway through 
the wilderness. They felt that they v. ere bidding farewell to the hills, valleys 
and streams of their infancy; tlic more exciting hunting grounds of their 
advanced youth, as well as the stern and bloody battle-grounds, where they 
had contended in riper manhood for what they honestly believed to be their 
rights. All these they were leaving behind them, to he desecrated by the 
plowshare of the white man. As they cast mournful glances back toward these 
loved scenes that were rapidly lading in the distance.- tears fell from their 
swarthv checks, the old trembled, matrons wept, the pink-faced maiden turned 
pale, and half-suppressed sighs escaped from the motley groups as they passed 
along, some on foot, some on horseback, and others in wagons, sad as a funeral 
procession. Several of tlie aged warriors were seen to cast glances toward the 
sky, as if they were imploring aid from the spirits of their departed heroes, 
who were looking down upon them from the clouds, or from the Great Spirit. 
who would immediately, as least ultimately, redress the of the red 
man, whose broken Ixiw had fallen from liis hand, and whose sad heart v.-as 
then bleeding within him. Ever and anon one of the party would start out 


into the brush and break back to their okl encanMjnients on the Eel river and 
on the Tippecanoe, declaring that they would rather die than be banished from 
their country. Thus scores of discontented emigrants returned from different 
points on their journey, and it was several years before they could be induced 
to join their cuunlrynier, wcm uf the Mis^i^^ippi. 

Several years after the reuTival of the Indians, known as the Potta- 
watomies. the ^lianii nation was removed to their western home, by coercive 
means, under an escort of ilie United States troops. They were a proud and 
once powerful nation. Init at the time of their removal were far inferior, in 
point of numbers, to the PottawatiMuies. whom they had permitted to settle 
and hunt upon their lands, and fish in their lakes and rivers after they had 
been driven souiliward bv powerful and war-like trilies who ir.habited the 
shores of the northern lakes. 


In 1 83 1 a joint res.jlution of the Leg-islauire of Indiana, requesting an 
appropriation by Congress for the extinguishment of the Indian title to lands 
within the state, was forwarded to that body, v.-hich granted the request. The 
Secretarv of \\'ar. In- authority, appointed a committee of tln-ee citizens to 
cany effect the provisions of the recent law. The ^liamis v,-ere sur- 
rounded on all sides by American settlers, and were situated almost in the 
heart of the state on the line of the canal then being constructed. The chiefs 
were called to a council for the purpose of making a treaty: ihey i)romptly 
came. but refused peremptorily to go westward or sell the remainder oi their 
lands. The Pottawatomies sold alxxit six niiUion acres in Indiana. Illinois 
and Michigan, including all of their claim in this state. 

In iS^S a treatv was concluded with ihe ]Miami Indians through the good 
offices of Col. A. C. Pepper, the Indian agent, by which a considerable of the 
most desirable portion of their reserves was ceded to the United States. 


Land si)eculators were not loved by the early pioneers of Indiana, for 
thev been apprized of their tricks and underhanded means of securing 
control of the best lands in new countries. As an illustration of the way tlse 
Yankee land man was treated in this state, we qn.;,te from Cox's "Recollections 
of the Wabash A^alley."" 

"At Crawfordsville. December 24. 1824. many parties were present from 
the eastern and southern portions of the state, as well as horn Ohio, Ken- 
tuckv. Tennessee and even Pennsylvania, to atieiid a land '^ale. There was 
but little bidding against one another. The settlers, or 'squatters,' as they 
were called bv land speculators, had arranged matters among themselves to 


tlicir <;eneral satiffaciion. If, upm comparing numbers, it appeared tliat 
iuo were after the same piece of land, one would ask the other what he would 
take nut to bid against him; if neitlier would consent to be bought off. they 
w.iuld retire and cast lots, and the lucky man would enter the tract at Con- 
i;u-,si.:na! ]jricc. one dollar and twcnly-five cents per acre, and the other w. .uld 
t;ike a second choice on the list. If the speculator made a bid. or showed a 
di-p. .sition to take an actual settler's claim from him. he so(->n s;iw the white 
(.1 a score of eves glaring at him. and he would 'crawfish' out of the crowd 
at the first opportunity. 

"The settlers made it definitely understood to foreign capitalists that 
ihev would enter the tract of land they had settled on before allowing the latter 
to come in with their speculations. Th.e land was sold in tiers of townships, be- 
ginning at the southern part of the district and continuing north until all had 
been offered at public sale. This plan was persisted in. although it kept many 
on the ground for several days waiting, who desired to purchase land in the 
northern part of the district. 

"In 1827 a regular Tndian scare' was gotten up to keep speculators away 
for a short time. A luan who owned a claim on Tippecanoe river, near Pretty 
Prairie, fearing that some one of the niunerous land hunters constantly scour- 
ing the country, migh.t enter the land he had settled on before he could raise 
the money to buy it with, and seeing one day a cavalcade of land hunters riding 
toward where his land lay, mounted his horse and darted off at full speed to 
meet them, swinging his hat and shouting at the top of his voice: "Iridians! 
Indians! The woods are full of Indians, murdering and scalping all Iiefore 
tliem!' They paused a moment. Init as the terrified horseman still urged his 
jaded steed along ar.d cried: 'Help! Longlois. Cicots. help!' they turned au.d 
fled like a troop of retreating cavalry, hastening to the thickest settlement ar.d 
giving the alarm, which spread like wild-fire among the stublile until the whole 
"frontier region was shocked with the startling cry. The 'squatter," who had 
fabricated the story and started a false alarm, took a circuitous route home 
that evening, and while others were busy building tem-porary block-houses 
and rubbing up their guns to meet the Indians he was quietly gathering up 
monev and slipped down to Crawfordsville and entered his land, chuckhng 
to himself: "There's a Yankee trick for you, done up by a Hoosier.' " 

GRE.\T 0RI)1X.\XCE OF IjSj. 

Marvelous and interesting, indeed, is the Ordinance of 1787, for by its 
enactment the Northwest Territory, including Indiana, was virtually made a 
free soil territory, and has forever so remained.. There now secm^ but little 
doubt that the originators of this ordinance were Xathan Dane. Rut us King 
and Timothy Pickering, so far as the proviso it contained against slavery, and 

26 CIIADWICK's history of SHELr.V CO., IND. 

also for aids to rt-ligion and knowledge, as well as forever settling- the question 
of the waters of the ]\Iississipi river and the St. Lawrenee with tributaries, as 
common property for highway purposes without any toll or charge system 
for the sante. But to Thomas Jefferson is also due nnich credit, as some fea- 
tures of this onlinance were embraced in his ordinance of 17S4. But to all 
four of these distinguished men belongs the honor of consecrating by one un- 
changeable monument, the veiy heart of our country to freedom, knowledge 
and union. 

Mr. Jefferson had vainly tried to secure a system of government for the 
Northwest Territory. lie was really an emancipationist and favored the ex- 
clusion of slavery from the territory, but the South voted him down every 
time he proposed the question. In 1787, as late as July loth. an organizing 
act without the anti-slavery issue or clause was pending. The concession of 
the South was expected to carry it. Congress was then in session in New 
York Citv. Ti^lv 5th Rev. 3ilenasseh Cutler, }*Iassachusetts, came into New 
York to lobby on the Northwestern Territory. Everything seemed to fall into 
his hands. Events w'ere ripe. The state of the public credit, the growing of 
Southern prejudice, the basis of his mission, his personal character, all com- 
bined to complete one of those sudden and almost man-elous revolutions of 
public sentiment that once in five or ten centuries are seen to sweep over a 
country like the breath of the Almighty. 

Cutler was a Yale College graduate and had taken his degrees in medi- 
cine, law and divinity. He had published a scientific explanation of the plants 
of New England. He stood in America, in science, second only to Benjamin 
Franklin. He was a courtly gentlemen of the old scliool type, and possessed 
a commanding dignified manner of address. The Southern members of Con- 
gress said they had never such a true gentleman in the North. He came 
from Alassachusetts representing the company by that name, and they desired 
to buy a tract of land, now included in Ohio, for the purpose of planting a 
colony. It was a pure speculation, government money was worth but eight- 
een cents on a dollar. This company had collected enough to purchase one 
million five hundred thousand acres of land. Other speculators in New York 
made Doctor Cutler their agent, which enabled -him. to represent a demand for 
five million five hundred thousand acres. As this would reduce the national 
debt, and Jefferson's policy was to provide for the public credit, it providing a 
good opportunity to do something. 

]\Iassachusetts then owned the territoiy of Maine, which she was crowd- 
ing into the market. She was opposed to the opening of the Northwest re- 
gion. This fired the zeal of Virginia. The whole South caught the inspira- 
tion and exalted Doctor Cutler. The entire South rallied around his forces. 
^Jdassachusett-; could not vote against him. because many of its constituents 
were personally interested in the We^t as speculators. Thus Cutler, making 


friends in ihe South, ami using- all known resorts as a lo])l,yist, he was able to 
command the situation. True to deeper convietions. he dictated one ot the most 
compact and finished documents of wise statesmanship that had ever adorned 
any human law book. He borrowed from Thomas Jefferson the term "Ar- 
licie of Compact," which preceding- die Federal constitution, rose in the most 
sacred character. He then followed very closely the constitution of :Mas^a- 
chusetts, adopted but three years before that date. It contained amring other 
things the following- points: 

1. The exclusion, from the territory forever, of the institution of slavery. 

2. Provision for public schools, giving one township for a seminar}-, 
and every section numbered i6 in each township, one thirty-sixth of all public 
lands fur educational purposes. 

3. A provision prohibiting the adaption of any constitution or enactment 
of anv law that should nullify pre-existing contracts, 

this compact declared that "religion, morality and knowledge being i!ie 
necessary to good government and the happiness of mankind, sc1;oj1s, and 
the means of an education shall alwa}-s be encouraged," 

Doctor Cutler planted himself squarely on this platform of sour.d pn:> 
ciples and started w-ivh his horse and buggy for Philadelphia to attend the Con- 
stitutional Convention. On luW 13. 1787, this bill was put upon its passage 
and was unanimously adopted. Thus the great st.ates of Ohio, Indiana and 
Illinois, as well as Michigan and V>"isconsin (and as United States Senator 
George V\'. Tones, of Iowa, remarked "all that territory in the great and un- 
known ^\'cst, beyond the states just nap.uxl"). This vast domain was thus con- 
secrated to freedon;, intelligence and ni.orality. 

Soon the South saw their great bluni.ler and tried to have the compact re- 
pealed. In 1S03 Congress referred it to a comir.ittee of w-hich John Randolpl-; ^ 
was cr.airrnan. He reported that this ordinance was a compact and opposed 
its repeal. Thus it stood, a rock in the w-ay of the on-ru^hing sea of slavery. 

The Xortliw-est Territory, of course, included Indiana, and ^^laj. Gen. 
Arthur St, Clair was elected by Congress as its territorial Governor, aiid he 
proceeded to organize a form of government, beginning at ^Marietta, Ohio, to 
perform his duties. He sent out messages to all the leading Indian tribes to 
get their opinion of n^.atters and feel of their temper towards the new-bom 
wdiite man's governmeiit. These messengers v.-ere not w-ell received and war 
Was declared by St, Clair, w-ho led his own army against the Indians, but failed 
in accomplisliing results, indeed w-as surrounded and badly cut to pieces. Men 
and women were horribly killed and all seemed dark. But after he wiseh- re- 
signed his command. Gen, Anthony Wayne ("^^lad Anthony") took the trocips 
and after drilling a long time in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. October, 1793, with 
a amiv of three thousand six hundred i-nen, he moved w-estw,-.rd to Tort 
Washington. The Indians insisted on the iir.e between their lands and t!:at of 


the Unitcil Slates should l>c the Ohio river. Eni:;agcn-ients tool.- place at De- 
fiance and many other pnints in Ohio. The army remained three days and 
nights on the hanks of the Maumee. in fnmt of a field of Ijattle. duriny which 
time all the houses and cornfields were consumed and destroyed for a long 
distance below Fort ^^liami. as well as within a pistol shot of the British gar- 
rison, \\ho were compelled to remain idle spectators to the destructive warfare. 

September 14. 1794. Cieneral Wayne cumnienced niaich toward the 
deserted villa-e of ^Miaiiii, arriving Oct'.iber ijlh. and the f.)ll.,)wing day the 
site of Fort Wayne was selected. The fort was completed November 226, 
and garrisoned by a strong detachment of infantry and artillery, under Colonel 
Hamtramck. Fie gave the name to Fort Wayne. A new fort was built there 
in 1S14. General \\'ayne marched with Federal troops to Greenville, and 
there took up his headquarters for the viinter. There, in August, 1793. after 
many months of negotiation, this gallant ollrcer succeeded in concluding a gen- 
eral treaty of peace with all the hostile tribes of the Northwest Territory. This 
treaty opened up a flood of immigration continued many }'ears, and even- 
tually caused the mighty stales of the Xi^rihwest. 

In the latter part of 1796 Winthrop Sargent went to Detroit arid or- 
ganized the county of AA'ayne. forming a part of the Indiana Territciry uritil 
its di\"ision in iSo^, when the Territorv of !>.[icliigan was organized. 



On the final success ci the American armies under Gen. Anthony 
Wayne and his diplomacy with the warring tribes of red men in 1796. t!ie 
chie'f town of the territory was Vincenncs. then comprising about one hundred 
and fiftv houses, all presenting a thrifty and neat appearance. Each house was 
.urr.nuided hv a fence of poles, and peach and apple trees were found growmg 
nicelv in almost everv enclosure. Garden vegetables of all kmds were benig 
cultivated with great success, while corn, tobacco, wheat, barley and cotton 
grew 'in the hekis around the village in great abundance. During the last 
Tlecade of the eighteenth century the condition of society at Vincenncs had im- 
proved wonderfullv. 

Besides \'incennes tliere was a small settlement near wliere the town ot 
Lawrenceburg now stand^. in Dearborn county, and in the course of that year 
a small settlement was eftected at '•Armstrong's Station." on the Ohio, within 
the present limits of Clark county. Then smaller settlements were found here 
and here within the Ixainds of Indiana Territory, as now understood. 

The territorv of Indiana was organized by Act of Congress. May 7. iSo3. 
the material parts of the Ordinance cf 1787 remaining in force: and the inhabi- 
tants were invested in all rights, privileges and advantages granted and secured 
to the people bv that ordinance. The seat of territorial government was fixed 
at Vincenncs. 'Mav i^ i^oo. William Henry Harrison, a native of Virginia, 
was appointed Governor of the newly made territ.a-y. and on the next day Jonn 
Gibson, a native of Pennsxdvania, and a famotis western pioneer ( to whom 
the Indian chief Logan delivered his celebrated Indian speech in 1774). ^vas 
appointed Secretary of the territory. Soon afterwards W'illiam Clark, Henry 
\'anderburgh and Tohn Grifhn were appointed territorial judges. _ 

Secretarv Gibson arrived at \'incennes in July, and commenced m the 
absence of Governor Harrison the administration of government. Governor 
Harrison did not arrive until januarv 10. 1801. when he immediately called 
togetlter the judges alrearlv named, wh.. pn^eeded to pass such laws as tliey 

deemed necessary for the present government 

the territorv. Thi; 

began :\Iarch 3, 1801. 

Ercm the last named date to 18 10 the principal subjects that attracted the 
attention r,i the people of In.liana were land specitlations. the adjustment of 
land titles, the question of negro slavery, the purchase of Indian lands, the 
extension of th.e rights of suffrage, the division oi Indiana Territory, the 


movcnionts of Aaron riurr. and tlie hostile \ic\\'s and proceedings of the 
Shawnee chief, Tecumseh. and liis hrotiier, the Pruphet. 

Up to this lime the article, sixth in nunilier. of the celebrated Ordinance 
referred to before, that was passed in 1787. prnhibiting- slavery in tlie North- 
western Territury. had been somewhat neglected in the execution ci law, and 
many French settlers still held slaves, in a manner. In some instances, accord- 
ing to the rules prc>cril)ed by territorial legislation, slaves agreed by indenture 
to remain in servitude under their masters fur a certain numlier of years; but 
many slaves, with whom no such contacts were made, were removed from the 
Indiana Territory either to the west of the Mississippi or to some of the sla^•e- 
holding states. Governor Harrison convoked a session of delegates of the 
territor}-, elected by a vote of the people, who petitioned Congress to declare 
the sixth article of the Ordinance of 1787. prohibiting slavery, suspended: 
but Congress never consented to grant that petition, and many other petitions 
of a similar import. Scon afterwards some of the citizens began to take 
colored persons out of the territory for the purpose of selling them. Governor 
Harrison, by a proclamation of April 6, 1804. forbade it, and called upon the 
authorities of the territory to assist him in preventing such removel of persons 
of color. 

During the year 1S04 all the country west of the ]\Iississippi and north 
of the thirty-third degree of latitude, was attached to Indiana Territory by Co'i- 
g^ress, but in a few months was again detach.ed and organized into a separate 

\\"hen it appeared from a vote of the people in the territory that a major- 
ity of one hundred thirty-eight frec-hoklers were in favor of organizing a 
General Assembly, Governor Harrison, September 11, 1S04, issued a procla- 
mation declaring that the territory had passed into the second grade of govern- 
ment, as contemplated by the Ordinance of 1787. and fixed Thursday, Jhuli- 
ary 3, 1805, as the time for holding an election in the several counties of the 
territorv, to choose members of a House of Representatives, who should meet 
at \'incennes l-"ebruar_\- ist. and adopt measures for the organization of a 
territorial council. These delegates were elected and met according to the 
proclamation, and selected ten men from whom the President of the United 
States, Thomas Jefferson, should appoint five to be and constitute the legisla- 
tive council of the territory, but he declining, requested !Mr. Harrison to make 
such selection, which was accordingly done. Before the first session of the 
Council, however, was held. Michigan Territory was set ofif. its south line 
being one drawn from the southern end of Lake Michigan directly east to 
Lake Erie. 


The first Territorial Legislature in Indiana met at Vincennes July 29. 
1805. The members of the House of Representati\'es were Jesse B. Thomas, 


of IJearborn county; Davis Fhiyd. of Clark county: Benjamin I'arke and John 
lulmson. of Knox countv ; Shadrach r>nnd and William Biggs, of St. Clair 
"countv; George Fisher, of Randolph ci^unty. July 30th the Governor de- 
livered his first message to "the Legislative Council and House of Representa- 
tives of the Indiana Territory." Benjamin Parke was the first delegate ejected 
to Congress. He had emigrated from Xew Jersey to Indiana in iSoi. 


The "Western Sun" was the first newspaper ever pulilished in Imliana 
and was first commenced at A'incennes in 1S03. by Elihu Stout, of Kentucky, 
and first called trie Indiana Gazette, and July 4. 1804, wa;: cha-.iged to the 
Western Sun. ^Ir. Stout continued to edit this paper until 1S45, amid many 
discouragements, when he was appointed postmaster at that place, after whicli 
he sold his newspaper. At the date of establishing this newspaper, it was the 
only publication in what is now the great states of Indiana. Illinois, Michigan 
and \\'isconsin, and the second in all that vast country known as the "Xortii- 
west Territory." 


■ The total population was in the year just named at the head of this para- 
graph was twenty-four thousand five hundred and twenty: there were thirty- 
three grist mills; fourteen saw mills; three horse mills; eighteen tanneries; 
twcntv-eight distilleries; three powder mills: one thousand two hundred and 
thirty-six looms; one thousand three hundred anil fifty spinning wheels; value 
of manufactures — woolen, hempen and flaxen clothes, one hundred fifty-nine 
thousand and fifty-two dollars. Of cotton and wool spun in mills, one hundred 
fifty thousand dollars: of nails, thirty thousand pounds; of leather, tanned, 
nine thousand three hundred dollars; of distillery products, thirty-five thou- 
sand nine hundred and fifty gallons, valued at sixteen thousand two hundred 
and thirty dollars: of gunpowder, three thousand six hundred pounds, valued 
at one thousand eight hundred dollars; of wine from grapes, ninety-six barrels, 
valued at six thousand dollars ; fifty thousand pounds" of maple sugar. 

During 1810 a Board of Commissioners was established to assist in look- 
ing after a tangled up lot of land titles. Their work was indeed a hard task. 
They met designing land speculators under oath and it was up to the.-,e com- 
missioners to set things right, hit who it might. 

In closing their work and making their final report they spoke in the fol- 
lowing forceful language : 

"We close this melancholy picture of human depravity by rendering our 
devout acknowledgment that, in the a\\ful alternaii\x' in \vhich we have been 
placed, of either admitting perjury testimony in support of the claims before 


US, or lia\-ing' it turned nijainst oiu" cl'.aracters and li\cs. it has as yet pleased 
tlie divine proviilence which rules over tlie aflairs cf men. to preserve us both 
from legal murder and private assassination."" 

From iSo6 to 1S09 the question of dividing tlie territory was agitating 
the minds of th.c p.C'ple. During tlic year last named Congress erected the 
Territory of Illinois, to comprise all that part of Indiana lying west of the 
Wabash river and a direct line drawn from that river and Post Vincennes 
due north to the territorial line between the United States and Canada. This 
occasioned some confusion in the governmental affairs of Indiana, but in duo 
time the new elections were confirmed, and the new territor\- started off on a 
journey of prosperity which this portion of the United States has e\er since 

For the first fifty years after settlement had lieen made at \'incennes. but 
little progress had been enacted. The wliitcs lived in peace with the Indians. 
each seeming to have charit}' and sympathy, one for the other. The govern- 
ment was a mixture of civic and military. There was but little tr;> inspire or 
incite to enterprise. But few could read anrl less could write tlicir names 
legibly. There were no speculations. The general character of the settlers 
was for honesty and simplicity. Peltries were the general standard for values. 
Ptiblic spirit was an unknown quantity during this first half century of the set- 
tlement of what is now one of the most enterprising and advanced common- 
wealths within this great union of sister states. 

The battle. of Tippecanoe, fought Xo\'ember 7. iSii. and a I'mg" train oi 
Indian difficulties took up the time and attention of Governor Harris(]n d>iring 
that never-to-be-forgotten period just before the opening of the War "f 1S12 
against Great Britain. The glorious victijry at Tippecanoe was but ti.i lie ox'cr- 
shadowed by the last war with the mother country. That war was legally de- 
clared June II, i8i_'. after which the Indians again commenced their diaboli- 
cal depredations in Indiana. The war was fierce for two years, coming to a 
termination December 24. 1S14. A treaty made between this country and 
Great Britain required that this ccjuntry put an end to hostilities with all tribes 
or nations of Indians with whom they had been at war. Tecumseh was killed 
at the battle of Thames, October 5. 1813, by a Mr. Wheatty. notwithstanding 
General Johnson had usually had this distinction conferred upon him. 

After repeated petitions to Congress. Indiana was finally emiiowered to 
elect the members of the Legislative council by a popular vote. This Coiigres- 
sional act was passed in iSoo, and defined what was known as the property 
qualification of voters. These qualificati'Mis were abolished by Congress in 
iSi I, which extended the right of voting for members of the General Assembly 
and for territorial deleg'ates to Congress to every free white person — male — 
above the age of twenty-one years, and who had paid a county or territiirial 
tax. was a resident ui the territorv and had resided in the territor\' for one vear. 


III 1814 the voting- qualification in T'.idiana was defined by Cimgress. "tn 
cvcrv tree wliite male person having a freehold in the territory, and being a 
resident of the same." 

The House of Representatives was authorized liy Congre:=s to lay off the 
tcrrit'.rv into five districts, in each o\ which the qualifie.l voters were empow- 
ered to elect a member of the Legislative council. The division was made, one 
to two counties in each district. 

At the session of August. 1S14. the territ(M-y wa^ also divideil into three 
judicial districts or circuits as they were called, and provisions were made for 
"holding courts in the same. The G^wernor was empowered to appoint a pre- 
siding Judge in each court, and two associate judges of the L'ircuit Court in 
each cou'.Uv. Their compensation was fixed at seven hundred dollars per 

The same year the General Assembly granted charters to two banking in- 
stitutions, the Farmers" and ^vlechanics" Bank of Madison, and the Bank of 
^'incennes. The first was authorized to raise a capital of seven hundred fifty 
thousand dollars, and the other five hundred thousand dollars. On the or- 
gani.^ation of the state, these banks were merged into the State Bank and its 


In th.e month of Taiiuary. 1S14. about one thousand ^^liamis assembled at 
Fort Wavne for the purpose of obtaining food to prevent starvation. They 
met with ample hospitality, and their example was speedily followed by others. 
These, with other acts of kindness, won the lasting friendship of the Indians, 
many of whom had fought in the interest^ of Great Britain. General treaties 
soon followed, and the way was opened up for the improvement and settlement 
of the lands. 

PO]^UL.\Tiox- IX 1S15. 

The following is the list given by the oft'icial return; of the Legislature of 
Indiana in 1S15. and is the n.imilier of male voters at that date, as well as the 
total population : 

Counties. \^oters. Total Pop. 

Wavne i-2^5 ^'•^'^7 

Franklin L430 7-370 

Dearborn ". . • 9^2 4-224 

Switzerland 377 i-^o-' 

TefTerson ^74 4.^70 

Clark 1-387 7.^50 

Washington 1420 7-3I7 

Harrison i-f^S^ 6.975 


34 . cii \i)\\ ick's jiisTukv OF si:i:i.i'.v co.. i 

^^""^ 1.391 

Gili.M.n i_,oo 

P'-'^^>" 3^0 

^^ arnck 280 

T'cny 3^0 

Total ij.,12 

This closes the history of the Territorv of Indiana. 



1. 41 5 

1 .720 





The last regular session of the Indiana Territorial Legislature convened 
at Corvdon in December. 1815. The executive Governor Posey, who at 
that time, in his message, congratulated the territory upon the grand results of 
its earlv settlement period and its legislative enactments. December 14th 
of thatVear OMigress was memm-iali^ed by Indiana territory, praying to be 
admitted into the Union, after liaving the privilege of forming a fitting con- 
stitution on which to be admitted. On April _'8. 1S16. the President of the 
United States approved the bill and accordingly, May 30ih. l.illowing, a gen- 
eral election was held for a Constitutional Convention, which bxly met at 
Corydon June loth to 29th. Jonathan Jennings i>residing. and William Hen- 
dricks acting a^ secretary. , 

The author of ••Dillon's Plistory of Indiana'" says concernmg this im- 
portant event: 

■■'The conventir.n that formed the hrst constitution of the state of Indiana 
^vas composed mainly of clear-minded, unpretending men of common sense, 
whose patriotism was unquestionable and whose luiirals were fair. Ihcir !,-i- 
miliaritv with the theories of the Declaration of Independence, their teirito- 
ria' experiences under the provisions of the Ordinance of 1787. and then- 
knowledge of the principles of the constitution .^f the Imited States were sut- 
ficient which combined, to lighten materially their hiUjvs in the great work of 
forming a constitution for a new state. With such landmarks in view, the 
labors of similar conventions in other states and territories have been com- 
paratively light. In the clearness and conciseness of its style, in the comprehen- 
sive and'ju^t provisions which it made for the maintenance of civil and re- 
ligious liberty, in its mandates, wiiich were designed to protect the rights 01 
the people collectively and individually, and to provide for the public welfare, 
the constitution that'was framed for Indiana in 1816 ^vas not inferior to any 
state constitutions which were in existence at that time." 

On the first :^Ionday in August. 18 16, the first state election took pkace. 
and the result was the election ot Jonathan Jennings as Governor and Christo- 
pher Harrison. Lieutenant Governor. William Hen.lricks was elected to repre- 
sent the new state in the House of Representatives of the L'niled States. 

The first General Assembly elected under statehood and the new con^^ltu- 
tion liegan its session at Corvdon. Xovemlier 4. i'^^'^^- .l"'"i ^'"■'' ^^'^^ ^"'''"' 
to the chair of the Senate pn:. tem. and Isaac Plackford was elected Speaker 
of the House. 


The first ,-cssion ut" ilic State Lcgi^lauirc elecicd Janios Xdilc ami Waller 
Tavlxr to the I'liited Slates Senate; Rciheri A. Xew was cleeied Seeretarv of 
Sta'ic; W. H. Lilly, Auditor of Stale, ami Daniel C. Lane. Treasurer of State. 
The session adjourned January 3, 1817. 

With the close of the war of iSiJ-14 there was a great ru^h for entry 
of lands within Indiana. By 1S.20 the stale had more than d>aibled her pi^iu- 
lation, having- at thi- time one hundred forty-seven thousar.d one liundred 
seventv-eight, ami li_\- 18^3 nearly doubled this number again, that is to say, 
in rcjund numbers a quarter of a million people inhabited Indiana in iS_'5. 
This, it is believed, is the most excessive increase in population of any p«)rtii'n 
of this country, since its discovery by Columbus. 

From 1S23 to 1830 was also another prosperous half decade in the history 
of Indiana. Acoimpanying this large influx of population, however, there 
were many paupers and indolent, worthless people drifted in and really 
threatened to become burdensome to the honest toilers. In his annual mes- 
sage Governor Rav called the attention of the law-makers to this fact, but no 
action was taken, as it was then, as it has ever been, a serious question to 
know how best to provide for this unlViriunale and almost helpless class of 


In the short Init decisive war with }^Iexico, Indiana furnished her qu.>ta, 
five regiments of troops, n.umljered one, two, three, four and five. The fact 
that companies of the first three named regiments served at times with the 
men of Illinois, the Xew ^""rk Volunleers. the Palmettoes of South Carolina, 
and the United States marines, under Gen. James Shields, makes for them 
a history. Because the campaigns of the Rio Grande and the 
siege ofA'era Cniz, the desperate encounter at Cerro Gordo, the tragic con- 
tests in the vallev at Contrcras and Churubusco, the st;u-ming of Chapultepec. 
and the planting of the stars and stripes upon every turret and spire within 
the conquered City of ^^lexico, were all carried out by gallant troops under the 
favorite old general, and consequently each of t'lem shared with him in the 
glories attached to such exploits. The other regiments, under Cols. Gorman 
and Lane, participated in the contests of the period under commanders. 
The Fourth Regiment of Indiana Volunteers, co'.nprising ten companies, was 
fomiallv organized at Jeffersonville, Indiana, by Capt. R. C. Gatlin, June 15, 
1847, and on the ir)th, elected Maj. Wiiii^ A. Gorman, of the Third Regi- 
ment, to the colonelcy; Ebeneezer Dumoat, lieutenant colonel, and William 
McCoy, major. June 27th the regiment left Jeffersonville to the front and 
later were assigned to Brigadier-Genera! Lane's command, v.hen they com- 
prised a battery of five piece-- fo.m the Third Regiment, rniled Stales Ar- 
tillerv. the Latiery oi two pieces from the Second L'nited Stales .\rtillery. 


the Fourtli RcL;-iineiu of Indiana \''ihinicers and the l-^iurth Ohio Rcg-iment, 
with a squadron of mounted Louisianans. and deiachments of recruits from 
the United States regular ainiy. The in Hips i.f this Ijriyade won signal honors 
at Passo de Ovegas. August lo, 1S47; National bridge, on the I2lh; Cerro 
Gordo, on the 15th; Las Animas, on liie tgth. under Maj. F. T. Lally, and later 
took part in the siege of Puebia that began September 15th and terminated Oc- 
tober I2th. They also served at Atlizco. Tiascala. Matamoras. Gtterrila Ranche. 
Xapaloncan. The Indiana Fourth Regiment performed gallant service, and 
carried the campaign into the following year, representing the state at St. 
]\Iartin's, February 2"], 1848; Cholua, I\Iarch 26th: Matacordera, Fel)ruarv 
19th; Sequalteplan, February 25th: and cm the cessation of hostilities reported 
at Madison, Indiana, for discharge. July 11. 18-1S: while the iMflh Indiana 
Regiment, under Col J. H. Lane, underwent a similar round cf diitv with 
other brigades, and gained some celelirily at \'era Cruz, and with the Illinois 
troops, under General Shields at Chapul tepee. 

This war cost the L'nited Stales sixty-six million dollars. Pint this 
large amount was not paid for glory; there was something else at slake, and 
the territory was added to our possessions larg-er than all of France and was 
a just defense of the great Lone Star state, through the rightful humiliation 
and chastisement of a quarrelsome people known as ?\Iexicans. 


In 1850 a block of native granite was sent from Indiana to be placed 
in the great m'.inument then hieing erected in honor of George \\'ashington, 
the same now oveidooking the Potomac at the National Capital. Governor 
Wright had inscribed on the face of this stone this inscription : "Indiana 
Knozcs no Xoiili. Xp South, Xothing Bui flic Union.'' 

Within a dozen years thereafter, this state demonstrated to the world 
that her patriotism was of the practical, true and uncompromising type. How- 
ever, in keeping with his sentiments. Governor \\'rig'ht indorsed the compro- 
mise measure of Congress on the slavery question, remarking that Indiana 
takes her stand in the ranks, not of Southern destiny, nor yet of Northern 
destiny; she plants herself on the basis of the constitution and takes her stand 
in the ranks of American destiny. 

The Civil war broke out and that noble "war Governor," Oliver P. Mor- 
ton, Republican, flashed over the -wires, on the early morning of April 15, 
1861 (the day after Ft. Sumpter had been fired up<-'i-. l.)y the Confederacy), the 
following message : 
Executive Department Indiana. 

Indianapolis, April 15, 1861 : 

To Abraham Lincoln. President of the L'niled States : — On behalf of 

38 cnAinvicK's iiisturv or SHEi.nv co., ind. 

tlie state of Imliana. I tender tri you ioY the defence of the nation, and to 
ujih(_)ld tlie autlmriiy of the Government, ten tlionsand men. 

(Signed) Oi.ivkr P. Mortox, 

Governur of Indiana. 
Tliis was tlie nrM . iVicia; act ni ihe ne\^;y .-eated Goverr.or of ihib state. 
Tlie state was not financially well preiKircd for sneh warfare, Imt the General 
Assembly knowing that ten thousand dollars would cover all the funds in tlic 
state treasur}-. yet at once appropriated sums as follows for th.e carrying on 
of this war for the Union : 

General military purposes $i,ooo.oco 

Purchase of arm> 500,000 

Contingent military expenses 

Organizati(jn and support of militia for two years 140.000 

Total for war purposes $1,740,000 

Tiie total number of men furnished liy Indiana in the rebellion amounted 
ti) over two hundred tlmusand, most t;l wliom served three years or more. 
Tliis includei.l one hundred fifty-six regiments: twenty-six i)aiteries and tlie 
number of Ixiilles pariicijiatcd in by these soldiers was by states as follows: 

Engagements in Mrginia. 90: in Tennessee. 51: in Genrgia. 41: Mis- 
sissippi. 24: Arkansas, 19; Kentucky, id; Louisiana. 15: ^.lissoari, 9: North 
Carolina, 8: r\larylaiid, 7: Texas, 3: South Carobna. 2; Indian, Territory, j: 
Pennsylvania, 1; Ohio, i: Indiana, i. Total of 30S battles. 

In all there were ciamected with the military service of the state, 
counting the militia, tvvc) huudredi sixty-seven ih.yasand men. 


In 1867 the Legislature comprised ninety-one Republicans and fifty-nine 
Democrats. Goveri^jr ]^Iorton having resigned to take his seat as a L'nited 
States Senator, Lieut. Gov. Conrad Baker assumed the executive chair during 
the remainder of the term. This Legislatiire, by a very decisive vote, ratified 
the Fottrteenth .\niendment to the L'nited States C institution, constituting 
all persons li^rn in ilie country or sulijects to its jurisdicti'T., citi.^en^ of the 
L'nited States and of the state wherein they reside, without regard to ra.ce 
or color; reducing the Congressional represematii')n in any state in which there 
should be restriction of the exercise of the elective franchise on account of 
race or color; disfranchising persons therein named who shall have engaged 
in insurrection or rebellion against the l'nited States, and declaring that the 
validity of tlie pul)!ic debt c:,f the United States, authorized by law. shall 
not be Cjucstioned. 


'i'hc same Lcgislatuvo also enactcil a strict rcjiistratinn election law, wliicii 
lias been the means uf pinx- election contests e\er since. 


During;- i86S Indiana presented her claims {o the general government foi 
losses and exl)en^es inctu'red during the Ci\il w a!', amo\niting to almost two 
mil!ii>n dullars an.d they were audited and hnally alliwed. l-\iur hundred thir- 
teen thousand hve hundred ninet}-nine dollars were allowed to partie-. suf- 
fering loss by reason of the ^b>rgan cavalry raid. 


The divorce laws had been from an early day very lax up to 1S70. when 
the Governor recommended a reform in this particular and such changes were 
made as to not allow divorce only on statutory grounds, since which dale 
the state has been looked upon in this respect, on a par with oilier common- - 
wealths and superior to many slates. 


In 1821 Indiana owed a debt of $20,000. The close of the European 
wars and a reduction of l.ircadstuff prices brought on a panic in Indiana in 
common with nearly ail the stales. But in 1S23 speculation began to set 
things right along the financial line. ]\Ioney was invested in home manu- 
factories, instead of wilder commercial enterprises. These factories set 
money in circulation and gave employment to tens of thousands of willing- 
workers. A part of tlie gain thus made, Ii(-i\ve\er, was sunk in useless interna! 
iniprc Acment- — but not seen at the time. Tlie^e internal improvements were 
begun in the face of the Asiatic cliolera sweeping along the Ohio river and 
entering inland at various points in Indiana. The Black Hawk w-ar of 1832 
was raging in the Xorthwest, but these had no bearing on the minds of of- 
ficials who went ahead with internal improvements as though times were 
always to be good. 


The subject of making roads and impr-wir.g the streams onmmenced in 
1818, and continued to be urged by all goverii.:>rs up to 1842. Governor Hen- 
dricks, in 1822, specified as important improvements the navigation of the 
falls, of the Ohio, the Wabash and AMiile ri\ers. and other lesser streams in 
Indiana. Also the construction of public highways and. Xational roads through 
the state. In 1826 Governor Rav considered the making of a system oi roads 


and canals as inijiera.tixe. In 1830 llic people liecanic excited over the project 
of connectiiiij the streams of the country by the Xatitnial New York & Mis- 
sissippi Railrcad. the National road and the .Miehi,L;an and Ohio turnpike, 
the location of which was a long, bitter contest. 

In 1S32 the real work of internal ini])rii\cnients iK-qan. During that 
and the following year thirty-two mile^ of the Wabash and Erie canal were 
placed under cuUraci and work commenrvd and ]nisliL'd fiirward until 1835, 
and navigation was opened July 4th. when the people assembled to see the 
mingling of the waters of the St. Joseph and Wabash rivers, uniting with 
the waters of the Gulf of ]\Iexico. During 1836 the canal touched and bene- 
fited Fort \\'ayne, Huntington, Lawrencelmrg, Brookville, Evansville and 
Terre Haute. 

At the close of 1837 it was found that the state had borrowed three mil- 
lion eight hundred eighty-seven thousand dollars lor internal improvements, 
of which a million and a quarter dollars was for the construction of the Wabash 
& Erie canal. The five per cent, interest amounted to o^"er two hundred 
thousand dollars, and became brvrdensome. 

In August, 1S39, all work on such improvements ceased. In 1S40 a 
statement showed that there had been projected roads and canals to the 
amount of one thousand two hundred eighty-nine miles, two hundred eighty- 
one of which miles had been completed at a cost (finished and uncompleted) 
of twenty million dollars, estimated cost, of which had been paid out the sum 
of eight million one hundred sixty-four thousand five hundred twenty-eight, 
dollars. The state debt at that time was eighteen million four hundred seven- 
ty-nine thousand one hundred furly-six dollars. Notwithstanding the people 
were compelled to pay taxes, including a compound interest on large debts con- 
tracted by the state, her honest, loyal citizens would not think of repudiating 
such obligations, as was the case in many other states in the Union. 

By the year 1850 all so named "Internal Improvements" systenis. had 
been forever abandoned and private capital and ambition pushed forward 
the needed improvements of the state. During that year four hundred miles 
of plank road were built, at a cost of about one thousand three hundred dollars 
per m.ile. The state then contained two hundred twelve miles of railroad 
and one thousai:d more were already surveyed. 

As time went on the state forged to the front, and today stands on a high 
and safe financial plane. AVith railroads second to no other Central West 
state, and liiglnvaA's such as wagon roads unequaled. In her school fund 
and educational institutions she is ahead of most any of her sister states. Her 
manufacturing and mim'ng and general mineral resources have developed to 
a prodigious degree in the last few decades, until mere figures do not signify 
as a means of telling of her true wealth and greatness as a commonwealth. 



Eacli vcar, as it nnlls its resistless way along- the niiL;lny pathway of time, 
is fast thinning- the ranks of the hardy pioneers and their sons and daughters, 
who, in their adventurous way. first l)rokc the broad pathway of emigration 
into what is now Shelby couiit}-, Indiana. The relentless hand of death, jinr- 
suing his remorseless and unceasing avocation, is cutting" down, one b\- one, 
the hardy and brave men and women whose fathers and mothers and grand- 
sires were the first to tread this soil — those who first "blazed" their way 
through forest and glen, and became the true \-anguru-ds to a higher and Ijctter 
type of civilized life. 

No pen can portray, no tongue can tell of the hard-hips and cruel vicis- 
situdes of fortune endiu'ed in those early days l)y thusc who justly are now- 
enrolled in h.istory as "first settlers" in Shelby county. It was ninety years 
ago that the first to make permanent settlen-ient here, w-endetl their wa}- 
tlirough the dense forest lands, crossing unbridged and angry streams, in the 
face of wild beasts, camping where but a few moons before the red man 
had kindled lu's last caiiip-fire and vacated, in a peaceful manner, this fair 
domain and gone on to the great and little known ^lississippi \'alley 

Some had left homes in a far nv-ve ad\anced cnuntry. in Ohio. Kentucky, 
and th.e Carolinas. w-hile nthers were former residents i>i Pennsylvania and 
Virginia. As one looks at the portraits of some tn" the pioneers of Shelby 
county, and notes thicir \veather-beaten forms, their furrow-ed brows, the pre- 
inatiu"e1y hoary locks, one is impressed by th.ese sad, }.-et eloquent evidences 
that theirs w-as no holiday life, while weathering the storms and tur- 
moil of pioneer life. Penury, hardship and often absidute w-ant v,-ere their 
lot. while trying to conquer dame nature and establish h'-inies for tlumsel\"es 
and their faniilies in this boundless w-ilderness, but now in the garden spot of 

Let us hasten, then, to put down the words as they fall from the lips of 
th'jse yet remaining this side the strand, the words of the people whose sires per- 
formed grandly heroic deeds in those earlier decades, that their actions nia}- find 
the niche in history which they so richly deserve. Let their wi^rds and deeds 
form a monument that shall long outlast bronze wh.ich mi'iSt ere long mark the 
place of their rest. Let their epitaph be: "Tiicv Have BitUdcd Better Than 
Thex Knez.:" 

4-2 ■ cuadwick's iii^tcikv of sill i.nv cd., I.\1:. 

But Ix't'i.i-e we take up the history of real hisiorie tiiiie>, it is the .hii\- of 
tlic lii>torian to reconl tiie tarts as they liave existed •Mown thr..)r,-h the dim 
and misty vista (;f time. l)efore man was." It therefiue i- hetittin.i^- liere to 
ascertain Mmieihiiig- ^'i the lii-tory of tlie canh lieiK-ath. a- it was formed in 
the vast, prelr-^toric er:i. hef-re man h.a.l lived and m..ved upon its surface; 
lii-iory not written upon the puny ,,i man. hut -radually ensraxei! Iiv 
the iiand of creation upon the rocks and granite formations of th.e cverlasting- 
iiills. Let us theretMre beyin at the 


From the Slate Geo!„oical Rei)orls of Prof. John Colkit in u^Si. it is 
learned that: l^euiote from great rivers and actual beds of water, one is as- 
tonished to find aluLKt the whole surface ..f the county covered with aluvium. 
either ancient or modern. 'Jdu's explains at once the uniform depth an.d fer- 
tility of the soil and a^k^ wliat great llocd^ of water and ice plowed out these 
valleys, contrary to the usual direction of the drift s. nithwester!v. and after- 
wards covered the hilltop^ and glacial drift with clay, sands .,f the loess. 

The tVux-st mould and peatty soils are caused by the decav of leaves, grass 
and other vegetable remains. The alluvial loams of creeks and river b./.ttoms 
are due to causes now in .action. Water in swift morion grinds nMliiig rocks 
and pebbles to sand and clay, a slow, btit sure and mighty mill, and these by 
Hoods, are spread up. ^n overtlowed lands, blessing- them with lenewed fenii'tv. 
always productive, and Commanding full prices. 

There was a period when a great lake oi fresh water covered Southern 
Indiana and adjoining regions in Illinois, Kentuekx and ^[i?souri. .\ suij- 
tropic, or tropic climate prevailed. .\ s.nuliern vegetation was known to exi-t. 
with the elephant, megalonynt. peccary, etc. This lacustral deposit in these 
parts exhibits a summit le\-el of about eight hundred feet al)o\e the ocean. 
hence, shallow on die elevated plateaus and d.?.tted with island hills, if deeply 
covered with its waters the valleys previously eroded. The inHowing stream's 
gave rise to slow currents, so that t';e deposits are often finely and distinctly 
laminated. Few. or ikj pebbles, only sands, are found even upon its shoi-es, 
for the temperature did not admit of the transporting agency of the ice. The 
loess deposit is seen on many of tlie highlaiKK of the connt\-, and is well ex- 
hibited in the \vagon road cut at the hill top at :vlount Auburn. Long exn>)sure 
to rainfall and other atmospheric conditions have remo\-ed most of tltc deposit 
from the slopes, and its material modified by tluviatile action largely forms 
the tenacious soil of the ■"flat woods." or enriched by coarse sand, the loams 
of the river bottoms. 


Of th.e glacial drift, it may be stated that t!ie surface features of Shelby 
county are due largely to the agencies of the great Ice Age. The b.ard-pan 


clavs. qravel and Iji iw lik-rs iv.dicannt;- the transpnrtinj; a.n.l cr(isl\-e i.^wers i>t 
tli;;t .-!ii\v. solemn rixcr "f ice mysierv. ai'd it.- .-uninicr sluices nf iiurent water, 
which lias so wonderfully :iioulde<l the contour and blessed the snil nf Indiana, 
inrludiny- Shelby county. 

As a general rule, the nortliern ice llou filled up ancient valley-, and river 
lieds, as was determined by test bores and shafts in Kn.jx, Clay, rutnani, 
I'ountain an.l Tijipecanoe counties, and as may be recog-'.rized in the sand and 
gravel pits near Waldrcm; pushing into such valleys, dividing Iiills and the 
masses of material Ijeneath and at the foot of the glaciers and forming in- 
numerable lakes, which dotted the entire surface of the state. At other times 
the ice flow followed north and south valleys, or depressions parallel with the 
outcrops of the geological formations, as th.e rocks were more or less easily 
erodeil by it and the existing conditions. 

But all these elements and agencies caimot account for the results ex- 
hibited in Slielljy and adjoining counties. The trend oi tlie streams and the 
vallevs do not coincide with the dip of underlying rocks. On the other liand. 
with slight southern deflections, they are parallel with the western extension 
of the axis of Lake Erie, crossing the state from east to v.est. The nortliern ■ 
ice flow brought white, gray and black granites, and a multitude of specimens, 
positi\-ely indicating the line of transit by lakes Michigan and Superirir. In 
Shelby comity few such rocks are found, but instead massive bowlders fpjm 
small to six. eight and ten feet in diameter, and constantly, abundantly seen 
in the southern parts, of red felspathic granite, enough laminated to fix theu" 
gneissic or sedemenlarv origin, ckisel}' resembling the red granites of I.o\\er 
Canada and X'ermont. 


The construction of deep wells has <leve!oped the singular fad that for 
everv seventv-live feet in depth tliere is an increase in the temperature of the 
water in a well of one degree F. The temjierature of sjjring water at the sur- 
face is also known t.i be 52 degrees F.. so by this law one may determine tlepth 
by heat and heat by depth. Hence a change of temperature of twenty-eight 
degrees indicates a depth of 2,212 feet. 

The Shelbyville Thermal well was put down in December. 1S70. in the 
east part of thexitv. near Blue river bridge. At a de[)tli of eighteen feet the 
water was found to be warm, and at the Iv itom. twenty-four feet from the 
surface, a constant temperature, winter and summer of seventy-six degrees, 
was maintained. 

The Barlow Thermal well, near the old Barkwv :\lil!s. four miles we^t of 
Shelbvvilie. where there was an old well, at the residence of Henry Barl.w, 
that was twenty-three feet deep, and had been used for household purposes, 
and was lavorablv knov. n for furnishing cold water. 52 degrees F. Suddenly 


this well water became warm, and im loni^-er desirable: the thermometer in- 
dicating 65 deg'rees F. A pi])e was dri\en in Xi member. 1S70. from the h>it- 
tom through fine sand and pebble-^, resting in a l_icd nf gravel. It went to a 
depth of thirty-nine feet from the >;nrface. The water was foiiiul to ha\e a 
temperature of eighty d.egrees F. and during the next winter attaine<l a maxi- 
muiu teni]-)cratiu'e of eighty-six degrees. These wells were excawited for pot- 
able water only, and being unfit for this use. were neglected and allowed to 
fill up. If found permanent, these springs will invite the attention of those 
needing baths of a h.ot nature, and suggests that it would be far cheaper, and 
doubtless as beneficial, to use these thermal waters of Shelby county, as to pay 
large stuns at a resort at soiue of the distant "hot springs" in the far Sotith- 
west and \\"est. 

The physical phenomena of Shelby cotinty represents ages of life, cen- 
turies of energy, cycles of time, writing with a mightier hand than wields pen 
of lead or iron, e\-cnts on the rocks fore\'er. The romantic history it tells of 
a deep, crild. quiet sea. an tmseen life of mollusk and radiate: it records attenrl- 
ing astronomic changes of climate and time, and leaves a thousand log-books 
of wondrous ships of crystal silver, floating on a river-sea cif icy water. 


The only earthworks by pre-historic man are to be seen at St. Paul, so 
far as Shelby county is concerned, says the tx'pert in this line of investigation. 
A mound thirty-two feet in diameter and nearly six feet high, is built on the 
brow of the terrace bluff overlooking the river in the valle>- and commanding 
a wide view toward "sunrise" between the rocky hills. W'lten explored it con- 
tained human bones, which on exposure, quickly went to dust. They were 
cr)vered with flags supported by a stone wall, indicating a national \'ault or 
grave. Several smaller tumuli, possibly habitation mounds, were seen near 
b}-. Many interesting stoue impleiuents have been found scattered along the 
valley of Flat Rock river, evincing the taste as well as the skill of the ancient 
inhabitants, and if not their permauent h.ome. this was at times a favorite 
hunting and visiting locality. 


When th.e white race first settled America it \\as believed that the conti- 
nent was pe.i])led by one family of Indians, and that they had one language, 
with a few modifications, as the English language has when spoken in different 
sections of the world. P)Ut this false notion did not long prevail among the 
white people who found that there vv'ere manv tribes and dialects, all unknown 
one to the other. 

niAinviCKs iiisTORV OF siini.r.v co., ixn. 4^ 

The i>i-iricip;il (livisinn known at this time is the Alg' .n(|iiin. enilnvu-ini;-. 
am. ng- nthcr i-o\veiful trihes. the -Miamis, rec ynized as i-ne "f the nmst per- 
fcet type?, aiul one nf the ninst extensive on the eonlincnt. Next in rank tn 
the Miamis, if, indee.l tliey are m t cntitleil to tlie first pkace, are the Deki- 
waies. The Deiawaies are the irihe wliieli the hi>i.My of Shelliy c.iunty h.-us 
mostly to (leal with. 

Sehooleraft. a on.ul authority on Indian tribal rcla.tions. says that this 
great Indian trihe had tlieir homes on the Atlantie. <ni the Delaware arid Sus- 
quehanna and the tributaries of these great rivers. Here it was that pcaee- 
ful William Vev.n found them and made his first treaty with them in i'SSj. 
Thev were a powerful nation during Penn's lifetime, and lived on terms of 
peaee with the whites. After Penn's death things suddenly ehangcd. Prior 
to 1736 Ih.e powerful federati(>n of the Six Xatr t.s had waged sueeessful war 
against one of the divisions of the Delawares. a'.id had compelled it to acknowl- 
edge its suprem;icv. Thev claimed that by right of conquest they had acquired 
the ownership, not onlv of the lands belonging to the conquered portion, but 
to the whole territory belonging t 
the knowledge of the rightful o\\ 
right and title to the whites. 

A few years later, the Delawares were dr 
bevor.d the Alleghany mountains: the}' 
of the river ^lahoning in Western Pennsylvania. 

time, btit civilization kept up its ever march toward the sinking sun, and the 
sullen savages disdaining enlightenment of white men, retired constantly to the 
gloom of their native forests. Their next stopping places were in Eastern and 
Central Indiana, and parts of Ohio. Here they remained until liy treaiies made 
from time to time, they extinguished tlieir title to all the rich domain, and 
agreed to go beyond the ^ilississippi river. 

The last and most important treaty made with the Delawares v/as that 
of 1818. which was as follows: 

Articles of a treaty with the Delawares at St. Mary's, in the state of Ohio, 
between Jonathan Jennings, Lewis Cass and Benjamin Parke, commissiiniers 
of th.e P'nited States, and the Delaware Indians. 

Article i. The Delaware Nation of Indians cede to the United States, 
all their claims to land in the state of Indiana. 

Article 2. In consideration of the aforesaid cession, the I'nitcd States 
agrees to provide for the Delawares a country to reside in upf)n the west side 
of the ]\Iississii)pi river, and to guarantee to them peaceable possession of the 

Article 3. The United States also agrees to pay the Delawares the full 
value of their improvements in the country hereby ceded, which valuation sh.all 
be made bv persons tri be ajjpointed for that purpose liv the President of the 


,arei : 

they made 

a trea 



.f the 

soil, t 


;■ tb.eir 



•ere <h 

•i^•en f 

rom their h. 



d passed 

y bull 

t theii 

: wigwams 



ic banks 


Here they 

sojourned for a 

.jT) l-uai'vick's insTciuv or siii-.i.r.v cu.. ixis. 

I'nitc'l Sratc>. and t>> tuniish t!ie Dclawaros witli n'.u' liumlrfil ami lucmy 
hiTM-s. 11' 't to exceed in value f.n-ty dollars each, and a sullicieiii nf ])iiM,-ues 
tr. aid in transporting- tlicni t" the wc-i ?id,e of the Mi>si>sii)i)i river, and a 
(|uanlii\" ol" provi^imi?^ iM'iipMni.aied t<> their nunihers. and the extent nf their 

Article 4. The IX-huvares shall he all-wed the nse ot" occupati.-n nf iheir 
!nipni\i.nient> 1'. ir the term nf three years from the date "i this treaty if they 
s<'. long" reipiire it. 

Article 5. The I'nited States agree to i)ay to the Delawares a perpetual 
annuity of four thousand dollars ($4,000), which together with all annuities 
-which the United States by former treaty agreed to ])ay them, sliall ])e paid in 
silver any place to which the Delawares may renmve. 

Article C\ The I'nited States agree to provide and >upp>in a hlacksmith 
for the Delawares, after their removal tn the west side of the Mi-;sis.-ippi. 

Article 8. A sum not exceeding tlnTteen thousand three hund.rtd twelve 
dollars and twcnty-tive cents (813,312.25) shall be paid by the I'ni'.ed States 
to satisfy certain claims against the Delaware Xation. 

Article 9. This treaty after it shall be ratified by the l'resid<.-nt and Sen- 
ate, shall ije binding on tlie contracting' parties. 

In testimony the said Jonathan Jennings, Lewis Cass and Ben.janiin 
Parke, aforesaid, and the chiefs and warriors of the Delaware Xatinn of In- 
dians, have hereunto set their hands at St. Mary's, in the state of Ohio, this 
23d day of October, 1S18. 

(sigxf.u) jox.xtiiax jlcxx ixcs, 

Lewis Cass. 
Bexja.mix 1'akke. 

While the Delawares were permitted to remain in this terr-turx- for three 
Years after the said treaty described above, there were in fact but few here at 
the end of that period. Those that did remain were peaceable and gave the 
settlers no trouble. Indeed sn slKirt a time did they remain after the white 
settlers came in. that but little may be said of them in connection with the 
settlement made by the white race. We draw not from imagination. Irut from 
a well written reminiscence from the ready pen of the venerable Isaac Wilson. 
Avho was but twelve years of age when'he accompanied his father, wlio, by the 
way. was Shelby count\-'s first white settler. When an agefl and well matured. 
■well posted man, ^Mr. Isaac Wi'snn wrote these words: 

"Ijy the terms of the trc-aty of Octr,l.)cr. 1818. the Ind.ians reserved the 
right to remain and Innit and trap in the Xew Purchase I'or tlie >pace nf three 

ClIADW ICK S niSroKV (11 SlIIl.l'.V CO.. INI). ^7 

M-ars. -\ii(l ihin'ni;- ihis peri' d tliiTO wore i 'CcasiMn;'.] (.•ncaiiiiiinent-; ■>f '.lie ii-il 
iiH-ii in \arious pan.-; <<{ wliat i,-; mnv Sliclliv ci iruv. Near Marian, laiiic^ 
\\]]<n:i eMal)li>liol a ira.lint^- i^ -^i an>l (.•XL-han-cl 'o>ar>c clothin-. blanks;-, 
tliiit.s. kni\c>. etc.. h^r i'ui> i1h'_\- l)r.:u-lil in. Siimelinie< as ln\--li as a liuivlri'il 
\i\i lo possibly nut hi.inih'L->l aii.l ih'iy wiaild ci nic- in iHis \)>'-l in a single ilav. 
As a general thing, they were (|uiri and friendly, and gave little irmible m- 
alarm to the whites. During the entire winter nt iSi()-_'(). twd Indiati fam- 
ilies remained encani])ed within lialf a mile of ^^r. \\"il-~on"< home. Their 
names were Pislian Ouennm and Captain C'anam. Their h' u-ehold eonsi-ied 
solely of themselves and their wives. The latter having but little to do dm-ing 
the hunting seas(_;n often called on ^Irs. Wihou. ()ne one occasion thev arid 
their husbands were invited to tea and to sjiend the evening. The ladies ar- 
rived first, mounted on hand-ome ])onies and sealed upon perfectly beautiful 
side-saddles. The horns of the saddles, also the slii)per> in the siirruijs. 
were literally covered with gi-aceful silver bands of their own workmanshi]). 
Their toilets consisted of colored calico chemise, with ruffles upon the neck, 
bosom and wrists, brick-cloth leggins. moccasins, highly ornamentetl with 
beads and porcupine quills, together with the indispensable blanket. Their 
arms, both above and below the elbow, were encased in silver bracelets, tlu'ec- 
fourths of an inch in width : upon their bosoms thev wore l)r'iaches nearlv as 
large as an ordinary tea-saucer. At the table they and their hn-^bands h.andled 
the tea cu]js and knives and forks in a most civilized mau'.ier. In the ci iner- 
sation but one at a time took part. A little boy of ?^Irs. Wilson's was iIk- obieet 
of much caressing to the Indians — especially the ladies. When thev were ab' .ut 
to depart, after spending a very pleasant evening, one of ihem took her hus- 
band apart, and after talking and laughing a liiile sprang toward t!ie little 
white baby boy. clasped her hand around the instep of his tiny foot, then placed 
the heel 1>etween. Iter thumb and linger, and extended her hand lengthwise of 
the foot, at the same time calling the attention of her husband, wlio gave a 
short grunt, as if to .say. 'all right.' Xot long afterward. v>hen she visited !Mrs. 
\\"ilson again, she caught up the baby and put upon his chubby little feet a 
beautiful pair of moccasins. They fitted as neatly as a pair of kid gloves. 
This pleasant incident indicates not only the friendly relations that exi.-ted. but 
also a degree of refinement we ilo not look for among the aborigines." 

Mr. Wilson conlinue> in his narrative and in si)eaking of Chri-iian In- 
dians, remarks : 

"One day a settler whose caljin was near the bank of Sugar Creek, where 
the Indians had come to hunt, went to them for the purpose of trading dogs. 
It was in tlie morning of a beautiful Sabbath day. As he approached their 
camp, he was surpri-ed to see them all collected logcther. sitting ujjon the 
ground in a circle, in the center of which one of their n.umber was reailir.g 
from a Ij.hA-. That book prove<l to lie the Xew Testament, in the Delaware 

were 1 


they A 

A'crc firm 


1 thv..UL;l: 


la'jginge. The settler tell much rehukeu when lie ImuikI the 
tlie Sahhath day by tlic worshii) oi Gml. 

"Their i(le;is i,i Christianity were few ami .Mmple. Ini 
and steadfast in their faitli. and stated that thev had been c 
the labiirs oi a mi.'-siunary by the name ui McCoy. 

"Some time after the Indians had all gone, a family of fifteen, iir twenty 
returned and camped on Lewis Creek, five miles below Shelbxville. ]\1\' recnl- 
lectiou of it is that it was in the fall of 1X^3; and as the_\ were some distance 
frtmi an}- \\hite settlement, and peacea1j!e. they were permitted to remain and 
trap raccoon and niuskrat. While there the following occurence took place: 
One Lewis Buskirk. who had entered and settled upon what was later the Guy 
Johnson farm, purchased a horse at Lebanon. Ohio. The a.nimal escaped from 
his new master ar.d returned to Lelianon. pursued, by Buskirk on fo(.i and 
alone. After he had been gone several days his friends became a.hinned be- 
cause of liis continued absence, and at once concluded that th.e Indians had 
killed him. A compan_\' was at once raised, consisting of John C. Walker, 
then Sheriff, William George and James Goodrich, J. M. Young, William 
.Morris, James H. Lee, Ximo'd Gatewood and some others, all well armea, 
and marclied into the Indian camp un Sabliath morning. To their great sur- 
prise they found the red men engaged in worship. After the services had 
concluded they were greeted by the Indian minister who inquired of tliem why 
tliey carried gims on the Sabbath. This no gootl. said he." 

'J'he white men then told the Indians there was a man missing, and that 
it was the siippobition that they had murdered him. and fearing the result 
they had come to advise them to leave, which the_\ agreed to ilo in three davs. 
as soon as they could get ready. Before tlie time had expired thev had 
struck tents and departed for tlie far West. Buskirk returned from Lebanon 
with his horse in a few days, but not until tlie Ii.djans were well on their way 
west. Near the house of Esquire Wells in Marion township is the grave of 
one of this U'jble race, and tradition says that it is the last resting place of 
one of their distiuguislied xxarriors — one of the Delaware tribe. At eacii 
recurring anniversary of the death of this celebrated warrior chief, if such 
he was, the remnant of the tribe that inhabited this section would gather at 
this consecrated spot, and the exercises as described by pioneer Wilson, as 
follows : 

"Quite a number of Indiians came to my latitcr's cabin. <jne bright spring 
morning and borrowed of my a coffee pot, into which they poured a 
quart of whisky. They then proceeded to the grave, forming a circle there- 
abouts, with the spokesman at the head, rle lifted the coffee-pot to his mouth 
as if in the act of drinking, and tlicn ])assed an-und the circle three times, 
each one pretending to drink the contents. This Isaxing been done thev fi ilflerl 
their arms ar.d stood for niinutes in the attitude of solemn mcfjitation or silent 

Cll \1>\V1CK's IIKSTOUV ok SHULIiV CO., INU. 49 

,„-.iyLr. The leader ilicn eniplird the vessel ai the lica.l c.f the grave of llie 
dead hero, after wliieli tlie hand di^l)er^ed.'■ 


Shelhv is uiie of t!ie central counties of Iiuliana, and its northwest corner 
comes within a few miles of the slate cajjital. h is bounded on the nortli by 
llaiicnek county, on th.e east by Ru^li and Decatur counties, (jn the scuitli by 
Decanu- and<.nicw counties and on the west by Johnson and .Marian. 
Its l)readth is seventeen miles fnnn ea>t to west, while it is twenty-t'. uir miles 
from north to south. It contains two hundred sixty-one thousand one hundred 
twenty acres of land. 

The face of the country is divcrsilicd. Around Xorristown llierc are 
lari^e and beautiful fields that skin hills of identic slope. Around Mount 
Auburn there is land that resembles the rolliuL;- prairies of llie far famed 
Missouri valley. Around }>Iorristown one .sees both highlands and lowlands, 
studded with farms that will bear comparison with any portion of the United 
States, .\gain. along the Flat Rock one sees a variety of scenery, hill and 
dale, plateau and undulation. Over this entire scope, embracing over two 
hundred and sixty thousand acres of land, the soil will bear the closest 
scrutiny of actual lest. 

Droughts never have afflicted this section of the state. Streams of pure 
water, clear and fresh, pass over pebbly Ixnioms and traverse the country m 
almost any given direction. The eight principal water have a total 
length of one hundred and forty miles, furnishing plenty of water for farm. 
stock and mechanical purposes. Along these various streams there is a fine. 
rich bottom land of extra fertile soil. 

Xear the present village of St. Paul there has long i)een worked exten- 
sive quarries of a very superior article of limestone. The strata extends for 
more than five miles around and afford an abundance of choice building 
material for both city and country. 


Of the geological formation of this county, let it be stated that, while 
some have termed' the county tiat and low. the fact remains that Cincinnati. 
Ohio, is four hundred thirty-two feet above sea-level, while Shelbyville has 
an altitude of seven hundred fifty-seven feet. Shelbyville is also about one 
hundred feet higher than the city of Indianapolis and two hundred and fifty 
feet higher than lake Michigan. 

The surface deposits are chiefly derived frotn the glacial drift, subse- 
quentlv modified by fiuviatile action. Hence, while the soil is compr.sed oi 
fine impalpable clays, extensive Ijeds of sand and gravel are found iKiieath 
the surface, and in the valleys and streams. 


50 CIIADWICK's history of SHELBY CO., IXD. 

*Al ilic close of the glacial eiHich. this region was very deeply covered 
with howlder drift, as is plainl_\- imlicaletl l_i_\- liigii mounds and ridges of 
gravel and huwlders, reaching in height the .-umniit level of the cnuniy. They 
-indicate the enormous erosive agencies wliich have s\ve])t frum north, to 
sonth in this locality, and which have carried away the clays and hner ma- 
terials, and left behind them the bowlders and gravel as indices and monu- 
ments of the depth which these deposits originally had. 

In the western part of Shelby connty the soil is somewhat modified by 
admixture of detrital matter from the underlying shales, and hence the dark 
color and its tenacious character. In the central and more eastern portions 
of the county it is modified by a generous admixture of calcarions material 
from the lime rocks beneath. 

The rocky beds of this county cnniprise the Devi^nian and the u])per part 
of the Sihu-ian formation. The black slate of the former under-runs the west 
and southwest sides of the county. The lime rock beds of the devonian con- 
tain but few fossils, and the whole exhiljit a thickness of from eighty to one 
hundred and fifty feet. 

The rocks of the Silurian period succeed in age and come out to the sur- 
face from beneath the Devonian period formation in the central and eastern 
parts of the countv, and are from forty tu seventy feet in thickness. They 
contain a great many interesting- and well preserved fossils, which illustrate 
the life of the ancient ocean, whose deep v.'aters rolled over this region and 
upon whose muddy bott<im these animals li\ed and at last perished. 

The St. Taul and Waldron beds have long been a school to scientists 
of the world, illustrating the geological reports of many neighboring states, 
and filling museums and cabinets with beautiful and interesting trophies of 
the long ago past. 

As earlv as 1S76 the Centennial history of this county had this to say 
concerning tlie stone found at St. Paul: "This stone varies in color from a 
bluish dove to a light gray, and is in strata of from a few inches in thickness 
to several feet, averaging alxjut twenty inches. The colored stone has a 
great capacitv for resisting fracture under weight, and is used in piers, lime 
work, water-tallies and monumental bases. The gray stone is equally compact 
and adapted for door and window caps and casing columns. Subjected to 
the greatest tests known to science, this stone in endurance and all qualities 
required by the architect, is fully equal to the best. It has been used in many 
of the public buildings Jn this region of the state, and a demonstrative example 
of its merit and true excellency may be seen in the court house, at Indian- 
apolis, the modest colors contrasting well with the neutral tints of r)ther hme 
stones. This building material commands a ready market in the cities of the 
\\'est as well as Xorth and South. In 1S7; there were shipped four thousand 
four hunilred eigh.ty-nine car loads of this stone. 

CHAI'll'-l'l \'. 


The scUleiiicnt of SIk-IIa- cnniUy is (li\ ided intr. two period? — that of tlie 
Indian IradLT, always in the vanguard of civilization in America, and the 
actual settlement of the white man, who came to remain, as a true builder 
of a great commonwealth. He came, he saw. he conquered and the present 
generation owe to him tlie great advantages they enjuy in iliis the early years 
of the twentieth century. W'liile tinged with sadnes^;. yet it is ever pleasant, 
to recall the scenes coincident witli the settlement uf any omntry. IMeasant, 
because in fanc) , we see dear faces again. Sad, because they have long since 
passed to the great unknown, and do not mingle with us, their pn^sterity, only 
in fancv and hallowed memory. It was more than ninety years ago that 
■white men first looked upon the fair domain now known as Shelby coimly, 
Indiana. Their sons and daugh.ters have seen the wilderness of tlicii Moss<jm 
into the rose of toiiay. 

At the date of admission of Indiana into the Union, the Delaware tribe 
of Indians occupied this section of the "lloosier" state, and used it as tb.eir 
hunting grounds. Here they chased the deer and brought him down with 
how and arrow. Here they fished in the rippling streams that had been tiowing 
on toward the great sea for time unknown to man. If not this tribe, certain 
it is that this country was roamed over by other than civilized men and 
women. By a treaty with the United States C.overnmeiu. this tribe rclir.- 
■quished all right an.d title to the lands within this county. October. iSiS. 

Prior to this date but fev>-. if any. white men had trod this soil. It is 
believed that the first of our race were French traders who had dealings with 
the Delaware Indians, and also the whites traxeling from Detroit to \'inccnnes. 
by way of old Fort Valonia, in Jackson county. Following the White river 
and tributaries, they must have gone through wliat is now Shelby county. 
Tlie first one positively known to have entered this territory was William 
Conner, an In.dian trader, who at that time liad a trading post at the present 
site of Conr,crs\-ille. Early in 1816 lie lloated d.nvn Mat Rock river in a 
small boat filled with such goods as he could trade to the Indians for furs. 
Uater he traveled along the course of Blue river, and to bands of Indians that 
camped along its banks he became a welcome guest. In fact, he was often 
later on in hist,,rv. knr.wn as the "Father of Central Ind.iana:" was a true 
tvpe of a stalwart fr.jntiersman ar,d through his intimate relations with the 
Indian tribes found here, was able to give General Harrison, in days of Indian 


trouMes. iiiucli valuaMe intorniatioii. In' which thiC red men were Iniallv 
subdued in Indiana. 

\\"ilii the intelh'gence being made known in I-"raukliii count}- that tlie Dela- 
ware treaty had been ratiiied. Jacob W'hetzci .started for this section of tlie state, 
blazing his \va_v through the dense forest land, from Brookfield to White river. 
This trail thus established by his ax. passed through what is now Shelliy 
comity, in a norlhwesterl}- direction, and crossed the Blue river aljout four 
miles and a half north of the present site of Shelby vide. The Wdu-tzcls. 
Jacob and Cyrus, with their families, returned to the bluffs of \\"hite river 
in 1819. and permanently settled there. Richard Thcjrnbcrry settled at the 
point where W'hetzel had crossed the Flat Rock, now in Rush county. James 
Wilson, accompanied liy a man named Logan, and one named Hanna. followed 
the blazed trail to wliere it crossed Big Blue river, and became the iirsl actKa! 
scltlcrs in Shclb}' county. 


Here in the wilds of a "'green glad solitude." Mr. Wilson and his party 
felled the trees, from a forest never before ti.uched with the true steel of a 
woodman's ax. and with these trees made into suitable logs, erected the first 
log house. It was sixteen feet square, had a slab or puncheon floor and a 
stick and clav chimney. The location of this rude but very useful cabin was 
on section i6, }vIarion township, about three hundred yards from where later 
stood the better made house of "Scjuire Wells. 

After the cabin was under roof. ;>dr. Wilson left his sons to complete 
the structure, while he returned home and brought his first load of goods. 
He remained a few days, was much pleased at his future home prospects and 
returned home again, arriving late in Decemljer. iSiS. New Year's day. 1S19. 
the father, motlier. Isaac H. (then a boy of but twelve years of age) four 
little sisters, and the baby boy, bade farewell to the scenes of Franklin county 
and started en tlieir jwous journey to the home just being established in 
Shelby countv. The sons, William. Jonathan and Wesley, having been hard 
at work in the meantime getting the cabin ready for real winter quarters for 
the famih'. A deep snow had fallen and severe was the day. The creeks 
were frozen over, v.hich enabled them to cross en the ice. until they reached 
Flat Rock river, where the wheels broke through the none too thick ice. After 
some delay, the load was safely landed on the right side of the stream, but 
being thus belated, they did not reach the new home in the forests of Sh.clby 
county until ten o'clock at night of the third day after starting out. The 
three men. grown sons, had lieen expecting them and had lx:cn thoughtful 
in that they had killed and had roasting a fine venison, which was steaming 
and sending forth its savory smells to greet ar.d tempt the hungry new- 



conuTS. And who shal! say. tliat there in the -lariiitr Hglit of that nule tire- 
p!ace witliin a new ly buih cabin, there was not a royal meeting and a happy 
family, though pc«r in this world's actual possessions? This is the story of 
the coming of the first family of white persons to Slielby countv. \'ast the 
changes since that cold winter night in January. 1S19. 

Not content to be in a wilderness alone with his family. Mr. Wilson in- 
duced his friend and trusty neighbor. Bennett Michael, of Fairfield.. Franklin 
county, who was by trade a shoemaker. Init not a successful business man. to 
pull up there antl cast his lot in this county. He provided this shoemaker 
with a small cabin, situated near that of his own. Tims we have traced the 
coming and settlement of two, the first two, settlers in this cr.imty. To 
enumerate all wlio came in soon, is not possilile at this late date in the liiJtory of 
the county, now almost a century old. There are. however, records in earlier 
histories of this county, taken from relia]>le sources, including the entries of 
the land offices, to show the names of quite a goodly number of the pioneer 
band which commenced home-building in the count\-. 

In the spring of 18^0 Benjamin Raster. John I'oreman, John Smith and 
Henry Fishel, with families all located on the school section in r^Iarion town- 
ship, as now known. A list of those who made subsequent settlements in 
:\Iarion v.'ill be f..inid elsewhere, in cor.nection with -First Events" in the 

Immediately after the signing of the Indian treaty, the government had 
tliis land sur\-eyed out. The parties who executed such worlc iii^ Shelbv countv. 
were as follows: \\'. B. Laughlin. completed his survev 23. '1819; A. 
Wallace, July 23. 1S19: B. Bcntly. May 31, 1S19; Abraham Lee. fuA 22. 
1819: John Hendricks, April 20. 1820. 

The land office at BroikviHe was opened for the sale of lands the first 
iMonday in October. 1S20, and almost instantly settlements were made 
tiiroughout the entire countv. 

By some it is affirmed that a settlement was effected in what is nov,- 
Flanover township, as early as the latter part of 18 19, by Joseph Hewitt and 
Firman Smith. The Yankee settlement at Freeport was among the most 
prosperous of the earlv settlements. 

In Addi.son township the first settlement was eitected in the northwestern 
corner and was many years styled 'A\"ray's Settlement."' The pioneers in that 
section of the county were. Rev. James \\'ray, Isaac and James Tenupleton, 
Samuel and John Xail. Zeboniah S'ubbs. James ^.lontgomery. Zebedee and 
Barnabas Wray. all natives cf Xorih Carolina. In and about Shelbwille. tiic 
Hendrickses, Goudriches. Walkers. Davi'^sor.s. .Mayhews, Wingates'and Wil- 
liam.s, with others whose names have been mentioned in the vari.vas chapters 
of this Mork. 

In Jackson townsltip. the "Haw Patch Settlement." three miles to the 

54 ciiadwick'.-; iustorv or siielhy co., ind. 

ii.nnhca-t uf F(linlllll-,!,^ w a> ciio of tlie cailic-t made in Shflliv c.mmy. Mair. 
of tlic early-day citizens of this township hecanie piMminent in the affairs of 
the county. Among one oi tiie earliest to Incate there was dil. Hiram All- 
dredge, who was ajtpointcd hy the County llMard of Commissioners, at their 
first term in i88j. to the oihce of Cwuniy Clerk, lie faithfully attended to 
the manifold duties of this office milil his death in the tliinies. Other pron^.i- 
nent men of Jack-on township were. Judge Josei)h Dawson, the Rev. James 
Clark, MosesPruiii. Judge Josliua B. Lucas, Zachariah Collins, Rev. .\lfred 
f'hetps. Ivorv II. l.eggett. Dr. Benjamin .Sanders. John Cuisinger. Jacol) 
Wirlz. Da\id and Jesse Scott. Ahiier Coniu'V. John ami ( ieorge Warner and 
Dr. A. J. Treon. 

In tlie southeastern part of Shelley county there were few. if any. squat- 
ters on land, hut soon after the survey liad heen completed .Mexander \'anpelt 
came with his family and settled at the mouth of Comfs creek, in what later 
was kn'Wvn as Xohlc t..\vnship. Others who came about the same date were: 
Arthur Ma-jor. Isaac .\very. Joshua and Daniel \\'illiams. William Major. 
Mathias Floyd, John and Anderson Wintcrrowd, Peter Bailey and Jonathan 
Paul. The last named was a conspicuous fgure in th.e setticmeni of both 
Shelby and Decatur counties. 

During the year ]8_m. the settlers came into th.e county ?■! raiiidly that it 
is not possible to give them in the order in which they made settlement in 
various parts of tiie county. 


The land-oftk-e was opened at Brookville, in the month of October, 18.20. 
an<l during the next three months, or thereabouts. th,e following entries of land 
were made to settlers : 

To'.-ushipElcirn. Eunice 5— Jesse Sont, John G-llins Archibald CorfiM^.. 
Jesse Cole. Merry McGuire. Joseph Dawson, C. C. Tires. George Graliam, Jolm 
A. Wilsr,,!. Will'iam S'.ayback. Moses Pruitt. Henry Warmen. John Priest, 
Daud Jol-.nson, David Scott. Isaac Wilson. Thomas Gwynn. 

Toi.'iisliip Eh-zvii. Range 6 — James McCoy, .\rthur Major. Samuel 
Ward. |Ose;)h Reice. Lewis Drake, Anion Belts, \\"illiam Campbell. Jeremiah 
I-ong. Alexander \'anpelt. Abraham Lee, .Aaron .-\therton. .-\ugulla Cro>s. 
Samuel Walker. Moses Wiley. Ithamer Drake. Job M.">re. William ]^.^vers. 
Amos Iliggins, Daniel H<ck. Jamc-~ Record. Alariin Cheney, Leonard Cutler, 
Adam Scenv, Willis Tow, David Garard, Benjamin L.nsley, Harvey Brown, 
Charles Col'lett, Judah Tingle, Jolm \'arard, James Campbell. J.ames Tliomp- 
sof.. T. D. Conrev. 

'ro:.-i:s!up Tccchr. Raiisr G-T'eter .Vndrews. Charles Hubbard, Hugh 
Crmpbell, Xathan Simpson. John Fancher. Fd. Toner. Jerre Campbell, James 


Tfl:.-us!nl^ Thirteen. Rain^c r,_Williani Croddv. S. G. iruiUiii-trm, James 
Jolmson. J. Kopli Rnli, Matthew Campliell. 

Toz>.-nship Eli-rcii. Raiii^r 7 — Isaac Avery, Georjjc Palmer, ]1. Icwett. 

Tozciishit^ Thirteen. Ran'-e 7— jac(<l) I'wx, Jane Sleeili, William Sleetli. 
William Fnuts, D.-iviil I-'islu-;-, IV-njamin Williams. Jame- William^, i:;nies 
Greer. Thomas 1!. P.n.wn. A. Wallace, S. Lewis. Thomas Ilar^ev, ]nhn X, 
Cobert, J..lin Walker, Henry Pass, Calvin Kinsley. James Davison. 'William 
Goodrich. John Lane, Thomas Porter, L H. and Lames VounQ-. \'an 

Township Fourteen. Range 7 — Resin i:)avis. PL, Lucas, Joseph Hewitt, 
Joshua Wilson, Richard Tyner. James Griffin, ^^■illiam Joliii-.".n, 1\ Kitehcll, 
Eleazer Busham, S. M. Cole. Pcnjamin Cole. Xatlian Davis. 

To-wns/iip EleT'en. Range 8 — George Salery. 

Havino- rednr.ited the chief incidents connected with, tlie varions settle- 
ments made withi'.i this ctiunty. let us linger a momeiit and view what can now 
be learned, after mt long a jieriod of years, CMncerm'ng the real traits nf tlie 
pioneer characters of those whose offsprings still inhabit and make to blo,-«ini 
like the rose, this g-oodly heritage. 

In the settlement of all new countries, there are scxeral elements entering 
into the niake-ui^ .,f tiie community. F(.r c.\am;.Ie. there is always found lb;u 
class of roving- men and women, who come, remain a few months or possiblv 
years: hunt. fish, trap and set a bad influence to others and then wiovc on to 
new fields, where they repeat the same nomadic I'fe, onlv ti. be aiipreciated by 
the better classes when they have forever forsaken the c untrw Then there 
has always been the professional sp-eculati-ir who couk- m with a sound of 
trumpets and flourishes many maps, many |jropositi<;ns to the honest toiler. 
He plats towns, builds mills and factories and establishes bdgliwavs. etc. — but 
c>nl_v in his niinJ— -lie in fact acc"mplisl-,es nothing I'f intrinsic value in the com- 
munity. The real c(^:tnty builders are the men. and women, too, wito have the 
laudable ambitions of life and look to the building of permanent homes, where 
thev may rear and educate their children and at last be buried as honorable 
ar,d praiseworthy citizens, ever aimiu',:- at the right and law-abiding principles 
of the commonwealth in which th.ev live. 

Xot a few of the worthies., shiftless class before nair;ed. found their way 
to the bounds of early-day Shelby c ■unty. This will, in a great measure, ac- 
count for the large number of cases of assault and battery that figured in the 
Courts of tin's C'-iuiUy in the fiist fe^\■ years, or p'.ssifily rlecadcs. in the county's 
settlement, ^'ei. tho'=e da_\ s were remarkably free from real capital crimes. 

Churches scliools were soon estabh^lie-l bv Shelbv countv iiioneers. 


I poll the weisjlitv autlmiity ol n>.nc i.tliur than tlic linn. I'.anial)-i=: C. 
lli-hb,-. ].].. D.. it may lie staled in his lanL^uai^e : "These jjcople were hi.t;h- 
t(ii;c(l and ])atriutic. and liad great regard for law and order. It was not sale 
for anv man to swear profanely when in the presence of any authority that 
c'.-.ild ip.ip-se a I'lne. Men had to obey for wrath if not for conscience. There 
was a slO'ng repugnance U) immorality generall)', h')we\er much the picnple 
might ha\e lieeri deficient in general culture ov learning. T'ic_\- were iinensely 
lint sincerely sectarian in their religious views. It was at an age cf brave men. 
being scon after the great War of 1S12-14. Though religious they were men 
of honor, and ever held themselves in readiness to vindiciitc their honor by 
hard kn''cks when they thought it necessary." 

Little remains to be added that can be said to l)e historic concerning this 
])cople. Tb.e early, true and actual settlers of Shelby county were men and 
women of industrious habits. coriteiU with small gnins and pileasuves not too 
dearly jiaid for. In brief these people ',\ho tirst set foot on this soil were not 
the type who could create the materials for a real stirring history. T'.ut in the 
language oi another. "Happy is th.e country whose annals are a blank." 

To fully know of the pioneer liardships endured by the real Inidders r.f 
this one of Indiar.a's banner counties one must needs \'k'W th.e domain that it 
embraces as seen in the years of its first settlement. Hence, let us pull away 
the screen that di\'ides the early past from the prosperous present and gain a 
better understan.ding cf the premises, as they then existed. 

This was not an inviting prairie-land, such as enchanted the pioneer band 
in the .settlement of Illinois. Iowa and other true prairie countries. Xo — this 
was an unbroken boundless, almost impenetrable woodland, where the kings 
of ilie great forest had lield sway mar.y centuries. The jjeople who CiUie here 
were mostly from Ohio. Pennsylvania, the Carolinas. Virginia and Kentucky. 
They were nearly, if not all. poor and usually, after entering and paying the 
g'enera! gi 'vcmment its price f'-r an eighty-acre tract of land, had not one dollar 
left to begi!i the improvement on tl.e same. Quoting th.e eloquent language of 
anotlicr — an eye witness, who has long since been niuubered with the h.onored. 
hut departed dead of the county, who said: "Without money, and without the 
assistance which mimey always brings, they had come here to make war upon 
Xature in o-.ic of tlie must forbidding forms. Where now we may see broad 
fields and wide jiasture^ of open woodland, then the thickly standing oak. the 
poplar, the bLCch. the maple, and the ash stood chisely intertwining their limbs. 
\\ b.en clothed in tiicir summer verdure, a shade so deep and dark was produced 
as t'l shut oiu the sun from ^lay to October. From the damp earth below 
sprang a growth of up.d.erbrush, so den^e that it presented in many places an 


impein.'traMc barrici' to tlie liorscman. and in st.nic in^tancc> alni^^t inacreS'^ible 
to the iV'L'lman. In cumicction with this. Id it be borne in niiml iliat the i'ri;-l 
lands, wliieh occuijv sd large a space in Shelb}- county, were at that time inun- 
dated more than (me-halt of tlie year. The forests were checkered over with 
the trunks of trees — si^me newly fallen., some sunk half their diameter in. the 
oozy soil, and these laying- in every direction, closed the drains until there was 
scarcely any escajjc for the flood, sa\'e by the slow jirocess of evaporation and 
percolation. The soil, rich as it was and is, in organic matter chemically mix- 
ing witli the watery element, rendered the paths and \\i>ods almor;i untraver- 
sible for man oi" beast. 

'"Tiiere were no great roads upon which to travel : there were no markets in 
which to buy or sell: there were no broad fields in which to raise grain for 
liread. Under these circumstances, unpropitious as they were, the pioneer set- 
tlers were compelled to maintain themselves and families. We may well 
imagine that it was in many instances a very hard struggle for life." 

Such was Shelby county four score and seven years ago. It was for- 
bidding and gloomy and the prospect bad indeed. But the men who had come 
here went to work with a dauntless courage and uncon.|uerab!e energy. Thcv 
bore cheerfully and contentedly the toils and h.ardshi])s ?,]\i\ privations of the 
herculean task before ihcm. buoyed up liy the hope of leaving to their children 
a good inheritance. 

The result is seen today. They labored and we reap tlie harvest of all 
that is good and excellent in character, and are counted one among- the best 
counties within Indiana. 


There is always more or less curiosity clustering about the "first events" 
of any sectiijn of the country settled. There are children — some and grand- 
children many — living within this county who will read with a just pride and 
due interest the narraticjn of th.c first happenings of this goodly portion of the 
Hoosier state, where their forefathers first settled and erected their rude l<ig 
cabiii houses and made their first "clearing" in-im out tlie native I'orests. It is 
for the benefit of sitch persons, as well as the future h.istorian. that the follow- 
ing "first event" list is published in this work: 

First actual settler was James ^^'ilson. who came in Xovember, iSiS. Tlie 
location was on the southwest (juarter of secti'.in 9, township 13, range 7, east. 

First town site was Marion, located in v.diat is now Marion township (be- 
fore the county's organization, and in 1820. by James Wilson and John Sleeth. 
It was named for Gen. F"rancis Marion, of Revolutionary fame. 

b'irst birth in the county was that of Miss Martha Raster, daugh.ter of 
Eenjamin and Priscilia Raster. 


siiFi.r.v CO.. ixi 

Tlie fir^t (lealli recorded is that of Saiinud Riulcr. in the >lirino- of 1821. 
iMrst niarriao-e in tlie county was that of Ah'x Souiniers to Miss Xancy 
Sleeth. May 16. 1822. Cercmonv solemnized liy Rev. Henry Loqan. tlic first 
minister who appears on record. 

First will was nia.le h\ Jaeoh Le-vi>. on March 4. i8jj. 
First dwelling- of any kind erected within the county was th.e log' cal>in. of 
pioneer James Wilson. 

First house huilt in Shelbyville was that of Fran^-is Walker, aiul it stood 
on the northwest crner of W'ashinsft'-'n and Tompkins streets. 

First public building- was the school-house erected on the I'ublic square, 
in the town of }*Iarion. as early as the autunin of i8ji. It was built of l'g;s 
and was in size, si.xteen by eighteen feet. 

First school teacher was Jonathan M. \\'il-'>n. who was paid seventy- 
five cents per scholar. 

First court-house was built in 1825. 

■ First court that convened in Shiel'iy county was the term beginning Oc- 
tober 10. 1822. 

First judges were Hons. John Sleeth ai-id \\'illiam Goodrich. 
First court bu-Mncss was to admit five applicants \o practice :is attorneys at 
law "in this court." 

I'irst Prosecuting- Attorney in the county was lliram W. Curry. Fsq. 
First oath of allegiance was administered to J;>!in X. Calvert, a former 
subject of Great Britain and Ireland. 

The first instrument placed on record within Shelby county was a war- 

rantv deed of David and Eeniah Guard to J(.'hn J. Lewis, dated June 25. 1822. 

'The first election took place at the forks of a tree on the Shelbyville pul- 

lie square, for the purpose of electing a major of the militia and resulted ni the 

election of Major Ashbel Stone. 

First flour mill and saw rnill in the ounty was built by John Walker, in 
1822. upon the site later occupied by Shelby Mills. 

First postmaster was William Little and the letter postage rate was twenty- 
five cents a letter. 

First Grand Jury in the county was in session in ^S22. and consisted of 
the following- gen tl erne r, : Jame- Gregory f foreman ) . Jc-e Bird. Abel Cole, 
Zachariah Collins. Flenry Shearer. Zadock Plummer. 


The following were th.e first actual settlers to settle in the tow-n of Marion. 
Clarion low-nship: 

Da\ id I'isher. John Finnan. P.alser Fo.x. James Grier. Benjamin Hodges, 
Benjamin Raster. Bennett Michan. Adam Rhodes. John Sleeth. John Smith. 
Abel S<.:n-imers. lames Wil^jn. 




Joseph Campbell. Jnnics Davison. William Goodrich. Xathan Goodrich, 
George Goodrich. William Hawkins, John Hendricks. Tamc^ Lee. William 
Little. Ezra ^JcCahe. Fli<lia Maylicw. Sr.. K!i<lia Mavhew". Jr.. Kr>val Mavliew, 
Sylvan B. ^lorris. J.:)hn Walker. Francis Walker. L^aac H. \\'ilsMn,' Smith' Win- 
gate, Eenjami'.i Williams. J' ihn ]\L Young. 





Jonah Bassett 


.Vbscilom Green . . 


Obediah Xail . . . . 


Svlvester Bassett . . 


Henry Green 


Samuel Xail . . . . 


A. C. Booher 

. iSj^ 

Thomas Goodrich. 


Levi Parish 


Andrew ]. Cherrv. 


Wm. Hankins . . . 


James Patterson . . 

. [8- 

John Cherry ...'.. 

Michael Hinds... 


Michael Rice 

. 18 

Thomas J. Cherry. 


David Houic 


Sam. B. Roliertson 

. 18, 

'William Cherrv . . . 

18 '-^ 

John Houk 


S\(lnev Ril'ertson 

. 18. 

Allen Collins .'.... 

;iS23 Hoffman 


million Robbins... 

. lN_ 

Anderson Collins. . 

. i8-'3 

Jonathan Johnson. 

1 82 3 

Andrew Sleeth. . . 


Eli Collins 


John B. Johnson. 


Caleb Sleeth 


Obediah Cunover. . 

. 1825 

Elias Johnson. . . . 

I 82 5 

Albert Snyder . . . 


George \\'. Davis . . 

. 1S21 

Samaiel Kasier. . . 


Daniel A. Snvder. 


Jolm C. Davis .... 

. 1820 

^^'illiam Kasier. . . 


David Snyder . . . 

. i8 

James Davison. . . . 


\\"niiam La a- ... 


Peter Snyder . . . . 

. i8 

Thomas H. Fleming. 


E. G. :vLayh.nv . . . 


Squire L. A'anpeb 

. 0^ 

Peter D. Gatewood. 


Sam'l ^.lont.gomerv 


Isaac H. Wilson.. 

, iS 

W'm. H. Gatcwood. 


John ^loore ....'. 


Tos. Winterrowd . 

. J 8 

Nathan Goodrich . . 


Jacob Alowry . . . 

Leo H. Worlaud. 

. 18 



A little ni(>rc than a third of a century after the signiing- of the Dcclara- 
tiun of IndependeTiCe. and in iSi(5. Indiana was admitted into the Union o1 
States. Five years later Shelby county was organized liy an iinahling act of 
the State Legislature, the date Iwing December 31, 1S21. 

With this date begins the history proper, of what i^ now Shelby county. 
The act for the formation of the county north of Partholomew county, reads 
as follows: 

Section I. Ce it enacted by the General Assembly of the .state of Indi- 
ana, that from and after the first day of April next, all that part of Delaware 
county contained within the following bounds shall form a separate county 
viz.: Beginning at the southeast corner of sectiiin 35, in. township 11 north, 
range 8. east of a second principal meridian: thence nortli [vicnty-four miles, 
to the northeast corner of section 4, township 14. north of range 8 east; 
thence west seventeen miles to the southwest corner of section 2, township 
14. north of range 5 east ; thence south tvrenty-four miles to the north boundary 
of Bartholomew county ; thence east seventeen miles to the place of beginning. 

Sec. 2. The said new county shall l;e known and designated by the 
name of Shelby oumty, and shall enjoy all the rights and privileges and 
iurisdiction, which t-. separate and independent counties do and may properly 

Sec. 4. The Circuit and all other cnirts of the county of Shelby 
shall meet and be holden at the b.ouse of David Fisher, in said county of 
Shelbv. until suitalde accommodations can l;e had at tlie seat of justice; and 
so soon as said criuntv is satisfied that suitable accommodations can be had 
at the countv seat they shall adjourn their courts thereto, after which time 
tlie cr)urts for the county of Shelby shall be holden at the county seat of Shelljy 

Signed : 

Samuel :\Iilkov, Speaker of the House of Representatives. 
Ratliff Eoox. President of the Sen.ate. 
Approved December 31. 1821. 

joxATiiAX Texxixgs, Govemor. 



Tlie naming of Shelby county was in honor of tliat distingnislicd gen- 
eral of RevouTtionary fame, who became governor of I\.cnlucl<y — Gen. Isaac 
Shelby. Xoi less than a dozen counties in the L'niied States have been 
named for him. He was born near Hagerstown, Maryland, 'December ii, 
1750, and died in Kentucky in July, 18^6. It was in 1813 that he joined Gen. 
\\'il!iam Henry Harrison at the head of four thousand gallant Kentuckians, 
and rendered brilliant ser^•ice in the battle of the Thames and brouglit him 
into intimate association \Vith the people of Indiana. 


The first term of the Commissioners' Court for Shelby county was held 
at the residence of Dayid Fisher, near the town of Alarion. on Tuesday, April 
9, 1822. Haying presented their certificates of election, the oath of oflice was 
administered to Richard Tyner, Joseph Dayidson and Dayid Fisher, who at 
once organized by electing Richard Tyner. president. Hiram Aldredge was 
appointed clerk of the Board and William Dayis County Treasurer, for the 
term of one year. The first official business of the first Board of the newdy 
made county was the division of the county into sub-divisions or townships. 
Four townships were thus made — Union. [Marion, Hendricks and Xoble. civil 
townships. An elecii'in was ordered in each of these four townships, to be 
held April 27111. tVu" the election of Justices of the Peace, the following places 
being designated as polling places : Union township, at the house of Cvrus 
H. Stone: JNIarion township, at the house of John Summer; Hendricks town- 
ship, at the house of Eli Adams; Xoble township, at the house of Samuel 
Drake. Election inspectors were appointed, after wdiich the Board adjourned 
sine die. A special session was held in }*Iay of the same year. Benjamin 
Hodges \\~as appointed "lister" for the year 1822. A superintendent was 
appointed for each school .section of the county, after which the business of 
the session was largely taken up by hearing road petitions, which were 
signed by "divers and sundry" citizens and set forth in glowing terms the 
public utility of tlie proposed lines. The prayer of the petitioners was always 
granted, and viewers appointed to survey and report as to the practicability and 
convenience of such proposed highways. 


The county seat commissioners, appointed h\ the Legislature, were : 
George Eently. Benjamin PUythe, Amos Eoardman. Joshua. Coiib and Fljenezer 
Wart]. They met at the house of David Fisher on the first }iIonday in July, 

62 CIIAOWICk's history Or SIlF.l.BV CO., IND. 

1822. and jji'iicecilod In examine tlie several pi'i'pijjcd site?, iiamely : Vim. 
^farion : seomd, the farm of Isaac Lemaster. who offered a donation of forty 
acres of land: third, the present site of Shelbyville. near the -eo^raphical 
center of the county, where seventy acres were I'ffered,, Major John 
Hendricks, forty acres. James Davison tuenty acres and' Hon. John Walker. 
ten acres. After spending four tkiys in careful deliljeratioii. the commis- 
sioners accei>ted the Shelhyville site and- the announcement was maiie on the 
l'"ourth of July and was the sr)urce of much enthusiasm on the jiart of the 
throngs wlici had luet to celeljrate the Xati^>nal ]ndei)endence Day. C>f 
course, as would be looked for. some rejoiced, while others lisiened to the 
announcement with deeji regret, if not in bitterness. Criticism was rife in 
the county and for years the decision was thought to have been an unwise 
one on the part of the commissioners appointed by the Legislature for the 
purpose. The ])rincipal cause for this criticism was the fact that for a numlier 
of years the town site of Shell\v\-ii1e was partly CAered with water a good 
share of the year. On the contrary, the other proposed sites were on high 
and dry lands. But. all in all. the ccnml)- sea.t difiirulty in Shelliy county was 
settled without the usual ain.ount i.^f tn.ulile, litigation and bitterness that has 
characterized many another county in this and other states. 

The Board of County Commissioners met in special session. July 5th. 
and accejited the report, which detincs tJie boundaries of the doii.ated lands 
as follows : 

''Coiumer.cir.g at a ,-take di\"iding sections 5 and 6. in range 7. east of the 
second principal meridian, township u north: thence east on township hue 
dividing townships 12 and 13, along the northeast r|uarter of section 5, towri- 
ship and range aforesaid, supposed to be i6o rods, more or le-s : thence south 
to enclose twenty acres. Also twetity acres on the southeast quarter of sec- 
tion 31, range 7. township 13. lying as foll'jws : Commencing at the south- 
east corner of sectic'U aforesaid: thence running north to Blue river; thence 
down. IViue ri\-er to make twenty acix'S. Ten acres in section 31. range 7, 
township 13. as follows: Commencing at the southwest quarter of section 
afores;iid. at the southwest corner, thence cast across said f|u:uner section: 
th.ence north to inclui.le ten acres, and tliat the said site Itereby located, shall 
f)e known by the name of Shelljyville" 

The biill of the Locating Commissioners amciunted to Si 35 and was 
ordered paid out of tlie first money received liy the County Treasu.rer. 

Hon. Abel Cole was appointed county agent, and directed to have al! 
of the west h.alf of the Hendricks donation, as well as that of Walker, laid i'.it'j 
town lots, streets and alleys. The first sale of lots was advertised to take 
place Se])t ember 23d. and the terms of sale fixed as follows: '•One-twelfth 
in cash, balance payable in three semi-annual installments, with interest from 
date, if r.ot paid at maturitv." The price of lots was from ten to fiftv dollars. 


dcpciuling- on locaii^ni. 'i'lic cash procL-cils from ihe first lot saic were hiU 
S15.75, of whicli Si. 75 wa.s cxpciulcd for \vhid<y to lie u-ed .mi tlic da_\ i^i 
llie puljlic sale, not to increase l>i(ls. but as was remarked by erne pioneer 
])resent. as a preventive of the malarial di>ease that '-llesli was heir to in those 

The record discloses the fact that at the Jannarv, iSj^. teiin of the Ojni- 
inissi.iners* G'uri. that the Clerk. Treasurer and SherilT were each allowed 
iwenly-two dollars for their services for one year, which to.lay would hardlv 
temjit one to run for county otnce. 

At this session of the Board the rate of ta.xation for tavern^ was fixed. 
Vov each meal of victuals, twentydive cents; for one bed. six and a fourth 
cents; fur horse at hay. twelve and a half cents; f. ir each o-all,,n of grain. 
twelve and a half cents; for each hilf pint of v.hisky. ten cents; oiic-iialt pint 
of brandy. twenty-h\e cents. Prohibition unthonght of. 

A pound was ordered contracted for by liids, the same to be tifty feet 
square, a ]>05t and rail fence six feet higli. with a gate five feet wide.' The 
southeast lot of the public square was designated as th.c location of said 
pound, and Benjamin Williams appointed keeper of the same. 

A county seal was agreed upon at this session, also, it was descri!>ed .-.^ 
a circle, around the ed.g-e of v,hich were the words. "Shelby Countv Seal. 
Indiana.'" In the center of the circle is an eagle perched upon the head of a 

At the meeting of the Board in Se])lember. 1826, the Board made an 
allowance of ihirty-se\en ami a half for whisky furnish.ed the countv 
by Smith \\'ingate. and ordered that tlte same be paid out of the monev in 
the treasury, not otherwise already appnjpriated. The ])rice of whisky', as 
fixed by the Board was ten cents per pint, hence it will be r.bserved that tlic 
price paid and the quantity were not very excessive. The next time the 
county needed liquors in its routine of oibcial business was in Xo\ember. 
1827. when sevcntyd'i\e cents' worth of brandv was n-ed. 


In 1824 the lav,- creating a B lard of County Cijmmis^ion.ers was 
abolished and in its stead a similar Board, having the same office, was cre- 
ated from the various Justices of the Peace within the several townships with- 
in the county. One of its number was elected President, the Clerk of the 
Court being an ex-ofticio Secretary. The first of such boards was composed 
of the following gentlemen, each a Justice of t!ie Peace; Alexander Van- 
pelt. Mc;Ty ^IcGuire. Willis Law. H. H. Lewis. Kenncdv. Nathaniel 
Davis, J,,.epli Hough. James \\"ray. John P,. Mr.rgan. Lewis Ilcn'dricks. John 
^I. Goung. David Layman. David" Brawn. Richard V.'illianis. William 


Hawkins. Adam Wri-ln. Nathan W'lieckr an.l J.^siah Williams. The fust 
meeting was held at the liuuse of Benjamin Williams, and Josiah Williams 
Avas elected President. After four years this ia.w was repealed and the former 
system re-established. 


Many changes ha\'e tal<cn place in the various 5uh-di\"isions of this, in 
common with most cunnties witinn tlie state of Indiana. At first there were 
but four civil townships, made up as follows : Union township was Congres- 
sional township Xi\ 14: Marion was made up of Congressional township 13; 
Hendricks township was Congressional townshi]) 12: Xoble township was 
Congressional township 11. 

In May, i8_'J, the name of Union was changed to Harrison, and that 
of Marion to Shelby. 

Addison township was organized in Februarv, 1S23; Sugar Creek in 
^lay. 1823. ' . ^ 

Liberty was formed in ^larch, 1827. 

jMonroe was formed in ?\Iay. 183 1. 

Fleming, Hanover and ]\Ioral were the only othei' townships formed 
before 1840. 


Oa the first !^,londa_\- in January, 18 10. the B'jard of County Commis- 
sioners met in regular session and proceeded, among other transactions, to 
re-organize the townships of the county. Xew townships were also ci'cated 
from parts of other civil townships. 

Jackson township was organized out of the territor_\- of township 11, 
range 6 east, and all of township 11, range 5 east, lying in said county. 

Noble township — Township 11, range 7 east, and that part of township 
11, range 8. lying in Sh.elby county. 

Hendricks town,ship — All of that part of township 11, range 5, lying in 
Shelby county, and that part of township 12, range 6. contained in the follow- 
ing boundaries : Beginning at the southeast corner of section 34, thence 
north to the section line to the northeast comer of section 3 ; thence west to 
the nr.rthwest corner of said township; thence south to the line dividing town- 
ships II and 12; thence east four miles to place of beginning. 

Sugar Creek township — Beginning at the southeast corner of section 34. 
township 13, range 6: thence north on section line to the northeast corner of 
section 3. in the aforesaid township: thence west along the line dividing town- 
ships 13 and 14, to the west line of said county: thence south to the line divid- 
ing townships 12 and 13: thence east to place of beginning. 


Moral tMuiisiiip— Townsliip 14 north; raii-e 6 caM : iliat part c,f town- 
ship 14, in range 5, lying in Shelby countv. 

Marion lownshi]] — Beginning at the pnutheast cortier of section 2:;. 
townsliip 13, II., nil Mt range 7 cast: thence nwrth on secriim line to the nurth- 
ca^l corner of ^eclion 35. in township 14 north and range 7 east; thence 
on section line to the range line, dividing ranges 6 aiid j. at the northea-t 
corner of section 31. township 14. range 7: thcMice south to the line dividing 
townshi])s 13 and 14: thence west two mile.-, to the northeast corner of section 
5, lownsh,ip 13. range 6; thence .south on section line to the s^nillnvest o.rnei- 
of section zt,. township 13. range 6; thence east on the section line to place 
of beginnmg. 

Hanover township— Beginning on the east line of Shelhv cmmty. at 
the southeast corner of section jS. township 14. range S: thence' west ori '^cc- 
ti..m line dividing ranges 6 and 7, at the southeast corner of section -,o. t...wn- 
ship 14. range 7; thence north on county line : thence ca.^t to tlie northeast 
corner of said 'county : thence south To jilace of begintiing. 

Union townsliip— All of t..wnship 13, range 8. Iving in Shelbv countv 

also sections i, ,^. ,3. ,4, ^3 and 30. in township 13. range 7. and sccvions 

31, 32 and 33, 111 town.diip i^. range 8. and section -,G. township 14, range 7 

Liberty township— All of township 12, range 8. Iving in Shelbv countv 

and .<;ections i, 12, 13, 24. 2-^ and 36. in township 12, 'range 7 east.' 

Addison township— Beginning at the southeast corner of section y-^- 
township 12, range 7: thence north on section line, to the northeast corner\if 
section 26, township 13. range 7; thence west seven miles to the northwf>^t 
comer of section 26. township 13. range 6; thence south ejoht miles to the 
southeast corner of .section 35, township 12, range 6; thence east .seven miles 
to place of beginning. 

\ an Buren township — Beginning at the southv.est c " ' ' 

township 14, range 6: thence cast on said line to the couii 
on said county line to the northwest corner of section 2, 
6: thence south to tl;e place of beginning. 

Brandywine township— Beginning at the range line dividing ranges 6 
and 7. at the northeast corner- of section 36. township 14. range 6- thence 
one mile south tothe town.ship line dividing townships 13 and 14; thence two 
miles west on said hue t.j the northwest corner of section 4, township 115. 
range 6; thence south si.x miles to the township line dividir.g townships i^' 
and i^: thence two miles on said line to the southeast corner on said line, 
tothe southeast corner of secti.Jii 34. town.ship 13. range 6: thence north, two 
miles to the northwest corner of section 26. township i -,. range A; thence 
two miles east to th.e range line dividing ranges 6 and 7: thence north on said 
line tojjlace of beginning. Organized March 7. 1S43. 

Washington townshij>— Beginning on the township line dividing town- 


•i section 


ne : 

; thence ■ 


lip 14. '■; 


66 cuadwick's }ii5tokv of suki-bv CO., ixn. 

ships II and 12. rantjc 6. at tlic crner of the northeast (]uarler of. and the 
northwest (|narter of section ^v townsliip 11. ranL;c ('i\ thence running south 
on said hue nf sections 3. 10. 15. 22 and 2J. to ]-"lat Rock river, to tlic county 
lir.e: ilicnce east ( mi said line to the southeast corner of section 33. township 
II, range 7; thence nurth cm said h'ne to tlie tnwnship line (h\'iding townships 
II and 12: thence west on said line to place of lieginning. This township 
was organised in the month of April. 1S43. 

Shelhy township — Beginning at the sotithcasl corner of section 35, tc^wn- 
ship 12. range 6, which jujint is the southeast corner of Addison township; 
thence north on the line diviiJing the townships of Addison and Hendricks, 
to the southwest corner of section 14. in said townsliip and range: thence east 
on section line to the northeast corner of secticjn 13, and also range line, to 
the northwest corner of section 8 ; thence east to the northeast corner of sec- 
tion 14. township I J. range 7: also to the west line of Liberty township; 
thence south on the seciir)n line dividing Addison fron.i Lilieriy townships, 
to the sc'Utheast ctirner of section 35. to\\nsh!p 12. rarjge 7; thence west on 
section line between Addison and Xoble and Washingtr.m townships, to the 
place of beginning. 

This was among the townships in the county to l.;e orgaiiized. the 
date being Jtme 26. 1S82. 

After the organization of the townships of the county, the work of the 
County Boiard was reduced chiefly to the running of the routin.e go\erument. 
such as providing a set of public buildings, caring for the poor, building 
bridges, making suitable highv,-ays. etc. With tlie parsing of the years 
multiplied into decades and scores in number, the great de\elopment of the 
county has steadily gone forth, only interrupted l_\v a few financial panics and 
the Civil war from i86i to 1865. The present high moral and intellectual 
standing of the society of Shelby county is sut'hcient evidence to the stranger, 
that the men and women who h.ere laid the foundations and drove the first 
stakes of this section of Indiana were sturd\' and high-minded in their char- 
acter, for the most part. In all that is good Shelby county desires only the 
best. From the days of jiine knots to the age of brilliant electric lights, this 
people ha\'e "builded better than they knew." 

"Sold to Abel Summers and William H. Sleeth. lot number 7. on 
\\'ashington street, in the town of Shelbv, at ninety dollars, which when paid 
according to the conditions of the sale, will entitle them to a deed for the same. 
Signed, Shelbyxille. Indiana, September 2t,. 1822. bv William H. Sleeth. Re- 
corder, and A. Cole, Count}' Agent of Shelby count}-." 

The record of this plat is to be found in Deed Book "A," page five. All 
lots were laid out in uniform size, eight rods, or one hundred thirty-two feet 
east and west Ijy ninety-nine feet north and south. The plat extended north of 
the iiublic square to the al!e\" now runnincr east and west between Franklin and 



:\Icclianic street. S(u,t!i to the line .^t P.roraluay street ; east to the allev runnin- 
north and south, midway between Pike and Xohle streets: west to the tier o'f 
Ir.ts Tompkins street. U-a^liin-ion and Harrison streets were made 
mnety feet wide, crossing- at ri-Iu angles in the center of the public .square, 
which was lai^i out in .such a manner by the intersection of these streets, as to 
give twelve corners, four inside corners and eight street corners: or three cor- 
ners to eacli quarter, that is one inside corner and two street orners. All streets, 
aside from Washington an.l Harrison, were platted forty-nine and one-half 
feet in width. The public s.|uare is two hundred eightv-eig-ht feet north and 
south by three hundred fifty-h.ur feet east and west, givin- an area of abrait 
two and a third acres. 

\\ ith the passing of the years and tlie corresponding g-rowth of the town, 
numerous additions have been made to iJie original platting. These for the 
most part are as follows: 

I'irst adflition was made by County Agent Abel Cole. Tuly 2. 182 v It 
extended from Cig Ditch alley. (,f the original plat, to Hamilton street and 
was surveyed by Alaj. John Hendricks, the Countv Sunx-vor. 

Second addition was thirty lots— fifteen on either "side of .Afechanic 
street to the north end of the original platting, and extcnde.l east to" the first 
alley cast ol Xoble street, tb.en known as ^ladison street. This was made bv 
John \\'alker, ,.ne of the original doi^ors. December 5. 182:;, and is sometimes 
known as "\\'alker"s addition." 

Third addition to Shelby ville was run to the river and platted by Maj. 
John Hendricks, June 12, 1S27. Tliis included the land later used for the 
old cemcter\-. 

Kent's and Hendricks' addition was platted April 10. iS^v bv Rev. Ela- 
phlat Kent and .Major Hendricks, and consisted of ten lots ninetv-niite bv one 
hundred thirty-two feet in size, on the south side of Brotidway ..treet^ east 
from Harrison. 

Fletcher and IMcCany's addition to Shclbyville, comprising one hundred 
tnenly-five lots east of Harrison street and north of Pennsvlvania. extended 
east to East street. This was platted September 28. 1S48. bv Calvin l^letcher 
and Nicholas AlcCarty. both of Indianaix.Iis. 

Western addition was eight lots west of the original plat, running from 
section hue twelve (12) to Broadway street. This was affected bv William Lit- 
tle and James Randall, Tilitha Capp, Benedict Worland and Andrew H. Mc- 
Xcely. It was duly recorded April 2t. 1849. 

Toner and Bennett's addition was from Depot street (now Hendricks) 
to one tier of lots soudi of South street and west from Harrison street. The 
court house and jail are located on this addition. It was platted 'uy Edward 
loner and Jeremiah Bennett, October 3, 1R49. 

Samuel Hamilton's First addition was platted September 12. ]S:;o. Sam- 

68 C1IA1>\\ ICK's lllSTdK'i' dl' SIIKI.UV (.().. 1 .\ D. 

iicl TlainiltMirs Easu-ni a.lditio,! was nia>k- May <). 185;,. aiul iiicliulol al! uf 
the cilv east of Hamihcn street and l)el\veen I'ranklin and T.ruad streets. Rav 
and .M'cl'arland's addiiinn was made by Martin Ray and Thonias Mcrarland 
April 11. iSiKi, and was ea-t oi Haniili.i!i and East streets, and nirth of 
tuwnshi[) line i\\ei\e ( ij), cir.uaininy furtv acres. 

Miller's and McKarland's addition, platted March 8. 1858, was by Wil- 
liam C. Miller and Thomas McFarland, and is commonly" styled "Miller's 

Montgomery's I'^irst Addition was platted bv Jiihn L. Montgomerv, 
April 15. 1868. ' 

Montg-omen-'s Second addition was platted by the widow of Mr. Mont- 
gomery, June 23, 1S73. 

Montgomery's Third addition was platted April 9. 1883, by ]\lary R., 
wife of George Stuter, former widow of J.ihn L. Montgomery. 

Dorsey's addition, platted by Sylvester L. Dorsey, Ociol)er 26. 1870. 

Bone and ^lajor's addition, by Alfred Rone and Alfred Major, was plat- 
ted Januan- 2^. 1S78. 

Martz addition. i)latted by Jose].h L. Mart/., Richard M. Clark, Malinda 
Clark, Edward L. Davison and Mary Davison. October 15. 1883. 

Colescott's addition, j)latted liy Ralph Colescott, February 8, 1873. 

Teal's addition, by \\"illiam A. Teal, April 28, 18S4. 

Bishop's Administration addition, by Cyrenus Bishop, administrator for 
the Fountain estate, platted July 8, 1S82. 

McGavern and ?^Iurdock's addition was platted June 24. 1884. 

The P_dliott I'\arni addition, or \\'estermost addition plat, filed Novem- 
ber 6, 18S3. 

Eleaser B. Amsden a<ldition, June 17. 1884. 

Teal's Second addition, by \\'illiam E.Teal, platted October 6, iS8('.. 

Presbyterian Church Property addition, platted by Elisha Baker, De- 
cember 3. 1839. 

The more recent additions to Shelljyville have been: Duini's addition, 
April 18. 1890, and Murdock's addition of June. 1884. There are numerous 
sub-divisions and smaller plattings to this city, as show n by recent plat-books, 
but are of lesser conseijuence and here omitted. 


The following is a complete list of tlie \-arious towns and villages platted 
within Shelbv countv since it was organized: 

ciiadwick's }iistury of shi:lbv co., ixd. -69. 

Townsl'.ii^. Township. 

Boggstown Sugar Cn-ek Mcirrist. >\vn Hanover 

Brandywine Brandy wj-ne Middlciown Liberty 

Brookfield M.M-al Mt. ] 'leasant Xoble 

Cynlhianna Liberty Mi. Aulnirn Jackson 

Doblestoun Sugar Creek Tvlariim Marion 

Fairland Brandywine Xorristown W'asliington 

Fenns Slielby Pleasant A'iew Ab-.ral 

I'latrock \\'asliingt>.in Prescott She!l)y 

Fountainville \'an Biu'en Ray"s Crossing Union 

Freeport Hanover St. Paul Xoble 

Gelletsburg ILanox er Sniithland Hendricks 

Gwinneville Hanover Shelbyvillc Addison 

Geneva Xolde \"inton IMoral 

London Mi.^ral Waldrun Liberty 

l^ewis Creek \\"ashingion 

The first town platted vidtldn this county fas now known, but v.'as then 
in Franklin county) wa.- Marion, jilatled in December, 1S20, by John Sleeth 
and James \\'ilson. It was recorded at Brookville. the then seat of justice 
for Franklin coun.ty. 

Shelby ville (original plat") was made by the County Commissioners, the 
work being executed by Fber Lucas, s^r^-eyor, September i, 1822. This 
plattino- was acknowledged before Count^• Agent Abel Cole, September 23. 
1S22. ^ 


Among valuable tabulated information gleaned from tlie "Centennial 
Histoiy," prepared by a cummittee of citizens, at the general request of P'resi- 
dent L". S. Grant, who desired that some historical data be prepared and pub- 
lished m pamphlet form for the Centennial at Philadelphia in iS76,.of every 
county in the United States, if possible, the following will throw much liglit 
on the names (at various dates) and the plattings and piipulation at tliat time. 
of th.e i.-illages and towns within Shelby county: 

Tov/n. Date of Orgarri^^atiun. Population 1875 

Shelbyville Septem.ber 23. 1822 

Morristown May 3, 1828 22^ 

jMiddletown June 19. 1829 150 

Mt. Pleasant Jime 2, 1831 

Norristown X'ovember 22. 185 1 


Town. Date of Organization. Population 1875 

Branilywine August 6, 1S32 I'c; 

Gellett5l)urg January 17. 183,^ " 

Savannah June 9. 18^:54 ..." 

Cyntliianna .\ugusi ly, i8,:;5 100 

Scottsvillc Fehruan- 23. 1S35 

Fi-eeport Marcli 7. 1836 . '! ' 60 

Pleasant A'iew July 6. ] 8 :;6 ro 

Black Hawk (now Mt. \>mon) January 18. 18^^ 89 

Doblcstown bctober 3. 1837 10 

Xe\v Holland April jcj, 1S37 

Houghburg (now Boggstown) July 10, 183S 

Vinton March 20. 1S3S 

^I^ai'ietta June 19. 1S39 1 75 

Smithland Ociober 29, ^i 85 1 50 

London July 21, 1S52 100 

Fairland October 21. 1852 :;oo 

Brookfield Xoy. 26, 1853^ '7; 

Geneva October 28, 1 853 40 

Fountaintow-n . . December 23. 1854 260 

Stroupville (now \\'aldron) March 2j. 18^4 . "^ 

Flatrock :\Iay 2. iSq ^ . ' 

St. Paul -\pi'il 4. 1S56 

Prescott June 2S. 1^67 

Boggstown Fel^ruary 17. 1 869 




The folliiw ing- liavf sei 
its orcanizatiun : 

as the officials in and for Shclbv county, since 


Hiram Aldredge, 
S. P-. :^Iorris. 
Jacob A'ernon. 
Alexander [Miller. 
Alonzo Blair. 
Jacob G. Wolf. 
John Elliott. 
B. S. Sutton. 
Fred H. Clienden 




;. i8Sv86 

A. J. Gorgas. 


Charles J. Fastlaben. 


Thos. S. Jones. 

r. • 1890-94 

John R. Sedgwick. 


John W. Powers. 


lu-ank Glessner. 


^lichae! O Sullivan. 


Jacob H. Deitzer. 










\'oorhes Conover. 
lohn II. Stewart. 
John J. While. 
.Squire L. \"anpelt. 
Robert W". W'iles. 
George W Isley. 
T. L. Carson. 

. 1S94-9S 
1906 Wiles. 
"William Handy. 
Harr)- C. Ray. 
Erasmus T. Carson. 
Henry Oltman. 
Thomas HawKins. 
George B. Huntington. 





William Davis. 


lames O. Parrish. 


Elijah Mayhew. 


E. B. Amiden. 


Thomas H. Fleming. 


David Thull. 


Levi Lainger. 


Michael Posz. 


John Cartmill. 


J. H. Thomas. 


Alexan.ler Miller. 


Henry Meer. 


ciiadwick's histokv 


V CO., I.XD. 




Isaac 11. Wilson. 


lohn Marshall Wil; 


E lias M. Wilson. 


"e. H. Eee. 


Andrew T. \\ interrowd. 


C. H. Thcr.hold. 


William M, Phillips. 

1 906-08 

Tohn \\-. l\Hl<hurst. 


]-"nuntain G. Robinson. 


John W". I'arkhurst. 

1 8/ 0-74 

James M. Sleeth. 


Year. Year. 

1822-35 ^Vi^iam H Sleeth. 1879-83 E. L. Davison. 

1835-42 Milton Robins. 

1842-55 Jolm S. Campbell. 

1855-59 Jam<?s Millcson. 

1S59-67 Da\-id Louden. 

1867-71 Cyrenus Bishop. 

1 87 1 -7 T Thomas J. Cherrv. 

1875-79 A. W Robin.. 

In 1S22 Senior Lewis was elected to the oflice of Sheriff, and died in 
oflice, being- succeeded by Isaac Templeton. 


Earnev Wiirland. 

1 8S7-90 

William I. Buxton. 


Th..mas B. Anders. 


Cliarles E. Amsdcn. 


David A. Lee. 


Ge.n-ge \\'. \'ankie. 


L. B.^Hoop. 





John Walker. 


James Brown. 


Jacob Shank. 


Sid Conger. 



James Magill. 


Apollo Kinslev. 

1 886-88 

Henrv .vleer. 


S. L. \-anpelt.' • 


^^'illiam ^k-Dougall. 


H. n. Bogess. 


Wilham ^IcDougall. 


Henry Doble. 


John Burk. 


E. B.' Amsden. 


\'alentine Schoelocli 


John Hoop. 


The.jdore Luther. 


Ithamar Spurlin.' 


Tohn H. Butler. 


T. H. Lee 


John H. Butler. 


Albert W. McCorkle. 


The following ha\e scn'ed various terms as sur\eyors in Shelby county: 
William li. Miller, Jeremiah Dugan, Charles F. ^^'ebster, George F. Murphy, 


^^•ilIiam H. I.lay, Thomas FInley. W,!lia,n M. rruitt. W". F. Crawfrnd Tames 
ii. A orris and Samuel P. Harris. 

Maj Jolin TIendricks.-Maj. John B. Xicke!. Johr, Darc^in. William Rock- 
James M. Elhot,, Ed. Wi.chel. A\-illiam R. Xorris. John Hoop. C. R. Bruce." 
V^ .Knnpp. Dan.el IJoolier. Frank E. Ray. Frank E. Bass. O. H. McDonald. 
\\.]hani Xel.s. \v illiam M. Pruitt. Charles F. Webster. W. F. Cra^vlord 

Frank E. Ray. O. li. McDonald. 


Shelby county's County Commissioners ]ia\-e been as follow. • William 
Goodrich. ■ Calvm Kinsley. Alexander \-anpeIt. E. .Millikon Elijah Tvner 
David Fisher, Joseph Dawson. Adam ^lovv. Ashbel Stone. V. Conover 'john 
bleeth. James J-ox, John Kern. Gideon Stafford. Tames Rule Thomas Clav- 
ton^amuei Mont.gomery. Henry Buck. M. P. Higgins. Alexander Carev > 
J. Curtis. George Senior. Edmund Cooper. St. Claire En^minoer Louis fA- 
senback. Ithamar Davison. X. Bailey, D. T. Culbertson, A. P Wortman 
George Cuskaden, Hiram Drake. Thomas Linville. Henrv Oltman Je^se 
Shaw. Adam A. Girton. Thomas Linville. Jesse Shaw. William Amo/ \dam 
A. Girton. James Cherry. Stephen D. Barnes. G. H. Huftman, Thomas W 

w ^V'?' ^^^S''-'- "'"■■^" ^'"'''- ^""'S^ ^^ '• ^^'^y- George W. Snepo! 
A\H. Barlow. R H. lorline. J. S. Carpenter. Alfred Fox. J. \^-. Harrell. 
^Jichacl \arlmg. Thomas Linville. Tesse Shaw, T- L. Cherrv «; D Barren 
G. li. Huffman. Thomas ^^•. Jackson, John T. Roc. S. M. .n'tgomerv Geor-e 
^\ . Gray. Adam E. Girton. \\-. Amos, John X. Moberlv. Henrv Jones Geor-e 
\\ . Snepp and Joseph :\Ieyer. ' ' ^ 


While the people of this countv have been law-abiding in their crcneral 
tendencies, yet here has Ix^en found sin and crime whicli have had ^o be met 
and punished according to the laws of the commonwealth. In the- just execu- 
tion oi law, and for the protection of the just, the pure and the good, it be- 
came necessary to provide a county jail. It was in Xovember. 1822. a few 
months alter the organization of the countv. that bids were advertised f-.r 
the plans and erection of a suitable jail. The Countv Commissioners met at 
the house 01 H:ram Allredge and provided for these contracts, .taiin- the date 
w-ien bids would T^ received. James Gregon- was appointed the "architect, 
anci Aatnan Johnson was finally awarded the contract fr,r the erecti.,n of the 



first jail l.uilcling- of Shclliy cnunty. The specifications called for a hewed log 
stnictiirc. sixteen feet square and two stories high.. The first, or ground, lloor 
was to contain the 5)rison room or dungeon, in which the most vicious class 
of law-violators were to he -kept, while the second story was to he used for 
lesser criminals, hence less securely built, and set apart as a "debtor's room." 
It should here be stated that imder the Indiana laws, at that date, any person 
who failed to pav his just debts, either from inability or otherwise, might at 
the will of the creditor, be thrown into pri^^^,n. This was really a sentiment 
that had been handed down from the old Puritan fathers, who lande<l at 
Plymouth Rock in 1620, "on that stern and rock-tound coast." who had been 
used to such proceedings in the mother country, and who believed it to be 
a proper thing, but, thanks to a more advanced Christian civilizati._.n. such 
things have long years since passed from our statute books. 

"The locationof this jail was on the northeast corner of the puljlic square, 
and cost about S600. It stood a few years and was abandoned for a new 
and better type of jail, which was erected on the corner of Harrison and Broad- 
way streets! This building was also built of logs, but more substantially con- 
structed than was the original jail. Its cost was but little in excess of the 
former building. 

The contract for the county's third jail was awarded to John Craig, 
^Michael \\'est and Jacob Parris, at the ^larch term of the County Court, 1843. 
This stood near the site of the present jail, and was built of stone. A jailor s 
house was attached thereto, the dimensions of which were twenty by twenty- 
four feet, and two stories high. This jail was in use a third of a century, was 
built well and held many of the worst characters found in the entire history 
of the state, safe and secure until the day of their trial or execution. 

In the autumn of 1872, by order of the Board. D. A. Bohln prepared 
and submitted plans for a new jail and Sheriff's residence. In accordance^ with 
a notice given out, the following bids were received and recorded: Xorns 
Sz Hinklev, S^-,.S24; Travis Carter & Comi.any. 870,500: Wingate & Hester, 
S55.998;'TraVi5 L. Farmer. S55.500; \"ictor .\: Springer. $54,000. The con- 
tract was awarded to \'ictor & Springer and the work went forward to ccmi- 
pletion. This is the present jail and is a two-story brick structure, fifty by 
ninetv-five feet in size. The prison, proper, contains eighteen cells and two 
hospital rooms, while the residence portion for the SherilT's use, contains nine 


Among the first things to be looked after in the organization of a new 
state or countv, is the providing of a proper building in which to transact the 
business of such a capital. Originally, the business connected to Shelby 


coiint\- gcnerr.iiK'iit \vas traiisacteil at the village ui Marion, which jjlacc 
desired ihe seat of justice, lull in whicli desire they were ^q-reatl}' (Hsapiidinted. 
Courts were held at the liouse of David I'islier. hut it is related uimn good 
authority that when the weather i^ermitted. the jutlge and jm-y would adjourn 
lo a nearby barn, or at other times to the top (^f a very large oak tree which 
had fallen — the branches answering for both bench and jurydiox. After the 
matter of county seat had been settled and lixed at Shelliyx'iUe. the courts 
held their se.-sions at the house of Benjamin Williams, also the lnjuse of 
Hiram Alldredge was used for a court meeting place. 

January i, 1S23. the first action was taken lowaixl providing a court 
house. The Board authorized the county agent to procure through contracts. 
the erection oi a temporary building, built from wood in form of a frame 
s.tructure. The same was to be twenty b}- thirty feet and two stories high. 
This order, however, was rescinderl at the Board's meeting. July 3d. of the 
same year and the agent was directed to give notice that a sulistantial brick 
building be erected instead of the proposed frame structure, March, 1SJ4. the 
Board had misgivings and doubts as to the business prudence of expending so 
large a sum for a court-house and the matter was postponed. A year later. 
March, 1825, hu\Vever. a contract was let for the building oi a two-stor}- brick 
building, to he fift\- feet wide and sixty feet long. Tlie cr.ntract was awarded to 
William Bushfield and Arthur 3.1ajor. at Sj.240. Architect John E. Baker 
prepared plans for the building. The first story was set apart for a court 
room, and although the furniture and appointments were not of the exceed- 
ingly- costly kind, they served well the puri>:)se for which they were designed. 
The second stiiry was di\'ided into four apartments, in which the coimty of- 
fices w-ere held. This building was located in the center of the public square, 
which had just been cleared from a heavy growtli of timber and under-brush. 
This court house was not completed for occupancy until 1S30. It served in an 
acceptable manner as a county building until 1S52-53, wlien the present build- 
ing was erected (original section) at a cost of S27.000, by Edwin May. con- 
tractor. The superstructure is of brick and stone, is tw(j stories liigh and 
seventy-five by one hundred feet in dimensions. In 1S78 this building was 
remodeled by architect's plans, drawn by R. P. Daggett. The contract for 
remodeling was awarded to Osborne. Carlisle & Jones, for the sum of S3 1. 000. 
To cover this expense the county issued l.'onds lii the amount of S30.CXJO, in 
denominations of S500 each, jiayable in one, two and three years, with interest 
at the rate of eight per cent, per annum. 

With the passing of more than thirty years, this court house is lx?ginning 
to show the marks of time and encroaching elements. The business of the 
county has increased wonderfully of recent years: the many recorddiooks, 
necessary in carrying on the business of such a county, arc fast accumulatuig 
and before m;uiy years a new structure will become a necessity in .Shelby 

76 oiahwick's history of siira.BV co., iNix 


One of the chief characteristics that marks tlie line l)et\vecn the savage 
triljes of earth and tlie civilized and Christian nations is the care and atten- 
tion gi\-en to the weak and unfortunate poor of communities. Xo country 
outranks America in the matter of providing for her unfortunate sulijects. 
This is readil}' pr(i\-en hy contrasting oin- great system of institutes and hos- 
pitals, both public and private, with tho.'^e of other countries, where, generally 
speaking, the ride (■! the "sur\i\al of the fittest" is allowed to be literally 
carried out. untcmpered by kind and noble charities. 

Caring for the \'<">r of an\- gi\en cmiuunit)- is indeed a ]ierplexing prob- 
lem, for it is ever abused by those who might possibly aid themselves more 
than they do, were such humane dealings not the order and policy of our 
form of government. There are always worthy poor people and also the 
unworthy jjoiir — the shiftless and indolent. 

In Shelby county, the first provision made for its unf(_irtunate ones, was 
in Alay, 1822. soon after the county was organized, when the following over- 
seers in each civil township were appointed to provide for the poor within 
such sub-di\ision of the county : Noble tovrnship, William Shaw and Josiah 
\\'illiams; Hendricks. Plenry Logan and George Adams: Marion, Benjamin 
and Abel Summers; Uiiion, Jonathan Hill and Josua Wilson, 

The general provisions governing the duties of such overseers of the 
poor were as follows: 'Tt shall be the duty of the overseer, e\ery year, to 
cause all tlie poor persons who have, or shall become a public charge, to be 
farmed out on contract to be made the first Alonday in r\Li}-, annually, in such, 
manner as said overseers of the poor sh.all deem best calculated to prouiote 
the public good. Provided, That nothing herein contained shall prohibit 
any overseer from receiving and accepting propositions at any time for the 
keeping- of the poor and others who may at any time hereafter become a county 
charge.'" It was further provided that a record should be kept by such over- 
seers, giving names and details concerning the cases within his township. Also 
another wise provision was that relating to [ilacing boy and girls witlmut par- 
ents out as apprentices to learn some useful trade or occu.pation, the term to 
continue until the boy had reached twcnt_\--one years and the girl eighteen 
years of age. 

For thirt}' years and more no radical change was inaile regarding the care 
of the county's poor, an.d tlie plan first ad'^pted \vas used, with but few slight 
changes. The plan of farming out this class of population soon became im- 
practicable and expensive to the tax-payers and altogether unsatisfactory. 
Hence, in common with other counties within Indiana, in 1847, the Commis- 
sioners purchased a tract of one hundred and sixty acres of land, and on the 
same erected a suitable building, where the poor of the county were l)etter 

ciiADwicK s msroKV oi- sjiEi.r.v co.. ixn. -j 

cared for. Here tlic persons ablt- to lal.^r uc-re made to perfwrni a rea^-malMe 
ainuinu o! work, the object being- twotold, first t<j reduce the expcn<e of 
keeping, and, secondly, to give them tlie [Hoper exercise. This "Count v 
Farm" was bouglu of John Lemaster, July 3. 1S47. was hve miles south, o'f 
SheJbyville, in Shelby township. It cost the county S1.800: The brick build- 
ing added to the same, cost $550, and was twenty bv fortv feet. With the 
increase of general population, the poor class also'coi'respondingly increased, 
so that in 1S61 the old buildings were not sufhcienl : in ^[av of'^tliat year the" 
County Gimmissioners contracted for another brick building with ' greater 
capacity, together with improved appliances connected therewith, hi this 
way the annual expense of caring for the unfortunate poor was much reducetl. 
The records show that the average annual expense from i8j8 to 18-/). in- 
clusive, was .'?i40, or a total for that long period of $1,260. CompaVeil to 
the amount expended during the next twenty years it will be observed that the 
poorer element greatly increased with the devel.:.pment of the countiy. The 
amounts are significant and will be given by \-ears: 

"t'car Amoiu-.t 

1S67 . 


$1,213.00 1878 8.46^.00 

^^^""^ 9.4-'8.oo 1879 6.790.00 

1869 8,078.00 1880 

1570 8,870.00 ]88i 

1571 9,251.00 188 

^^'~- 9.759-00 i88j 10,299.00 

'^"^73 9,166.00 1884 io,^6S.oo 

^'"^7-^ n .o6k3.oo 1885 12.000.00 



9,251.00 1882 1 1.567.00 

^^J'^ 6,038.00 1886 14.049.00 

^•^76 9-435-00 

^'^'''^ 7,057.00 Total for ten years. . . .$99,634,00 

The county records show that during the last five vears, (1904 to 190S 
inclusive) that above the revenue raised by operating th'e countv as\ lum and 
poor fann the cost of carmg for the poor of the county has been : ' ' 

"^ ^'^'' Amount Year Amount 

'9"4 $1,780.00 1907 1,478.00 

^905 1,488.00 IQ08 3,288.00 

190'^ 1.702.00 


The departing Indian tribes left but faint trails over Shclbv countv. bv 
which the pioneer settler might make his way from one point to another in 


safe!}'. Tho red man IkuI c;* ne fc:)rever. ami the \vlii;e man hail ciueved this 
fair domain tn ever remain as a developer and ei\ihzer. His tlrst nccupa- 
Uon was that of tiller .'f the snil, which the Indian had used as hnntiiif: 
grounds. Nature had executed her ])art well, and the har\ests were rich 
and golden, but th.e hushap.dman had many trials in realizing much from his 
crops, on account of there licing no suitable wa.gon roads to take liis produce 
to niarkets. The Delawares had n<:> need of wagon roads, but the wliite men 
did and soon set about providing them. 

Improvised roads were made up to the organizatiiin days cif th.e county, 
after which the county authorities provided more acceptable ones. 

However, these priiuiti\-e highways were but poor excuses ffir a nad — a 
simple pathway "blazed out," by which travelers might go here and there and 
not get lost from all settlements, and possibl}" perish by the wayside. iMany 
of these early roads passed over low. marshy land and in order to be made at 
all passalile. they had t" be C(.ivered crosswise by logs aiid brush, called "cordu- 
roy." But as soon as the country had settled sut'ticiently to create a demand 
for some better system of road making, the work was c<.)mmenced. The iirst 
attempt to improve main th.oroughfares was the construction of the nuinerous 
state roads, the first of which class was laid out in 1S21. It extended from 
Indianapolis to Lawrenceburg, passing through Shelliy count}-, from north- 
^vest to southeast. This aftMrded those living along its line an outlet to the 
Ohio ri\-er. and thus they were brought in direct touch with the outer world. 

The Michigan road was in many ways the most important of these state 
roads. This was coiistructed froin the proceeds of lan.ds relinquished by the 
Indians — the great Pottawattamie tribe — by th.e treaty of 1S26. Tlie northern 
terminus of this mad was }vlichigan City, Indiana, and for several years only 
went as far as Indianap'.lis. but late in the thirties was extended on to }^Iadi- 
son. by the way of Shelbyville. 

The dirt roads were the only mode of highways employed up to 1850, 
v,-hen, by legislative enactmer.ts. some of which had been passed in 1849. in- 
corporated stock companies were authorized for the construction of plank 
roads. These roads obtained in almost, if not every county within the state of 
Indiana, but after a few }ears trial were found expensi\-e luxuries and always 
getting out of repair, hence were soon abandonerl. 

Since i860 there have been constructed out of Shell )yville. as well as in 
other sections of the county, excellent gravel roads. The author is in pos- 
session of a list of such roads, in use as late as 1886 — the same here follows: 

Shelbyville and .Morristown. ten miles : Edinburg. Flat Rock and Xorris- 
town. eleven miles and a half: Mi.iunt Auburn and Lewis Creek, nine and a 
half miles: Jackson Grand, pi.adi. three miles: Shelbyville. Flat Rock and 
Norristown. twelve miles: Ibipu and Xorristowii. one and a half miles: Flat 
Rock and Waldron. five and a h.alf miles : County Line and Chapel, hve miles; 


Slielliy and Chapel, 5e\"cn miles. Count}- Line and Cliai)cl fue miles. W'akliHn 
and Middletown. one mile: Shelbyville and Columbus, tour and a halt miles; 
Shelbyville and Rushville. tour miles: Shelbyville and Manilla, ten miles; 
Lewis Creek ami Shelliyville. th.ree miles: Shelbyville, Smithland and Marietta, 
seven and a half miles; Michigan road, six miles: Shelbyville and P.randvwine, 
two and a half niilc^: Erandywine. Eogg-town and Sugar Creek, four miles: 
Fairland Company, fnur and a half miles: Shelbyville and Lidiauapolis, four 
miles: Fairland and Shelb}-ville. two miles :'Xorthern C<iunty. one mile; Eran- 
dywine Junction, one mile: ^forristown and Hano\er, five and three (luar- 
ters miles: Elite River ami Chapel, four miles: ^Marion Township. fi\-e and a 
half miles: ]\Iorri;on Turnpike ComjKuiy, fvar and a half miles. 

This made a total of gravel roads within the county, in i8S6, of one 
hundred and fifty-three miles, and had been operated by thirty different cor- 
porations. Aljout 18S3-S4 a radical change was brought about in Shelbv 
county b}- changing the old toll road system to a free public highway. Prior 
to that date the users of this road were compelled to pay a regular toll f<_)r 
passing" o\er it, but by a vote of the people about the date jvist mentioned, the 
property of all these various graded roads, surfaced with excellent gravel, 
held by pri\-ate corporations, was purchased b}- the county and throv,-n open to 
the public. Tliis was a great step in way of modern-day advancement an.d 
has proven a wise plan upon the part of the citizens of the county. 

The matter of bridging the vari large and small streams within 
Shelby county has ever been a great expense to the tax payers, Init nc't gruilg- 
ingl}' expended was this money, for generall}- speaking the walue of the sum 
thus appropriated was wisely expended, with possibly here and there an ex- 
ception. The early day bridge structures were necessarily of wood material, 
and of course did not last as long as modern bridges, of the stone and steel 
type. It was about 1S70 that the County Commissioners commenced a prac- 
tical system of bridge building over tlie principal streams. Ey 1S76 ten sub- 
stantial and elegant bridges, with stone butments and piers spanned tlie rivers 
and from that date on bridges of a better type were added annually until all 
streams were well provided with safe and easy crossings. At this time nothing 
but good bridges are contracted for, and when erected will stand, aside from 
any unforscen accident, for a generation or more, v.ith but the slight expense 
of supplying the drive ways with new planking. 

Some of the old style covered bridges with a wooden arched truss as a 
support may be seen in the county yet. One of this type is suspended across the 
Blue river in Shelbyville. the same having been built in 1S92. 



Tlie Imliaiia state statistical rcpi^rts fur llie year igo2 — seven years ago — 
placed the prriperty \aluations as indicated here: 

Lands and Inipro\'enients $io, 

Lots and Inijirovenients thereon 3,000,000 

Person;d I'ri'perty 5,000,000 

Railway l^-upcrty 1,644,222 

The above aniinintcd (together with the property held by telephone 
lines, etc.) irt a tuial of $20,356,593. 

In 1908. al the cluse of the accounting time, the amounts were: \'alue 
of lands in Shelby county, $10,059,120; land irnimnements, $1,543,500; 
value of lots in county, $1,537,615; improvements on lots, $1,775,730; per- 
sonal property valuation, $0,134,615. The nKirtgage indebtedncjs, $785,365. 
Total amount of property, less exemptions in the county, ($22,045,976) 
$22,100,000, in roun^l numbers. 


While the financial history of Slielln- county, during its first ten-year 
period, seems a little obscured by lack of proper records, yet there is a suf- 
ficient set of records to inform the present day citizen of the general financial 
condition for the first decade, which is generally the hardest to establish, as 
well as the most trying years in wliich a county has to contend financially. 
It should here be stated that the first few years the only source of revenue 
to Shelbv county was from the sale of town lots in the newly platted seat of 
justice, Shelby ville. These lots had been donated to the county by citizens 
who desired the commissioners to locate the county seat at this point, instead 
of at another point — ^^larion village being among the lively rivals. Tha 
first sale of lots occurred September 23. 1S22. Fifteen dollars and seventy- 
five cents were the total receipts for the first lot sale, in cash, the balance be- 
ing in notes and accounts. Xo one will ever know the amount, but it is believed 
that the approximate sum received from al! sales was about three thousand 
dollars. Hut unfortunately, the county agent became involved and was a 

The first tax was levied in 1822. the rates being as follows: Each liorse 
or mule, more than three years old, thirty-seven and a half cents; two-wheeled 
pleasure carriage, one dollar each; four wheeled pleasure carriages, one dol- 
lar and a half; three-year-old yoke of oxen, eighteen and a half cents: brass 
clock, one dollar-, pinchback, or silver watches, twenty-five cents; gold 
watches, one dollar. The first collection of taxes was in 1823, when there 


were taxes collecied aninumiiig- to tliree luiiulred frniilecn dollars ami .scvciUv- 
iivc cents: nK-rchants' licenses, seven dollars and fifty ceiu>: iMtel license-, 
twenty dollars. The dislnirsenienls for that year were foity-lhree dollars and 
eighty-seven cents in exce>s oi this anK.vnU. or three hundred ei.L;hly-six dol- 
lars and twelve ceiUs, showing the balance must have been "cash on hand" 
at the end of the first financial year in the county's history. 

It may not be withuut interest to the present generation to know of the 
countv's expenditures tor the first ten vears of its historv, up m the beginning 
of 1S33. 

iS_'3 $ 3S6.00 iSjq $ 723.00 

1824 S47.00 1S30 i,37o.oci 

1525 2.715.00 1831 757-00 

1526 39^-00 1832 1,198.00 

1827 227.00 

1828 1.256.0a Total s89,S76.oo 

Great is the contrast with that of 190S, the last year's statement rendered 
by the Commissioners of the county, wliich gi\-cs a tr.tal expenditure of 
$957,170 (almost a million dollars) with a balance on hand December 31. 
1 908, of 825,469. The County Commissiop.ers that year were George W. 
Gray. S. V. [Montgomery and George W. Snep]), with George B. Huntington 
as the efficier.t Auditor. 


Indiana was organized as a territory, July 4, 1800, and admitted as a 
state in December. 1816. The United States census gixe- the population of 
Shelbv countv lor the last eight decades, as follows: 

1830 6,295 1870 21.89: 

1840 12,005 1880 ^5.257 

1850 f 5-502 1890 25,45.1 

1S60 19-569 1900 26.491 

In 1900 the population by townships and wards was as follows: 

Brandywine township 1.358 I'nion township i.ioo 

JIanover township 1.865 Van Turen township i.3'"'0 

Hendricks township 1.705 \\'ashinglon township r,6o2 



Jackson townslii]) 1.140 SliL-lliyville. First Ward 1.244 

Marion township 86S Slu'llnx ille. Sccn.l W'anl.... i.O-jo 

Moral townshi]) 1.636 Sliclbyville, Third Ward 2.5 11 

Morristown ( exchisive of Ihni- Shclhyville. Fonrih Ward.... 2.71O 

over t(j\vnshii3j ^0^ Shclluxillc, l-ifih \\';ird .... 1 .6t)4 

Noble township I^SJC" Addison town.-Iiij) (rural)... 1.502 

Liberty township 1,420 

Shelby t(nvnship 1,251 Total in county 26.491 

Sugar Creek township 909 

In 1890 the total population of the coun.ty was 25,454. 

The 1900 census gave the total numlter of foreign born population as five 
hundred seventy-eight, di\ided among ditterent countries, as follows: Fc^rty- 
si.\- from England, eleven fn.m I'rance, three hundred sixty-three from Ger- 
many, fi\e from bb>lland. eightx'-three from Ireland, two from Italy, one 
from Poland, thirteen froiii Russia, ten from Scotland, two from Svveden, 
sixteen from Sv/itzerland, six from Wales, and two who were born at sea. 

Of the ciiies. town and villages within the county in igco it may be 
stated that their poiiulaticm at that date was: Cynthiana. 202: Waldron, 
500; Morristown, 565: ^It. Auburn. 163; Shelliyville 7,169. The citv last 
named, according t(.i the cit_\- director}-, in 1907, had increased to 12,474. 
Fairland has 407 pcipulation. 

CHAPTER \-in. 


Owin^:;- t(i the destructi' ^n of tlie records the presidential vote of 

will only he t;iven from 1S32. 


1S32— Tackson (Dem.) 743 

Clay I Whig- ) 4S5 

]8^/) — Yv.n Buren (Dem.)... 675 

Harrison (Whig) .... 6SS 

1840 — \'an r.nrcn (Dem.)... i .070 

Harrison (Whig) .... 1.016 

1S44— Polk (Dem.) 1.340 

Clav ('\\'hig) 1.107 

184S— Cass ( 1 )eni. ) i ,41 1 

Taylor (Whig) 1.122 

t8s2— Pierce Dem.) T.627 

Scott (Whig) ... 
1 8^6— Buchanan (Dem.) 

\"otc Year. 

1872 — Greeley (Liberal) 

Grant ( ]\ep. ) . . . . 

187C,— Tilden (Dem.) .. 

Hayes ( Rep.) . . . . 

1 8S0— Garfield (Rep.) . . 

Hancock ( Dem.) . 

\^"eaver (Ind.) . . 

1884 — Blaine (Rei).) . . . 

Cleveland ( Dem.) 

22 1888— Harrr^on (Rep.) . 

3j Cleveland ( Dem.) 

86 1892 — Harrison (Rep.) . 

7S ' Cleveland (Dem.) 

1896 — Bryan 1 Dem.) 

McKinley ( Rep.) . . . 
Levering- (Pro.) . . . 
Pahner ( Gold Dem.) 

Fremont (Rep.) 1.286 

American ( Know Xoth- 

ing-) 1.+2 

i860 — Douglas (Ind. Den-i.). 2.017 

Brcckenridge (Dem.) . 43 1900 — Bryan (Dem.) .. 

Bell (Union) 25 ^IcKinley (Rep.) 

Lincoln (Rep.) 1.900 1904 — Roosevelt (Rep.) 

1864— Lincoln (Rep.) 1,837 Parker (Dem.) . 

:\IcClel]an (Dem.) 2.22^, 1908— Taft (Rej).) 

1868— Grant (Rep.) 2.069 Bryan (Dem.) .. 

Sevmour (Dem.) .... 2.^92 


3. 1^3 



2.80 T 


3 -402 


The following is a list of the various men who have represented Shelby 
•cou!it}- in national, state and count}- affairs fron-i 1822 to 1909: 






\\'il!iam Hendricks. 



Juhn Call. 



Jonathan Jcnnin_ef5. 



Jonathan Jcnninijs.- 



Jonathan Jennings. 



John Carr. 



George S. Kennard. 



George .S. Kennard. 


William Herod (vacancy) 



William Herod. 



William W. Wick. 



Andrew Kennedy. 



\\"illiam T. Brown. 



\\'illiam W. Wick. 



^^"illiam W. Wick. 



Willis A. Gorman. 



\\'illis A. Gorman. 



Thomas A. Hendricks. 


Lucian Barbour. 



James M. Gregg. 



John G. Davis. 



Alhiert G. Porter. 



George W. Julian. 







James Gregr.iy. 



Thomas Hendricks. 



William Fowler. 



John ^^'alker. 



Joseph E. Xickall. 



John Y. Young. 



August C. Handy. 


1849-53 M. Sleeth. 


George W. Julian. 
George W. Julian. 
William S. Plolman. 
William S. Holman. 
\\'i11iam S. Holman. 
William S. Holman. 
Milton S. Robinson. 
Gilbert Delameter. 
V\'illiam S. Holman. 
\\'il!iam S. Plolman. 
\\'illiam S. Holman. 
William S. Holman. 
^\■illiam S. Holman. 
William S. Holman. 
\\'illiam S. Holman. 
Tames E. Watson. 
\A'i!liam S. Hr.lman. 
Francis 'SL Griffiih 
■James E. Watson. 
James E. \\"atson. 
James E. Watson. 
James E. \\'atson. 
James E. Watson. 

Gecirge W. Brown. 
David S. Gooding, 
^^lartin M. Ray. 
James L. Mason. 
Thomas G. Lee. 
Oliver J. Glessner. 
C. E. Tarlton. 
T. :\[. Howard. 


Since about 1S90 Shelby county has had joint relations with otlier coun- 
ties, hence the State Senator is not named in this connection. The county 
elected Will .\. Yarliilg to this office in 190S. 


Year. Year. 

1S23-26 Tliomas Hendricks. iS5<)-6i Jnlm],. .^^o^ty;omel"y. 

1826-27 Lewis r\Iorg-an. 1861-65 Jacob Mutz. 

1827-28 John Siuilev. 186^-67 Tames Harrison. 

182S-29 Sylvan P.. Mnrris. 1867-69 ]-:. C. Thalcher. 

1829-34 Rczin Davis. 1869-71 Isaac Odell. 

1534-35 Jacob Shank. ' 1S71-73 James. J. Curtis. 

1835-36 joliii Walker. ^^73-/5 "Samuei D. Spellman. 

^^3^^-37 i^-- Powell and ]->!. Gird. ^^7l-77 \\'illiam Patterson. 

1837-38 \\'. J. Peaslee and J. B. 1877-79 Chris Gcrton. 

Xickall. ■ 1879-81 Squire L. \'anpcit. 

1838-39 Peaslee and Powell. 1S81-83 Edmund Cooper. 

1839-41 ^\■iiIianl \A'. :McCov and T. 1S83-85 Jacob IMutz. 

B. Lucas. ' " 1SS5-87 Thomas Hoban. 

T84I-42 John Hendricks. 18S7-89 Charles ^lajor. 

1842-43 Fletcher Tcvis. 1889-90 Oliver Glessner. 

1843-45 A. C. Handy. 1890-92 B. S. Sutton. 

J 845-46 James M. Sleeth. 1892-94 William J. Lowe. 

iS46-.t7 Tames 'XL Sleeth. 1894-96 Roljcrt \A'. Harrison. 

1S47-4S \\"illiani ^Tajor. 1896-98 B. S. Sutton. 

1848-49 Thomas .\ Hendricks. 189S-02 Adam F. May. 

1848-51 Georcre A\'. Brown. 1902-04 David I^. Poer. 

1851-54 \A"illiam ^'Jajor. 1904-06 E. Playmond. 

1854-55 Samuel D. aialdson. 1906-08 Id. S. Downey. 

1855-59 Thomas .-\, ^TcEarland. 1908 Robert Tomlinson. 



When the county was first organized it was cHvidcd into four civil town- 
ships. These were se])arated by tlie congressional township lines through the 
county. Number 14 was called "Union": number 13 "]\larion" ; number 12 
"Hendricks" and numlier 1 1 "Xoble" civil township. 

It was not until 1S40 that a re-organization of th.e tnwnsliips within 
Shelby county was effected. It should be here stated that at the Mav board 
meeting in 1S22 the name of "Union" township was changed to Harrison, and 
that of "Clarion" to Shelby. Addison township was organized Februaiy 11, 
1823; Sugar Creek ^lay 13. 1823; Liberty ^larch 5. 1827, and r^Ionroe, May, 
183 1 : Fleming. Hanover and Aloral were all among those fL>rnied prior to 
1840, when the general re-organization took place. 

At a meeting of the county board in January. 1840 — date of re-organiza- 
tion — Jackson was formed out of the territory of Township 11, Range 6 east, 
and all of Township 1 1. Range 5 east, lying in Shelby o.uiity. The re-organi- 
zation of the balance of the county has been described in the cha[)ter on 
County Organizatinn. which gives the boundaries of each. 

C^mmen.cing in the northeastern part of the county, it ma\' be stated that 
Hanover township is found, and its history is here given : 


Hanover, bounded by the north line of the county, as well as that of 
the eastern line, is north of Union and a portion of Marion tDwnships. with \'an 
Buren on the west. It comprises twenty-fi\-e full and fi\'e half sections of land, 
the half sections being along its western border. It contains a little over 17,000 
acres. A\'ithin this sub-division of Shelby count}- there have been three villages 
platted — Morristown, 'Sla.y 3, 1828, which in 1876 had a population of 225: 
is now an incorporated place with a population of alxjut 600. Free[)ort, 
platted .March 7, 1836. had in 1876 a population of sixty. Gwynneville, plat- 
ted January 25, 1881. The line of the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Rail- 
road passes through the northeastern part of this township, which is a fine agri- 
cultural section. Its first settlement has already been treated in general with 
others in the "Early Settlement" chapter in this work, hence will not be repeated 

According to the latest United States census, Hanover township contained 
a papulation of 1,865. 


In KjOC). thi^ townsliip wa^ su]-)plie<.l with seven schdjl buildins^s; liad 
an enrullnient of .233 pupils and had a high standard in educational 

The township according to the latest assessment had SjT,T,r-,yo valuation. 

Its jjopulatiein is made up, for the most part, of thrifty farmers who have 
become owners and tillers of the soil and hence are among Shelby county's 
most indeiiendent and intellectual populace. In the matter of religious tenden- 
cies, let it be stated iri this connection that Hanover township has supported ex- 
cellent clunxhcs from the early days to the present. 


This is one of the three northern townships within the cotmty, it being 
the central of the three. It is on the Hancock county line: to its cast is Tlan- 
over township; to its south is ^Marion and a portion of Brandywine township, 
while it is bounded on the west by [Moral township. It is made up of twenty- 
five full and five half sections, making it five and one-half miles square, equal 
to 17.507 acres, according to the government survey. The only village plat- 
ted within \'an Buren township is that of F"ountainiown on the northern line. 
This place was platted by r>.Iatthew Fountain, December 23, 1854: in 1876 it 
contained a population of about 260, but has never grown to any extent. Its 
business interests are treated at anotlier place, under the head of towns and 
villages. It is situated on the line of the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Rail- 
road, which road passes through the extreme northeastern portion of the town- 
ship. (See "lilarlv Settlement" chapter fur th.e pioneers of this township.) 
The population of \^an Buren township in 1900 was 1.300. At date it is 
well supplied with public schools, having eight school buildings, with an en- 
rollment of 259 ]mpils, who are taught by none but the best of instructors. 

The valuation placed on the property of the township (half of its true 
value) in 1908 was 5731,540. 

From an early date, the citizens of this goodly township have been among 
the most law-abiding and industrious class of citizens within this county and 
have been represented in the various county offices and always proven them- 
selves worthy of such public trust. 


[The facts herein narrated are largely die result of research, on the part 
of Bertha Farthing, with such changes and corrections as we deemed proper 
to make.] 

Union township was one of the four original township; within Shelby 
countv, having, together with Marion, Hendricks and Xoble constituted the 



original sub-c!i\isi. .n^. as ordered by the county commi^^i.]ners, on A])ril 9. 
]S2_'. Tlicn "L'ni...n" township embraced all the north quarter of the county's 
territory. Januar_\- S. iS.|o. the commissioners re-organized the to\vn>Iiips and 
created new siil.-division>-. John Sleeth. Joseph Dawson and James Robertson 
being then County Commissioners. It was at that date that Union took on 
it present size and boundaries. It is in the eastern tier of civil townships and 
is bounded on the north by Hanover township ; on the east bv the Shelby-Rush 
county line; S' uth by Liberty township and on the west by ^vlarioii and Ad- 
dison townships. In extent, it is four miles from cast to west and seven 
from north to south. It contains twenty-eigjit sections, or 16.606 acres. Tlie 
assessed valuation of the property in this township in 1908 was S702.4S5. It 
had a population in 1900 of i.ioo people. Its school enrollment for the year 
190S was 205, \\hile its school-houses numbered eight — all good brick struct- 

Ray's Crossing is the only hamlet within the borders of Union township; 
this is mentioned under another lieading — "Towns and A'illages". The Cam- 
bridge City branch of the JeiTersonviUe. :\Iadiscn & Indianapolis Railroad 
which passes diagonally through the territon.- from soutliwest to northeast, with 
its station point at Ray's Crossing. This lianilet has four stores, a blacksmith's 
shop, saw mill, tile factory, church, school and one of the best grain elevators 
in Shelby county. Large amounts of grain, poultry and other farm products 
are shipped irom this t jwnship every month, of the year. The township has the 
benefits of the rural free delivery of mail. That the religious element predomi- 
nates, it only need be stated that here and there, throughout the township, there 
are five church edifices, including the United Bretliren, th.e Christian, the 
Christian Union and the German church. 

Of the topography of this section of the county, let it be stated that the 
surface is generally level and covered by heavy timber originallv, including 
species of walnut, oak, ash, beech, sugar maple, etc., but this has nearlv all 
been cut ofl' and the ground thoroughly ditched with tile. This is also within 
the ga.-, belt of Shelby county and a majority of the population use this for 
light and heat. Conn's creek runs through the southeastern part of the town- 
ship ; good grave! and sand are found along' this and other small streams. 
From northeast to southwest, the Little Blue river course^ its meandering way 
and this is spanned by four substantial bridges. The Rushville state road 
passes through Union township and the many gravel roads are kept in excel- 
lent repair. 

Of the populatinn now living, as well as those who formerly settled in this 
goodly section of the county, it should be said that one of the most thriftv 
community of Germans f.jund in Indiana is located in the southeastern part of 
the territory. The Americans had taken up all the availa'ole lands, as thcv 
saw availability, and this section was low and marshy, but under the Germans' 
hands it has been reclaimed and made one of the finest sections of the state. 


Five Gcniinn families came thither in 1832 and entered two and a fourth sec- 
tions of thii land and others soon followed. 

The northwestern part was settled by the Quakers from Xorth Carolina. 
In the southwest, the first comers were larg-cly from Kentucky. 

At an early day there were numerous little saw and grist mills along the 
streams in Lhiion township, but have long since gone to decaw 

From 1S30 to 1845 'I»<^ still-house was a great indu~trv aivl whiskv was 
produced from com and sold direct to consumers. One gallnn was given for 
a bushel of corn. 

Of the former people of this township it sh.^uld be said that many achieved 
success, including Alonzo L. Rice, a teacher, \\h() won high reputation as 
a famous poet; Alathew E. Phares, James AI. Smith, David Houston, John 
Phares,- Joseph A. Cotton and J. L. Brown are all successful ministers of the 
Gospel and once lived, in fact were reared, here. 

Among the Friends (/'Quakers") were the Earnards, ?\Iacys, Pitts and 

Among the Kentuckians — Thomas and Reason \Mieeler. Xoah Barnes, 
James RobcrtMin, Thomas ]\Ioberly and William Roberrson. 

Thomas Wicker, one of the pioneer band, still survives and is now eighty- 
six } ears of age. 

In other parts of the township the early settlers were: William Cotton. 
Peter Dewitt, .Mathew C. Brown, John Derrickson, Bennett, \\'. X. 
Bennett, James B. Gunning, John Glenn, Isaac I'hares, Robert Brown. ]\Io5es 
Linville and Josei>h Talbert. 

The i)eoplc of this township are a happy and thoroughly i)rosperous people, 
who appreciate what it has cost to subdue early-day L'nion township, to cause 
it to bloom as the rose. 

MARiox l0^\■xs^I^. 

Second from the north, as well as from the east in Slielby county, is Cla- 
rion township, orjc oi th.e four original sub-divisirms in the C(junt_\', and at on.e 
time embracing one-fourth of all the county. It is south of \"an Euren and 
Hanover townshiiis, west of Union, north of Addison and east of Brandywine 
townsliips. It is five miles square, containing twenty-five sections of 
very excellent farming land. The total acreage of this tc^wnship is fifteen thou- 
sand two hundred seventy-eight acres. The total assessed valuation of the 
township in 1908 was six lumdred twenty-two thousand nine hundred fifteen. 
Its population, mostly American born, in 19CO was eiglu hundred sixty-eiglit. 
In it is found most excellent schools, with an enrollment of one lumdred seven- 
ty-four pupils, who are provided for by six mod.ern school-houses, and an ex- 
cellent corps of teachers. 

\\'ithin this lownsh.ip, as now described, was platted the old town of 


"r^Iarion," which plattint;- was cxccuied Ijcforc the county was really ory^anized 
and recorded in Frankhn county, of whicli this was tlien a part. It was platted 
by the first settler in the county. James Wilson, and hid lair to heconie the ct)un- 
ty seat, Ijut finally the juggling' process went on with llie locating committee, ■ 
who filially detcrniined to place it at tlie licst i)0ssih!e p'^int within tlu- cinuUy. 
hence lixaled it at Shelbyville. "Marion" village is treated elsewhere in this 
work, hence need not here he reijcated. It is ain<ing the long ago extinct 
plaltings of this county. 

The township and village were bnli named in honor of (General Francis 
Marion, of Revolutionary war fame. 

This township has no railroad ov tow n at this date. It is an excellent farm- 
ing section and the farmers have subdued and kept alive the agricultural ele- 
ments, thus reaping their annual harvest in abundance. 

Regarding the pioneer settlers much is found in the "Early Sctiknient" 
chapter concerning them and their meihrjds of li\ing in a new section of the 


Sugar Creek township is in the second tier from the north line of Shelby 
county; is bounded by floral township on the north, by Brandywine on the 
east, by Hendricks on the south and by the count}- line on the west. In extent of 
territory it is four by six miles, containing thirty sections, or fourteen tliousand 
seven hundred se\'enty-se\en acres of land. It is traversed bv two lines of rail- 
way — the main line, from Indianapolis to Cincinnati that passes through its 
northeastern corner and the branch diverging from a point in Brandywine 
township ]>asses through the southeastern part of Sugar Creek on into John- 
son county. 

.\t an early date this township was conspicuou.s in the history of not only 
Shelby county, but the entire state, figuring as it did in the famous "Boggsiown 
Resohitions," wliich amounted to acts of would-be secession, just at the break- 
ing out of the Civil war, and which proceedings are fully and fairly treated at 
another place in this volume. In lyoo the United States census gave the jx-pu- 
lation of Sugar Creek township at nine hundred nine. In its public school sys- 
tem it has ever kept abreast of its sister townships, and at a very early date pos- 
sessed a great number of debating societies in which it is related that there were 
few great current problems before the American people whicli these debating 
societies did not attempt to solve, by their research and eloquence. At this time 
the number of school-houses within the township is si.x and th.e total enrollment 
of such schools in 190S was one hundred eighty-four. 

The property ('assessed valuation) of the townsliip is according to the 
latest countv records six hundred twentv-one thousand nine hundred fortv dol- 


lars. It is a liighl_\- cnltix'atcd farm district and tlirift is seen on almost cverv 
section within its terriii.>ry. 

Tlic villages ]-)latted in Supar Creek town^hii) are: D( ihlesxille. platted 
Ocltil>er, 1837, which in 1S75 had Init ten jMipnlation : Ihinghljurg (now Bog-gs- 
tuwn), platted jnly lu, 183S, with a p. .pulation as late as 1875 "'' sevent}-hve. 
An account of this village is given under the heading of ■'Towns andA'illages." 


iNIoral is the extreme nortlieastern sub-divi->ii m of Slielhy county. It is 
sotith of the Hancock county line : west of \'an I'.uren tnw nship and tw.i sections 
of the territory of P-randiywine township; mirth nf li^th I.'randywine and Sugar 
Creek townships and east of Johnson county line. The railroad from Indianap- 
olis to Shell-Awille passes .through the southwestern corner. The village plat- 
tings of Pleasant \'iew and Brooklield. as well as London post-oftice, arc 
within this townshij). Its territory emprises thirty-six sccti:ais of land, and 
is one of two of the largest townships within the cimnty. In 190S there was an 
assessed valuation of property to the amount of nine hundred thirty-eigh.t thcai- 
sand three hundred eight}--five dollars. The population in 1900. accortling to 
the irnitcd States Census returns was one thousand six hunch'ed thirty-six. 
In educational matters this townslii]! is abo\-e the average in Shelby county. 
The superintendent's report for 1908 shows it to have had at that date an en- 
rollment of pupils of two hundred eighty-fi\-e. while it was supplied with ten 
school buildings, all of which were being used. 

In religious life, the jieople of this township ha\e been di\'ided into many 
denominational classes. Churches have i.ieen liuilt in both the villages and in 
the rural section, as well, has the matter of church ser\ices been carried on 
from the earliest settlement 

From amop.g the people of this township have gcine forth into the va- 
rious callings in life, both men and women who have made for thentselves a 
mark in the world, in both a financial and educational sense. 

The fertile soil of this section of Shelby county has been carefully cared 
for and tilled year after year, in a manner in which the cnips and profits have 
indeed been inlmensel}' i)r')fitable. The farm-homes, here and th.ere o\'er titc 
township, are the best evidence of the thrift of the citizens and land-owners. 

The names of some of the pioneer settlers of this townshij) are given in 
the Early Settlement chapter of this work. For a history of the various vil- 
lages the reader is referred tc) "Tow ns and Villages." in this \'i:ilume. 


In the second tier of townships from the ntirth and also second in numlx-r 
from the w-est side of Slielby county, is Brandywine township. It is situated 
south of Moral and \'an Buren tr.wnships; cast of Marion and .\ddison ; north 


of Afl(li>on and Heiidiick?. and east of Su.c^ar Creek townships. It is a \'ei"v 
peculiar, irrct;ular shajie and contains Init t\\"ent_\--t\\o sections of land, aniotmt- 
ing to thirteen thousand live hundred acres in round figures. Tiie railway 
passes throu£;"h tlie centei- oi this township, in a diagonal direction from north- 
we^t to southeast. The vilkige of Fairlaiid was platted in the northwest part 
of the township, as now described, October 21, 1852, and in 1S76 had a popu- 
lation of al)0ut live hundred and has never gained rm this number, and has 
now fiur luuulred seven. See "Towns and \inages" for the history of 
this hamlet. 

The population of Bi"andywine town.ship, including the village of Fair- 
land, in 1900 was one thousand three hundred fifty-eight. The townsliip is pure- 
ly an agrictiltural section — one of the best in the entire county, in many re- 
spects. Its property valuation (assessed value) in 190S was five hundred 
seventy-eight thousand one hundred fifteen dollars. In schools it ranks well 
with the a\erage townsliip r.f th.e cijuiU}-. It has l^cen provided with six good 
school Iniikjings, and the total niunber of ].)U]iils enrolled in 190S, as shown b\' 
the county school reports, was two hitudrcd eighty-four. 

Its population is largely of American birth and highly prosperrms. The 
religious sentiment has always predominated here and chtnxhes. as well as 
school, have ever been uppermost in the minds of the inhabitants. A'arious 
denominations are here represented to a good degree. 


This t':)wnship is the subdivision of Shelby county in which the county 
scat, Slielbyville. is located. In extent it is fotu' b}- se\'en miles, lieing four miles 
wide from north to south, while it is seven east and v.-est. It contains twenty- 
eight sections of land, equal to seventeen thousand nine hundred tw cnty acres. 
It is situated south of Alarion and a part of Brandywine townships; west of 
Union and Liberty : north ot Shelby and east of Hendricks and a portion of 
Brandywine townships. This township was created by the County Commis- 
sioners in 1840 when the county was re-org-anized into different townships from 
the four originally made. Slielbyville. the seat of justice for the county, is the 
only platted place within its liorders. (See history proper of "Slielbyville 
City.") The first settlements in the county were eft'ected in Marion and what 
is now known as Addison ti iwnships and this has been gone over in the chapter 
on "Settlement," hence will not be further referred to. 

In 1900, according to the United States census reports, Addison town- 
ship, outside of the city of Shelbyville, contained one thousand five hundred 
two people. It had an assessed valuation of property amounting to nine hun- 
dred eighty-two thousand one hundred in 1908. In the matter of school- 
houses, the su])erintcndent"s annual report for 1908, gives si.x school buildings. 



with an enrollment of une hundred seventv-fjve pupils— outside of the citv of 

Its religious and civic, as well as general social relations, are almost iden- 
tical with those of liie city, and will be mentmned in its special history. 

. " HEXDRICKS TOWX.sJIir. , . • 

Hendricks township is situated on the western line of Shell.v countv. the 
second Imm the southern border, with Clarion countv on its west; Suqar 
Creek and IJrandywine on the north; and Shelbv on the cast and Jat'k- 
son and a small fraction of Washington on its south. This was the nan'ie r,f 
one of th.c four L.riginal sub-flivisions of the county, c-nd up to 1S40 included 
a fourth of the county, but in the re-organization of townships which took place 
m 1840 in the montli of April, it took on smaller territoiw and is now de- 
scribed as being a territory six miles north and south and sc'ven east and west, 
hence contains thirty-six sections, equal to iwcnty-thrce thousand eight b.un.lreii 
eighty acres of land. It had an asses^sed valuation in 190S of iihie hundred 
sixly-two thousand three hundred sixtv-five. It now lias two villaoe plats 
— Smithland and .Marietta. It has no railroads or trading points at 
tins date, but depends on the splendid facilities and in.lucements oiTered at 
the couiuy scat— Shelbyville, which is only three miles from its eastern border. 

This township has ever taken a likely interest in educational affairs, and 
in 1908 was accortling to the county school superintendent's report, making 
use of ten school buildings, with an enrollment of three hundred thirteen 
pupils, instructed b_\- an able corps of instructors. 

Its population in 1900 was one thousand seven hundred tivc. The vil- 
lages mentioned as having been once in existence in Hendricks township were 
platted as follows: Alarietta, Jmie ig. 1S39; Smithland, plalled October 2S. 
1S51. (See "Village History"' for their description.) 

Hendricks township is one of the several excellent farming sections of 
Shelby county, and its people have become independent and forehanded with 
the march of years, ^\dlile the earlier settlers had manv hardships to enrlure 
the present generation has been reaping from the sowing of their forefather. ' 
and grandfathers, especially, who bore the heat and the burden of the true 
pioneer times m Shelbv countv. 


Jackson is the extreme southwestern township in Slielbv countv, is bound- 
ed by the county lines on the south and west; bv Hendricks township on the 
north, and Washington township on the east. It is six miles from north to 
south and f^ve and one-half miles from east to west. It contains alx.ut twentv 
thousand acres of land. 


One of llic earlie>t settlement? made in Shelliy county was cft'ected in tltis 
pait iri the countv. It was wliat was long known as the "llaw J'atcli Settle- 
nienl." three miles to the noftheast of Eilinhurg-. Many df the early settlers 
of this township hecame prominent in the affairs of the county. The first coun- 
tv Clerk of Shelby cinmty came fniii this township — CMoiiel Hiram AlKlrtdge. 
He held such ofl'ice until his death some time in the thirties. Other prominent 
settlers of this township were: Judge Joesph Dawson, Rev. James Clark, 
;Moses Pruitt. Judge Joshua B. Lucas, Zachariah Collins. Rev. Alfred Phelps, 
Ivorv H. Leggett. Dr. Benjamin .Sanders, John Cutsinger, Jacob Wirtz, David, 
and Jesse Scott, Abner ConncM", John and George \\'arner and Dr. A. T. 

Mount Auburn is the only village platted within Jackson township. See 
"Towns and \'illages"' in this volume for its history. It now has about one 
hundred sixtv population. It is situated at the exact geographical center of the 
township: is tweUe iuiles southwest of Shelbyxille. It was originally named 
"Black Hawk." 

In 1900 the population of Jackson township was one thcusand one hundred 
forty. The assessed valuation of the property in 190S was nine htmdred eight 
thousand six hundred twenty-five dollars. In schools this township is fully 
up to the staudard of other sub-divisicns in Shelby county. According to of- 
ficial figures in 1908 there were seven school-houses and an enrollment of two 
hundred pupils in this township. 

The chief l.iusiness of the inhabitants of Jackson township is that of up-to- 
date agriculture, with all that this means today. The many farms and excel- 
lent improvements here found disclose the fact that during the past th.e tillers 
of the soil have been ever Inisy at reclaiming and developing what was at an 
earlv time a wild anrl uncultivated section wherein many a hardlship was gone 
tln-ough with in order to set the first stakes of true civilizati^jn. 


Washington is the central of the south tier of townships in Shelby county, 
and borders on the southern line of tlie county. In extent of territory it is five 
and one-lialf miles bv six miles, being six miles from north to south. It contains 
thirty-three sections .jf land, equal to twenty-one thousand one hundred twen- 
ty-five acres. Its early settlement been included with the general early set- 
tlement of the county. In 1900 it had a population of one thousand six hundred 
ninety-two. Its sch(jol-hou5es numbered five, while its enrollment of pupils was 
in 1908, according to the County Superinten<lent"s report, three hitndrecl fifty- 
eight. At tlic same date the township had an assessed valuation of property 
amounting to eight hundred eighty-three thousand nine hundred forty-five 


M;n- 3. 1828. tliere was plnttci.l a town within this townslnj) as now (!e- 
scriijcd. but tlu-n in oul' of the four orii;inal sul)-(li\ isions of the county. This 
town was called Xonistow n and was on section jTi. At one time it had a 
tradint^ ])ciint history, treated at another place, under head of "Towns antl 
\'illages."' It has luny since l)een extinct. The only vill.iQc within Washing- 
ton township at this ilaie is Lewis Creek, a railroad station ])'iint. 

Jackson townshij) is to the west of this township: Shell)y on the north, 
and Xoble to the east, while the county line is to the south. Its farming' coin- 
ninnities are indeed excellent and its populace are among the well-to-do agri- 
culturists within tlie county. 

l-'roni this part of Shelby couniy there ha\e gone out into the great busy 
world many young men and youths who have made their mark in the various 
useful and honorable callings of life. 

With good educational facilities, church advantages, telephone, free ru- 
ral mail ser\ ice and railroads, this people are highly favored and with sucli 
modern-day improvenierits have made rapid strides in the way of advance- 
ment, ex'er keeping full pace with the sister townships of Shelby ciunity. 


Shelby, named for the county, cif wdiicli it is a sub-division, is the center 
township in the county, and the second from the southern line. It is four 
miles from north to south and seven miles from east to west. It^ area ciivers 
twenty-eight sections of land, erjual to 17.920 acres. It is one of the last 
townships created by tlie county commissioners, the date being June 26. 1882. 
It was settled, as was Addison, by pioneers whose names ha\e already beeii 
mentioned in other chapters. In igoS its assessed valuation was $836,450. 
The census of 1900 gave this township a population of 1,251. In 1908 it con- 
tained eight excellent school buildings, witli an enrollment of 253 pupils. 

The Pennsylvania (branch line) Railroad passes through this township 
from north to south, in a diagonal course, and has a station point at Fenns, in 
the southern part of the township, and alx^ut t'lve miles to the southwest of 
She]by\ille. The railroad from IndianaiU'lis to Cincinnati passes througli 
the extreme northeastern corner of tliis township. This is another one of the 
feeders for the enterprising city of Shelby\ille. wdiere the majority of trading 
is accomplished by her hundreds of thrifty agriculturists. Possessing a good 
and fertile soil and ha\ing been duly appreciated and tilled for a long 
series of \-ears. it has de'.'el<jped into one of the choicest portions of Shelby 

Its social and religious in.terests are allie^d largely with the jienple of 
the citv of Shelbvville. who are their near neighbors on the north. 

96 chadwtck's iii.-kirv of shei.p.v co., ind. 

likektv township. 
(By Marie V. Hig^ins.) 

Liberty lownsliip is on tlie eastern line o\ tliis cjunty ' is east of Rush 
county; north of Xnhle township, in Shelby cuuniv: west of SIiel]i\- an<l Ad- 
dison townships and south of Union township. In territorial extent this sub- 
division of Shelby county is four miles from east to west i)v si.x mile> nurth and 
south. It contains twenty-four sections of land, amounting to about 15,000 
acres. Its assessed valuation, in 1908. amounted to 8686,495. 

In its educational advantages, it has always ranked high with its sister 
townships, having in 1908. as per official rep<:)rts. six schoo!-hou-es, and an 
enrollment uf 262 pupils, who are taught by none but competent instructors. 

The population cf this township in looo, according to official Count, was 

This was one <''f the townships made in the re-organJzalion of tnwr.ships 
in April. 1S40. 

Themain line of the Indianapolis and Cincinnati railway passes 
the e.xtreme southwestern corner of Liberty township, with a station at the 
villag'e of V\'aldron, a place of over four hinidred population at the present 
time. (See 'A'illagc History.") Anrithcr village was platted \v!lhin this 
township, June 19, 1S29 — known as ^.liddletown. which was situated on sec- 
tions 2^ and 26. but has long been numbered among the extinct places of 
which Shelby county boasts of so many of an early-day make. In iSy^ this 
village had a population of near two hundred. 

Cynl'hianna, another village, was platted August 19, 1835; had one hun- 
dred people in 1S76 and now has increased to 202. It is located in the north- 
eastern part of the township. It is eight miles to the east of Shelbyville. 

Tliis with Union tr>wnsliip on its north has been noted many years for tlie 
thrift and genuine prosperity of its excellent class of farmers. 


Xoble townsliip is the extreme southeastern sub-division of Shelby county. 
It is bounded on the east by the county line, also on the south and to iis west 
is found ^^'ashingto^ township, while to its north is Liberty and two miles 
of Shelby township. It has the distinction of being the only actually square 
township in Shelby county, it being made of thirty-si.x full sections of land. 
Its domain includes 23,040 acres of excellent agricultural lands. The Indi- 
anapolis and Cincinnati railway line barely touches its northeastern corner. It 
was one of the pioneer townships laid off in this county, being one of the 
original four sub-d!\'isions. and continued so to be until April, 1S40, wiien 
its territory was cut to its present size and shape. 



In 1900 it was shewn to have a populatinn of 1,576. Its assessed vaUia- 

in 1908 was. acci>r(h'ng to the (jtiicial bc:>oks, SS96.340. 

Its educational advantages are shov/n by the superintendent's report lor 
190S, in wliich it is given as iiaving nine godd school buildings, with an. 
cnrollmer.t ^if- j;'5 pupil.-. 

\\'ithin Xoble town.ship there have been lunnerous villages platted, includ- 
ing — Geneva, platted October 28, 1S53: Mt. I'leasant, ])latted June 2, 1S31 ; 
St. Paul, platted April 4, 1856. ( For an account of these villages the reader 
is respectfully referred to the chapter on "Towns and Villages" in this volume.) 

The churches and schools of this section have kept pace with those of any 
other part of Shelby county. Its people are highly intelligent and for the 
most part, are today in a prosperous condition. As an agricultural section this 
township is indeed one of the best in all this part of Indiana in manv respects. 


■ . CHAPTER X. . . 

'. . . MILITARY inS'J'ORV. 


War has ever l)een the way (.1 settling great tribal and national differences, 
even from the first advent mi men on this globe. With all that advanced 
thinkers. i)hil( ;s. 'ijlicrs. ilieMrists and non-combatants may iiave to offer against 
war, thns far no great progress has been achie\ed among the people of un- 
civilized and civilized, yes and Christian nations, save bv the use of the sword 
and gun. That the da_\- may come when all swords shall be beaten into plow 
shares or jiruning hooks, is to be lioped. The idea of settling difficulties be- 
tween contending forces, stales and nations, by means of cool, deliberate arbi- 
tration, has cnme now-a-days to assume a hopeful outlook, and will no doubt, 
sooner or later, obtain in the minds of the great nations existing on this earth. 

The first of the great conflicts in this country after the organization of 
Shelby county was that known indiistory as the ^lexica^ war,, from 1S46-4S. 
Shelby county proved her loyalty in that short but decisive struggle. Two 
companies were raised and mustered into United States service f.^r that war 
from Shelby county. The first of such companies left for the front in Tune, 
i8.|6. This was Company H, of the Third Indiana Regiment of \'olunteers. 
Its officers were Voorhis Conover, captain; Samuel :\IcKinsey. first lieutenant; 
William Aldridge. second lieutenant, and Jonathan Keith, third lieutenant. 
It was a full compaii}- and served one year. It was in no large engagements, 
save the battle of Uuena \'ista. It returned home in July, 1S47. Another 
company was at once organized by Lieutenant ^vIcKinsey. who was chosen 
captain. P.ut little, at this late date, can be learned of the movements of this 
company, as the war soon ended after they reached ilexico. 

At the date of April S. igoQ. there were at least three :\Iexican soldiers 
still surviving and living in Shelby county — William Elliott, of Shelbvville; 
Henry ^l. luisley. of Eairland. and Benjamin I'oon. of Eairland. All are 
o\-er eighty years cif age. 


The Rebellion, or great Civil war. between tlie Xorth and the South, in .\pnl. iSAi. and ending in the defeat of the Southern Confed- 


erac\\ in the spring- "f 1865. is sn well knt'wn in liist'U'y th;it its cause will 
not here be entered into. It may bo said in passing, however, that slavery was 
the real cause of this conflict, and th;'.t the world has never seen so great a 
civil strife, and one so far-reaching in its general influence in defining, for all 
time, the true meaning of the woril liberty. 

The campaign of 1S60. in which Abraham Lincoln was nominated l'_>r 
President, was one of unusual excitement in Shelby coiuit}-. The fad that 
Thomas A. Hendricks, then of Shelbyvillc, was the candidate for fiovern<jr 
of Indiana, at tlial time. ga\'e added interest and zeal in the campaign. Rallies 
were had in all parts of the county, heated discussions ensued, and men on both 
sides were fullv abreast to tlie great conflict that was about to darken the po- 
litical horizon of the nation. The Republican ■■\\'idc-aA\'ake"" clubs and the 
Democratic "I-Iickiir\" clubs, each had much of the '-pirit of fire. }\\v. Hen- 
dricks carried his home county by two hundred and fort\-two \ cites, while he 
-was defeated in the state by ]\Ir. Lane, by almost ten thousand. This set the 
pace for party workers in tlie Republican ranks of Shelby county. At the fall 
election Indiana went strong for Lincoln, and in Shelby county his vote was 
one thousand nine hundred against two thousand forty-seven for Stephen A. 
Douglas. Lincoln was elected, having received one hun.dred eighty electoral 
votes out of the three hundred three cast for President. The news soon fol- 
low-ed that secession of the Southern states was next in order, at which intelli- 
gence many a stout heart faltered. 

Saturdav. January 19. iSGr. there was a call fi;r a mass meeting "irre- 
spective of party" to 1)C held at the court-house, in Shelbyvillc. were 
made bv lames yi. Sleetli. James Harrison, and Thumas A. Hendricks, on 
behalf the Ik-nmcratb. and by Captain I'randwine ami Jasper H. Sprague, 
Republicans. A dispute arose and lience the double ^-et of resolutions offered 
did not pass. 

"The Faiiwus Boggsloicii Rcsolutious:'' and the meeting at wdiich they 
were offered, in Sugar Creek township, Shelby county, at a school-house, Sat- 
urdav, February 16, 1S61, were the subject of a well handled article by the 
secretary of that gatliering — William R. Xorris — and from it we make ex- 
tracts, and draw facts for this historic item, that it may be correctly recorded in 
the latest local history of the county, where the occurrences transpired. 

This meeting had been well advertised; the school-house was full to ovcr- 
ike the cnuntrv at large, greatly excited. Tb.e eve- 
and threatening, as was the political aspect of the 
The meeting was organized at one o'clock sliarp. 
Wanee as president and William R. Xorris. secre- 
Shelbyville. at a later date. Then. Sugar Creek 
d mure deflating talent than any other township in 
;inv vears. at Ruggst iwn. the>e deflates had been 


[ and the audi 


ning w 

■as mild, but cl'iud_\ 


itself, at tliat 


by the 

election of W" 

. C. L 

tary, both being citi: 

/er.s ( 


lip probably p' 


the ent 

ire countv. 

For n 


going on, until all could puMically express their views, whether in good 
English or not. they had their say on all great suhjects coming up for solu- 
tion. Old horny-handed farmers and their s<.ns all joined in the debates. 
There were then three Democrats to one Rcinililicau within Sugar Creek town- 
ship. I'lic president, or "chairman," appointed T^r. ]. W . '>'.nc]<cv and ^^■il- 
liam i\. Xorris as a committee on resnlmions. d"he.-e gentlemen repaired tn the 
outside and to the back end of the old school-house for consultation. D.xtor 
Smelser drew from his pocket a "cut and dried" 'set of resolutions, prepared 
by himself and a cousin from Kentucky — a ^Ir. Fullalove — who had been 
visiting there two weelo. and who desired to take the resolutions to his home 
in Louisville. Kentucky, and have the same published as the true sentiment of 
.the people in one of the banner inland townships of Indiana. Doctor Smelser 
returned to the building and read the resolutions and spoke twentv minutes on 
them. Xorris followed in support of the same in an eloquent appeal. 

Next the president stood upon his feet and drawing a book from his 
pocket, proceeded to read in a most excellent manner, a treatise on the "Hor- 
rors and Terrors of War." This occupied ten minutes or more. These three 
"clinchers." in favor of the adoption of the resolutions, seemed to indicate that 
all was a one-sided afl'air. and that a vote would be unanimous, but a little 
later Dr. William G. ?iIcFadden. a young physician and ardent Republican 
who lived and practiced near Boggstown. and who afterward became one of 
the highly honored citizens of Shelbyville. called for the reading of the reso- 
lution again, which \^•as done by the secretarv. 

The young doctor took exceptions and made a radical speech against the 
sentiments contained in the resolutions — especially tlie latter sections. He 
favored union, if possible without war. but union at all hazards, even if civil 
conflict must ensue. lie created a profound sensation among those present 
in the school-house on that eventful occasion. The secretary. ]\Ir. Xorris, 
sprang to his feet and argued strongly in favor of the proposed resolution, 
on the ground that "God Almighty and nature designed them to be one in- 
divisible, that as the water of our state flowed to the r^Iississijipi. and the ]\Iis- 
sissippi to the Gulf — nature herself had pointed out our destiny — that as for 
his part, he was born with Southern blood in his veins, that he could never go 
back to his native state, old Kentucky, that he had lived, as they were all aware, 
for more than two years quite recently, in the land of border ruflians, \\'estern 
]Missouri, right in the hot-bed of negro slavery, where they all owned slaves — 
that to his certain knowledge Western Missouri was a perfect nigger's para- 
dise, that the sla\es w ere well treated, many of them better than the}- deserved." 
That from his knowledge of Southern slave-holders, he would much prefer 
going among them if they did secede and leave the Union, to allying himself 
to the hypocritical, cunning- crafty, foxy, blue-bellied Yankees of the Xew 


England states — and a great deal more was added !:>}" the secretary in defense 
of liis position. 

Doctor Smelser followed with an earnest appeal in liehalf of the Soutli, 
stating that he was posted al)ont the c^nditiMn in the slave states, and insisted 
that the "nigger" was a thmisand times lietter off in the care of his good master 
than in the hands of operators in the Xorlh. who overworked and underpaid 
them there. He would much jirefer a home among Southern slave-holders, 
than among hypocritical Pharisees of Xew England, the cold-blooded, calcu- 
lating Yankees, whose only God was money, who first stole the niggers from 
Africa and soKl theni in the Soutliland «if our country and whd now wanted to 
free them so that they could get them North to work for them, pay them 
small wages, when tliey felt so disposed, and let them wear their old clothes 
and eat cold victuals, whilsf pretending to be their friends. Ile'.'^aid they would 
rather steal a nigger from a comfortable home in the South, than to pa)- some 
poor white man good living wages to do their drudgery. 

Aljout this stage of the meeting, Hcmier Palmeter. an old man, and a 
rock-rooted Jackson Democrat, who read the Xew York Day Enok (an ultra, 
fire-eating Democrat ])aper), morning, noon and night, took the door. 'Jdie 
old man's soid was absorbed in its very passion in politics, and who, while il- 
literate, was well posted on the living issues of his day and generation. Among 
other things he said : "^Ir. President, we hear much said about coishun 
(coercion) in the ])apers, they'r full of it. both Dimikratic and Rippublican. 
I say, ]\Ir. President, let's bring ii right Imme to ourselfs. How would you, 
Mr. President, like to be coished (coerced) ' I know you wouldn't. We all 
known you wouldn't. X'ow, if it isn't right to coish (coerce) a man, it ain't 
right to coish a state. What's right between man and man is right between 
states and states. 'Do as you w^ udd be done b}'.' is the golden rule of Holy 
Writ, laid down by Christ himself, and don't undertake to coish (coerce) our 
Southern britherin." 

Xumerou.s speeches were made later on. but one must not be left un- 
mentioned in this work, the one delivered by Adam Smith, who distinguished 
himself later in advocating the theory that the earth stan.ds still and tb,e "sun 
do move" around it. He had many heated arguments with some of the lighter 
weight scientific men of his times. Uncle Adam said: "Gentleman, I have 
been much interested in the discussion of the resolutions, and I for one, am 
emphatically in favor of their adoption. If it comes to a separation of the 
states I prefer to go with the Southern nigger drivers all the time, to agoin' 
with the blue-bellied Yanks. By giddy! Tliem's my sentiments, gentlemen." 

Doctor McFadden was left almost entircl}' witlnait supp<jrt — all seemed 
to have Ijcen con\'erted to the pro-slavery cau?e. by tlie eloquent learnefl a[>- 
peals of the various speakers. He arose once more and said : "Gentlemen, the 
peij])Ie of Xew finglancl are not all AboIiticini=ts, and they are not all as bad as 


has been represented. The Yankees were ^iinnd soldiers in the war of t'.ie 
Revolution, they heljied us mightily to aehieve our independence. 'I'he Re\o- 
lution. vou must remember beyan at Lexiiii::toii and at Bunker Hill. I for 
one am not williui^" to give u,). Yankee Doodle, Lcxingtmi and IJunkcr Hill." 

lien Farmbrouph, the great trading man of Sugar Creek townsliip, was 
asked for an expression of his sentiments, and responded as follows, in his 
own peculiar quaint and dry manner: "Gentlemen, you all know I am not a 
speech maker, but at such a time as I tliink it stands every man in hand to 
hnpress his sentiments. I know the Southerners well : 1 have traded in Ole 
Kentuck: I have bought stock thar and sold stock thar. Whatever a 
Kentuckian'tel!^ you. you can deperid on: he's fair and scjuar: his word is as 
good as liis bond. I speak what I know; I have et at tables, staid at thar 
houses of nights, arid had lots o' dealings with "em . and thar"s not a more 
cleverer or a more honorabler set c;f people on the face of the urih than they ar. 
As tV.r the lilue-bellied Yanks. I've had dealins v>ith them, too; and uve got 
to watch 'em as well as pray, for prayin" won't do no good; they'll cheat you 
anv chance thev git. and make a chance if they flon't see one. I tell you the 
devil will never git his own until he gits the ^'anks. and he will be mighty loth 
to claim 'em: he knows they ^vouldn't be in hell six months before they cheat 
him out of his kingd ^m and set up a government of thur own. Xo. he'll not 
take 'em in if he can help it. he'll just shut the door in their face and tell 'em 
thro the keyh.ole. that he don't want 'em, for 'em Xo go on still lower down, 
and set up a kingdom of ther own and cheat it out among themselves. If we 
had the few good Dimmikrats out o' New England. I would say. go to 
thunder; we don't want to be associated with you dead-beat- and everlasting 
cheats no longer. I fur one am fur the South. Them's my sentiment,-." 

This speech brought down tb.e house and capped the climax. Xext in 
order the vote on the "resolution" was called for and had. There were but 
three \Gtes against the pa'^sage of the resolution — Doctor '^.IcFadden and tu'O 
whose names are nnt known t j the writer. Mr. Fullalove. mentioned before 
as being from Louisville, took a copy of the resolutions to his southern home, 
and the^■ were at once copied in the Louisville papers, with a glowing account 
of the meeting. The whole proceeding was later copied all over the Sottth and 
West as an index of the sentiment in Central Lidiana, and this was veiy 
unfair and not the true sentiment of a majority of the people of the Iloosier 
state. This was at that date Thomas A. Hendricks's home. It was believed 
abroad that all were ( f the same political Vielief. but not s.x There is little 
doubt that the circulati(i!i of the resjlutions of the Sugar Creek township meet- 
ing, bv the newspaper press from one end of the land to the other, had much to 
do in stimulating the spirit of real secession and possiblv hastened the advent 
of that long drawn out civil conflict — the Rebellion. 

Tiic Ri^soiiifions: Ihe new>paper ptiblished at Shelljyville. in its issue of 


March 7, i8i')i. C'litained this article: "The followint: are the resohitiuns 
passed by tlie Sugar Creek union meeting on the i6tli ult. The first and sec- 
ond resolutions were passed unanimously, and the third by three dissenting 
voices. Tlie n'.eeting was .about equally composed of Democrats and Re- 
publicans." The rest 'luii( ins in (|uestion read as follows: 

"Whereas, We do acknowleilge and are proud to confess the services of 
our Congres-meii who are stirring and using their united efforts to promote 
the best interests and safety of the Union, and. 

"Whereas, We do fully endorse the Crittenden resolutions or any fair 
and honorable adjustment, that will answer as a basis for the seUlcment of 
our National -affairs, that will be honorable and fair to tb.e interests of all 
portions of our Nation. Therefore, 

''Resolved, That we, the citi7en? of Sugar Creek township, do most earn- 
estly recommend and request the General Assembly of this state, now in ses- 
sion, to make application to Congress to call a convention as soon as possible 
for the purpose of proposing amendments to the constitution of the United 
States, leased on the Crittenden resolutions, ■ r any other fair and hop.orable 
policy, that will amicably and forever settle the slavery questim between the 
North and South. 

"Rcsok'i'd. That while we deprecate the precipitate acti'in of the South- 
ern states, we are oi)posed to the general government using any means of forc- 
ible coercion, but believe if proper concessions and compromises are offered 
by the Northern states with adequate constitutional guarantees, that all these 
seceding states will readily come back, and a reunion of our glorious Union 
will be the result. 

"Rcsolzwl. That if, after all peaceable eftVjrts have been made to keep 
the several states ur.ited in one grand confederacy, they must div!<le, and we 
must be cast with one or the other ])..rti' n. we do of cli^ice prefer to be at- 
tached to the Southern Confederacy." 

No further attempts were made at holding union meetings in Shelby 
county for some time after this episode, which uas given a nation;d-\\ ide cir- 
culation. The next shot was the firing on Fort Sumpter. which created great 
consternation in the o/.unty, in common with all the Union. .\t Presitlcnt 
Lincoln's first call for seventy-five thousand men, no section was iwove in haste. 
or responded more loyally, than did the people of Shelby county. Inside a 
week two full comijanics were organized ami ready for the fiebl. while tlie 
enlistment of five others was almost completed. One of these was accepted 
by the authorities at Indianapolis and was a-signed the p^jsitirm of Company 
C, in the Sevoith Regiment, three months volunteer service. It was mustered 
into service April 22d, ten days after the first shrit had b.een fired at Fort 
Sumpter, with Jolni 'M. Blair as captain; John M. Flynn. fir^t lieutenant, and 
Tohn C. Maze, second lieutenant. 


Tlic paiRT, tlie folunliW: of April _'5. iS6i. said: 
On Sahhalh aftenv., ,n last Jeilinsuii's Hall was filled t(v u\eiilo\ving- wilh 
citizens to witness the presentation of the eleg-ant flag (inirchased by the pa- 
triotic ladies nf Shelliyville) tu the first company of volunteers from this countv 
under the cuiiinKnul cf Capt. Jeihn M. Blair. The ceremonies were of an im- 
pressive character. Order of exercise: First, prayer. 1)y Kev. Lynch: sec- 
ond, song. '"America:" third, aildresses, by Re\-s. Montgdmerv, Smvthe. Kent 
and Lynch; f'lurth, presentation of a cops' of the llihle tiv each of the officers, 
and a cojiy of the Testament to each vohmieer. The IJihle and Testaments 
were presented hy the American Bible Society, and a full cojiv of the Bible 
\vould have 1)een given each member had the agency at this place ha.l a suf- 
ficient supply on hand: fifth, presentation of the llag, ]\Iisses Annie Greene. 
Laurie Sprague and Fannie Robins, in behalf of the lady donors, came for- 
ward and presented the elegant flag, procured for the occasion as a gratuity of 
tlieir zeal for the cause in which their cnu.nir\- men \vere about to engage. 
The presentation address was quite length}-, but replete with i)atrioti>in, and 
ended with these words : 

"In the dark and trying hour, 
■ Li the breaking forth (if power. 

In the nish of steeds and men, 
God's right hand will shield thee then." 

Let your motto be, 'A^ictory or Death," and may this flag with its stars 
and stripes never be trailed in the dust, but "long may it wave o'er the land 
of the free and the home of the brave." 

Captain Blair responded : 

"To the liberal and patriotic ladies of Shelb}ville. allow me. and in be- 
half of my fellow soldiers, to express our warmest gratitude for this imblc 
banner. S])eaking is not the soldier's province. Rather, it is their duty to 
defend that right, when the voice be raised in behalf of the Union and Con- 
stitution, l>ut to crush it out when uttered by unworthy men against the Ccni- 
stitution and the glorious old banner, which has so often waved over many 
a hard-fought battle-field, and never yet been struck at half-mast until assailed 
by the traitorous hands of our fellow countrymen. We accept this nol)le 
and generous gift, and with it. the motto suggested by the fair donors, A'ic- 
tory or Death.' :\Iay we hope that first sentiment shall crown our efforts. 
But, for me, and I but reiterate the sentiments of my fellow soldiers, death 
is more jireferable than this noble banner should ever be disgraced." 

After this the newly volunteered company sat down to a sumptuous 
banquet given by order of the City Council. 



April 22. 1 861. tlie ?ccund ci^mpany of volunteers \\as or^q-anized in 
Shelby county, by the election of T. A. ^Icl'arlaiul. captain: D. T. Sleetli, first 
lieiuenant and Robert Ceirinor. second lieutenant. The time for this company 
to recruit was April 17th, Enthusiastic resolutions were passed and forty new 
. names were added to the roll of volunteers. After givino three rousing cheers 
for Governor Hicks, of ^Maryland, and three times three for the '"Stars and 
Stripes,'' the meeting was adjourned. On the 22i\ of thai month the company 
had filled its quota and had taken on the name of "Shelby Guard of Honor." 
An invitation was then sent forth inviting the "Freeport Rovers," tlie "Brandv- 
wine Invincibles," the "Home Guard," at St, Paul, and all other militarv com- 
panies in Shelby county to meet at Shelby\-ille and thus muster the military 
forces of tlie entire county. Gjlonels ]\[cKcnzie, Shank, and Captains Colescott 
and McGuire were asked to assist in the drilling and mustering. 


Among the many happy incidents at Shelbyville during the Civil war pe- 
riod may here be mentioned the presenting of a beatuiful sword, revolver, sash 
and belt, to Capt. James E. ^IcGuire, of Company E, Eifty-tirst Regiment. 
It occurred November 2t,. 1S61 — first year of the war — and was graciously 
and tenderly jjresented, with a patriotic, sentimental speech delivered by Eden 
H. Davis, the same being too lengthy for the purpose now at hand. It was 
touchingly res]i..nded to on the part of the gallant captain, in words as follows: 

"Mr. Davis: On receiving at your hands this splendid sword, sash and re- 
volver which ha\-e been purchased with funds voluntarily cimtributed by my 
personal friends, and by you presented to me, permit me to say tliat I thank 
ycu most heartily for the favor you thus confer upon me, and allow me to 
add, that during my eight years' residence in old Shelbv county. I have al- 
ways been surrounded by friends who are firm and true and tried. I will not 
boast that I intend to perform great deeds in the future. If I survix'e this 
war I do not expect to emerge from it wearing such laurels as crowned the 
Father of my country-, I simply expect in my humble way to faithfully and 
honestly perform those duties assigiied me, and when it becomes necessary 
in the performance of my duty, to buckle on tliis -w.jrd and girt about me this 
sash, sweet memories of those who have preser.ted them will ilash through 
my brain and ner\-e my arm for the contlict. Should it be my lot to fall in 
battle I could ask no mere than just such friends would j)lace me in the silent 
tomb, where I will wake no more to the voice of my commander until Gud 
shall call and angels muster the long line of resurrection. Floping that this 
black cloud of war that now obscures the star cf our countrv's destiriv will 




soon 1)0 disM"patoi. and the Ijri-ln wing of peace nnce more luAer over a iriite.l 
an,l liappy pci.Ie. the Ship nt State ri.Hiig secnrely at anclior in a tran(|uil 
harlxir. the stai.s and stripes waving- ,,ver every liill-t,.p and valley on the O'U- 
tincnt. the N-Mier rest.. red to the hofom o\ his family and friends, peace and 
prosperity reign supremely over our \vh...]e land, the h.-nds of the L"ni"n 
made so strong tiiat an occasion for presenting a swc.rd to defend it mav 
never occur again, J bid you adieu." 


Pcrhap- no event connected with the Civil war created so much con-ter- 
nation and excitement as did tl'.e ^h^-gan raid, during the m. .nth of ]ulv. 
T.%3. when Confederate Gen. John H. Ah.rgan invaded Indiana, crossing tlie 
Ohi(.i river a.l C><ry<\,>n and at once began his terrible raid across the state, 
■fie went throu-h A\'a?!iington county, took in \'ernon in Jennings coir.Uv. 
and directe.l his T ,rce toward I.awrenceburg. He was finally captureil with 
his daring, foobhardy band of four thousand men. 

Upon the receipt of tlie news that Morgan and his men had reached In- 
diana soil, the i)eople of this .state generally believed the Confederates liad 
concluded to diiectly attack and destroy the state, kill its people and continue 
in the work of reliellion. 

In Shelbyville the excitement was fully equal, if not greater than at 
other points. Steps were taken to repel, and if possible capture this imted, 
daring Rebel leader with his outlaw gang. The Mayor of Shelbwille at that 
date was James E. :\IcCuire. He assumed the leadership and issued the fol- 
lowing proclamation : 


Fcllo:.' Citizens of Shelby Connly:— You are all aware that John 
Morgan, with bis guerilla b.and >>i from six to eight tb.cusand men. 
is invading our state, putting to death our citizens, applying- the 
torch to om- t^wns. ouv railroad bridges, mills and newly gatliered 
crops : horses, mido^. lieef irattle, wagons, farming implements, e\erv- 
thing that can. be of use lu our citizens is destroyed wherever he 
goes. He is at this time marching in the direction of our county; 
he may, however, his but of this we are not certain. 
And in order to foil his designs upon this place, I call upon the 
citizens of Shelby county to bring furthwith to this city all rifles, 
shot gims, and other arms that they may be in possession of. to be 
formed into companies and squads for the purpose of ambushing, 
bushwhacking and harassing him in front, until the organized troop.s 
in the rear r)\ertake him. 


J '--ill "1""' "lliers wlin have im arni.s to cmnc in with axes, spades 
and pieks. to he foniicd into w.irkino- squads tor tlie purpi'se ot" huild- 
ing stackades and Ijarricading ihe approaches and lie readv to fall 
timber, forming alxitti.s to prevent liis ajiproacli if \vc shiaild ascer- 
tain definitely tiiai he is marching upon ihi-^ p')int. 

Come in. fellow citizens, witliout delay, and let us unite in >oIid, 
Ixxly and beat back tliis Rebel invader in a manner so terrible and 
decisive as to roider it their last attemi)t upi.n the state of Indiana. 
(•^i''^-F-D.) James E. ^^cGL-IIiE. 

July 13. 1S63. " Mayor of Shelbyville. 

-\ meeting was called at t'ne ?vIayor's office and the work of organizing 
companies was begun at once. "The Daily Republican," of a later date, said: 

"Our meeting was then adjourned. When we arrixed at the luiblic 
square it was literally jammed with people, inen. women and chihlren all dis- 
cussing tlie gra\-e -iluation.. and each one had his own plan of operations. All 
was confusion. Xo man would stand still long enough tf- hear the other's 
plan. Th.e j.resent wherealjonts ,,f Jolm Morgan was what the coolcrdieaded 
ones wanted to know. We inquired by telegraph of Indianapolis, bu.t received 
no reliable informatLm. Parties began recruiting a coni]-iany of infantrv 
and others, among them. E. B. Amsden was the leader, commenced recruiting 
a com]xiny of cavalry, all to be armed with .^uch gun? as could best be obtained 
in city or country. The .\msden party had the best argument. They would 
say: '\\'hat do y.iu want to go in the infantry for. ^Morgan's men are 
mounted and none but mounte.I men can follow him.' which was true. 

"Tlie next morning recruiting was resumed with great vigor. Country 
people came streaming from all directions and by 9 o'cli;ck the city was literal- 
ly filled with people anxiously inquiring the news. It had been learned that 
Morgan had passed through Salem, the county seat of Washington countv, 
taking many valuable horses, and compelling :\Ir. DePauw. the banker, to 
give Morgan five thousand dollars, and that he had marched out and would 
strike either \'ernon or SeynK.air. Excitement now ran high and the pei'ple 
were very earnest, but much perplexed to known what to do. Another effort 
was niade to hold a meeting at the ]v[ayor's ofiice, but all was to no avail, you 
might as well have called upon the clouds to come and hover over and give 
shelter to those on the public square exoosed to the ravs of that burning hot 
July day. 

"One of the details of infantry being posted near George Senour's field 
across the river, alxjut 10 o'clock at night, tlie squad concluded that pickets 
ought to have some whiskey; so a purse was made up and one of their num- 
ber appointed a committee to come into the city and get the "commissary sup- 
plies.' The farmers ha\ing heard of the cav.alry and how thev wore seizing 


horses that were bn.u.clit to town tor the use of new recruits, liitclied their 
liorses al'in- the fences nr.rth of the river. This committee of one on liis way 
over to procure tlie needed wh.iskey. (hseovered the Iiorses and went hack and 
told liis conn-ades tliat .Ahir-an liad already arrived in Shelby ville: that the}- 
had dismounted and thousands of horses were hitched along- the fences and 
that the men had gone on in on fr.ot. ^^'hercu[)o^ tlie gaiards fired their guns 
and started on a run for the city, not taking time to climb the embankment 
and cross the railroad bridg'c. but waded the river wherever they came to it. 
All that night men and women stayed upon the public square anxious as to 
their welfare, ^b;)rning came and with it the news that our troops had a skir- 
mish with some of >.rorgan's men, near ].,awrenceburg. but that >.Iorgan had 
made his escape, and was marching in the direction of Harrison, Ohio. Then 
came a g^eneral hand-shakirig' and expressions of great joy on every hand. 
Hundreds visited the Rebel prisoners in jail. The last dtities our ca\-alry per- 
formed was to escort the Rebel prisoners to the train and deliver them to the 
projicr authorities. Our troops were disbanded and peace and quiet reigned 
once more in Shelbyville." 

Thus ended a highly exciting period in the Civil war. as connected v.ith 
Shelbv county. The precaution taken by the [Mayor was but the part of wis- 
dom, and had Morgan invaded Shelby county, he would certainly have been 
frustrated in his plans of killing" and robliery. 

PUBLIC orixiox IX 1863-64. 

With the ad\-ance of the war. and the coming on of another Presidential 
electirm. ])arty strife began to run liigh-tide again. The DenKjcrats favored 
the nomination of Gen. George B. [NlcClellan for first place on the national 
ticket and ^Ir. Lincoln was strongly fa\-ored by the radical wing of the Re- 
publican party, while others wanted William Seward for the next President. 
During- th.e spring nf 1S63 a new Republican paper had been established in 
Shelbyville. At the state elections, in the autuiun of 1862. the Democrats 
had made many party gains in strongholds at the North, and all this ga\e 
new impulse to the campaigns. During the summer of 1863-64 mass meet- 
ings were frequently held in Shelby county, at which leading sneakers waxed 
warm and eloquent. The Republican administration, under Mr. Lincoln, had 
espoused the theory of emancipating the slaves, which of itself made Demo- 
crats more hostile toward the general plan of condu.cting the war that was 
then at its highest stage — and seemed as if hanging in the balan.ce and liable 
to go one way or the other within a short time. Democrats were in favor of 
"preserving the L'nion as it was."' while the opposition party insisted on. 
Union. e\'en though it become necessar}" to free slaves and arm them so that 
thev might be of service in ])ntting (u>wn the Re1)ellion. 



This vas a society, very strict and secret in its natiu"e. made up of that 
class of citizens who were against the pi'licic> of the guvernmeni cnncerniny 
the '.var of the Rehellion. They were in fact traitors toward the Hag under 
whicli tliey h'ved. They met in secret, secluded, almost unknown places and 
gave aid and infonnation to the enemy. The men who took either side and 
fi night in the clear and i>pt.-n, were worthy of the i"espcct of all peoi)le — Xorth 
and South — but the nian who worked in the darkness and hissed others on, had 
but few friends in any section of the country. Owing to the sec;"et workings 
of the Kriighls of the Golden Circle, it is not positively known how niany, if 
indeed, an}-, such organizations were maintained within Shelbv countv during 
th.e war, but the local newspaper — "Union Banner," openly charged that sucli 
was the case, and called attentiini to times and places of meetings. Party 
strife ran high and man}" persrmal encounters were had between coritending 

THE ixDi.\x.\ "legion. •'"■ 

This organization was found througliout the state. It was for home de- 
fense in ca^e of eniergcncy. It had other good features than that of a "Home 
Guard." It was th.e medium through which man}' good men were induced 
to enter the army, thus avoiding the dreaded draft. The drilling which tliey 
gave was also of great benefit, preparing, as it did, men for actual battle war- 
fare, in case they later entered the sen'ice. It was a sort of training school 
for men who luiglit be called on to fill tip the broken ranks of a compatiy. 
Shelby county had seven such conrpanies belonging to the Union and the 
roster of ofticers shows the names of many who led companies to the field of 
battle at the Southland. 


In accordance with the wise provision of the general government, through 
the Secretary of War, volunteering was stimulated much by the payment of 
bounties earlv in the war, to those Avho should enlist for a term of three years. 
At first, in iS6i, the amount was limited to one hundred dollars, but froiTi time 
to time the suni was increased, even to four hundred dollars, owing to time 
of service. Another inducement was th(; offering of forty acres of land to 
be claimed under a land warrant upon an honorable discharge. Besides th.e 
national bounties, many times verv" extravagant local bounties were paid by 
the count} from which the soldier might enlist. The people said '"This 
Union must be presen-ed," and cost what it did, soldiers were sent to the 
front whenever needed. The County Commissioners of Shelby county al- 
wavs rnct these bounties and paid what seemed wise at the tii"ne. The amounts 


ra;\q-cd tr";ii iliree {o five hundred dollars for ;i:i cnlisTcd s.jldicr \\h:< sh.-ulii 
serve and receive hi^ in ^p.-Taide diseliari^e. In tl;is. as in other sections of llie 
country, there were s\iinc wlio deserted. Inn the i)ereenta5,'e was not greater 
her than in otlier sections of the countr}-. 

In the matter of -,,l,Hers' relief. .^h,rlii\- county e\ er met the retiuiremerjt^ 
of lionie jirovision. for tlie "v>ar Vsid. .\vs,"' as the soldiers' \vi\es Vv-ere g'en- 
erally styled. Supplies were ])aid for fr-Mii out th.e C':'i'nrv fund-, a ta:c hcinc;- 
levied for this purpose. After the war had Contir.ued a few months, ir was 
seen how utterly v,!thor>t means the go\ ernment was to provide the liiin.cs 
needed in field and hospital, to be administered to sick and wounded soldiers. 
Hence it was not long before Soldiers' Aid societies sprang- up througi-out 
the Xorth. One was early formed at Shelbyville. by the ladies of the place. 
Scarcely a week passed that a large shipment of supplies was n.ot seni to t!;c 
fi.ghtirig fr'jut. These supplies included mittens, socks, l3lapd-:ets. and nianv 
articles, such as bandages needed in hospiial life. These things were all do- 
nated., and in this way many thousands of dollars were sent in way of relief 
fluid-, that \^ ere not includ.ed in the amounts a])pro}iriated by th.e county. 

'J he actual aniou'.its j.-iid out by the regular county n;ethods in this ;-ounty 
were a.s follu\\s : 

Shelby County Bounty $121,840.0.1 

Shelby County Relief ;,<i.04 1. 1 9 

Amoitnt of Relief fu;r,ishcd by the T( i\\'nships. ind.ependent i.if 

the Countv coniributior.s 20.000.00 

Total Brjunty and I\elief Sl8u.ScS9.19 


As the war ijroccL-ded more M..!d;ers were a-kcd tV.r and always forth- 
coming from Shtlby count}'. Over three thc.usand men were sent to the front 
from this Counly. v.hicli at the be.ginning of that terrible ce'iifiict iiad Ijcen 
advertised as disloyal, and, of the "Copper-head" stripe of people. President 
Lincoln made nine calls for troops durin.g the Rebellion. They ag.gre.gated two 
million th.ree hundred thou^andi soldiers (_', 300.000). It will of ciurse in a 
work of th.i- eb.aracter be d iriterc-st t ■ kr.own Ik.^w manful'}' Shelby cninty 
helpers swell these vast .-'.rmies in nuuibers. 

'J'he enrolinicnt of tiie militia in Indiaiia in 1862 gave th.e nuitiber of alile 
bod.ied men, subject to military duty (aside from e.\emp>tion-.), as tud thou- 
sand eight hundred and >ixty. wh.o were subject to draft if such emergency 
was neces-ary. It was u'llcr thi- enrollment thai the fir-t diaft in Indliana 
occurred in CJctr.iber. 18^.2. Shelb_\- cumty's quc'ta was -'/rie huivlred and forty- 
one men. ajjpr.rrioiied in the town^hips as folh.iws; Jackson, twenfi': Xoble. 


tliirty-two: Lilierty, twciuv-ei?lit; Hendricks iwentxtn T-- 
Moral, nvcnty. Th. draft ^.rcer. ^vere ■M^VinV ""■• "'"'"^^" ^ 

Odeil. „.ars„a, and ,„„n ^•. Kenne.K .^sr^^.! Be if ^IdT.::'"' i-/^^'^^ 
loyaltv ot Slidhv c^untv tint the d'r-,t> , n ^ "^"^^'^ ''*"^' 

-ere freely furn,shed liJ \'';;.^::,.^''''" ^^^^ "—- '"y here. f„r the n,e„ 

Under the first three calls for men. in i864_thc 



nn oltset cf .ne thousand three Intndrcd and ninetv^ 
The President's last call for men was ,,„ December m tCja , , c, ,. 


n out 

full regiment of s.ldiers. """" ''''" '"^"'"'^^ ^^ '^^^'^ ^"'^^ "P ^'^'"^^ 

These brave defenders of tlie countrv's fla- .erved in fh. f-r ■ 

Reg„«,... One H„„.,eaFony-ei,,„,, Regr„,e,r,n illL";: tvli^ 

T1„V, '", P-" """""'"I* "'"= >«re I'rom Siiclbv o-.u,uv-,„c„il,er, of ,1k 

In-;': ?x-'"" '"""'" ';^^'''""'- ^■■""' "^'S''-'* -""nee™,, 1*! 

Of this soldiery, in ,,.„:,.l „„„„j„, , „„. ^,„,.; - 

™" ^T,;;™ ie"-';r' "" ' "•" ""- ■'"-=• -""'■" '-'^ '- ".i;J;i ' ; 

Deni„ .. una on le,> ,l,a„ seven ,,er cent of all the men «ho v.ent v;,m Shell., 
«.,;uy. y,ekln,g Iheir lives on ,l,e nhar of .heir eonnl.v '• 



While the follow ini^- is imt an ahsojulely correct list of the Shelby couiitv 
soldiers wIid sacrificed life fr .111 the commencement t<> the endinq- of the Re- 
bellion, it is accurate a:, the ai!jut:int^,qenn-als' repcrts of the state afford, and 
will be given in this conneetiiin iov such facts as it dcies contain: 

COMPAXV c. si:vK.\TH REGIMENT. ( Three Months Men. ) 

Smith, John R., killed at Bealington, Virginia, July S, 1S61. 

COMPANY .\, .sixTEKNTii REGi.MEXT. (One Year.) 

Earch, riiilip, died at Columbus. Ohio. July J3, 1S61. 


Cadmill, R<-iliert T., died at Camp Seneca, Xovember ;, 1S61. 
Potter. \\"i!liam, died at Aldie, \'irginia, :March 22. 1802. 
Strange. George, died at W'arrenton Junction, T^fay 2. 1S62. 


Deitzer, Xicholas. died August 21, 1863, of wounds received at Hoover's 


Burlington, Benjamin E., died at Helena, Arkansas, August, 1862, 
Crio-ler, Toshua,' killer! at Magnolia Hills, Max i. 1863. 
■ Hank, John, killed at ^lagnolia Hills, ^lay i, 1863. 
Hays, I'imothy, \-eteran. flied ]\Iarch 19, 1864. 
Hull, Daniel, died at Georgetown, Missouri, September, 1861. 
Israel, George, killed at ^Magnolia Hills, ]\Iay i, 1863. 
Littlejohn, William F., killed at Magnolia Hills, Mav^, 1863. 
McLaughlin, hdm A,, kille.l at A'icksburg, Mav 23. '1863, 
Miller, '"jamesT., killed at Vicksburg-, ^lay 22, 1S63. 
McGee, William, died at St. Louis, ?vIissouri. Xovember, 1862. 
Mann, James X., died at Black River, ^Mississippi, Alay 18, 1863. 
Morris, Carlno, died at Indianola, Texas, Xo\ember, 1864. 
Osburn, \\'allace, died in }iIissouri, 1S62. 

Wilhelm, Benjamin F., died at Booneville, ^lissouri, September, 1S61. 
Young, Homer, died at Helena, Arkansas, 1S62, 



}^>ritti-in, Alfred D., ilieil of incision of neck, made bY Iiimself. September 
7, 1864. 

Gnines, William ]•"., died near Terre Haute, September 26, 1S64. 
Hyatt. Milton, died at Xew Orleans. October 2^. 1864. 
Pope. James, died at \e\v O'dcans, September 11. 1864. 
Woodward. Jolin. died at Xew Orleans, September 2. 1864. 


Barger, Tlmmas H.. died at London, Kentucky, November 19, 1S61. 

Boicourt. Davis, died at Big Shant}', Georgia, June 25, 1864. 

Casto, \\'illiam, died at Crab Orchard, Kentucky, Xnvember 24. 1861. 

Corner, Frederick, died IMarch 12, 1S62. 

Candell, Fountain, died at Crab Orchard. Kentucky. December 12. 1S61. 

Campbell. James, killed at Peach Tree Creek, Georgia, July 20. 1S64. 

Coalscott. Benjamin F., died at CoUimbia. Tennessee, 3>Iarch 7, 1S63. 

Divert, Jefi'erson T.. died at Crab Orchard. Kentucky. December 11. 1862. 

Erwin. John, died at Chattanooga, Tennessee. November 8. 1864. 

Gillard. James, died at Spring Hill. Tennessee, of wounds. ]\Iarch 7, 1S63. 

Husted, James, died of wounds, July 20, 1864. 

"Hynes, r\Iilton, died at Xashville, Tennessee, April 2j. 1863. 

Kennedy, Samuel, died at Crab Orchard. Kentucky. February 14. 1862. 

Alessick. Henry, died at Crab Orchard. Kentticky. December 19. 1S61. 

^IcConnel! James, died at Crab Orchard. Kentucky. December 7. 1861. 

jMcConnell. Louis B.. died at SiiJney Pass. October 31. 1862. 

AlcOueen, Benjamin F.. died at Spring Hill. Tennessee. March 7. 1863. 

jMcFerran. Lewis, killed at Wild Cat. Kentucky. October 21. 1861. 

Phillips. Emanuel, died at Crab Orchard, Kentucky, December 10, 1861. 

Philliiis, Memory, died of wounds, Columbia Ten.nessee ^L^rch 7, 1863. 

Robertson, William, died at Crab Orchard, Kentucky, X'ovember 27, 1S62. 

^^'arble, Jacob, died at Crab Orchard, Kentucky, November 27. 1862. 

Willis (\\"iHs), Andrew C, died at Crab Orchard Kentucky, December 
12. 1861. 

\\'iiliams. Franklin, died at Kingston, Georgia, June 22, 1S64. 

Mitchell Hiram, died at Xashville, July 15, 1864, of wounds. 

Winterrowd, Anderson, killed at Peach Tree Creek, Georgia, July 20, 

Smith. William, died January 24, 1862. 

Xorvell, Robiert, died at Shelbyvilic, Indiana. April 20. 1863. of wounds. 

Smith, Henr>' H.. died at Crab Orchard. Kentuckv, December 17, 1861. 


14 CIIADWICK's history of SHELBY CO., IXP. 


Conrad. William H.. dial at Xasliville. June 2u. 18G4. 

Irwin. \\ cslcy. died at Xashville. Tennessee, Di.-ccnilxM- 23. 1864. 


Gaiewood, John M.. died at Xasliville. March jo. 1862. 

Ciatewood. Robert, died at Nashville. January 28. 1S63. 

Kendall, Ethan A., killed at Day"s Gap. April 30. 1S63. 

Lock, Levi, died at W'oodsonville. Kentucky. March 21. 1862. 

Miller. Fielding J., died at Bardstown. Kentucky. January 4. 1862. 

McConnell. John E.. died at Xicholasvilte. Kentucky. Slarcli 27, 1S62. 

Palmer. Jamc--^. died at Bard.^to\vn. January 5. 1862. 

Parker. \\'aslnn-t. n, died at Day's fkip. May 3, 1863. 

Raines, Rolicri. died at Camp Mortun. Kentucky, January 11. 1S62. 

Shylock Jolin, died at Indianapolis. Indiana. Deceml)er 29. 1861. 


Aldridge. James, killed at Stone River. 31, 1862. 
Burr. Lewis R.. died at Louisville. January 7. 1862. 
Creviston. Aaron, died at Xashville. Maxxh 26. 1862. 
Chambers. James died at New Orleans, July 14. 1865. 
Ellington. Albert, died at Bardstown, December 28. 1861. 
German. Cliarles E.. died at Bardstown. December 29. 1861. 
Llolden. Charles, died at Stanford, Kentucky, b'ebruary i, 1862. 
Jan-is. John, died at tluntsville. July 2. 1862. 
Smith. Samuel, died at Bardstown. February 4, 1862. 
Williams. Franci- O.. died at Lel>anun. February 6, 1862. 


Barton. Francis A., died October 6, 1864. 


Medhiff. William, died February 15. 1862. 


Adams. George W.. died at Bowling Green. September 7,0. 1862. 
Adams. John II.. died at Lavergne. Tennessee. June 20. 1S63 
Aydelotf. Joseph W.. died at Scottsville, Kentucky. November 27. 1862. 
Gordon, Zacheus. died at Bowling Green. November 2j. 1862, 
Gibbons. John W.. died at Sc-.ttsville. December 2. 1862. 
Hawkin:^," Alexander S.. killed at Resaca. Georgia. May 15. 1864. 


Lazar. Cliarles. died at Nashville. Xovembcr 19. i8i')3. 

Miller. John \\'.. died at Sander.^ville, Tennessee. Fehruarv 7, 1863. 

Miller. "tIu. mas D.. die.l at home. Aiig-ust 11. 1862. 

Miller. Iv'heri II.. died at Chattanoogfa, July 22. 1864. of wounds. 

^.IcMilleii. Abrahan-u died- at Sandersville. I\b;nary 22. 1863. 

McFall. James H., died November 7. 1S62. 

Maliolm. George H.. killed by railway accident. Novemlier 6. 1864. 

Newton, John H.. died near .\tlanta. of wounds. August 12, 1S64. 

Price, George A., died at Chattanooga. August 29. 1864 

Powell. Elijah, died at Chattanooga. ^^lay 24. 1S64. 

Rogers. Achilles, died of wounds, July 14. 1864. 

Story, William, died at Bowling Green. August 30. 1862. 

Scofield. David F., died at Scottsville, Kentucky, December 17. 1862. 

Stoddard. Marshall, died at Scottsville, Kentucky. November 19, 1S62. 

Smith. Adelman. died at Indianapolis, August 7, 1862. 

Tanner, Robert, died at Gallatin, Tennessee, 'Slay 7. 1863. 

Wheeler, Jeremiah, died at Gallatin. Tennes.>ee. December 23, 1S62. 

Walton, John B., died at Gallatin. Tennessee, December 15, 1862. 

Clark, James, died at Lookout Mountain, Februar\- 2, 1865. 

Frank.'Charlcs W., killed at Resaca, :\Iay 14. 1864. 

Goodrich. Louis, killed at Peach Tree Creek. July 20. 1864. 

Stubbs, Jesse, died at jelTcrsonville, Indiana. September 4. 1864. 


Andrews, J^.hn W.. killed at Resaca. May 15, 1864. 
Arthur, James M., died at Murfreesboro, July 15. 1863. 
Bassett. San.iuel. killed at Peach Tree Creek. July 20. 1S64. 
Cox, John, killed at Dallas, Georgia, May 25, 1864. 
Collins, Leander 'SI., died at Murfreesboro, August 10, 1863. 
Hulsopple. William, died at }*Iurfreesboro. August i. 1863. 
Hitlsopple, Andrew J., died at Bowling Green, November i, 1862, 
Howeiy, Charles, died at Saundersville. January 28, 1863. 
Howard, Watson C, killed at Peach Tree Creek, July 20. 1864. 
Hacker, William A., killed at Kenesaw Mountain. June 14, 1862. 
Joyce, Thnmas S., died at Bowling Green. November 16. 1862. 
Nichols. Jasper, died at Gallatin, Tennessee, February 22. 1S63. 
Odell, Jeremiah, killed at Kenesaw, June 15, 1864. 
Rouse. William T., killed at Dallas. Georgia, May 2j. 1864. 
Rouse, Philip, died at Bowling Green. November 16. 1S62. 
Ross, Thomas, killed at Resaca. May 15, 1864. 
Stewart, James, died at Bi:>\\ling Green. October 21. 1S62. 


Spcagfle. George S.. died at Sauilcrsvillc, Deccnilier 19. 1S62. 
Vanlew. John F., died at Sandersvillc. Teniic.-see, January 15. 1S63. 
Alexander. Thomas, died at Bi">\vling Green. Xovember i, 1S62. 
Brady. John, died at Gallatin, Tennessee, April 25, 1863. 
Grithth, Luke, died at B(j\vling Green. October 13. 1862. 
Holdrom. Thomas K., killed at Resaca. May 14, 1864. 
]\Iiller, Philip, died at Madison. February 20. i8('i4. 


Burk. Fdmnnd, killed by guard, at Louisville. September 5, 1862. 

Dick. Samuel, died at Xashville, Xovemlier 7, 1S63. 

Davis. George A\'.. killed at Atlanta.. July 21. 1864. 

Fox, Daniel, killed at Stone Ri\-er. January 2. 1S63. 

Golden, "William B.. died at Xashville. December 5. 1862. 

Hill, r\lilton. died at Louisville. December 30, 1862. 

Kendall. John E.. killed at Stone River. January 2. 1863. 

Larmoro. Oliver P.. died at Lebanon, Kentucky. Xovember 15, 1862. 

Laird, Robert, died at Louisville. October 25. 1862. 

Reed. James, died at Cave Springs, Kentucky, X'ovemlier 24, 1S62. 

Smith, Henrv, died at Xash\-i!le, December 15. 1862. 

Tucker, Benjamin, died in Shelby county, Lidiana, X'ovembcr 24, 1862. 


Cherry, James, died in Andersonville Pris<.in. September 5, 1864. 

Peterson, William, died at L'nion City, Tennessee, January,- 22, 1864. 

Phillippe. John W.. died at :Memphis. May 28, 1865. 

Robinson. Lewis, died at Andersonville. 

St. John, Albert, died February 22, 18^14, of wounds. 


Aydelott, Joseph, died January 26, 1865. 

Allison, William 'M.. died February 24, 1865, of wounds. 

Eagley, Joseph, died July 13, 1864. 

Bagley, Heniy, died April 15, 1864. 

Beckley, Charles, killed at Sulphur Trestle. Alabama. September 25, 1S64. 

Colcaizer, Philip, died at Pulaski, Tennessee. August 17, 1S64. 

Delano, George W.. lost on Sultana, April 27. 1865. 

Goius. Milton, died at St. Louis, Missouri, June 16, 1865. 

Hill, Lorenzo D.. died September 22, 1S64. 


Houton. Ca>>eiKler T., killed al Sulphur 'J're>tlc. September 25, 1SG4. 

Huls, Marion, died April 4. 1865. 

Hulsopple, John, died at Pulaski, Septeml)er 8, 1864. 

Jenkins, Jolm, died at Xashvillc. ^farch n). 1805, 

Sniiih, :klilt..n. killed by jiuard at X'icksburg, July 11. 1865. 

Strap. JaiiKs IL. died at Meniphi.s, March 13, 1863. 

Shull, John W., lost on the Sultana, April ^7, 1865. 

Swang-o, Henry, died at Xew Orleans, April 27, 1S65. 

Vance, William D., died at Xew Orleans, April 27, 1S65. 

^^'illiams, John R., died in Rebel prison pen. February 5, 1S65, 


Helton, \\'illiam ¥., killed near Kenesaw, July 17, 1S64. 


Denickson, Ji^hn \\'., died near Atlanta, Augu>t 27, 1S64, of wounds. 


Pence, Jacob, died at Louisville, }kJarch 2, 1865. 


Anderson, John B., died at Louisville, October 29, 1864. 
Dodd, John }>I., died at Chattanooga, September 9, 1S64. 
King, Thomas P.., died at ^lurfrecsboro, December 26, 1S64. 


Gunning', Hiram, died at Baltimore, ]\Lay 14, 1865. 


Badger, ]\Iilton J., died at Columbus, Tennessee, August 15, 1865. 
Newton, Thomas G,, died at Indianapolis. March 3, 1865. 
Pearson, John J., died at X'ashville, ^L^rch 2^, 1S63. 
Roe, James ^1'.^ died at Pulaski, May 12, 1S65. 


Crouch, Geijrge. died at Ciilumbia, Tennessee. April 12, 1865. 
Keith, William G.. died at Xashviilc. 3.1arch 22. 1865. 
Mossman, John C, died at Xashville, ^^lay 5. 1865. 

ii8 chapwick's iii<torv of sm:i,i'.Y co., ixn. 


Ray. Henry L.. killed at I.-ne Jack. Missouri. August i6, 1862. 


Kenedy. Albert, died at Xasliville. 1-ebruary 10. 1863. 
Kenedy. Xathaniel. died at Xaslnille. .\pril 15, 18(13. 
Pope. Charles L., died at Xashville. May 3, 1863. 


The war with Spain, brought on with this country over the persecutions 
carried on tor hundreds uf years on the near-by island of Cuba, began by a 
proclamation of war on the part of the United States government in April, 
189S. immediately after the sinking of the United States battleship '•]\Iaine." 
which disaster was at once charged to the Spanish authorities. Upon the call 
for troops by President William McKinlty. Indiana, including Shelby county, 
came gallantly to the rescue in the raising of companies and regiments for 
the service. 

The principal company of men fn.m Shelby ville was known as CiMupany 
C, of the One Hundred and Sixty-tlrst Indiana Regiment. The colonel of 
this regiment was W. T. Durbin : lieutenant-culonel, V. M. Backus; majors. 
Harold C. Megrew and Matt R. Peterson. 

The oflicers of company C, largely from Shelbyville. were : captain. 
'Thomas J. Hudgins: hrst lieutenant. George E. Goodrich: .second lieutenant. 
Ivy L. Reynolds: first sergeant, Robert C. Maddox : quartermaster sergeant. 
Robert H.' Hudgins. Jr.: sergeants. Moses A. Parkinson. John S. Hopkins. 
Walter B. Ballard. Con L. :Miles: musicians. William A. ]\Iichelson and Henry 
E. Lane ; wagoner. Walter Cummings. 

Including officers and recruits, together with original volunteers, there 
were about one hundred and twenty-five men in this command. Of this num- 
ber there were two de-erters. Xo lives were lost during the entire term of 
enlistment — a record ren.iarkal.)le. 

This regiment (of which Company C was a part) was made up of men 
residing in Hammond. }*[ount Vernon, Shelbyville. }»Iadison, Jeftersonville. 
Richmond, Xew Castle. Rushville. Monticello. Columbus, Michigan City, and 
Lawrenceburg. They rendez\oused at Camp }vfount July 15. 1898, and were 
mustered into the United States seiwice and drilled there until August nth, 
of that year, then ordered to Jacksonville. Florida, arriving there .\ugust 14th. 
and were assigned to the Seventh .Army Corps f under Ger,. Fitzhugh, 
moved to Savannah, Georgia, October .33d. and on to the Island of Cuba, De- 


cember 23, 1S9S. arriving- at Havana the i5tli of that iiiontli and campi.'d 
there two days, then embarked lor Sa\'annah, Georgia, where the regiment 
went into camp and remained there until March 29. 1S99. Tliey were finally 
nnistere<l out and discharged April 30, 1899. at Savannah, after which they 
proceeiled to Washington, D. C. and were reviewed by the i^roper military 
authorities, came to Indianapolis and were welcomed by the people of that 
city, :May 3, 1S99. 


With the closings of the great Civil war in 1S65. and the sj^eedy return 
of the veterans to their In >mes and firesides to ag'ain take up the peaceful \i_)ca- 
tions of true American citizens, there was nothing more natural than that 
some soldiers" organization, for re-union of comrade?, if ncithing more. 
Finally a soldier living in Illinois set a foot and really organized what is 
known as the Grand Army of the Republic, of which there is scarce a town 
in all the country posts of this order have not existed. Indeed tliis 
has come tc; b-e one of the great civic federations and oiie whose ranks are 
last being depleted by the ra\'ages of old age — none but honorably discharged 
Union soldier^, h.ave a right to become members. The badge of this order is 
the simple, but suggesti\e. copper-colored button worn on the coat lapel. 

In Shelby coaraty there have been four Grand Army posts organized. 
They are the George Henry Post, at Morristown: Andrew Winterrowd Post. 
of Flatrock; Meridith Post, at Mt. Auburn: Dumont Post Xo. iS. at Shelby- 
ville. 'J'hese jjosts v.-ere most organized in the early eighties, and in 18S7 
there were about three lumdred members within this county, of which one 
hundred and eigiity were from the vicinity oi Shelb}-A-ilie. At the present 
there are but two jiosts in the ccjunty and the membership at Shelbyville. as 
showii by the roster in A-pril, 1909. was one hundred and eighty-two. The 
post at Flatrock is now made up of alx)Ut a dozen ex-soldiers who have no 
regular meeting place rr time, but engage in each returning Memorial Day, 
and thus keep alive tlie interest in the post. Of thie jwst at Shelbyville. the 
following is an ejiiiome compiled from the records of the post in .\pril. 1909: 

In 1867 a Grand Army Post was organized in Sh.elbyvitle. but there ai>- 
pears to be no authentic record of the name and numl'er and the department 
recorils make no mention of any such post. 

James C. Bennett the first and only commander. The Imilding in 
\\hich they met burned, destrijying all reconls ar.d paraphernalia. It ap- 
pears there was nr, effort made to revive it. and it died. Fifteen years later, 
or in ;S82. A. P. Boun. j. E. McGuire. Oscar Mathers. J. B. Ha'rdeback, J. 
H. Bassett. T. K. Alexander. J:imcs Whitcomij. X. B. Berryman. S. L. Pierce 
and J. H. A'ance applied for a charter for a po>t and they, with a number of 


Others, cx-soldicrs. mot on July 28. 1882, in tlie Rci! Men"s lial!. wliich is now- 
known as Grand Arm_\- Hall. J. H. \\'ooden. of Greensbury. was present, and 
proceeded to muster and organize those present, after which A. P. Boon was 
elected commander. The first records are railicr incnniplcle and some of them 
are missing. The post was numbered eighteen ( iS) and named "DunDnt." 
after Gen. Ebcnczer Diunnnt. of IndianapMlis. It may be said in passing, that 
Terre flaute lia^ Pust Xo. i : lirazil. Xo. 2: Greensbiu-g X'o. t. ;ind Indianapo- 
lis X... 17. 

In 1885 the p|'^t held a festival and cleared enough money to pay for 
the furniture then in the Red Men's hall: it has been the home of the post at 
Shelbyville fm" twenty-seven years. In that time the post has had twenty-two 
commanders. Of this number A. P. Boon. J. C, Mcfniire. J. C. Edwards. 
Xorris \\"interrow(l and G. L. Raymond have died. Henry Byers and S. L. 
Pierce have been dropped for non-payment of dues and J. II. A'annostrome 
were granted transfers. At this date there are thirteen (13) jvist commanders 
of this post, ranking as follows: Elisha \\'eaklev. P. D. Harris, T. Wilkes, 
S. S. Carson. C. J. Limpus. J. B. Wilson. A. Ah Weed. S. B. ^lorris. J. S. 
Byors, J. B. Randall, j. W. Xeeves. John Sh.mer and A. J. Ensminger. Be- 
sides those there came in by transfer cards, as past connnanders: T. E. Hay- 
mond and T. K. Alexander and James C. Bennett was "by Department en- 
campment." re-instated as past commander of the old post, making sixteen 
past commariders, and J. K. Bowers the present commander. 

Two of tho^e who «igned the charter are still members of the post, viz: 
T. K. Alexander an.l J. b'^ Hardenback. 

There have been mustered in and received by tran.sfer cards f')ur hun- 
dred thirtv-eight (4.^8) members: ninety-four members have died and th.e 
most of them have Iieen buried with military honors. 

At this date (March. 1909). there are in good standing one hundred 
eightv-two (182) members. Among this number there is a department com- 
mander, IDaniel I. Rvan, a past senior vice-commander. P. D. Harris; a past 
member of department ccjuncil. T. Wilkes, and several members who have 
been delegates and aids at national encampments. 

In average attendance this post ranks among the foremost of the state, 
and its influence in state encampments was abvays large whenever it chose 
to take a hand in the game. 

:Much of its success is dtie to the influence and help of the Woman's Re- 
life Corps, Xo 51. 

In 1894 this post by unanimous vote tendered its ser\-ices to Governor 
Claude ?ilatliews. t' > maintain law and order during the "car riots." and re- 
ceived a repiv acknowledging the receipt of the hrst oft'er of assistance and 
thanking the p<"'St for the same, and saying such offers went a long way toward 
assisting the state's officers. 


Through this posfs influence, the criunly huik a three thousand dollar 
cottage at the Soldiers' ?Iome at Lafayette. 

Two men succeeded in joining the post illegally, without being in the 
Union armv; one of them dropped out before his case became known, and 
the other was court marshalled and dismissed. 

This post has a record of the graves of four hundred seventy-two 
(472) ex-soldiers buried in Shelby county: also the names of. as well as the 
address of three hundred forty-two (342) ex-soldiers yet living within this 
countv. more than one-half of whom belong to this post. 

There are eighty-eight graves in the city cemetery and ninety-seven in 
Forest Hill cemeteiy. 

XoTE — The above facts were kindly furnished the publishers by Comrade 
T. Wilkes, of this post. 

The otiicers of Dumont Post Xo. iS. sen'ing in 1909 were as follows: 
T. K. Bowers, commander: Robert Smith, vice-commander: William Xorris, 
junior vice: J. B. Randall, quartermaster: T. J- Woods, adjutant. 

woman's relief corps xo. 51. 

This corps, a helpful auxiliary to the Grand Army Post, at Shelbyville, 
was organized soon after the post was formed, and has been really tbie life 
of the post itself. Too much praise cannot be given these willing patriotic 


Frank- Talbert Camp. Xo. 85. was instituted January 17. 1S88, at Slicruy- 
ville. and meets each Tuesday evening. The first olYicers of this organiza- 
tion were: Commander (then known as Captain). William A. Goodrich; 
Senior \'ice Commander, Levi Todd; Junior \'ice Commander, Omer Benne- 
field ; Chaplain, Thomas Briggs ; Horace ^^'eakley, Horace Gerard and Isaac 
Allen, Camp Council; Hany Griffey, treasurer: Harry Goodrich, musician; 
J. Marsh Goodrich, sergeant of the guard. 

The order has prosi.ered from the start and is now full of tlie true 
spirit of patriotism. It has between seventy and eighty members. Its present 
officers are: C<:>mmander. Benjamin F. ^NIcKinney : Senior Vice. James Smith: 
Junior Vice. Ralph L. ^IcKinney; Chaplain. W. I. Winton: Secretary, J. S. 
McKinney; Treasurer, Willian-i E. Fagel : Guard, Edward Deitzer: Color 
Sergeant,' George W. :\IcKinney ; Chief :\Iusician, B. Hines; Picket Guard, 
Peter Manford ; Patriotic Instructor, Val. Hey. 

This order meets at Grand Army hall and' carries out the object fnr which 
it was organized and is assisted by a woman's auxiliary similar to that of the 
Relief Corps. It is truly befitting that the sous of the men who fought 


in tlie Civil war in this ctuiiury sliould 
lations as one by i^ne the okl \eterans r 
soon tliere will be no Grand Army of the K 
take their places in patriotic circles. 

; 1 


led 1 



r ii; 

1 frit 




- tlu 

.■ 1 














Ever since tlie Christian era began the ".Man of Galilee." :v.v\ the q-reat 
truths he iittere,l have had their devotees in all parts of the civilized world. 
Perhaps no section of the West had a larger pn^portion of believers in Chris- 
tianity than did the territm-y noiv known as Shelbv county. Indiana. Wdiile 
books were few and newspapers not largely a thing of circulation at that 
early date, the pioneers studied what they had been taught to be the Book of 
book.s— the old family Bible. Almost every known v. as rep- 
resented among the little settlements made within this -."idly i>orlion -if 
Indiana. Xo s.-nner ha<l the family fairly gut settled in their newlv built cabin 
home, than their th..ught ran out toward some one who might perchance be 
induced to cane min their midst, if only for a .season, and preach the Word to 
them. .-Vnd hence it was that traveling ministers and home missionaries would 
make their periodical calls an<l if possible cau-^e enough to take interest in re- 
ligious things and church work, to form a society or dass. Thus commenced 
the chapter of religious history in Shelby county, away back in the twenties. 
It has grown with the advance of time, so that now nearing the close of the 
first decade in the twentieth century church spires are seen in almost every 
nook and corner, while bells echo back their chimes from one side of the coun- 
try to another, giving evidence that this people are still a God-fearing and 
worshipful class of citizens. While religious sentiment and thought has 'some- 
what changed in the pe<:ple's minds since 1S2J. and more libcraliU" now exists, 
with less stickling for sectarian creeds and church polity, yet the theolog>' is 
really the .same as was preached by Paul at Athens, long centuries ago. Then 
there was but the one church organization, or denomination but now manv, and 
it is the object of this chapter to give an account of the rise and devel.^pmenl ..f 
these various denominations within Shelby county, as best it can be done v.ith 
an imperfect set of church books and records fr'.m which t.-^ glean the more 
important facts. 

As has been the ca-e in many another newly settled countrv. the itinerant 
Methodist preacher was the first to proclaim the Gospel in th.e'^c ])arts. The regtdar preaching place was at the house nf Mrs. Jane Sleeth. a mile north 
of Marion. Later they were held at the home of \ViIliam H. Sleeth. Th.e 
Sleeth family was originally from old \'irginia. and there had been reared 
in the atmosphere of the Medn^dist Episcopal church and hence verv naturallv 
wanted to transplant this branch of the church into communities' in Shelbv 


and in wliieli 

1S_M lu 

'III! Sale. Aarr 

mg? at 

tlie places jxu 

used al? 

for church ji 

was rcn 

loved ti. Mari 

were he 

id until the er 

vs in.-TORV OF SUKLIiV CO., I.VU. 

vverc nut long- in hringing ah.HU. In the autumn of 
>od. Jame-^ Horn and William P.e.^cluvmp held nieet- 
itioncd. \\ ithin a few years the school-house was 
es. In 1S40 the society known as the Sleeth's Class, 
lla.qe. where in the school-jiuuse there llic meetings 
1 of a frame church edince. in iSC)j. 


The beginning- of Presbyterianism in Shelby county was in Plcndricks 
township. July 7. 1824. and the ettorts there culminated in the fonnatijn of t1:e 
I'^irst I'resbyterian cluuTh of Shclbyville. the history of which is here outlined, 
by the ]. resent pastor, Rev. L. C. Richmond: 

'Jdie first Presbyterian church of Shell .yville. Indiana, had its first begin- 
ning in the rude and primitive log cabin of Zelmlon Wallace. Hendricks town- 
ship, Sabbath morning. July 7. 18^-4. \\'ith Rev. John McPlrov Dickev as 
the minister the church with thirteen memliors was organized and the Holy 
Communion was observed for the first time. On the nth of October it was 
duly enrolled by Presbytery and the Re-,-. :Mr. Dickey was appointed by that 
body to supply the church as minister during the next six months, until the next 
meeting of Presbytery. At the fall meeting of that body. October 7, 1826. the 
church reported fifteen members, three having been added since its organiza- 
tion in 1824. The year of 1829. the year Andrew Jackson became thc^ Presi- 
dent of the United States, found Shelbyville the acknowledged social and busi- 
ness center as well as the couiUy seat. As this was the only Presbyterian 
organization in the coujity it was. after careful deliberation, unam'mouslv de- 
cided by the church members to change the name and location of the church 
to Shelbyville. Rev. Eliphalet Kent was the minister from 1S29 to 1835. 
Following Reverend Kent were Revs. William ^\^ ^^'oods. Wells Bushnefl, 
Joseph .Alonfort, Charles McKinney, Samuel Orr, A. T. Hendricks. James Gil- 
christ and John M. Wampler. Up to 1839 the growth of the city was ver}- 
slow, tiiere being at that time not mere than six or seven hundred inhabitants. 
The church also was small and poor with no regular house of worship. In 
1839 they erected a building forty by fifty feet, at a cost of two thousand five 
hundred dollars. It had no foundation, but was supported bv wooden blocks 
five feet high. It wa< built of undressed lumber and never was painted. On 
June 20. 1 85 1, Rev. John C. Caldwell was ordained and installed pastor of 
the church. By this time the church had grown and improved to such an ex- 
tait that the members soon began to awaken to the fact that thev needed a 
more con\-enient and commodious house of worship. Soon therefore it was 
resolved to build provided three thousand dollars could be raised for that pur- 
pose. .This was done and in the year 1S53 the building was completed at a 

ISTOKV OF siii: 

cost of about five thousand dollars. Ii stood uj-h-in the corner of Tacks. >n and 
Harrison streets now occupied In- Dohle .S: Griffey's iiardware store. The 
cliurch had many pastoral supplies and it was not until I'ehruarv. iS^c^ that 
another pastor was selected in the person of Rev. James Smvthe. who re- 
mained until 1866. In that same year Rev. Charles P. Tennings for the second 
time became the pastor. His pastorate was marked by the great growth of the 
church in things temporal as well as spiritual. In December, 1870, Rev. 
George Sinter was called as the regular minister of the church. Following 
Reverend Slutcr was Rev. George D. I\Iarsh. w ho was one of the best preachers 
as well as popular men that the church has had. Unfortunately his health was 
poor and after a short pastorate of less than two and a half vers, his ill health 
compelled him to give up his charge. During his illness the church was sup- 
plied by his nephew. Rev. Arthur Brown, the present secretaiw of the Presby- 
terian Board of Foreign Missions. He was followed bv Rev. Thomas D. 
Hughes, a saintly and wise man. who still lives in the memory- of many today 
as "Dear Doctor Hughes." Pie was pastor for nearly eleven years. It 
was during his pastorate that the church was moved from its old location on 
the corner of Harrison and Jackson streets to \\'est Broadway, where it still 
stands. The new church there built, to which a Sabbath school' room was onlv 
recently added, was erected at a cost of about twenty thousand dollars. Rev. 
Albert P'fansteil, who followed him. unable to resist the alluring call of the 
church at Lafayette, Indiana, remained only a year and a half. Reverend 
Pfansteil drew large congregations, was a splendid pastor and was beloved bv 
all. Rev, J, C. Caldwell was the next minister for nearly five years. Doctor 
Caldwell was a splendid man, a fine scholar, and a cultured gentleman. After 
his five years of seiwice lie resigned to go onto the lecture platform, iV,r which 
he was well fitted by temperament, culture and ability to excel!. Rev. ^vlartin 
Luther Tressler v\-as the next minister. He was an aggressive up-to-date man 
and that the church is on its present excellent financial basis is said to be due 
to no small extent to Reverend Tressler 's three and a half vears of excellent 
service. Reverend Tressler was followed l>y Rexcrend Price, who was a most 
acceptable minister for about four years, when he resigned to accept a call to 
the large and influential church, of Geneseo, New York. At present Rever- 
end Price is vice-president of one of the large Southern colleges. Reverend 
Price was folkjwcd by the present minister. Rev. L. O. Richmond, who was 
called here from the church at fronton, Ohio, in ALirch, IQ07. 


This church was organized at the instance r,f the Indianapolis Presbytery, 
New School, in 1S67. The organization was perfected bv Ilenrv Burkler, Sr., 
I^Iathias Schoelch, John De Prez, George Posz, Henry Hale, John Maholm, 

1:^6 ciiadwick"? hi^tokv of siikki!v CO.. ixn. 

-Aiigu.^t Scliwall. John Mohr. Jacoli Stephens ami Jolm Shuti. Rev. Francis 
I'ricil.Qcn was lar.c;el\' in.-lrunicntal in brini;in_q- tlie org'anizatinn alx'Ut. He 
served as pastor luiti! )>Iarcli, iSjJ, anil \v:is f. lli'wcd hv Kev. I. Eshmcycr. 
ediicatet! in Germany, and ordained in 1S55. I'ntil 1872 service- were con- 
dncteil in the old I'reshyterian chnrch. en the curner of Jackson and Harrison 
streets. In that }car. In \ve\ er. the society completed its own edifice on East 
\\"a>hington streei. ;u a ci^t nf six thcnsand U\e hundred di.'llars. Henry Puirk- 
hcr lieing by far the largest CMntrihutor. I'.y 187S the church had a member- 
ship of one hundred and forty communicants. F.arly in 18S0 diissen-^ions arose 
and differences between influential members and the pastor, and a large ntim- 
ber left the church — about seventy in all. In 1SS7 the membership was about 
lift}. .\ new church building project plungetl the society in more ditViculty, 
and the sncietv finalK- went in with, the Luthci-ans. but after a time th.a.t l>ndy 
did not seem to fcHi:)Wship properly with thi- people. They ci.immenced 
a large and costly edifice in Sh.elbyville. on the corner of Broadway I'ike and 
Jackson streets. This was about 1902, but after having- the foundation in 
and well under headway the society met with reverses — many of the member- 
shi]) being ojjposed to the cc-stly structure, etc.. left the church and many iinal- 
ly found church homes in the German Evangelical IVotestant church, where 
they still worship. The building mentioned was never completed, and now 
there is no trace of its materia!. 

The Boggstown Presbyterian church was organized in 1831-32. by Rev. 
E. Kent, a missionary preacher, assisted by William Woods. At first services 
were held in a kig house, but about 1833 the society erected a frame church, 
which was used until 1852, when another and better building was erected at 
a co;-t of two thousand five huitdred dollar^. The society struggled on for 
manv vears. but finally was greatly depleted. There is ^^till a society in the 
neighborhood, and ha-; its own buihling, in which it cc.nducts service. 


The years following the first settlement of this county were made memor- 
able bv the religious awakening in the West. The strong battlements of de- 
nominational exclusiveness were being attacked and carried by storm. People 
would not accept the dogma of any denomination without the authority for 
such dogma could be found in the Pwble. .\nything else was hunia!i innova- 
tion and unworthv of belief. .\s a result new doctrines were evolved and old 
ones modified, the reformation started by Alexander Campbell, Barton 
Stone and Walter grew in magnitude and extended far beyond the 
limits C'Mitemplated by the originators. The teachings of Alexander Camp- 
bell were craisidered heterodox l)y the Bapti=.ts. with whom he had hitherto 
been associated, and in 1827 they severed all connection with the reformers. 


who then oiQTini/ed a new cluirch. which was called hy tlicm the Church <>i 
the Disciples vi Christ, or Christian cliurcl). hui liy tlieir nppusers the Cainp- 
bellite church. The cardinal ]irinci];al uf their orqanizatinn was the rejection 
of all creeds or confessiuus of faith, and the adoption of tlie Bible as their only 
rule of faith and i>ractice. 


(By Rev. James 1'. ?\Icyers.) 

Among the first to be cDn\-erted by the teaching of Alexander Campbell 
was Father Ohediah Butler. He at once became an a'postle of the new re- 
ligion, and soon had a sulTicient following to organize a church class, whicli 
was effected in the spring of 1834. The meeting for that jnirpoe was held 
at the house of Ovid Butler, that stood on the southeast corner of the public 
square, the present site of Teal's block. The little band that met Father Butler 
on that occasion and who constituted the charter membership of the church, 
was com]ii:ised of James 3.1. Smith. Sallic Smith. John Weakley. Xancy 
W'eakley, Silas Jaen and wife, George Bates and wife, F. Kiiowltrm and wife, 
Ovid Butler and wife and Spencer Thayer and wife. Of the history of this 
chvirch for many years following its organization but little is kno\vn. What- 
ever of historic value there was has passed into obli\'ion with the death of 
those early members. It is kno\vn. b,owe\er, that the organization was kept 
up, and at the time of the coming of 3Irs. Martin Ray and her mother. Mrs. 
Nancy Cross, both dexout Christians, meetings were occasionally lield. al- 
though of infrequent occurrence, and often without the assistance of a min- 
ister. The members were few and poor, and could not afford to pay for the 
services of a preacher nor build a house in which they might meet to worship. 
But hungry for religious associations they met in th.e dwellings, which for 
the time they would transfonn into the temple of God. They came not to 
mock, but to pray and worship, and no doubt from that little band of believers 
arose the pure incense of unsullied faith and conscious and unwavering con- 
secration. It is believed that God looked down with the same, if not deeper 
and more perfect approval than he does now upon the piles of stoue and brick, 
covered and l)iirden.ed with elaborateness of ornament till the human eye is 
wearied to behold. Meetings are remembered to have been held in the second 
story of the building now occupied by Ziegler"s restaurant. Here it was that 
Reverend Xew, the father of Hon. John C. Xew. preached. He was a man 
of great earnestness, plain and ])ractical. very pronounced in his likes and 
dislikes. Reverends O'Kane and Prichard may be classed among the pioneer 
preachers of the Christian church of Shelby county. They were both men 
of rare abilitv, forcible speakers and conscientious workers. It is probable 


tliat tlie bcfi type ct a pioneer preacher was frmnd in Rev. Decatur Davis, wlio 
occasionally preached at this place. He was illiterate, and it is said hv one 
who knew him intimately tliat he read no Ix.ok but the Bible, and that he had 
committed it to memory, having- at hi-; CMmmaml the whole of it. when it be- 
came necessary to sustain a position taken. 

In tlie early part of the fifties the old organization was revived, and meet- 
ings for a time held in Concert hall. The lot upon which the chut-ch now- 
stands was bought and the foundation for a building laid. Suflicient money 
could not be obtained to erect a building and the lot was in a fev,- years sold 
at Sheriff's sale. It was redieemed. howe\er. and in 1867 a frame build- 
ing was erected thereon. The chiu-ch was forty by sixty feet, and with its 
improvements, costing two thousand five hundred dollars, made during 
t!ie year 1887. the i)r<jpcrty became worth six thousand dollars. A few 
of the older luembers who worked hard to sustain the church during its strug- 
gle for existence were Eailes Coats. Jacob \\'agoner. Isaac Woods. E. ]\I. Wil- 
son, Mrs. Xancy Cross. Susan Ray, ?^Ioiher Davisson, Mr. and 3ilrs. Wingate 
and tlie \\"eakleys. 

The officers then were: A. P. Bone. Doctor Clayton. J- L- Haymond arid 
Charles Culbertson, elders: John Toner, senior and junior. Dr. E. W. Leech, 
T. J. Claycraft, John Whitehead and John Dobbins, deacons; A. P. Bone 
and \A'iIliam A. ?\loore, trustees. The fullov/ing are those who had 
served the church in the capacity of pastor: Reverends Goodwin. Davis, 
Hughes, Wilson, Burroughs, Hopkins, Roberts, Stanley, Ackman, Samuel 
Tomlinson, J. H. Edwards, a missionary to Australia, and H. H. Xess- 
lage. Reverend Xesslage was a native of tlie Empire state, where he was 
born August 22. 1854. He received his elementary training in the schools 
of Xew York City, and at the age of twenty, entered Bethany Col- 
lege. West \'irginia. where he remained for four years, completing both 
the literary and theological courses. His first work was at Bellefontaine, Ohio. 
Reverend Xesslage was a young man of both natural and acquireil ability, 
and was an earnest and consciciitious worker. 

One of the greatest auxiliaries of the church the Sunday school, 
which was under the management of !Mr. Charles Culbertson, superintendetit. 
The attendance was large and much interest manifested. 


Through the efforts of Joseph Fassett. the following little band of Chris- 
tians were organized into a church at Mount Auburn in the summer of 1837: 
\\"illiam Record and wife. ~S\. J. Xehon and wife, Giles Holmes and wife, Isaac 
Rodgers and wife, Joshua Xolt'^n and wife and Elisha Townsend and wife. 
Of this number, ^Ir. and 3.1rs. Record are the oidv survivors who still retain 

LliV CO.. IXD. 


their memliership in the church. C. M. .\Ilen and wife. Cutsiwvr 
ami wife an<l .\hnor G-nner. alllmuoh. not nlemhc^^ at the time ui oroanization. 
joined NX.n after, and are now anion- th.e ^.!dest and n^ost respected member?. 
After Fajset. William Irwin and 'Y. J. Edmonson served the church f^r 
many years in the capacity of pastor. Rev. John Brazleton. of North X'env.n. 
Indiana, the present pastor, has sen-ed the cimrcli in a most acceptable maimer 
for many years. The first huildinjj was of loo-s and was probahlv cuninlcted 
as early as 1840. In 1854. the present frame hou-^e. cstin" about eis'lit Imn- 
dred dollars, was completed and dedicated, and with the additions an~^l recent 

improvements, it is in fairly pood oMiditinn. The ]>rcsent officers arc Elders, 

C. M. Allen. Thomas Clarke and lienry Eisk; deacons — John Clarke and' 
William Cutsinger. 


The ^lorristown Christian church is the outgrowth of the old Han- 
over class, which was organized in the latter part of the thirties in a 
school-house which stood in section 23. Hanover townsliip. Manv of 
the early members and ministers were formerly Baptists, having 'ijeen 
constituent members of a society of tlie denomination, wliich was es- 
tablished at the same place as early as 1824. Rev. Isaac Bcniamin. hav- 
the most earnest supp.>rters of the doctrines of the Clun-ch of Christ, and nianv 
of the members left the old church and with, him as their pastor, organized 
the new. Among the most prominen.t early members were the Coles, Stones. 
Blood^^. Dyers and Caulkins. Elder Butler was probably the first regular pas- 
tor after Benjamin. Reverends flollingsw. ,rth.. flurst. Hobb. Smith,. Daiibin- 
spike. I'rank-lin. Band. Raynes. Conner AIcDuffcy and Campbell all ser\ed 
the church in an early day. In 1843 a large frame church house was erected, 
and although, it has stood for almost a half century, it is still in good condition, 
and is an evidence of the character of the work done in da vs. Within 
the last twenty years the numbcrship .if the church has been comjiosed large- 
ly of citizens I'f :\lorrist. w n. arid vicinity, and the c.-'Uvenience of having the 
church located m or near the town was universally conceded. The present 
brick edifice, costing three thousand eight hundred dollars, was completed and 
dedicated in 1880. The otticers of the church are: H. B. Cole, trustee: John 
Keaton and \\'illiam Carney, deacons, and Jesse Robinson, elder. The mem- 
bership is one hundred twenty-five. Reverend Prichard. of Indianapolis, is 
the pastor in charge. 


The Cave Mill Christian church is located on Flat river, in Wash- 
ington township. ?> anterior to the orgarnzatior, were held at 
the private residences, and in one of the rooms of the old mill, as 



early as 1855. It is prol)al.le no pcnna-ir-.u orsjanization was 
cffecicd l)ciorc 1859 or 1S60. While the organization was yet in its 
infancy, the tocsin of war was sonnded. and so nniversallv did the male 
mcmhers rc>ii)ond to tlie call of tlieir country, the church was alnvist 
deserted, and suspension became necessary. I'rominent among the members 
of this first organization were : Doctor Xorris and wife. J. C. Deacon and 
wife. Elder Higgins and wife, Sarah Eone. Stephen Knowlton and wife, and 
■Mrs. Harvey. Rev. J''hn A. Wdlliam^ was the first pastor. After the war 
had ceased and the survivors had returned, steps were at once taken to re- 
organize, but this was not effected, however, until early in the seventies. A 
frame house was erected near the old water mill, and the church, is now in a 
prosperous condition. 

The ministers who have served the church are John William;.. Revs. Mc- 
Gowan, Hull", I-"inley, Howe and Brazeli'ni. 


It is probal)le that more than a half century ago the members of this 
denomination held services in the vicinity of l-"ountaintown. The birthplace of 
the church was tw > miles east of the present site of Fountainiown, in what 
was known as the Pope, neighborhood. The organization was ettecled in the 
old ]Methodist church, with the Popes. Davises. Dobbles, Duncans. Roans and 
Robinsons as active memliers. ]\Ieetings were, for several years, held at the 
residence of Peter Pope, and later at a church-liouse built in the Pope neiglibor- 
hood, Vvhicli was destroyed by fire about ten years after its erection. Early 
in the sixties the present church was erected. It is a frame structure and cost 
one thousand eight hundred dollars. The members who were active in build- 
ing and .sustaining this church and who deserve special mention in this con- 
nection were : James Conner. D. Holt, James Smith, John OTvane and 
Reverend \\'alker. 


This church is Located near Gwynne\-ille. in Hanover townshij). This so- 
ciety was first organized at Beech Gro\e. probably as earh- as 1S50, by the 
Rev. James Conner. Active in the organization were the Darmers. Swains, 
Pollitts. [McConnells. W'e^ls, Bogues. Webbs. Alexanders and Rigbees. The 
pioneer ministers of this church were: James Conner. Decatur Davis, Thomas 
Lockhart, Reverend Blackman, Aaron Walker and Xoah Walker. After the 
lapse of a few years the place of meeting was changed, and the school-house 
of District Xo. 6 was used as a place of worship. In 1870 a frame church 
costing one thousand five hundred dollars, was erected on a lot donated by 
J\lr. Gwynne. This is located three-fourths of a mile east of town. The pres- 

ciiADWiCK s msTORV oi- siir.i.r.v co., ind. i^i 

cut nicniborship i> al.oiu u.rty. The ..lTKcr>. arc: John .Mcxandcr, Bcniainln 
Duncan. Alfivd ]^.niu. (icMrge Hayes and J. R. Harris, iriiMecs ; J. \V. 
Alexander and Ilaniihun Walton, deacons. 


(By Will F. Little.) 

Alter IT. 11. Xessl;i-e. the Rev. A. L. Crini was called. Rev. Criin was 
born in the southern part of the state. When a young man lie fanned in the 
summer and attended school during the VN-inter months. 

His .stay of two years was one of the most ]irosperous limes the church 
had e.xperienced up to th.e time of his comin;.;-. During his stay one of the 
most noted meetings, known as the Crim and Sellers meetings, was held, at 
which time one hundred and sixty members were taken into the church. 

Rev. A. L. Crim was followed by C. M. Fillmore, of Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Reverend Fillmore was a member of Fillmore Brothers Music Publishers, and 
has since became famous as the author of the song known as. "Tcil Mother 
['11 Be There," which has been translated into several languages. He remained 
two years and was followed by Re\-. :\Ic.-\rgue. E. B.' Scofiekl and W". S. 

In October. 1S99, Rev. Finley :\Iahan was called to this place and took 
charge of the work at this time. Things were in quite a bad shape, the church 
having been without a pastor for several months. The church seem.ed to take 
on new life immediately. The atten.lauce to hear Reverend Mahan was large 
and it was not long until tlie church had out-grown its place, and Reverend 
Mahan began to talk cf a new church-house and while there were a great 
many discouragement--. Mr. Mahan and his follovcis knvv,- that where there 
■was a w ill there was a wav. 

The old church was sold and a committee was appointed to find a place 
of worship. The place secured for temp.irary worship was the K'dge room of 
the Ancient Order of United ^^■orkme^, corner Pike and ^^"■ton streets. 

A lot was procured on West Washington street, near Tompkins street, 
for the erection of the new church building. Committees were appointed and 
at a meeting held nine thou^and dollars was raised, a sum much bevond what 
anyone had expected at that time. Work was begun on the new church, April 
15, 1901. The church was completed and dedicated >.Iarcli. 1903, at a cost for 
lot and all near twenty thousand dollars. 

Reverend Mahan held several large revival meetings in the nev.- church, 
one of them being known as the WiNon and Lint meeting, at which two hun- 
dred and si.xty members were taken into the churcli. 

The first altar was erectcil Monday morning. April 15. 1901, by the pas- 


tMf, Reverend Mahaii. consisting of some boxes, uiuler ihe wide spreading- of an apple tree and from tbis altar tlic first Scripture lesson was read, 
and tbe fnst prayer offered preparatory to tbe building of tbe new edifice. 

A largo number of tbe cburcb members were present to witness tbe first 
sbovel of dirt thrown. After reading of the Scripture f'-om Xelieniiah, second 
chapter, and sixteenth chapter from Mattlicw, and an earnest and imiMcssive 
prayer by the jjastor. tbe first shovelful of dirt on the excavation was thrown 
out by Mrs. Mary (kitewood, president of the Ladies' Aid Society. Tbis honor 
was bestowed in rccogniti m of the valuable services tbis societv had rendered 
in making it ])ossible to estal>lisb tbis new liomc to tbe cburcli it represents, 
but to the city as well. 

Tbe architecture is of an entirely different school from that employed in 
any other clnu-cb in the city. It is a modification of the old Spanish Mission 
style, which was p.jpular near the close of the fifteenth century. In this v^ ill 
be found the charming effect of the low side walls arid sloping roofs, with, just 
enough of the Cmtbic outline to add grace and dignity to the structure. The 
main audience room is octagonal in shape and will seal about five hundred peo- 
ple. The chapel is separated from tbe main auditorium by rolling slat parti- 
tions, which increases tbe total seating cajiacity to about eight hundred. Par- 
lors, receplinu rcXims and pastor's stmly have been fitted up in modern styles. 
In the basement are dining rooms, kitchen and pantry. It is a building of 
which all Shelby ville should feel proud. 

On tbe lotb day of June, 1903. Reverend r\Iaban was married to ]Miss 
Jesse ]Means. daughter of ]Mr. and Mrs. Cornelius Means, of tbis city. 

September 14. 1904. in tbe midst of his triumph, Mr. >,Iahau died, it 
being the secnd year of tlie new church, lie left a wife and daughter and a 
congregation of seven hur.dred members to mourn his loss. 

In January, 1905. Re\-. TI. O. Pricbard took up the work, laid down by 
Reverend Alaban. and faithfully served the church for two years. During this 
time he was given a lea\e of absence of nine months, which time he spent at- 
tending school at Plarvard. The pulpit was filled at this time by Rev. H. H. 
Harmin. of Irvington. Indiana. 

The present pastor is Rev. J. P. Myers. He came during the last days 
of January. 1908. from Portsmouth. Ohio, and took charge of tbis church. 
So broken in spirit was the membership of tbe church over the death of the 
former pastnr that no attempt was made for about a year to secure another 
pastor. His successor, however, did all in his power to re.-ume the work of 
tbe church. When Re\erend Ah'ers came lie found an indebtedness of about 
six thousand five hundred dollars. Tiiis debt bad been standing several 
years. Re\erend Myers detern-.ined tij have this amount raised and wii)e out 
the debt by at farthest, tbe date of October, 1909. By ihe month of April, 
when ibis sketch was compiled, all had been secured but about 


seventceii ur eighteen luindrcd ilollars. and this aniount i.-~ provided for, to he 
paid 1j}- Oct.iher. as originally planned hv the new pastor. 

The society is growinn;: the Sunday scIkjoI has donhled since Reverend 
Myers' coming-. The Ladies' .\id Society of late years has been very active 
and helpful in the raising- of necessary funds to carry on the work' of the 
church. The leader and president of this society, :\Irs' Hatlie Bass, deserves 
special mention in this connection. During the last fourteen months thirtv- 
eighl have been addetl to the church memhcrship. After having attended to 
the iinancial part of the church. Reverend Myers then turned his attt^ition to 
the establishing- of a men's Bible class, which now numbers about one hundred, 
and is doing eflkient work. This is the largest class of its kind in Shelbyville. 
as is the Sunday school the greatest within the place, now numbering' three 
hundred and fifty-seven. 

:\Ir. .Myers is a bnxid-minded. highly cultured mini,.ter, bringing wich 
him diplomas from the best colleges and universities in this country^ He is a 
g-reat supporter of both home and foreign mission v\-ork. Tlie church over 
which he now presides has a great n-iission to fill and has truly the confidence 
of all good citizens, whether in or out (A the church. 


Zion church, located in the southern part of Union township, Shelbv 
county, was organized in 1S36, and ten years later incorporated. 'J'he meet- 
ings were held at the residence of its members until 1S45. ^'-'hen a small log 
church ^vas provided as a meeting place for the small congregation. This log- 
church stood near the site of the present church edifice. the early 
with this church and denomination, may be named; George 'SI. Ilachl, John 
J. Hachl. Conrad Hachl, Peter Xeeb, Henry Xeagle, John Gegenheimer, "\'al- 
entine Freitag, John Fuchs. Adam Smith, George Burk. Geo'-ge Cowein, T"hM 
Ohmer, George Keppel. John Keppel. George Zeisx, and G. M. Becker. "The 
old log building' referred to sened as a place for worship for more than twenty 
years, b-Lit in 1S68. at a cost of four thousand dollars a frame structure -vvas 
erected. The first pastor of this church was Reverend Rice, who served his 
flock most faithfully. His successors were: Reverends Huhnholz, Miller, Cal- 
tenhaeuser, Teichmann, Flick, Brandstratner, Baumann. Sachs, Anker, W'at- 
terstn em, Richter, Kissel and the present pastor. Dr. G. G. Winter, who has 
served almost forty years, and besides his many other duties as pastor at Shel- 
byville, where he has resided since 1S80, his educational duties as teacher and a 
moderate medical practice, his is indeed an exceptional useful and busy life 
among the people of Shleby county. 

The church in Union township liad a membership of almost two hundred 
in 18S6, but at this date — 1909 — has ninety-four families, or about double the 
number the s^.)ciety had then. 

134 ciiaduick's history ok CO., ixn. 

The present ]>astor. Winter, cnuse.l the (leht resting; on the church 
to be paid oil durin-- the first year of his adniinistrati. >n and since then 
no debts liave been c.">ntractcd. 

In l88S John and Caroline Haehl pre>ente.l a liell to thi- chnreli. valued 
at three hundred dollars. To place it an mUlition to the clunvli was built and 
with it a steeple of liig'h and inspiring altitttdc. In iqoi an imitation pipe 
organ was purchased and the year following- an iron fence \\;is built around 
the whole of "God's acre." 

The present off.cers of the churcli are: George Fuchs, William Gegen- 
Iieimcr. Edward Hachl. George A. Kuhn and Jacob Keppel, Jr. 

This church has had an even, steady growth ever "since Doctor \A'inter 
was made pastor, away back in 1S70. It numbcs among its nieml;ers many of 
the best citizens within Union township and has been the means of accompl'ish- 
ing much good to mankind. 


This clnuxh was perfected in its organization June 11, 18S0. It was the 
outgrowth of a division in the German Presbyterian church. About seventv 
members of the Pre-liyterian church withdrew and applied to Dr. G. G. \\'in- 
ter for the organi;;ation of an ]i\ange!ical Protestant class which was effected 
as above stated. :Meetings were held in. the Christian church building, which 
they paid for by the Sunday. In 1887 the building fund had increased to 
seven hundred dollars, and when about to erect a building of their own tliey 
saw it to their^ advantage to purchase the frame edifice that tliey had been 
renting from the Christian denomination, which thev did in 1900. on Tub-' 
30th, paying for the same three thousand six hundred dollars casli. Since "that 
date tlie church has been thoroughly renovated en tlie inside, papered, painted 
and new carpets laid. In 1905 a new pipe organ was bought from Pilchers 
Sons, of Louisville, for one thousand five hundred ddlars, and in 1906 a water 
motor was procured and attached to the organ. 

This congregation has: A \\'oman's Association, Sewing Society. Young 
Ladies' Association, etc., all of which societies have been doing excellent wor'k 
for the good and support of the church. 

The choir consists of sixteen members, under the leadership of the pastor, 
and ranks among the foremcjst of the city of Shelbyville, where much attenti.:.r! 
is paid to church music of a high class. 

. - The present membership i> two hundred and fortv-six. ddie present ofi'i- 
cers of the cliurch are: president. Matthew Schoelch : secretarv, Adam Reichel : 
treasurer, Albert \\'eingarth : trustees, William Frechtling,' Henrich Mcver,' 
and George Reichel. ■ - "" ' 

By reason of his old citizenship, great learning in the professions and 


science?. lii> zeal for liis cli^scn wurk ;mk1 lii'^ [.general character as an muir- 
iiigf \\orker. Doctor Winter, wlio lias so many years ijecn ai the lieaci ol ihis 
church, anil nne in Union town-hi]-) — Zion — he is known almost universally 
througliont Shelby cc'unty. He has, as jjastor, niarrieu huiulreus of couple? 
and buried man.y of the old pioneer band that he found in the county when he 
first became a citizen. With the passing of tlie generations, the name of Dr. 
G. G. Winter will ever he referred to as one to be revered as will also that of 
his good wife who has always been true to the trust imposed on a minister's 
wife, while their family will ever be an honor to Shelby county and Indiana. 


(By A. Kaelin.) 

The surrounding- towns, with Indianapolis as a center, have, in late years, 
become a stronghold of moral force. A wave of leinperance that now sweeps 
over the country, had its inception in this remarkable center of moral uplifting 
and virtuous activity. Prison reforms that seem to be so far beyond what 
experts had deemed possible, were not only pkiuned, developed and tried, but 
put into practical use; had gotten their start in this distinguished l:icality. The 
betterment of the conditions of feiuale prisoners in many ways not th.nught oi 
before was ingeniously "studied out" by minds living- either in tlie capital city 
or in one of the surrounding towns. 'l"o such work of cliarity and humane 
uplifting persons are seen to take an active part in, whose home is in one of 
the nearby towns, in a way that makes tlie looker-on think tlie}- ha\e become 
completely identified with, the works and i-sucs of the great capital city. Tlie 
out-lying towns round about Indianapolis act as potent tributaries in the cause 
of religion and humane treatment of the downtrodden, that in the good result 
their efforts becoming united, the good achieved goes to the credit of all wlio 
took a part in it. Indianapolis and its nearby neighbors have become clri-eh- 
identified in the doing of good. 

It was not so in the early days. , This city of many beautiful churches, 
charitable institutions, hospitals, asylums, once upon a time was dependeni on 
out.side assistance for the establishment and progress of its religious work. 
As the numerical strength of the many denominations "increase froiri day to 
dav," because the city is growing, so do the outlying towns round about Iti- 
dianapolis keep pace proportionately. But looking back to those days wheti 
things had their beginning, they were so modest and unpretentious. 

In the Catholic denomination, which has now tv.-o bishops in Indianapolis, 
two hospitals, academies, schools, convents, asylums and churches approach- 
ing the score figure — it had its mother church in Shelby county, near Shelb}-- 
ville. . Indianapolis was too small to lia\'e its own churcli or priest whilst out 


al She!li_\' count_\- was a thrift}- little coirimuiiity tliat had it< own church and 
pastor. Here resided the jiastcn- that looked after the welfare of the soul.- in 
Indianapolis. This was a depcndenc}- ot the i)ari<h clutrch. St. \'incent de 
Paul, near Slielhyville. In the then small town of Indian:!])M!is lived a few 
pioneer Catholic settlers. These the parish jjriest from St. \"incent's visited 
and gathered tog:cther lor divine services once a month on a Sunday. Rev. 
A^'incem Bacquelin was ajipointed by the rightful ecclesiastical authority as 
its first pastor in 1837. From that date until i8_i.o his pastoral visits were 
once a month. He f. amd it necessary, liowever. to come more frequently — 
sometimes twice or tlirice a month. After ministering to these few faithful 
on the Sun<!a}- he wfpuld on I\l outlay or Tuesday return again to his home at 
St. \'inccnt's. His journey on horseback, on the faithful little sorrel mare, 
was along the National road, touching north of Fairland. the little cross-road 
hamlet "Pin-Hook." thence northeasterly towards what we now call Pleasant 
\'iew. Xew Eetliel. and from there over that long stretch of country down 
to the place r.f wliat was called Military Ground. Often in wir.tcr the go<,d 
father would arrive at liis "church" at Indianapolis Saturday evening, late, 
covered with mud. wet. cold, hungry and exhausted from the tiresome journe}-. 
St. \'incent's church was the mother church of Indianapolis imtil 1846. Sep- 
temlit-r jd. of that _\ear. when the zealous father was near Sl':elby\'i!lc. he was 
thrown fp'm his horse and almost instantly killed. He v.'as returning from a 
sick call. " On receipt of the startling news by his congregation in Indianapolis. 
a company of five persons started on horseback to the little church where the 
body lay. The party consisted of Diiuglas 0"Reillev. K. Barrett. A'al- 
entine liutcli. Michael Barrett and Dr. George Xegley. At the risk of their 
lives they arrived in time for the funeral. They devotedly assisted at the 
solemn ol)sequies of their beloved pastor and friend, ^^r. Berry Sulgrove. a 
non-Cathijlic, says of Father Bacquelin : "He was a ver\- moilest. unpretending 
and amiable man: zealous in his duties and pioits. if e\er such a man lived." 

ST. vixcext's church. 

This little church and flock at St. \'incent"s. under the leadership of this 
good priest, held a meeting on January 6. 1838. to deliberate about building 
a church. On September 9. 1838. they entered into contract for the sum of 
six hundred nineteen dollars to build a house of worship on a two-acre piece 
of ground donated by Thomas W'orland.. In October. 1839, the first services 
were held in this newly built editice. and dedicated it to the patron St. \'in- 
cent de I'aul. 

I'rex'i'ius to this time priests now rmd then visited the few members, 
scattered over a thinly settled territray. They were men sometimes sent by 
Bishop I'laget. of Bardst<')\vn. Kentucky, and at other times they were such as 

C11.\1)\\1CI;"S HISTOKV 

had 1j 

lecn among: the settlers former pni 


1 then administer the consolations 


\u'j; that since leaving- their home 


their relifrious ol.ilii^ations. Sue! 

SlIELHV CO.. IN1>. 137 

i'.iners. whom tlicy came to sec. amJ 
re!i£;ioii to all that could he reaeheil. 
Kentucky they had keen unahle to 
priest came to Slielhy coraity from 
St. Pin's church in Scott e^mnty. Kentucky, to look after his former s])iritual 
children. He was Rev. Father George Elder, who came in the fall of 1828. 
On tliis occa.sion he also ])reach.ed the \A"ord of C«-id in the puhlic school-house 
in the little hamlel of Slielbyville. Everyhody was anxious to take a look at 
the Catholic priest. He came again in 1829. and on this occasion hai>lized 
several children. In i8_:;o Rev. S. P. Lalumiere was sent by r>ishop Elaget 
from P.ardstown. Kentucky, to visit the Catholic families of Shelby county. 
He came twice a year — spring and fall. Father Petit, a Jesuit, accompanied 
Father Lalumiere. makin.g a tour through Indiana, preached a sluirt mission 
here, dni-ing which Gciirge Laws was baptized and received into the churcli. 

In 1834 Rev. Steplien Badin. the first priest ordained in thel'nited States, 
on his wa}' to South Bend, stopped with the congregation one week. Rev. 
Joseph Femeding. from Xew Elsace. Dearborn county, Lidiana. came on a 
visit in 1836. In ]\Iay, 1S37, Father Lalumiere paid his last visit liere and 
then projjosed to the congregation to ha\'e a resident priest among them, to 
which tliey gladly agreed. In 1837 the bishop at Vincenncs sent Rev. A'incent 
Eacquelin to take charge of this congregation. Fie thus became first jiastor 
of the church and congregation, and from here visited and ministered the con- 
solations of religion to the faithful in the whole territory, south, beyond Co- 
lumbus. Indiana. Indianapolis, and all points in this large expanse of wdiat is 
now Shelby, Bartholome\v, Johnson, ?*tarion and Rush c<_>unties. In this wise 
St. \'incent"s church became the mother church of all those poin.ts now situate 
in this large tract, so beautiful and prosperous. 

In October, 1840, Bishop de la Hailandiere, fn.m \'incennes, Indiana, 
visited the congreg-ation. blessed the newly built church, and confirmed seven 
persons. He was accompanied by Rev. ^M. E. Shame, an eloquent priest, who 
preached the sennon. Father Bacquelin w-as pastor of St. A'incent's for nine 
years and one month. While returning from a visit to Rusli count}-, .Septem- 
ber 2, 1846, this precious life was abruptly and satlly brought to a close by 
an ini fortunate accident. 

During the succeeding twenty years, four pastors ministered to tliis people. 
Rev. John Ryan followed soon after in the ]jastoral ofiice. Then Rev. Jwlin" 
^IcDermott, Rev. Tliomas .Murphy. Rev. John Guegen. the latter ha\-ing 
charge for a few- years: then Rev. Daiiiel .Mal^iney succeeded hin-i : then Rev, 
Father Martin, Father J. P. Gillig, Father William Do\le. 

In 1S61 the Sisters of St. Francis from Oldenburg opened a parochial 
school on the cliurch grounds. Faithfully from this time on they taught not 
only the cliildren c>f St. \'incent's neighborhood, but the Catholics from all 


iiEi.nv CO 

Shelby cr.unty \vcmi1.1 put ur^.dcr their qeiule care tlu-ir lnveil little one>. Many 
of the older nioniliers of the Shelhyville vicinity attended the Sisters' seh. 10! 
at St. \'incent's. 

In Xi'venilxM". iSfiR. Rev. josei)h Rudolf was appointed pastur n\ this 
congregation hy Bishop Saint Palais, of \'incennes. Indiana. Words can 
hardly do.justice to the indefatigable zeal and energy that he displayed dm-ing 
his pastorate. The hne church tiiat stands so majestically in that fertile plane 
of Shelby count}-, near Prescott. was the culmination of his splendid career. 
He, soon after completing it. was ordered to Cnnncrsville, Indiana, to build one 
mc're, even more beautiful than the one he whh a generous, faithful and ener- 
getic flock had erected to the glory of the F.ternal. 

Since completing their church at St. X'incent's the congregation has con- 
tinued to worship there and prosper in a remarkable degree. Complete in all 
details as they have furnished and equijipcd their church, school and parsonage, 
they also helped others, with a generous, open haiid. yet never forgetting th.eir 
own house of God. Their several pastors since the days of Father Rudolf 
were such brilliant men that frcfjuently their bi-lvjps promoted them ti^ larger 
fields of labor and to give reward to merit. 

siiKLiivviLLK Catholic cttUKCii. 

The history of the Catholic church at Shelbyville is almost concomitant 
and cotemporaneous with that of St. A'incent's. The pastors of this nearby 
parish always looked after the spiritual welfare of tlie few Catholic families 
of the county seat. To the middle of the fifties, the number of families had 
increased so as t() make it necessary to rent a public hall where their services 
were conducted. Until this time the priest would celebrate the holy mysteries 
in private houses, of the O'Connors, ^Morgans and others. During the ten 
years that the little congregation gathered in the public h.all for worship they 
had occupied two difi'erent locations, however, their mind- and hearts were 
directed towards having their own church sou'ie day. Ground was purchased 
on East Broadway, by Re\-. J. P. Gillig. and other preparations were gijtten 
under way. On August 6. ]8r.6, the first spade was struck in the ground for 
the foundation. After "niof was on and floor in," unplastered, they began 
to hold ser\-ices tlierein. It was on Sunday in the month of June, 1S68, tliat 
they gathered for tlie first time to celebrate the mass in this cnide structure. 
Rev. William Doyle was the pastor oi the two congregations, ^^'hen in the 
fall of this year. Rev. Joseph Rudolf was ap[>ointed pastor of St. \'incent's, 
the Shelbyville church also came under his charge. Soon he had put the un- 
finished structure in a more befitting condition for church services. Plither, 
this upright man come to serve his flock, every Sunday and several days 
in the week, winter and a sinnmer, rain an(.l shine, earlv and late, ur.til the day 


of his removal to^ville, in 1881. Under liis careful guidance the 
congregation increased its membership quite considerably. In 1S75 a i)an>- 
chial school was also openedi in Shelhyville, l>y the Sisters of Oldenburg, in a 
wooden structure purcha-ed with ample gr.'unds, on luist Broadway, with 
his per.sonal funds, the indebtedn.ess being reduced, year by year, witli the 
ever ready charity of St. ^'incent■s congregation. From the very beginning, 
when the old church was being constructed, did the meniljers of St. Vincen.t's 
church assist tlic struggling people in the county seat. 

Father Rudolf was succeeded by Ke\-. b'rancis 'riirl)eck, wlm was, like his 
predecessor, pastor of both churches. In 1S86 the pastor was again changed 
— Father Torbeck being ordered to a larger held of labor after a very success- 
ful pastorate of four years. 

An important event is now brought ab. «ut — a new epoch in botli cinirches. 
Each now received its own pastor — Rev. 'SI. L. Guthneck came to St. \"incei,it"s 
and Re\-. Kaelin was sent to Shelhyville. Two separate parishes. Each hail 
grown large enough to support their own congregations. The city of Shelhy- 
ville grew with the advent of industries — so did St. Joseph's membership. 
Year after }ear a strong increase was recorded. All were then inspired with 
zeal and push, thinking that the little old church would soon be inadequ.aie 
for the growing membership. All worked in harmony toward the one end ; 
the bitilding of the new church which should be of such dimensions and striking 
in its architecture that should die city be twice its present size it would still 
be able to accommodate the whole membership. The purcliase of the building 
space, the accumulating of monies, removing of obstructing buildings presaged 
the long-looked-for e\'enr. On September 8, 1902, the ground was bruken iuf 
the foundation. On the 24th day of the frillowing IMay, 1903, the corner- 
stone was laid with a great concourse of people — many priests from far and 
near came to assist the Rt. Rev. Dennis 0"Donaghue, D. D., au.xiliary 
bishop of Indianapolis. By 'autumn time the building operations had pro- 
gressed so far that it could recei\'e its roi:f. July 4, 1904, the lower auditorium 
had been finished and arranged to hold the di\d!ie services therein. It served as a 
place of worship until the church was completed and dedicated — August 2, 
1908, During" the pastorate of twenty years and three, of Rev. A. Kaelin, 
the congregation has grown to three times the numbers it was in 1886, when 
he arrived July 22d, t.i take charge thereof. Four deals were effected in real 
estate, five stnictures built, la'-ge and smrdl, and eight different organizations 
established in the church. The members are elated at their beautiful new 

Both churches — St. \'incent's and Slie!b_\wille — are a credit to the whole 
county. The structures are imposing, architecturally correct and beautiful. 
The members of both are proud of their work. As citizens they are patriotic, 
law-abiding and industrious. From little bands of worshipers, each has grown 


and developed into a lari^e and pro>])eiv.u> community. Tb.e .^uece?^lul de- 
velnpmeiit. little by little, however, it was always the line (-t inyalty to their 
ch.ureh, and in eonipliance with God's holy ordinances. They have built a 
house God will hear their snpiilieations. where i>oor man will be uplifted, 
where God will be adored in spirit and trtiih. 


A somewhat peculiar relig-ious sect was in reality the outgrowth of the 
Civil war, and had its beginning in a con\'ention at Columbus, Ohio, in the 
month of February. 1864. The delegates were from different sections and 
from variotis denominations, who had l^ecome aggrie\-cd at some real, or sup- 
posed, offense against them. This sect was organized on the following basis: 
"Having a desire fc r more perfect fellowship in Christ, and a more satisfactory 
enjoyment of the means of religious edification and comfort do solemnly form 
om-sclves into a religious society under the style of "The Christian Union," 
in which we avow cur true and hearty faith in the received Scriptures of the 
Old and Xew Testaments, as the word of God and the only sufficient rule of 
faith and practice, and pledge ourselves tlu'ijugh Christ to keep and preserve 
all things whatsoever he hath commanded us.'" 

l-'rom this convention Mr. A. M. Hargrave retin-ned imbued with its 
spirit and with the following named, proceeded to organize the Ulue River 
Chapel: Henry Wolfe and wife, August Handy and wife, Alexander Smith 
and wife, ]Mrs. \A'illiam Handy, John Jackson and wife. Mrs. Dallas Smith, 
Charity Wolfe, Simpson Chandler and wife and ^Irs. A. }.!. Hargrave. These 
persons had all been members of the Asbur}- Methodist Ej.>i-ci:ipal church and 
had all been Democrats and most all the church had belonged to that party, 
hence it came to be styled the "Democratic Church." In brief it may be stated 
that nearly all the branches of the newly-formed sect were from out the 
Democratic ranks. The first preliminary meeting was lield at Gale's school- 
liouse, over in Hancock conrity, in the summer of 1S64. Later they erected 
a frame building, at a cost of one thotr-and dollars. Rev. O. H. l\ AlTott 
was the first regular pastor and served many years. Xothing is now known of 
the society. 


This denomination was among the early worshipers in Shelby county. 
The first meetings were held at a school-house in Marion township. Some of 
the first meetings were held in a barn, while "God's First Temple" — the forest 
trees — were the shelter from the elements while these pioneer people worshiped 
after their own faith. Early in the forties wdiat was styled Kingdom church 
was organized, and a hewed log house thirtv bv thirl v-six feet, was built in 


section 30, Hanover teiwiisliip. near the I'nim Inwushin line. Tlic Blue 
River Cha|K'l liousc was completed aliont 1855. costing- one liiousand six hun- 
dred dollars, and was remodeled in ilie eighties. Among the early menihers 
of this denomination in tlie>e parts were: the Bowerses. Montgomeries, 'i'al- 
berls. Nights, ^"i nngs. Anderson^. Workmans, Sleetb.s. Myers and McCombcs. 
In 18S7 this church numlicrcd one hundred and fifty-five menihers. 

^^'infall L'nited Breihren church, on section 27. of \'an Buren township. 
was organized about 1S4S. by Reverend Mooth, and services were held many 
years in school-houses, one of which stood near where this people erected their 
church later. This building cost one thousand two hundred dollars, and was 
dedicated hv Bishcip Edwards. Among the early-day members were: Joseph 
Dungan and wife. George Boss and wife, Xoah Miller and wife and Hardy 
\\'ray and wife. In 18S6 the memberslhp here was about seventy. 

The third church of this denomination of the Blue River circuit was 
organized in the north.east corner of Hanover township, in 1S77. A small 
church was completed in 1880. To Rev. Felix DeMunlirum. p Frenchman of 
great energy and rare ability, is due the credit of forming- this church. 

Liberty F'nited Brethren church was organized as a class in 18S1, by 
Reverend ^.IcXew. with a charter memliershi]) of fifteen. They i)urchased the 
old church owned and u-ed joinll}- by the I!aptists avid Christian denominations. 


As early as 1832-33 Revs. Peter dinger and Hawkey came as mission- 
aries to Shelby county and established preaching at Joseph Flewiit's. in Han- 
over township: at Caleb Reeves, in IVIoral township; at John Carson's, in 
Sugar Creek township, and at Tandy Brockman's, in Hendricks township. 
Churches were established at these several points between 1832 and 1S34. 

In 1850 Rev. Harvey Collings organized the church of this denomination 
at ^Morristown. with th.e following members: Rev. ?Ieniy Fletcher Levis and 
familv. Cvrus Johnson, Samuel Eoretz and wife. Belinda Johnson, Martha ' 
Morriston. Mariah. Hewitl, William Judd, etc. 

At l-'rceport a church was forn-ied in i856. In 1843 Janics Johnson. Sr., 
donated a lot to the church, and a house was built thereon costing one thou- 
sand two himdred dollars, at Boggstown. Ii-i 1850 Samuel Hamilton gave a 
lot to the church and there a log building was immediately erected. A frame 
structure followed this in 1S71, costing one thousand eight hundred dollars. 
About 1852 a site was secured and a frame house built, costing one thousand 
five hundred dollars. At about the same time a house was built near the Kern 
school-house, which cost about one thousand three hundred dollars. Subse- 
quently a lot was seciu'ed in Morristown, and in 1S58 a good building was 
provided there at a cost of one thousand six hundred dollars. In 1SS6 a lot 


was donated in Fix-eiJort and a neat frame clinivh was erected, valncd at one 
thonsand five hundred d, .liars. 

Of I'eier Clin-er it may he repeated what has l.ecn fre.iucntlv remarked 
of iiini, "Jle the jdm the r.;ii)tist" of Slu-lhy ccamiy te. the' Methodist 
Protestant ehureli. He with his faithful f. illowcrs to r-'wim swollen streams 
and the spirit n\ the early clunvh workers was to never miss an appnintment, 
no matter iiow had the elements and how precarious the journev to a preaching 
appointment. Camp meetings were sustained and much g-ood accoinpli,shcd. 
Thomas Hacker, one of tiie pioneers of tliis church, walked to tlie annual Con- 
ference at Cincinn.ati an.d secured a preacher and brought liini h.inie with liim 
rejoicing. In 18X7 the property of this denomination was Valued at eight 
lhou,sand five luuidred dollars; churches were in operation at Boggstown, Old 
Union, Marietta, Sugar Creek, l'"air\-iew. Freeport. About nine hundred mem- 
bers constituted the churches of Shelby county, (jf this special >rethodist faith. 

At this date there are kuMwn to Ix- hut two churches of this faith within 
Shelby county — iie at Shelbyville and one in the vicinity of ^^lorristown. — the 
members residing both in and out-ide of that town, 


(Ly \\". Johnston,) 

By the request of the ci.nuity historian I write the fullowing: In the sum- 
mer of 1S7S I ha<l occasion to take my wife In a sanitarium, at Lafayette. In- 
diana, on account of brcjken dow n health, and was there eight weeks with her, 
during which time I read Seventh Day Advent literature and compared it with 
the Scrii)ture L'pon nn- return Ivimc, a full believer in the doctrines held by 
that denomination, and in .\ugn-t, 1879, 1 attended a camp meeting held by 
this denomination in Xoblesville, Indiana, where I was ])aptized ,and united 
with the church. For cc>n\-enience. my membership was i)!aced in the Xew 
London churcli, in Howard county. Through the distril>ntion of literature 
and an occasional visit frcm some of our ministers and a tent meeting in the 
summer of 1SS2. we kept up the interest during the eight years of my isolation, 
until tlie winter of 1885. when Elder A. \V, Bartlett held a series of meetings 
at Boggstown. and at Pleasant \'icw. The meetings resulted in the organiza- 
tion of a church in Bog.gstown by Elder \\'illiam Covert, in the winter of 1886, 
.with fifteen charter members. 

The Lord blessed us in oui- elTorts and during the same winter ami sjjring 
following, we built a commodious house of worship, v.hich was tledicated June 
6, 1887, free from deljt, W'e now have a membership of se\enty-seven. We 
have a house of wor.ship at T'leasant X'iew, with an organization of twenty- 
nine members, the same having been organized with twelve ch.arter mem- 

CHAiiwicK s ui.STi;i<v OF siu-.i.i'.v CO.. ixu. 143 

licrs. in i8i)S. One of this nnmlicr was al>o n cliartor incnihcr at l>ncrs'>- 
luwii, and Ijy wliose faithfulness, and the preacliiiiQ- uf ih.e word at iht'fer- 
ent times by Elders Steele. ('Mllin-. ]\. 'herts and others, ijie orcraniz.ation was 
efi"ected. In 1886 Elders M. (;. lluffnian and O. C, Hodsmark held a >eries 
of meetings at Wnldnm. whieh resulted in ori^anizing a chnrch with sixteen 
members, and the ereeiimi of a house of worship tiiat wa- dedicated December, 
1SS7. and nuw has a niemliership of seventeen. 

The Se\-enth Day Adventists Imld tliai the Scriptures are a sufficient rule 
of faith and that the wnrd of God is its (jwn interpreter. 

Eor many years we had felt the need of church school facilities, where 
our children would be under the influence of religious teachers, so in 1889 we 
built a schoM room on the rear of the church building at Eoggstown. which 
also serves fnr a school room for the priman.- and kindergarten classes in the 
Sabbath scIkioI. Later, we Ijegau to discuss the edncationrd cjuesiion a tittle 
stronger, which resulted, in locating the State Conference School near thi- 
l^lace, in 190J, now known as the "Jlceclnvood Mariual Training Acr.d.emy," 
with an enrollment of about sixty students at this date — April. 1909. They are 
from various sections of the state. The present vrdue of building and lands is 
about ten thou.sand dollars, wdiile the total value of all our church property in 
Shelby county is appr'.'ximated at sixteen thousand dollars. 


(By -Mrs. Etiie Conner.) 

September 2t^. 1833. the brethren met at the residence C)i William Morris 
and held a meeting looking to the fonnation of a Baptist church. Daniel 
Stogsdell acted as mt^derator, and ^^'illiam. G. Eaton as clerk. Th.D-e of this 
church faith present were: D. Stogsdell. J. I,r)ng, Philip Stark. P. \\'hiili.">\v, 
Davis James Clark. James Gri^ham. James Ri^l>ertson. .\lexander Robertson, 
John Bush, William Wickifl. J. Reese and others fpim near by places in 
Shelby county. These represented Baptists from Shelbyville. Blue River, Mt. 
Moriah. and other points. The articles of faith of the Elatrock church were 
at hand and adopted. It was agreed that the naine of the church to be formed 
should be called the "Baptist Church of Christ, at Lewis Creek." The charter 
members were: Polly Stafford, Simeon Staftord. Xancy Stafford. William 
^forris, Martha Morris. David Henrick. Matilda Henrick, Polly Morris, Xeal 
McCann. Louisa McCann. The record says that "Brother Stogsdell preached 
a sermon on the occasion from — Peter 2: 17 — 'Honor all men. love the 
brotherhood, fear God. honor the King.' " This record is signed by William 
G. Eaton, clerk ; David Stogsdell, moderator. This is tlie substance of the 
first recorded n:'inutes of this church.. The place where this church was formed 

144 chadwick's history of siielhy co., ixd. 

was at the Morris liomc. and i> now kiMwn as tlie Toiiv Miii^ farm. Rev- 
ereiul Eaton was cn.^-a.ucil as ]ia-;tor Xovcnil)cr, 1S3,:;, iV.t it.o vcar. William 
and Je-;sc Morris wcix' cli^scn deacons, (^n the first Saturday in l'"chruarv, 
1834. it was the time f .r a husiness mcetin- and it was then decided to have 
a foot-washing'. Again tlie minutes show that in Xovcniher of the same year 
they attended another font-wasliing, at evening session. Xotbing later ap- 
pears regarding the subject of foot-washing. William .Moore served the 
church twenty-three years a^ moderator. He i)crformcd all of his labors 
free, and it is said that he was easily offended if anvone tendered him pav. 
He was always called "Old Uncle fiiUy."' In December. 1836. it was 
thought necessary to secure someone to "set tunes" for singing at public wor- 
ship, and Buckner Caudell was chosen. In Feljruary. 1837. trustees viewed 
grounds u])on which to erect a cliurch edifice. George Fisher about that date 
donated lands for this use: the material was also donated and a church was 
erected: il was twenty liy twenty- four feet and faccl the west, and it 
had one window of one sash in the south and one in the ea-t. The seats were 
slabs hewn out b}' the meiubership. They had no way of heating the church 
so they met in the building in summertime and at private houses in winter- 
time. Xotwithstanding the rude edifice, these devoted people enjovcd their 
new quarters and sang praises unto the Lord and were thankful, possibly more 
So than church-goers of tixla}'. They went to church eitlier on foot or on horse- 
back, clad in home-spun garb, including home-made shoes, and sometimes in 
warm weather bare-footed. The singing books being scarce, the preacher 
having the only one, he \vould read two lines, then the congregation would 
sing them. This was followed up until tliey had. finished the entirf li}'m!i. 

In August 1 84 1, the pastor with se\-eral other visiting ministers, iuclud- 
ipig Re\s. Reese and Curtis, held special ser\-ices and a number uniteil with 
the church, including Allen Sexton, still living at the ripe old age of ninety- 
one years. 'J'he pastor was Reverend Stogsdell, and at the close of the meet- 
ings Reverend Barnes arose and stated that he was not going to scare by 
taking up a cdlection. but that he wished them to accompany him to the out- 
side and examine the dilapidated saddle of Brother Stogsdell, after wiiich if 
thev felt that they could give anything to come in and lay it on the table. 
They would not pass the hat around for they thought that was too much like 
Methodists. The}" examined the saddle and found it worn out and he soon 
received a new one. Reiuember they did not believe in paying a preacher, and 
some even objected greatly at this expenditure, which was the first that had 
been tendered the pastor. 

At one time this same pastor was a member at Clifty, but was excluded on 
acciunt of preaching temperance, missions and advocated Sunday schools. 
He then cn-ganized a Mission church on his own account there. In 1842 the 
congregation wishing to be more modern agreed to ceil the church building. 

CHAI>\\ ICK S IHSTCIKV OV SliEI.liV ( O.^ IXD. 1 45 

'J'lic work was iierfonned by mcniliLTs. as was also tlic cliir.kini:: and re-daub- 
iny in the log walls. Tl'.fy also deciiiod to ii.irchase a stove and sent Ciideon 
Stafford to Lawrcncebury to got it. bnt there he fi.und n Tie on sale, so bought 
a second-hand one, whieli he brought baek with him. But they had troubles 
of their own and even in that remote day "Siniday headaches" were frequent, 
but committees were .sent out after them and if they could not send a reason- 
able excuse they were ex-communicatcd. What a bu.-y time the present day 
church crimmittee wrmld ha\-e at trying this jilan. 

Sometime in the fifties the old church was abandoned for a frame building 
that stood just to the south of the present church. Silas Gore, the only 
bidder, got the contract to erect this church. It was lhirt\'-six bv fortv feet, 
and many objected on account of its being too large. In 1838 it was ordained 
that each male meml)er pay twenty-fi\-e cents toward t!ie running e.xpenses of 
the church, and Allen Sexton was made treasurer and served forty years. 

In 1859 the church relea.sed Reverend r\Ioore as pastor and called John 
Reese for one year, agreeing to pay him one hundred dollars. He served this 
church until 1868, when James Young was called, hut soon resigned and was 
succeeded by Reverend Calif, who in 1870 was follov\-ed bv John Reese again, 
and he continued until 1884, making twerity-two years service. 

The present church edifice was built in 188J-83. at a cost of two thousand 
three hundred and sixty dollars. In October, 1884, ^V. \^'. Smith was chosen 
pastor and continued three years and was followed by G. H. Elgin, \vho died 
while pastor. Since then the pastors have been — Revs. Perry ^.larkland, ^Ic- 
Gregor, Harper. Coulter, Huckleberry, Eberson, Jayne, Odell and the present 
pastor, \V. T. Markland. Sixteen pastors have served ; six hundred and seven 
members have been taken into the church, the preserit membcrsliip being two 
Imndred and fifteen. The seventy-fifth anni\-ersary has recentlv been cele- 
brated. The society has accmplisheil much good in the passing decades and 
is doing good work today. 


I'he only Episcopal church in Shelby county is that knov.n as Christ Epis- 
copal church of Shelbyville. Senices had been held by this denomination for 
ten years prior to the erection of their building at this point. These services 
were usually held at private homes. Although there were but a few Episcopal 
adherents in the vicinit}-, great interest was taken b}- this few. Too much 
praise cannot be given to the Ladies' Guild, wbo succeeded after years of 
hard work, in buying a building site and erected a comfortable, neat little 
edifice, called Christ Church, situated on the corner of Tompkins and ?Iendricks 
streets. The foundation stones were presented by ^^'ill;am and Edward Price. 
The interior of this structure is well jilanned, suitably painted and provifled 
with choir stalls, a lofty ahar, and a roomy vestry, while it is heated by an 



excellent iiiniace. 'J'lie l;i<lies secured two hiiU'Irc'l (Icilars willi which lo pro- 
cure an (ir^;in. hy cliiiiiL;' a l"cal paper I'l ir a short time. A hue carpel was 
doiialol hy Mrs.'CarsMii. 

The church \va> cni-ecraled ?\Iay 30. i()Oi. hy liishop Francis, and services 
ha\e heen held regularly ever since, with a gcj. id attendance. 

Altlmug-h the ciiurch - iciety has ^utTerell l.^ss hy death and reny>vais, ihe menihers are faithi'ul wcirkers. This was ohsei'x'cd :it the present 
year ]\aster ser\ices wlien the music was of very high order. 

Among tho>e who ha\e had, charge of this congregation ma}- t)e named: 
Revs. Hobart. Martin. Headv. Comfort, Mcilman and the present rector. Rev. 
George Gallup. ^1. A. 


The liistory of St. \'incent"s church hegins with the year 18,^7. It is the 
oldest Cathiilic cniigregaticin of the stu'roun<ling territory, antedating the 
foundation of any Catholic jxirish exen in Indianapolis. Catholics, however, 
settled in .Shelliy county a number of years previi:-us to the above mentioned 
year. I\h>. Ccrnell. a nati\-e of Maryland, is said to have come in 1824. In 
1825, Air. and Mrs. Leo. W'orland. of Scdtt county, Kentucky, visited a sister 
of Mrs. W'orland, lixing in this county, and in the following year settled 
permanent'}'. J'lhn Xewii>n and family came iu 1827. Thomas W 'rland. 
father of L&' \\"<niand. fi.llowed his s<jn in 182S, bringing his entire family. 
He was a gnod, pii us Catholic. Through him other Catholics were induced 
to immigrate froiu Kentucky, and his coming may be said to mark the foun- 
dation of the present St. \'incent's congregation. 

The Rev. George Elder, of St. Pius' church, Scott county. Kentucky, 
visited his former spiritual children in the fall of 182S. The holy sacrifice of 
the mass was then offered for the first time in Shelby county, in the log cabin 
of Thomas W'orland. The congreg-ation at that time numbered about thirty 
members. Father Elder paid a second visit to the infant congregation in 1829, 
and again said ma^s in Thoiuas \\"cr!ai:d's h-juse and also baptized several 

In 1830 the Rev. S. P. Lalumiere. of \'iiicenncs, was sent by Bishop 
Flaget. of Eardstiiwn. Kentucky, to visit the Catholic families of Shelby county, 
coming twice a year, in the spring and fall. Father Petit, a Jesuit, accom- 
panied b}- Father Lalumiere. on a missionary tour through Indiana, preached 
a mission here, during which George Laws was receix'cd into the church. In 
1S34 the Rev. Stephen Badin, the first priest ordained in the L'nited States, 
stopped with the congregation one week and baptized William S. W'orland. 
The Rev. Jo-eph Fenu-ding. from Xew .-\l.-ace, Dcarb''rn county, Ii;diana, 
came on a \isit in 1836. In May, 1837, Father Lalumiere paid his last visit 

ciiAinvicK s nisTOKV (11- siiKi-i!V CO., ixn. 147 

here, and projiu.-ed to tlic c mgregati ui t" have a resident priest, lo wliich 
the members ghidly agreed. 

In August. 1S37, llivh.-p }]rute, of \'incennc>. Iiithana. sent th.c l-icN'. 
Vincent P,ac(|uehn h> take charge of ihc congregaii(-in ;is a resident pastor. 
He was a native of France, a man uf zeal and activity, and scion gained the 
Io\-e and esteem of his ]ic iple. Fnun here lie also \isited. tlie Catholics at 
Indianapolis and Cnlumbus. In July. 1S3S, Ilishop Ilrute visited the eongre- 
gation and administered the Sacrament of Omfirmation to thirteen ])ersons. 
The zealnus h\ather Bacquelin. anxious t.i have a church, held a meeting of 
his ])copIe Jaiuiary 6, 1S3S, to consider the matter. They determined to build 
a church, and Septeiuber 6. 183S. the contract was let fi^r six hundred and 
nineteen dollars. Thomas W'orland donated two acres of land. In October. 
1839, mass was first celebrated in St. \'inceni's church, and in Oct'iber. 1840. 
Bishop de la Hailandiere visited the congregation. ]ilcs>ed the church, and 
confirmed seven persons. He was accompanied by the ]\e\-. M. Shawe. wdio 
preached the sermon. Fatiter Eac(|uelin was pastor of St. \'incent's for nine 
years and one momh. Wliile returning fiMiu a \isit to IVier's. in 
Rush county, on Septenil)er 2. 184(1, he was tbrnwu fomi a horse and killed. 
This sad eveiu caused deep and lasting regret among his people. wh<T followed 
his remains to their last resting place -in St. A'incent"s cemetery. 

Father Bacquelin was succeeded by the Rev. John Ryan, wlio remained 
but a short time. In 1847 the Rev. John McDernxitt bcc;ime pastor rmd. had 
charge less than a year. lie was succeeded by tb.e Rev. Patrick .Murphy, wlio 
stayed only a few nn lUths. Then the Rev. John Gueguen had charge for about 
four years. The Rev. Daniel Alaloncy came in 1853 and remained two years. 

In May, 1855. the Rev. Edward Martinovicz. or I-"ath-cr Martin, as he was 
popularly known, Ijecame pastor of St. \"inceiu"s church. In 1861, with the 
assistance of the Sisters of St. Francis of Oldenburg. Iniliana. he established 
the parochial .school. During his stay was built also the brick parsonage, 
which is still used together with the addition built during Father Rudolf's 
pastorate. Father Martin left unexpectedly in the beginning of 1S63, and 
against the wishes of the peojile. for he was loved and revered by them. 

In July. 1863. the Rev. John Gillig took charge of St. Vincent's and 
remained its pastor for abjut three years. In the beginning of 1867 the Rev. 
"William Doyle was appointed pastor, remainitig until June, 1868. The con- 
gregation had so increased that it was frnind necessary to build an addition to 
the church. 

In Xovember. i8<')8. the Rew Francis Rudolf became tlie jjasti^- of St. 
Vincent's, and for nearly thirteen years labored earnestly to further the 
interests of his charge. In 1870 a large addition was budt in. the parsonage. 
In 1877 arrangements were made to build a new church, which was completed 
in iSSo. The church is a tine brick building, one hundred and twelve bv fort\-- 

14S chadwick's iiistc'UV of snia.r,Y co., ind. 

llirec feet, with a steeple one Inni.lred and tliirty-ei-lit feet liiy:li. In May, 
iSSi, I'^ailier Riulnlf \va> assigned to Ci'niiersville, Indiana, wliere b.e died 
in igo6. 

The Rev. I-'raneis Torbcck was assigned to St. \'incein's as suceessor of 
Father Rudolf, and hati charge until July. 1SS6. He was succeeded by the 
Rev. M. L. Guthncck. During his pastorate the church was frescoed in a 
most tasty manner, the church grounds were beautified, the new cemetery plot 
was secured and laid out in lots. Father Guthneck remained in charge until 
near the end of 1890. Then the Rev. Joseph Hegger had charge for a sh.ort 
time. After him came the Rev. Ferd. Ilundt. who remained about a year. 
In the beginning of 1S92 the Rev. G. M. Ginusz took charge, remaining until 
July. i8y6. During his pastorate the natural gas well was drilled, and con- 
tinues to the present day to furnish light and fuel for the various church 
buildings. Beautiful vestments and statues also were secured during the pas- 
torate of Father Ginusz. In August. 1896. the Rev. A. Danenhoffer became 
pastor. He introduced the Gregorian chant at services. Early in 1S9S he 
was succeeded by the Rev. Charles Strieker, who remained only a few months, 
after vvhom tb.e Rev. Joseph Hass had charge for a short time. 

In March. 1899. the Rev. Joseph Bauer assumed charge and remained 
nearly seven }'ears. During his ])asti'rate a pi])e organ was secured, beautiful 
stations of the cross were purchased, the church was re-frescoed, and other 
improvements were made, so that the church is complete in all details. In 
Januaiy, 1906. Father Bauer was succeeded by the Rev. Frederic Ketter, who 
is the present pastor. At this time the congregation has about four hundred 
and seventy-fi\e members, and is in a must tloiu' condition. 


(By Hattie E. Robins.) 

The Methodist Episcopal church was the first denomination to effect a per- 
manent organization the limits of Shelby county. Methodism followed 
the course of the early pioneer in his westward march, and a complete history 
of the progress of the church would be a history of the county and its growth. 
For the material growth of the county, its towns and villages, has never mure 
than kept pace with the development of the church. 

\\"hen the sturdy pioneer bad cleared a little patch of ground and built 
his cabin home the ascending smoke from his rude chimne\- was a signaling 
hand, beckoning the faithful preacher of righteousness where he might find 
those needing his ministrations. And so the cabin homes became the first 
preaching places in Shelby county. 

The first regular preaching place in the county was at the house of Mrs. 


Jane Slct-tli, alternatiiipr witli t!iat of William H. Slecth, one mile north of 
^\•he^e the town of Marion is now locaied. Thi> wa.s in the fall of iS_'i. The 
next year (1822) the newly Iniilt ?cliMol-h,,iu-e hecame the meetinq- place, and 
so continued for eighteen years, when the meetini;- place was changed to a 
larger school-house which had heen built in ]\Iarion. The society continued to 
meet in this school-house until 1S62. when a frame church was erected. This 
is the oldest church organization in Shelby coitnty, and is still flourishing. A 
few more years will mark its centennial of instant Christian service. 

The Second Methodist Episcopal church, known as Roliert"s Chapel, is sit- 
uated about three miles below Flat Rock Station, and is within twenty feet of 
the county line, between Slu-lljy and P.arlholomew counties. This society was 
foriued in 1S22. 

The ^^'ray ?\rethodist Episcopal church,, sometimes called Center chundi, 
w-as the third in the list or ?ilethodist Episcopal churches in tlie oamty. The 
organization began in 1822, in the Wray neighborhood about three miles 
iiorthw-est of Shelbyville. and the house of James \\'rav. a local in his 
former state of Xortli Carolina, was the meeting place for many years. Final- 
ly a church Iniilt of hewed logs was erected and used for all denominations. 
It has passed away, haying served its purpose, while the grounds on which it 
stood are now occupied by a cemetery. 

A good and commodious frame clrarch has been built by the ^^lethodist 
Episcopal people, south of and adjoining this little "God's acre," while the 
l^Iethodist Protestant? have one to the north. 

On the 4th of July, 1822, Shelbyville was made the county seat. During 
1823 an occasional prayer meeting was held in the newly organized town, at a 
private house, and a few times a ]Methodi=t minister preached, in passing, to 
the settlers. In 1824 the ordinance of baptism was administered for the first 
time in Shelbyville, to a daughter of Mr. and ^Irs. \'an Scvoc. who afterward 
became Mrs. Elias Thompson, mother of S. J. Thompson, a member of our 
church today. 


It was not until 1825 that a class was formed, however. This class was 
composed of seven members, who united to form the First Methodist Episcopal 
church of Shelbyville. 

Would that the story of hardships and privations, and the eame-t efforts 
of these fathers and mothers of the church might be fittingly told. They are 
gone from us long years ago. but they have left a monument in the ^.leth.odism 
of Shelby county and' this city that commemorates the work thev accomplished 
in planting the new settlement, and in establishing the church. 

This nucleus of a church which now numbers nearly one thousand mem- 
bers was composed of the following persons: Elisha Mavhevv and Abigail, 


hi- wife: their t\v. 1 dau:;hter.-. Sarah and Ahigail ; lames and Terusha \'an 
ScvMC and Mrs. Catherine Gru„h-ich. .\1-^... 'iH..sih"ly. David Thatcher and 
others, who legally formed a cliurcli May 7. 1S31. They met in two log shops, 
one standing where the city buiMing is now located on Wasliington street, and 
the (ither on the suutlnvest corner of Franklin and Tompkins streets. The 
IniiUling on \\'a<liingl( -n street \va- a caliinet sli.ip, ])elonging to Jacob Shank, 
and an apprentice of his. Isaac Wilson, who died when ox'cr ninei\- NX-ars of 
age at his iiome. He used to tell of these earl_\- day experiences, and how 
some of the attcnd.ants whittled ;he edges of the benches until strips of hard- 
wood had to be nailed to them in order to protect them from the jack-knives 
of those frontiersmen. 

The other cabin used for services was built by J. C. Sleetb for a chair 
sb.op. but was also used as a post-otTice. Mr. Sleeth joined the new church at 
the brst meeting that \\-as held after its org'anization. These two historic 
buildings res'jumled to tlie eloquence of more than ordinary men. among whom 
were John Strange and James Havens. 

In a few years the s-.ciety met in the court-hou-e, then located in the pub- 
lic scjuarc. Later it m.ived to a !)rick school-li. .use which stood on the site of 
the present Franklin Street school. Finally in iS,:;.? they went into their own 
church building which had been erected where the present ])arsonage no\v 
stands, on West ^Mechanic street. It was a frame building, thirty by forty- 
five feet in size. Flere the church worshipefl and pros-pered for twenty years. 

During the early years the meetings were well attended, even when the 
preaching was on week days, as often happened where circuits were large and 
preachers few. After the sermon the preacher? led the class meeting. All tlie 
membership was expected to remain to this service, and woe to the tmluc'cy 
weight wdio absented himself without cause. The church ditl not deal witli d.e- 
lincjuents with gloved hands, but with the ])urpftse of ref')!'ming them and re- 
storing them t(T the correct w-ay. 

Quarterly meetings were seasons of great spiritual uplift and blessing. 
Large crowds from far and near attended ; ofhcial members siimetimes coming 
from long distances to be present at the meeting. "Love Feast" on Sabbath 
morning, was a great occasion. It was hekl with closcil doors, and tickets of 
admission were given the faithful. All present were glad to take part, aiid 
wonderful inlluences went fmm these testimonies of i)ersonaI exi)erience. The 
doors were then opened for the pub'lic worship. Often, diu'ing the -erm. -n. 
the spirit of God came upon the people and conversions were numerous and 
powerful. The first quarterly conference held in Shelbyville was held in the 
meeting house on \\"est Mechanic street. December 31. 1836. It was followed 
by an oId-l"a-~hioned watch-nigiit meeting. Reverend Havens and Reverend 
Wdiitten preached — preached with power and the results of that meeting were 
seen many years. In "Reminiscences rif Early Indiana," O. II. Smith, writes 
concerning lames Ha\ens in these words: 


"Me was tlie Xap.'lcMn of cretin xli^t i)rL-ar!icrs in Eastern In>liana. — liis 
great characteristic as a ijreaclicr was his .t;-iK>(I common suisc. Tile stale of 
Indiana owes him a greater debt of gratitude for his long and valnal)le hfe to 
form society on the basis of morality, education and religion, than any_ other 
man, living or dead."' Mr. Havens commenced a ministry in Shelbyville in 
1827, which continued with intermissions as pastor, presiding elder and vis- 
itor, until 1S64, when he passed away — to join the church "triumphant." 

In 185 1 the churcli building having became too small for accommodation 
of the growing congregation, a new church home was Iniili on ^Vc^l Washing- 
ton street, where the present church now stands. Shelbyville church had now- 
come to be a station. Prior to 1851 the church had been a ]>art of a circuit 
since its organization. F n- ten years — from 1825 to i8_^5 — it had been one 
of the appointnunts on the Rusbville circuit. This circuit included the towns 
of Rusbville, Circensburg. St. Omer, New Castle, West Lil)erty 1 now Knights- 
town) and Shelbyville, and was known as the "Four Weeks Circuit." In 1836 
a new circuit was fomied with Shelbyville at its head. There were twenty-two 
appointments on this circuit. The amount of money paid for the support of 
the Gospel that year on the circuit was two lumdred f.jrty-five dollars and forty- 
nine cents, of which Sbelbyxille society paid si.\ty didlars and seventy-tive 
cents. Small this sum seems nov\-. but tlien it was large and in keeping v,i;h 
the times. 

A I'nion Sunday school had been formed in Sl-ielbyviHe as early as 1833, 
and ^\■a^^ jM"incipalIy ofncered and maintained by Presbyterians and Methodists. 
It only held its sessions during warm weather. In 1838 a Meth'^list Episcopal 
Sunday school was organized — and, like its predecessor, it discuntir.ued. during 
the winter mcmths. It was not until 1844 that the school succeeded in living 
the entire year, winter as well as sumrnei. 

Since that time the altar-fire of the Metliodist Sunday school has never 
gone out. The first organ for the use of this scliool i)urchased in 1803. 
and greater attention was given music in the scIiodI, with gratifying results. 
Eut it was not until three years afterward — in 1866 — that the church was [ler- 
mitted by her quarterly conference to use the organ in jniblic worship. 

In 1855, beginning September 25ih. the session of the Southeast Indiana 
Conference was held in Shelbyville. r)ishop Scott presiding. It was a time of 
great blessing for the church. 

Again in 1864. September 21st. the conference met at Shelliyville. Bishop 
Simpson presiding. This was during the Ci\ il war. and church affairs as well 
as secular matters were at white heat. The conference was memorable for 
two things — the opening prayer of the conference, by Dr. E. G. \\"ood, who 
having two sons in the I'nion army, had recei'.ed word that morning that t!ie 
third had been drafted. He poured out bis loyal, yet fath.erly heart, to God 
in a prayer never to be forgotten by those who heard it. The second remark- 


abk- eNfiit uf that Ci inference was the serm. m liv liishc]) Simpson. Tlieve are 
still jieisons livinq- in the city wlici sometimes sjieak of that sermon, of its al- 
most (li\ iric cl<iqiience. On every heart there seemed to rest the impression 
of more tlian orJinar\- intUienccs which lifted int<j a realm not often reached 
by mortals. 

Three more times in the histi'ry of this church has the cimference been 
enteitained in Shelbyville — in 1881, 1S94 rmd in 1008. I'Lach occasion has been 
of a great spiritual uplift and ])rofil. to the c!nn-ch and the entire com- 
munity. The two ciir.ferences known as the '"Indiana" aiul the "Southeastern 
Indiana," were united in 1895. and tlie resulting conference body is the largest 
in ]\IetIiodism. In 1871 or 1S72, the "Woman's Foreign ^klissionary Society," 
then a new organiz;iiion in the Methodist church, formed an au.Kiliar\- society 
of ten niem])ers in om- church. Mrs. Xancy ]\I. Wright is the only charter 
member noiw living. She has been correstipnding secretary through all these 
years; faithful and efticient. always. This society uimv numbers one hundred 
sixty in its membership. 

The "Woman's tlomc ^Missionary Society." a vounger organization, bv 
se\-eral years, is also a large and flourishing society, enthusiastic and zealous 
of good works, '^'oung people's and children's missionary societies have been 
formed under the auspices of these older societies and are all nourishing. One 
of them — "Queen Esther Society." composed of young ladies, numbers eighty. 
There is also a large "^ilother's Jewels" organization, composed of the little 
ones under six years of age. Other organizations are "The Standard Bearers." 
of larger children, and the ''King's Heralds." 

There are two l-",pworth League Chapters, organized several years ago 
that comijlete the list of young people's societies in the church. 

Another ladies' society, called the "Ladies' Reception'' and composed of 
a number of the ladies of the church and congregation, is of much help to the 
pastor in a quiet and unostentatious way, besides looking after sune of the 
material affairs of the church building. This societv long since abandoned 
money-making plans of all sorts, and depends enlirelv upon the contributions 
of its members for its revenues. The weekly meetings are purely social in 
charctcr, and are enjoyable and profitable to all who attend. 

An f/rganization among the men of the church — the "Methodist Brother- 
hood," has just been effected, which is expected to accomplish much goi^l in 
reaching the men of the community. 


The church building has twice been remodeled and enlarged. It now has 
a seating capacity of about fifteen hundred persons. A beautiful pipe organ 
long ago replaced the small reed organ of the "sixties" and in its turn "was sup- 
planted by a much larger and better instrument. 

jn\ iCK 

'S Hi 




CO.. i: 

inol. Nvl 

licli 1 

la.s it? 


in the 






c(l l>y 

a piai 






of pra 

ise by 



Tlie Sunday scluiol. which ha.s it? hnine in the l>aseinLiU of the church, is 
led in music li}" a chorister, accompanied l)y a piano and (irchestra oi eiafht 
pieces. Here even.' Sabbatli rise songs of praise by nearly hnir liundi-ed y<ning 
voices connected with the school. 

In the month of March, 1S71. a convention was held in the church of Shel- 
byvillc. on the question of "Temporal Economy in the Church." It was a dele- 
gated body, consisting of one steward from each quarterly conference, in the 
Southeastern Indiana Conference. Tlie result of the discussion was a financial 
plan that provided for the maintenance of the church and snpp'irt of her min- 
isters, by assessing the member.-hip, according to their ability to pay. The 
plan worked very well throughout the churches, and is yet in practice general- 
ly. However, about eight years ago — in 1901 — a few of the members of the 
Shelbyville church banded themselves together in a "tithing covenant." and 
have since poured into the treasury of the church oih--frii;h or a tithe, of their 
incomes. The church has been able to dci greater things for missionary work 
since that time, as well as for other bcne\-(ilent enter])risc5 of the church. 

The fame of this church has gone abroad throughout the country fur what 
she is doing- in the matter of giving. The list of "Tithers" grows a little con- 
stantly, but what migh.t be accomplished if all tlie members tithed! Increased 
giving has brought new respnnsibility. and opened the doors of new opportu- 
nities that cannot be shunned. So this current year, the clnn-cli thp'Ugh its 
Sabbath school, assumed the entire support of a pastor in Africa for five years. 
By so doing our church is working day and night for our pastor in Africa, 
the Rev. S. D. Coffin works while we sleep. Only seven ^ilethodist Episcopal 
cliurches in the United States are doing this special work. 

In the eighty-three years that this church has been in existence it has 
had forty-one dilterent preachers in charge, with seventeen junior preachers. 
The Rev. George M. Smith is the present pastor with Rev. Clyde Black, as- 
sociate pastor. r^Iany of these men have been men of ability and all have 
been men of God. Of the nineteen presiding elders during uur history, one, 
E. R. Ames, was made bishop in 1852. 


In 1891 the city of Shelbyville ha\-ing grown so large a« to demand the 
organization of a new Methodist church a beautiful structure of brick was 
erected on the northwest corner' of and Colscott streets. Later additions 
were made to it. The new church started with a large and flourishing Sunday 
school and a fine Epworth League, and has proven satisfactory The church 
is incorporated under the name of "West Street Methodist Episco])al Church 
of Shelbvville." 


S inSTcKV 

llio van .US ,.,-anizati..ns .,f the clnnxh aie a> follnv,<- Sun. lav >d-.OMl, 
i'.iuvr.rth Jnni..r l-.pu-,.nh W. .man's Mnnu' Alissitmarv S..- 
cicty. Moilior's Jo\vd> and\-' AmI. 

r.Mili the Fir>t clmrch an-l WVst >iu-ct church own '^<ux\>oiia-c>. The 
first clun-cl) i)ar>.,na,ce is on West Mcclianic street wlicre tn.e lirst Metlmdist 
Kpiscojxil churcli sMod so many years agfo. The ixarsonage of tlic West street 
clnu-cli is on the churcli let. to ilic ii-uth of tlie clmrch Iniildin- These houses 
are not only the Imuics of the preachor> and lluir families. Inn their doors arc 
open always in h. .^i-itality and iViend^hip t<; the church, an.l in svmpathv and 
comfort to those wdio seek it. 

In \\'alkerville. a suhurh of .^lielhyvillc to the east, and ..nly recently in- 
corporated as a part of the city, a very neat churcli huildiny wa> erected ;;l)..ul 
six years ag-o. It is a of what is now known as Slielhvville circuit. It 
has a good Sunday .schu,,l and i< doin- -ood wnrk for its locality. 

The financial value nf the Methc.dist church properiv in Shelhvville is 
about as lolluw^: First church., fnrty-fivc thousand dollars'; parsonaq-'e. ^cven 
thousand dollars; West street church, ten thousand dollars. i,arsonaL.-e, two 
thousand dollars: ?^lain street, ^^'alkerville. ei.qht hundred dollars. 

Besides thc-e Shelbyville Methodist Episcopal churches "is the small 
church at the corner of Franklin and \'ine streets, known as the Methodist 
Retormed church. Shelbyville owes much to th.c faithful pastors of this little 
cliin-ch and its members, in the moral influence t!;ev wield in this part of town. 

In all it is believed tliat from the early day to now ih.ere have been several 
thousand people connecte<l with these various Methodist churches in Slielbv- 
ville._ Many have removed from the city, many are dead, and their memorv'is 
precious. A goodly number are alive at this writing— mav tliev live lon^^ to 
carry on the work of the clnu-ch adown the years. ' ' "^ 


Aside from the Mcth.idi.t Episcopal churches named hv Mrs. Hattie E 
Robins, the atith .r has discovered the historv of the followiu- churches within 
the county, a partial list of which she kin<liy furnished, \vhilc other data we 
secured ourselves. 

AMiat was for many years kn. ,wn as the Bocrgstown Methodist church 
was organized at the house of Mr. Hjugh an.l later meetings were held at 
Adam :McFadden's, a mile to the south of the villa-e. In i8;o a frame 
church was erected at Booqstown. In 1886 this churcl, numbered^ eiglitv-six. 

At Brandywme, in the autumn of 1S27. at the home of Mrs. Seena ' near 

CHADwicKs HISTORY nF .>in:!.r,v CO.. 1X1). 153 

Fairlaud. :i .-iocietv wa-^ formed. Service? were lieM until \S.[0 at private 
hou-<e?. inehulino tlio.^e m1 c;. Ci. Harsi'i.^. ilie DeineiU.^ and Ouiiuis. Durins^- 
that year ( 1849) a Imilding was erected. Tv>o [lariies of rou^'i s(iiiatters. 
one on either side of tlic town, insi.-lcd on disturhiii^- puljlic worship, and 
joined one an'itlier in holdino- mock pra}er meeting-, in hearing of tlie ^er- 
vices iield by the-e pioneer Melh. idi-t:.. and when the settlers could no l^mger 
stand tlie abuse, they arii>c and .-o.:>n put a slop to sncli lawlessness. 

Sugar Creek (uiiw Fairland) was organized in 1S47. I'l'-' ^diurch at 
FairJand. properly speaking-, was formed in 1S55. Thomas Hacker and family 
and Doctor Lewis and wife -and a Mrs. Ho-kins firmed a clas^. .\ jjjace of 
worship was pmvided an^l a Sunday ^ch^)ol had Ijecn nnming sometime before 
the completion of the church Ijuilding. 

At Flatrock, in 1S5.2. a frame chnrcli was erected bv the Mcthi;di->t 
people, three miles SdUthv.est of Xorri-iMwii. near (nrl ui's },Iil!s. The society 
wor^hipcd here until 1S70. when it moved to I'latrnck station. 

.At Xorrisiown a cla-;s was formed in iSoO by twelve members. In 1^86 
this church had a membership uf ninetv and worshiped in the old L'niou 

At Ararietta. in the forties, was organized a Aleth .di.-,t ciiurch. Services 
were at first h.eld at pri\ate houses, hut later in a school-house. About 1876 
many members v ithdrew and helped from th.e Methodist Protestant cluirch. 

Morristown circuit was formed at an early date. Asbury church was the 
first organized rm this circuit. Soc.n afler land had h.ecn ^urveved in 1822 a 
log cal)in church was erected. It Iiad a brick chimney and had its [lulpiit in one 
corner. Jonathan John-on and family were prominent in this .ir.ganization. 
Re\'. John Sto\'er was the first circuit rider there and a mcjst excellent worker. 

In 1839 a frame Iniilding was erected, at a cost cu' four hundred dollars. 
The present Morristown church was built in 18S5. W. W. Woodyard was 
the architect and lived in the community until 1908, when he died. In 1S86 
it is recorded that the memljership was ninety-h\'e. but today the}- have two 
hundred memliers and in a flourishing couditii>n. The cost of their present 
building was four thousand six hundred dollars. W. .\. T'culine. an old mer- 
chant of the town, has ever been liberal in, his support of this cluu-ch. of which 
he is a worthy rnemljer toda_\-. 

At Fountaint(jwn a class was reorganized in 1857 and in 1S76 a new 
church edifice was completed. In 1SS7 this was a thriving church, doing mtich 
good. Its first class leader was Isaac Robinson. 

Pleasant Hill church was formed at the house of John Cdenn. in 1S30, and 
retained the name of Glenn's S(iciei)- for thirty years. Mr. (Ticnn was the 
first class leader. Xenr li_\-. later .,n. a frame church was l)uilt. The society 
is still doing an excellent church work, but data is not at hand for this work 
of a county record. 


At \\"alilr(in the ciiurcli was originally C'-'iincclcd with that of ^ilkklle- 
town and Conn's Creek, it was estahlishcd in iS^d. with I-'rank Toler as a 
class leader. C<'inn's Creek was <^r£;anized in 1840. at the cross roads, now 
W'aldron. The Kniyiit family were prominent in this work. Also the \'an 
Pelts and Eliss families. School-houses and pri\ate homes serveil until a 
church was erected, in 1858. when it took on the name of \\'aldron. Soon 
after that the society at ^^liddletown abandoned the site and united at W'aldron. 
making it a strong chinxh. From an old record it appears that the following 
were ofificers in iSSfS: Trustees, J. J. Curtiss. Henry R. ^Nling, and A. H. Ray- 
mond ; Stewards, Mrs. R. R. \\"ashburn, ^Irs. Elizabeth Washburn and A. H. 
Raymond. The membership then was about fifty. At this date — 1909 — the 
memlx-rship is one hundred and ff'rty-seven and the society is strong in in- 
fluence for good in the community. 

At a point on the Xorristown pike that was named Wincliester. a }ilcth-- 
odist church was formed, called Shadley's Society. They met at the hou^e of 
Mr. Hadley until 184S. then moved to the house of Thomas Maddy. In 1S50 
a frame house was built twenty-six by thirty-six feet. Prominent among the 
members were the Sliadlcy family. Charles Thompson and wife. Mrs. Jolin 
Monroe, T. H. Wherret and wife and Kitura Green. The frame church was 
replaced by a substantial brick building, dedicated in 1872. Among the active 
builders of tliis church were: Andrew 3>Iaple. Tiiomas Th.oinp^on, Job D. 
Tindall. John A. Gore and John W. \\"ilson. In 18S6 the church had a mem- 
bership of eighty. It is still in the field. 

I'nion Methodist church was formed by Ripple's class in 1833 and many 
years later callerl I'nirjii church. Tlie first preaching was at an old settler's 
house named Ripjile. The class occu[)ied a school-house until 1849. when a 
frame church was erected. F"ifteen years later a new church was built, in 1864. 
The Greens. ]\IcFalls. Fosters and Jacksons v.ere pri lUiinent in this organiza- 
tion. The church is still doing good service. 

Toner's Chaj^el, four miles from Shelbyville, is another Meth(jdist pciint. 
Preaching commenccil there in 1836. School-houses were tiseil initil 1845, 
when a frame building was erected. Services are still held a.t this place. 

A church was formed at Geneva and a thousand diillar building erected 

Canaan Methodi-.t Episcopal church is located in ]\Ioral tnwnship. four 
miles south of Palestine. In an old frame building the early settlers by the 
score met and heard the word preached with old-time power. 

Cynthianna church of this denomination was organized and a church built 
in 1854. Renry Fisher. Thomas Jones. William Fisher, J. X. Marshall and 
others were zealous in the work. The societv ne\er became large or very 

There is also a Methodist church at London. Shelbv countv. All in all, 


Met'nodism has sought out ahnost every nook and corner of this county, at 
one date or anotlicr, and hence has become a stronj^ denoininatiuu tciday. 


With tlie numerous religious denominations within Shell-,y county, the 
Baptists ha\"e I'mm an early day been very strong, and have organi,;ed and, 
kept ali\e many churches. 

The ^Missionary Baptist church was organized in the spring of 18^3. 
From the pen of Rev. John Reece. the author here takes the liberty to copy 
what he said many years ago concerning" this denomination : 

"In the settling of Shelh}' county, persons came from dilTerent sections, 
some from one state and some from another. As they came ihey settled in 
neighborhoods. One of these settlements was norihea>t of Edinburg and 
among their numl:)er were a few Baptists. In their new homes, rude ss tliev 
were, they longed for Gospel privileges. Hence in this little neighborhood 
the few Christians met alternately at their houses and held prayer meetings, 
until in tlie spring of 1823, when nine persons, viz. : Thomas Russell, Polly 
Russell, William Barnet. Xancy Barnet. Lewis Bishop. Elizabeth Bishop. 
Simon Sliafer and }ilerit ^iIcGuire were organized on the first day of March 
into the Missionaiy Baptist church. They held meetings until 1826, at various 
houses, then Iniih a hewed log building in the edge of Johnson county. Here 
they worshiped until 1S32 when a frame house was constructed on the same 
lot. In 1843 tin's house was destroyed Ijy fire, and the church immediately 
commenced to build a third house one mile to tiie northeast and in Shclljy 
county, at a cost of $1,200. 

Of the constituent members it may truthfully be said that they were true 
and faithful Christians. The lirst pastor was Rev. John Barnet, sustaining 
that relation until 1825. a very Godly, earnest preacher. He was succeeded 
by Rev. Samuel Harding, who served until his death in 1835. Subsequent 
pastors were; T. C. Townsarid. A. R. Hinkley, B. Reece, A. V. Titton and 
S. G. Miner, all pioneer ministers who names should not be forgotten by 
later generations. Rev. Samuel Harding was among the men sent out to found 
Franklin College, in Johnson county. He also formed the Second Mouiit 
Pleasant church. 

The next Baptist church to be organized in Shelby county was that at 
Shelbyville. Rev. Samuel Harding and Rev. D. Stogsdil were induced to 
visit the town and preach to the few Baptist families there found. It was on 
the third Sunday in October, 1826, vrhen the Baptist church was organized at 
this point. The charter members were: George Titus. William Morris, James 
Emmit. Hannah Titus. Patsy Morris, Pheebe Enimit. Sally Gatewood, Cath- 
erine \\''ingate, ]\dorning Simpson and Sally Hippcrs, making ten in all. 

adwick's history nr sm-i.iiv c( 


J his church wa> c;,lle,l ••Shdhwille- until the Iccati.'n of the clnu'ch was 
chan-cl to a point four miles to tlie ea^t an,l the name chan-ed to that of 
i.ethcl. Tt. h.v.vever. retanie.l this „anie only a sh, .-t time because of its re- 
moval to Shelhyvdle. when it to, .k the name ..f Mount l^iso-ah. Po,- about 
eig-ht yeai-s the services were held in private hnuses. hut in December iS^ 
the cliurch res Mved to buiUl a iiouse in which to wor^llip. This was a b^ 
house twenty-eio-hi by thirty-six feet in size. For seats, rude benches were 
hewed our ot 1, o-,. \\ 1,,,,. ,„^,^-,, ,^.^^ , ^,^^. j^,,,^,^, ^,^^. j^^.^ ,j^,^ ^^.j^^^ ^j^^^.^ worsliiped 
iiad the true spun ut Christianity in dicir souls. This house was used until 
1^53- when the log hou.^e was removed and a frame house erected that was 
twenty-two by thirty feet, ddiis was occupied until 1S65. ^ hen tw:. th.-u-and 
drdlars was expended for the erection of a frame building, thirtv-six bv fifiv 
feet. Ihe first pastor was Rev. Sauniel Harding and among "the fir.s't was 
Rew I). .Stogsdell. who was a verv earnest minister, and not infrequenth' walked 
sixteen miles to meet his appointments. Rev. ]. Reece served this church for 
twenty-seven years, and in 1887 it had a membership of one hundred and ten. 
At present the meml)crship is one liundred and thirtv-five. 

'ihe First Baptist church of She]b^•vil]e was ore-anized in March 18^9 
when Shelbyville hail btit five Baptists. The first serniou was ])reached by 
Re\-. John Reece in the old court-house that stood in the center of the pubh'c 
square and the services were attended by tweh'e persons. - Meetings were 
held every other two weeks and preaching had bv Reverend Reece. The con- 
stituent members of this chtirch were: \\'illian'i E. Midkiff Mar>- MidkilT 
Samuel ^lidkiff. .\gnes Midkiff. Olive Bassett. Reuben DeEoar.l Flva De- 
Board. Elizabeth T. Brown. Lydia Rodifer. Eliza R...bertson. Marv W^ach 
John Ba.sett and Katherine Bassett. For several vcars this church had a hard 
struggle for its existence as it had no church although in 1849 it had 
commenced the construction of a building of brick situated r.n Ea<t Wash- 
ington street, but the Iniilding was not finally completed until sometime in 1863. 
Then lollowed several years of steady growth, until 1876. Then the society 
decided to sell its property on East \\-ashington street and Iniild upon the 
present lots in West Broadway. This edifice was the handsomest in the citv 
costing seventeen thousand dollars, and although bravelv begun require.l mau"y 
years of tedious struggle and self-denial before it was finally completed and 
paid for. In fact this l,and of Christian workers had planned to burn th.e 
mortgage upon the fifty-fourth anniversary, wliich would h.ave been March 
25, 1902. but just six days before this date the building burned to the ground, 
leaving a crushed and discouraged people; nevertheless from the ashes' sprung 
•new zeal so enthusiastic and a spirit so couragwus that in just eighteen 
months. September 20. 1903. was dedicated the p^resent magnificent buUding, 
iTiore commodious and more beautiful tlian the burned structure. 

_ The pastors who have served this church aie as follows; Revs. TL,hn 

Recce, j. I", llrv 

:-nct. 1. 

R. riiiiiii's. ) 

1. ]., Irxvin, 1. 

i:. Sh:i 

111. W. A. Co 

il. McDowcil. 

J. ]]. 

(irott. \\-. A, 

Hultoii. J, H. 1 

)ecre ; 

in.1 O. A. C> 

M, P., 

:ircs 1. M. n, 
W. r Jully. 
\. R. Stark. 

Ti<.lale. A. S. Anio^, 
I. AI. Wlu'.ohead. C. 
L. A. Gou!.l, II. H. 

g' C' 'nditioii. ai 

lul has a mem'nersliip 

;ate.l in llciu 
y auil charter 

h'icks township, wa? 
niemhers of this so- 

'J'lie church is now in a very tl ^iirishing- 
(April. 1909) of five Iiundred and sixty-four 

'J'he Mount Gilead Dajjlist churcli. Ic 
or£,^anized [May 27. 1S30. Amonq- tlie eai 
ciety were: Alexander Miller and wife. L.evv Laingur and wife. Tin anas Mc- 
Fcrrin and wife. Mrs. Lucy Miller. Mrs. l'iide_e:raf. Among- the early min- 
isters are now recalleil the names of Rev. Samuel Harding Rev. J. Reecc. Sr.. 
and Reverend Reece. Meetings were held at private houses until 1843. when a 
log house twenty-four feet square was provided — the same was on John ^^Ic- 
Crary's land. 'I'his building was used until 1S48. when a frame house was 
erected on land belonging to Jesse Laingor. In June. 1S7J. il was voteil 10 
build in the village of Smithland and this house was dedicated a year later. 
In 1S58 a number of the members withdrew ar.d constituted th.e first member- 
ship of the church at Marietta. The church wa- soon dissolved, however, and 
its members came back t.. the mother church. Ai this dale (' 1909) the Sniiih^ 
land church h;is a membershiij oi one hundred forty-eiglu. It uses the last building. 

Brandy wine (later known as Fairland) Baptist church was organized 
July 30. 1S32. with the followir.g as first members: James V. A. Woods. 
Lewis Morgan. D. A. M. Morgaii'. \\'illiam C. C. ^.[org-an. Heniy Serber. A. 
M. [Morgan, Levi Bishop. Sarah Oldham. Xancy ?\Iorgan, Xancy OKlham, 
Nancy Hubble and Man- Bishop. The church was first located near tlie town 
of Brandywine. six miles northwest of Shelbyville. The location was changed 
in 1S59 to Fairland. From 183J to 1837 services were held from house to 
house, but in June, 1833, it was decided to build, but the edifice was not com- 
pleted ujitil 1837. Rev. William G. F.aton preached the first sernT.Mi in this 
building. The church buildiiig at Fairland Vwis built and first occui)ied in 
i860, and Rev. John Reece was the first to preach in the same. The prc'^cnt 
membership is one hundred and forty. The edifice erected in i860 still serves. 

The Second Mount Pleasant Baptist church was organized July 11, 1835. 
at a school-house in Hendricks townshi]). F'.ir two years this people worshiped 
in private houses and under the broad canojiy ..f heaven beneath the spreading 
branches of forest trees, etc., but at the end >>i that perii-fl they Inuli a liou-e 
of worship six miles northeast of Franklin, in the ci\fft: nf Johnson county. 
This was used from 1836 to 1S65, when a forty by sixty fi>ot building was 
erected, near the old site, costing four thousand four hundred thirteen dollars. 
Rev. Benjamin Reece was the first pastor and sen-ed until liis death in 1853. 
Up to 1887 there had been received into this one churcli organization eiglit 

l6o CHAPWICK's HK^TOkY OF SliELliV CO.. !.\n. 

hundrcil and fifly ])crsi~>ns. Ii now lias tliree luindrod and sixty mcnilxTs and 
worsl'.ips in tlie last named liuildinq-. 

Little Pdnc River Bajnist cluirrli was estahlishcd in I'lii^n townsliij), 
Shelby county, ab mt seven miles nnitlicast of Sb.clbyville, in March, 1S2S. 
Thomas Goldinq- and the following persons constituted the charter member- 
ship: Sarah Golding, Jane Colding. \\"illiam G. Morris, Jacob Roscl, Barbara 
Rose], John Golding, Job.n Derrickson. Elijah Cotton. Peter Dewitt, Tally 
^^'icker. Bettie Ann Wicker. Jane Clierry and Elizabeth Pirown. At first 
meetings were hold at private houses, but a church building was erected 
of logs and sen-ed well its purpose for a number of years. Subsequently 
a frame building was provided which was forty by sixty feel. Tu 18S7 this 
church had a membership of about two hundred and fifty. From this one 
Baptist church in Shelby county no less (pr.ssibly later ones) than si.\ ministers 
have been sent forth fr'.m its ranks. These arc Rev. James M. Smith. Rc\'. 
:\r. B. Phares, Rev. D. J. Huston. Rev. John Pharcs.Rev. Wi'liam Golden, 
and Rev. George W. Zike. In 1909 the meinbership of this society was cjne 
hundred and eighty-four. 

'Jdie Bai)tist cliurch at W'aldron, organized at an early day. went down 
prior to iS<S5. but was reorganized and is now a prosperous church owning 
its own 0(bfice. 

Goodwill Baptist cliurcli, of Hanover township. East E'nion, is In the 
Central Association that meets at Indianapf)!is, and data is not at haml for 
these churches. The following is concerning these societies : 

The Goodwill Baptist church was fomied in Hanover township in May, 
1S59, with the following membership: Prcdev Morris. Rebecca r\Iorris. Oliver 
Mo\Ti?. Elizabeth Merldeth, Archibald Canedy, Eliza L Rove, Thomas 
Meridcth, Delilah Talbcrt and Jesse A. Gibson. The churcii w-as formed by its 
first [lastor. Rev. John Phares. 

East Union Baptist church, of ]\Ioral township, was organized in IMarch, 
1867, bv members as follows: Lindsev and Lucinda Leonard. A. J. Jovce, H. 
R. Joyce. ^Largaret T. Joyce. Archiba'ld Mann. R. C. Mann, Letiiia Mann, B. 
P. Mann and Eliza h. ^^lann. church was located at the Center school- 
house and used the same as a meeting place for a number of years. In Sep- 
tember, 1867. Rev. J. M. Smith was made pastor of this church, spcnditig one- 
fourth of his time with them, for which he received thirty dollars per year. In 
1868 a frame building was ereced and the society grew rapidly, having in 1S86 
a meinbership of ninety persons. " 

Pleasant View Baptist church, located in the corner of Moral 
township, was organized December. 1S36. consisting of the following mem- 
bers: James Bobbett, ArchibaUl Mann, Elijah Mann, George Hume, Jacob Ba- 
ler and J. yi. Johnson. One jieculiarity concernin.g this church is the fact that 
no women were members at first, but at tlie meeting held in Januaiy, 1837, 


tlic U.ll.nving ur.iied: Susan \'ise, Eli;^al)ctli Mann. Mar-an.t BcbLctt. Elixa.- 
l.rth Grain and Mary Joyce. Rev. T. C. TMwnscnd, iheHrst pasinr. received 
the sum of ten dollar.- anil twelve cent- for his services. 

BroukheUi Baptist church, in ^hu'al t.nvnsiiip. wa> or-ani7cd March 24 
l8f^o._and Rev. J. M. Sniitl, uas clmscn lirst pastor. In 18S7 ,t is learned f n .ni 
ol.l In-tMncal accounts that this societv iiad a q,«,a l,nck edifice valued at tw.j 
th.'usand dollars. 

iM-oni the foregoino- it will he ohserved that Shelhy onuUv has had organ- 
ized more than a score of Baptist churches within her horders, includino- thr,-.e 
extinct in 1S85— Hr.pcwell. Sugar Creek, Waldron. Forks of Blue River and 

The Second I'.apti.M church uf Shell.yville (col-red) was organized au.l 
perlected as a society I-Vhruary 19. i860. There were present at tliat meeting- 
Revs. ^^•il!iam Moore. J. Recce, J. B. Shaft. M. Brayles. \V. Singleton and 
^\ dliam Xeal. William Moore officiated as the moderator. The meeti'igs 
for this purpose, as well as for the general use of the church, for the first sTx 
years in the history of the church were held in the third .storv of a hrick build- 
ing, later .u-cupicil hy Julius Joseph. When first organizerl this church iiad 
but .seven niemhers connected with it. hut m 1886 had a membership of seventy. 
A brick church was built -m Hendricks street, costing two thousand five hun 
dred dollars, and its size was thirty-three by fifty feet.^ Iniildnig wa^; defl- 
icaled in 1875, Rev. Moses Brayles delivering the sermon on that occasion. 
This brick church edifice is still doing good ^ervice for this, the onlv colored 
Baptist cluirch society within the county. 

The Separate Baptists is a branch of the Baptist denomination, holding 
some special and rather peculiar notions oh certain points, hence many years 
ago formed tliemselves into a society of their own and are known as the Pleas- 
ant \"iew church, located in Jackson township. Meetings were held at sehoo!- 
h.juses until the old Lutheran church, which .stood two miles south of Mt. 
Auburn, was purchasc.l in 1868 and moved to its present place. Rev. Martin 
Layman was the organizer oi this branch of the Eajitist church. Prominent 
among the members were Abner Connor and wife, Joel D. Scott and wife, 
John La>-man and wife. Sarah Davis, John Shauer and wife and T. French 
and wife. Li 18S7 this church numbered sixty-four communicants. This 
society with kindred branches are still in exir^tence in Jack.son township and 
perhaps no where else in this county. 

The New Lights was an early-day church in this country, but aside from 
holding a few meetings in Shefliy county (in ^Lirion township) nothing 
further developed of it here. It is claimed, in fact, that it originated with a 
icw niimls living tit one time in !Marion. 

Tlie Lutheran church was formed in Jackson tov.-nship bv a class which 
met about 18.17 or 1848 the first time. :\ieetings were held at various rcsi- 

iu_' niAinviCRs history of siiKi.nv Co.. i\ix 

dcnce? auil at tlie dislrici ?chMo]-lnu5e. Soinctiinc durin.c;- the forties, wliat is 
known as St. (.Jenrne's Lulheran church was cstahlishcd, aii<l a thirtv-six bv 
forty toot frame l)uildinjj jiroN ided in which to worship, '{"hi-; stood two miles 
soiiili of Mt. Auburn. In the .sixties a brick edifice was built at a cost of five 
thousand dollars. In 1887 there was a mcmliership of one hundred and 
twenty. This ciiurch organizalion is still in existence, but the membership is 
unknown to the v, riter. 

St. Paufs Lutheran church was organized the latter part of the sixties bv 
families including the Wertzcs. Stines. Lamberts and Xiebels. Rev. D. A. , 
Kuhn was a prominent pastor of this church. 


First Church of Christ — Scientist, had its origin at Shelbvville in ic)05, 
when eight persons of this faith met and heUl meetings in three rc'oms in the 
post-office bljck. In July, 1907, the church organization was perfected bv 
about twenty-five members. Tl;e original officers were the board consisting 
of the following persons: Ray Deprez, chairman : INIrs. Harrv Downey, vice- 
president; :\Irs. 1<. Harri^on. treasurer: Walter Randall, secretary: the oihcr 
meinlier of the bnard being ?»Irs. Daniel Deprez. 

Upon the organizati:!n of the society new quarters were secured on the 
second floor of the post-office block: a neatly planned and finel}- furnished 
chapel, with a seating capacity of about one hundred, was provided; also a 
reception and otYice room, together with a librarw The reading room is open 
every day in the week and services held Sunday and mid-week night. 

The readers li;ive been. }Larry Downey, first reader: Miss Bertha .Spcl- 
man. second reatler. These still serve, except that :\[rs. Harry Downey is act- 
ing now as second reader. ?^h-s. Downey is also the efticient librarian. The 
present chairman is Ray Deprez and the vice-president is Mrs. Daniel Deprez. 

This newly organized church has met with success and well represents 
the cause nearest the hearts of its membership. Literature and books treating 
on the faith of Christian Science are freely distributed among the people who 
read them eagerly. \\'ith this excellent reading room there can be no good 
excuse for one living in Shelbyville to live longer in ignorance of what this 
people belie\"e and teach. 


The colored people of Shelbyville and vicinity enjoyed but few religious 
privileges before 1872. The few representatives of this race who found tlieir 
way here at the cl^se of the Civil war which had set them free were indeed 
illy prepared to pay a minister or supjKirt a church organization. All efforts 
to organize a }vfethodist Episc .pal class for these people failed until the com- 


i!i- ..f KmLou \\'aikin<, t,i whom must be .Q-iveu the credit of fmnding- the 
Ai'iicau .Alethodist cliurcli of Shelbyvillc. The firsl meeting was held at Mr. 
AW-iikiiis" own liinise and tlic only resident mcmlier of the church was Frank 
Allen. An organization was pen'ected in the autumii of 1S72 and after hold- 
ing meetings in various places. AMse's hall was leased and used as a place for 
worship until the church building was completed. This was a frame struc- 
ture, erected at a cost of about two hundred and iifty dollars, which amount 
was largely contributed by the white people of the town. This church was 
within Lexington conference and among the early-dav pastors may be men- 
tioned the names of Revs. Daniel Tucker, Straws. James :\[olan. George Zeig- 
ler, Daniel Heston, Reverend Steen an.d C. Xickols. In the year 18S7 tins 
church had a membership of forty-eight and much interest Avas manifested in 
the work of the society. At the present date— 1909— the old church edifice 
.still servos the congregation which now has a membersb.ip of fiftv-.ine. It is 
the only colored .Methodist church within Shelbv county. 



l-'reLMnasoiirv was first intnuiuccd into Slu-lliy couiUy. liuliana, llirMU-h 
a dispciuation I'nun K. W. AIk'I C. Pepper. 1). G. ^L. Xuvenil)er 15, 18^4. 
The charter issued Ijeafs date of October 5. 1S25. when the lods;c received 
tlie title of Lafayette Lodge Xo. 28, leaving it diiscretionary v/iili the meinbers 
to kicate the lodge in such piart uf the county as they might deem expedient. 
Brothers: David Tracy. W". M.: Justus Fen'is, S. V,'.: Joseph Adams. J. W. 
The names of the first petitioners were: Dr. David Tracy. Justus Ferris, Jo- 
seph Adams, Percy Kitcheh and John C. Walker. At first this lodge had no 
fixed quarters, hut met at members' houses. Even for the three years that 
the lodge had to meet from place to place, it liarl a g"ood growth. man\' of the 
best citizens of Shelby county becoming members of the order during the 
time. Among the more prominent are the follov>ing : Cah'in Kinslc\'. Chan- 
dler Huntington, Erasmus Powell, Abel Cole. William Hawkins, Xathan 
Johnson, \\'illiLnn Goodrich, William Little, and jKissibly others whose names 
have been lost sight of with the passing of so many years. 

The charter was surrendered and a new charter issued under the date 
of Xo\ ember 25, 1828, constituting Erasmus J^owell, worshi[)ful master; Jo- 
siah Reed, senior warden; X'athan Johnson, junior warden, requiring the 
communications ()f the kxjge to be heid alternately at Hanover and Shelb)-- 
ville, still retaining its (jrigi'.ial name and number. Under this arrangement, 
for several }ears nitire the lodge seenied to jirosper and «'ither prominent citi- 
zens became its members, among whom may be mentioned : Austin AW ^.birris, 
Amaziah Williams. ^lathias Vanpelt. Harmon Updcgraff, Jacob Rice. Richard 
S. Cummins and William Hacker. 

At the semi-annual election there were elected on July 4, 1S35, \\'illiam 
Hacker, worshipful master; James Lisher. senior warden; Harmon Updegraff, 
junior warden; William Goodrich, treasurer; John Walker, secretary: Chan- 
dler Huntington, senior deacon: Joseph Thrasher, junior deacon, and John 
Stout, tyler. 

In consequence of having to sustain two lodges — the one at Planover 
and the other at Shell3y\illc, it S'"'On became necessaiy to dissolve and on June 
2^. 1S36, by formal reso!uti>.in the charter was surrendered to the grand lodge 
but remained in the hands .:.f Worshipful Pilaster V.'illiam Hacker, until the 
meeting of the grand lodge in 1845, when the grand lodge granted permission 
to the lodge to re-organize and resume labor. The location was permanently 
fixed at Shelby ville. The following w-ere tlie petitioners for re-organization : 

ciiADWicK s iiisTiiicv n i- .s!!i:ir.v co.. ixii. 16", 

Stephen D. Liulluw. \\"i!liani Hacker. .lnmc> K!! William \V. McCoy, 
Jac.-.b Rice. WuiKlvillc I'.n. wiling-. Jes>e .■^iiiiiii. J,,hn Al^.i-rison. Xathanicl 
Teal and Harmon I'pdc.c^-ra ff. May 26. 1852, the o-rana ]r^\ge chanL;e'i the 
title from Lafayeite Xr,. 28 u, ihai'nf .^i-.c-iln- L.^loc Xo. 2S. "^.mdcr -.vhich it 
IS still known. From record.s of it^SG it is fnund thai this lodge up to thai 
date liad furni.shed two g-rand master? of in(har.a. two hi.crli priests and two 
em.inent grand commanders. The memhi.-r::hii) in. 1887 was one hundred and 
fi fly-two. 

\\"illiam Hacker I,oilgc, I'. D.. dated January 3. 1867. was locaterl at 
the city of Shelbyville. Shclhy counn-, up. .n tlie petition of Thomas F. k'irk. 
William ^I. Pan-ish. Josepli L. Irwin. \\"illiam F. Mason, Daniel |. Shaw, 
John S. Tevis and David L. Conrey, 'Iliis lodge was rcgularlv constituted 
under charter dated ^lay jq. 1867. as Wiliiam Hacker Lodge. Xo. 360, 
Brother Jesse K. Jameson being appoir.ted worshi]jfr,l master; Williani F. 
Green, senior warden: John Messick. junicr warden. This ilicn became the 
youngest of the Masonic lodges within the Lounty. and. enj..ved a m.ember^^.ip 
of thirty-six i-.i 1871. Sulisequently this l.nlge was merged in the parent kxlgc, 
Slicll)y X'o. 28, under date of June 11. f87>;. 

The first colony that w-as sent out from this original Iddge i:i Sli.dby 
county, w-as located at Pleasant \'iew. mule;- charter .lated l^.lay Jn. iS;2, 
denominated Pleasant Lodge. Xo. 134: R. F. worsli'pful'er; 
Duncan .McDougall. senior warden and Stephen Goulf!. junior warden. This 
lodge was later transferred 10 Acton, ^^Jaricin count\-. 

Morristown Lodge. X'o. 193, Free and .Accepted Masons, was chartered 
May 27, 1856, with Abram Rec'ces, worshipful master: Wareliam \\'. Wood- 
yartl. ser.ior warden: Augustus C. Handy, junior warden. Tb.e present mem- 
bership is large and the order is prosperous. 

Sugar Creek Lodge, Xo. 279, F^ree and AccepiC.i Masons, was located 
at Boggstown, under charter dated ^lav 2-. 1862. with Tames Smclser, wor- 
shipful master; Eli Johnson, senior warden and ^Foses G. Tull, junior war- 
den. This lodge was later transferred to Fairland ; in 1SS7 'i-'"^! :i m.eniber- 
ship of forty-eight. 

The Waldnni ^^lasonic Lodge was chartered ^Lay 23. 1858. with fohn 
C. Richey, worshipful master; John Lewi^. senior warden and David W. Fo- 
sett. junior warden. At this date ( 1909) the :\Lasonic lodge of this place is 
in a very flourishing cund.itiMU. 

At Xorristown'a Masr.nic kxlge was instituted, kntw, n as Farmers' Free 
and Accepted Alasons Lotlge Xo. 147. Abav 27. 18;^. v. ith David Comber, 
worshipful master; David Fiynn. senior wardien. and Jesse ]\Ioorma!i. junior 
warden. This lodge was highly prosperous in 1886, ai:d had a niembersiiip 
of about si.xty, to which has been added mar.v more. 

i66 chadwick's historv of suiai-.v co., ixd. 

HIGHER di:gki;e masonry. 

Cruwini;- mit (if the ori.e^inal Masonic lodges \yithin Shelby d nuny have 
come up higher degrees in ihis must ancient and honorable fraternity. Shelby 
Chapter, Xo. 20. of Royal Arch :\Iasons. was organized U. D., dated April 2, 
18; I. upon the ]x'tition of \\'illiam Hacker. Fabin M. Finch. Heniy B. 
Fliil, Cyrus X. Williams. Jacob W. :Mills. John \\'. Sullivan, Samuel White, 
Daniel Shew. James Fllintt, Daniel :\Io\vrer, Joseph L. Silcox and Benjamin 
J. Irwin, companions. A\'illiam Flacker was appointed high priest. This 
chapter has never faltered during all these fifty-eight years of noble work. 
In 1909 its membership was one hundred and nineteen. Its officers at that 
date were: Robert W". Wood. M. E. H. P.: Julius L. Thomas. E. K. ; Wilbur 
W. Israel, E. S. : John Messick, treasurer; George W. F. Kirk, secretary; 
G. R. Fleming. C. of FT. : Frank Bass. P. S. ; Edmond R. ^loberly, R. A. C. ; 
Phillip E. Hoop. (i. M. 3d v.: Oliver J. Glessner. G. yi. 2d \'. ; L. Gordon 
Teal, G. M ist \'. : C. S. Fleming, sentinel. 

Shelbv Council. Xo. 3. of Royal and Select ^^lasters. was first organized 
U. D., dated August 31, 1S55, and a charter granted by the Grand Council 
of Ohio. This council participated in die organization of the grand council 
of Indiana. December 20. 1855, at which time it received its "Xo. 3" regis- 
trv of the grand council of Indiana and in 1886 numbered in membership, 
thirty-five. In April the membership was sixty. Its ofilcers at that date were : 
Julius L. ThrMHas. Thrice 111. ^1. ; Harry S.' Downey. Rt. 111. D-M. : Frank 
Bass. 111. P. C. \\".; John A. Young, treasurer; George W. F. Kirk. recor.Ier: 
Robert \\'. \\"ood, C. G. : Thomas E. Yarling, C. C. ; C. S. Fleming, steward; 
Thomas E. Xewton, sentinel. 

Baldwin Commandery. Xo. 2. Knights Templar, was first organized March 
2;. 1831, at the town of Greenslnu-g. Decatur county, under the title of 
Greensburg Commanderv", U. D. from 3.1. E. William Blackstone Hubbard, 
G. G. Master of Knights Templar of the United States, dated January 5, 
183 1. This commandery participated in the formation of the Grand Comman- 
derv of Indiana, when it received its "Xo. 2." on the registry, and continued 
to work until June 30. i860, when its members ceased to meet, and the or- 
ganization was dissolved. But upon the petition of Sir Knights Thomas Pat- 
tison. William Allen. Jacob A^'ernon, Thomas H. Lynch. Daniel Stewart, Bar- 
ton \\". Wilson, James Gavin, Putnam Ewing. Jacob \'. Berensdaii'er, Will 
C. Cumback, James Elliott. Robert Cones and John Elliott. Sir William Hacker 
as grand commander, authorized the transfer of the commandery to Shelby- 
ville, Indiana, on the i8th day of March. 1865. April 4, 1866, the comman- 
derv received a new charter and was changed to Baldwin Commandery, X'o. 
2. ]5v 1886 this commandery enjoyed a membership of sixty-two knights, 
which number has increased to ninety-six. Its present ofF.cers are: Julius L. 


Th..nias. E. C: Frank I'.as^. Gen.. Evcreit K. Stnni]). C. Gen.; Thomas E. 
Yaiiino-. S. \A'. ; Edward P. :\IobcrIv, j. W. ; Harrv S. Downev. prelate: J.'lin 
Alessick. treasurer: Georoe W. Kirk. rec(^rder: riiillip E. Hep. St. P..: 
Elliott S. Gorges, S\v. B. : Oliver Jay Glessner, warder: C. S. Fleming, sen- 

The ]iresenl ot'ticers >'■{ Shelby Podge. Xo. j8. Free and Acceiited Masons, 
at Shclbyville are as follows: Thomas E. Yarling, worshipful master: PPivry 
G. Auman. senior warden : Elmer E. Webster, junior warden : David P. Wil- 
son, secretary: Johii ^iessick. treasurer: P. Gordon Teal, senior deacon: Rub- 
ert PP >Pirdis, junior deacon; Eden PP D. Young, tylcr. 

The ]\Pasonic order in Shelb>"\'ille lias of late leased its lodge-room quar- 
ters. From 1S52 to 1S69 they owned a half interest in a building erected by 
themselves and the Pidependent Order of Odd Fellows, the three-ston,- 
brick building on the northeast corner of the public square, the one now occu- 
pied bv business and r.ther offices. This property cost in all. iive thousand 
five hundred dollars and was sold (the half interest) to the Odd Fellows in 
1S69. for about three thousand five hundred, which money the ^vtasons have 
had out on interest and had their lodge home in the Deprez building for over 
thirty years. In 1S90 they loaned this sum to the parties who erected the 
business block on South Harrison street, in which the lodge is now located, 
and of which they have a long lease. Their hall is finely furnished and w^rk 
in all degrees up to the Scottish Rite is carried on here with excellent elTect, 
Those advanced to the last named rite attend at Lidianapolis. 


The beginning of the history cf the Pidependent Order of Odd Fellowship 
in Shelby county dates back to when the fraternity wa< yet in its infancy 
and was written up by the editor of the rirgan of the society. Rev. T. G. Behar- 
rell and appeared in the April issue. 1877. of that magazine, and was the cijr- 
rect history up to, and including, 1S75, of the instituti:ig and workings of 
Slielb}- Podge Xo. 39. 

A charter was granted by virtue of dispensation from the Grand Master 
of the Grand Podge of Pidependent Order of Odd Fellows of Pidiana. Jriel 
B. McFarland, bearing date October 29, 1846, and upon the petition of the fol- 
lowing named brothers: P. G. Joseph P. Silco.x. John P. Robinson, William 
Hacker, John Cartmill, John M. Wollen, and Hiram Comstock. "Shelby 
Podge. Xo. 39" was instituteil Xovembcr 13. 1846. by P). D. G. ^P Jacob 
Chapman officiating. 

The first ■officers elected for the term nf one }ear were: John P. R'lbin- 
son, noble grand: William Hacker, vice grand; John Cartmill. rec'irding 
secretarv: bih.n ^P Wollen, treasurer. The lodge met Mondav evenings and 

l6S ciiadwk'k's insToRV or siiF.i.r.v co.. im..! 'if twelve niemlr.v.-. sume of wln'in were rcalix ■■I)ornrwe(l" from 
neiglil.iorin^q- 1' dges to helj) in the founding of the ShelbyeiUe I'ldge. Xdwitli- 
sianding the fact tliat tliis lodge was founded by sunie n\ the best men id" 
Slielbv county, it had a t-lnw growth for ab: ml I'lve year-. The men cinnecled 
therewith were not advanced in secret N)cicty matter-, indeed the order at that 
lime was but young in its bisti'.r}-. Just wliat struggles were endiu'eil b_\' 
this lodge in Shelby countv will ne\'er be fully made a rcconl. from the fact 
that on the night of Octal)er 26. 1849, '^'^^ lodge room was destroyed, together 
witli the cliarter, books of record, and \-aluable ])apers connected with the 
pioneer workings of the fraternity in this locality. Fire was the cau-e t'i this 
great irrei)arable loss to the young lodge. With the charter under which 
the lodge had worked gime. their authority was also gone. During the three 
years tlie lodge had been in cxi.'^.tence it had grown to the number of twenty- 
five good, true and honi^ralile 0(kl Fell )\vs. Steps were at once taken to secure 
a new charter. The call was responded to liy the grand ot'llcers of the >t;ne 
lodge, wdio immediately furnished a new charier, the srune being issued liy 
Right Wortb.y Grand Master Jnel B. Eldridge, of Logansport. The new cliar- 
ter contained the names of the follo^ying brothers: Joseph L. Silcox. William 
Hacker, John. Cartmill. Joseph S. Cam])be!l, Samuel R. Day, Samuel R. 
Robertson. ?ililton A. Malone. and Dwighi R. llovcy. whom the grand offi- 
cers empowered ( ^vith.out .'m_\- ceremony) to proceed to work in the good 
cause of Odd ]-'ell<:)Wship. Hence Shelby Ij.dge Xo. 39 was once more allowed 
to occupy her rank, to which she was foinierly entitled. Ha\-ing met \vitb 
this calamity, the lodge was obliged to call upon her sister lodges, and by per- 
mission of the Cirand Lodge, circulars were sent forth throughout the state of 
Indiana, stating" the l(35s aiid soliciting aid. InTesiMuse to this call many hand- 
some contributions were received, and these quite materially aided the strug- 
gling I'.iflge to get squarely uijon its feet again. 

In 1851-52. after the loss just spoken of caused by the fire in Shelhy- 
yille. in the autumn of 1849, Shelb>' Lodge X^o. 39. with Lafayette Lodge Xo. 
28, Free and Accepted Masons, formed a "Joint Hall Stock Association", the 
object being to provide a suitable hall wherein both fraternities might have a 
suitable lodge home of their own. The proposition was well can\assed by 
members of the two orders after wdiich it was decided to build such a Imild- 
ing. The plan was this: Each lodge agreed to take slock to the amomil of 
$500: the members of each of the orders obligating themselves to take such 
amounts as they felt able, which they did t<j the amount of $2,500. The 
balance needed was jirovided by me:ins of a 1 )an secured by a mortgage on the 
property, when it slmidd bo completed, to the amount of The struc- 
ture was to be built by Rrother William Hacker, who acted as a commissioner 
for both lodges, and who li_\- g.iod management succeeded in buying in the 
individual stock, and in ef|ual amounts, it was held and controlled by each 
of the lodges; and by so managing, the building was soon paid for in full. 



-f of mail) 


ered by Ri 


mil about 

1 86S 

A }oar later — • 

the neetl 

of a 

in tbe pro 


s ^^3.300. 


f ilie cum 


\ (\!(1 Fe 


When finally finished, the hall \va~ dedicated in the jirevenct 
Fellows frMHi far an.l near. The .ledicali -n a.I.!re-s was delivc 
Joseph L. Silcox. This building wa~ u<e<\ In- the two orders ui 
when the ]\Iasons became the sole occr.pants oi the building-. 
1S69 — the Masonic fraternity having gr...wn rapidly, f. .und 
more spacious hall. They tlien pn.posed to sell their interest 
to the Odd Felliwvs. 'flic .leal was made and the price fixed w:i 
investment was of course a good one. as the .niginal .. 
interests was S5.550; onedialf of which was pai.l by the Shelb_ 
order, or $_',775 : amount paid the Alasons for their interest. 8^.500: total 
amount paid f ir building and grounds. $6,275. 

Politics get into tlie lodge— great damage is done the fraternitv. In 
the eventful years of 1S54 to 1857. inclusive, when Know-Xothingisni was 
nuining raging throughout the entire counirv. politics foun.l its wav into liie 
sacred hall of Odd Fellowsh.ip. as well as other civic .societies. It .^o in\ a.led 
itself into the Shelby lodge that one time it verily seemed a.-^ if ir \\.>uld be 
wiped out of existence. Harmony and brotherly friendship, th.e element:- on 
which th.e great fraternity had ever been liased. .lid not prevail [n anv great 
extent at Shelbyville. It was brought al> .ui bv the introduction of pohtical 
mea.sures brought to the lodge-r.iiMu by discreet r.tenibers. .\n Odd Fell.wv 
who stood high in the order, as well as in the ci'mminity, was a can.lidate for 
])ublic office and here trouble began, 'fhe tran-gressor was finallv brought be- 
b^re tbe l.xlges and tlie z^'roiig brother was acquitted. The matter did not 
end there, but was appealed to tbe Grand Lo.lge an.l by it sent back for a re- 
hearing in the subonlinate 1< idge. This time the right man wa< expelled fr.nri 
the order. 

IToni 1S49 to 1S60 the membership of tliis lodge was greatly reduced and 
111 1S03 lia-l but twenty-eight members, in good standing. After the close of 
the Civil war, and wlien things had adjusted themselves .wee more, the peace- 
able movements in the cnintry, as well as harmonious acti.-in within the lodge 
itself, partisan feeling was wiped out and in ii^ stead the true principles of 
Odd Fellowship once more were duly enthroned. In 1S86 this lodge had a 
membership of 125 and was in a flourishing c mditi.m. In 1S74, in tlie 
month of August, this order instituted a Rebekah degree. 

The order has been the means of acconiiilishing much good in the com- 
munity. As early as 1875 one of the reports shows that there had been pai'l 
out for funeral benefits, S795 : thirty widows, with their families, had been 
assisted at different times to the total sum of S45G: total number of initiations. 
385; withdrawn, no; suspended, 56: deceased, twenty-four and eleven ex- 
])elled. July. 1S77. the total membership was y^. The total recei|.ts from 1846 
to 1875 were .$15,308; total res.uirces of l.idge. S9.092 ; liabilities. ."^2.133; 
total cirjihan fund at that date amounted t.i ,^:;.r/)0. Since that date t.i the 



j present lime Odd Fcllowshii) has made a wonderUil growth within Shelby 

1 county. 


; Tlie following paragraphs concerning this order liave been kindly fur- 

' ■ nished from the records b\- William A. Xeu, who has been the capable and 

; painstaking secretary and scribe of the order in \-ariou5 degrees for a long term 
j • of years : 

! In the autumn of i.'^95 Shelb}- lodge mo\'ed into new headquarters, going 

I from the east side of the pu[)lic square to tlie south >ide of Broadway, near 

■| Harri-;ni street. They had sold their old ]iroperty to George C. Morrison. 

■! and then leased the tb.ird story of the brick building, at Xo. 15 West Broadway 

! from the Dorsey heirs. The membership of the lodge at that date was one 
hundred and fu't}-. In the last rc^jms named this lodge remained for ele\-cn 
years, when they bought ground at Xos. t6 and iS \\'est BrC'adway and 

I erected a fine three-story brick building which they now occupw This cost 

• them $24,000. 

! In 1906 when the lodge moved to its new quarters th.e membersliip had 

I grown to 2JJ. having matle a gain of 127 wh.ilc in the old ro.ims. At present 

■ the total member.ship of the subordinate lodge is three hundred (300). with 

I plenty of work ahead. This lodge at Shelhyville has been on the upward move 

j in its work in the degrees as well as in the of membership. At the ses- 

j sion of the So\'ereign Grand Lodge held at Indianapolis in 1901, Shelby lodge 

j entered the contest of the Degree work, having made one entry of the Initiation 

I Degree and was awarded the first prize — a cash prize of S200. 

•; At the session of the Sovereign Grand Lodge, at Des ^Moines, Iowa. Shelby 

I Lodge made two entries in the prize contest of Degree work. First entry — 

I Initiation Degree and secand entry in Second Degree work. Shelby lodge took 

j third prize in Initiatory Degree, being a cash prize of S30, and also took 

I second prize in Second Degree work, that being- a cash, prize of Sioo. Since 

I that date the lodge has made no more entries, th.e sessions of the Sovereign 

I Lodge having been held at such great distance that it was too expensive to trans- 

j ' port a team of thirty members so far. 

\ Shelby Lodge Xo. 39. is ranked as one of the best workers in Indiana 

j and had exemplified the degrees before the Grand Lodge at various times in 

I ■ the last few years. 

■i Its present (1909) ofticcrs are: X'oble Grand. Harry L. Barlow; Vice- 

j Grand, Philip G. Hunker: Treasurer, LI. 3.1. Xeal ; Financial Secretarv. Louis 

■j Webb; Recording Secretaiy. \\'illiam A. Xeu: Trustees. Charles P. Sindlin- 

1 ger, James H. Philhpi and ?vIorton P. ^^lorris. 

i McOuiddy Rebckah Lodge was instituted April 9, iSfji and is a strong 

I auxiliary to Sh.clby Lodge, Xo. 39. Its member-hip is at present 250 ; has a fine 


Degree team aiul is al?o rankeil a? me of Uie l>cst working- loilgTS oi the 

Shelbyville Encampment Xo. 162. was iiistituted X._;\emher 15. 1885. 
and has a membersliip of 125. The Encampment is ])rosperous and harnnip.y 
and good fellow-ship exist all along the line. Strife and d.i-c.ird are If-irrc'I 
out at all tin-ies. The present officials are : 

Chief Talriarch, Oliver E. Gaines: High I'ric.^t. Charle- L. Keller: Seni^.r 
Warden. Louis Hunnehauni : Junior AWarden. Jvlward Inman: Scribe. Williani 
A. Xeu; Treasurer. .M. A. Lemmon : Trustees, J. T. Inn-ian, 'I'homas Tadlcck 
and Charles H. Theobald. 

The ]^lillilan of this order is represented here by Canton Shelby- 
ville Xo. 40 and has a memliership of about thirty-live, of whom eighteen are 
uniformed and its captain, Duney Wan Pelt, is making a great headway in tl.c 
perfection of the drill. 

Tlie subordinate lodges i:f Shelby county Odd Fellowship are as follows. 

.-Vt ?i[orristMwn, \'alley Lodge Xo. 62J. was instituted by meu-ibers of t'le 
Shelbyville, Ru>hville and Greensburg lodges, February 24. 1S87. The num- 
ber of instituters was thirtv-seven. The hrst officers were : O. F. Fitch, P. ('•.. : 
S. AW Deibert. X. G.: G. 13. Jorden. A". G. : J. M. Tyner. R. S. ; H A\'. Buck. 
P. S. ; John Sleeth. conductor and E. T. J. Jorden. D. D. G. M. In 1887 
this lodge had a membership of forty-seven. Its present n'.emb'.-r.-hip is jii. 

Waldron Lodge Xo. 197 was chartered May 20. 1858, by charter mem- 
bers: W. V. I'^rench. Greenville Wilson. William Xewlon. }»Iilton Corvir,, 
Aaron Lewis, A. G. Thompson, George Canull, J. P. Knott, J. Dccni and E. O. 
Wallace. A Rebekah Degree was formed: also an Encampment. At present 
the Waldron lodge has a membership of 104: they own their own hall. 

Blue River Lodge Xo. 554 was established at Cynthianna. Xovember 22, 
1877. bv charter members as follows: M. L., Arrass Jjnes, E. T. 
Jones. S. H. A'ager, Asa Forcythe. Smith Solomon. In 1SS7 the lodge was 
in a flourishing condition and had nine hundred dollars in its treasury. In 
their lodge roon-i at that date hung an old clock that had been faithfully mark- 
ing the hours and minutes of tlie days for over fifty years. The present mem- 
bership is 122: they own their own building. 

The Irjdge at Siuithland was tlrst instituted at :vlarietta but the Civil war 
almost broke the lodge up and later it was organized at Smithland. the date 
being early in the seventies. It is known now as Hiawatb.a Lodge Xo. 193. 
It has a present membership of 95 and owns a good building;. 

Lewis Creek Lodge Xo. 80S, located at Lewis Creek, owns a fine build- 
ing, dees good work and enjoys a membersliip of an even one hundred. 

McOuiddy Lodge Xo. 355 of the Rebekah degree furnished one of the 
guest rooms and supports it at the Odd Fellows' Home at Greensburg. This 
home is one of the finest monuments of Odd Fellowship in the state of Indl- 


ana. It ranks equal to ihe 1x-.-t in, the I'nited States. Too nnicli cannot be 
said of this threat home. 

Tlie Grand I.nilj;c liiiildini;- ni Indiana, a fourteen.-slory struccure, is tlie 
finest I. O. O. 1'. building- in the world. It cost with grounds over one mil- 
lion dollars. 


Lodge X... 43; <.t the I'.enevolent Protective Order of Fdks at Shelbyville 
was instituted under ili-pen.-aliMn fr^ni the Grand Ruler Decemljer 29. 1S98, in 
the A. O. U. W. hall, by Indianapolis lodge, with thirty charter members. It 
has grown to 178 on April i, 1909. In 1906 they moved to their own beatitiful 
hall on \\'est Broadway, between Harrison and Tomiikins streets. It is a two- 
story slructm-e. imitation of stone and is in a l>eautiful location, just ojiposite 
the new Garnegie Puliiic Library and next dnnr east of the high school building, 

Tlie present oflicers are (April 1, 1909) : Exalted Ruler, Harry Karmire; 
E.stecmed Leading Knight, Allen Green : Esteemed Loyal Knight, Earl Wilkes; 
Esteemed Lecturing Knight, C. LI. Webben : Secretary, LI. G. Montgomery; 
Treasm-er, Frank Wilson: Esquire, Lee Davis; Tyler, Harry Hall; Chaplain, 
A. L. Gutheil; Organist. E. Rembusch ; Trustees — M^ses Levinson. L R. :\Ies- 
sick and Charles Davis. 

'Jdie past Exalted Rulers are: T. C. Kennedy, J. H. Deitzer. D. A. Lev- 
inson, :\I. O. Sullivan, P. P. Pettig, Charles .Morrison, C. H. Tindall, Morris 
Drake and Thomas H. Campbell. 

It has been said of this benevolent order: "Scarcely can the cry of distress 
echo on the air, the wail of mi,->fortune, or th.e moan of despair summon as- 
sistance, ere the Elks tender the best efforts to aid and relieve, questioning 
neither cnuntr}' or creed, doctrine or belief." 


On die 23d day of September. 1SS5, tlie first lodge of the Order of 
Knights of Pythias was instituted in Shelby county. Idiis was Chillon 
Lodge, Xo. 129, of Shelbyville. The charter members of Chill<;;n Lotlge were 
the following named citizens of the city: Peter C. Akers, railway postal 
clerk: Dr. J(.hn X. Lucas, physician; Charles P. Hales, painter; Judge Ken- 
dall :\I. Hord, lawyer: Edward H. Chadwick, lawyer; Robert W. Harrison, 
lawyer; David L. ^^'ilson, lawyer: Joseph H. Akers, merchant; Robert B. 
Hale, painter ; James E. Walker, farmer ; Lester Clark, insurance agent, Tay- 
lor A\'interrowd, instirance agent; Henry l-Viday, barber; J. Edward Beggs, 
distiller: Davi<l B. WiPon; undertaker: Ernest ?vlueller, baker: George H, 
Dunn, shoe merclKint : bTank Rijth, merchant; John J. V,'ingate, newspaper 
publisher: James }^Iagill, Sheriff: Richard D. Flai>:, Initcher : John X. Wdiite- 


head. Iniildcr and o : Clirisiian Stcinhauser. jcuder; l-'redcriok W. 
Molir. hakcr. and Milum R. Scnouv. miller, a ttH:d inilial nienil)ers!iip df 

l\)Ct(ir Lucas, one of the i)i nieers of I'vthianisni in Shelln- countv. was 
an a.«sidu"ius student in literature and liistory. and to him (" l.odL;e is 
indebted for its name, for he proposed tlie name, and it was ad.>pied 1)_\' the 
young- ]odj:;-e witliout a dissenting vriice. It came ali aU in this wi-e: 

In Lake Geneva, in Switzerland, near it- eastern extremity, is an isolated 
rock that is sepru'ated from the mountains which surround the famous lake 
by a narrow sweep of waters full a hundred fathoms dee]). I'pon tins rock. 
rising- just above the surface of the water, was built in the chivalric age. near- 
ly ten centuries ago. a huge and mighty castle. V'V many years this castle 
was the home of feudal chieftains, whose dohiinion extended far and wide 
around the lake. Often within its spacious halls the banquet board was 
spread, and often tliere the chivalry and beauty of that re,gion gathered. 

And then a change came over the spirit of that time. Witli the ad- 
vancing civilization of the sixtcentli century came the Ref<^rmatinn. the 
mig-hty and far-reaching protest against the multiplied vices of establi.shed 
hierarchy. With a change in the religion came aho a change in the national 
life and policy of European peoples. 'i"he feudal s}'>tem surrendered up its 
power and dissolved away. The many old castles which dotted i'rance and 
Germany, indeed, all Trans-Alpine Europe, fell into disuse as the abodes of 
chivalry, the liMmes of beauty. They were left to decay and ruin, ny were 
transformed into dark and loathsome prisons of state. 

An incident of tlie Reformation was the cruel an<l persistent persecution 
of what the then long dominant clnu-ch was pleased to call religious heresy. 
The Inquisition, with its dreadful ordeals and tortures, was insiitirted : and in 
every nook and corner 'if Europe its spies and agents were to be found. In 
time they hunted d.nvn three brothers, brave dwellers of the snow-Iiegirted 
Alps, who had embraced the Reformer's faith, and who, because thev would 
not renounce or forsake it, were thrown into tl;e dru'k dungeons of that old 
castle whose foundations were laid deep beneath the waters of the Cienewan 

The castle of which we speak, at first a safe retreat, the home of love 
and joy. the haunt of mirth and revelry, but later the dread abode of hopeless 
pain, despair and death, was the Castle of Chillon. b'r mi the incidents which 
make up its history, and particularly from the incident of the martyrdom of 
the three Swiss brothers, their unyielding adherence to truth, their strong 
love for. their tender care of, their undying devotion to each other, even 
through the gloom an<l torture of the ilungeon : from these strong exemplili- 
cations of true manhi^od, from these sad but beautiful jiroofs of Ijrotherly 
affection, the name "Chillcm." was chosen for that lodge of \vbich we h.ave 
spoken — Chillon Lodge, the parent of I'yihian Loflges in Shelb_\' county. 


The name, so apt and fitting, conceived in the true spirit ni tlie poet, was 
given liy liim who. as the li'idjje records show, wa-^ elected tlie first c'nancelli«r 
of the lodge; a gentleman who disclaims all puciic lire, hut wlm. with a pm- 
fonnd research in medicine, tnids time as well to prnsecute wide stndies in 
liistwry. literature and science. Doctor Lucas was. therefore, th.e tir-t 
cell'ir commander if Chillon Lodge, while David L. \\'ilson. Tavlor Winter- 
rowd and Edward H. Chadwick were elected, respectively, the first vice- 
chancellor, prelate and keeper of records and seal, of the new lodge. 

Josei)h H. Aker> was elected the first master of exchequer of the Chillon 
Lodge, and he continues to this day, the only master of exchequer Chillon 
Ledge has ever had. Rarely in tlie history of secret societies do we find a 
like exemplification of faithful stewardship of lodge funds: and rareiw too. 
do we find a like appreciati m of faithful service as Chillon Lotlge has shown 
in the election, year after year, of the same faithful brother to guanl and 
conserve its lodge funds. 

George H. Dunn was elected the first master of finance, and for manv 
years he continued in that important position. He was succeeded by Lester 
Clark: and later ^Jr. Clark was succeeded by Robert W. Buxton, th.e present 
master of finance, wh.o fir many years lias served the lodge faithfully and 
well as a most eTficient collector of dites and assessments. Alilton R. Scnour 
was elected the first master at arms of the lodge. Peter C. Akers was 
elected the first past chancellor of Chillon Lodge 

Idle following members have filled the stati. n of chancell ir commander 
in Chillon Lodge, in order, from the institution of the lodge to the present 
time: Jolm X. Lucas, physician: David L. ^\'ilson. attorney; Tavlor Winter- 
rowd, insurance agent : ]\IiIton R. Sen-iur. manufacturer ; Edward EI. Chad- 
wick, lawyer: Robert W. Harrison, lawyer: John Reiver, traveling salesman: 
Robet B. Hale, painter: Dr. Charles A. Tindall : Harry L. Clark, telegrapher; 
Rev. George W. Hagans ; John G. King, factory superintendent: Frank R. 
}Iale. evangelist; George W. Kirk, insurance agent: Lester Clark, grocer; 
Edward Weakley, factory operative; Frank Bass, manufacturer: Charles F. 
King, factory operative: Charles A. Wdiite, music dealer: Lee B. Crithers, 
dry goods salesman ; Reuben F. Boger. teacher : Isaac O. Mann, grocer ; 
Robert W. Buxton, druggist : Harry C. Moore, teacher ; Elmer Bassett, law- 
yer; Oliver D. Alsman. real estate agent; Allen Green, lumber merchant: 
Thomas D. Wilson, undertaker: James S. Turner, factory emplove: Charles 
A. Pettit, furniture merchant ; Julius L. Showers, secretary Building and 
Loan Associatiim : Bert McDonald. Deputy Treasurer Shelby county ; Wil- 
liam D. Stewart, factory employe; John Day DePrez, publisher Shelby Dem- 
ocrat: C)liver Bassett. factory employe; Otto J. Ccyle. Dejiuty Clerk Shelby 
Circuit Court; Clifford W. \"anPelt. factory eniplo\-e ; Thomas O. Tucker, 
factory employe: Reinliold Rcineke, factory employe; Ovid Silverthorn. 


teacher and poft-ofTice clcik ; Kdv.anl C. Xewt^m. l>ar,k cle-vk ; .\ry H. Oldham, 
life insurance; George W. Stulihs. liank clerk: Ralph \\\ Dougla?. news- 
paper repnrler. 

Instiuuedi Sememlicr J^. 18S5. with a charter mcnihership oi twenty-five. 
Chill<.n I-Mdye has grown, in less than twcnty-liuir years, to have a inll 
memhership of five hundred fifty. 

At the very heginning Chillon Lodge ado|)tcd the system <if paying 
death henefits to the widow or dependent kin of a deceased brother, one dollar 
for each member of the lodge in good standing at the date of a inember's 
death, and following this system to the present time, Chillon Lodge has paid 
out in death benefits to the widows and dependent kin of deceased brothers 
thirteen thousand sixty-nine dollars. Chillon Lodge has pursued a liberal 
policv in the matter of sick benefits, paying out in the course of its twenty- 
four years of history for sick and disability bcncfils and nurse hire, fully four- 
teen thnusand dollars. Throughout most of its history Chillon Lodge has 
paid death benefits to a brother losing a wife by death, fifty dollars being paid 
in each such instance, and disbursements on this account have reached the total 
sum of more than sixteen hundred dollars. Li other forms of relief and 
charity. Cliillrm Lodge has paid cut of its exchequer more than one thousand 
dollar's, making the total disbursements of the lodge moneys in less than 
twenty-fotir years, nearly, or quite thirty thousand dollars in relief and chari- 
ties alone. 

Incidental to the growth of Chillon Lodge, and as an agency for the 
upbuilding of the lodge. Chillon Castle Hall .Vssociation was incorporated in 
lanuary. 1900, with a capital stock of twenty-five thousand dollars, divuled 
'into five hundred shares of fifty dollars each. Section 1, Article IL of the 
Articles of Association reads as follows: 

"The objects and purp<:)ses of this Association shall be to purchase, hold, 
use, enjov, lease, control and convey real or personal property, or both, as 
such corporation may deem necessary or proper, for the purpose of erecting, 
furnishing, maintaining and keeping in repair, a building \o be erected in the 
city of Shelbyville, Indiana, the upper floor of which shalj be constructed and 
arranged for the use and occupancy of Chillon Lodge, Xo. 129, Knights of 
Pythias, of Shelbvville, Indiana, the remainder of said building to be con- 
structed and arranged for Inisiness and office rooins and other purposes." 

Section 2, Article \"I. of the Articles of Association, reads as follows: 

"It is hereby agreed and declared that Chillon Lodge, Xo. 129, Knights 
of Pythias, of Shelbyville, Indiana, shall become the final beneficiary of this 
association, and the 'final owner of the building erected thereby." 

The incorporators in the association were Chillon Lodge, represented by 
its Trustees, John G. King. Robert \V. Buxton and Robert W. Harrison, ar.d. 
the f<-.llowing individuals: Edward H. Chadwick, Charles A. Tindall, George 


\V. I". Kirk. Klnicr P.a-ett, Josei-h II. Akcrs. Anliur J. Thurston and l.cster 
Clark, all pa<i cllanccllor^ in Cliillon Lcnl-e. except .Me-rs. Akers an.l Thurs- 
ton. Chill ui Lo(!.qc liad saved up a fund by this time of five tliousand dol- 
lars, and invested it in one hun.ired shares of the of said as.-ociatir.n. 
A large numlicr of the members of the lodge suljscrihed for stock in the 
association, and paid the same in weekly dues of twentv-five cents per week. 
The association in janua.ry. iqoo. com[)leted the purchase of a plat of oround 
in tlie s-.uthwest comer of the public scjuare in Shelbyville. si.xtv-si.K feet 
wide by one hundred nineteen feet long, at a cost of eight thou>and d.illars. 
and proceeded at once to erect a large three-story building thereon, letting 
the contract therefor immediately, at the sum of about twentv-two thousand 
dollars. This building was completed and ready for occupancv bv March i. 
1901. It is one of the best l)u-iness properties in the city of Shelbyville. 
bringing in an annual rental in excess r.f txvo thousand dc..!lars. Chiilon 
Ix)dge is the virtual owner of this property, and the association will soon be 
dissolved and the property vested legally and of record in tlie lodge. From 
rentals and lodge apprnjiriations all st:>ck has been redeemed except seven 
shares owned by the Ijriard of directors of the association, and Lodge 
is the of all otlier outstanding shares. An initial indcljtedue-~s of fully 
twenty-five thousand dollars in 1900 has been reduced to eleven thousand 
dollars in this }-ear of grace. 1909. 

Chiilon Lodge, therefore, has been and is one of the foremost institutions 
in the social, fraternal and business life of the city of Shellivville. The debt 
above referred to will be wiped out in a very few years if the p<jlicv heretofore 
followed can be adhered to. and there is no reason m believe that the pru- 
dential attairs of the lodge will lie entrusted to hands less ca])able in the fu- 
ture than in the past. In the future as well as in the past. Chiilon Lodge will 
stand a hrm bulwark of pnnecti 'u and relief to many people. 

A number of the members of Chillr;n Lodge luive sought relief from 
lingering ailments in states and sections far removed from here; and in the 
various places of their sojourning, the lodge has carried on its beneficent 
agencies through the instrumentality oi local lodges, and kindnesses, cour- 
tesies and friendships have met these afflicted brothers wherever they may 
have wandered in search of health and strength. To all the membership of 
Chiilon Lodge it is a source of gratifying contemjilation that Pythian friend- 
ship, charity and bene\olence are so widely extended, so firmly established, 
so tenderly responsive in ilie calls of distress frr.m all who suffer and from 
those who are bereft. 

This chronicle must not omit a brief mention of the several I'ythiau 
lodges, which, like brandies from the parent stem, ha\e grown up in Shelby 

iii'Lr.v CO. 

The first Kxloe. auer Chilian L 'dqo. t.. lie <n-anizocl in Slielliy county, 
was Xa\'arre L-d-e. X". 157. inslitutc.l at ^[. -.-ristown, Xovcni!)cr 8. iSSij, 
wliicli now lias a memljcrship in excc^- .<t one hinulrcil fitly. This JiMlye has 
heen hii'^bandiny- its fuiiils ami is alxuit reatly to purchase groural ani! erect 
its own l'}thian buililinj;- in ^loi risi,>\\ n. 

The second pffshoot in Shelhy county was I'ountainti.wn Lo(ls:;e, in- 
stituted at the town of I'mnUaintow n. August 23. 18S7. which now ha.s a 
niemljcrship in excess of rme hundred se\cnty-hve. p. mntaintcwn Lodge 
owns its lodge Iniilding. a commodious, welhbuiit two-story ^truClUre. 


The third branch fr 'in the parent stem was Kenton Lodge, Xm. J07, 
instituted at the village of Flat Rock, February 6. 1889. which has a meml)er- 
ship at this time of cne hundred nincty-live. Kenton Lodge owns its own 
castle hall, a large and fine appointed liaH. 


The fourth Pythian colony in Shelby county was Sulphur Hill Lodge. 
Xo. 241, instituied at the village of (deneva, February 3. i8yo, which now 
has a membership of more than one hundred eighty. This lodge has built 
and owns, free of delit. a large two--tory brick building", with the lodge hall 
and appurtenant rorans on the second floor and two business rooms on the 
first floor. < ' 


St. Paul Lodge has its own lotlge Ijuilding. a tliree-story brick, tniely 
and substantially built, standing just over the Shelby county line, in Decatur 
county, but this lodge has always been closely affiliated with the Shelby coun- 
ty lodges, and was in-tituteil largely througli the efforts and encouragement 
of Chillon lodge. Shelby county Pythians look upon St. P'aul Lodge, there- 
fore, as almost a Sh.elby county growth, and the lodge, in.deed. has a large 
portion of its membership in Shelby county, which membership now is right 
at one hundred twenty-five. 


Though just over the line in Hanojck county, dii- lodge was instituted 
April 9, 1889. and now has a membership of about one hundred twenty. It 

1/8 ciiAimicK's HISTORY OF siiKi.r.v CO., ixn. 

was instiuuol by I'ciunlaintown Lo.lqe. and nia_\- jn-ily be ])!ac<.d in llie galaxy 
of ihc Pyihiaii lodges of Shelby ccunly. Ii is mnnbered J 15. 


\\"aldn>n I.ridgc was instituted in the pleasant village of W'aldreui. Au- 
gust I'). iS()5. and has grown now to have a mcml)ersliip of about scventv- 
five. It has recently built for it-elf one of the finest brick structures in Wal- 
dron. two stories, in the first of which are two large, fincl}" appointed lousiness 
rooms: and on the second lloor are the castle hall and af)punenant rooms. 

iiKAXDVwiXE Lorii;;E, xo. 425. 

Brandywinc L'"idge \\as instituted in the town of Fairland. Xo\-cmber 
iS, 1895. and now has a membership oi fully one hundred twenty-tn-e. It 
owns its own castle hall, \\ith the api)unenant rotmis, and has a commodious 
and finely a])pointed home. 


r^loral Lodge, Xo. 466, was instituted in the village of London, No- 
vember 2S, 1898. and now has a membership of .about se\'enty. 


jNLarietta L^dge, Xo. 467, ^\as instituted in the village of ^Larietta. Jan- 
uary 13, 1899, and PiOw has a membership of on.e hundred forty-tr\c. This 
lodge owns its own ca^tle hall building, with business rooms on the first fioor 
and commodious room? on the second fioor for the castle hall and reception 
an.d property rooms. 


Blue Ridge Lod,ge, Xo. 173. was instituted in the village of Cynthiana, 
AugT-ist 10, 1899. Tins lodge owns its own property, a two-story frame 
building, ha\-ing a good business room below and the lodge rooms, proper, on 
the second floor. It is a prosperous, substantial lodge, with a present mem- 
bership of sixty. 

Pythianism has grown, therefore, from the charter memljership of Chil- 
lon Lodge of twenty-five, on September 23, 18S5, to a membership of more 
than one thousand eight hundred, in this year of grace 1909, in Shelby county. 
The Pytliian Order is by far the largest in numbers and the strongest in finan- 
cial standing of all the secret societies in Shell )\- county. Tlie men v,ho ci'>m- 
pose this large mcmliership are good men and true, numbering mrmy leaders 
in tlie social, church and busine-s life of e\-er\- coinmunil',- in Shellw countv. 



CliilK.n Lod.^c has supplied two men to prominent place in the Crand 
Lodge ol Knio-hts of JVthias of In.liana. Dr. Charles A. Tindall attained 
the exalted station of Grand Chancellor of the Grand Domain of Indiana 
at the Oct. her session of the Grar.d L-.dge. 1902. an.] filled this station with 
pre-eminent credit and success for one vcar. 

Edward H. Chadwick was appointed a tnember of the Grand 'J'ribunal, 
the highest legal tribunal in the Grand Domain, in June, iS>)S. He resigned 
from this position in October, 1902. to accept the position of Grand Instritctor 
in the administration of Grand Chancellor Tindall; and in October, 1003, was 
re-appointed to a place in the Grand Tribunal, for the' term of five years, 
which expired in June, 1909, making his term of service in the Grand Tribunal 
nearly ten years. His decisions are marked by the judicial spirit, and exhibit 
very full and careful consideration in the preparation thereof. 

Dr. Charles A, Tindall is now one of the five representatives from th.e 
Grand Lodge of hidiana to the Supreme Lodge, Knights of Pvthias ...f the 
\\'orld. and his official title novr is "Supreme "Represenlative Tindall." 

Chillon Lodge lias had, in its history, thirty-nine deaths in its member- 
ship: two in 1S90, three in 1S9J, one in 1894, two in 1895, two in 1896, 
three in 1897, two in 1898, two in 1899, four in 1901, one in 1902, three in 
1903, one in 1904, two in 1905, three in 1906, two in 1907. five in 1908, 
and one in 1909. 



iDy RMl,ert W". llarrisMn.) 

The r.encli and Bar of Slielby C(Uimy have a prou.l recM-I .,1 achievement 
and their history is of more than ordinary interc^t. The mil ctMilain? the 
names of distinguished statesmen, jurists, authors and lawvers, who ha\-e won 
both state and nati.. rial fame. 

The Shelby Cuunty liar for al.iilily and inie-rity lias alwavs si.jod hi-h 
in the estimation of the bar of the state. This bar has the reputation of sticl<- 
ing closely to foi-ms of practice, and making hard fights on close points of law, 
which is often a surprise to lawyers from other counties, who ha\e been ac- 
customed to loose practice. 

The stres.-. of the prufe.ssion of the law is very great. On the bench or 
m the ranks the law is an absorbing pursuit, and is characterized by >itu:iti.ins 
that engage the whole man. The relations of lawyers to each other is ]>ni- 
fessionally that of opponents. They stand against each r.tlier : th-v cuniend : 
and yet it is creditable in the intluence .:f the study aud /.f the lav.' 
that these o intentions d.. not reach the heart <,r l)ecime a part of the life. 
There is, perhaps, no one of the learned professi.Mis more characterized bv 
liberality and kindliness uf thought among its members than the profession 
of the law. 

The attorneys and jiulges of this community have always taken a con- 
spicuous part in moulding ]iublic opinion. Their business bi'ings them con- 
stantly in the "limeliglil." Their forum is the whole community, while other 
professions rux cr>ntined to a small porti.r.i of the entire ne.:.ple. Therefore 
the bench and bar wield, perhaps, a greater intiuence over the life and destiny 
of the community as a whole than any other class of men. 

In the first organizati(.n of the courts of the state we had three cir- 
cuits in Iniliana where courts were held. In 1S43 ^hc number of circuits had 
increased to twelve. 

The first courts were difl'erenti}- organized from what they are now. 
Then one ju'lge. who was '•learned" in the law was elected by the' Legislature 
for several counties called a circuit, as the circuit or president judge, and in 
cash county there were two associate judges electeil l)v the voters of the countv. 


: as- 





r (.1 



n i]: 



.1' il 

ic pi 


t iu. 


C1IAI1\\ICK S inSTORV OF Slin.llV Cli., IXI). ]8l 

wlio occu|iied the hvv,c]\ with llic presidiiic iud.i,' 
ab'jut the <anie qiialihcalii'iis as tlu' ordinai-y ji 
their decisions wci'c usi'.alK- in liarninnv v.nli ili: 

Tliosc were tlic da_\ s wlien the judj^^-- and ia\v\ers •■rndo ilic circuit" on 
horseback, and it was not an uncommon thin.ij lor the early judges and lawyers 
of this county to start out on horseback ten- Xaslivillc in Brown counly. or 
Brookville. in Franklin county, to attend the courts, which were at that time 
in this judicial circuit. 

The first se.-sion vi the Shelby Circuit Court began on the loth day of Oc- 
tober, 1S22. at the home ut David Fisher in the town of }*Jarion. The presi- 
dent judge, the Hon. William W. Wicks, was not present at this first .-ession. 
and the as.sociate judges. J"hn Sleeth. and A\'illiam Goodrich, pre-idci. 

The court met at three different lv>u-e> during this first se-sion. first at 
the house of David Fisher, then at the Imuse of John Summers, and finrdly 
at the house of Hiram Alldredge. The last place of meeting wa-i in the town 
of Shelby\il]e. where the comi has e\'er since remained. 

There was very little l)usiness transacted at the first session of the Sheliw 
Circuit Court, en account of the absence of the presiding Judge. Hiram M. 
Cnrr_\' was aiiiminted Pro>ccuting Attorney, and the following named persons 
constituted the first Grand Jury: Willis Law. George Goodrich. John Kennedy. 
Benjamin Raster, ibises Blood. George Cntsinger. James Gregory. Jesse 
Beard. Abel Cole. Henry Shearer, Zadock Plumuier and Zach.ariah Cullins. 
Indictments were found William Welch and John Greer, for assault 
and batter}-. Proceedings were commenced at t'lis term tci declare James ^^ il- 
son a person of unsriund mind. "L'ptiri a \eri!ict of insanity by the jucry. the 
ct)urt appointed Ji>hr,. Jame^ and Franci- Walker, his guardians. 

The following court seal was ad'^ipted : "Twenly-fi\e cent- in silver is 
stamped on a white piece of paper, notched around the edges, v. ith scaling wax 

.-Vbel Summers was granted a tavern license for one }'ear f(.>r keeping 
tavern and selling si)iritui)us liquors upcn the payment of ten dollars. 

The following allowances were made: 

Each Grand Juror seventy-five cents per day. 

The Associate Judges six dollars for tlieir total sen-ices. 

Hiiam Alldredge and Sevier Lewis were allowed fifteen dollars for extra 
services in criminal causes for the year. 

So ended the first session of the Shelby Circuit Court. 

The second term of the Shelby Circuit Court began on the ist day of 
]\Iav. 1823; at the house of Hiram Alldredge. in Shelb\\ille. At thi-; time the 
Hon. William W. Wick< appe,-n-edi as prcM-.lent or PreMding Judge of the 
fifth judici;d circuit, and of the Shelby Circuit Court. On lii> comnn-,->ion was 
indorsed his >--i\[h of office, to the effect thai he w<,uld faithfully di-^cbarge the 
duties of his office: th;it he liad riot since the i-t <h\- of |;inuar\. iSkj. either 



directly or indirectly sivcn or accc])te(l. r<v knowliicily c:\rrie'l a challen-e 
to any person or pers.:.ns to fiqiit in sin-ie with any clea,lly weapMn. 
either in or out of the state of Ir.diana, and that he will not'do so during the 
continuance of his term of office. 

The rig-ht to appeal to private combat was fornierlv a part of the statute 
law of England's colonies in America, and remained so until the independence 
of our Rei>ublic. and was on tlie statute lj<^oks of England until iSi8. \\hile 
it was not intended under the law that deadly weajjons should be used in these 
combats, objection was seldom made to stretching- the law io suit anv emer- 
gency. Strange as it may seem the judges and lawyers themsel\-es were the 
last to abandon this manner of settling disputes. ^Miile they were willing- 
to try ca.ves for their clients under the new order of things, difficulties among- 
themselves were for many years settled by resort to the duel. Pistol practice 
was then an essential part of a lawyer's education. Hundreds of brilliant 
young lawyers who went South and \\"est to try their fortunes were challenged 
by the best shots of the local bar. who wanted to remove the dang-erous com- 
petition of their new rivals : and many of tliem fell before the bullets of trained 

So it became necessary to pass a law to restrain lawyers from dueling-; 
said law making any person who sent, accepted, or knowingly carried a 
challenge to fight a duel ineligible to hold the office of judge. 

In the early history of the county two terms of court each vear were suffi- 
cient in which to dispose of die legal business that came up for the determina- 
tion of the court. These terms were held in ^^lay and October. 

The first civil case that appears upon the docket of the Shelf/y Circuit 
Court was entitled : "Thomas Lawrence. John V. Lawrence and Thomas G. 
Casey, partners, etc., vs. Abel Cole and Moses Elood, partners, etc." The ac- 
tion was in assumpsit, a style of proceeding that has disappeared bv that name 
under the code practice of the new constitution. At the October temi, i8_'3, 
the Grand Jury returned three indictments against Jnhn Greer for larcenv. On 
one of these he w-as tried by a jury and found guilty. He was fined seventeen 
dollars and sentenced to one year at hard labijr in the State Prison at Jeffer- 
sonville. This was the first jury trial in this court, and the first judgment 
imposing confinement in the State Prison. 

The first petit jury was composed of the following named citizens: Ben- 
jamin Applcgate, David Brown, .William Cotton, William Ilcfthn, John An- 
drews, Jeremiah Campbell, Joseph Hewitt, Eber Lucas, Adam Rhoads. James 
Davidson, Arthur }*Iajor and Henry Gatewood. A new seal was adopted at 
this temi as follows: "Around the edge, 'Shelby County Seal, Lidiana,' in the 
center 'and eagle perclied upon a lion.' " This seal was emblematic of the 
triumph of the American eagle over the British lion. 

The attorneys and judges who "rode the circuit" generallv stopped at 

ciiadwick's }iistokv or siin.iiv co., ixn. 183 

the same house, hotel or tavern, as tlie case niii^iit be. and tlie evenings were 
g'eneraUy spent in playing- cards and telling stinies, and the term of court gen- 
erally wound up witli a drinking bout. 

Some of the tirst sessions of the dmrt of Shelby County were held in a 
tavern, wliich led a local wag- to remark as fullnws: "I practice law at two bars 
at the same time, but on account of the limited cuurt business the time my 
face is turned toward the Ijar of inspiration far exceeds the time I face the 
bar of reparation." This place of hokling court led the President Judge to 
deliver some severe criticism on a portion of the Clerk's record. Among- other 
things, he said : "The records in the order-books have been as well kept as 
could be expected, considering the manner the sessions of court have holdcn, 
surrounded by noise and confusion in the bar roomi of a tavern." 

In ^Nlarch, 1S25 Hon. Bethuel V. Morris assumed the duties of President 
Judge of the Fifth Circuit. 

Judge Morris was succeeded tiy Judge Wick in 1S35. and the latter by 
James ]\Iorrison, in August, 1839. These, of course, were President Judges. 

At the Februarv tenn, 1S43. Hon. William J. Peaslee assun-ied the duties 
of President Judge of the Fifth Judicial Circuit. His associates on the Ijencli 
were Ira Cailey an.d Thomas Cotton. 


At this point it will probably be well to take a retrospective view of the 
early judges who presided in the Shelby Circuit Court, as the new constitu- 
tion marks a new era in die judicial affairs of Indiana. 

We n-iust ren-iember in this connection that experience teaches us all that 
a profound knowledge of the law is not an absolute and only refjuisite to the 
making of a good Judge. A Judge on the bjcncli must ha\-e a judicial tempera- 
ment and a well balanced mind. A Judge ma}- be a sound reasoner, erudite 
scholar, and thoroughly versed in the law, yet prove a failure; v^hile another 
not so well educated in the law would execute the functions of his office in such 
a manner as to give general satisfaction, and be pronounced by the public a 
first class Judge. 

\\'illiam W. Wick, who was the first President Judge of the Circuit. 
which included Shelby county, was for many years a resident of Indianapolis. 
Few men w-ere better adapted to the impartial administering of justice than 
Judge Wick. \\'hile he was practically a self-educated man, his mind was 
w-ell stored with the principles of law, and he possessed the faculty of apply- 
ing the law to any combination of facts, no matter how intricate, with ahmost 
unerring accuracy. His intellect was of the highest order, and this combined 
with the unusually fine physique which he possessed, made him a man of irre- 
sistable qualities. During his time he was regarded as one of the leading men 

184 Cll \[)V,ICK's HISTdkV OF SHI'.LI:Y td.. INT.. 

of tlie Slate. I'cv a time lie was p isinia-ter ..f In.'.ianapoli-. Late in lite he 
moved to iM-anklin lu make his home with a da.u^htcr. wh.ere l;is death oc- 

The next Jud!:;e was ISethnel F. ^vlorris. whu was also a resilient of Iii- 
diaiia])oIis. AliliMnyli HMt CMHsidered quite so able a man a.- his jjredecessor, 
he is remembered as one ;if superior ability, and an ornament to the bench. 

Hon. Jame.s Mnrrisdn hrst assumed the duties of Judge in the Shclbv Cir- 
cuit Court at the Aui^-ust term, 1S39. Like hi> predecessors, he too dived in 
Indianajjolis. wliere he took high rank as Judge, ol'tice ImMer. business man 
and citizen. He was an accomplished gentleman, an able lawver, and an excel- 
lent Judge. He was Attorney General of the state from 1855 10 1857. For 
a consideral)le time he is said to have Ix-cn presid.enl of the old State Bank, 
which was one of the best conducted institutions of its kind in the United 
States in its day. 

\Mien in February. 1843. William J. Peaslee becaiue 1 'resident Judge. 
Shelby county, for the first time, was honoreil with the residence of its highest 
judicial oflker. At that time he had been jiracticing at this bar for a period 
of ten }-ears. during which time he was a cnstant resident of Sheib^■ville. Fie 
was an able and successful lawyer and had acquired an extensive practice for 
that day, and that too. in opposition to the more weighty and successful practi- 
tioners from Indianapolis and other points, wlm "rode the circuit. "' judge 
Peaslee remained upon the lieuch until 1S50. During his term the businc-s 
of the courts of this county rapidly increased, and from the two terms a vcar 
the number was increased to f'fur. .\s a judicial oft'icer he was \vA above the 
average. His luind was ^lf that active kind that nearly always took a iiositiou 
on every question at the first statement of it. Li cimsequence of this his de- 
cisions were often partial without any intention on his part that lliev should be 

He was a man of strong convictions and his ideas were freely and public- 
ly expressed. 'Jiie natural bias of his mind coiitril)uted to make him a 
better advocate than Judge. 

He was a fine Latin scholar, and took great pleasure in quoting to the 
members of the bar the many Latin legal phrases with which he was familiar. 
He was kind ami considerate of the interests of the young members of the 
bar. and many a struggling young lawyer received geiierou> assistance from 
his hands. The father of the writer of this sketch stu<lied law in his office, and 
the writer has in his possession a set of Llackstone's Commentaries and several 
otiier law IkoIcs that were presented to the father of the writer by Judge 

After retiring from the liench Judge Peaslee again resutued the practice 
of the law and continued tlie ]iractice for se\eral vears. He later t<.)ok up his 
residence at aiiotlicr place, but later in life he returned to the scene of his eariv 

CHADwicK s iiisTokv ov siir.i.r.v en., i.vii. j,S5 

suce'c><cs. 'riic tliir.l tciiii nf Jud.-o Wi^k in this fuiiUv ir.iiuo li;Mi-iv ~uc- 
reudol that of Jucl-v IVa-loe. " 'I'lu re wns cnn.->i<KTaMe talk at tliN linio nf 
electiiii;- Thi.tiias A. Min.lricks tr. the plaie in this circnit. in facl. Jmlqe James 
M. Sleelli. who was tlieii a nicniher r.{ the I.c.i^i-l.unre tn>ni ihis counly. 
pressed tlie ckaims ui llench-icks l)efnre the Le.^islatiire. v.hicli at that time 
elected llie Circuit Jttdiies. But ludge \\ ick was too well and favorably known 
to be easily defeated. His abilities, too. in tliat direction liad been tested,, wliile 
there was i)r(il)ably -,,nie hesitancy in tryinp; the somewhat ynuihfnl attorney. 
Judge Wick remained u]>on the bench until the ratification of the new con>titu- 


The C('nrts rif Indiana recei\-ed radical changes under the new ci;'n-;itnti'''n. 
which went into effect in 1853. 

Plitherto the old common law metliodis had been in v igue Inn under the 
new order of things the practice was much simplified and n'.any of the long 
and tedicus forms were done awav with. 

'J'henceforth all actions were to be prosecuted and defended in the name? 
of the real parties. Th.e famous mythical jicrs-mages. John Doe and Richard 
Roe. were fore\er banished from the courts of Indiana. These were the fic- 
titious plaintiits and defendants that were used in all action? to recover the pos- 
session of real property. These changes brought about much opposition from 
some of tlie older members of the bar throughout the state, 'fhey had studied 
the common law for years, until they liad become imbued with its ])rinciples, 
and to thus h^\e their ideals of the beauty and s_\-mmetry of the law shattered 
was too much for them, and many never became reccmciled to the change, wh.ile 
some e\'en went so far as to abanrlon the jiractice altogether. 

'J"he office of Ass, ,ciate Judge was abolished, and the associate judges 
folded awa_\- their ermine and took their final leave of the Indiana coinls. leav- 
ing the task of supporting the scales of justice to a single Judge. 

The first term of court umler the new constitution held in Shelby C'.iuntx- 
began in April. 1N53. with William M. McCarty as Judge. Mr. McCarty 
was a resident of Brookville. in I'-ranklin county. His al)i!;ty as a Judge can 
hardly be estimated, as he held the office in this county but a short time — ies? 
than a year. As an advocate he sustained the reputation of being a good one, 
but it is not e\er_\" go( d ad\ocate that makes a good Judge. 

Reuben D. Lijgan became the successor of Jtidge McCarty in this county 
at the October term. 1853. His home was at Rusliville. where he had earned 
the reptuation of being a good ])ractitioner. It was Judge L'^igan ui^on whom 
really fell the task of reor.gam'zin.g the court- in thi< district, according to the 
code practice which went into effect on the 9th diiy of May. 1.853. '1 his was a 
matter of some difficnlt\. The old sivle of pleading wa- whra had been 


learned liy all the lawyer-, and it was n.u an easy tln'ni;- them to immediately 
aeeommodate themselves ht the new coralilions. Jiid,L;e Li',i;an was not a man 
of more than ordinary ability, yet the fact that he continued to preside in this 
court uritil 1806. is strong evidence of liis having been a man of much force 
of character. Ilis was the longest term ever held by a Judge in Shelby county. 

Jeremiah M. Wilson was the seventh Judge d the Shelby Circuit Cr.urt. 
His first term in this county began in April. 1S66. At thai lime be lived in 
Connersville. Probably in Judge \\'iIson Shelby county had the ablest Judge 
that ever sat upon her bench. He was exceedingly kind and courteous to 
both attorneys and litigants, and in those qualities which go to make a man 
])oi)ular he was unexcelled. His knowledge of the law was pnifr.iund, and his 
faculty for applying it to any given case, no matter how perplexing. C'>n- 
tributed to make him one of the ablest judges of the state. Judge Wilson after- 
wards located at Washington, D. C. and become one uf the most eminent law- 
yers in the I'nited States. 

Samuel ]'. Oyler, who succeeded Judge Wilson, and win was his oppo- 
site in almo^t every particular, held his llrst term in this county, in Octolier, 
1869. He possessed a rough exterior, and was gruff in his manners. He bad 
fair ability as a lawyer and his decisions were, in the main, correct and fair. 
He died at his home in Franklin a few years ago. 

David B. Banta was tlie next Judge upon this bench and began his duties 
here in October, 1870. He, too. was a citizen of Johnson crunity and resided 
in Franklin. As a Judge, he was well liked by the meml.K'rs oi the bar, and 
his decisions v, ere fully up to the standard of the circuit judges. He was a 
good edvocate and a forcible speaker. 

Kendall M. Hord, the second citizen of Shelby county to c>ccup}" the 
circuit bench, served as Circuit Judge two full tenns. from 1S76 to 1888. 
Judge H<nrd, who is still living in Shelliyville, and practicing law, has many 
qualities that especially fitted him for the bench. His quick discernment and 
judicial temperament caused his decisions in the main to stand the test well 
in the higher courts, although they were often rendered on the spur of the 
moment and without that careful investigation of the authorities and due de- 
liberation given by other judges. 

Judge Hord was fearless on the bench and expedited the business of th.e 
court in such a manner that upon his retirement from the bench he left a 
record as a good Judge. 

Leonard J. Hackney, who succeeded Judge Hord on the bench, was also 
a citizen of Shelby county. Judge Hackney was a young man of rare ability 
as a lawyer, and his election to the bench opened to him great opportunities 
as a jurist. While he was inexperienced on the bench, at the start he rapidly 
came forward as a Judge whose decisions were respected by the lawyers and 
the general public. 


While on the Cireuit Kendi he \v;i> well liked l)y the nienil>ers oi" the har. 
and it was due to the etTorts of the meniliers nf the Shelhv ecuntv har that 
he was placed on the Democratic ticket (when a vacancy had occurred hy 
deatli) for Supreme Judge, to whiclt ciflice he was elected in tlie fall ni iSiu. 
His career on the Supreme Bench of the state was marked by many able de- 
cisions. Some o\ them, however, taking- a wide departure from former decisions 
of tliat Cciurt. In the main liis decisions were regarded as fine expositions of 
the law. but some of his later decisions have been severely criticised. Mr. 
Hackney is nmv General Counsel of the Big- Fi.nir Railway Compan_\-, and re- 
sides in Cincinnati. 

The election of Judge Hackney t') the Supreme bench created a vacancy 
in the judgeshi]) of the Shelb_\- Circrii Com't. Governor Chase, who had suc- 
ceeded to the oftice of Governor upon the death of Governor Hovey, appointed 
William A. Johnson, of Johnson county, to nil out the unexpired term of Judge 
Hackney on the Circuit bench. 

Judge Johnson assumed the duties of his office at the Decenilier term, 
1S92, and wdiile probal/iy he was not as well qualifier 1 f(ir the high oflice a.s 
some of the gentlemen of the long rol'e who had preceded him, he was, never- 
theless, careful and painstaking, and he showed marked courtesy tn the mem- 
bers of the bar. His decisions were fair and impartial, and on his departure 
from the bench a bar meeting of the lawyers of Shelley county was held in 
his honor, 

W. J. Buckingham, the successor of Judge Johnson, also hailed from 
Johnson county, making the fourth and last Circuit Judge from Johnson coun- 
ty, as the district was soon afterwards changed, making Shelby and Rush 
counties a circuit. 

Judge Euckir.gham was a splendid type of ph}'sical manhood, with affable 
manners, which gave him the appearance of a typical judge. He gave due 
consideration to all court matters. He was a fair advocate and a good judge 
of the law. and while he was sometimes accused of being partial to certain at- 
torneys, the majority of the attorneys found him to be fair in all his dealings 
and decisions. After his term was out in Slielby and Johnsrju counties he was 
elected Judge of the new district of Johnson and Brown counties. He is still 
li\ing in Franklin and is now practicing law. 

Douglas ^lorris, of Rush county, became Judge of the district composed 
of Shelbv and Rush crmnties, by reason of the change in the circuit. He was 
elected in the district composed of Rush and Decatur counties, but the Legis- 
lature having placed Rush and Shelby together. Judge ^Morris became our 
Judge. Judge Alorris was a fine lawyer in civil cases, but h.e had no experi- 
ence at the time of goin.g on the bencli in criminal ])n. cedure, but he soon ac- 
quired the reputation of a careful and pain-taking Judge, He gave an unusual 
amount of time to l.joking un autlnarities, in ai! matters that before him. 


He wa^- iiulu-trirais and i'. hard worker, and often hnnicd the "im^hiii^lit oil"' 
in his eflVnts to niete out ju>iice witli an impartial hand. 

lie linall}" became \ery active in pnliiic.s in drder to retain hi.-; seat on the 
bench. His persistent political activity and the aid and assistance he gave the 
oppLincnts of the separate c^un liill for Shelbv c 'unty. and his successful appeal 
to Governor Liurbin t.> veto the bill, was disliked by'his -Shelby county friends. 
Judge ^b^rris is now jiracticing law in Rushville. 

Will M. Sparks, nf Rush comity, cur present Judge, succeeded Judge 
]\birris on the bench of this county. Judge Si)arks is probably the yiungc^t 
man who ever occupied the bench in this circuit. He has given eminent satis- 
faction as a Judge so far, and his future either as a Judge or a lawyer looks 
bright. He is probal)ly the quickest and mo.-t alert Judge we ever had to 
expedite the business of the court. 

C0MM(iX Pi.i:.\s COl'I^T. 

At its estal.)lishmcnt under the new constitiuion the Court of Ciimmon 
Pleas was given exclusive jtu-isdiction in probate nia.tters. and the old p'-oliate 
cotn-ts were abolished. It liad the jurisdiction of all that class of C'ffenses which 
did not amr.unt to a felony, except th.ose over which Justices of the Peace had 
exclusive jurisdiction. This Ciuu't also had concurrent jurisdiction with the 
Circuit Court in a certain class of civil cases. The Judge was ex-officio Judfje 
of the Court of Conciliation. Xo attorney was allowed to aiijiear for his 
client before the Court of Conciliation. The first term of the Common I'leas 
Court in Shelby cotinty began on Mondav-, the ^<\ of January. 1853. Hon. 
James M. Sleeth was Judge. The first act of the court was to adojit a seal. 
The order read as follows: 'Tt is ordered, adjudged and decreed by the court 
that the, seal of this court shall be a circle of one and five-eighths inches in 
diameter, with the \\'ords engraxed ■•n the margin: 'Shelby Ci:iunty Coiu't of 
Common Pleas, Indiana.' \\ ith a device of the Goddess of Liberty and thirteen 
stars enclrisefl in the center." 

Judge Sleeth was a citizen of Shelbyville. He had been a member of 
both the Senate and Lower House of our State Legislature. George A. Bus- 
kirk, of ^Nb'inroe county, succeeded to the Common Pleas bench at the Abarch 
term. 1861. 

Oliver J. Glessner. of Shelby county, succeede.l Judge P.uMo'rk in ^Larch. 
1S65. (See Memorial on Judge Glessner at the end of thi-- sketch.) 

Thomas W. \\'oolen, of Franklin, afterwards Attorney General of the 
State, was next elected to the Common I'leas Pench. IPs first term in the 
county was in Xovember, iSAS. 

Richard L. Coffey, ■i Prown count)', was the fifth and la-i of the Com- 
mon Pleas Judges in tin- county. He began here in Xuvenib.M, 1870. and 
remained upon die bench until the court was ali'.ili>hed. in iNr;. 

CUAIIW ICK-S Hl.-^TMkV uV SHI l.l'.V i,ii., 1X1). 189 


William W". \\'ick iSjj to i8j6 

P.. ]•'. M. i.-ns ,SjC, t.j iS',:; 

W'lliiani W. Wick : ,S.^,; to iN~v"; 

Janu's ,Morr;< n i^'^V.') t^' I^^4^ 

William I. IVa^ce • iS]\ to iS;o 

Wiiliam W. Wick ]S;o to 183.:; 

W'illiam M. Mcl'arty April, 1853. ic C), 185;, 

Ivcuben I), Lot^an 18^:; to i8('i:; 

Jeremiah ^i. W'ibon 18(13 to 1N08 

S. P. Oyler i8('.8 i,, 1870 

D. ]). I'.anta ' 1870 to j87r, 

K. M. 1 lijnl i87r> to i88S 

L. J. llacknev iR88 to i8<,j 

William A. Juhn?.m 180J t,, 1804 

W. J. i8.;| to looo 

Douglas Morris igoo to igoG 

Will ^[. Sparks tc)o6 to present 


John Sleeth and William Goodrich i8j_' trj i8_hj 

John Sleeth and Jo^cMh Dawson l82(; to 1836 

John Sleeth and A. Williams 1X36 in 1843 

Ira Bailey and Tlmmas Cotton T843 tij 1830 

David Thatcher and Caville Pierce 1830 to 1833 

Otheeab;)!i-hed in 1833. 


Krasmu> Powell 1822 to 1S36 

Jacob Kcnnerlv 7836 to 1843 

'William H. Sleeth 1843 to 1830 

Cyrus Wright 1830 to 1833 


James M. Sleeth 1833 to 1S61 

George A. Buskirk i8(Yi to 1863 

O. J. Glessncr i8r,3 to 186.) 

Riclianl L. CotTey 1809 to 1873 


THE )',.\R OF ?iii:i.nv CUl-.VTV. 

The first motion in the- ShcH^y Circnit Court was made liy Ilirani M. 
Curry, asking- that he. with Charles ]1. Test. Calvin Fleteher. James Dulany 
and Jolm A. F.raekcnridL^e. he admitted to practice as attorney^ and counsel- 
lors at law in tliis court. The record says: On producing- their licenses from 
tinder the hand- of two of the President judj^es of the state of Indiana, per- 
mitting them to ]iractice in all the Circuit and Inferior cmuvIs of the state, 
and after being <hily swurn t<i support the C^nstituiion of tlie United States 
and the state of Indiana, and to demean themselves as attorneys and counsel- 
lors at law to the best r>f their understanding- while pi-acticing in this court, 
thereupon are admitted to practice as attorneys and counsellors at law in this 
court. At the second term of eourt James Raridan, Oliver H. Smith, Philip 
Swatzer. Jaines T. Brown and Abel Cole were admitted to the bar. This made 
a total of ten who had been admitted to practice law in Shell iv couniv. while 
but two ca.'^es wei-e yet tipon the docket. At this time alniM.-t all the lawyers 
"rode the circuit" with the Judge, and took chances on picking up business. 
or being en-iployed in important law suits when they arrived at the respective 
county seats. The journeys from county to county were long and proti-acted, 
and as tliere were no newspapers nor books in the cabins where they spent 
the nights, these lawyer circtiit riders killed tiie time as the saying was. by tel- 
ling stories, in which invention as well as n-iemorv was brought intn plav. 
Many of these remai-kable stories have been handed down t() ]xisteritv. but 
some of them would not look well in print. 

On the ir)th flay of February. 1843, the record shows tliat : "On motion 
of 'Mv. O'Xcal. Fdward Lander. Thomas A. Hendricks and James Harrison 
are admitted attoi-neys and cun^clliji-s at law at the bar of this court, and 
the said Edward Lander. Tlir.mas A. FIendrick> and James Harrison, liere 
now in person, take the sevei-al oaths required by law as such attorneys and 
counsellors at law." 

This simple record of tlie admission to the bar of Shelby county of Thomas 
A. Hendricks marks tlie bcgiiming of a great cai-ecr. He represented the 
county in both the House and Senate of the state Legislature, was a member 
of the Constitutional Convention of Indiana, a member of Congress from this 
district. United States SenatMi-. Commissioner of the General Land Office in 
\\'ashingt<:in City. Governor of Indiana and \'ice President of the United 
States. In this rather blatant age, when wealtli is soi-neiinies wor>hiped at the 
expense of worth, it is a pIea^ure to pay oiu- tribtite oi praise to one who set 
so fine an exan-iiile of modesty and courtesy. In the language of a former niem- 
ber of the Shelby County Ear: "It is diflicult to mention the name of this emi- 
nent citizen of tlie republic without a word of tribute to his memru'v. \\'c re- 
mci-nber his face, radiant with intelligence — his com-terai^ ami insinu;iting 

ciiaiiuick's ni>rciKV ov sui-.i.r.v co.. ini\ 191 

iiiaiir,cr>. his iior>u:i-i\'(.ne>> nf ti>;i;_:ue. the cxi|ni?ite j^race ami beauty of lii> 
clicli.iii. liis adiuir.iblL' iicr>i)ici;it_\ . (li-nity aiicl precision.- liis hapjiy .-qipi'-ilo 
illuslrati"iis ami alhiMi>ii>, the iieaine^s ainl clearness of hi? cxposiiiuiis. hi'^ 
masculine ami full -'n'wn n>lui>tness n\ miuil ami c(|ually diffuseil intellectual 
licalth anil the unas^aileil purity •.'! his pi-i\ te lite— all contributing to excite 
the li>ve and adniiraiioii nf his ci mritrymcn. To the legal profession, whose 
honnr antl character he was e\cr ready to vindicate, he i5^ especially endeared. 
Of him it may be said that, like Mr. I'ushe. the great Irish lawyer, he could 
hand up a ])uint of law to the court with as much grace and pliancy <.if gesture 
as if he were jiresenting a cfmrt lady wilh a fan." 

Among the [jrominent lawyers of an early tlay who had a large practice 
in this county and were often seen here, were: Oliver II. Smith and James 
]\arid;in. of Conuersville : William J. Brown and Hugh O'Neal, of Indianapo- 
lis; I'hilip Swatzer, uf Colunilnis ; Thomas D. A\'alpole, of Greenfield; Judge 
R\'m. mil, of Lawrenceburg ; Jtidge Davison, of Greensburg; Asahel Hubbard 
and General Hackleman. of Rushville, and other interesting- characters. 

'Jdie Hon. ]\Iartin ^l. Ray is another memlier of our bar who is enthusi- 
astically remembered here for his abilities as a lawyer and his extraordinary 
social attractions. 

One of the early features of a lawyer's life in Shelby county %vas what 
was then known as "saddle-bag practice"' before the Justice of the Peace, so 
called because the lawyer carried his books and papers in his saddle-bags. 

The Justices" court was the great forum of the young lawyer, and all of 
the distinguished lawyers in the early history of the county, including Hen- 
dricks and Ray, won their spurs in the Justice of the Peace courts. Tiie whole 
country around would often g-ather at these trials, and in the summer time 
the court was often held in some grove under the spreading branches of some 
old oak tree, where the fiery young orator in spread-eagle style, wou'd display talents to the ct:amtr}'-side. James Harrison. James B. Mcl'adden and 
Isaac 0"Dell are three others of the old-time lawyers who had an extensive 
practice in the Justice of the Peace courts in th cearly days. Among the 
members of the bar who have distinguished themselves as authors may be 
menti(jned Charles ^^lajor. the author of "When Knighthood was in Flower," 
'"Dorothv \'ernon,"' and many other popular novels which brought to hirn 
world-wide fame and riches. Harvey H. Daugherty. a formermember of this 
bar. is the author of "The Y'.ung Lawyer." and ■■Another Iissay."" He is al-o 
the author of some law books. 


The Shelby C'.unty Association was organized in. i8<)S. The i\r>[ 
ofticers of the orgariizati'in were H. C. M'.'rrison. president: 1^. L. Wilscjii, 

niamicrs, his [icrsiKi^ivciiess uf ti 'H.uu..', the cxiiuisilc .yrace and l)oauty of lii> 
dicii. 111. iiis adiniii'.hle iK-rspR-uitx . di-nity and ])ri'cisiiin. • Ids hapjiy ai)pM>iio 
illustrations and allusions, the neatness and clearness of his expositions, his 
masculine and full .lyrown rohustness of niind and equally diffused intellectual 
health and the unassailcd purity of his privte life — all contributing to excite 
the l(i\c and adiniran'. m i<\ his cminiryincn. To the legal profession, whose 
honor and character he was ever ivad.y to vindicate, he is especially endeared. 
Of him it may he >aid that, like Mr. F.u^he. the great Irish lawyer, he could 
hand up a i)oiiu of law to llie court with as much grace and phancy of gesture 
as if he were preseniiiig a court lady with a fan.'" 

Among the prominent lawyers o\ an early day who had a l.irge practice 
in this county and were often .seen here, were: 01i\er ]]. Smith and Jauies 
Ivaridan. of Connersville : William J. Brown and Hugh O'Xeal. of Indianapc>- 
lis; Philip Swatzer. of Colinn!ni<: Thomas D. \\"aii)o!c. of (h-eenrield : Judge 
Rymoiid. of Lawrcnceburg : Judge Davison, of Greenshurg: Asahel Huhbard 
and General Hackleman. of Rushville, and other interesting- characters. 

The Hon. Martin M. Ray is another meiuber of our bar who is enthusi- 
astically remeiulvered here for his abilities as a law\cr and his cxi raordinarv 
social attractions. 

One of the early features of a lawyer's life in Shelby county was what 
was then known as "saddle-bag jM-actice" before the Justice of the Peace, so 
called because the lawver carried his books and papers in his .saddle-bags. 

The Justices' c.jurt was the great fonim of the young lawver. and all of 
the distiuguished lawyers in the early ]li^tol-y of the counlv. including Hen- 
dricks and Ray, won their spurs in the Justice of the Peace courts. The whole 
country around would often gather at these trials, and in the summer tiiuc 
the court was often held in some grove under the s])reading branches of some 
old oak tree, where the fiery young orator in spread-eagle style, would display talents to the ci;untry-si<le. Jaiues Harrison. Jaiues B. McFadden and 
Isaac O'Dell are three others of the old-time lawyers who had an extensive 
practice in the Ju<tice of the Peace courts in th cearly days. Among the 
members of the bar who have distinguished themselves as authors may be 
mentioned Charles ?kIaior. the author of •'When Knighthood was in Flower.'" 
"Dorothy Vernon," and many other popular novels which Ijrought to hiin 
world-wide fame and riches. Harvey H. DaugiK-rly. a former member of this 
bar, is the author of "The Young L.awyer." and •".Xiiother Essay." He is also 
the author of some law books. 


The Shelby County As.-oeiaiion was organized in 1898. The first 
officers of the organizati'in were H. C. M'.rrison. iiresidenl: D. L. \\'ilson. 

vicc-])tv-i.lciu. JM.cpli Chez, ^; R. W. 1 l.iniN m. iioa-uror. Arconlin- 
t.. ihc oinsmuii..ii "'I'lie a.^.M.ciaiiMn is^lu-.l t.. maintain tlic Imnnr and 
dignity ul llio piofessi. qi of the law, tn cnltivatc sMcial inici-i.-i'ni -c annmg- its 
members, and t^ incrca-c ii^ n^ci'iilnc-s in pr' nn^ iiin-- the due administration 
of justice." 

]n additiiai [<> the i|iKirterly meetinL^-s. the ;issiiciation IimI.Is an annual 
nuelin.L;- and han.|iiet chirins; the la-^t week in i-'ehrnary ni" caeh yc-a.r. :\n^\ a pie- 
nie in tlie month of June of eaeh year, Juieh year sdnie noted per.-ona,q;e out- 
side of the eonnty .-ire in\ ited. i,. he present and p.irlieipate in the pro-vam 
given at the li;ini|iiet. 

So unce or twiee a year all strife and hitierness eni^endered in mnnv a 
hanl-f :u--ht le,t;al hattle i'< for-oiten and .a-^i.le. and' e.aeh lawyer standi 
read\- and willin.L; to i^ive to his laymen friend.- and -nests this homely advice 
of Shakespeare : 

■■Po as adxcrsaries in law. >tri\e mightil)'. 
Rut eat and drink as friends."' 

PKOC.KAM Ti:XTll .\XXf.\L I'.AX! >L"ET. 

( I'\'l)ruary jt,. 1909.) 

Toastmaster Charles Hamilton Tindal! 

'■What is the Trouhle With the Law?" Ilo„. Wdliam Pudlev Foulkc 

An Address by the CMvernor Hon. Thomas R. Marsliall 

"The Lawyer's Wife" l-:dmni,d. Kinxey Adams 

"Evils of the Divorce'" Thomas Henrv Cami.hell 

'■Some Things Wuh Which We Have to G.nilend." \'lon/.o P.Iair 

"The Babies/' Charles Ahijor 

It is not the purpi'-e or this work, for \arinus reasons, to insert litre, ]jer- 
sonal sketches of the dili'erent members of the bar, who are miw li\-iiig and 
practicing law. Such a feature wraild be foreign to the plan of this book. 

Idle Shelby County liar has had several practitioners wiio wonld have 
taken the frciit rank in any great city of the country. Loremi .st of them all 
was Thomas A Hendricks, while but little, if aiiv, less able as a lawyer, was 
Martin M. Ray. 

Other conspicuous meml)er- of the bar, who were the Xestors of the days 
goiie by. were Eden Tl. Davis. William J. I'caslee, Stephen Major, Benjamin 
E. Love. James Harrison. Alfred Major, O. J. Glessner. Thomas B. Adains, 
L. T. Micliener. James B. McEadden atid others who arc still in the practice 
here, ddicsc were, and the survivors are all around lawyers of natural force 
anil brilliant acipiirements. and no interior tow 11 ever had their superiors. 



Tlie later accessions to the bench and bar oi Shelby countv will be pleased 
to known that their predecessors in the early days weic men of ihe hii:;hest abil- 
ity and character alike as lawyers and in all relations of life. 

The Shelby County Bar has passed many re-nlmions of resjicct upon the 
death of members, but it would be impossible to publish all of them, so we have 
selected four sets of resolutions passed upon the occasion of the deaths of four 
of the "old school" lawyers, each of whom practiced law in Shelbv county 
from forty to fifty years. These men saw the practice under the old code 
dwindle away, and witnessed the growth of the new forms of practice under 
the new constitution, and finally ended their days here, at good ripe old ages, 
still in the "harness" as the saying is-, at the time of tlicir respective demises. 
At a meeting of th.e Shelby County Bar. upon the occasion of the death of 
the Hon. Stephen Major, the undersigned committee on re-olutions reoortcd 
the follov.'ing : 

"We have met to pay our tribute of respect to the memory of Hon. Judge 
Stephen ]\Iajor, wlio has been for upwards of half a centurv a member of our 
bar, e.xcepting an interval extending through one full term, in which he held 
the position of Judge of the ^^tarion Circuit Court. He has been taken from us 
in his mental vigor, but in the fullness of his days and professional honors. 
He falls ripe for the sickle of death. We have known him long and well, and 
desire, rather in our emotional feelings than in compliance with the usage of 
the profession, to give expression lo our high estiination of his merits as a 
man, a lawyer, a judge, and a Christian. Therefore, as expressive of our un- 
feigned sorrow and sympathy with his family and fellow citizens in their 

"Rcsoh'cd, That we hereby express our admiration and respectful .x- 
membrance of the jirofessional courtesy, talents and merits of our deceased 
brother, and thai we will emulate his virtues as the best tribute to his memory. 
"Rcsohcd. That we tender his family and friends our sincere condolence, 
feeling that although to them even more than to us the loss is irreparable. Yet 
to him it is a great gain that he has entered upon ihc rewards of a well spent 
life, before that higher bar where all must appear. 

"Rcsohcd, That we attend the funeral obsequies in a body, and that our 
chaimian for us request that the minutes of this meeting be spread upon the 
records of the Shelby Circuit Court. 

"Tames Harrison", 
"B. F. I,ovE, 
"Thomas B. Adams." 

MEMORIAL resolutions. 

Memorial and resolutions adopted at a meeting of the Shelby County 
Ear upon tlie occasion of the death of James Harrison ; 


"With a tlcc]) sense of sadness and loss we are confronted witli tlic awful 
fact thai death has again inwaded our ranks and rein'i\-ed loni oiu" midst and 
from the busy scenes of life cur worttiy and e-ieenied Iimthcr, lion. James 

"He was bum in Bourbon county, Keinucky. on the 7th day of July, iSiS. 
At the age of twenty-five he located in this (Shelby) county, since which tune 
he has occiiiiied an enviable ])osition as a lawyer, a leg;islati:ir and a citizen. 

"He was admitted to the bar in company with the late Hon. Thomas A. 
Hendricks, on the i6th day of February, 1843, before the then acting Judge, 
AX'illiam J. Peasley. His career as a lawyer of nearly a half century, was 
marked with fidelity to his clients and integrity to his associates and the courts; 
lie was ever sincere and logical in his arguments and when occasionally occupy- 
ing the bench he was fearless, impartial and courteous. 

"His pri\;ite character was abo^■c repriiach and before tlie ])ub!ic he stood 
as an upright, worthy and esteemed citizen. 

"To his sorrow stricken family and relaii\es we extend our fullest sym- 
pathv in this hour of their grief. 

"H J. H.\CK.\-EV. 

"T. R. Ad.vms. 
"B. F. Love, 



The following resolutions were passed by the bar on the death of Hon. 
Oliver J. Glessner : 

"Oliver J. Gles-ner was born in the state of Maryland on the i nh day of 
October. iSjS', and in his early childhood came with his parents to Indiana, 
where he has continui:iusly re>ided. Fie was admitted to practice law in In- 
diana in February. 1856. In 1S64 he was elected Judge of the Eighth Com- 
mon Pleas District, of which Shelby county was a part, and n:oved to Shelby 
county in 1865, where he has ever since resided. Retiring from the bench, he 
immediately entered upon the practice of his profession, in which he soon be- 
came of the front rank. In the fall of 1870 he was elected to the state Senate 
of Indiana. In 1872 the ])arty selected him as a candidate for Presidential 
elector, but declined the proffered honor, because his otTice of state Senator 
disqualified him from holding the office. In 1880 he was again nominated by 
his party, as a candidate for Presidential elector and took prominent part in 
the campaign of that year. In 1890 he was elected to the Lower Flouse of the 
Indiana Legislatiu'e. and took an active part in the session of 1891. 

"Judge Glc.-=ner was a rcarly debater and a man ni comlxitive nature, but 
was not offensively so. It has been written < .f him : '.\s a lawyer he possessed 


more tliaii orilinaiN nhility, being;' enclowci' with an aelivc niiml. ^llI■c\v^l iliscevn- 
mcnt. a coinl>ati\e (Ii-:p ■■siiit^in (^tlmnj^li JtricUy courteous) CLiml.iinecl with cx- 
tensi\e reading' anti practice." 

"A« an advocate few men in Indiana liad fuperi'M- skill: his hright ])er- 
ceptive facuhics. a vast fund of nanu'al ca]iacily. kn.nvn as ■conimnn sense;' an 
unusual pers'jnal magnetism, a fine voice, a fine antl graceful \\"W of language, 
ingenuity in presenting lucidly and impressively the facts cstahlisliing his 
theories and in answering and advocating the elements in conllict with his 
.theories, all united in securing his aims.' 

'"This in In'ief is only a part of the life of Oliver J. Cdessner as it was 
demonstrated to th. se who knew him m"St intimately. 

'■\\'e regret the death of Judge Cdessner \"cry sincerely, and tender our 
sympathy to his afflicted family. 

"We recommend tliat a cop)' of this memorial be sijvead upcm the records 
of the Shelby County Circuit Court, and that a coiw also be tr.'ui-milted to the 
family of our decea-ed arid that the local papers of Shelbyville be re- 
quested to publish the sanie. 

(signed.) "Kexd.mj. M. Hord. 

"Bexj.amix F. Lovk. 

"JaME.S B. McF.MlDEX. 



"Again has the angel of death invaded our ranks and removed from our 
midst our esteemed friend and brother. Benjamiii F. Love, and made vacant 
the seat he has occupied for so many years, as he met with us in the discharge 
of his professional duties. 

"And thicrefore. the sad and sacred duty devolve? upon us in some ap- 
propriate manner to gi\'e expression to our sorrow for the great loss we sus- 
tained by the death of our fonner associate. 

"Mr. Love was not only a man of marked ability, but of perfect integrity, 
and lived to attain a verv high and honorable position in the ranks of his 
chosen profession, as well as in the cotificlence and estceni of all who knew 
him. He was laborious and painstaking in his profession and a courteous, 
genial gentlenian in all the relations of life. Gifted by nature widi an intel- 
lect aliove the average, by close application and unwearieil labor he was en- 
abled to place him-elf in the rank of the forenioci lawyers of the state. A? a 
lawver he was candid with liis clients, untiring and tenacious in their interests, 
vet ill all things ami at all times ln''nest with the court and courteous with 
his aijversaries. 

"Mr. Love was not onlv a gi 'Od lawver but was one of the best ailvocatcs 

K/3 (.•HADWUK's I1]ST(^KV (IF SHKl.HV Cn., IXI). 

at the l)ar. and lu. lawyer wa'^ ever arrayed ;!,L;ainsi him in a le.iral contest at 
liie former, who cHil not before llie contest was owr, fully realize that he 
liad met a foeman worthy of his steel. 

"He was not as in liis manner of addre-sini^' the crmrt or jurv 
as other lawyers of much le-s al)i!ity. perhajis. vet In's manner was i)eculiarlv 
his own. and it mi,L;ht well he said of him that he was a diamond in the r.nit;h. 
lie was not an amhiii.ius man. hut was content to he cjidy a lawyer. As a 
lawyer he never acce])ted a retainer without giving to the case his best energy 
and ability of which he was possessed. He never neglected to make the most 
thorough preparation. He gtiarded against every emergency and was seldom 
caught unawares. Being carefully prepared upun the law <>f his cases and 
thoroughly actiuainled with the facts of each, his p^wer lie fore the jurv and 
court, alike, was of the highest order. He carried liis causes by the force of 
his nature, the correctness of his position, and his great skill in demonstrating 
the justness of his client's cause. Trickery and deception found no place in 
his legal equipment. 

'"He was iniwilling to \iolatc the dictates of his own conscience, or \n-os- 
titute a noble profession by the employment of unfair or dishonorable means to 
aid a failing cause. The records of the local courts furnish ample evidence of 
his ability as a trial lawyer: while reports of appellate courts of this state will 
attest and peqietuate his profession and proficiency in the same. His life will 
prove an incenti\e tn the yoitnger members of the bar and demonstrate to 
them that induslr}", when coupled with an tmblemished character, will surely 
bring to the prefcssion success, and win the respect and esteem of all g^od men. 
'■Ui)on jx'ilitical and all other cptestions in which the welfare of society 
was involved, he had strong con\-ictions of the right which he was ever ready 
to maintain with dignity and strength. He ever believed in the convictions 
of the things which he stood for and urged them because he believed them to 
right. In the positions which he took he always maintained his own self-re- 
spect and secured the respect of those with whom he differed. 

"By long and honorable career he has left upon the profession and 
the community in which he has lived, the stamp of his untiring energy, of his 
splendid ability and of his nol)Ie character. He was liberal to a fault, his 
charity was proverbial and his disposition was as kind as that of a child. 

"The members of your committee, who were for many years intimately 
associated with him professionally and otherwise, take great pleasure in bear- 
ing witness to the splendid ability, his sterling integrity and his kindh- dis- 

"In his death the oanmunity has lost one of its best citizens and the bar 
one of its most al)!e and upright members. \\"e shall miss his venerable form 
in the courts. We shall feel the loss of his society in our professional gather- 


ingrs. but we shall ever clicrisli in our iiicini .rics llie recolk-ctions of liis un- 
spotted clinrncter and his jiurc and nol)le life. 

(sjGxi-.n.) '•]•. B. ^[cFAnDKx. 

"k. M. HoKD, 

"H. C. MouKisox, 




Hiram 'SL Curry October, 1822 

Calvin Fletcher October. 1823 

Harvey Gregg . . .■ September, 1824 

Calvin' Fletcher September. 1S25 

James Whitcomb September. 1826 

William W. Wick March. 1S29 

Philip Swetzer March, 1831 

Hiram Brown September. iSy . 

Harvey Gregg- March. 1S32 

William Herrod September, 1S33 

William Ouarles Februan-, 1S37 

William J. Peasley April, 1S39 

Hugh O'Neal February. 1 84T 

A. A. Hammond Februaiy. 1843 

Edward Lander February. 1847 

Mathias \\'right February. 1849 

David S. Gooding August. 18; i 

Oscar B. Hord April, 1853 

Thomas A. ]\IcFarland October. 18; ^ 

William Patterson April. 18^^ 

Henry C. Hanna Apt il, iS'-.g 

Milton G. Cullum April, 1861 

Samuel S. Ilarrell April, 1863 

O. Dundy April, 1865 

K. M. Hord April, 1867 

Piatt Wicks April, 1869 

Daniel W. Flowe October. 1869 

Nathaniel T. Carr April, 1871 

K. M. Hord October, 1S72 

W. Scott Ray . ; October, 1874 

L. J. Hackney October, 1878 

Jacob L. White December. 1880 

Fred S. StafT December. 1882 



Tcter M. ]:)ill December. iSS6 

Joliii C. McXutt December, i8SS 

Thomas 11. Caniphcll December, iSgj 

Alonzo Blair December, 1896 

Cliarles Hack Decemlier, 1002 

Ehuer r>a?.-ett January, 1905 

Charles Hack January, 1907 

John Cheney January, 1909 


Tlie followins^ roll of attorneys comprises most of tho?e who were ad- 
mitted to the Shelby bar prior to 1852, as well as many of a subsequent date. 
From 1852 down to the present the records of admission are very voluminous 
arid withijtit index, hence it is next to impossiljle to obtain ever_\- name, but 
manv are qiven which will be of interest, as well as for reference: 






-Hiram ]\I. Ciu'rv. 

Charles H. Test. 

Calvin Fletcher. 

James Delancy. 

John A. Ijreckcnridj 
-James Raridan. 

Oliver H. Smith. 

Philip Swetzcr. 

Tames T. Brown. 

Abel Cole. 

Daniel B. Wick. 

B. F. ^lorris. 

Edgar C. ^^'ilson. 
-Gabriel Johnson. 

Harvey Gregg. 

Hiram Brown. 

William W. Wick. 
-Joseph Vanmeter. 

James Braman. 

Ovid Butler. 

Andrew Davidson. 

Henry Hurst. 
-Tames Form. 

Albert S. AA'hite. 


James T. TJrown. 

^Nlathcw C. A'anpelt. 

George Lyon. 
1849 — Farkin Reynolds. 

Duane liicks. 

William B. liaquis. 
1850 — Andrew J. Boone. 

Alfred Major. 

Thomas D. ^^■alpole. 

Thomas A. Mcl-arland. 
1S51 — Squire ^^'. Tvobinson. 

David S. Gooding. 

Joseph F. Roberts. 

Hiram B. Br.wvn. 

William Singleton. 

Sanniel P. Oyler. 
1852 — Simeon Stansife. 

Beaty C. Stewart. 
1S53— Cyrus Y.'righl. 

Isaac X. Johnson. 

William IF Bainbridge. 

John W. Robinson. 
1834 — Tames C. Hart. 
18;;— Steven D. I,von. 


uSjj— Willumi (1 



A. Keiulall. 


,8_,,^(^,„,.e w. Wallace, Sa„u,cl W.' \\-.„-k, 

-^'- \^i"i-tt. i8s.;— ]\Trv M Cvcn 

Liv.nj,st.,n H,.ulan,l. •' _ ...^....^. ' 

iMiO— l.cniamm ]•. SI. .cum. janu-s L. .Mas, 

E.hviu P. I-en-i.s. Ki.hiri H. ]>.,wer 

J^'l"! A. Ecale. Richanl X,,n-,^ 

uXfn-Isaac X. Odcll. Gcr^c W. \\-,„.k„,a„ 

■ Benjamin F. Lnvc. i<Sr,8— ]!ellaniv S. Sim.,n. 

William Jl. I'auic. 1N69— .-\. IJ. Campbdl. 

]-evi l^lm^lul. George D. Ilinkle. 

J. 11. I'.renlon. Alunzo ]^>Iair 

!830-jolm\\-. Alley. I'hut Wick. 

I->aac AJ. Julmson. 1S70— IJenry W. Wliiiconib. 

William I. Erown. J,,],n lI(M,p. 

Hugh B. Egg-leston. 1871— Au.-;tii; I'. ]:)enny. 

1831— William O. Ross. William ]■. A. Beiuha 

,832— John Ecles. S. B. Jeukius. 

James B. Ray. 1875— Harris H. iM'aiicis. 

llumiihrex- 1-. R<jl., 

Leopold ]Ail, 

Stephen Major. Robert W. Wiles. 

i^\i3— William Brown. Charles S])rague. 

William J. Reasley. Corydon W.\Morrison. 

\\ iUiani Herod. 1876— Oliver B. Phillips. 

Fal)ius .M. Finch. Xewton L. Wrav 

i83_|— Burel B. Taylor. 1877— William U. Burlon. 

1835— f^il'ltToy Hicks. 1K78— James F. Dunn. 

John Ryman. Thomas B. Adams. 

Christian C. Xavc. Lewis T. Michener. 

Peter Ryman. Jcsepli W. Thomp.-on 

1S36--A. .\. ILmimond. 1S79— Harry C. Morri^.n. 

ALason Hutton. E. U. Chad wick. 

Royal Mayliew. Charlc.-, G. .Vdanis. 

1S38— Henry Brown. AF D. Tackctt. 

A. V. ALayo. iSSo— Lyman L. Ahjhlcv. 

1^39— Ja"i^'> B. Sleeth. - \\\ B. Wilson. 

David B. Farrington. A. C. Harris. 

1840— Ah,. c> Kelley. i,S8i— Ce, irge V. WUsnn. 

Irwin W. .Madi.-^i.m. William Cassady. 

Horatio C. Xewconib. James ^\■r^ght. ' 

1841— Hugh O'Xeal. George C. Butler. 


Lucian Barbour. 18.4;— lulen H. Davis. 

William H. Brunific!,!. 1845— Hug!, p. Fugii. 

Robert S. Cox. K. A. Riley. 

I-'inlev Bigger. Tingle. 

i84_'— James M. Sleetli. A. \\'. Hu1)hanl. 

Cyrus \\-right. R. D. Logan, 

i843^Ed\vard Lander. Daniel .\. Hart. 

Thomas A. Hendricks. David Sloiie. 

James Harrison. M. M. Ray, 

1844— ^lalhias Wright, 1846— David ^JcLane, 

John Morrison. Albert (',. Porter. 

P. A. Hackleman, Lewis P. Coppersmith. 

1866 — George A. John.son. 1S47 — J'^'i" Slater. 

Charles W. Snow. William Henderson. 

Harvey H. Daugherty. 184S— William Wallace. 

Robert B. P. I'earce. Jolai Ouarles. 

18O7— John R. ^litchell. )88i— William McBane. 

:\IcGuire. James T. Caughev. 

Fletcher INIereditli. 18S3— Edward Dealv. 

\\'illiam Wright. 


( Willi Date of .\dmission. ) 

Adams, Edmund Kinsey 1S7: 

Billman, John Wolfe 187'. 



Blair, Alonzo 1890 

Carter, Isaac 1SS9 

Chadwick, Edward Henry 1S79 

Cheney, John Calhoun .1898 

Cole. Myron E. (Mich., 188S.) 1905 

Campbell. Thomas H 1890 

Downey, Henry S 1S74 

Douglass, Ralph W 190S 

Glessner, Oliver J. Prior 1869 

Hack, Charles Allen 

Harrison, Robert \\' 1881 

Hall, Joseph Oscar 1905 

Henry. Claude R 

Hord' Kendall -Mo>s, Pri^r to 1866 

Israel, Wilbur 1896 


Isley, William H 1883 

]ouc>. Hcrhci-t Clay , 1906 

Lislier, Ary E •■ 1S84 

Metcalt, Ernest Marion 

Morrison. ?Iarry C 1879 

Meiks, George H i8(j8 

Major. Charles A 1878 

McFadden. James ]).. Prior to 1867 

]\IcDaniel. Erastus \\' 1892 

Sullivan, Michael O 1890 

Shaw, Andreville 1898 

Smith, David 1894 

Stroup. Everett Elmore 1880 

Tindall. Charles Hamilton 1894 

Tindall, Uris E 1900 

Tindall, John Alex 1878 

Wolfe, Frank H 1908 

Wilson, David L 1875 

Walker, John E 1900 

\\rn\. All.ert E 1876 

Yarling, Will A 1905 


(P-y Cliarlcs A. Tindall. .M. D. ) 

111 the prcparatinn ol this chapter I wisli to acknr.wledge niv iiulclitcdncss 
to f(M-nier county histories. Forest Hill cemetery and other records, a mini- 
l)er of the olfler citizens wlio ha\ e kindly given their as-istance t<i t!ic ]ire>^cnl 
l)hysicians ot Slielliy county and to the tonilistiuies. wliich h;ive silcntlv l^ixlu 
their records. That which is given as authentic can he relied on as l.eing 
fairly accurate, but in many instances no definite or accurate information could 
be obtained, especially about those who have been dead for manv vears. and 
those who have removed from this county and whose iireseni l.ication is not 

An effort has been made to give some account .'f each jilivsician who 
ever lived and practiced medicine in Shelby county for any considerable 
length of time, but the County Clerk's register gives the names and locations 
of a number of physicians who were located in various pan-; of the counly 
for a short time at many different periods since iSSi. and doubi'es- there were 
many before tliat time, of wh(jm no record is here given. ]\Jo-.t of them, how- 
ever, did not ])ractice in the count\- long enough to become thorougliK- identi- 
fied with the medical profession of the county, but some mav have licen missed 
who were more prominent, as the task of collecting the data has been diffi- 
cult on account of there having been no earl}- or continuous organization of 
the ])rofessiou in the county and consequently no early records have lieen 

The statute requiring all physicans to register with the Countv Clerk be- 
came operative in 1881 and the statute requiring a license in 18S5. Xo rec- 
ord of ]:)hysicians prior to that time can be found in the Clerk's office, and it 
is presumable that none has been kei)t. Xo careful and systematic record of 
birlhs and deaths has ever been kcyA. e\ce]iting for a few recent years. Tlie 

XOi A 


aoi & 

older reciMils. if tliey were ever kept, have l)een destroyed or misplaced. In 
fact, it is douhtful if all hirtlis are now reix)rted. although under the present 
system all deaths are i)rolKil)ly rep.'i'ied. 

In looking- into ihe hi-Jtory of the men who were ihe pioneer ])hvsieians 
of Shelby county one is impressed with the character of many of them. Thcv 
were intelligent, resourceful, sturdy men. made powerful by the hardships 
they cndureti. They were active in the de\-elopment of the countrv and influ- 
ential in their respecti\e communities. .Many fu" them were well educated, not 
onl}- ill medicine, but in the scieiK'es and literature and it was not uncommon 
for a ])hysician of the earlier period to be able to preach a good sermon as 
well as i)ractice medicine .successfullv. 

The relation between physician and jiatient was then much closer than it 
now is. The physician was not onl\- the medical adviser, but frequenllv the 
general achiser ar,d family friend, an.l when he once became the familv phvsi- 
cian he generally continued in that capacity for many years or until the death 
of one or the other and frequently the patient was an inheritance to a son 
who had taken up his father's practice. Dr. Wcelum MacLure. of Ian Mc- 
Laren's creation was not an uncommon figure and even Jess, his old white 
mare, that he rode in all kinds of weather foi ^o nianv years, could Ije^- 
ciated in duplicate with many of Shelby county's ])ioneer phvsicians of tlie 
early days. 

The practice of medicine with the pioneer iihysician was dilTicult work: 
the roads were frei|uently all but impassable and the onl\ mode i^i travel w-as 
either on loot or hor^c-liack. There were no bridges and it was often neces- 
-sary to force the horse to swim the swollen streams. During the sickly sea- 
son (and malaria was present almost the year around) many of the phvsi- 
cians were in the saddle, with but little rest, both day and night, going from 
one ]iaticnt to another civer the thinly settled country. Many times the peo- 
ple were poor and had but little with which to ]):iy for medical services, al- 
though, as a general rule, they were honest and paitl wiiat thev could, if not 
in money, in horse feed, food and other articles necessary to the physician.-^' 

My earliest recollection of a physician is that of a benevolent-looking, 
closely-shaven, cidcrl}- gentleman coming down the road driving a horse t(i 
a high two-wheeled sulky. After biitching the hor.-^e he cune into the house 
and made an e.xamination of my father, who wa> sick. He then asked for a 
basin, and when it was brought ordered it held under my lather's arm. around 
which he had previously tied a band and with a spring lancet opened the vein 
and permitted about a quart of blood to esca])e into the basin. This was some 
thirt\'-ri\c or thirtv-seven years ago. and the onlv time I ever witnessed a 

ntiicly (liscank'd. 



ami antiiii.iiiy in 1 



K-dicinc. A niilitci 



er s\sleni> and the 



lace in tlu' ijlnsici 



ciiadwick's history or siir.i.r.v co., ixd. ^^ 

'''blccflinj:^." 'I'his ])ruce(!ui-(.- lias l)ccn aim 
may be said cf tlie adniini;-trali<in of men 
and in fact of ihc eiiiire depleti\e system 
rational practice lias taken the jjjace of die carliei 
of disease occupies a much mure prominent 
than in the earlier days. 

Drainage of the soil has dune more to ])re\ent makiria (formerly called 
ague or chills and fe\er') than all of the quinine or other remedies ever gi\-eii. 
Whether or not \accinalion lessens the dangers of small-pox is a debatable 
question, bvt no one who has studied the disease will doubt Init that cleanli- 
ness, ventilation and proper sanitation have very materially reduced the nior- 
talit}' in this once dreaded disease. Cholera almost ilisappcars where a high 
order of sanitation prewiils. Typhoid fe\-er is geiieralh- traceable to impure 
water or other impure foods and the i)ois<in is sonielimes traii>miued from 
one patient to aiioiliL-r. This disease can al.^o Ije pi'e\ented b}' the removal of 
the cause, which is done by giving tlie projier care to foods, water and .sanitary 

It is now generally conceded Ijy the medical profession that pure air, 
proper food, proper exercise, and in fact, corect modes of living, together 
with symptomatic treatment of functional disorders gives the only hope of 
cure in consumption and that much can be done along these lines to prevent 
it. One might go on particularizing in all diseases and the same princii)le 

Much experimenting along the lines of preventing diseases has been 
done and much good accom])li,shcd, but much yet remains to be accomplished 
and a more thorough study of sanitation, ventilation, foods, and of all of the 
laws of nature must be given; for the great white plague (consumi>tion) 
claims its victims each year in appalling numliers. Regardless of ahiKjst uni- 
versal \accination, small-pox continues to exist and fre(|uently causes death, 
regardless of the use of anti-toxin diphtheria claims its scores of victims each 
year and the same may be said of tetanus and many other diseases wdiich are 
treated by the serum theraphy. .\nd yet so much has been accomplished in 
the science of healing in the past that the future gives great promise of still 
greater progress. 

The progress in surgery during the last quarter of a century has been 
rapid. The discovery of anesthesia in 1S47 had removed from it many of its 
horrors, and the discovery of antiseptics a few years later, many of its dan- 
gers. Some wonderful results have been obtained and yet much has been 
done in the enthusiasm of success that had better been left undone. .\ lessoii 
has been learned and a more conservative surgery is now practiced than a 

ciiadwick's history of sui.i.nv co., IX)). XC ) h 

few years ago. It Ims been said that a certain surgeon aelnowledoed tliat 
he had removed a plateful of ])ractically liealthy ovaries, a eonfessiMu that 
eouid probably be duplicated bv some others. 

Superstition^ among- a certain cla^s vi tlie laity have not all di^ajjpearetl. 
1 have been told by credukuis persons that a tea made from the bark of a 
peach tree when, the bark had been scrajxd ui- would cure di.irrhea. and that 
a tea made from the same bark when the l)ark had been scrape. 1 (l<iwn would 
cure vomiting. I liave seen a child to whicli the parents had given li:-hing- 
worm tea. and it is perhaps needless t.i say that the child died^. Even now 
parents of g^od intelligence frequently have their l)abies "measured"' for "flesh- 
decay" (inanition). This is a jirocess in which the baby is measured with a 
string and the child then put through a l<.>op ntade of the string and sotne 
words or prayer recited. The "measuring" is done by s..>me woman who has 
gamed her "knowledge" from some other woman who imparted it shortly 
before death and it can be imparted to but one person by the same individ- 
ual. The physician often comes in contact with other equallv ridiculous 
things and scarcely takes the time to remonstrate. 

The patent medicine habit is one of the evils to which the gullible afflict- 
ed is addicted. It is claimed that each year, in the United Stales alone, mere 
than sevcntydive milli.jns of dollars are spent for patent medicines. :\Iost of 
these medicines belong to two classes, one containing a large amount of alcu- 
liol or opium, or other habit-forming narcotics, or acetanilid or other danger- 
ous heart depressants; the other class is inert or harmless, and designed only 
to get the money from its users. There may be, and doubtless are, some 
meritorious remedies of this class, but the deleterious or inert are very largelv 
in the majority. 

While all of the i)hysicians of Shelby county have not been of the high- 
est order, as would be found in any community, the large niajoritv of them 
have been well educated, intelligent, gentlemanly physicians, well up to tlieir 
times in literary, scientific and medical attainments. This has been true of 
the physicians of the county from the beginning and is no le^s true now, for 
no better treatment for any disease either acute or chri'iiic. no better surgery 
in either minor or major operations can be secured than from Sh.elby countv 

During the first years of the history of the county the mode of travel bv 
the physician was either on foot or on horse-back, and if the roads were now 
no better than they then were the same methods would vet be necessary, but 
the county is now traversed by excellent gravel pikes. A little later during 
the dry season the two-wheeled sulky was freipientlv used and as the roads 
became better improved the buggy displaced the sulky. .\t the present time 


the lar-est nunilier ,,f phv^iciaiH ,bo rlic Iimi-^,- -,.11 , • 

'!■• THE FIRST l)l-f. 


I^r. James Kipper is said to he tlie fii'st phytic 

, ; ,• • ''^ l-"'-^ly cn,ne as ea,-h:"a;. o,- 'i ^ ii^'p'^s^o^ ''^l^; ^f^ 

have heen a ,™„ ot very ordinary ahiHty an.l ^ crv lit.le prnf...i, „,;„;" ,," 
■:;;r'^ ^-■^- -— ^^'' ■-'-■----■Mhe d^a^^^ 

Sylvan P.. .Morris, M ]) w-.s l„,ni ;„ W-, i,- , 
\ovemI>pr >, T- , \\a.shiii.oton cuunlv. I'eiinsvlvania 

house of Aietand^; x-:n :r: It!;,' .:;'Sn:::c:^:r ' /^'s:^ ^^ "' ^"^ 

ly two years hef<,re Shelhyvill. was laid out in ulv , "i^ n 'd"' """ 

.nechately n.oved to the new town of Shelhwnie^ re h t^.in ,ol TrnT 

h,s home until the time of his death. Septen,her A t^lV ]) rm" h ' ' 

two years residnice in Shelby county Ducl..r M. 'rri. j ractir. 1 n. r ] 

was active in all of the affair; of the comnntnin-. H J ^a! " en"!'-,-"" 
he county and the ,.„c physician of Sheibv count v.' nt wh„m\ e nv 

iiatnio from Jefferson Medtcal Colleg-e he opened an office at Lebanon O i 
where he ccnunuted in the practice of his profe.Mon until he ^ t, sS v 
county in 1 821. ^..uml lo ^nuny 

He was married to Catherine Knox, in Lebanon Ohio Mav - i^.-- 
she was born m Londonderry, Ireland in 1801 -n- 1 fh,^ ' '.i "■'' -"^ 

three children, Martha H.. John K a , tlvai ' V ^ ei;;^ ^.ll^'^'''^ ''^ 
resident and retired merchant of this citv ' ""^ ' 

resident and retired merchant of Shelbvville 

Doctor Alorris was an Assessor antl Land \i)nraiser in Sli.ll ^■ 
and in .8.8 and .S31 he was elected to repit^'f :".''•„;'':;;: J' 
Legislature. L. :8.9 he was elected Clerk of Sheibv countv.-ai tmu 

to serve the county ,n that capacity until ]-Y.bruarv, ',84^, when he re e 
only a lew months before his death. ' re.siyne.l. 

_ _ For that early day Doctor Morris' education, b,„b in literature and m 
.cine, was far ,„ advance of the time and he naturally t,.ok a promin'ent nl 
among- the citizens of the new countv an ■ ' muKiu pi 

le naturally took 

own, and was a pnuninent 



i.if the crmimuni 

ty until the time of his death. 

loss keciih- felt 

liy all of the citizens. 

A'ray was born i 

n Bunconilje cnuni)-, X<:irth C 

liana and loeate. 

d in Shell)y C' 'unty. near v 


the affairs of the c.>nimunity until the time of his death. His death w ; 
deplored and 

Dr. James \\ ray was Dorn. m jJunconiDe ciiun;_\-, .\<:irili Lardima. m i; 
lie came to Indiana and located in .Shell)y county, near wlicrc the Wra_ 
churches now stand in the early tweniies. I-"or a numher nf vcars he did con- 
siderable practice in the community where he icsided and also did .--ome prac- 
tice among the Indians. 

He was also a preacher and frequently preached in the neighb irliood and 
at different locations, near where he resided. 

For a number of years before he died he ijccupied his time in managing a 
large farm which he had secured in an earlv day. He dieil at the old home 
in Shelby county in 1869. 

Dr. Da\-id 'I" racy was one of the ver)- earl}- pioneer ])hysicians of Shelliv 
county. He Iricated at the ]\Iuths Crossroads, one and one-half miles west of 
Morristown in the early part of the twenties. This time is well established 
from the fact that he organized the first IMastmic lodge ever organized in 
Shelby county. This lodge, which was known as Lafayette Lodge. Xo. 28, 
Free and Accepted INIasons. was organized October 5, 1S25, and as no suitable 
hall for the meetings could be found in that locality the sessions were held in 
the second story of Doctor Tracy's house. He was the first worshipful master. 
The lodge continued with considerable prosperity for about three years, when 
it disbanded and later became Shelby Lodge, Xo. 28. Free and Accepted Ma- 

Flere the doctor and his family lived in a two-storv log house for many 
years. He endured the hardships of the early pioneer physician and aside from 
his professional duties he was prominent in all of the affairs of the new county 
which he had selected for his home. He died about 1840 or 1845, at the old 
home. He had a wife, two daughters — Sophronia and a I\Irs. Sophia Gordon, 
and one son, Isaac. 

Dr. Archiliald Smith came from Brookville, Indiana, in 1826, but notliing 
more is now known about him. 

Dr. Edward Beall probably came to Shelbyville about 1827, and wdiile 
nothing further is known positively of him an epitaph on an old tomb-stone 
in the oldest part of the city cemetery probably refers to him. It is as follows : 
"Sacred to the memory of Edmund J. Eeall. who departed this life March 16. 
1837. Age thirty-one years, nine months and fi\-e days." If this surmise is 
correct he was twent}--one years of age wdien he came here. 

John Y. Kennedy, 'SI. D., was born in X'orthumberland county, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1792. He received his eaidy education in the public schools of his 
native county, and later attended the Lewisburg Academy, from wdiich he 
graduated. He first studied medicine under Doctor Priestly, of Sunbcrry, 
Pennsylvania, who was the discoverer of oxygen, and was one of the original 



investigators Of that day. He tlien stu.lied for a time under Dr Johp Svu^ 
Dorsey, ot Phdadelphia. D-.ctor Dor<ey was one an.,n^ the n.o^t c eb;^;^ 
surgeons of America at that time, \fier hi. nrrhuv:rX- .n, ■ ..''.^^'^ 

he enured a medica, eoHege in Philadelphia. ^ndTfl^^^c . /"h 'p;: 

scnbed eourse graduated. He was a surgeon in the ^^•ar of ',Si/ a 1 af er 
the close oi the war returned to Pennsylvania, where l,e practiced Hci 
and surgery ,or several years. He first came to Shelbv e.nnuv in is' 8 and 

he p.acfced his profession tor a t,me. He then moved to Shelbvvillc where 
he opened an ottce and continued in the practice until a few vear. bet'ore 1 " 
death, when he retn-ed from practice and n.n-ed to Acton, Indiana wl'ere e 
hved until he ^^'as almost ninetv vears old. 

Doctor Kennedy was a of uncommon vigor of intellect, a good nlr-si- 
cun and an excellent surgeon for that early day. and an induential Incn 
He wasmai-ned to_:NPiry McKinney. also a native of Pennsvlvania. alxai " ^ 

dren. He died at Acton. Indiana, Julv lo ^88 > 

Dr. Samuel Randc^ph was on^ of the pioneer phvsicians and preachers 
ot Jackson township. He located there probablv alKait tlie rear iS n, or iS o 
an remained there until about t855. He was a preacher in tlie^ .? par te 
Rq. 1st church, and practiced .iiedicine m the comnvunitv where he resided 

S e :VS!"M^^^'"^'^"^ ^'-"^ ;S- --1 ^-"y locau^d at Bloomingt^n; 
\MKre he d ed. He was the grandtather of Dr. Daniel F. Randolph who i 
now located at \A aldron. He had a wife and a large familv of perhao re^ 

Z^Z nun "'; ''' ^K ""' '' '" '''' '' '-''-' ^^^ ^=-" P-->'"^ -'^ 

and took an active part m everything pertaining to its welfare 

Dr. ^^ illiam Silcox was born in Scotland and emigrated to this countrv 
at .m eai-ly day. He graduated from a medical college in Baltimore. He came 
to Shelby county and located at Freeport about 1830. and continued in the 
p.actice ot med.cme there from that time until his death about 184.. Al>ou 

vear '^'"1"^^ '° ^^''' ^"'"^' ^'''''^'- ^^'^^ ^^"-'-d him. and 'a few 
3 ears atter his death was married to Morris Pierson. father of Dr ^^- M 
P.erson. now of Alorristown. He was prominent in all of the enterprises "of 

l^tr::r f z '"■^^'' '""""^^^'"" -^ ^'^ ^-^'-^ ^^ ^'- -^ - "^-e 


Dr^ames M. Adams was born in Scott county. Kentuckv. lanuarv , ,. 
1820. He was the eldest m a family of eleven children born to Isaac aiid 


Xancy ( Polk) .\danis. Tliey came t.: liiiliana in 1825 am! l.icaied in wliat is 
now Hanc ick counly, wiiere tiicy omtiinied to live until 183X, when tlicy 
moved to Shell>y county. He moved with hi.< parents to Rush ciduit\' in 
1 84 1, where they remained for three years, when tliey again moved tn Slielh}- 
county, lie received his education in the puhlic sclnuils and hy study at In luie 
until he was able to teach. In 1S41 he was married to Miss Phcehe J. John- 
son, of Rush county, and from then until 1S50 he followed farming. In 1850 
he commenced the study of medicine under Dr. lliram Comstock. and con- 
tiinied under him until 1853, when he entered the Ohio Medical College, 
where he took a com^se of lectures. He then located at Pleasant View, where 
he practiced for a few months, when he nio\ed to I-'reeport, where lie contin- 
ued in the ]jractice f(_ir tVauleen years. In \S(<j he nnjved to \\'aliash county 
and practiccVl for seven years, when he returned to Shelby couiU_\- and liicatcd 
at Clarion (Xoah), where lie continued in the practice until his death. Sep- 
tember 16, 1894. 

]Mrs. Adams died June 18, 1864, and the following December he was 
married to Miss P.elinda Johnson. Pie was tlie father of thirteen cliildren, 
eight by his first wife and five by the last. He was a n-ieniber of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church for more than fifty years, and a licensed exhorter in 
that church for more than thirty years. He was always active in tlic Sunday 
scho,)l and paid especial attention to the music. 

David Hun.tcr Adams was born at Chillicothe, Ohio, in 1830. and grad- 
uated from the Ohio Tvled.ical College about 1866. He practiced medicine 
prior to his graduation at Johnstown. I'ennsyhania, for fciur or five years, 
and came to Shelbyville v.diere he practiced until the war broke out, when he 
enlisted as sitrgeon in the army and remained three }-ears. He caitie to Shelby- 
ville in 1S56, and after returning from the army located at Fairland. where 
he practiced for several years. He then moved to Edinbnrg where he 
practiced until a few years before his death, which occurred there June 
7, 1893. He was married ]\Iarch 11. 1S38, to Miss Allie J. ]\Iorris, and to 
their union six children were born. Two live here. Miss Kate and Frank. 

Dr. Joseph Ardere was located near the Copeland Mills on Flatrock for 
a few years about 1848. He boarded at Copeland's until he was married to 
!\Iiss W'ooley, when they mo\'ed to Harts^"ille, where he died some years later. 

\\'alter K. Baylor, }»I. D., came from Decatur county, Indiana where he 
had a large jjractice. to Shelby county, about 1880. He immediately located 
on a farm in Xoble township, where he continued in a small practice until his 
death about twenty-five years later. Althongh of rough exterior he had a 
kind disposition, and was considered by many to be a g'ood physician. 

He was married in early life and his wife died six months later, and 
after her death he alwa^'s lived alone. 

Dr. John \V. Belk was born Xovcmber 28. 1818, and died at Marietta, 

2o6 (.iiAiiw 11 k'v iii>tokv (ir .Niii.i.nv co., ind. 

Slidliy ounty. Iiuli;m;i, July 14, 1853. ^o locatcl at Marietta .luiin- the 
latter part of llie lliiniis. and coiitiiuKHl in iIk- aoiivo practice tlicn.- until the 
time ct his death. He married Miss .^Jartha Miller, who Mirvived him. His 
remains were huried in the old city cemetery, of Slulhyville. and the-^e dates 
were taken from the ti imb-stcme. 

Lovell M. Bruce was hnrn in New Castle. Kentucky. January S. 180S. 
He graduated from an Eclectic Medical ColIei;e either at Cincinnati or L.mis- 
ville. about 1S39. 

He practiced medicini!'- for a time at Xew CaMle. Bedford. ]jniisvillc. 
and Mount Sterlins;-. Kentucky, and ab.iut 1 Soo came, to Shelby county and 
located at ]\lount Anbm-n in Jackson tciwu-^hi]). where he continued in an ex- 
tensiye practice until the spring of 187-'. when he. with his family, moved to 
Shelbyville. He left Mount Auburn and came to Shelbyville on account of 
poor liealth. and never liad an extensive practice in Shelbyville. He continued 
to live here, howeyer. until tlie time of his death, October 6. 1873. His death 
was caused by a severe cold taken while making a midnight ride to see a char- 
ity patient in Jackson township during the winter of 1872. From this time 
he went into a decline and never again regained hi^ health. He was the son 
of Andrew J. Bruce, a Kentucky slave owner. Doctor j'iruce. however, was 
a strong I'nion man, and this was the principal reason lie left his nati\-e state 
and came to Indiana, when the war cloud was hanging heavily over the 
country. He was married July 29, 1847, to Miss Eliza J. McHenry. of X'evay. 
Indiana, who died in Shelbyville, Indiana. Xovember 25. i8q6. To their union 
four cliildren were born: Mrs. Georgia Rinehart. who is the wife of City Coun- 
cilman John Rinehart: ]\Irs. Ada Deitzcr, who was the wife of County Clerk 
J. H. Deitzer. now deceased: Clarence R. khuce. and the late I), ai C. Bruce. 
ex-City ^Marshal. 

Dr. Harvey Benham practiced medicine at Matmck. Shelbv cnuntv. for 
a number of years alnng about i860. After the death of D.ictor Treon he 
purchased the old Treon homestead and moved there, where he continued in 
the practice for some _\ears. He finally moved to Richmond, where he died 
some years later. He was married to the widow of Martin Warner. 

Daniel Booher. >.I. D.. v>as born in Shelby county, Indiana. August 24, 
1869. He received his literary educaii<_:n in the public schools of the county. 
He was raised on a farm and employed himself at that occupation until he 
was twenty years of age. when he entered the Ohio Medical College at Cin- 
cinnati, where he graduated in 1S94. He then located at Marion (Xoah), 
having purchased the oltke of Doctor Eowlby and practiced medicine in that 
\icinity until about i<;00, when he was comi)elled to change climate on ac- 
count of failing health. He then went to Colorado and practiced medicine 
until his deatli. wh.ich (;ccurred December 20. 1905. His death was caused 
by lung troidjle. His remains were brought back home and buried in Forest 
Hill cemetery. He wa'^ married to Miss Maggie Peters Sei)t ember 13. 1893. 

cuAUwicK s HISTORY o\- siiKiJiv Cd.. inh. 207 

Tliey liad n.. cliiKlrcn. lie was an cntluiHastic inoinlK-r of Cln!!..;! L(.ilg<;, 
Kni-ln.-, of IVtliias, and was liuriod nndcr tlic auspices o\ thai lod-v, 

Josc])h P.owlhy. M. ]).. wa> h .rn 111 c-unty. Indiana. I'diruaiy 17. 
1S54. Jlc was the youn;;c>t in a family of ei,L;iu chiKhcn hum i.. Dennis and 
EUza A. (,Cie-ar) liowlhy, who wcix- native nf New Jer-ey. 'lliey moved 
to Rusli coiiniy at an earl_\- da_\- ai;d reniu\cd !>■ Sheih\- ecpiintx- in iN()9, where 
tliey resided until their death. Me worked on a farm in the summer and at- 
tended the public schools in tlie winter until he was enough advanced in his 
studies tp teach school, which he did in Rush county for six terms, devoting 
his time to farming during the intervening summers. 

He commenced the -tn(!\ i.f medicine with ] )r. T.ot r.reen. ni Rushvillc, 
in 1880, and continued tii >iudy with him and at the Ohio ]\ledical College 
tintil he graduated in 1SS3. After graduating he located at Marion (Xoah), 
Shelby county, where he continued in the active practice until 1S94, wlien 
he moved to Shell>yvil!e and opened an oflice wliere he continued in the prac- 
tice until his death, Inne 28, igo^). 

He was a memlx-r of tlie P'resbyteriah church, of ilie !\ra>or.ic fraternity, 
and in politics he was a Republican, and in all of them he was active. April 
28, 1885. he was married to !Miss ]\[ary E. Yearling. He left besides his widow.- 
two daughters. Bertha and Bernice. 

Dr. E. T. Bussell came here to practice medicine about 1845 and con- 
tinued in the practice for a number of years. He was here during the cholera 
epidemic of 1850. and tre:iled many ])atients during this epidemic. He was 
quite a musician and an inventor <jf no mean ability. He had a number of 
patents, some of w hich were manufactured rather extensively. He bad a large 
family of children. 

Frank Gillespie Campbell, AI. D.. who was the son of Thomas ar.d 
Bridget! (Gillespie) Campbell, both natives of Ireland, was born in Johnson 
county, Indiana, February 2j. 1869. He received his education in the pub'ir 
schools and in Franklin College, \\-here he attended four years. He then spent 
three years in the Indiana ]^Icdical College at Indianapolis, where he graduated 
in 1S94. After graduating he immediately located at Shelbyville for the prac- 
tice of medicine, and cotitinued until the time of his death, October 2, 1908. 
He was an active member of the Eagles and Elks 1< nlges. He was never mar- 
ried, but resided with his mother. 

Dr. G. ]M. Collins practiced medicine at Xoah ("Marion), Shelby county, 
for a number of years along about 1870. He tu\'dly left there and went to 
the northern part of the state, where he died some years later. 

Hiram Comstock, ^l. D., was born in Madison county, Ohio, ]\Iarclt 17, 
1820. His father, James Comstock, was a native of ^"er^^ont, and his mother, 
Chloe (Bull) Comstock, was a native of Connecticut. They came to Ohio at 
an earlv dav and lived first in Madison countv. then moved to Hamilton 


l1.i;v c< 

county, wIkto Hiram -icw t*. nianh.,.,! an<l finallv ni.AO.i to Muiit-cnicry 
county. It ^vas here that llifam coiiinicnccl the study ,-i' medicine untler liie 
instructions of hi< lather, ^^hn was a pliysician. and continued his studies until 
he was quadilied. to practice. He coniiuenced the practice of his profession nt 
Greenfield. Indiana, in 1843, and continued Uiere until 1846. wlien he lirsl 
came to Shelby county and located at Freeport. After practicin- a; I'rec- 
port for a year or two he entered the Ohio INlcdical Collctj-e and continued his 
studies there until he oradu.ucd in ^laich. 1849. After j^raduatinq- he re- 
sumed his ],ractice at l-ree]).nt. and continued to jiracticc there until 18^5, 
when he reniove<l to .Marietta, this county. Here he enjoyed a lar-e j)ract'ice 
lor many years and in thi> neighborhood he continued 'to' live untd the time 
of his death. March 11. 1888. 

He was a member of the Methodist church and of the liidrpendeiu Order 
of Odd I', and in politics a Repui)lican. He was married three times, 
first to Rebecca J. Mill> in 1843. '>vho died in 1851 : then to Xancv E. :\Ior- 
g-an 111 185J. His secon.l wife died in 1836, and in iS'^j he was ao-ain mar- 
ried, tliis time to Lucy A. McCrea.'who survivcl him "two weeks.' He was 
the father of si.K children, three each by his first and last wife. 

Doctor Ciew came here from Ohio, and was in partnership for a I'ow 
years with Dr. J. C. Slocum. After the di>sohnion of the partnership he went 
back to Ohio nid died there ^:)me years later. ' 

E. E. Cripen, M. D., was born in Xew York, julv ^3, 183-v He grad- 
uated from the University of thfr City of Xew York in 1S57. He located at 
Blue Ridge ( Cynthiana ) for the practice of medicine in 1S85, and remained 
there for about three years, when he remo\ed to Milrov, Rush countv, where 
he died a short time after. 

Doctor Cf.ibertson practiced medicine here for a few years along about 

Doctor Cull is mentioned by a former Shelby county history, but nothing 
more could be learned of him. 

Dr. Richard Cummins was another of tlie pliysicians who practiced medi- 
cine ill Shelby county during the thirties. He came here, probably about 
1830, and died here some time near 1840, while yet in the prime of life. He 
was married to a daughter of John \Valker. his wife being a sister to the wife 
of Doctor Teal and Doctor McCoy. He lived on the southwest corner of 
Harrison and Pennsylvania streets. He had no children. In politics he voted 
with the ^^■Iligs. He was one of the leading physicians of that day, and had a 
fair share of the practice and stood well in his community. 

Samuel Davis Day, ^l. D.. who was prominent in the medical profession 
m Shelby county for almost a half century, was born in Dalton, ^vlassachusetts, 
March 2. 181 1. of sturdy Xew England Puritan stock. His parents were 
-Aniasa and Hannah Day, wli.j were natives of Giiinecticut. but who in early 


lite settled near ritislielil. Massachuselt-. where they spent the remainder of 
their lives. Of these itareins Samuel 1). \\:'.> tlie third in a f.imily of five 
children, three sons ami two daughters. l>aring the winter months he at- 
tended the ilistrict schools of his ncighljorliood, which were jifenerally taught 
by the students of Williams College, who were tine classical scholars, thus 
giving- great advantage to the pupils of the district school-. During the sum- 
mer months he attended the riitsfield Academy until he arrived at the age of 
fourteen. By this time he had become pr.Micient in the diifercnt branches of 
the English langiiage as well as a good Latin scholar. In US24 lie entered 
the oftice of his brother. Dr. Jonallum Day. of Syracuse. Xew "S'ork. where 
he remained/ until 1830. when he entered Berkshire Medical College, from 
which he graduated in December. 1S31. Karly in 1832 an effort was made 
to prevent tire spread of ciiolcra in Xew York, and Doctor Day was appointed 
(|uarantine physician and located at French Creek on the St. Lawrence river, 
where he remained until August of that year, when his brother. Doctor Jon- 
athan, died of cholera. He then returned to Syracuse to settle his brother's 
estate and remaineil until 1834. Tlie next two years he spent in Ohio as a 
traveling salesman, selling surgical instruments. In 1836 he came to St. 
Omer, Decatur county. Init soon moved to Milroy, Rush count}'. He remained 
there but a short time, when he moved to \\"ilming-ton, Dearborn, county, 
where he remained until 1838. He located in Shelby ville in 1838, where he 
remained until his death July 23, 1893, He continued acli\'e in the practice 
of medicine in Shelbyville for forty years, or until 187S, when he retired from 
active practice on account of failing health. Doctor Day always enjoyed an 
extensive practice and took an acti^'e interest in all public affairs. Although 
the fees received for medical services at that time were never large, he ac- 
cumulated considerable property and lived in comfort during his declining 
years. He was an enthusiastic Democrat and active in ixjlitics. although a 
strong L'nion supp'urter dm'ing the war. On October 28, 1847. he was inar- 
ried to Miss Jane Thompson, of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, who was a cousin 
of ex-\'ice President Thomas A. Hendricks, Xo children were ever bun 
to them. They were active mernbers of the Presbyterian clmrch. 

Doctor Davidson is mentioned as having been located in Shelb}'ville in 
the practice of medicine along about the thirties, by a former Shelby county 
history, but as nothing can be learned about him it is probable that he was 
not here long. 

Dr. Richard Depew lix'erl in St. Paul, but did a large practice in the south- 
east corner of Shelby county for many years. He left there about 18S8, and 
v.-ent to Indianapolis, where he died some years later. 

Dr. James Dorsey was located in Shelby county at St. Paul from about 
18G0 to 1S70, in the practice of medicine. He was an influential citizen and 
a good physician, and had a large practice. He was a prominent member of 



the Metluxlisi cluuch aii.l in politics a Rquiljlican. He inoxctl away froiii St. 
Paul and later died. 

Dr. John Dirscy practiccdi medicine at W'nldron iVir a few years ab.iut 
'.he time >.f the clo>e of the war. He tlicn left that Incahiy and died some 
years later. 

Ithamar H. Drake. M. D., was lx>ni in Warren O'uniy. Ohio. September 

4. I(Sj8. I lis father was a farmer and c^ne nf the pioneers of Ohiei, nanieil 
Peter Drake, and a native of Pennsyh-ania. His mother was Sarah (.Merritt) 
Drake, and a native of Delaware. The Drake family was of English 
descent and his ancestors came over in the ^ilaydower. lie was the sixth 
child in a family uf nine children, and with the rest of the family .spent his 
boyhcod ^l,•l_\ s in his fa^her'^ farm, wurking- un the farm in th.e summer and 
attending the public schools in the winter. He later entered the Lebanon 
Academy of Lebanon, Ohio, where he c niinued the ])ursin't of his education 
for three years, after \\hich Ite enieredi the law ufhce of Lauren Smith, of 
Lebanon, wb.ere lie studied law for one year. 

From 184N to 1831 lie was principal of Pearl River .Vcademy. of ?vladi.son 
county, MinnLS.nta, and on his return from Minnesota b.e Ijeg'an tlic study of 
medicine by entering the office of Doctors Halangen and Drake, of Lebanon, 
Ohio. He then entered tlie Cleveland Medical College, from which he grad- 
uated in 1S33. Soun after lie graihiatcd he came to Brick Chapel, J'uinam 
county, Indiana where he remained in the practice for lifteen years. He then 
reir.oved iv Delaware. Ripley count}-, w here he opened an office for the practice 
of medicine, and continued at that location until he removed to Shelbyville 
in 1880 and continued in the practice until the time of his death, December 

5, 1900. In 1853 he was married to ]\Iiss Christiana Morrison, of Cleveland, 
Ohio, a native of Scotland, born in 1832. They are the parents of three sons. 
viz: Lauren, Doctor ]vIorris and Frank, the latter two being residents of 

Elijah S. Elder. M. D. was born in Dillsborough. Indiana. ^larch 17, 
1841. He was the son of Dr. Samuel F. Elder, one of the early pioneer 
ph.ysicians of Alcunt Auburn. Shelby c mnty, Indiana. The family was of 
English descent. He came to }vIount Auburn with his parents at an early day. 
and receixed his early educati'ju in the public schools of that community, and 
at tiie age of eighteen began teaching scliool and taught fur two years in Shel- 
by county, and then clerked in a store at ^Mount Auburn for tw) years. He 
tlien ccmmenced reading medicine with his father, and in 1865 entered the 
Ohio Medical CoIIeg-e and graduated from the institution in 1867. He began 
the practice of medicine in 1867 at Morristown, Shelby county, and c<)ntinued 
thereuntil 1875, He then entered the Bellevue Hospital ]\Iedical College, of 
Xew York, and graduated in 1876. He was the first vice-president of the Shell)y 
County Medical Societ}-. organized in 1868, and as Secretary of the State 

CHADWKK's ]IIST()KV (IF Slll.l.r.V (.().. IM). 211 

:\Ieilical S(-ciety orgaiiizdl tlie ].re-oin Medical Snciety of Sliclbv cmmy, 
w-hkU was cirsanizi-.l in 1888. While Lvcateil at .M.-rristown he was a iiieniber 
of tlie RiT^h Count\- Medical Suciely and was president durin- 187^74. lie 
was secretary of the Slate .Medical S:A-iety for fifteen vcars prior lohis deatli, 
and elected president of that body nnly a few hours' liefore liis death. ]"or 
ahnost twenty years prior to his death he was a lecturer in the Indiana Med- 
ical College. He had a good mind, an unusual amount of eners^-v, and was 
prominent in e\ ery organization with which h.c was connected. lie died at 
IndianajKilis May 19. i8y4. and is sur\ived by his wi.Iow. wh.. re>ides in In- 
dianapolis. He was a strong and useful man. an excellent phvsician. a first- 
class medical teacher and a good organizer, and his untimely death was a 
great loss to all with whom he came in contact. 

Dr. Samuel F. I-:Mer came froiu Dillslx. rough. Indiana, to Mount Au- 
burn. Shelby C(. unty. soiue time near 1850. lie wa~ an ;\cti\e practitioner of 
medicine, and an inlluential citizen muil the time uf his death, about 1870. 
He was the father ni Elijah S. Elder. He was a member of the Shelby 
County Meilical Society, organized in 1808. He died and was buried at 
]Mount Aulnirn. 

James O. Esjiey. M. D.. was born in Rural \'alley. West X'irginia, aliout 
1S45. 1I<-" located at iM.untaintown. Shelby county, in 1868, and practiced 
medicine there until 1880. when he attended th.e Indiana Medical College and 
graduated from the institntinn. He then moved in Palestine, where he con- 
tinued in the practice until the time oi his death, ali.iut 1886. He was married 
to Jose Harper, who is yet living. 

Shadrick L. Ferce. M. D.. was Ixirn about 1830 and located at Loudon. 
Shelby county, for the i)ractice of medicine about 1861. and continued in the 
active practice there until 1879. He then moved to Indianap ilis. .wdiere he 
■continued to live luitil abotit 1900. when he died of pneumonia, aged about 
seventy years. He matriculated in the Indiana IMedical College and graduated 
from that institution abnut 1875. having studied and i)racticed medicine for a 
number of years previous to his graduation. He was ma.rried and had three 
children, two of whoin are yet living. 

Dr. Charles Fishback came to Shelbyville to jiractice medicine shortly 
prior to 1850, and remained a number of years. He then moved to Indianapo- 
lis, wdiere he died abnut 1863 or 1864. He was a man of fine plivsiipie. of 
untarnished character and very infiuential in the immunity. He was well 
educated both in literature and medicine, and a good ])hysician, and had a 
good practice. He was a member of the Presbyterian church, and while here 
was affiliated with the church of that denomination in Shelbvville in an 
oflicial way. 

George \\". Fleming. M. D.. was born in \\'a.-.hin.gton count v. Penn-vl- 
^•ania. October i. 1802. His fadier was a nati\e of that state, but '-i Scotch 

de-cent, his ancestor:^ Iiavinn- ..ettlol in ClK-.lcr countv. 1 Vnn^vlvania al an 
early date. He received his educatiMU in the puhh-c sclioolsuf hi^ native C:inntv 
and m W n.^hington College at Washington. renn>vlvania. lie gradnalc-d 
■ frum Washington College in i8_'2. and immcdiatclv i,egan the stndv'" of medi- 
cine under Dr. James Straus, of his native cnuntv. ' He' then studied' and prac- 
ticed u-ith Doctor Stevens, of \^•ashington. I'ennsylvania. for a term ,.f fun- 
years, after which he graduated from a medical college of that vicinity Tie 
first came to Shelby ville in !X;,o, and remaine.l two years, and while here did 
much surveying ,„ the cnunty. He returned to PJnnsvlvania and practiced 
medicine until 184c). when lie again came to Shelbv countv, where he remained 
until his death, ^larch Ji, 1S64. During his time in Shelbvville he had the 
reputation of being a scholarly gemleman. and an eminent physician. He died 
from blood-poisoning received while attc^iding a patient in 'this county He 
was married to Belinda McCrew. a native o^f Pennsvlvania. who was l.r.rn 
Xovcmber 23. 1807. To this union two children were born, viz: d'homas W. 
and Dr. George W., both now living in Shelbvville. 

Dr. John S. Forbes practiced medicine at Shell)vvillc along about the 
same time that Doctor I-'reeh practiced— proljal,ly from'ncar 1840 or 1845. to 
near 1867. He did not continue in the practice 'here until his death, however, 
as he left here and went to Indianapolis, where lie continued in the practice 
for a time and dien went to Philadelphia, where he died. He was a good 
physician and commanded a large practice for many yea: s. He was also a'cti^•e 
in public afT;iirs and was a member of the School" Board of Shelbvville when 
the Frankdin Street school building was burned down rebuilt. The directory 
shews that in i860 he resi.ld on Fast Broadway, near where the Caiholic 
church now stands. 

Joseph Francis. 'M. D., was born in New Jersev, Tanuary 8. 1837. He 
read' medicine and began practice in Fountainto'wn. in 1863. 'Hc entered the 
Ohio Medical College and graduated from that institution hi 187-,. He then 
practiced in several different places, but finallv located at ^lorristown, where 
he died in 1893. He was married ^larch u, 1868, to Sarah ^lutz, who sur- 
vives him and later was married to :\Ir. George Kinslev, who lives two miles 
north of Shelbyville. 

Dr. Frank Free located for the practice of m.edicine on Flatrock river, 
near the cave, during the latter part of the f<;rties. After a year or two he 
moved to Xorristown_, and a little later to Flatrock. He practiced in the south 
part of the county for twelve or fifteen years, and later moved to Indianapolis, 
and died some time during the eighties. While living at Flatrock he was 
married to Miss Mary Woolcy. He was reputed to be a good phvsician and 
a very fine man. 

Michael Freeh, M. D.. who was born Ajiril 5. 1795. in Germanv, came 
to Shelbyville. Indiana, some time near 1840. and continued in the i)ra'ctice of 



lerc until tlu- limi- of liis dcali. December .v 1^74- Hi-' w;i> a typical 
German, an<l .-p.-ke a veiy hruken r.n-lish. bin willial he was well educated, 
and a good physician, lie was a man of strong i)Cisonality. .straightforward 
and free to speak his mind and c<in>er|ucntly made .some enemies, but at the 
same time made many strong friendship?. For man}- years he did a large 
practice, and much riding over the county. He at one time owned the ground 
where tlic First Xational Bank now stands, and the I'adrick block. He was 
considered eminently successful in the treatment ni snKilhp..x. 

George Gaskell, M. D., practiced in Shelby ville fen- a rnimber oi years be- 
tween 1830 and 1850. and died here some time prior to 1S50. He was mar- 
ried to ]\liss Jane Allen, a descendant of Ethan Allen, who was a native of 
^'irginia. They were married in \"irginia. which was also Dr. Gaskell's na- 
tive stale, and came to Indiana at an early date. They finally located at .Shel- 
byville. where they continued to live the remaimler of their lives. He was 
educated in the East, both in literature and medicine and was eminently fitted 
for the position he occujiied as an intluential citizen and leading physician. 
He was the grandfather of Hon. Charles r^Iajor. the author, who now resides 
in Shelbyville. 

Moses Rumsey Gilmore, M. D.. was born in Ohi", January 12, 1S32. 
His father, William Gilmore, was a native of Alas<achusetts, and a minister 
in the Christian church. His mother, Jane (Rumsey) Gilmore, was a native 
of New York. His jiarcnts moved to Sandusky county, Ohio, when he was a 
child, and there he grev, tci manhood, ^^■^,en he wa- twenty years of age he 
entered Anti^ch College at Yellow S]irir,gs. Ohio, and continued to attend 
school there and teach school alternately for four years. He flr;-t commenced 
the study of medicine under A. \V. Hartmen. 'M. D.. and in the fall of 1857 
he entered the 3iledical Department of the University of Michigan, whe'-e 
he took one course of lectures and then commencd practice in Fulton countv, 
Ohio. In 1859 he returned to Ann Arbor and look his second course of lec- 
tures and graduated in i860. He practiced in Illinois for about one year and 
in 1862 entered the army as acting assistant surgeon, wn.ere he continued for 
one year. For several years after this he practiced at diiterent locations, part 
of the time at Fairland. Shelby county, and part of the time at Edinburg. John- 
son county, and in 1876 he located at Boggsiown. Shelby county, where he 
continued in the active practice until 1892, when he moved to Missouri, where 
he died December 24, 1902. His remains were brought from Wellston. ^Mis- 
souri. where he died, to Boggstown, and buried where he had spent so much 
of the active part of his life. He was also a graduate of the Central College 
of Physicians and Surgeons of Indianapolis, graduating with the class of 1864. 
He was married to Elizabeth Allen, a native of Xew York, December 28. 
1858, and three children were born to them. He was a member of the Pres- 
byterian church, and of the Masonic fraternity, an.d in ix'lidcs a Democrat. 



Dr. William P.. G:>nl, 



. Shell )v Ci 

-nnty. ]„- 


(I AU-U...I 

10. iNS(;. 

l>'.:n Ci 

uiuiy, liiil 

iana, ;u n 


in Union 


■y. J 1 

ere he \va 

.^ married 


l-Kirn four cliildrcii. 


he eanic t 

< ' Shclhv- 

wned 1 

l)y David 


diana. .Apnl ,6. 1830, and died in the same ne, 
iiis graniltather, Arehibaid Gordn,,. settled in 1 
very early date, and his father. Jojin M. r;„rdn 
Shelby county, jjefore the orq-anization <,f the c 
to Racliel L. Eennett, of Shelhv county, to uh 
\\ dham B. being- the second eldest. At' the a-e . 
vdle. wliere he entered the \'..lnnteer ufrk-e Uici 
and learned the printino- business He ax- „-!.■ . i .,, ,1 

..«.,i:5::;,u:;t'i:.;:j:n:™ "^- " '-- """^- --'">■ '--■- ^>■' 

" ,lli.'M,, F„„,, Green. M, D., ,vns b.,-„ in R,„|, eoumv. I.uli.-,,,-, -\,„il, l,e .nucHlcl ,he high school, of K„igh,„„„„ „„ S clb le „• c, 

tu^ h hi of " a Partnersh.p with Doctor Selman which continued 
iintH the tall ot iS,,, when he agam entered the Rush Medical Colle-e 
from which lie graduated in 18^6 \fter rr„,i„-„ino- 1, ^o 'e.^e 

Shellivvillp ^^-h-.,■^ 1 I . ''-^'^- _ -^"ei graduatmg he returned to 

e.K, uiat 01 a ph^Muan. j'or more than thirty years he enjoyed a larcr<. -,n,l 
xahuble propeitj. Soo„ alter, May f, ,856, he was n.arried .0 


Miss Jennie Doble, and to them two chiMron were; Afrs. Dr. Ic^-e 
Ruckcr. of Grecnsbtn- an<l Mrs. Charles Talnian. of Sh.elbyvihe. Doctor 
Green and liis wife were active and enthusiastic members of the First Metho- 
dist cliurcli of Shelbyville. ar.d the doctor was superintendent of the Sunday 
school of that church for many years. D.xncr Green was <<-: a kindly di^p.'i^i'- 
tion and generous in liis imjjulses. and held in tlie hi.^hest esteem boil, as a 
pliysician and citizen. 

James W. Green. M. D.. a native oi Rush oiuntv, In'hana, was born Feb- 
ruary 5. 1825. and died at Shelbyville. Indiar.a. August 3. 1897. His father, 
Lot and Anna (Cooper) Green, were natives of Kentucky," but the Green family 
originally came from England during the early history of this country, lames 
W. was the eldest in a family of eight children, five sons and three daughters, 
and was rearc<l on his father's farm in Rush county, where he worked on the 
farm during the summer months and attended school during the winter until 
he acquired a good common school education. He bes.;an the study of modi 
cine in the office of \\'illiam Frame. :M. D., at Rushville. Indiana,' and tb.ere 
continued his studies until 1847, ^v'lCii he was licensed to practice medicine bv 
th-e Fifth District Medical Institute. He later attended the Rush :\Iedical Col- 
lege of Chicago, and graduated frum that institution in 1S56. From 1836 to 
1S86 he practiced medicine at Arlington, Rush county. Indiana, where hecom- 
rnanded a large practice and was esteemed as a successful physician and an 
honorable citizen. After the death of his brother, William F. Green, in 1886. 
he came to Shelbyville and took charge of the large practice which his brother 
had commanded for many years. This was September i, 1S86. and he con- 
tinued in practice here until shortly before his death, eleven years later. He 
was united in marriage to ^lary Gowdy, also of Rush couiitv, and to tliis 
union twelve children were born. 

Doctor Greenlief came to the neighborhood of tlie Cave about 1S46, and 
boarded at Copeland's and practiced medicine for a short 

David Handy, M. D., was a graduate of Starling Medical College of Co- 
lumbus, Ohio, of the class of 1865. He located at Flatrock, Shelby countv, 
for the practice of medicine in 1866, and remained there for a vear or two 
and then went south, where he died some years later. He was unmarried uhile 
a resident of Shelby county. 

William S Hargrove. M. D., first studied medicine with Dr. I. G. Wolf, 
of Morristown. and later graduated from Starling Medical C'jllege of Colum- 
bus, Ohio, about 1S65. He located at Shelbyville! for the practice of medicine 
about 186G. and remained about two years, when he moved to New Salem. 
Rush county, Indiana, where he practiced medicine for many years, and died 
later. While practicing here h.e was i)hy;icia;i at the poor' house of Shelbv 
county for one year. He was married to Mrs. Fannie (Wood) Thomas. He 
and Doctor Handy, who h.cated at Flatrock, were graduates of the same class, 
and strong friends. 


ciiADW ick's msTOiiv n:- siii-i.nv co.,, ixi). 


icun- Hark- was aiKydier ph_\ Mcian of alxnit tlic sa:iie ])fri..d a^ D 'Cti.)! 


al.unit 1^41, and in fact practiced witli him f' ir sc\-cral years, aiul al 

the sail 

le time huarded with his family. He practiced in tlr, same locality. Ht 

had pr; 

icticed hut a few }e:;rs when a hi.;it in whicli he was rnwiiig' nn hdat- 

rock ri' 

cer npset and he was th-owned. 


■ctcir i];irris 'ii. a son C)f (^ieneral HarriMjii. is .lu-ntioncd l.y a formei 


county hi-tiiiy. Init ii" one could lie found who kiKw auMhiiiq- of liim 

and it i 

is 1). is<ihle that the former mciitii'm is inc^jnect. 


. M. Hess. M. 1)., was Ijoni in Xovember. 1S40. in Henry county, In- 


He atteiukd a course of medical lectures in i<S6<S. and then practicei. 

medicine in Hancock county until 18S4. and then in California until 1889. He 
then entered the Central College of Physicians and Surgeons at Indianapolis, 
and graduated in 1890. In 1890 he located at Morri>town. and practiced 
medicine there until 190O. when he moved to I'rtep'irt and practiced until the 
time of his death, in August, 1908. He was married three times, and is sur- 
\'i\'ed b_\' the last wife and two daughters. 

Dr. Jacob IIonil;erg was born in Germany, and emigrated to America in 
an early day. He crossed the ocean in a sailing vessel, and was six months 
in crossing. He located fijr the practice of me.lici'.ie in Sholhy\-i!le. Indiana. 
some time during the thirties, and practiced medicine here inv a number of 
years, probably until abi.ut 1850. He is now remembered only by a few of 
the oldest citizens, among them James Bennett, of West Washington street. 
Mr. Bennett, then a lad of twelve or fourteen years of age, wdiile hauling wood 
with an ox team, had his thigh bone broken and Doctor Homl.ierg treated 
the fracture. In dressing the injury he used leather splints, and strapped the 
patient's shoukler to the head of the bed, and the f'-.ot c f tlie injured limb to 
the foot of the bed. The treatment was successful as the results were equal 
to those secured Ijy the be?t surgeons of today. He was educated in Germany, 
and well prepared for the practice of medicine and had a good practice. He 
was a member of the Presbyterian church, and in politics voted with the Wdiigs. 
He finally left here and moved to Indianapolis, wdiere he died some years later. 
He was a bachelor and lived wdth his brother. Fred Homberg. and for a time 
they lived in a frame house on the south side of the scjuare. where the Moilel 
dry goods store now stands. 

C. P. Jennings, who was a minister in the First PresbMerian church from 
1866 to i86g, practiced medicine in a number of families during his residence 

Thomas S. Jones. M. D.. was b'.irn in Kent county. Delaware. June 29, 
1843. ^^^ ^^"'■'■'^ the son of George and iMarv (Ford) Jones, of the same state. 
Iiis father having been born in 1803. and his mother in 1809. He secured 
his literar_\- education in the public scIuhjIs of his native cminy, and early in 
life decided to studv medicine, and in 1864 he entereil the office of William 

CHAin\lCKS JJiSTuRV OI' SlU.l.r.V CO.. INI). 21/ 

B. Maloncy. M. D.. of llazlctville. Delaware. wIktc lie inrrsued his studies 
iinlil 1866, when he enieiecl Michi<;an L'niver.-ily and remained for one year. 
He tlien became a student of the University of Pennsylvania, and graduated 
from that institutirqi in iSf'iS. Immediately after graduating he cnmirienced 
the practice of his profession in Marydell, }ilaryland. and continued at that 
location for one year, then came to Shelby county. Indiana, in 1S69. On 
coming to this county he located at Flatrock. where he soon built up a large 
practice, which he retained until he was elected Clerk of Shelby comity in 
18S6. lie then ninved to Shelbyville and continued to sen-e in that office 
until the end of his term in 1S90. After his term as Clerk was ended he opened 
an office for the practice of medicine in Shellnville, and again soon built up 
a large practice, which he retained until he was stricken with paralysis a few 
weeks before his death, which occurred A])ril 2. 1903. He was a member of 
the [Masonic fraternity and a member of the ^let'nodist Episcopal churcli. and 
always had a keen interest in these organizatitjns as weh as in all pul.ilic af- 
fairs. I'ersonally he was of a positive make-up. warm and loyal to his friends, 
and a hard fighter against those whom he thought to he wrong. He was mar- 
ried to ]\Iiss Kate Struble, of Bartholomew county, Indiana, in 1S78, and to 
them three children were iKirn, viz; !Mary E., .Stanle)- and Herbert C. 

.Samuel -\. Kenneiiy, ]\I. D., was born in Xorthumberland county, Penn- 
syh-ania, March 20, 1835. Here he remained until he v.'as eighteen years of 
age attending the pulilic schools and Lewisburg Academy until he had com- 
pleted his literary education. His great grandfather. James Kennedy, was a 
native of Ireland, and emigrated to this country, locating- in Mar}-land. before 
the Revolutionary war. where his g'randfather. .\ndre\v Kennetly, was born 
and grew to maturity, and remained until 1792. wlien he moved to Xorthum- 
berland county. Pennsylvania. Here his father. Andrew, grew to manhood, 
and was married to X'ancy ]Mc?iIullan. of that state: they were the parents of 
twelve children. Samuel A. being the fifth. In 1853 Samuel A. came to Slielbv 
county, where he continued to make his lunie until his death, August 22. 1900. 
Immediately on coming to Shelby county he entered the office of his uncle. 
Dr. John Y. Kennedy, and commenced the study of medicine. During the 
first winter he taught school and during the winters of 1854-55 he attended 
lectures at the Ohio Medical College ; the next winter he again taught school, 
and in the winter of 1856-57 he again attended lectures at the Ohio 
[Medical Cijjlege. wdiere he graduated in the ^pring of 1S57, on 
March ist. After graduating he located at Fairland. where he prac- 
ticed for two years and then moved to Shelbyville in 1859. where he continued 
the practice of medicine until a short time before his death. During nearly 
all of tli()=e years he had a large practice and w;!S held in the highest esteem 
by all who knew him. As well as being a good physician, he was a gc-od busi- 
ness man. owned a good farm and other valuable pr. ipcrty. On June 17. 1S57. 

2iS chadwick's msTORV OF sun.r.v co.. ixn. 

he was niarrifil tii Afiss l^liza M. Kcnnoiiy, a <Ian-!it(.T :if JmIiii V. K'eiincilv. 
M. ].)., and Id tlioni six children were bfirn. h\e sons, lames C. ]}y. 'I'linnias C. 
Dr. Samuel ami Dr. William 11.. all now livin- in .^'helby omnly. an.l Doctor 
Donald, who died at Denver. Colorado, a few years since.' and Miss .\nna. who 
died in Shelbyvillc in 190S. 

Dr. Clempson B. Kennedy was born in Lawrence county, Inrliana. but 
was raised in the family of Dr. John Y. Kennedy. >ji .Slielln- county, lie coni 
menced the practice of medicine at W'aldron, Indiana, some time during the 
early part of the sixties, probably near 1864. and continued in the practice 
there until near 1S70. when he mo\-ecl to Topeka. Kansas. He later moved to 
Parsons, Kansas, where he made some judicious investments, and at the time 
of his death was wealthy. He was also active in the medical j)rofession of that 
locality. He died in 1908 at Erie. Kansas, where he liad gone for a visit from 
his home in Parsons, about seventy years of age. A wife, one daughter and 
one son survive him, and live in Parsons, Kansas. 

Donald Kennedy, ^I. D., was born in Shelby\-ille, Indiana, Apiril 7. 1873. 
He graduated froiu the Kentucky Scho(.l of Medicine in 1^94. He practiced 
medicine at Plomer. Rush county, for two }'ears : Cincinnati. Ohio, for two 
years, and at Shelbyville for one year. He then moved to Denver, Colorado, 
where he practiced until he died there [March 7, iQOi'x His body was cremated 
at Denver, and the urn containing the ashes was brought here and buried in 
Forest Hill cemetery. 

Reuben T. Lacock. M. D., was born at Mount Pisgah, Ohio, in 1830. 
He attended the Eclectic Medical Institute of Cincinnati, Ohio, and graduated 
in 1874. Immediately after graduation lie located at Fairland, Shelby county. 
Indiana, and formed a partnership with Doctor Lewis for the practice of medi- 
cine. He remained at Fairland for about four years and finally removed to 
Indianapolis, where he became prominent in the medical profession and con- 
tinued in the active practice until his death, which occurred October 22, 1906. 
While located at Indianapolis he lectured in the Eclectic ^^ledical College o' 
that city for a number of years. He was married Jutie 15, 1876, to Miss 
Ma.ry E. Harrell, of Fairland. They have two ch.iklren and the wid.ow also 
survives him and now lives at Indianapolis. 

Dr. J. X, Lee practiced medicine at Waldrou for th.ree or four years, 
along about the tiiue of the war. 

Doctor Lee, who came from Xonli Carolina, located at Lewis Creek, 
Shelby count}', for the practice of medicine along about 1884. He reiuained 
a year or two and then moved to Bartholomew county. 

Elliott ^^'esley Leech, M. D., was a native of Pennsylvania, and was born 
in that state Xovember 6, 1832. His parents were alsri Ij-irn in Pennsxdvania, 
and remained in the state of their nativity thrcaighout their lives. He left 
Pennsylvania, going to Cincinnati, Ohio, when about eighteen years of age. 

CIIADWICK's }IIS10K\' OV SHrl.iiV CO.. IN'l:. 2 


tn learn the sadiller's tnnk-. llis clucatioi-. \va< rccci.-od wli 


IjHc in his n;ai\c -late, and in ll'.c i-.ul);;c scli.'uls 


. During the fifties he attended 'ectin-es at a mcilical collei 


d alter ccnipleting tlie cour.-c moved to Dcca.iir,- CM.inly. 1 

})racticed medicine until iSj^o. when he removed to Shelh 


ucil iiracticinL; here. NNitli the e.xception of ab.:iut one \-ear ;r 

, Ku-li c mnty. and ali!>ul t\\'o years at Jniii;ina]iol!s. niuii t 


and commenced ti 
attending- the 
Cincinnati. Oliio. 
in Cincinr.ati, and 
diana, where he 
ville. lie cmtini 
a hall at Manilk 

time of his death, March 6, 1903. He also attended a course of lectures at the 
Louisville Medical College, from which he graduated about 1SS5. in .\\n\'.. 
1853. he was married to Elien A. Phalin. at Cir.cinnati. and to them fotu' chil- 
dren were born. 

Doctor Lewis practiced medicine at Fairland for several years alor:g 
about the sixties and seventies. 

Dr. Jasper Linville. a native of North Carolina, began the practice i.if 
medicine in a section of Shelby county known as the KingdoUi. ^v!iich in- 
chided a part of the northern part of I'nion tov^nship. and the southern jiari 
of Hanover township, along aixait the year 1804. He practiced th.-re for 
about a year, and then moved to Freeporl. \\here he continued in the practice 
until llis death, which occurred late in the VL'i'r i8;i. He wn^ mnnieil t:> 
^Irs. Sophronia Hughes, who was a dauglUer of David Tracv. one of the 
pioneer citizens of Shelby county. They had one daughter who died while y^t 
a child. He was a graduate of tlte Medical Department of the Unix ersitv of 
^Michigan at Ann Arbor. He was univcr-aih- esteemed for iiis high, character 
and genial disposition. 

Henry Long. ^L D.. graduated from the Eclectic Medical Institute a; 
Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1S62. After a year or two he located at Shelbyville, In- 
diana, for the practice of medicine and continued in the active practice foi a 
period of about ten years, when he left here and moved to Indianapolis, where 
he continued as a successful praclilicner until hi- death about 1907. During 
a part of the time he was located at Shelbyville he was in partrjcrship with Dr. 
J. W. Parrish. He was a bright man. a good; p!i}'sician. aivl hai.i a verv large 
practice, and accumulated considerable niun.ey while here. 

Dv. J. G. :\Liser. born at \'ersailles. Trance. December 2;.. 1807. died Sep- 
tember 30, 1S70. He was an astrologist. The f-iregoing epitaph is on a tomli- 
stcuie in the city cemetery. Doctor }\Iaser is remembered by a few of the okl- 
est residents as a very small, thin man, and he lived on the north side of Ln-t 
Washington street, just oft the square. Although he used medicine in his 
practice, it seems that he worked as a kind of mental healer, and was ac- 
credited with being a kind of charm worker. He had a brother who was heie 
at the same time in the shoe business. 

Dr. Jacob Ab;ore was born in Ohio about 18.31'). He located at l.i'nrlon, 
Shelby countv, for the practice of mchcine earlv m the fiftie.-. and contiivjcdi 


in the praclicc tlicrc until ;iluiut i.'^.-'). wlicn he died tliere. and \va? huried at 
Bofrgstown. ]le was married al> 'in 1854 i.) Mi>s Elizaheih Dfiile. who is 
now living on South Harri^cn street in She!h\\ille. She i< cight\-three \ears 
of age. 

David S. MeGaughev. M. D.. \vas hr.rn in Hamilton eonnly. Indiana. Oc- 
tober 24, 1S09. He was the son of David and Marv (Lytle) McCanghey. the 
father being a native of Ireland, and the m-.ther of Xew Jersey. lie received 
his literary education in the luililic schools and at the age of twenty-four be- 
gan the study of medicine with Doctor Guett, oi Montgomery, Ohio, an.d later 
graduated from the Ohio :\Iedical College. He commenceil the practice of 
medicine at Morristown, Shelby county. Indiana, in 1835. and continued in 
the active practice there for almost half a century, or until shortly jirior to his 
death, which occurred at ]\lorristown. March 17, 1884. During the war he 
was detailed Iw Governor :\lort!'n as hospital p'.iysician. and acted in that ca- 
pacity at the liattle of Shiloh. He was a member of the Presbyterian church, 
a member of the ^lasonic fraternity, and in politics voted the Republican ticket. 
He was the organizer of a class of singers known as the Old Missouri Har- 
niouy Singers, which liegan about 184C1. and continued singing at frequent in- 
terxals f ir many years, and at annual meetings until the doctor's death, .\fter 
his death the annual meetings have ccntinued, being led by Dr. James 'SI. 
Adams until his death, and since that time by others. These meetings have 
always been occasions of much importance in ^Morri.stown and vicinity. He 
was married twice, first in 1838 to ^^liss Amelia Handy, v.dio died in 1S74. 
and then in 1876 to ]\liss Martha Jane Handy, a sister of his former wife, 
who survived the doctor. He had four children, all born to his first wife. 
There were two sons and two daughters, the sons both having been cchicated 
for the medical professirm. Doctor McGaughey was one of the real pioneen 
physicians of Shelby county, and held a poiitiou of mucli influence in liis 
community for many years. He enjoyed a large practice and \\as a successful 
physician and at th.e same time a successful lju-=iness man and owned much 
valuable property. 

Dr. William W. I\IcCcy also practiced medicine in Shelby county durir.g 
the thirties. He probably came during the early thirties an.d left soine time 
during the forties. An old history of the First Presliyterian church of Shelby- 
ville shows that he was a member of the board of trustees of that church in 
1S39. when the first church of that denomination in Shelbyville was built. He 
also married a daughter of John Walker, she being a sister to the wife of 
Doctor Cummins and Doctor Teal. He lived on the northwest corner of 
Mechanic and Tompkins streets. He had a goo<l practice and was one of the 
leadiing pln-iciaris of that <la}-. He left here and died some years later. 

William Gaston ]\Icl-\adden. ^I. D.. was born in Centre county. Pennsyl- 
vania, on Ajiril 22. 1S34. He \\as oi Scotch-Irish descent, and came with his 


parents, llu-h and Isalicllc .Mcl'a.l.leii. t.. Shulliy cuiiiy when lie was f(.mr 
years of ai;e, and here he made his hnmc until ln-> de;ah. which occurred al 
Jacks' auille, hdorida. where he had .Qone to spentl the winter, on Aiiril .?o, 
1007. lie rercived his ])reliniinary education in the puhlic schnols of Shc!l)y 
c unity, and then spent three year.s in Franklin Colk-c. al'ter which h.e cnni- 
pletcd' his literary cducitiM,, in llannver C.ille-e. lie CMiiinienced his medical 
education h\' siicndiuL;- tw.. vcai's in the Mediical lV-]iartmcnt )f the rniver-itv 
of .Michi-an. and then attended the Jefferson .Medical Culle-e. whij'i 
insiitiitii n he graduated in 1870. lie hegan practice. howe\er. in ."^liclhv 
county, near Bogg-stown. in 1S56, and nii ned tr) Shelbyville in 1873. where lie 
continued in the active practice until he retired, a few years before his der'.th. 
]'"or UKire than forty ye.ars he enji^yed a knge practice, and at the time of his 
death he was in possession of much valuable properly. Soon after the war 
of the Rebelliem broke out he was commissioned surgeon, and entered the field 
in that command. During the second day of the battle of Chickamauga, he, 
together with lii> nurses, was captured by the enemy, lie was permitted to 
care fur his wounded for ten days, after wliich he was sent to Libby prison, 
wdiere he was kept in close confinement fur three months. He was then re- 
leased and again immediately joined his regiment and remained in the service 
until the close of the war. Soon after mc>ving to Shelbyville he was married 
to Miss Martha Sullivan, a native of Miami county,, and to this uniun 
two children were born. Dr. Walter C. McFadden', of Shelljyville. and Mrs. 
Edna Smith, of Rushville. 

George McGaughey. 'M. D., was liorn in Mi.irrist(iwn, Indiana. August 
11. 1S40. He was a son of Dr. David S. McGaughey, who settled at Morris- 
town, in 1835. He graduated from the Ohio ^Medical College about 1862, and 
from that time until his death he practiced medicine at Morristown, ex- 
cepting aljijut three years, w hen he \\'as located elsewhere. He was married in 
1S66 to :\Iiss Sarah Elizabeth \\"olf. wdio is now living at ^^lorristown. They 
became the parents r.f two children. Doctor McGaughey died at Morristown, 
June 6. 1880. 

Dr. James ]\Iorris was one of the real pioneer p'.iysicians of Shelby county. 
He came from Rush county about 1844. and nii pn ed into a little log Imuse 
near the Muyd faiiri on ]"latrock ri\"er. He then moved to Sulphur Hill 
(Geneva), and later moved to where the village of Xorristown is now located 
and built the first house ever built in that village. The town was named for 
liim, and has since borne his name. During the war he moved to Flatrock 
and conducted a store, but after the close of the war he moved back to Xorris- 
town and died and was buried there a few years later. For many years he 
did a large practice in that section of the country and was highly esteeined 
as a physician and citizen. Fle was married and had fi\'e children, four girls 
and one boy. 

■222 ClIAHW KK S )IIST()KV (il Mll.I.r.V C<\. IND. 

John W'cMcy l';irri>h. M. X).. was a naii\c nf X'ir.^inia. Inn lio came west 
wlun (iv.iie youno-. He was Imrn Ar.-u-l lo. i8j(i. and securi-il his early edu- 
cation in tlie pubh'c schools and in suidv at home. He learned the trade of 
caliinet-makcr and was a skilled mechanic. 13urinj^ his spare m 'ments he de- 
voted his time to the study of medicine an<l finally entered the l-"cleciic Medi- 
cal ]n>litute of Cinciiin-.ti. Ohio, where he -raduated in 1S57. He fust lo- 
cated at Xorth X'crnon for a short time, and ihen came to Sh,ell>_\ \ille. where 
he continued in the active practice until his death occurred. January 6. 1903. 
In politics he was a Democrat, but iit later years voted with the Prohibition 
party. He was a memlicr <A the I'irst Cliristian church of this city. He was 
married se\er;d times, and was survixcd l'_\' one son and one dauL;hter. 'J"he 
widow also sur\-ivcd ]-V,r a number of years he coiiducled a dru',;; slore 
and cig-ar manufacturing Inisiness and had a lar.oe business. Doctor Parrish 
was a good reader and always kept abreast of the times even until the last 
years of liis life. He had a good mind and was a first-class pliysician. and 
commanded a good practice during the entii-e fori\' \-ears that he practiced in 

X. C. Parrish. M. D.. was born at West Chester. Butler county, Ohio, 
August 17, 1834. He wn> a student and at the same time a teicher in tlie 
primar}- department of the Ijrook\-ille College in 1S55. He received l"is de- 
gree of Doctor of ]\[edicine in Cincinnati, in 185^1. and a short time afi.r that 
located at Shell.iyville for the practice :.if medicine. He became acquainted 
with -Miss Susan Jarrett. of Richmond. Indiana, w h i was at that time a teacher 
in the public schools of Shelby ville. and in 1863 they were married at Ricli- 
mond. one son being b-'m to them. About this time he left Shelby\-i!le and 
located at Richmoiul. and two years later he was arlmitted to the Cincinnati 
Methodist Episcopal conference, and Ijecame a minister of the (io>pel. He 
died at Richm 'iid. l->l.)ruary 15. 1875. 

Dr. John I'arsoiis. wdio was a member of the Eclectic School of Medi- 
cine, located at Wa'dron for the practice of medicine some time during the 
sixties, and remained tl-.cre for some eight or ten years. 

John I^erry. M. D., was born at Rochester. Xew ""I'ork. I'ebruary 16, 
1824. He recei\cd his education in the public sch'XiIs of his communiiy and 
by diligent study at home until he arrived at the age of iraturity. lie then left 
X'ew York and went ot Detroit. Michigan, where he remained for a time and 
finally settled in Ohio. Pie commenced the study of melicine at Defiance. 
Ohio, and after making- the proper preparation for that prcjfession. commenced 
to practice at Defiance, where he continued in the practice for a number of 
years. He finally eiiiered the Ohio .Medical College at Cincinnati, and grad- 
uated from that institution in 1864. He came to Indiana in 1865. and located 
at Siielbyville. where he continued in the practice until his death, January 26, 
1903. For many years he had a large practice and was always very consider- 


ate oi tlu- poor. He was jiensicn examiner for a minilier of ye:ir* and City 
Seeretarv (if the IJciaii! of Tlealil; at the time of his deaili. lie was married 
U> INliss'Mariah M. Xeville. <.f R.^imd Head. Hardin eountv, Ohiu. ahnut 
1855. and l> thi> uni..n two cliildren were horn; Charles H..'of Slielhyville, 
and Mrs. Emma O.^l;-. <<i ISostcm Ma-saehusetts. 

Hoetor Pratlier enmnier.ced the jiractiee of medieine at AIi unt Aulimai. 
soon after tlie close uf the war, a.nd continued in the |ir:.ctice there for a num- 
ber of years. He was a man of good, strong- mental calibre and physical en- 
dtn-ancc. He had an interesting family, consisting of a wife and two daughters. 

Dr. Robert Raynes was born February 14. 1S28. He stitdied medicine 
with Drs. James Lee and James Dorsey, ami began practice at ^^'aldron, In- 
diana, in i860, and jiracticed there for a time and at Blue Ridge for several 
years, and at Lewis Creek for se\-eral years. Aside from these Shelby county 
locations, h.e practiced at several other locations for various lengths of time. 
He was married April 2, 1848, to Miss Catherine Wells. They have five liv- 
ing children, three daughters and two sons. He died June 17. 1889, in Mad- 
ison county, and his wid^w mnv resides on East [Mechanic strict in Shelliy\-ille. 

Dr. John C. Ivichie was born at Cincinnati, Ohio, about ]8j6. He lo- 
cated at }iliddlet<-)wn for the practice of medicine abiut 18=; i. and removed 
from there to \\'aklron a year or two later, where he continued in the prac- 
tice until his death occurred in 1858. He was married to Miss Mary E. Sim- 
mons, who died in Shelbyville in T902. There are two sons, Charles yi.. v.dio 
now resides in Shelliyville. and John C. of Cincinnati. Ohio. 

Dr. ^\"illiam W. Rigdon was born abrait the year 1810. a.nd located in 
Van liuren township, Shelby county, at an earl}' da_\-. Lie \\ycd on a farm and 
practiced medicine and preached the Gospel for many }ears. He was a good 
phvsician and preached a good sermon, and was induentia! :n his community. 
He was a good reader and a good thinker, and of strong force of character. 
He was married twice and had two sons by each marriage. He was suc- 
cessful in business and accumulated considerable prnperiy and t>wned a fine 
farm at the time of his death, wdrich occurred at the i;!d home in \'an Buren 
township in the year 1879. 

Doctiir Robert.siin practiced medicir.e at Fairland for .several years just 
after the close of tlic war. 

[Milton Robins, M. D., who was one of the real pioneers of Shelby county, 
as well as one of the pirmeer physicians, was born in liillsboro, Ohio, Novem- 
ber 16, 1810. The Robins family originally came from Wales, and were 
among the early settlers of Xew Jersey. His, John Robins, was 
born in that state about the year I7r)0, and his father. I'hilip Robins, was born 
in \^'ashington county. Pennsylvania, in 1785, ar.d came tc Shelby county, 
Indiana, in 1821, where he remained until his death, ab:-ul fifteen years later. 
His mother. Xancy ( B lyd ) Robins, was born in Paris. Kentr.cky. in 1791, and 



died in SIh-IIiv cjuiity. Indiana, in i.'-^j 

■-('). Mihon was tlie elde.^l in a family 

of ten children, and c:inK- with h\> p; 

irents tu ."^iielby cennty, when he was 

eleven _\cars of a.L:c. His (uily school 

iraininr^ w•a^ recei\'ed in the schoi.^ls of 

Greenfield, Ohii>, hut after C(iniin<; {" ^ 

Shelby conntv, lie wnnld c 'ine from his 

home, ten miles in the country, ;ind ] 

n'l.cure bo. .ks from tlie Slielb_\- county 

lihrar}-. there Ijeiiig- no scln ols in his 

neighliorb<:od at that early 'Jdie 

books prcjcured were well sJecieil and 

carefnlly read, so that h.e became well 

edncated in the Eni^lish branches, and c 

onld read and translate Latin. In early 

life he <lecided to slndy medicine and i 

n 1S31 he bei^an the prelimir.ary pre;)- 

aration by enterinc^ the office of Dr. .^y 

Ivan B. Morris, at Shelby\ille. Indiana, 

where he pursued his studies until he was able to practice his profession. In 
1835 he was elected Recorder of Shelby county, and continued in that ot'fice 
luitil 1842, wdien he apain entered the medical iirofession. Soon after this 
he entered the Ohio Medical College, from which he gvaduated in 1844 He 
continued in the active practice from that time on until he was compelled to 
retire on account of the infirmities of old age. During a numlier of years of 
that time he also conducted a drug store. For about fortv years he had a 
large practice, often linking long rides on horseback to see his patients. He 
was a successful practitioner and a successful business man and active in all 
public affairs. He was a Republican and active in the councils of his party. 
He became a member of the ^Methodist church early in life and for many years 
was a member of the official board. He was married to Miss Frances Powell, 
daughter of Judge Erasmus Piiwell. of Dearborn county. Indiana, on the ist 
of ]\Iarch, 1836, and t-i tliis union four childien were born, viz: Alfred V.. 
Dr. James P., Milton P.. and Francis. After an active life of almost four- 
score 3"ears, nearly all of wdiich was spent in Slielliy county, he peacefully 
passed away on February 28, 1889. 

James Powell R':,bins, M. D., son of Doctor ?^[ilton and Frances (Powell) 
Robins, was born at Shelbyville, Indiana, December 9. 1838. His father was 
the pioneer physician of Shelby county. Fle secured his literary education in 
the public schools, including the high school of Shelbyville, Indiana, and at 
DePauw University, of Greencastle. Indiana. He later entered the Ohio Med- 
ical College of Cincinnati. Ohio, v.diere he completed the course and gradu- 
ated in 1876. After graduating he opened an othce for the practice of medi- 
cine at Shelbyville, and continued to practice here, excepting a few years in 
wdiich he did extensive traveling, until a short time before bis death, De- 
cember 21, 1903. Doctor Robins was a good reader and well informed in 
his profession. In ^lay, 1S66, he was married to Miss Harriet L. Sprague, 
of Shelbj'ville, and to this union three children were born. 

Samuel S.alisbury, ^l. D.. w^as born in Clinton coutity, Ohio, July 14, 
1S36. He was reared on a farm in his native C(junty. and attended the public 
schools during tb.e w-inter months. He then entered Asburv, now DePauw 


I'nivcrsity. and after cuniiilcting- a fi->ui- years" crair-e. nrailuatei.1. V\^\\\ the 
aire of tweiuy-une to thirty-one he prcaclied uii.ler tlie app. munierils i,f Cin- 
cinnati Methcthst Episcopal conference, liuwever. devoting his spare time to 
tlic study of medicine. Jn 1S69 he came to Shelljy county, Indiana, and first 
located at Freeport, wliere lie practiced fnr a number of years, after w hich he 
moved to I'ogo-stown. He practiced at EMO-o-stnun for a n.umber of years and 
then moved to Alorristown and continued in the practice. He left Shelln- coun- 
ty about 1890, having spent about twenty years in the county in the practice of 
medicine, althougli during this time, and particularly during his residence at 
Freeport, he frequently preached. He preached a good sermon and was a 
fairly successful physician. He was married to Miss Jennie C':iffman. June 5, 
1865. who was a native of Preble county, 01iii>, and l)orn August 6, 1844. 
They had four children. He was a Republican and active in politics, as well 
as in all of the affairs of his cnmmunity. After leaving Shelbv county he 
went to Cambridge City and died a few years later. 

Dr. Benjamin Sanders was one of the pioneer citizens and practitioners 
of Jackson township. He practiced medicine at ^bamt Auburn, and in that 
vicinity for a numljer of years about the middle of the last centurv. He had 
a wife and family, and was a good physician and an influential citizen. He 
died and was buried in the cemetery at >.bjtnit Auburn mariy years ag<i. 

Doctor James H. Sani'.ird was a native of Xew ^'ork. and was born about 
1840. \\ hen young he went A\'cst. but did U' 't locate at Shelby ville unt'l 
about 1880. He graduated from the IncJiaua ^Medical College about 1S87. 
although he had piMcticed medicme for s>ime years previous t' > that time. He 
continued in the practice here until the time of his death September 7, 1903. 
He was marrietl twice, once before coming to Shelbyville, and in 1885 to 
Elizabeth, daughter of the late John Toner, of Hendricks township, who sur- 
vives him. 

John W. Selman, ~S\. D., who was a son of Albert G. Sclman. located at 
Shelbyville some time during the eighties and practiced medicine for several 
years, when he removed to Greenfield, and died there in 1908. 

Dr. .-Vlbert G. Selman practiced medicine in Shelbyville from some time 
near 1840 to some time ne;ir i860. He was here during the cholera epidemic 
of 1850, and was active in tlie treatment of that disease throughout the entire 
ci)idemic. He was a good physician and a respected citizen. He was a mem- 
ber of the Masonic fraternity, and active in the work of that order. 

Dr. P. T. Simpson came to Alarion when Doctor Booher left, and re- 
mained there in the practice of medicine for two or tinxe years, when he moved 
to Slielbyville, and remained about the same length of time. He then left 
S!ielby\illc, and ilied a few years later. 

Doctor Skull practiced medicine at \\"aldron for several years, probably 


226 CIIADW U;k"s lUSTdKV OF SllllLr.Y CO., IXI). 

cluriny the laiter pari <.{ the sevemie.s or the ci'y,htic>. Ife iiimn cil : r. ,m Wal- 
drcMi to Leljaiioii. liuhana. wliere he died. 

Dr. John C. Slncuiu wa?; one of tiie ])rc:niinent phv^ieians of Shelbvville 
for a numlier of year.s. Jle eanie here ah. 'tit ilie time ni the clii?e of the war 
and was here a!>oiit fifteen years. He was an intelligcra man and a good 
physieian. and had a fair share of tlie praciiee wliile here. He left Iicre soine 
time near iSSo. and went to Orlandn. Morida, where lie lived for a number 
of years and later died ih.ere. 

Dr. Charles E. Sloenrn came from Defiance. Ohio, lu Slielljyvi11e_ alon.;> 
abi.iut 1S70. and practiced medicine with liis brother. J. C. Slocnm, iov a year 
or two aiu! tlien w eiit back to Ohio. 

Dr. John W. Smelser practiced medicine at I'o.f;L;>t<;wn fi .r a number of 
years bef.jre the war. pmljably from abiuit 1S50 to iSoj-O^. He was a grad- 
uate of Starling ]\Iedic:d College <<i C >lumbiis. Olii... He was a jin'minent 
Mason and organized the lodge at ]-"airlaiid and moved his niembersliip there. 
He was an elder in the Presbyterian church. He was an intelligent man. 
wealthy and influential. He moved f n m Bogg.stown to Indianapolis and died 
there some years later. 

Dr. Hezekiah Smith was born in Ohio in 1820. He attended the public 
schools of his native state and later attended a medical college at Dayton, 
from which he graduated alxmt 1S40, or a little later. Soon after graduating 
he was luarried to [Miss Catherine ]\IcFadden. of Ohio; diey were married in 
Ohic;, and soon after nnvcd to Illinois, where he practiced, medicine f. ir several 
years. He came to Indiana in ^^}<j. and immediately Kicated at Smithland, 
Shelby cnunty, v, here he continued in the practice uf medicine, with th.e ex- 
ception of three or four years that he was located in the northern part of the 
county, until the time mi his death in 1S97. He was the father of seven chil- 
dren, two — Clarence C. of Feniis. and George K.. >>i Jackson teiwnship. <till 
sur\'ive him. 

Dr. J. H. S])urrier practiced medicine at ]\Iarion (Xoah). Shelby county, 
for a i^:\\- years during the fifties. He never attended a medical college, but 
took a th' in iigh c urse of instructions under Dr. Da\-id S. ?^IcGaughey. of 
i\Iorristi.iwn. He was a member of tlie first medical society organized in Shel- 
by county in 1854. He luoved from ]\Iarion t>> IManilla, and later to Rush- 
ville, where he coiiliiuicd in the practice f.r many years, and died a few years 

James K. Steuari. M. D.. was born in Juhnsi)]! cuunty, Indiana, August 
24, 1849. He was the fifth child in a family of eight children born to James 
R. and Mary ( Pierce) Steuart. He resided on a farm until thirteen \-ear5 of 
age. wlien he entered an academy at Greenwood, where he remained twi) 
years, after which he spent a period of time at Hopewell in an academy. He 
taught school and attended Franklin C illege alternately for four years, after 

CllAliWICK S Hl>liM<V UV SUKI.nV CO., IXI). 22/ 

wliicli lR-c..nimcnce.ll!ie Study of nie.licinc under Dr. P. W. I'ayne of Frank- 
lin, where lie continued hi- stud;e> f'.r X\\<< yen-. In OeinhLr >'i 1807. he 
entered the Medieal l/niver-iiy .>f Loui-ville. ami t<"-k one course of lecture-, 
after whicli he a.L^ain c ntinued his studies with Doctoi I'ayne. A year later 
he entered^ the Ijhnd asxlnm at Indiianaimli- as jjrin.cipal teaclier. where lie re- 
mained fur two }ears. In the meantime, hcjwexer. he ini])ro\ed ever}- uppor- 
lunit}' hy attending lectures and sttiklying medicine ai hi- leisure moments. 
He then once m ^re returned to l-"rank!iii, and, studied for a time under his old 
preceptor, ami in Marcli. 1873. he came to this county and located at Fairlaud, 
where h.c entered the practice of medicine and continutd as an active and suc- 
cessful practitioner for a numhen" of years. In i8Sj he entered the Ohi.i Med- 
ical C<illege. and in tiie sjiring of 18S3 graduated froni that institution. He 
then returned to l-\airlaml and continued in the practice of his profession until 
a sh(:irt time het'ore !iis tlcath. when lie c.Tme to Shelbyville and opened an 
oftice. Ijut ilid nint li\e long enough to ;ic<juire a large practice. He died in 
Shelb}'ville. September i, 1S99, and was buried near where he had spep.i most 
of his life, at Fairland. He was married twice, the first time to Miss Joseplnne 
I'. Thomas, wlio died August 3. 1881. and tlie sec'^nd time te; IMiss Jennie A. 
Wharton, wdio is also died. He had one son. Arthm- T.. ln.irn Augu-t .2;. 
JS77, who died in California about three years ago. He was a good physician. 
a member of the Masonic fraternity, and a member of the Fresbyterian church. 

Dr. E. H. Stccton came from Femberion. Ohio, to Shelbyville some time 
during the latter part of the fifties. He attended school, taught schj'o], at- 
tended medical college and graduated, and then practiced medicine in his na- 
tive state Ijefore coming to Inditma. He was a man of fine appearance an.d 
good address, and soon commanded a g(;od practice. He remained here in 
active practice until after the cbse of the probably about 1866, when he 
went to the Xorthwc -t. He was successful there, and died only a few years 
since in iJo-se--i(jn c>f much valuable propert}". 

Dr. Nathaniel leal was born in the year 1803. and came to Shelby cotmty 
and located at Shelby\'ille for the practice of medicine early in the thirties, and 
remained liere until about 1S50. when he moved to Indianapolis, wdiere he 
died August 22, 1S76. He was buried at Indianapclis. but s mie years later 
his son, the late William E. Teal, had the l.)ody disinterred and ijrotight to 
Shelbyville and re-interred in the old City cemetery. He was married to Miss 
\\'alker, a daughter of John \\'alker, who was at that time a large land owner 
in Shelby county, and aside froni practice lie devoted a part of his time 
to the management of a farm and to the st ck busir.ess. In 1843 he purcha-ed 
a drove of about five hundred head of hogs, and had them driven to Cincinnati. 
Ohio, which was then the nearest market as th.ere were no railroads in Sh.elby 
cotinty, nor in this part of the state. It required four weeks' time and the ser- 
A-ice of about a dozen men to drive them. ■"Uncle" John Williams, wdio lives 
four miles n.orth <jf town, was one of the men who a-s;-;cd in the dri\ing\ 


Doctnr Teal rode alon.i^. iiften S'"''"."" ^'le'ad lo make arrangements for water, 
feed and sucli other arrani;eincnts as were nece-sary. His wife died and later 
lie married a sister of Dr. I'^ichard Cuniniin<. Two sons were l)orn to llie lirst 
wife, ami one to the second lie was a tjo. id physician for thai day. and cn- 
joved a fair sliare of the practice of his community. He w;is a member oi the 
Methodist chmxh. and in pohtics a Whiy. Me hved "U North Harrison street, 
on the lot where his grandson. Harry H. Teal, now resides. 

Isaac Xeal Tmdall. M. I)., was Ixirn in Shelby coiuUy. Indiana, on a farm 
four miles south of Shclbyville. August 25. 1854. He attended the public 
schools of the county during the winter months, and worked on his failicr's 
farm during the summer until he completed the course of instruction given in 
the common schools and tlieu entered the high school of ShclliyviHe. where he 
remained until he graduated in 1876. Immediately after graduating from 
the high school, he "entered th.e olfice of Dr. John W. Parri.^;!!, at Shclbyville. 
and commenced the study of medicine. The following winter he entered the 
Eclectic :\Iedical Institute of Cincinnati, Ohio, where he continued his studies 
until he graduated in 1879. After graduating front the medical college he 
opened an office for the jiractice of his profession in Slielliyville, Indiana, 
where he continued until his deatli February 2. i88j. Although his profes- 
sional career was short, he had alread\- built up a large practice and ga\-e 
promise of becoming one of the leading physicians of Shelbyville. His father 
and mother. George A. and Sallie A. (McCann) Tindall. were natives of 
Kentucky, and came to Shelby county early in the histnry of the county. 

Doctor Toliver practiced medicine at Copeland's }vlill in Xoble township 
for several years some time during the fifties. 

Dr. Andrew T- Treon was another of the pioneer physicians who practiced 
medicine in Jackson township. Shelby county. Indiana, in an early day. prob- 
ablv from 1841 to i860. He was talented and a good physician, and had 
many warm friends. He was clear-headed and a good thinker, an.d influential 
in the neighborhood where he lived. He was an influential member of the 
St. Cleorge Lutheran church. He died at the old homestead on the farm 
where he had lived for many years, and was buried at Sang Hill cemetery. 

Martin \"an Buren UpdegratT was bom in Shelby county. Indiana, in 
184 J He recei\ed hi-^ early education in the public schools and later attended 
lectures at tlie Ohio Medical College, where he graduated about 1862. He 
then entered the army as assistant surgeon. After the cV%e of the war he 
located at Waldron. Indiana, for the practice of medicine and continued there 
until his death, February 25. 1880. He was married t > a :\Iiss :Miller. of Xew 
Albanv, Indiana. They had no children. In politics he was a Republican. 

Robert Russell Washburn. M. D., was born near Laurel. Indiana. March 
12. 1833. His father and mother, who were native^ of Kentucky, were mov- 
ino- from Kentucky to Rush county, Indiana, and it was while on this trip en 

CHAHWICKS 11I.--)0KV UV .-HKI.llV CO., INH. 229 

route l) llicir new liMine that Iv'hen I\u<^el! fir.-t saw the li_L;iu of day. having;- 
been born in a covercil wagon w liicli they were using- as a me.ans of convevance. 
During tlie years of Ins youth he wmkeil on ;i farm and commenced ti-> learn 
the carpenter's tratle under his lie liad no school ad.vantagcs, having 
attended school in a little log .school-house in Rush county for about thirty 
days, but by studying at home he received :dl the literary education he ever 
had. He commenced the study of medicine in the otirce of Doctor Mauzx', at 
Rushville. in 1850. where he remamed until 1S53. when he located at buue 
]\idge. Shelby county, In<lian.-i. He remained in practice here for three (jr 
four years, when he remo^■ed to \\'aldron, where he continued in the practice 
of medicine until the time of his death, November 10, 1000. During nearlv 
all of the time of his residence at W'aldnm he also conducted a drug store. 
During the winters of 1S83-84 and 1884-83 he attended lectures at the In- 
diana Medical College, where he graduated in the spring- of 1S85. Fc^r al- 
most a half century Doctor Washburn practiced in Shelby county and saw 
many marvelous changes take ])lace, nut only in the practice of medirir.e. Ijut 
ill iniprovements in the count}- in every respect. In 1853 he was married to 
]\Iiss Sarah E. Shultz, of Ru-hville, and td this union seven chiKiren, three 
boys ami four girl^. were b 'rn. 

Dr. Albert G. ^^'ebb, who was a son-in-law <.if Major John Hendricks, 
began the practice of medicine in Shelbyville, ale .ng rdmut 1840. He was well 
educated and a successful physician. He w-as active in the affairs of the city 
and soon built up a good practice. Although yet a young man his useful 
career w-as cut ^h irt by his death from cholera, in jS^ci. The death of such a 
popular physician from that dreaded disease was so much of a shock to the 
then little city of Shelbyville that on the following day man_\- of the inhabitants 
left the citv to remain away itntil the danger w-as passed. 

Jacob G. Wolf, 'M. D., was born in Blair county, Pennsylvania. Felrruary 
S, 1823. lie was the youngest son in a famil>" of seven children born to Jacob, 
and Lvdia (Henderslvjt ) \\V>lf, the former being a naii\e t)f IVni-isyhan.ia, 
and the latter a native of Xew Jer,-ey, I'hey came to Indiana in 1834 an.d 
located in Union cotinty, and one year later moved to Wayne county, where 
the parents died, the father in 1S44, and the m.jther in 1867. He received 
his early education in tlie public schriojs and later spent three years in DePauw, 
(forn-ierly Asbm-y) L"ni\-ersity. and then S])enl three years in the study of medi- 
cine with Dr. Cfi-!vin West, of Hagerstown, Wa}-ne omnty, Indiana. He 
then entered the Ohio ^Medical College, of Cincinnati, and after completing 
the two years' course, graduated in ^larch, 18^9. He immciliately opened an 
office at Hag'erstown, where he practiced for two year-, and in 185 1 came 
to Shelby county aiid I cated at Morristown, where he jiracticed !'• >r many 
years, aiid contiiuied to live until the tin-ie of his de.-'.th, June i, 1907. In 
1856 lie eii'ered the JcfTer-on ^iledical College and the f'.ll nving s])ring gra.i- 


ualcd iir.m that in-=titiui"ii. In i8')7 he was uUvii-il. on the DcmiKraiic 
ticket. t.i llie office of Clerk r.f the Shelby Circuit Cniirt, and conliinieil in that 
office f'H" four years. He v\a< a nienihcr oi ihe Masonic fraternity and for a 
number of years a nienil)er of tlie Sclniol Bnard nf ^rrirristown. and i ir ei^ht 
or ten years he was president of the Scli". 1 I'n'ard. lie was married twice, 
first in 1846 to Miss \'irg-inia A. Ricketi-. wh.. died in 1S67. and in 1869 on 
March i8th. lie was married to Mrs. Elvira J. Winslrlp i fcirmerly a Miss Rob- 
inson), who wa> 1) .rn in Ru-h county. Indiana, Ja.nuary 8. 1834. .-md win* is 
yet living. lie wa.^ the father uf seven children, all by the tirsi marriage. 
Doctor Wolf was a good physician and enjoyed a large practice, and he was 
a prominent figure in Mcrristown and the surrounding couiury f^r more than 
half a century, and always highly esteemed. 

Dr. James II. W'.iodburn practiced medicine at P.oggstown a number 
of years during the forties, and left there about the very last of that decade. 
He went to Indianapolis and became prominent in the medicinal profession of 
that city, and died there some years later. During the war he was a counsellor 
and advisor with Governor Morton. I-Ie was a life-long friend of Dr. W. G. 
McFadden, and secm"ed his appointment as siu'gcon in the army from Governor 

Hardy \\'ray, ]\I. D.. was born in Rowan county. Xi;)rth Carolina, Febru- 
ary 5. iSiS. When a child he came with his parents to Shelby county, In- 
diana. He was married to P.clinda Fox. December. 1S37. His wife was 
also a native of Rowan county. Xorth Carolina. To this union eleven children 
were b<:irn, nine of whom reached full manhood and womanhood. In the early 
forties they purchased a farm in Van Burcn township, on Brandywine creek, 
where they endured the hardships of pioneer life in the struggle to make a 
home out of the "forest primeval." Success crowned their efforts and soon 
they \vere the possessors of their ambition — a home, where they might rear 
and educate their growing family. About 1850 the husband and father be- 
gan the study of medicine, reading such books as he could bornnv from the 
family physician. He entered as a student under Doctors King and Scudder, 
of Cincinnati, some time between 1S50 and 1855. taking what was then the 
prescribed course of reading. He opened an office aiJt'. began practice on the 
home farm and continued practicing until 1S65. when b.e sold the home and 
removed to Bartholomew county, chie.dy for the better educational advantages 
for the children that still remained at home. He pratticed his profession in 
his new home for about ten years. About 1875 '""^ removed to Indianapolis, 
and after a few years to Dublin. Wayne county. He c.ntinued in active prac- 
tice till 1896, when he retired, and with his aged wjfe removed to Barton 
county, Missouri, to spend the evening of their lives ir: the home of their old- 
est living child,. ]\Irs. Jcihn Arniild. of Golden City, ilere he died February 
12, 1903, at the ripe old age of eight}-fi\e years. One -on. Dr. Hiram \\ ray. 


now dcccru-ec!. was a pliysician. An.itlicr \va> a lawver, ami auntlior. A. K 
W'ray. is a minister of the Gospel. 

PiivsiciAXS WHO AR1-: at the ]'ki:si-;x; 


Dr. O. I.. Adams. M. D., born April 8. 1871. graduated at Indiana Med- 
ical College in 1894; Manhattan School <if Optics in 190S. He practiced in 
Shelln-ville fo.m 1804 to 1S96. he was in the drag business until 1907. 
His practice is limited to eye, ear. n.>se and throat. Practiced specialty since 
190S. Married October 17, 1894, to Miss Edith Gordon. 

Dr. Adam Ouincy Baird, born January S. 1836, iu Wabash county, II- 
lin.nis. Attended ]^Iiami ]\[edical Cdllege in 1S74-75. Practiced in Illinois 
from 1S75 to 1S96. Located at Smithland., Slicllw county. 1896, and at Shel- 
byville in 1897. At Shclliyville since. Married twice, first in 1866. then in 1S75 
to Amanda \\"allace. Two children by first wife, six by second, 

Laura Carter, ^M. D., Ixmi February 22. 1867, near Versailles. Indiana. 
Graduated from the Laura Memorial Medical College of Cincinnati. Ohio, in 
1902. Practiced in Shelliyville, Indiana, since 1904, 

Robert E. Clark, M. D., born in Swit.zcrland county, Indiana, October 9, 
1853. Graduated from Ohio ]^Iedical College in 1891. Practiced at several 
locations before coming to Shelbyville. Located at Shelbyville in 1901, Prac- 
ticed here since. Married in January, 1874, to 3iliss Eva Phillij)p. Six chil- 

Henry M. Cimnelly. ^I. D., born September 20, 1850. in Cole- county. 
Illinois. Graduated from Hartsville College in 1S73. Graduated from In- 
diana ^ledical College in 18S2. Practiced at Flat Rock until 1903, since then 
at Shelbyville. Married December 22. 1874. to Sarah J. Pnwell. One son. 
and one daughter. 

Alorris Drake, M. D., born :\Iarch 5. 1S56, in Putnam county, Inrliana. 
Graduated from Ohi._> ]\Iedical College in 1881. Practiced in Shelbyville since. 
Married in 1SS9 to ^.liss Minnie Hanley, now deceased. Five children, three 
of whom are living. Married to ]\Iiss Rose Zoble in 1907. 

Charles E. Dunn. M. D., was born in Brown county, Ohio, May 2, 1862. 
Attended Eclectic Medical Institute, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1894. ^Married twice. 
Present wife was Miss Sarah DeBaini. I'ruCticcd in ?\Iarietta until 1896. and 
in Shelbyville since 1897. He has twc children. 

George \\'. Fleming, M. D.. was born in Westmoreland county, Pennsyl- 
vania, November 22. 1843. He graduated from \\'ashington and Jefferson 
College in 1865. Medical Department University of Michigan in 1867, Belle- 
vue Hospital Medical College in 1868. He was married May 28, 1879, to 
^Irs. Laura Gorges Wilson, who died .September 31. 1908. He has practiced 
in Shclbvville since 186S, 


R. M. I l-y,l, M. 1).. wa^ l^.m May 7, ^S^h. Graduated from Ohio Medi- 
cal Cnl!,_-e i)i iSr,.). I'racliced a ye:u- licforc coining- to Shell)yvilk-. IVac- 
tictd in SlKlliy\-ille 1S7S tn iSSn. and since that time lias lieen in the 
drugbu>ine><. Married An-u-t tt. iSdS. t,, Mi^s Mag-ie Lytic, lie lia- had 
three children, all cil wlv ^m are dead. 

J. R. Garner, M. 1).. was horn .Vpril j;. 1852. in Engiand. Graduated 
from the llalnuniann Med.ica.l C .llci;-e oi Chicago. Illinois, in 181JO. Prac- 
ticed since March. 1900, in Shell>yvillc. Indiana. Married in 18S6 to Minervn. 
C. ]\Ianin. now deceased. ( )ne child livin--. 

Thomas G. Green. M. D.. was h, .rn in .\rlinyn n. Ru<h cuintv. Indiana, 
April 6, 1865. He graduated from the Lcuisville Medical C illege! uf Louis- 
ville. Kentucky, in 1S89. and has practiced in Shelhyville. Indiana, since, 
^larried June 7, 1899. to Rhoda Gary. 

J. R. Jenkins. ^I. D.. was h.-rn in Switzeriand cnuniy, Indiana. l"ehruarv 
9, i84_'. Gra.Uiated at .Miami Medical Ci>l!eg-e in 1879.' Lracticed at Wal- 
dron, Indiana, f nirteen years, then at sever.Tl other locations. Again located 
at Shelhyville in 1906. and has practiced here since. Married to Mi-s ^Li- 
riah Penn in 187.2. They have had tV.ur children. 

Thomas C. Kennedy. M. D.. was hnm June 8. 1862. at .^helhxville, In- 
diana. Graduated from Kentucky School of Mrdicine in 1883, since then 
has practiced in Shclliyville. He was married Mav j;. 188:,. to ?ilis> Belle 
:\I. Cofihn, of Henry coinny, Indiana. They have had two' children. One 
dead. I'ranccs ^I. still li\'ing. Does general sm-gery. 

Samuel Kennedy, M. D., was hoVn in Shelhyville, Indiana, March 16, 
1S67. (iraduated at Indiana Medical College in' 1891. ^Married to Miss 
Kathei'ine Leefers. .\pril 20. 190S. 

William II Kenne<ly, M. D., was horn in Shelhyville. Indiana. Fehrnarv 
15. 1877. Graduated at Indiana :Meilical College in '1903, :iv..\ since then lias 
practiced at Sh.eihyville. Married April 14. 1906. to Miss Lftie E. Lurnham. 
of Chicago. One son. 

B. G. Keeney. ^l. D., was horn at Patriot, Indiana, August 23, 1S76. 
Graduated fn^.m Oliio Medical College in 1902. and since then has practiced 
in Shelhyville, Indiana. .Married to luhel .\dams June i. 1905. They have 
one cliild. I'.ilnnmd L. 

J. X. Lucas. M. D., was Ijorn at Butler county, Dhi... ^vlarcli i. 1846. 
Graduated at .\ntiocli Cncge in i8r,9. Graduated at Puke Medical College, 
Cincinnati, Old 1. 1873. Practiced at Shelljyville three years, then at Cam- 
bridge City seven years. Located at SlKlhyville again in' 1883. where he has 
practiced ever since. Married to Mi.-s Margaret P. well in 1880. The\- have 
three sins. Horace. Orton Iv and Frank P. 

Walter C. Mcl-'adden, .M. D.. wa> horn in Shell>yville. Indiana, Decemher 
14. 1878. (na.luated from t!ie Indiana Medical College in 1902, and since 


then has pvacticcl in ShclhyvilK-. Indiana. Maniol to .Mav-arcl SchnxMlo!, 
Octoljor 0. I0O2. Thev liavc iwn danL;hit.MS. Marion and Alice. 

Dr. R. V,. .Minnis\\as linrn at BulTalo. New V.^rk. 1-ohruary 18. 1S71. 
Graduated from the Still C'.'lleg'e ot Osteopathy, of Des Aloines. Iowa, in 1904 
Practiced at Tcrre Haute for a short time, and since at Shelbyvillc, Indiana. 
Married February iS. iSoi. to Marv J. Eane. Thev have one daui^hter. Meier, 

James Will.anl. M. D.. was horn in Shelhwille. Indiana. ])ecember iT,, 
1830. Graduated at Central Normal Collc-e. jlanville. Indiana. 1884. Indi- 
ana >ilcdical Collcg-e in 1896. I'racticed at Fcnns, Shelliy county. Indian.a. 
from 1S96 to 1904. Practice at Shelby ville since 1904. 

Henry E. Phares. M. D.. was l:>iirn in Shelby county. Indiana. July i. 
1870. Gradu.ited at IlM^-pita! College ( ;f Medicine at Louisville. 181)-. Prac- 
ticed at M :rrist,,wn from 1807 until 1901. and since then at Shelhyville. 
:\I;irried April 20, 1899, to :\li^s Gertrude Carney. They have one daughter. 

Frank E. Ray, ^F. D.. was Imrn in Ih-andywine townsliip. SheHiy county. 
Indiana. October iTi, 18^15. firaduated from ilie Imliana ?iledical College in 
1890. ]\feml)cr medical .^t;ilt at Central In-^ane Hospital. Imlianapolis. In- 
diana, for six years. Following that time he i,>ra':licrd ;it I'.airlaiiil. Indiana, 
for four }-ears. and since that time at Shelb_\\ille. Indiana. Married AUie 
Davis in 1897. 

L. C. Sammons. 'M. D.. born at \'andalia, Michigan. Decemlx'r i. 
1876. Graduated, fnuii H mieop.athic Midicnl College of Missouri, at St. Eou!>. 
in 1899. and since then has practiced at Shelbwille. Inddan.a. r^Iarried Jul} 
25, 1899. to Satie C. Lilly. One child, deceased.' 

J. B. Stewart. ]M. D.. was born in Switzerland count\-. Indiana, IMarcii 
8. 1S43. Gra.luated at Cincinnati College of ^le.hcine and' Surgery in 1866. 
Practiced in Dearborn county, Ind.iana. until 1878. from then to 1900 at }v[ari- 
etta, Shelby C( unty. and since then at Shelhyville. Xow ';l)e^ld.^ part of lii- 
time at Indianapolis, ^tarried twice. Two children. 

Charles .\. Tindall. M. D.. was born in Shelby county, Indiana, Augu-t 
8. 1867. Graduated from Eclectic Medical Institute. Cincinnati. Ohio. 1887 
Practice in ShellAville since 1887. Married Xovember 17. 1S87, to Mis-^ 
Bertha J. Michelson. Two soit^ — Paul R.. age twenty, wln^ is a medical 
student in Eclectic Medical Institute at Cincinnati. Ohio, and Carl A., age 

\V. W. Tindall. M. D., was born in Shelby county, Indiana. September 9. 
1876. Graduated iv< m Iiclectic Medical Institute of Cincinnati. Ohio, in 1903. 
Practiced at Carth.age. Indiana, for three years following, ar.d since that time 
at Shelbvvdle. Indiana. Married in 190^, to Carrie l".' Phares. One child, 
William R. 

Dr. G. G. Winter was born in Germany, August 22. 1841. Erlucated 

234 oiADwicK s insTORV OF siiKLnv CO.. ixn. 

in Gennany. Located at SlKlbyville, Iiuliaiia. Dcccnilior. iS'kj. Marrit-il June 
25. 1S73. to Theobald. Tltree ?..ns, Carl. Paid ar,d Einil. and one child 
dead. He ha> practiced in Shelhyvillc nrn-c or le-^-; ?ince iSoc). 

I'hysician? who are at the present time practicing medicine in Sl'.elb}' 
county, outside of Shelby\ille: 

Frank K. Ba?s, M. D. Born July _>(«. 1S81. in Shelby county. Indiana. 
Graduated injni Medical Cr-Ucge of Indiana. 1003. I'racticcd at M' irrislnwn 
since. ^Mai'ried ^[ay 24. T1JO4. to ]Miss L>erlha iNIoore. The}- ha\e one child. 

W. R. Benlley, ^[. D. Born July 20. 1S51, in Decatur county, Indiana. 
Attended Pulte Homeopathic Medical College of Cincinnati in 1S83 two 
terms, firailuated frnm Cliicago Homeojiathic Colleg'e, 1886. Practiced at 
Morristown, Indiana, continually since i88('). 

Byron II. Boone. .M. D. Born IMay 29, 1865. Graduated at Kentucky 
School of ]\Iedicine, Louisville, Kentucky-, 1894. Practiced at Boggstown 
since. Married to 3>Iiss Alice Hanly. Two children. 

W. H. Coliee, ^L D. Born April 29. 1867, in Bartholomew county, 
Indiana. Graduated frum the Indiana INIedica! College in 1898. P^MCticed 
at ^.[arietta since. IMarried November 11, 1900. to Grace L. Griffith. 

Walter M. Ford, M. D. Born November 16, 1862, in Kentucky. Grad- 
uated from the University of Louisville in 1877. Practiced at ^It. Auburn 
since. }vlarried March 21, 1S78, to }^Iiss Katherine Emrick. They have four 
children living and two dead. 

George Isham Inlow. ^l. D. Born in Blue Ridge, Shelby county, 
Indiana, August 9, 1874. Graduated from the Kentucky School of Alcdicine, 
1897. Practiced at Ray's Crossing from 1897 ^'"^ 1900. Since 1900 at Blue 
Ridge in partnership with his father, I. \\". Inlow. ^Married ^larch 18, 1897, 
to :\Iiss Alice }^IcDutty. One child. Lois Xell. 

Dr. Isaac Watson Inlow was Ix^rn at ^Manilla, Rush county, Indiana, 
November 10, 1S39. Studied medicine throe years with Dr. J. J. Inlovc, of 
Manilla. Practiced at Blue Ridge, Shelby county, since 1869. Was married 
]\Iay 4, 1861, to ^liss ]\Iar}- Callahan, of Rush county, Indiana. Four children 
were born, Dr. George I., John C, Fannie R. and Mary ]\I. 

James E. Keeling, 'Si. D. Born Octfiber 20, 1865, in Shellw county, 
Indiana. Graduated from Indiana ^Medical College 1891. Practiced at 
Geneva, Shelby county, from 1891 to 1903. Practiced at Waldrou since 
1903. Married first to Lizzie Benjimeii, who died I-\-hruary 9, 1895: then to 
Mary J. Mitchell on April 29. 1896. One child by inst wile. Three children 
by last wife. 

George F. Lewis, "SI. D. Born April 28, i860, in Putnam county, Indiana. 
Graduated at Indiana Medical College 1898. Practice! in Clay county, In- 
diana, until Jaiuiary. 1909, and at Blue Ridge since. r^Iarridl June 10, 1883. 
Two sons and two daughters. 

CHADWICK S IIISTDlvV OV <]]ELl',\ CO., IM., ^,1:1 Cavson Einville, .M. D. Born Sepu-mLcr 5. 1S71, in Shelby 
county, In. liana. Graduated at Indiana .Medical Colle;;c of Indianapnlis, 
Indiana, !i)0_|. Practiced in I'nion tn\vn'=hi;i ^incc 1904. ^Married Tune J3, 
1907. to Mrs. Elsie (Vouns) Rash. 

Tolm Lowden, :\I. D. P.orn Ecl-ruavy 14. i84<). in Slielhy cunty, In- 
diana. Graduated at Eclectic Medical In.^tilnie. 1.^78. Pr.icticed ni \'an Uiu'en 
townr^hip since 1 S78. Married October _'. 1S7C). Fiuir children. 

T. J. McCain, y\. D. Bom Se])teinber 5, 1845. in Shelby county, In- 
diana. Graduated from the ^fedical Cr.llei^e of Indiana in 18S0. I'racticed 
at W.-ddron since. His la^^t marriage was in November. 1903. to ^frs. I'.cllc 
(■Ensmingcr) Eck. The dr.ctur lias two cbiUlren living and one dead. 

Robert S. :\IcCray, M. D. Born February 17. 1854, in Hancock county, 
Indiana. Graduated from the Indiana Medical College in 18S3. Practiced 
medicine at ^lorristown .since. :\[arried March 24. 1883, to Mi-s Xina Hardy. 
Thcv have three children. 

'Oral Holmes :McDonald. :\I. D. Born January 14. iSSo. in Shelby county, 
Indiana. Graiiated at Indiana Medical College 1904. Practiced at London, 
Shclbv countv. since 1904. !vlamed December j30, 1906. to Miss Emma May 
Hasher. One child. 

E. V. Miller, M. D., was born Xovcmbcr 30. 18(15, in Hancnck county. 
Indiana. He graduated from the Ohio 3,Iedical College of Cincinnati, Ohio, 
in 1896, and from the :^Iedical College of Indiana in 1897. Has practiced at 
Fountaintown since 1897. He was married :May 2, 190J, to ^liss Bertha H. 
Logean. 'i"wo children living and one dead. 

^ Harry K. Xave. M. D.' Born Xovember 21. 1S77. in Shelby ounty, 
Indiana. Graduated at Eclectic }>Iedical College of Indiana. 1905. Practiced 
at Arlington. Rush county, eighteen months. At Fountaintown, Shelby 
countv. since 1906. Married September 29, 1906, to Miss Maud Shank. One 

V. C. I'alten. M. IX Born December 12, 1S70, in Shellw county, Indiana. 
Graduated from Indiana Medical College 1897. Practiced at ^lorristown 
since graduatini. Married January 11. 1905, to INIiss Julia A. Gordon. One 

David A. Pettigrew, M. D. Born }^Iarch i. 1851. in Decatur county, 
Indiana. Graduated from Medical College of Indian.a 1881. Practiced at 
]-lat Rock. Shelby county, since. Married October 5. 1875. to Miss Tilda 
Schafer. Thcv have six children. 

Charles H. Perry. M. D. Born :\Iarch 10. 1873. at Campbellsville. Ken- 

tuckv. Graduated at Hospital College of Medicine at Louisville. Kentucky, 

* 1896. I'racticed at Lewis Creek. Shelby county. Indiana, since i89ri. Married 

in 1897 to Emma K. Wdiite. who died August 13. 1906. Married June i, 

1908, to Laura M. Trimble. One child. 

236 ciiai'Wkk'.s histokv ok sui'LiiV CO., ixn. 

William M. I'ic'i^Mi. M. I). I'.orn in < M-cenricUl. Indiana. Aupist 10. 
1850. Craduate.l liic In.liana Medical 1874. -f'l'l ib.c^Mcdical 
Dq)aiinn.-ni hJ I'lUler Tniver^iiy 1 S7M. I'racticcd at iMnintainlown until 
iqo3. Since then at M. >rri>l' .\vn. Married June (>. 1878. i,. Iu"ile 1!. Mu^/. 
They have three (lau-luer> and cue .-on. 

Daniel F. Randnlpli. M. D.. \va^ born March 27. 1854. in Owen county. 
Indiana. He graduated from the Indiana Medical College in 1888. Practiced 
at Indianapolis and Xewliern, Indiana, until 1890. Practiced at W'aldron .since 
1890. Me wa.s married December 2(\ 1883, w Mi.>;s .Mice ^[. Conover. Qv.e 

J. H. S. Riley, M. D. Born in Decatur cmiiuy. Indiana, April 11, 1878. 
Graduated at Medical Colleg'e of Indiana. 1904. Practiced in Decatur county. 
from 1904 to 1908. Practiced at Bengal. Shelbv county, since 1908. 

Thomas R. Rubu,-h. ^1. D. Born Oclcber 2. 1863. at Indianapolis. In- 
diana, (n-aduatcd at Indiana Medical College ScptcmlxT 29. 1879. Prac- 
ticed at London. .Shelby county, since 1879. ^Married September 29. 1880. to 
Miss Emma Ilahn. Eight children, five living. 

William Austin Scho,>ley, M. D. Born March 9, 18(35. in Dearborn 
county, Indiana. Graihiaied fnnn the Ohio Medical College in 1888. Prac- 
ticed at Sulphur Hill. Shelliy c ainty. Indiana, since. Married June 18, 1890, to 
jMiss Frances True. Si.x children. 

W. T. Shrout. M. D. Born ^tay 15. 1845. 'n Nichok county. Kentucky. 
He first g-raduateil fp;>m an Eclectic College in Richmond. \'irginia. and in 
1894 fri.m the Eclectic College of I'hysicians and Surgeons of Indianapolis. 
Practiced in Shelby o:ainty since ali-'Ut 1880. Xow at Waldron. Married 
August J2. 1867. to Miss \'irginia Xeal. The^• ha\ e five children living and 
two dead. One son a physician. 

Jolm W. Snider. :m' D. Born April 26. 1845. in Shelby county, Indiana. 
Graduated from Ru-h Medical Cillege of Chicagri 1870. Practiced at l-"air- 
land thirty-two years. Married August 24. 1875. to Mi^s Mary Laws. Three 

Ste])hen Lewis Strickler. M. I). Bom in Shelby county, Ind.iana, .\ugu-t 
22. 1853. Attended Eclectic Medical Ir,-;titute. Cincinnati. Ohio. 1878 and 
1879. Graduated Bellevue Hospital >k-dical College. New York. 1883. Prac- 
ticed at Boggstown since 1879. 

J. V. Taylor, M. 1)., was born December 8. 1844. in Jeffer-on county. 
Indiana, (iradmited from Ohio Medical College, Cincinnati, 1S78. Married 
Ajjril 21. 1883. to Mi.-s Hannah \'. Flenry, who died .\pril ]8, 1887. 

M. M. \\'ells. M. D. Born in Orange county, Indiana, February 23, 
1871. Graduated at Indiana }>Iedical College io-m. Practiced at Fairland 
since graduruion, excepting eighteen months a> inierne in ho>])iial. Married 
March 2. 1904. to Zella Gordon. One son. deceased. 


-lu.hvard Wertz. M. D.. wa.-^lx-rn J;il\- U). 1870. in Slicihv rruiUy. Iiuliana. 
He g-raduated from the C'cniral O !leL;c of I'liysiciaiK and Sur-OMns in 1900. 
Practiced at Slielliyvillc. Indiana, a short lime, antl since a; I'dalrcck. Mar- 
ried July _>J, iSr,;, i,, Mi-s l.ulu Ford. Two chilch'cn. 

R. A. Wiltshire. M. D. L'.oni in Ohi.i. (jradnalcil froia a Cincinnati 
College in 1896. I^'acticed at Ciwvnneville since. Married },I.irch 30, 1900, 
to :.Iiss Alice Bnell. Two children'. 


Emil Carl Aurin. M. D.. graduated fr .111 the I',cleclic ^^led.ical Institute of 
Cincinriati. Ohio, in 1897. lie located at Al.arictta in 1898, ruid remained about 
one year. He is now practicing in Cedar Rapids. [Michigan. 

Dr. Marcellus M. Adams, who was born in 1836, practiced medicine at 
Freeport for a few vcars along about the sixties. He ni:)w re.-idcs in (ireen- 

Ella lUackburn. M. D.. was born in Ohio. Graduated from the ^ledical 
College of Pennsylvania in 189S. Practiced at .Shelbyville from 1900 to 1904. 
Xow physician in a sanitarium at Palmyra, Wisconsin. 

Frank B. Black, M. D., who is a graduate of the Eclectic ^.fedical Institute 
of Cincinnati. Ohio, of the class of iSS(5, came from the soutiiern part of the 
State to Bengal, Shelby county, in 18S9. and remained in th: active jiractice 
there until 1904. He is now located in Ohio. 

Dr. J. E. Curtis, a graduate cf tlie Kentucky School of ]\Iedicine, practiced 
at W'aldron for a short time about 1890. He is now located at Greensbiu'g. 

James A. Comstock. M. D., was born in Hancock county. January 8. 1S44. 
Graduated from Rush Medical College in 1865. from the Ohio ]\Iedical College 
in 1867. Practiced at Marietta from 1867 to 1889. [Moved to Greenfield in 
18S9. where he now resides. He was married Seiitember 19. 1872. to Miss 
Mary Anderson, and they have had three children. 

Dr. J. W. Clubb practiced medicine at Fairland for se\'eral years pre- 
vious to 1900. when he removed to Kentucky, where he is now practicing. 

Dr. J. W. Carney practiced medicine at Ray's Crossing for several }-ears 
along about 1900. He is now located in iKirtholnmew county. 

Dr. Charles J. Cook practiced medicine at Gwynne\'ille fr.^m about 1894 
to 1904. He is now in the active practice at Indianapolis. 

John H. Dearman. M. D.. w-as born and raised in the northern part of 
the county. Fie graduated fr< nn tlie Cincinati College of }\Iedicine about 1887. 
He then located at Bro ikfield. where he continued in the practice of medicine 
until about 1900. when he moved to Acton, where he yet resides. 

Dr. W. C. Furney came to Morristown aiid began the practice of medi- 

2_:;S CHADWICK's }lI.>-Tt)RV OF SlIKLBV CO., i\i;. 

cineali"Ut iSin.and renriiiifd uiuil 181)7. Il'-'thi.-n rciii.n'c.l from Mcirristowii 
to K 'kdiiin. 

William 1'". Green. M. D.. was luirii April 6. 1865. in Uusli county. In- 
diana, riraduaiod t n ,,11 I.oni-ville .Mc.lic:d (.■oilo-e in iSSo. I'racticcd at 1-ree- 
purt frum iSS.) to i8i;_\ At Sliclli_\\ille irum t8oj In 1003. X<i\v practicing- 
at Indianapolis. 

Dr. I-'.. 1). Jewetl located at I'luc Kidyc in 1895, -'i'' remained there in 
the practice for twaj 1 <v three }ears. 

Dr. John ^'. Kcnnetl}'. Jr.. ])racticcd medicine in Shelb_\\-ille and in oilier 
parts of the county for several years during the nineties. 

Samuel. A. Kennedy. M. D.. was horn in Crawford o.mnty, Pennsylvania. 
Aug-ust 6. 1S32. and was a son of John ^'. Kennedy. Me gaadnated. from the 
Ohio Medical College in 185;. I'racticed at Shellwville, then Marion, and 
then at Xorristown. He m ived from Xorristnwn i(i Indianapolis, where he 
now resides, ahoul i8(jo. ]\[arricd l-'chruary 28. 1855. to Almira Goodrich, 
whu died in i8r)i. hi September, 1861, to I'hoehe J.^^<,r,drich. He had nine 

Dr. W". T. Knapp. a gradua.te of a hcimeopathic medical college, prac- 
ticed medicine in Shclhyville iov a number of years, and left here about 1895. 
He is now located at \"incenne>, Indiana. He was married to a ]Miss Thralls, 
of this citv. 

Willi'am W". Keeling. M. D,. was b,,rn October 10. 1830, in Shelby county, 
In.diana. Graduated from the Eclectic ^fedical Institute of Cincinnati. Oliio, 
in J864. Practiced in Genexa. ShcHi\' cuunty. Indiana, trim 1865 tr) iSqi, 
an.d at Xcmaha. Xebra.4;a. since 1891. Married twice, second time to Miss 
Mary R. .Spiers in 1S58. Celebrated golden wedding anniversary at Xema'ia, 
Nebraska, last year. Five children, all living. 

Dr. \\"illiam Loder practice.] medicine at Shelby ville f ir a short time, then 
at r^Iarietta for a }-ear or twii, and then at Lewis Creek for a time during the 

J. B. Lylle. M. I)., was born May 17. 1835. Attended Starling Medical 
College of Columbus, Ohi \ Graduated from the Indiana Alcdical College in. 
1870. Practiced at I'latrock. Shelby county, Indiana, from 1S65 to 1S70. 
Then entered drug bu-^ine^s in Shelbyville. Xow living in Slie!byvi!!c. retired. 

Dr. Charles M. Muiz. who was a son of the late Jacob Mutz, of Jackson 
township, practiced medicine at W'aldron f-ir about two years during the 
eighties. He moved from W'aldron to St. Louis. Missouri, and from there to 
AX'ichita, Kansas, where he now resides. He was a graduate of a St. Louis 

Dr. Jijhn V. Maddox liegan the jjractice of medicine at Fenns, Shelb\' 
county, about 1872, and in a .-hurt time moved to th.e Cave, where he practiced, 
until about 1878, when he moved to Shellivville. He remained at Shelbvv'lle 

ciiADWicK s insTOKV OF sur.i.i'.v CO.. ixj). 239 

until iSqi. when lie renv vcd {: < Orhind". Fli.riiia. where lie innv re>i'Ies. He 
oraihialcil fr. >ni the F.electic Medic.-'.l Iii^iitiue of Cincinnati. ()lii''. in 1877. 
He was niarried twice, the lii^t time to Mi^s Coleman, and tliey had lliree 
claiii.;hters and oiie smi. 

Dr. U. C. Morrow came lo .^hclh_\villc for the practice of medicine in 
1876. and remained three years. Married l-"aniiie ]X Dixon. Mii\e'l to Texas, 
where he still rcsiiles. His wife died many _\-ears a_q-o. 

Samuel P. McCrea. M. D.. was born February 2. 1845. in Shelby county. 
Indiana.' Gradtiaied from Rush ?\Iedica! College of Chicagvi in 186S. Was m 
partnership with Dr. William F. CJrcen in the practice of medicine in Shelby- 
ville during- 1808 and 1869, Went in the drug business in Shelbwilie in 
1870. and continued until 1S02. Xow president of Farmers' Xational Baiik. 
Married Xovember 21. 187S. to ^^liss Phoebe R.djinson. One daughter living 
and one dead. 

Dr. T. j. XortC'U jiracticcd medicine at ^larieita for se-ceral rears during 
the nineties. He nii.ived to Bartholomew county. 

Dr. Piatte practiced medicine at ^Marietta about the lime of the war. 
Then entered the army as second assistan.t surgeon. After the war settled at 
F'airland and piacticed fi:r several vears. Then went west and is n■:l^\■ in 

Dr. Rufus 1\< up practiced medicine near the Cave in .'^helby county, for 
several years almg alvput 1870. He had three daughters and one sor.. He 
now resides in Indianapolis. 

Jesse W. Rticker, M. D.. was born February 5. 1864. at Greensburg. In- 
diana. Graduated frr.m the Oliir, ]\Iedic?.l College of Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1887 
I'racticed medicine in Shelbyville from 1887 to 1895. Gloved to Greensburg 
in 1895 ^"^-1 '* "*'^^' e'btiug a paper there. Married in 1887 t'l Stella D. Green. 
'Idiey have fi\e chiMren. 

James W. Slinait. M. D.. attende-l lectures at the Eclectic }^Iedical Insti- 
tute at Cincinnati, and later graduated from the P.ennett }.Iedical College of 
Chicago. Fie practiced medicine at Blue Ridge and Prescott for about ten vear- 
from about 1895 to 1905. He is now located at Shirley, Indiana. 

James F. Scherfee. ^^1. D., located at Fairland in 1S98, and continued in 
the i)ractice of medicine th.ere for abuut five years. He is now in California. 

Dr. James .\. Sims came from the southern part of the state and located 
at Bengal, where he practiced from 1904 until 1908. Fie is now loeated at 
Pine \'ina. Fountain county, Indiana. 

William A. Smith, ^l. D., was born in Shelby county, Indiana. June it. 
186S. Graduated from Cer.tral College of Physicians and Surgeons of I;i- 
dianapolis in 1898. Practiced at Sb.elbyville a few lunnths. then at Fhitr <ck 
fine and a half years. Xow practicing at St. L.iuis Cros-ing. Bartholome-.*- 
count\', Indiana. 

>K'r. WHO ;it oui: 


Dr. rrlimc Stackh.)U;=e was a son of a Mctlvuli- 
tinic Ind cliari^c of the scniiiKirv at Mi^rristowii. 
he g-nuhiatel in niediciiie and practiced th.ere f. r ah nii live vcars. (htriiio- tlic 
latter part ,<{ the eighties. 'I'heii lie removed i > Rand. .Iph eouniy, Indiana. 

Irwin W. Treese. M. D.. was horn J:tnnar\ 10, iS^i. in Shelhy countv, 
Indiana, .\ttended Ohio Medical College in 1873-74. Graduated from In- 
diana Medical College in 18S0. Located at Smithland in 1874. and cnntinued 
there until ahnut iS<.)o. Xow resides at IndianaiK.lis. Married Miss 1 ena 
E. Miller in 1875. 

V. L. Tilton practiced medicine at Marietta for .several years along ahout 

Harry M. Toner. M. D., was h.irn in S'.iclhv countv. Indiana. ?\larcli 4. 
1S63. He atieruled the Ilellevue IL.ispital Medical College of Xew Vork, and 
graduated from a ]\Iedical College in Xashville, Tennessee, in 1894. He then 
located at Shelbyville, where he practiced for ahout ten vears, when he retired 
on account of failing health. He is now residing- in Arizona. 

Edward V. Wells. M .D., was born May 14. 1S53, in :Miami county. Ohio. 
Graduated Irmi Cihi. > Medical College in 1873. I'racticed medicine in Slielbv- 
ville from 1S86 to 1890. Xow practicing in Chicago, and lectures in 
Aledical College. 

Erank \\dietzel, M. D.. was born and reared in Morristown. He received 
his education in the public schools of that place, and later graduated from a 
medical college. He practiced medicine in ^lorristown for several vears, dur- 
ing the latter part of die eighties, and the early part of the nineties, then left 
Morristown and went to Chicago. 

Emma (O.deman) Williams, ^l. D., was lx)rn yiay 23, 1855, in Shelby 
county, Indiana. Graduated from the Eclectic IMedical Institute of Cincinnati, 
Ohio, in 1884. Practiced in Shelbyville from 1S84 to 1S94. Xow retired 
and li\-ing at the Cave. 

Besides those who have been mentioned elsewhere in this chapter there 
are seventy-eight physicians \vlic have been licensed to practice medicine in 
Shelby county since 1885. Some of them reside in adjoining counties, some 
were traveling ad\-ertising doctors, and nothing can be learned about many of 


The first medical society in Shelby county of which we have any record. 
v>-as oi-ganized April 3, 1854. at Morri.^town. Shelby county. Indiana. It was 
composed of a miniber (jf phy-icians who lived and practiced medicine in the 
nortliem part of the cntinty. 

The first otVicers were: Dr. David S. McGaughey. pre^ident: Dr. James 
M. Aflanis, secretarv- ; Dr. J. H. Spurrier, treasurer, and Dr. J. G. Wolf and 


Dr. ^^". W. l>'j!;\lon, censors. Oilier< were: Dr. F. yi. Pollitt and Dr. 
T. M. Stc\ens. Xo record of the otiier members has been kept. This .society 
continued until iSf'^. when it disbanded au'I was never again reorganized. 

An old lee bill, a copy of which is yet in the possession of Dr. George \\". 
Fleming, was printed in the year 1S56, and was evidently published bv this 
society, as no record of a society in Shelbyville at that time can be found. It 
is possible, iKnvever, that a medical society may have existed in Shelbyville at 
that jieriod, and published this fee bill and disbanded sometime prior to 186S, 
but this is not probable. The fee bill is as follows: 

_ FEE BILL , • • 

Adopted bv 

of Shelby County, June. 1S56. 

At a meeting of the Medical Society of Shelby County. Indiana, on the 
2Sth of June, 1S56, the following Bill of Fees was unaninioush' adopted by 
said society : 

For ofifice prescription, according to the extent of the examination re- 
quired 50 cents to $5.00 

For ordinary cases in town, tirst visit $1.00 

Subsequent vi'^its per day Si. GO to Si. 50 

F^or ordinary visits in the country, one mile Si. 00 

Each additional mile 50 

For night visits, fifty per cent, additional. 

For ordinary obstetrical cases, under six hours, in town, including at- 
tendance until lactation is established 5.00 

For attendance beyond six hoiu's, additional charge. 

For ordinary obstetrical cases in the country, and under four miles. . 5.00 

For extraordinary obstetrical cases — or such as require version, or use 

of instruments, an additional fee of S5 to 10.00 

For twin cases S6 to 10.00 

Vaccination, $1.00 ; A'enesection S25 to 50.00 

For Cupping. Si. 00; opening abscess 50 cents to Si. 00 

For Issue, .$2. 00; Seton, Si.oo; Catheterism $1.00 

For Gonorrhea and Syphilis, first prescription $5. 00 to Sio.oo 

For subsequent treatment as in other cases. 


For Lithotomy $ICK) to Si 50 

For Hernia, reduction by Taxis $5 to $20 

For Flernia, operation in Taxis $^o to Si ;o 



For OpcraticMis. Anenrisiii > \ larye artcnc-- $50 to Sioo 

For Ligatures to siiiall nr MipcTlicial anerit.-> Sio to ?30 

For Cataract $20 aiul iipwartls 

For 'I'raclK-i .tuiuy S20 to S30 

For Fxtirpaiii ni i.if M.niima S30 ami iijjwardi 

For Exc-isiun uf tlie Tonsils Sio to S30 

For Trephining S50 to St 00 

For Hydrocele Sio ami u|)\vards 

For Fistula in ano S-^o and upwards 

For I-'istula lachrymalis S30 and upwards 

For Hare-Lip S20 to $50 

For Phymosis or ]iaraphyni> sis Sio and upNvards 

I'or I'aracentesis Tlnrasis S25 and upwards 

For Paracente-is Ahdoniinis Sio and upwards 

For .\ni]iulalion of the thigh S30 to S50 

For Amputation of the leg S20 to S.jO 

For Am]wtation of the arm or forearm S-?o to $40 

For Amputation of the foot S30 to S50 

For Amputation ot the toe or finger S5 lo SJ5 

Reduction of J-'ractures, thigh or leg, simple $jo and ui> 

Reduction of iM-actures. thigh or leg. comp lund S30 and up 

Reduction of Fractures, patella $jo and upwar<ls 

Reduction of FracttuTS, cla\"icle Sio and i;i)wards 

Reduction <>{ Fractures, lower jaw Siu to S25 

Reduction of Fractures, arm or forearm, simple Sio to Sjo 

Reduction of Fractures, arm or forearm, comp'.anid S20 and up 

Reduction of Luxation of the thigh S_\t to S50 

Reduction of Luxation of the knee or ankle S20 to S50 

Reduction of Luxation of the shoulder Sio to $25 

Reduction of Luxation of the elbjw Sio to $25 

Reduction of Luxation of the wrist, lower jaw, thunih, toe lir hnger, S5 to Sio 

Subsequent attendance according to usual rates. 

All cases not mentioned in the abo\-c. to Ije charged as nearly in pr(ji)ortion 
as practicable. 

In all cases of highly contagi lus diseases, such as smallpox, etc., and in 
cholera, one hundred per cent, shall be added to tlie ordinar\- charges and 

All accounts to be closed by cash or note, on or bef:ire the first of Decem- 
ber cif each year. 




i:.\s. The 

aws of 


state of 


ana are such 

that our ]>v 




lebts fr 


a numbe 

■ .'t 

l)ersons who 

are really 

ciiAinvicK s nisTdKV (IF siiF.i.i:v CO., ixD. 243 

unv.illini:- td jiay: rind w litroa'^. siicli individual- >])ecific(! are the fir-t 
t(.i call in a phy-ician when either themselves or mcmher^ of their family are 
ailinq". as air- ' the rm-t ready t< > disch.ari^e the same with slander and ahnse 
wliene\-er he niav >ee lit ti> demand remuneration f.^r hi.-' sendees: therefore, be 
it unanimi>u>ly 

Rcsoliwf, ddiat each niemlxr of tlii- sneiety. hein.L;- the hest jud^e of the 
a1iility and unwilling-ness of his own customers tn pay. shall keep a list of the 
names of such in his iiraetiee as are ahle hut refu>e tt.i pay, and exchange the 
same with liis brother members quarterly. 

yv\\\vi/rrc/, That we will in no instance, knowingly render medical aid or 
supply medicine to any person or to his family, whose name has been placed on 
such lists, until such ]iersons shall have paid u]) their former bills. 

Resolved. That we will place a cojiy of our joint lists in the hands of 
e\'ery new phwsician who mny locate among us, and who is willing to adopt 
these resolutions as his rule of action. 

Rcsolz'cd. That no man's name shall be entered ''U said lists until after 
his bill has been presented, nor until a reasonaljle time ha- been gi\en for the 
payment of the same. 

Ri'so!:\'d. That whenever anv' person may remo\-e beyond the bounds of 
this society, without paying his medical bills, his name shall be put upon the 
P)lack List, amd forwartled to the physicians of the neighborhood to which he 
may haxe renio\-ed. 

The foregoing resolutions are not to be so construed as to inchulc the truly 
indigent, who are alwa}"s olijects of charity, and wdio ha\-e equal claims upon 
the profession with the rest of the community. 

(Drs. Smelson and ^briore are permitted to arrange the mileage as suits 
themselves. ) 

The next attempt at (organizing a medical society in Shelby count}' was 
made in 186S. Dr. S. T. ^IcCrea, who was at that time practicing medicine 
in Shelbyville, was the first secretary, and yet has in his possession the 
original constitution and by-laws, also a cc_)p_\- of the minutes of a meeting 
held in 1869. The Daily Dcmi^crat of July 30, 1S69, has a full report of th.e 
meetings as follows : 


The societv met pursuant to adjournment. I'resent, Drjctors Dav, Green, 
Collins, E. S. Elder. S. E. Elder. SlOcum. Eyter, McCrea, (dilmore, Robertson, 
Comstock, (lorden. Perry, Linville and McEadden. Tlic minutes of the pre- 
vious meeting were read and appro\-ed. 

Doctor McCrca rep'ortcd that he notified twenty-four physicians to 
he i)resent and participate in the meeting, fifteen of whicli rep(.)rted fav iralile. 


The report was received and accepted. The committee en Constitution and 
By-Laws submitted their report, which was received and adopted. 

The committee on permanent organization reported tlie follnuing officers 
for tlie ensuing year: 

President— Dr. W. F. Crcen. 
\'ice Presi.lent— Dr. E. S. Elder. 
Recording Secretary — Dr. S. P. IVIcCrea. 
Corresponding Secretary — Dr. G. ^l Collins. 
Treasurer — Dr. C. E. Slocum. 
which were each declared duly elected. 

Tlie President appointed the following committees: 

Committee on Admission — Drs. S. F. Elder, AI. R. Gilmorc and J. A. 

Committee on Ethics — Doctors Day, Collins and Robertson. 

Doctor Day mox'cd that the subject for discussion at the next meeting be, 
"Is Diarrhoea a pre-requisite to Typhoid Fever?" 

On motion the society adjourned to ineet the first Saturd^ay in September 
at one o'clock in the seminary. 

S. P. McCrea, ^I. D., Secretary. 

This society met in Sliclbyville. and after two or three years' existence 

The next attempt at organising a medical society in Shelby county resulted 
in the present organization which meets at Shelbyville, and was organized 
April II, iSSS. The follovv'ing is a complete record of the minutes of the first 

Shelbyville, Ixi)Iax.\. April ii, i8S8. 

Pursuant to notices received from Dr. E. S. Elder, secretary of the 
Indiana State ^ledical Society, the following physicians of Shelby county met 
at the court house in Shelbvvillc to organize a Countv ^vledical Society: 

Dr. J. A. Eowlby, Dr.'M. Drake, Dr. H. M. Connellv. Dr. J. A. Comstock. 
Dr. T. C. Kennedv, Dr. E. M. Leech. Dr. AW G. McFaddcn, Dr. ]. \\\ Snider, 
Dr. E. H. Crippen, Dr. L AA". Green, Dr. T- R. Tenkins, Dr. F \V. Inlow, Dr. 
T. S. Jones, Dr. I. AW Trees. Dr. F. F. AMietzcl, Dr. R. R. Washburn, Dr. 
E. F. Wells, Dr. J. G. W-Mf. 

Meeting called to order b}- Dr. J. W. Green at i :30 p. m. 

On motion of Doctor Green, Doctor Jones was elected temporary 

Dr. T. C. Kennedy was selected as temporary secretary. 

Dr. E. S. Elder being present to assist in the organization was called 
upon to state the advantages of a medical society, which he did in a few well 
chosen remarks. 


Dr. T. W. Tifcs m i\e>l tliat the chair ap;ioint a committee of tlirec on 
nominations. Carried. Dr,-;. Jenkins. ConncHy and McFaddeit were appointed. 

Moved that the committee l>e reheved of tlie duty of nominating- a board of 
censors. Carried. 

]\Ioved tliat the constitution and by-laws as suggested by th.e State 
Medical Society lie adapted. 

After discussing it by scctiims it was adopted as changed 1)_\' the society. 

Tiie committee on nominations made the following report: For Presi- 
dent. Dr. J. G. Wolf; for Vice President, Dr. T. S. Jones; for Secretary, Dr. 
T. C. Kennedy; for Treasurer. Dr. I. \\'. Inlow. Report adopted. 

]\Ioved that the society go into an electimi nf a l>:>ard of censors. Carried. 
Doctors Connelly, }*IcFadden and Comstock were elected by acclamation. 

jNIoved and seconded that the society elect two delegates to the American 
Medical Association. Carried. Doctors Trees and Kennedy were elected. 

Moved and seconded that the society elect an executive committee of- 
three. Carried. Doctors ^^'ells. Snider and W'hetzel were elected. 

^Jo\'ed that it be the duty of the executive committee, to prepare a pro- 
gramme for the next meeting and notify the society of papers to be read or 
stibjects to be discussed. Carried. 

Moved and seconded that the secretary be empowered to purchase all the 
necessary books and papers for the use of his oftice. Carried. 

]\Iovcd and seconded that the society elect four delegates to represent 
this society at the Indiana State r^Iedical Society. Carried. Doctors Jenkins, 
Jones, Comstock and Leech were elected as such delegates. 

[Moved and seconded that a vote of thanks be tendered to Surveyor 
Finley and Superintendent Clark for the use of their office for this meeting. 

Gloved that a vote of thanks be tendered to Dr. E. S. Elder for his 
assistance in the organization of the society. Carried. 

Society adjourned for one month. 

T. C. Kexxedv, Secretary. J. G. \\'olf,. President. 

This society has met monthly with more or less regularity since its organ- 
ization, and now has a membership of about twenty-five physicians of Shelby 

On February 8. 1909, the following officers were elected for the ensuing 
year: President, Dr. ?^Iorris Drake: Wee President, Dr. M. ^l. Wells; Secre- 
tary and Treasurer, Dr. \\'. H. Kennedy; Censors, Dr. I. W. Inlow, Dr. J. 
AA'illard Parrish and Dr. II. E. Phares : committee on enteitainment. Dr. T. 
C. Kennedy, Dr. Walter :\IcFaddcn and Dr. Frank E. Ray. Delegate to 
State Association, Dr. B. G. Keenev. 



There is no instnimeiuilit}'. not even excepting the pnlpit and the bar, 
which exerts such an influence upon the society as the press of this country. 
It is the great lever tliat ni.ives the world The talented minister of tlie Gos- 
pel on the Sal.ibath day preaches to a few hundred people: on the following 
morning his thought.- are reproduced in the minds and thoughts of a thousand 
persons, perhaps read and discussed throughout the entire country. The at- 
torney at the bar may make an eloquent appeal to a Judge and jury and a few 
bystanders, but througti the medium of the press his words are sent flashing 
over the wire.- far and near. The wiley politician takes the platform and will 
ably discuss politics an hour before a few score of men. but the new-i)apcr 
coming forth dampened from the press at daylight is read by thousands of 
persons whose vote may have been changed by this politician's appeal — the 
press must ha\-c the credit, however. It is said upon good authority that a 
single paragraph in the daily press defeated Hrm. James G. Blaine for the 

The power for good or evil of the press today is almost unlimited: the 
shortcomings of politicians are made known through its o ilumns : the dark 
deeds of the wicked are quickly exposed, and each fear its power alike. In- 
deed, the controlling influence of a nation, state or county is its newspapers, 
and the character of them determines the destinies and general character of 
the people who read them. This is especially forceful and true in a land where 
free speech of people and press obtains. 

The local press is justlx' considered among the most important institu- 
tions of every city, town and village. The people of every ci.>mmunity regard 
their particular newspaper as of special value, and this not merely on account 
of its being their "In ime jjapcr," but because these journals are the repositories 
wherein are stored facts and events, the deeds and sayings, the undertakings 
and achievements, that go to make up final history. One by one these are 
gathered up and placed side by side in cold type; one by cme tliese papers are 
issued : one by one these papers are gathered and bound, and another volume 
of local, general and indi\idiial history is laid away imperishable. The vol- 
umes thus collected are sifted by the experienced historian into books for li- 
brary use, to perpetually be carving a part in the literary and historic world. 

The local press of a country or city reflects the temper and make-up of 
its patrons largely. Judging from the files of the newspapers now preserved. 


<is al)0\c indicated, in .'-^helby counly. one nuisi neod.^ he iniiiressed with the 
S[)irit and true enieri)ri--e. patriotism and excellence of lier ])• 'i)ulace. ]>leniark- 
ahle as tlie tact that tlie city of Shelhyville now supp. .its fnur daily news- 
papers, with a population of ahoul twelve lIiLiusa.nd peuple. it niu-i ni it he for- 
g-otten that the weekly papers published under many discoura-in^- dilViculties, 
for many d.ecades. have paved the way for their success. The good ol<l- 
lashioned weekly newspaiier, ])rinted on tlie old-style hand-press on [lure rag 
pa])cr, was indeed the forerunner of the daily of the twentieth century in 
Shelby c mnt}-. 


More than three-quarters of a century a.c;"o the first attempt at establish- 
ing a newspaper in Slielby county was made by \\'. H. Ileslip. a Pennsyl- 
vanian b>- birth, he being- a iiractical printer an>i thoroughgoing journalist, as 
was counted at that day of journali-m. The date of his coming to Shelby 
county was in 1832. He brought his entire cfhce fixtures with him from the 
East, the type and presses having been purchased in Philadelphia. I'nder the 
title of the "'Shellnwille Argus," his first issue of a weekly paper made its ap- 
pearance in mid-sinnmer of that year — sevcnt}'-seven years ago. Two }'cars 
of constant struggle for existence finall_\- tlrove the first newspaper man from 
this field and he returned to a more thickly settled portion of the home of his 
childhood — wiser, but it should not be supposed richer. 

That Shelby county was destined as the home of newspapers was felt as- 
sured when in 183S a five-column folio, called the "Recorder," was established 
by Kendall & Clntrchman, two acti\-e voung men. but ^\■llo possessed little 
newspaper experience, and who. after a few months allowed the paper to go 
into the hands of Coleman & ^laymen, who published it until 1S42, taking an 
active part in the famous historic campaign of 1S40. In 1842 the office was 
purchased b}- John P. Wood, and he changed the name of the paper to that 
of the "Indiana Sun." This name not causing it to materially brighten its 
prospects, the old name of "■Recorder" was again adopted. 

In 1844 the "Recorder" was bought by Judge David Thatcher, a man of 
learning and great popularity among the people of this section of Indiana. 
He was a vigorous writer and elevated the paper to a high standing at once. 
After two years the name was changed to the "Xational \*olunteer," it then 
being a newsy, good mechanicalh- wrought pajjcr. of the se\en column folio 
style, vigorous in its editorial style, and an outspoken, fearless Democratic 
organ. This paper served its party well for nearly forty years. Judge 
Thatcher continued to edit it until 1857, when declining health caused him to 
surrender the pen and retire. He sold to William Xorris and John White, 
who in a short time sold it to Smith &- Randiall, who in the winter of 1858-59 
transferred it to the Democratic party, which organizatirm in Shelby county. 


voluntarily contrilnitod cUMUi^li to put it on it? I'cct ag-ain. wlien it was placed 
inuk-r the cdil'Tial nianat^i-nK-nt of Tlionias A. McFarland. 

In SciHenihcr. 1850, tlic oince was pnrchas(?d by an experienced printer 
and able writer, named Reuben Spicer, wlio greatly improved the paper. In 
May, 1871, John Hoop lx)ught a half interest and in August that year pur- 
chased the remaining half. Mr. Hoop continued to conduct it until 1880, 
when the oflice material was sold to Ray & McCorkle. 

One acci.unt of the ^•ariou^ papers of about that time is gi\cn as follows, 
by a local writer : 

"The success of the papers in oiiposition to Democracy in this county has 
been varied. Many of them were ephemeral and hardly deserve notice in this 
■connection. It is probable that the first of these was tbe 'Lancet," a campaign 
sheet, published in 1S4S. with Hon. IMartin 'M. Rav as its editor. During the 
Pierce-Scott campaign W. H. Colescott an<l J. W.' Elliott e^ta1)lishe<l a Whig 
paper, called the '" After the campaign ha.l ende.l. Mr. Colescott 
withdrew, leaving the papei in the bands of Mr. Elliott, and a joint stock com- 
pany was formed ami the name was changed to the 'Hawk Eye," and thus it 
continued until its sudden death. It is probable that ]vlr. Ray, one of the most 
prominent Whigs r.f Central Infliana. an aljle law}'er and forcible \\Tiler, did 
much to help its editorial columns." 

In 1850 what was styled the "Independent," was published by a Mr. 
\'augbn. The "Scissors and Quill"" was published a little later by Edward 
Painter. In 1853 was commenced the publicaton of the "Banner,"" by Bain- 
bridge & We.ikle_\", continued a year and wheti Weakley sold his interest to 
bis partner, who conducted it a short time, a stock- company was formed and 
Colonel Colescott was placed in editorial charge. In 1S55 the "Banner"" was 
bought by Solomon Alter: in 185S or 1859 he sold a half interest to \\'. B. 
Gordrin. This plan continued a short time, when Gordon sold to Alter, who 
continued to publish the paper until 1861. when he received an appointment 
in one of the departments at Washington. D. C, and tb.e paper was suspended. 
In 1862-63 a yir. Hall, of Rushville, commenced the publication of a paper. 
again taking the name of the "Banner," which was editorially conducted by D. 
M. Cantril. After a short career Hall disp<jsed of the property to James 
Thompson, wlio in a few mr.nths sold to George ^\'. Stubbs. After the po- 
litical campaign of 1864 the paper was suspended. In 1866 j. ^I. Cumback, 
of Germantown, Ohio, established and liegan publishing the '"Shelby Union," 
a seven column paper. The name was soon changed, however, to the "Shelliy 
Republican Union,"" and the size enlarged to that of an eight column paper. 
The word "Union"' was soon dropped and was known thereafter as the "Re- 
publican."' For eight years and nine months Mr. Cimiback continued to con- 
duct this newspaper, and in December. 1S74, sold to Simeon J, Thompson, 
now of Shelbvville. 



Shelbyville's first daily paper was llie "Dailv Republican," fiumdcd bv the 
weekly paper just referred to above, tb.e property of Mr. Thompson, who 
started the daily some time in January, 1S70. Its editor was Simeon J. Thomp- 
son and J. J. Wing-ate was its business manager, as well as its rejKirtcr. In 
June, 1S84, the otlice was sold to a joint stock company, organized under the 
name of the Shelby Printing Company. Its ofikcrs were: Charles X. Mat- 
hews, president: James Caughey, secretary and treasurer: ]. |. Wingatc, 
business manag"er. The weekly was a six-column quarto, while the daily was 
a six column folio sheet. IMr. Mathews became editor of the paper. He was 
a Virginian, and a man of exceptional ability as a writer of much experience 
and force at word-handling. At one time or another he has been connected 
with all the papers in Shelby county, almost. He was at one time 'Tndianap- 
olis correspondent" for the Cincinnati "Enquirer" — a natural born newspaper 
man, and at one date a strong journalist. He now resides at Indianapolis. 
where he does special literan,- work. 

The "Republican" changed proprietors in 1905, wlien Mr. W'ingate retired. 
It is now owned and published by the Shelby Printing Company, and published 
and edited by Frederick S. Bugie, Both a daily and semi-weekly edition are 
issued by this paper, each week day being the daily issue. There are no Sun- 
day joumals within Shelbyville, but tlie matter of excellent dailies — four in 
number — for a place of the size is an uncommcai occurrence. 

In 1S72 the "Shell:)yvil!e Indejicndent" (no connection 'if the one by this 
name founded in 1S50) was established by Reuben Spicer. It only existdl 
until 1S75. 

In 1872 a paper known as the "Shelby Democrat," was issued as a cam- 
paign paper, by Robertson & W'oli. and edited by H. C. Conner„ 

The "Shelby Democrat," as known today, is not the successor of any 
other Shelljy county newspaper venture, but was established June 13, 1878. 
Its founders were Bellamy S, Sutton and \\". Scutl Ray. In X'lvember of that 
year Mr. Sutton sold his interest to Albert }vIcCorkle, then SheiilT, and it was 
published under the name of Ray & McCorkle. until the death of the latter 
gentleman, which occurred October 10. 1880. 


This paper was established ^Nfay 4, 18S0, as a fi\"e column folio journal, 
but later changed to tlial r>f a seven column folio. As a p(jlitical factor W. 
Scott Ray was a bold, independent writer of editorial matter. His assaults 
upon President Cleveland's civil sen^ice law enforcements were widelv 



quoted i„ the national an,l .tate pre^s. tluw ,ai.u,^ f, „■ himself mnch news- 

C-enrye M. Kay t.„,k t!ie nKn.a-enien- .f tl;e l,i--i,K-^. Ik- was lMll,,ue<l l,v 
a Mr. I-uIler, in,ni ^[ichi-■an. who condueie.l the paper iinii! he with F F 
Hen.lnck-s, pureliased a controllincr interest in tlie husines. ,,f the V,me This 
,xinnersh,p existed ahout two years, at the end of whiel, tinte il,e "Shelhv 
DemucKat 1 u hhshnyo- Company ' was organized, the date being June i. 1Q04 

lu^f^vV^ TT^^-- "^' ^'^^'•^''^''^^'^'■^ ''^i»S '-e^idents of tlm eountv. and 
all atlihated with the Democratic partv. while John D. Deprep has a contn.lhno- 
interest m sucli shares and is the secretary and'treasnrer. The president .-f the 
coipoiation IS and has been since organization, Dr. W" M Fo,-,! and F (i 
Kcnip, v,ce-preMdenl. while Mr. Deprez is the e.litor. and thronoh hi. vu^y.^- 
go.d management and party popularity, as well as being the warm friend of'di 
outside his own political party, has built up a business that had been badlv rmi 
down, to a first class journal, which is recognized bv partv lea<lers both in 
Shelby county and the Sixth congressional district of Indiana \fter the new 
conipany had been termed, about seven thousand dollars were added f, the 
equipment of the plant, which is now second to none in Shelbv cnuntv -V 
daily and weekly edition is run and the circulation in this section of the staic 
IS large. 1 he job .lepartment ,s well equipped with all modern printing ap- 
pliances. ' '^ ' 

In 18S0 George S. Jones removed the material ,.f the "Fairland F.ulleiin " 
a paper ot bairland. this county, to Shelbvville, and in the spnp.- of tint veir 
commenced the publication of the paper stvled the •■\-olur,teer.- which within" 
a tew months was sold to Frank Drake and WMavd Barnes, and tbeV made 
Charles A. Mathews (before mentioned) its editor. Fie, in an e<b-lorial wav 
only possible by one of his genius as writer, opened up a warfare aoainst Deni- 
ocratic ofhceholders and party leaders, charging them with extrrn-agance in 
be matter ot handling public That campaign was one of the bitterest 
local fights ever had ,n Shelby county, and resulted in the defeat of all but one 
or twoot the Democratic candidates. The following vear Drake purchased 
Barnes interest, and he in turn soon sold to Hoop &>'readwav. who sold to 
the "Democrat Publishing Company." the date of this transfer beino- 18S:; 
Fhe name was then changcl to the "Shelbv Times." and Mav 1, 18S6 the 
initial number of the "Daily Morning Times" was issued. In'lulv. the same 
year the office ^vas sold to Magill. and later he took fo; a partner his 
brother. Joseph ^lagill. who at once assumed the editorship. L, real ne^^•s- 
paper work Mr. Magill has probably had more and varied experience than 
anyone connected with Shelby county newspapers, from first to last with pos- 
sibly one_or two excei-tions. Fie l)egan at the case and learned the "art pre- 
servative step by stei). For years he was associated with the Evansville news- 
papel^, als. connected in various capacities with papers at Cleveland. Chicao-o 


etc. ^Fr. ^lagill finally let his paper suspend and smu-Iu other fields, and at 
last aeci Hints was empl'ved in [Milwaukee on a le.adini;- journal of that city. 
Snnie of the material of his old paper here went into the oftice of the Democrat. 

A DeniMcratie orqan. known as tlie "JelTersonian," was cstal)lished Au- 
gust lo, 1899, hy A. C. 13radrick. who sold Scptemher i. looi, to Louis H. ■•It- 
man, w-ho conducted it until Fchruary i, 1906, when he sold a half interest to 
J. J. \\'ingate. a \eteran newspaper man of Shelhyville, hefore mentioned in 
connection with the publication of the ■'Republican." At this time the name 
of the paper was chan.^ed to that of the 'Ahirnin^- News." and its iir)litics to 
that of an independent paper. The "Jeffersonian" had established a daily 
paper here September 5. 1899. The present morning- paper of Shelbyville is 
the "Xews." a very creditable daily, devoted to the interests of Shelby county 
and the city of Shelbyville. Its editor, Mr. \\'ing-ate. is a careful, correct man. 
whose long- c.\i)eriencc as a journalist has peculiarly fitted him for tlie pri^^ition 
he iK.iw occupies. The "INburning Xews" is the last newspaper started in 
Slielby county. 

Among the last newspapers established in the city of Shelbyville is the 
"Liberal," founded July 15, 1903, by George Vi. Ray. who formed a stock 
company, he having a controlling interest at this time. He is the editor of the 
paper, w-hich is issued in daily form evei"y afternoon. A job department is 
connected with this olttce, as is the case w-ith all printing ofiaces of the city. 
The size of the "Liberal" is a four page. seven-Ciilunin publication, it is a 
newsful journal, gathering news from all possible quarters. 

The "Morristown Sun." published at rvlorristown. in the northeastern 
part of Shelbv countv. was established in 18S0, by Luther Hackleman. later 
owned by Frank Johnson, H. B. Patten. Joseph A. Zike. GcM-ge A. Moorman. 
\\'alter Kaler. \V. D. LLtrlow. and t'le present owner. Ora McDaniel. who 
purchased the ofhce Xovember 16, 1908. It is a six column, foui- pages local 
news and four pages patent. It is independent in politics. 


The chronological list of Shelbv countv newsi)apers is as follows: 

The Argus . . . .' ' ' 1S32 

The Recr.rder ( V..lunteer) 183S 

The Indiana Sun 1842 

The Lancet 184S 

The Independent ( i) 1S50 

The Grape Shot { Whig) 1832 

The Scissors and Quill 1852 

The Banner 1853 

The Republican L'nion (Rep.) 1866 


The Shelby Independent 12) ' 1872 

The Shelby Democrat ( Dem.) 187S 

The \'o!unteer (2) 1S80 

Shelby Times 1S85 

]\Iorriit>nvn Sun 1 880 

Jeftcrsonian i88g 

Liberal (Ind. Dem.) 1903 

Morning Xcws (Ind.) 1906 

CHArn-R x\i. 


Without question, tlie most imiiorlaut calling- f anul ani( iij;- men lias ever 
been, is now and will ever be, the tilling of the soil and the production of 
such tilings as the race must of necessity subsist on — food and clothing. In 
almost any section of tlie country, the farm has been originally, at lea^'t, the 
base of all other indu-lries. This has lieen true from the "rock-hound coast of 
New England." on over the later settled states and territories. e\en to the 
Golden Gate, kissed by the breezes and bathed in the far away I'acific ocean. 
Seven-twelfths of all our American population are directly or indirectly con- 
nected with the independent life of a farmer. The trend of the earliest in- 
dustries of a country, is, however, the result of ilie circumstances under which 
those industries are de\cloped. The atlentinn of the ])ioiieer settler is conlined 
almost solely to the supplying of the immediate wants of food and shelter and 
clothing. For this reason the first settlers of auy given country become farm- 
ers, trappers and hunters, according to the easiest means by which their 
families can lie supplied with the nessities of life. 

For many decades, in this, as well as older countries cm the globe, it has 
been conceded that intelligence is as necessary to succeed in bringing forth 
from the soil the best _\ieids and greater profits for the lab'or expended, as is 
the case in any other branch of the world's various and multiplied industries. 
"Scientific farming" not many years ago, however, by a thoughtless class was 
scorned, but today but few are counted worthy the name farmer wb.o do not 
believe that as much skill and training should be given the youth who seeks 
to make his way through life as an agriculturist as though he was to be fitted 
for someone of the other useful and honorable callings. The man who best 
studies the condition of the soil and watches the plant life with the return of 
eacli season, is he who is crowned with abundant success, while the haphaz- 
zard farmer, who perchance "plants his crops in the moon" is usually heavily 
in debt and is a discontented farmer — hence a menace to his calling. 

During the past centun,- the agricultural societies of the United States 
have been doing a wonderful work in the interchange of ideas and bringing 
about the rhost superior methods relative to farm life. 

The agricultural societies did not flourish in early days in Indiana as 
they have in the last half of century, from the fact that tlie aid, in a financial 
sense, was not granted by the state until the act of February 14, 185 1, was 
passed whicli made a provision for the organization and support of such 


cunnty societies. .\ St;.ie i;..;,,-,! ,,t .\-rici.lmre \vn - crruc.l. witli Govenior 
Jo.scph .A. Wri-ht as its i.rcsi.loiU, and i!ir ni-Ii the oi surli oi-ani- 
zatinii, many (.-Munty and di^iriot sicietie- were I'mmed. 

It was at il;e C(.nndiM„~e in the summer of 184s, in Shell)\ villc. wlicn 
aciiMH was taken in the matter .-f forming a society for the fni-th.erancc of agri- 
ciihnrc. .\t th;it time forty acres <.f land soutlicast of the old distil'.crv was 
pin-chased hy the association th.ere f.irmed. Tlie llr^t fair wa. held cilh'cr the 
-following (certainly not later then the secrmd) antnmn froni then— 1848. 
After the slate enactment had hccome a law the Shelhv coinitv association was 
reorganized to conform to the in-ovisions wf that law. ' Fi-om a historical paper 
on tlie society, written l)y secretary. L. J. Hackney, in 1854, ii is learned that 
the first presiding officer of the Shelhy County Agricultural .\<sociation was 
Rev. David Whitcomb. and the secretary cliosen was Davi<I 'f hatcher, then 
editor of the \" .lunteer. 'J~he date of the real organization was Xovemlier i. 
185 1, when the veneraljle Judge J. Af. Sleeth reported a constitution, and 
Thomas A. Hendricks— later vice-pi-esident of the United State.s— Afartin AI. 
Ray. and janies l^lliott reported by-law-s. The sjiccial feature was the ap- 
pointment of a librarian, whose duty it was to subscribe for all such books 
and periodicals as might be needed liy the members of the society. Such 

publications w-ere to be read by members and returned im- others to read a 

correct account lacing kept of who took this, that or the other paper or book 
out to read and \vhen the same \\-as returned. A comn-iittee was required to 

furnisli two columns of agrictfitural matter for the use of the local paper ilie 

A'olunteer. and the librarian ordered to suliscribe f<-.r numerous farm j.iunials, 
including the Cultivator, Horticulturist, the Plow, I^airie Farmer, Plow, 
Loom and Anvil, Western Hn-ticultural Review-, Ohio .Xgriculturi^t. Pennsvl- 
vania Farm Journal. American Farmer. Indiana Farmer, Ohio Cultivator and 
other pulilicatii^ns l)earing on agricultural sulijects. 

An address was made before the societv in Februarv. iS;2 liv Governor 
Wright and W. T. Dennis. 

From an old crumpled record book, eight by ten inches in size, it is 
learned that the tlrst annual fair of the Shelby County Association gave ])re- 
niiums whicli were easily described on four pages of this record book, and they 
included those aw-arded on crops, stock, fruits, farm implements, flowers and 
domestic maun I'actu res. 

For the best planned farm within the county a silver cun, valued at ten 
dollars, was given. In 185J and 1853 much tnailjle w-as experienced w-ith. the 
conduct of hucksters about the grounds. hi 1853 the premiums offered 
arnountetl to one hundred and eighty-eight dollars and the an.^ount paid on the 
same was four hundred dollars. Silverware and books were the chief pre- 
miums in those days, 'fhi-; was liut the beginning of what came to be a great 
agricultural society in Shelby cunt}-. It began right and h;is been for the 


nidst i)arl. well niaiiaL^vtl with llio pa-sing -f war-. In !SS''i ihe sncicty had 
.t^iamnils npin which I'le inipnucnivnt-; .-ilnnc were vahied at ten ihou-aml dol- 
lars an<l ni'>re five th^n-and dollars were heinj;' paid cut annually tor 
preniiuins, while the receipts for various thinjjs connected with the fair 
amounted to six tliou>and iw > hundred and sixty dollars. 

In 1.^7-1 a new order of thir,L;s was ushered in and a stock company was 
formed, with a lucmher.-hip of something- over three luindrcd per-ons, or share- 
holders. While the county owned the ga-ounds just outsi.le the city of Shelby- 
ville u-ed for fair iiurpo-es, this joint stock assi'ciation owned all the improx'e- 
ments iherc-on. and there many interesting and highly prot'ilahle cxhihitions 
were given. 

From the "Centeiniial History" of Shclhy county, puhli-^hed in ^Syh. the 
suhjtiined is extracted: "I'ortv-five acres of ground admiral>ly adapted for 
the jiurpose. well shaded, an abundance of pure water acccssaljie, one half mile 
east of our city, was purchased in 1872 and fenced. Since th.en tlie necessary 
buildings and improvements have been made. 'I'he race track, one half mile 
in length, is one of the finest in the stale. The lloral hall is fifty by eighty feet. 
buiU in good taste, light, airy and graceful. Agricultural and mechanical 
halls, each thirtv fiv tiftv feet, are well planned ftir the purpose for which in- 

With each returning autumn time these fairs have been sustained. Per- 
haps no county in Ituliaiia has kept its agricultural S'.'cicties up every 
season as has Shelb^■ county. l"he\- ha\'e never failed of pa\"ing out even and 
manv venrs had large sums left on hand. The wdiole nnass of citizens have 
vied one with another in making the Ijcst possible in way of exliii);ts 
and good business tnanagenient. 

There is now in po^se^sion of the present secreta.ry. Erastus Mcf^aniels. 
a valuable souvenir in way of the bill or poster gotten out by the old agricul- 
tural societv, in i860 — it consists of a mammoth slieet advertising the fair that 
autumn, and around it is a wide (ten inch) illustrated border, showing the 
most exquisite designs of tlowers. grain, fiaiit and live stock-. The entire 
poster measures about six by seven and one-lialf feet. It is now intended to 
suital.ilv frame behind glass and place in the court-house rotunda at the semi- 
centennial of the original organization, which date will be 1910. 

The Shelby County Li\e.-tock As-ociation was organized in 1886 with 
H. E. Cole as president, D. H. Thompson, vice-president; Walter Elliott, sec- 
retary, and William Kinsley, treasurer. Annual stock sales in the county 
followed the organi7,ati';m of tliis society and much interest was engendered 
l)y its operations and general influence. 

The Agricultural Association has a half-mile track, on which has 
been i\mn more than five thousand dollars. Close to the two minute mark- 
in time has been recorde<l here. 


chauwick's history of shkluv co., ixd. 

J he othcers ,n 1009 are : Adam ]•-. >ray. president : William Bass, super- 
intendent; E. \y. .McDaniel, secrcary. The usual time „f holding annual 
exinbns IS the hrst Tuesday in September, hut this vear. on account of the 
state lair, will he held beginning August 31st. 

I'nultry fanning was commenced on a broad and advanced plan in this 
county m the early eighties, and has gnnvn to prodigious pr. .portion^ The 
honor ot starting this branch of industry, so useful an,l profitable in this sec- 
tion. IS due to Sid Conger, who began fancy poult rv raising on a large scale 
after first experimenting in a more modest manner. He reallv be^-an in 
1875 with two Partridge Cochin pullets given him bv a friend. He added a 
fine cockerel, and thus laid the foundation for one of the most extensive busi- 
ness concerns m the entire \\-est. Other breeds of chickens were added from 
time to time, and in 1877 .he began making his exhibits at the Indiana fairs 
Still later he exhibiied at the chief fairs in the United States, and in 18S5 
won the great prizes at the Xew Orleans World's Fair. 

The reputation was so built up by Mv. Conger that he commanded im- 
mense prices, a smgle chicken selling for one hundred fiftv dollars, while a 
pen of six hens and one male sold at {\xe hundred dollars' This gentleman 
commenced on a small borrowed capital: in 18S6 sold nine thousand dollars 
worth of fancy eggs and enjoyed a trade extending into all states and terri- 
tories. Canada and England. 

Other men who engaged in poultry business and became important fac- 
tors m the industry were ^Icssrs. T. E. Goodrich. Justus Clapp. James K 
Bowers. Robert Hale. Charles Cage and Frank Corv 



111 1865 there were one hundred elcxen ?cli'>,,l hou.-es in Shelliv countv ; 
in 1870 there were one hniKh'ed k.iirieen ; in ii>j(') there were one luindred 
thirty, the total value of which at the last named dale was $140,000. 

Not until the year 1852, under the ad.niini>tratii.n of Gov. [oseph A. 
Wright, was the present township system f. ir the c aiim. m school-; introduced 
into the state of Indiana, and Shelhy county wa> jiartitioncd inlij thirteen 
divisions, as follows: \\"a>hin.mon. Xoble. Lil)erty, Addis.ui, Hen- 
dricks, Sugar Creek. Erandvwine, Marimi, Union. Hanover, \'an lUiren and 

According to the report made to the county, hv the superintendent of 
public schools, in and for Shelhy dunty. in 1908. the f.illowing appears, con- 
cerning the enrollment of pupils and school huildiiigs in the several townships 
and corpnralinns : 

Pupils luirolled. Xo. School Houses 

Addison 175 6 

Brandywine 284 6 



Hendricks 313 10 

Jackson 200 7 

Liberty 262 6 

Marion 174 6 

Moral 369 10 

Xoble 2S5 9 

Shelby 2:-,] 8 

Sugar Creek 184 6 

Union 205 8 

Van Buren 259 8 

Washington 35S 5 

^lorristown ( Inc.) 181 I 

Shelbyville (City) ■ 1,700 7 

Total 3.554 114 

All but two of the school -houses in Shelby county in 190S were brick 
structures — those two were frame buildings. There are a number of school 



liou,«.-s ill tlii> c.mntv and n, .: in r.>c at llii-^ ,lalc. hut iv-ular schuulb 

are 1k-1,1 in tlu 

.C ll.-t( 


Till? ira.iniiig- scIk^. i] is iiiuler the directioii of the Seventh Day Ailvent- 
ists of Indiana. ;;n(l was cstahlished at r.':'.ef!;:st.'v,vn. Shelliy county, October 
29, 1902. It was Tn^t nanicil after Bc.Qg^towii. inn in 1007 ti>i>k (.n the name 
of the heautiful natural grove wherein it is .situated at the present time. At 
first this institution occupied three rented buildings. The lirst principal was 
Prof. B. F. Machlan. who had hut twenty pupih' the lirst schu. i] \car. The 
wurk f;f erecting suitable .sclnol buildings went forward. William .\pplegate 
donated the sex'en-acre li_>t and C'linrihutions all o\x-r the c inference were 
sent in. Xcarly every conference worker was interested: it was no uncommon 
thing to see ministers. Bible workers, canvassers, farmers, and in one instance 
a dentist, laboring together, with one c 'mmon object — the building of a 
school where might be taught th.e Indiana vnuth. 

Before tlie close of the hrst year it had been tietcnnined to locate at 
Beech.wood instead of Boggstown. This was done and conference tents were 
procured and set up in the grove and there utilized as recitation ni.nns, tlormi- 
tories, etc. A well had been provided that was one hundretl and twcntv-six 
feet deep. The autumn of 1903 still found the academy buildings unfinislied 
and Professor Machlan's family still lixin.g in tents, where thev remained until 
after snow fall. The students, however, lived in new quarters. About the 
grounds the unsightly stumps were blown ( ait tn the ground by means of 
dynamite and the campus provided in the spring with beautiful flower beds 
and shrubs. Xurseries donated, or sold at a reduced rate, peach, pear, cherrv, 
and apple trees: also grape vines, currants, and berry bushes, and a fine 
orchard and vineyard was the happy result. T^dav this sp^t is among the 
most truly charming within SIiell)y county. The academy bui'dings were 
completed in 1904: a well-house was built, and a gasoline engine installed 
and an eight room cottage provided new for the professor. 

The year 1905-06 o])ened with a faculty, as follows: Prof. B. F. Mach- 
laii. principal: IF F. Bens( n. preceptor: Mr<. F(,u Kirby-Curtis, science: 
Xcttie A. (Dunn) Saxl>y, preceptress: .Mrs. Mertie I. Maciilan. sewing and 
dress-making: Mrs. Cora L. Strickler, music; and Elizabeth Bailey, matron. 

At the close of that year H. F. Benson went to Japan as a missioirary and 
there entered a Japanese college to master the language of that countn*. There 
has been changes in the faculty, but the work goes on and at this writing 
there are over sixty ])upils and all drying good work. This school is located 
near Fairland. in Brandywine t'ownship. 

fifteen miles' run with more \ 

vood — and this led 

riie fireman and eriLiineer ami 

s 'mctimes the pas- 

-ry to o-ct In tlie civl of tlicir 

join-ncy, would all 

,i;- tl;e wood up i-nto the small 

lender. Ensjineers 

:lay and firemen -jue dollar. 

There was no such 

s wiirk was when the train ere 

w gut to the end of 

CH.\rid-:R XA' 

In early days railroading in Shelby county was not what one finds it 
today. Then the locomotives, small affairs, were all wo'id-hurners. and had 
to be su|'plied e\'ery ten 
lo the saying- "wchhI up", 
scng-ers. if in much of a 
get out and assist in tlin 
then received two d'Jllar^ 
thing as o\-ertime antl a t 
the trip, he it early or late. 

This was at a time when steam injectors were unheard of and liie engine 
had to be in mulion en the track in order lo pump water into ih.e 1> liler. Engi- 
neers were then supp<.ised to make all repairs on the engine they run, but now 
they kick at tightening up a bolt and want the .shop men to see to small things 
as well as large undertakings in re])airing. Xo block system then either, and 
when two trains run against each other on same line of track, they would start 
from opposite directions and run to a po^t painted white which was usually 
set half way between two station ]ir)inis. If one arrived fii'sl the\- waited a half 
hour and if the opposite train did m.^t put in its appearance, th.e first train 
arriving at th.e central "white post" would take chances and sneak in. liut fre- 
quently had to liack up. as they would meet the lielated train midway. 

Afany times th.e throttle would not wC'rk and steam could not be shut off in 
time to stop the train, and in such cases the engineer liad to open \\p his pumps 
from the tank and fill his boiler up with cold water in order to reduce the 
steam so the locomotive would stop for want of power. 

There were no sort of safety devices then — neither steam brake nor auto- 
matic couplers. 

In the old time freight service if a train was supposed to carrv fifteen 
freights it had to draw that number whether filled with straw or stone, it 
made no difference, hut now all is changed — the horse-power and diameter of 
the drive wheels are the base and the freight is drawn by the ton weight 
and each engine has a given capacity and is seldom ri\-erloaded or '"stalled." 

Men still living in Shelbyville remember well when in going over the 
olfl Knighlstown stra])-rail road, how they had to assist the train crew in wood- 
ing up and watering the IjcouKitixe between stations. 



Lewis crcc 

k. a < 


nice ( 

tirelv of w 




4. 1834. a 

Ilcl ]) 



Mr. Willi;! 

ini 1- 





d w 


Siielhy c'unt}' was early in the \-anyuai'd ■if experimenters in \arinus 
railroad prnjccts. JMuni the date cf the ori;anizati<)n uf the county, fi^-warcl 
lor a nunilier of }ears. the suiiject ni interna! iniiinnenients was upjiermost 
in the minds "i the more entcrprisin.i;- and intclii^ent classes. In i8jj the 
GoN'erncir in !)!> niessa,L;e ad\.icated tlie speed}- c^iiislniction of state r^ads. im- 
provement of ri\ers, etc.. to facilitate transp' -nation, .^lu-lhy county joined 
the advanced march of progress in tlie early tliirtics. Among its citizens at 
that date was Judge Peaslee. living at Shelhyville. He was the projector of a 
road e.xtending from the lop of the liill to the soullicastcrn i)art of tlie city, to 
■ f one mile and a half. Tlie was constructed en- 
heing pulled by horses. It was put in operation July 
were taken the '"round trip" f^r twenly-hve cents, 
the conductor. Thi- wa> tlie licginning of wliat the 
l)e a line to Cincinnati. l>ut capii;di>ts did not seem 
to take very kindly to the unique project, hence the scheme was abandoned. It 
should he stated, in passing, that if this can be justly termed a railroad, that it 
■ was certninly the first attempted on the conlinent, west of the Alleghany 

■ The first real steam railroad in the county, as well as the second in In- 
diana, the third in the I'nited States, west of Cincinnati, was constructed in 
1S46, and completed in 1S49-50. It was known as tlie Shelhyville Lateral 
Branch, connecting Shelhyville with the IVIadison & Indianapolis road, at 
Edinburg. Its total length was sixteen miles. Its president was :\Iaj. John 
Hendricks. The first in order of construction of these earlier roads was the 
Madison & Indianapolis, while the Louisville & Portland was second. 

Shelbv county's second steam road was the Rushville & Shelhyville line, 
with a total mileage of nineteen miles. This was built in 1.S47, and completed 
about the same date as was the first road in the county. The Knightstown & 
Shelhyville line was built about the same date, and was twenty-fi\-e miles in 

After a few years the branch connecting Slielbyville and Edinburg was 
abandoned, as was als.i the Knightstown line. At al)out that date the Cam- 
bridge City branch of the Jeffersonville. }vIadison & Indianapolis road was 
completed, 'i'his road intersected the main road at Columbus, and the Pan 
Handle Railroad, at Cambridge City, all being under the management of the 
Pennsvlvaiiia Company, furni.4ied many advantages to both passengers and 
shippers of various commodities. 

The Cincinnati, Indianapolis & St. Louis road ^>f the "P.ig Four" sys- 
tem of today) was commenced in the autumn of 1849 and cmpleted through 
Shelby county in 1S53. At that date it was styled th.e "Indianapolis, Cin- 


cinnati & LataycUe Railroad." Its projecim- and fn-Jt president was Hon. 
George H. Dunn, of La\\Tcncel>urg, who did more tor llic cause of transpor- 
tation than any dozen men in Indiana. Before the huilding- of this railroad 
corn wa^ a drnc;' at ten cent.'^ a bushel: wheat thiriy-fn e to forty cents: jK-.rk 
one dollar fifty cents to two dollars per hundred ijounds dre;?ed. net. .\t the 
same time good beef steak could be purchased at less than three cents, while 
other produce bore a corresponding' market jirice in Slielby county. 

This company's lines (owned or controlled) connected Shelby county 
with four of the most important cities in the West — Chicago. St. Louis. Cin- 
cinnati and Indianapolis. Thus the ]v.-odncis of farm, workshop and stock 
yards were bn;ught in close touch with the real consumer in far distant places, 
where greater prices always prevailed. Idie paj.senger service was made more 
complete and travel began to rapidly increase, and has never ceased to do so 
e\-en today \\itli the man}' fast flying steam and electric trains through the 
county. Up to 1886 there was a niileage of sixty-five miles of railroad within 
this county. 

As early as 1856 Shelby county enjoyed the benefits of three railroads — 
the Indianapolis & Cincinnati line; the Shelliyville & Rush\'ille line and the 
"Shelbyville & Columbus Railroad, later known as the Canibridge City branch 
of the Jeffersonville, }vIadison & Indianapolis Railroad: also the Edinburg. 
Shelbyville & Knightstown Railroad. The last named road ran along the 
Smithland pike, passed through the town of Shelbyville on Broadway street, 
out by the fair grounds, then on to Knightstown. in Henry county. Indiana, 
It was a curious old flat bar railroad, ever (jut of repair an;! never profitable 
to its owners. During the period of the Ci\'il war the rails were taken up by 
the governnient and shipped South, to be used in the constructii-^n of teniporary 
railroads for transportation of trooi)s and munitions of war. This road was 
never re-constructed in Shelby county, and nothing but the cuts and parts of 
the old grade have been visible for many years. 

At the tinie just named — 1856 — when Shelbyville three raih'oads. 
she also had six dirt roads entering the place, instead of the present fine rock 
graded roads. 


In the march of tinic. with the searching eye of modern science, and the 
studying out of many useful inventions, the transforniation of public convey- 
ance (form the old stage coach and ox team methods), the country has be- 
come a real wonderland of switfly flying vehicles, propelled b} steam, gas and 
electricity, which go hither and yon. at the will of the would-be traveler, 
whether it be for pleasure, or upon professioiial and strict business errands. 
The horse car has ser\'ed well its time and laid by as a relic. The stage coach 
likewise filled its early-day mission, but is no more to be lieard thundering over 


hill and dale. The heavy freight wagon.s of the oldcn-tinic are now onlv seen 
Avithin city and town limits. Steam and electricity have changed all former 
methods, and yet who shall say that we are not yet in our infancy, c\ en in 
these matters which tinlay seem so perfect. 

The first attempt at introducing the electric cm-rent as a motive power 
within Shelby county was in 190 j, when the enterprise of the following 
Shelbyville business men tmdertook the business and org:niizcd a company for 
the purpose of building a line of electric railway from Shelbyville to Indian- 
apolis. These men were — Ed. K. Adams, Albert Deprez, Joseph Deprez, John 
R. Messick, Arthur Thurston and T. E. Goodrich, llie right-of-way having 
been secured the first shovel of dirt in the matter of constrtiction was thrown 
Saturday afternoon, October 27, 1901, at a point just north of the city limits, 
in a cut. The line \vas finished and opened to the general public the first week 
in September, 1902. and continued in the hands of the original incorporators 
until June. 1903, wh.en tlie first company sold their interests to the present 
corporation — tlte Indianapolis & Cincinnati Traction Company, whose line 
now runs between the two great cities. 

Upon the opening of the line from Shelbyville a brass band was engaged 
and accompanied the oHiccrs and invited guests to Indianapolis, where they 
were royally welcomed by an enthusiastic city. September 11, IQ02. the 
road was declared open fc^r general travel and ever since has been known as 
one of the finest lines of electric road within the state of Indiana. Train ser- 
vice to and from Shelbyville is frequent and satisfactory to all concen'.cd. 



Boggstown, platted liy John ]\IcConnell and Armstrong Gibson, in 1867, 
was at the geograpliical center of Sugar Creek township and named in honor 
of Josepli Eoggs. a pioneer settler of this county. It was eight miles to the 
northwest of Shelbyville. It is situated, as originally platted, on twenty-four 
lots at the intersection of the Fairland, Franklin & ^lartinsvil'e Raihoad. with 
the Bluff road. It had at one time a good general store, post-office, black- 
smith and wagon shop and an extensive tobacco maiuifactury, using the to- 
bacco produced in the vicinity. The tobacco was peddled out by large wagons 
that plied the roads in Indiana, Illinois and Ohio. The "Boggstown brand" 
was counted the best to be obtained and demanded good selling prices. 

The earliest merchants there were Joseph Boggs. ^^'illiara FI. Manwar- 
ring, Hugh [NIcFaddcn, who was an old Pennsylvanian who had three sons of 
prominence — James B., an attorney; William G., a physician of Shelbyville, 
and "Uncle" Hugh ^McFadden, a prominent farmer of Sitgar Creek townsltip. 
Of yiv. ]\Ian\varring it should here be added that he taught school and later 
engaged as a clerk in a store, becoming a partner in the same and there sold 
goods for a long term of years, but upon the construction of the Madison & 
Indianapolis Railroad he sold out and moved to the county seat of Johnson 
county, ten miles distant from Boggstown. He there engagerl in merchandis- 
ing and held many of his former customers. v>ho would come many miles to 
trade with him, for he was a sagaciotts merchant, who cave value received. 
He continued in trade until his death, which was at an ad\-anced age. Hugh 
McFadden, the other pioneer merchant of Boggstown, finally sold and en- 
gaged in extensive farming operations. 

Outside of Shelbyville, at an early day, no town was better known than 
Boggstown. The highway on which it was located surpassed any other, en- 
route to Indianapolis, hence the trade was very large. . The tobacco wagons 
sent (lut from this place made man_\" points as far out as }vIiKvaukec. \\'isconsin ; 
Chicago, Illinois, and other now great cities, which at that day were but small 
towns, or little cities. In 1909 there are at Boggstown an elevator, general 
stores, a ^Methodist Episcopal church, a Presbyterian church, an Advent 
church and a seminary of this den<;)mination near. Also an agricultural im- 
plement house and the post-office. 

MOrXT Ari-.UKX. 

M>uu\. Aiil)iini wa-; platted as a villa.crc l)v ImIiii Warner. Ch^i^tol)!lC^ 
.M. Allen. Daniel A. Allen an<l William I". Recnr,l<. The date (.1 jilat filing- 
was Jannary iS. 1S37. when thirty-two lots were surveyed off f^r village uses. 
It was at the e'lniiunn earners ol' seetion 17. 18, U) and jo. tiwnship 1 i. ranye 
ea-i. Later additi'.ns were made. It was in the exael center of jacksou 
township, making- it just tweK'e miles to the southwest of Shellw ville. The 
original name of the place was Illack- Hawk, after an old Indian warrior. The 
first to sell merchandise there was a Mr. who lived in the same ImiM- 
ing — a small affair Init large enough for the Imsiness he carried on. A. Bar- 
nctt was next to come in. then came Sylvester Delano and Calel) Sanders. 
It was in 1S39 that Joseph Hageman located his saw mill at this place, or 
hard h.y it. In 1841 a "corn-cracker" was added and went hy tlie more digni- 
fied name of tloin- mill. A tanricry was also an im])ortant atljunct of the town 
and there the domestic and wild animal skins were tanned and the leather used 
for domestic uses. In i88n the town had a iyi]Milation of one hundred and 
seventy-fi\e people and has alrait that numl.ier at this date — 1909. 


Waldron. originally called Stroups\'illc. was laid out by ricorge Stroup. 
March 27. 1854. It comprised twenty- four town lots, ti/ which there were 
made several sul.)sequent additions. It is situated <jn the line of the railroad 
in Liberty township, eight miles south of Shelbyville and is in the midst of a 
fine agricultural section of the county. George Wooden was the pioneer mer- 
chant here and he handled a good and complete stock of general merchandise. 
He was followed by J. J. Cintis. Other dealers were Messrs. Chaijman. Lare- 
more, Robinson, Stroup. Haymond, Thompson, Trees, Llahan and McCain. 
Graw & Xewton operated an extensive saw mill industry. This was followed 
by a g-rist mill built by John Ferren. In 1854 a carriage shop was started by 
Richey & Pierson. The post-office for mrire than ten vear^ was known as 
Conn's, but finally changed. The first postmaster was T. K. Short, who held 
the position ten years. Physicians of the jjlacc have been. Doctors Richey, 
Washburn, Kennedy. Skull, Pearsons and Jenkins, in the earliest period of the 
town's history. In 1S85 there was a population of aljout four hundred and 
fifty and the i)resent population is about five hundred. 

Waldron is favored, and has been ever since 1888. by being in the center 
of a iiatural gas licit which has been greatly developed within the last few 
years. Not fewer than twenty-five gas wells are to be seen within a radius of 
one niile ■■f the tc 'wn. Gas sells to consumers at twent\- cents i)er thousand cubic 
feet. Houses, both in town and country around aljout are supjilied with this 
product, and used as fuel ami fcir illuminating purposes. 


In April, loor). the l)ii^ines< n\ Waldr..!! cou.-istcfl d'aljiuil iIk- fiillu\v!n,;r : 
J. K. Anderson, -rxvry. J. W. Laniz. -cneval .i-ck: ^Ii>> Tilla UuW:n. (lr> 
goodv and niillip.ury: J. X. Lee .\: C 'ni])an_v. general nieiviiandi-e and farm im- 
plements: A. C. Ahcrnathy. restanrant and fancy tjrocerics: J. & S. Petersen. 
exclusive diy snoods and millinery; J. A. Hayninnd. groceries, hardware and 
druo-s; B. L. Coy. dry poods and groceries: Carry Gardner, meats: J. O. Bry- 
sonl wall paper and fVanu-s : J. B. Archer .K: Son. h'.ots and sli<x-s : Loy Sparks, 
restaurant: Xadin.Q- Grain and Millinii' Company. elev;a>.r: .Mrs. Stomp, hotel: 
Fred Critzer and Carl Garrison, harlier shi:>ps : Ed Ilepner and Geoi-'.;!.' IVrry. 
blacksmiths: ^^IcCain S; Company, harness shop: Thomas Rus.sell. livery iKoni 
and ])ouUrv vard, and farm of nine acres: S. B. Stroup'iV- Conipimy, hnnlu-r 
and coal : Bank of \\\aldn;n, cash capital ten thousand dollar-. J. A. Ilaymond, 
president: Henry Maloy. joh printer: ])Mctor Keclin.e:. physician: T. D. Lewis. 
Justice of the Peace. 

This place has never been incorjionited, Init it is a well reirulited town of 
about five hundred peaceful inhabitants. It^ churches are: the :\Ielhodist Epis- 
copal, whose brick buildinq- erected in 1S5S is still doing service: the member- 
ship is one hundred forty-seven. The rec^nlar Baptist church, occupies a church 
building- erected in 1003. The Se\enth Day A(hentisis have a small c-iigre- 
gation or class at WalilrMU, and. worship in a frame building built in i.'-JSS. 

The school building- is a brick structure originally built in 1873 aiul re- 
built in iSqq — has four rooms and a teacher for each departn-icnt. 

The W'aldron post-office is a money order oflice. and has two free rural 
delivery routes going out from it — Xos. 1 and 2. Jerome Spark- is the present 

The Masonic fraternity owns a fine hall here, and now numbers abcait 
eighty in membership. An Eastern Star degree is a h.elpful auxiliaiy. 

The Odd Fellows have a gond lodge of more than one hundred members, 
and occupy a hall by themselves. 

The Knights of Pythias have a strong lodge here and own a splendid 
brick hall. 


This is a station p' lint on the Cincir.nati. Indianaiiolis & St. Louis Rail- 
wav line, situated in the southwestern part of ?^Liral township, near the county 
line. Situated in the southwestern p'art of Moral township, near the county line. 
As a po-t-office it succeeded Pleasant \'iew. Tt was plotted Xovember 2A. iS.C'7,. 
bv Robert INIeans and J. Dearnian. It began its his<ory as a trading point in 
the fifties, after the com|ileiion of the railroad. The pioneer merchant was 
John Tovce. who continue"! in trade until iSoo. and was at that date succeeded 
bv E. H. Stanlev. In 1869 a grain \vare hrmse v,-as converted into a mill, of 
which ^Ir. Stanlev was the half owner. For more than two decades the firn-i 

266 ciiadwick's historv of siinLiiv CO., ixn. 

of Mean- & Stanley were tlie leading;- mercantile fact'ii-> of the p!,-:cc. The 
business of this vilhiye in lyoci was as follows : a ,t!cncr;il store In- a Mr. r.amcs. 
a saw-mill hy the estate of Thomas X'ahdiverc. receives mail over rural route: 
it also has a brick T.apiist chtuvli edifice and a one m.'mi school house. This 
with a blacksmith shop run by John Means constiiiues all the p'ace contains 
at this writing. 


This hamlet was platted by Andrew Snyder and Isaac Springer, August 
iS, 1835. and contained fifty town lots: twenty-five on the north side of Main 
street, and twenty-five on the south side of the same street. It is in the north- 
east corner of Liberty township: is ei.qlu miles east of Shelbyviile : it is situated 
on a hill and has higher hills all aixauid it. The post-ofi"ice at this poin.t was 
long known as Blue Ridge. It was named by James Marshall, in honor of 
his native place in Kentticky. The pioneer merchant there was John Young- 
man, who sold goods there as early as 1S33. Other dealers, remembered by 
some who were then boys, are: S. Robinson, John De \'aul. aI. Crail, and A. 
Jarrell. D. Fox built a saw-mill at this point in the carlv thirties. Other busi- 
ness factors were: \\". C. Yeager, I. W. Inlow, Jaco].) Querv. I. W. ^^rarshall. 
J. X. ^larshall, Aaron Austin and James Stead. An Odd Fellows ledge was 
instituted there. November 22. 1877. A grange flourished here at one rime, 
but finally, after operating a store a short distance from the place, went into 
decay. The place now has about three hundred population. The interests of 
today are: two general stores — Yager & Marshall and I. W. Inlow: two con- 
fectioneries — John Gahimer and Samuel Fessler: William Ensinminger. farm 
implements and telephone exchange, with one hundred and fifty sub^-criber3 : 
a steam saw-mill by Richard Marshall; a blacksmith shop by X. Yager; a har- 
ness and shoe repair shop b}- John Gahimer; a hotel by Oliver Harlam I'nm 
fifeen years by Jacob Ouerry): a ]Mehodist Episcopal and "'Christian Union" 
church: a tliree room school building: an Odd Fellows and a Knights of Py- 
thias lodge, both of whom own gor-d lodge roijm buildings of their own. Tiie 
post-office was discontinued when the nu-al free delivery system went into 
eft'ect in that part of the county. 

This village is situatdl in the heart of one of the finest agricultural sec- 
tions of this part of Indiana, and land has gone from sixty dollars an acre, in 
i8c)6, to c>ne hundred and forty to one hundred and fifty dollars, vrhich is the 
selling price now — 1909. 


Doblestown was platted by A\'illiam A. Doble, October 3, 1837. fSec 
Deed Record Book "G." page 597.) The platting included something over 
twentv acres. A main street was located on the Michicran road one hundred 


i!Ki.i;v CO., IXD. 26; 

feet wide. A note i? attached to the plaiiincr. i-e.ading- t!iu< : "The pn.prietr.r 
of this town ,-;liall uot be ol^hged tn open the streets and alleys in Dohlestow n 
anv further, nor any soon than the adi'uning lots are occupied." This was 
a wise provision, as the town never ]5rospered much. 2^1 r. D-jhle conducted 
a tavern and there was a woolen mill below town on the western bank ot I'.ii;- 
Sug-ar creek. For several decades the town site has been abandoned and marked 
"defunct." The lots have many years yielded up their treasures to the husband- 
men, who have tilled the soil. 


Brandvwine was platted by Lewis Morgan. June 14. i83_'. It was situ- 
ated a fourth of a mile beyond where the ^lichiyan roail crosses the Ihandy- 
wine creek, about live miles northwest from Shelby ville. and one mile north- 
east of Fairland. The place has frequently been called "■Pin-Hook." by 
reason of the earlv settlers being too poor to obtain proper tishing tackle, they 
improvi.sed hooks from common brass pins, Avith which they caught many 
fine tish of the smaller species. At that date tlie fishes in all streams of Shelby 
countv were very plentiful and easy to catch. For a time goods were S'.ld 
here, but not for a great number of years. 

Fairland Avas originally platted l)y Henry Jenkins and Isaac Odell. 
October 2i?^852. Daniel i^radley's addition was made in March. 1S57, and 
Isaac Odell's addition in October, 1S65. Another addition was made by 
Granville S. Harrell. November, 1S66; Richardson's S: McOuiston's addition 
followed in July. 1872. This hamlet is located aboiit six miles by rail, nortli- 
west of Sheibyville. It was many years the capital and chief trading mart of 
Erandvwine township. :\Ir. Odell, one of the proprietors, settled there when 
the railroad was being constructed through the county and sold large amounts 
of supplies and general merchandise to the graders and track men, as well 
as to the farmers. He finally, having secured sufficient capital, engaged in 
the banking business, establishing the Fairland Private Banking House. He 
was also elected a Justice of the Peace and studied law. He purcliased a good 
law librarv and soon l^ecame known as a successful lawyer and justice. He 
was styled the "Prince of Pettifoggers," and was a terror to higher grade 
attorne'vs. He dabbled in politics somewhat and represented his county in 
the Legislature in 1869-1871. He cntinued practice until overtaken by 
death — actually making a speech, with his law bouk in hand when he died. 

Of other 'business lights in this town at an early day may be mentioned 
the names of Joseph D. and James Lacy, m.erchants and grain dealers. Capt. 

26S CIIAUWICK's history of SHEI-nV CO., I.VD. 

William Jiidkins nwned siiccos fully operated a mill at this ] in i8(",6. 
W'halen Ciibsoii als.i was miiiiU'i-ed amuiig the sturdy and enleriirising- dealers 
of the )>lace. William B. Elder, pr(M)al.l_\ sold mere .i;(>od> and made more 
money in the same length oi time than any single dealer there. Dr. 
S. J. Lewis practiced the "healing art" and cemd.ncted a country ilrug store, 
in which two callings he was accounted a success. 

In the month of April. IQOO. the Ini-siness interests of I'aiiland were rep- 
resented as follows : 

The h'airland National Ixink. that is mentioned in this >u!)jeet of Ijanks 
of the county, elsewhere in this volume: hotel, kn^iwn as the Park, operated 
by R. Alexander: hardware dealers, E. \'. Harrell and H. T. Graham: farm 
implements. Imniariuel h'rakcr & Compan}', R. T. Smith & fSrother. \\'. C. 
Hoop: general merchandise, R. 'J\ Smith & Company, C, T. Gephart &: Sons, 
]. T. Harrell, M. .Mexander and George Gephart: grain, X. E. Wil- 
liams & Company. Xading Grain and .Milling Company: livery barn. Charles 
Carey: meal markets. George II. Ge]ihart. Jefferson Goodrich: lumber dealer, 
the ]-~airland Lumlier Company; coal dealers. Eairland Lumber Company. R. 
T. Smith and Frakcr & Company: cement walks. G. W Bass and C. B. Bray; 
blacksmiths. \\', H. Riser, W. C. Hoop. T'"'hn Oldham, all doing wagon repair 
work and blacksmithing : planing mill. William \\'ea\er: barber slK.'ps. Frank 
Reno, Cole and O. Alexander: harness shop, J. A\ j'lymate & Son: post- 
master. James A. Pcrr\'. now on his third term in oftice: physici;ms. Drs. J. 
W. Snider and M. .m'. Wells: restaurants. Frank Timney. 'e. A'. Harrell: 
Justice of the Peace, [oseph R^iberts: Xotarv Publics. B. W. Bass and T. B. 

There are lodges as follows: ^^lasonic. spr.ken of at length elsewb.ere; 
Knights of P_\thias and. Red ]\len of America. 

The present churches of Eairland are: Christian. Methodist Episcopal 
Baptist and Church of God. 

The school building was remodeled about 1900 and has six rooms, with 
the same number of teachers. 

By an actual local count in the spring of 1900 there were six hundred 
thirty-eight population in I'airland. 


This town was laid out at an early day. a half mile west of Morristown, 
tiear the Blue ri\er. on the Bror.kville State n.iad. Its proprietor wa> Augll^tus 
Eitelgeorge. The "town" was at one time a rival, real and true, of }.lorri>- 
town and shone brightly anKnig the early stars of Shelby count}- as a sprightly 
village. It finally went the way of all the earth and became numbered as many 
another burg of the count\' — defimct. 



Middlctown was platldl by William HanmiMiul and Daniel iM'ench June 
19. i8ji^ — ciL^hty ycar> a^n. It was in Lihcrty t. .unship. I'ridr to the IniiM- 
ino- of the railrnail it was a ]i\cly Imsiness eenler. At lirsi the railway was 
gi-aded through the place and many ccstly (for that day) hnuses were erected, 
in anticipation of coming prosperity, hut sudilcnly the coni[)any changed its 
course and left the place off the route, which fact killed the town. Some of 
the early residents of the hamlet were the Moses, Haymondes, Frenches and 
Eulianks. Jiiseph Cummins ojierated the tirst general store, ami was Justice 
of the Peace. Samuel lla.vter \\as a gnixl l.ilacksmith and of ntuch genius and 
inlegritw In 1877 a distillery wa^. Iniilt there and succec^led for ;i numijcr 
of years. At this date there is nothing save a general sti>re and a few small 
business concerns. 

The attention of the reader is resiiectfully called to an interesting 
reminiscence by Capt. T. L. Haynmnd. in which he gives much concerning 
Middlctown. as it was in its ]ialmy days. 


This village was platted by Th'imas W'oi'lley. January 4. 1S55. and con- 
sisted of forty-two lots. It is in the extreme southern part oi Shelby county. 
in the southwestern portion of W'ashitigton township. It is situated on the 
line of the Jeffersonville. Maflison & Indianapolis Railroad. It has alwa}-s 
been a good trading point and took advanced steps about 18S0 and grew 
rai)idly. The John and William Xading's grain was one of the 
important adjuncts of this thriving tnwn at an early day. .\mong the earlier 
business men were Wesley Xading. C. P. Isley, general ilealers: Akvin ]\fo.ii-e. 
saw mil! ; Drs. Pettigrew, Connelly, Xorris. Free. Benham, Kennedy, Lytic, 
Hand}- and Jones, who at one time or anotlier practiced here. 

The ])eople who had to do with the moulding of the business and societ}- 
of Flatrock were of a \ery enterjjri-ing tyjje, and stond for all that was gnod 
and law-abiding. In the eighties there exi>ted a novel horsethief detective 
association at I'latrock. The members imited in helping to bring to justice 
tlie numerous horsethief gangs tlien going through Indiana, and uj^on failing 
to secure the stolen horses, the member> agreed to replace the value of the 
horse stolen, by per capita assessment, making it really a horsethief insurance 
company on the mutual plan. 

The present business and other interests of the village are the following: 
Two general dealers. Ray Miller and I. .\. Fndicott; grocery store. E. D. 
\Vrigln; liardware. William :\Ir,rris: livery barn. William Russell: lumber 
and grain. Simon Xading Grain Companv : village h'jtel, George Hildcrbrand : 


meat market, l^-ank llildcrlM-and ; hlack.'^miths. two in 'I"hc jw-sl- 
master i> Hairy J. Xadiut^'. imw in liis 5oci>nd term. Tlierc arc two plixsicians, 
Drs. 1). A. Pettigrew and Wert;'. Tlie vi!Iag-e schonl l.uildin- is a f.'iir-room 
structure, erected alinu 1894. The l^dqes ui the place are the Kniyhts of 
Pytliias and Red ^[en. l)oth iiwning- their own liall.s. The churches repre- 
sented are t!ie .Methodisi Eiii.-cuiial and Christian. A ])ul)l!c tekphone system 
is of.e of tlie connecting links with the surrounding cmntrx-. and one hundred 
ninety-two are now sul)scrihers to sucli an enterprise. This i- (.ne of ilie small 
villages of Shelby county, hut is important to the excellent farming coiu- 
muuity rtmnd about it. 


This was another of the early-day i^lattings in Shelby comity. The filing 
for the plat of this village was made October 2,8. 1851. by Hezekiah Smith. 
It contained sixteen lots of a nuarter of an acre each. It was situate<I on the 
line of the old Edinburg & .Slielbyville Its geographical location 
■was in Hendricks township. Austin Clark opened the first store in the i)lace. 
Aaron and Jesse Siuilh were very early merchants. McCain iS: Smith built a 
saw luill in the fifties, whicli did an exten.->ive luiuhcr business. Hiawatha 
Lodge. Xo. 193, IndeiK-ndent Order of Odd Fellows, was instituted first at 
i\Iarictta, but owing to the great number of men who responded to Lincoln's 
call for troops to sup]3ress the Civil war. the charter was surrendered. After 
that conflict had ended a new lodge was instituted at Smithland. witli I,. Jones 
as its noble grand. 

Li 1S58, in the mrmth of May. a INIasonic kjdge was instituted at Wal- 
dron: later. Lodge Xo. 197. Independent Order of Odd Fellows, ua^ f.^rmcd 
there and has flourished ever since. An encampment was also formed in iSSo. 


This place was once the liveliest tr.wn in the northwestern part of Shelby 
county. It was platted in ]\Ioral township, July 6. 1S36, by Alexander ?kleans. 
The place really began its existence as a trading point, in 1S3;. when Fred- 
erick Thatcher moved there with a small stock of goods. Being on the old 
^Michigan road and a stage station, it became a lively place at which in gather 
and exchange jM-oduce for goods. There were two .good hotels in the town, 
several stores and numerous shops. Here the d'lCtors seeiued to center and 
thrive in their profession. At one time the v.-oolen factor}- industr\- \vas suc- 
cessful here, but with the conslntction of the railway through the countiy the 
town was seen to be doomed and all of its early prospects blighted. 



Xorristown was platti-d Xuvcmuer 22, 1831, by Da\iM Wintcrrowd am! 
oihcis, includiuL;- llcr.vy Dciwcn. U \va? platted in \\"a?hini;lon lown-h']) 
and is now amoni;- the defunct places of die ccunty. Henry Deiweii. llie first 
mcrcliant, came as early as 1S45 ^'^ ^^^^^ point. William Winterrowd com- 
menced merchandising alx>ut 1S30. Other early dealers were Sylvester Til- 
son, David Tuel, Dr. W. A. B^wdine. and John Xewton. The physicians of 
the hamlet were D.-ctor Kennedy and James M. Xorris: the trnvri was named 
in honor of the last named doctor. In 1S53 a }>Iasonic lodge was instituted 
at Xorristown. with David Conger as worshipful master. In 1SS6 this lodge 
had a membership of over sixty and was counted among the strongest lodges 
within this part of Indiana, for a country lodge. The Grangers and Red ^Mcn 
of America both sustained lodges at X'orristown in its palmy day. The 
]\Iasonic lodge is still kept up at this point. The business is confined to a 
small retail store and a shop or two. The Methodist Episcopal church is still 
flciurishing there. 


This village was platted by James A\'ray. June 19, 1S39. and to this were 
made several small additions. It was located in Hendricks township. The 
first to embark in merchandising at this point was William Cooper. The first 
general store was that of S. Robertson. Later merchants were Pvush & Engler, 
Samuel Elliott. B. F. §turgis, Thomas [McGarren, Lafayette Davison, Wil- 
liam Higgins, Harry Xorton. "Bud" Snapp. ^\'illiam Cochran. Abner Richey, 
Harry Hageman. Lewis Conner and James French. About the date of build- 
ing the railroad, a saw-mill v>as jjut in operation by ^Iv. Heistand. who \vas a 
large lumber cutter until his mill was finally destoiyeil by lire. D. H. Slagel 
also had a saw and grist mill, being the grist mill built by Samuel Elliott 
long before the Civil war. In the eighties Marietta had several business houses 
and was prosperous. It has hardly held its own v.dth other villages in Shelby 
countv. Today there are two general stores, several shops, a graded schoril. 
the Methodist Episcopal church and the Knights of Pythias and Red 'Men 
lodges, both owning their halls. 


Fountaintown was platted by pioneer Matthew Fountain. December 23, 
1S54. and to it was made an addition in 1S6S by Richard r^Iilbourn. There 
had been some Inisiness at Fountaintown before the village was plaited. 
The Fountains and Benjamin Freeman were amcmg the early merchants. 
Up to 1867 the town grew slowly, but upon the conii>k'tion of the Cincinnati, 








& I, 

idianapohs I 


v>';id it ti'Ok on r.ew 


•ities .-'.nd in t8S6 h;id 

a popula 

ion o 

three hund 


and fifty. All brai 


of business ha\e been 

represented hei 

e. inclnding 


■ mills. gri>t mills, s! 


etc. In .\ugust. 1887. 

a Knight 

s of I 

yihias lodge 


^ instituieil ;'.nd siiKx 


the civic societies and 



tlourislied w 


It is the (.nly Vn 

n in 

\'an Buren townsliip 

and draw 

s a largo trade fi 

oni the surrounding c 


". Its jM-esent ]iopnla- 

tion is a1 

inUt 1 

lie hiuuh'eil 


1 fifty. There are l. 


d. stores, a Methodist 



eh, a graded 


Iiool. grain elevators 


. etc 

G\vynne\"ille was laid out as a village l)y Alexander D, rolliti. Jaiuiary 
25, 18S1', and to the .riginal plat Mv. J'ollitt added more lots in May, 1881. 
This town was nametl in ln'iiur nf O'Brien Gwynn.e. a nierch.ant and excellent 
business man of Cartilage. Ru-h county. Indiana, who had large landed inter- 
ests in this vicinity. It was platted in Hanover township, on the Brookville 
road. The varicus business interests have been re])resented here, inchuling 
general stores, shops, etc. The first merchant v.-as Warren King, who com- 
menced selling goods iiT October. 1881. Folli^wing him came William M. 
Swain and Robert }ileriditb, partners; the next was W. \\'. Wilcoxen and 
William Leisure. J. E. Earnest was the first blacksmith to wield the sledge 
at his glowing forge. A saw mill also furnished mitcli valuable Itunber to 
the surrounding ci-nniuunity. Tile and brick were made at this point in large 
quantities. At this date the ljn>iness is confined chiefly to a saw and planing 
mill, owned by W. W. Wilcoxen; a general store; a United Brethren and 
Methodist churches are also foun.d prospering there. Good natural gas wells 
have been developed around Gwynneville. supplying the \illage with abundant 
gas for fuel and illuminating 


Freeport was platted by Ira Bailey. Alexander Ritienhou,->e and John Mc- 
Cormick. March 17. 1836. This is in Har.over township. Other additions 
were made by Mr. Bailey in 183S. Bailey's mills on the present site of Free- 
port, at an earlv date drew many peo])le thither for their bread-stuffs and 
made a desirable trading point as well. John Corell was the first gentleman to 
open a store, it is claimed by some, while others think that the honor belonged 
to John McCormick. Xathan Prince, Alexander RittcnlKiuse and Judge Ira 
Baiiev were also pioneer merchants there. Toward the close of the eighties 
the town only supported a flouring mill and a geiteral store. It n.ow .sustains 
a general store and a good mill. There is a fine stone dam at this place and it 
is frequently sought out by fishermen, who there find much .<port and heavy 



Vinton, in Mora! townsliip. on tlie Michigan nvui, was platicd bv )o1in 
AndR'\v.>; an.l Jamc? I'empletiHi. Marrli 20. 1S3S. It was a small tra"clin<? 
place bin never materialize. 1 a> much of a village. 

This .village was platted in Xoblc township (the post-office being known 
as Sulphur Hill) by Lewis Cline. October 28. 1S53. and consisted of thirty- 
two lots sixty by one hundred and twenty feet in size. As a business point it 
has never amounted to any considerable importance. At an earlv day Gibbs 
and Johnson sold goods there. In tlie eighties a grist mill and lime kiln w^ere 
successfully operated at this point. The village has a strong Pythian lodge, 
with a membership of more than one hundred hity, the order having a fine 
two-story brick building. The village has a Methodist Episcopal \diurch, 
gradc<l school, stores, black-miih shoj). dc. 

The village of London, in }iIoral township, cliietly located in section 25, 
and the original and subsequent plattings of the village were made by Aaron 
House, in July, 1S52, being surveyed by J. :M. Elliott and John Dargin. Prior 
to the construction of the railroad, in the fifties, no business enterprises had 
been attempted, but soon thereafter Jesse Oaks opened a small store, remained 
a short time and owing to failing health, sold out to McDougal & T\IcI\ay, 
who continued in a prosperous business for several years, and were followed 
by Oliver L. Means. C'nnn &- Jeffries came in soon after the railroad was 
finished and traded for a time. Perhaps the most successful merchant ever liv- 
ing and operating in this village was Thomas Francis. The palmy days of the 
place began to wane and notwithstanding every possible efl:"nrt at fielding trade 
and building up various industries was carried out, }et all seemed to be under 
the rough hand of fate. About 1S56 a large building was erected for a 
seminary, but after a few school years it failed. Xathan'^Earlywine should be 
remembered as being the pioneer blacksmith. Dr. Thomas R. Rubish was 
practicing medicine there in 1SS7, but soon the place was lost in the march 
of other enterprising towns and now is among the many earlier village plats 
of Shelby county, where but little business is transacted today. It is a station 
point on the traction line; has general stores .:>iicrated by \V. A. ]^Ieans and 
David Tucker; a grade<l school, a ^dethodist Episcopal church, and grain ele- 
vator. It has a population of one hundred. The Pythians and Red Men have 
lodges here. 



ST. r.\UL. 

'J'lie vill;;i^e <if St. I'aul. in Xoble t'lwnsliip. i- l.ul a i)Mni.;n of a town 
locaietl chiclly within Decatm' county. 'J'he addition made in Shelby county 
was platted hrst l)y John I". Stephens. April 4, 1S3O. This pl.a.ttinc;- comprised 
one lunidred L 'ts in the we.-t of the \'>\\n plat in Decatur county. It i- 
strictly speakin,y- a Decatur c mnty ti w n and hence needs- no treatment, hi— 
torically, in this connection. 


Prescott. in Shelby townsliip. was laid out by S. L. Dorsey, June 28. 
1867, and to it was made an addition in i86<). Like Lewis Creek. St. John's 
and Ray's Cro^sin^:. on the line 01 the Jeffersonville. }*Lidison &: Lidianapolis 
Railroad. Lre-c tt i- but a way ^tati m. Tlioe vir.a,£,a-s have all had their part 
in the g-eneral buildiiii: up vi Shelby county. Inu jiossess no g-reat amount of 
local history to be recorded in tliis work, being pulilished at the opening of the 
twentieth centiuy. 


As previously stated Marion was the first place platted in this county, 
the date being December 27. 1820. while this county was yet a part of Dela- 
ware countv. It was laid out by John Sleeth and James Wil-on and was 
originallv filed in Franklin county at Brookville, the seat of justice. The 
original town had fifty-six lots. The early iiihabitants of Marion were per- 
sistent in their efforts to have the county seat of Shelby county located, there. 
The location is excellent, beautiful and high. After the county seat w-as lost 
the j-i'ace went into decay and part of the town lot^ were vacated -and reverted 
l;ack to the original owners, (jr to their legal lieirs. 


The original town plat of ^b.rristown was laid out by Rezin Davis and 
Samuel Morrison. ^^Lay 3. 182S. It was surveyed and platted by Meredith 
Gosney. It consisted of forty-eight lots sixty by one hundred and thirty-two 
feet each. The streets are sixty feet in width, and alleys twenty feet. The 
main street was laid out on the Brookville State Road. Rezin Davis" addition 
to the town was mad.e July 3. 1S40. and, comprised twenty-four lots immedi- 
ately east uf the original jilat. Otlter additions were subsequently made. Tliis 
place is situated within Hanover township. One of the first merchants of this 
place was R. .A. Toal. who opened a stock of goorU in a log h.nise near where 
Dr. Salisbury's residence later >l..i.Ml. Si on a frame add.iti. .11 v.a- iJrovided ai;d 
Ills stock greatlv increased. I-"or many }ears this was the princijKil bu>iness 


liousc of tlic low 11. .•■-lid was i;.ccii]);c.l by iii.-;-iy oi the pi.'iicor ('ealcis. one afic'- 
• aiiotluT. Sclli M. C'ok- :uul smi. W. i). ('"\c. we it aiiiMnj.,>- ilu' carlv uu-n t" 
handle niCTchan.hsc ilieiv. (Xhcv> weiv J.-epli .^taff. nd. Isaac Miici, Alex- 
ander liargTi've ami lame.- O-lx'ir.e. wlm v. e-e amnni;- ilic class justly kmnvn 
now as pioneer iactMi> ..f .Morristiwii. In I'a.ct, the business there was quite 
limited until the buililing- of tlie IvliiilnirL;- 6: Kni.<;htst' .\\ n Railroad, ci>n- 
structed in 1S4S. A.;.rain in iS'H'i. \\i:eii tiu- Liiieiiniati. H.uniU..ii X: IXayLm 
Railroad was luii^hecb a new life and .et in at M ^v:^^>u<•^n which' ii;;- 
nc\"er been retarded ]',y 18S7 almost i \ ery branch I'f Irade ;;nd indir-try 
was tliere found in a i/ruspcrcus F.\en s,, e:irl_\ it v,a.- the thi/d 
shijipinLi point in imp inar.ce ■ 'U the entire line and its jjopulatioii was "about 
seven souls". - lys documents of the date of tS8o. Masonic, Knights 
of Pythias, and ( )d<l b'cllow- lod-cs were th.en flourishing- at that p. .as 
they are tod .;y. (See liisuu-y of ic>dge- elsewhere.) 

Of ^lorrisiown in 1909 it may he red rd.ed that from tiic best obtainable 
infornialioii it consists of eme tluju-and ptonie. of the Imsiling, bustling, wide- 
awake type, who always make things ut i\ e to the tore-front. The curren; 
telephone direct(jry gives the number of pa.tror.s at ?v[orristown as three hundred 
and eighty, which shows that the people there have freriuem comnninica-ioni 
with themsches and side towns, vj a degree second onh- 10 Shelby ville. 

l"he first pottery in Shellw crniiUy was located one mile east of Morris- 
town, as early as 1830. Here Rewis Johnson made en ck-. jar-;, etc., fi-.r 
some time. 

In April. 1909, the following business firnis. churches, lodges, school?, etc., 
were in a prcispercus condition at ^.lorrislow r : 

The Union State liank. with a capital i.'i S23.000. Tlie cashier is C. T. 

Hotel, by Mr.-. Elina ]\.rter. 

Grain dealers. C. S. Patten and Joseph Zike in one firir. and ^I. C. Rurk 
operates the other elewator liu-ines-. 

Rnmber. Green-Wilkinson Rumber Coinj>any. 

General dealers in merchandise, W. A. Bodine. who has traded there 
over forty-two years. \\'. T. Smith, a dealer over twentv vers in ]\Iorristown. 

Grocers. S. \'. Hinds, wdio also handles hardware and farm implcmerits ; 
W'jirkman & Myers, and they also handle meats: C. P. Zike. exclusive gro- 
ceries: Reece & Cleans, groceries and meat market. 

Inirniture dealers. O. O. Frazier. alsn handles strives and hardware; J. I". 
Hargrove also handles implements. 

Hardware stores. People's Supjjly Compaii}- — hardware, buggies, etc. : 
T^Iatt Hendricks, harchware. implements and automoljiles. 

Rivery barn, R. M. Talbert & Son. 

Embaliner and funeral director, C. A. Rcvvis. 

2/6 CIIADWICk's history of SHELBY CO., IND. 

IJarber slinj)s, C. '1". Coleman and Smith. 

Restaurants. Mn-h I'.anks and Ray Hock, wli.. nperans a l.akery. 

Drug.s. W. L. I'aii-h. wh'j in Marcli. i<joS. l).,u,L;iit the <;ui-k fmm pioneer 
T. C. WiXMnck. wlir, k.a.! lieen in trade ni that Hnc fur thirlv-ei-ht vcar.>. 

MiUinery. Mrs. ]1. P.. Gmnway. 

Cement block manui'actnrer, J.'hn Xi.L;li. 

Photngraph gallery. Joseph Shaekle. 

Jeweler. A. S. Zimmerman. 

Physicians. Drs. McCrca and P.ass. W. R. Ecntlv, Picrs-.n & I'atten. 

Dentistry. II. P. ^IcKeand. D. D. S. 

Real -estate dealers. Patten & Rigd.v,i. C. M. R.^ck. O. D. Pauley & 

Xolary Public, Ju>cp!i Zike and William I'atters.ju. 

Justice of the Peace, Joseph ^.lyers. 

Xew .-paper, "Morristown. Sun,"' edited l.iy Ora McDaniel. 

^klerchant tailor. Fred \\'. Gottleib. 

Postmaster, of the fcnirth class oftlce with tltree rin"al free delivery routes, 
'\\'. H. Philipy, now in office eight years and more. 

The milling business is now handled by an exchanL;e. The old mill tliat 
had served .■-:i long was burned in 1908 after having run ab^ait fifteen years. 

Ami.'iig the new enterprises of ^lorristowii may be mentioned tlie con- 
densed milk factoiw nriw being put in operation, and which Ed. Handy is at 
the head. This is a fine plant and will add much life to the tov,-n. 

The town is inccirporated and has fnr its preser.t eounci' — W. li. ^vliller. 
C. S. Patten, and H. B. Cole. The Town Clerk is .Vrthur F. Pass and the 
Marshal is F. R. Swift. The Treasurer of the incorporatic'U is C. II. Sterling. 

!\Iorristown has churches at present as follows: ?klethridist Episcopal, 
worshiping in a church erected in 1S75 and has a membership of two hundred; 
Methodist Protestant. v>hich worships in the edifice erected in 1856, and tlie 
Christian church, \\hich is mentioned in another place in tlie wurk. 

The educational element always predominated in Mi'rristown and mo-t 
excellent schools ha\e ever obtained. There is now a tlr.e five department 
brick school building, originally erected in about 1S90 and t'j which was large- 
ly added in 1904. The property cost 815,000. 

Natural gas is furnished to the town's people by what is called the Home 
Light and Fuel Company. The gas is derived from wells within Shelby 
county and was first utilized abjut 188S. 

The fraternal societies of the town are: Masonic. Knights of Pythias. 
Woodmen and Red Men. 

Another remarkable feature of this town is tl;c pre^el;ce at this date, of 
twenty-five flowing we'ls of the rarest purity of water. The first of these 
stran,ge, but highly valuable v.'ells of living, he:dth-giving v.aters, was discv- 


'.i.r.v CO, 



ered nii^ro ilian a quaner of a ct-.Uury a^o. These wells are olitaine(l at abuut 
the depth of from fifty eo eighty feet helow ilie surface and seem inexhausiible 
in their ?upi)ly. One well of this type is situated near the curliing on tlic prin- 
cipal street and for years has been the pride of the tmvn. Here both man and 
beast ha\e secured the cording waters fr 'in a source that bespeaks of no disease 
or impurity. Another more recent tluwing well is that utilized with much good 
results at the condensed milk plant. 



I Shelhyvillc, tlie cliiel municipality and county 5(.at of Slu-lhy county, In- 

-' diana. has a history dating- from September i. 1S22. when it was platted by the 

conimis^iiuiers of the county, through Eben Lucas, siu'veyor. and the same was 

1 acknowledged by Abel Cole, then county agent. The description of the town 

plat, it- ])ublic S(|uare and its various ai'diti >n- and sub-divisions have been 

given mider the head df "Tr.wn and \'illagc l^lats,'' hence will not be repeated 

:: in this chapter. 

j Situated in one of the most fertile and productive agricultural districts 

I of Indiana, and p>->ssessed of many manufacturing jilants. notably its d' 'zen 

I and mnre e.xtensi\-e furniture factories, ranking second in the entire L nited 

i States — those found at Grand Rapids, [Michigan, only being larger in their an- 

! nual output of household furniture and office fixtures. These great faclories 

1 that take the raw material from cars, and with the most improved meihodis, 

; fashion the most exquisite forms of elegant furniture, have, within the last 

; twenty-odd years given to the city of Shelbyville a new life and vigor. Her 

! population has. trebled since those days back in the eighties, these indus- 

tries first kindled their fires as factories whose useful products are to be found 
I and sold at retail in all sections of the United States. 

Havin.g been made the county seat in 1822, it has always l.iccn the seat of 
I justice and this of itself has brought it in touch with the outsiile world as 

j nothing else could possibly do. 

\ Tlie progress made by this city is best shown by comparin.g it to what it 

I consisted of in 1S36 — fourteen years after it was platted. The best record of 

— the standing of Shelbyville at that remote day will be found in th.e following 
; account written of it centennial year. 1876, by one wh.o had formerly resided 

\ in the city when it was a hamlet. This article, signed "L S. D.," was published 

I by Reuben Spicer. and reads as follows : 

]■ "At that period I refer to, Shelbyville was a mere village of between six 

i and seven hundred inhabitants. The buildings were mostly one-story frames — 

I a few log- cabins were still standing — and the brick houses did not num.ber to 

1 exceed a dozen. It contained five or six stores, which en-ibraced, in addition to 

J dry goods, groceries, hardware, Ciueensware, drugs, medicines and dye-stuffs; 

j no set^arate stores for the last nan-ied articles were then thought of in so small 

; a place. There were two 'taverns' on a st-nall scale, and at least two licensed 

' saloons, known in those days as 'groggeries.' The population was chiefly made 


up nt the niercliniits refcrrccl to. couuly nfficials. lawyers, (loctnr.v. no prcachors. 
except one local Methodist, and quite a nuniher of mechanics in a small way. 
The only church buildinj^- in the place wa^ a weathcr-licaten frame of small di- 
mensions, innocent of paint outside or in. where some thirty or forty Metho- 
dists>hipcd when the two 'circuit riders" made their calls alternately in 
two weeks. I remeniher that year one of the itinerants died, leavin.q- only one 
in charg-c. and of course the congregation then fasted longer between their 
spiritual meals. The salaries paid then tn pa^f-r-; were verv (hminutive c<an- 
pared to the present time (1876). This i)reacher. I was credibly informed, re- 
ceiyed lor Iiis salary only one hundred twenty dollars during- the whole year, 
and he with a family to support : and what was particularly hard on him he'lost, 
in the meantime, a horse wortli some tlfty or sixty dollars. The Presbyterians, 
some twenty or thirty in number, had meetings in the court-house once a 
month, and Rey. Mr. .Monfort. of Greensburg. supplied them with preaching. 
There was nothing- in the shape of a market house; the citizens depended on 
yegetables raised on tlie ample sized lots of rich soil, which eyery citizen cul- 
tiyated with great care. As yet there were no butchers to furnish meats, and 
the r;nly supplies to be (ibtaincd in the summer were on each Saturday after- 
noon, when a number of 'shootists' would assemble on the commons east of 
the mill, and having procured a live lieef. often a miserable scrawny-looking 
bovine, and ha\ing divided the costs into a certain number of 'shoots' correc- 
sponding- to the nuniber who desired to participate, they would take shares and 
shoot for beef. When it was decided whr, had won the prize, the beef was 
slaughtered and cut up before it was cold, the citizens standing around, each 
waiting for a piece, and fortunate was he if he could procure anv part of the 
animal that was digestible. I have gone there and found such a scramble for 
pieces of the coveted 'fresh meat' that I would retire in disgust without any. 
There was no newspaper published in the place \\hile T was a resident; the 
people obtained their news mostly through. Indianapolis pajiers. J can call to 
mind only a few of the more. prominent citizens; Dr. S. P.. ^Morris. County 
Clerk, and Doctor Robbins, Recorder, two excellent men. David Thatche;'. 
merchant and a leading member of the .Meth.odist church; ]\[essrs. Kennerly 
& Alayhew. merchants, the former also a Probate Judge, both first class citi- 
zens ; Royal Mayhew and William J. Peaslec. lawyers of good standing; Cum- 
mings & :McCoy, leading physicians of the old school, and Doctors Hombcrg. 
brothers, from Germany, homeopathic. That mode of practice then just being 
introduced into this country, was subjected to much ridicule, and it was but 
natural that the people should slightly change the pronunciation of th.eir 
names, calling it "Humlnig," which was freely done, and sometimes to their 
great annoyance by rude boys in tiie streets hallooing to them. One of the 
brothers, a bachelor, reputed to have been well educated in his own country, 

28o cuadwick's histdrv oy siiKi.r.v CO., ixn. 

became s:i seii-ilivc mi the sulijecl iIku he rictuaily ajipliol tn ilic T^eg'i-lature 
ami bad lii> name changed frcim llcniheriL;' tn anoilicr name. 

'J'lie staralard <<{ im Tality. and panicularly temperance, was far helow the 
present, had as it is siip-posed to he n.>\v. Perhaps four-fifths of the people 
then drank inioxicaiini;' licpiors, ihc alniv^st universal bc\-era.^-e bcin_s^ 
At g-atherin.qs of every kind, such as 1. q-nillini,'S, iiousc-raisi'i.s:s, harvcsiin.a", 
and especially at elections, tlic whi.-ky hMtiie was one invariable accompani- 
ment. Those candidates who pro\ed most hheral election dav were most like- 
ly to succeed, as one who \\('uld not treat was regarded illihcr.'d and me:in. or 
Avhat was worse, a temperance man. To show the influence that whisky had 
on elections. I will here mention two incidents: The year previou.s lo my so- 
journ in Shelhyville. a gentleman was elected Senator, he Ijeing a decided 
Whig-, when the county was largely Democratic. T enquired how- this came 
about, and was informed that l1ie Senator-elect, lieing wealthy, had fiu-nished 
each poll with liquor, far bexnnd the ability of his opi)onent to do. and thus he 
prevailed. The next year, among the candidates for the Legislature was John 
Hendricks, fatlier I believe of the late \"ice President. lie was an intelligent, 
religious, temix-rate man. and e\-er_\hi:)dv aci<nowledged his r|ualifications (or 
the office, but h.e had declared in advance that he wijuld not 'treat.' Soon after 
he was denounced all over the country as a 'temperance man.' and he was de- 
feated l)y a Jarge vote. \\'hile such was the prevailing sentiment throughout 
the county, yet in the town of Shelbyvillc there seemed to be a strong under- 
current of opiKisition to the traffic, as one circumstance will show : A grog.gery 
keeper, wishing to renew his license, and it being required that he present to 
the commissioners a petition with a certain number of free-holders, twenty. I 
think, he sought the town o\-er and failed in getting the required nuinber. But 
this did not defeat him. He resorted to the trick well known among liqui^r 
men at that day. of deeding a sqimrc foot of gromul off the rear of his Int to 
the number of persons requiring to be on his petition as 'free-h.i.'ldcrs ( ? ) . Al- 
though it was evidently a great piece of frau'l. it was decided gO(jd bv the 
commissioners." MEx or- 1S56. 

In 1856 three railroads ])assed through Shelby\-ille. the Indianapolis &: 
Cincinnati line : the Shelbyville S: Rusliville line, and the Edinburg. Shelby- 
ville & Knigln>town line. The Inisiness factr'rs were [)riucii)ally the follcjwing 
g-entlemen: Ray & Mcl'arland. S. D. Lyon, Alfred Major, Peaslee & McFad- 
den. Davis & Wright and James Harrison, attorneys-at-law : }^Iiller & James, 
real estate and stock agency: David Adams, M. D.. physician and .surgeon, 
office in Odd Fell-.nvs' building: W. F. Green. M. D.. i.^hysician and surgeon : J. 
Y. Kennedy and J. S. I'orbes. pliysicians and surgeons: Dr. C. T. Rowell, 
dentistry, with Doctor Kennedy on Franklin street, opposite new seminary: 

CIIADWICK's history 01~ SlIKI.r.V CO., IXD. _'8l 

Milton Ro'ohins. M. D.. rlenlcr in (Irugs ami medicines, northeast curncr of pub- 
lic square, as read his card. Hendricks & Mori^an. drugg-isis: George Lnp- 
ton. suri^'eon and. dentist, "all work gu;iranteed." Strong & I-"ninkel. wholesale 
and retail manufacturers I'f a.Il kind- .)f gentleman^ wearing ajiparel ( 
north side \>u\>\'x S(iuare) : W. C. Miller oc Cmniiany. retail tlealers in fnreigr. 
and domestic dry goods, groceries, hardware, boots and slu^es: James Tin anas. 
retail dealer in domestic dry goods, hardware, etc: G. W. Toner S: Company, 
dealers in dry goods, groceries, boots and .shoes (at I. Sorden's old stand) ; 
J. <!t 'M. Levinson, manufacturers and retail dealers in clotln'ng. then adjoining 
the Masons' and Odd Fellows' block; W. H, Comingore. dealer in staple and 
fancy dry gdnds. boots, shoes, etc.. east side of public square, one door .south 
of the INIasonic Hall. Other dry goods dealers (general stocks) were carried 
bv J. an^l ].. Freeman, on Harrison street. A variety store was operalerl liy 
F. J. Faivre. wh.o also made candy and sold tobacco and cigars, fire-works and 
drugs. Another firm was bioits & Hul)beil. who carried family groceries and 
provisions. One card read "Go to VAtnr 6c FUiritt's for dry goods, at ^lasonic 
Hall." J- S, Camplicll was a merch;nit tailor who also sold gentlemen's fur- 
nishing grnifls. M. D. Stacey was a jeweler on the north side of public square : 
also D. yi. Burns in the ^ame line. Another advertisement read; "Stoves, 
stoves, stoves, at ]\IcEIwee's: call for the Clima.x, best in the market." W. 
M. &- L T. I'.rown. stove dealers and manufacturers of all descriptions of tin. 
Copper and sheet iron ware, sr.uthwest of public square. I. E. Wood, sad.dler; 
\\'. ]\1. Parrish. fancy and ornameiUal plasterer and cistern builder. Joseph 
Smithers. maker of tomb and ornamental work: J. Cummins, furniture ware- 
room on \\"ashin.gton street ; J. T. Ross, steam manufacturer of all kinds of 
furniture: J. H. Sprague. manuf.acturer of flr.ur barrels and staves; A \\'ilkin- 
son. i^icture gallery, over Gorgas's store: Johnson & Letherman. ambriay])e 
and daugerrean artists: Shelby Bank — "prepared to buy and sell eastern ex- 
change, gold and silver and itncurrciit bank note^ : interest <-<u deposits" — El- 
liott Hill & Company. 

These and possiblx' a inmilier u\ others carried on the business of Slielb}- 
ville in 1856. .-\s one views the signs and reads the old nev.- .-paper aihertise- 
ments, still to l>e seen in the hies of the city local papers, and then walks about 
the present-day business streets and seeks to purchase goods of almost any 
grade and variety, from out tlie numerous and extensive exclusive stores, in 
the several lines formerly bunched in one "general stock." they are reminded 
of vast changes in retail trade, to say nothing of the wholesale and manufac- 
turing business seen in Shelby ville in 1009. 


)R.\TEn .\S TOW.X 


\ille was neces-ari 

•. In I 

850. on the 21st da 

The growth of Shelby ville was necessarily very sL.w f'.r the fn 
decades of its histor^■. In 1850. on the 21st dav (if [anuarv. the "tiwu ^ 

corporaled bv a special act nf \\w Indiana 1 A-L^islatnic. Gi"' ir^c Crulhcrs. Sr., 
was elected .Mayor and J. S. ranipl.cll. janu-^ M. Randall. William II. Coats, 
James 11. Elliott and F.dcn 11. Davis were cliosL-n C' mncilnien. One hundred 
and fifty-^i.K votes were ca>t at that fivsi eleeti. n. TIk- r,exi ek\-ii. .n was held 
in April. i8;j. when two hundred and I'urtv-Mne vte-; were jiolk-d. ami John 
Morrison. Sr.. was elected M;ivnr. and \\M,',dville I'.r. .wnin-. J;une> M. Ran- 
dall. S. MidkitV. J.weph Cunnnins an<l j. T. Ihillock rMmp sed I'he d'own Coun- 
cil. The population was then, while. I'ne tli"usand i'mut hundred >e\en. col- 
colored, seventeen: total, one th.iu-.and fiur Inmdrnl twenl_\M\iur. It has 
now ('igoc;) reached twelve thousand. In July. iS-j;. the ■ .rfice <n M.ayor was 
discontinued, th.e jire-ent citv •;•' .vernuient daiint;- fr. <m Ma\- lo. iS'iQ. 
The lollMuing- is a h:>i oi the Mayors ..f Shelhyville since then: 

1860-63— James TI. l-dli-ilt. 18S--8S— David D. \\'ilson. 

1863-6}— jame? E. McGiiire. 1888-91— J.. hn C, lulward.^. 

186)7-70 — lohn .S. Cam[ibell. 1891-95 — G. C. Morrison. 

i870-7t— F. Meridetli. 1895-98— T- ^i- F-''"-'S- 

1871-75 — Stephen Allen. 189S-01 — Frank Roth (died). 

^^75-77 — Georg^e C. Morri-on. 1901-OJ—-C. 1'. Ilale( tilled vacancy.) 

1877-79 — Jnmes E. ]\IcGuire. 1902 — S. P.. Morrison ( .-^horr term). 

1879-S4 — Steplien Allen. 1902-04 — Jacob H. Deitzer. 

1SS4-87 — J. W. \'annoy. 1904-06 — J. W. \'annoy. 
1906-10 — Pi. F. Swain. 


The city officials serving in April. 1909. were as follows: Mayor, B. F. 
Swain: Clerk, Harry J. Clark; Treasurer, Georg-e X. Robbins : City .Attorney, 
John Walker; City Engineer. J. H. Phillipi; Secretary of the Board of Health, 
B. G. Keeney; Street Commissioner, J. M. Goodrich; Custodian of City Build- 
ing, Sturlcy Carruihers. Councilmen — From First ward, E. B. Thompson; 
from Second ward, 1-rank Bass; fr<:;m Third ward, John Rinchart ; from 
Fourth wanl. H. H. Walker: from Fifth ward, J. L. Showers and Edward 


Shelbvville had a ])r)pulatiijn at the following periods, as indicated bv the 

In 1836 the population was 650 

In 1852 it was 1,424 

In 1876 it was 4,000 

In 18S6 it was 5,580 

Cll.MiWICK's I11ST(.)!<V OK SIIELI'.V CO., ]\1). 283 


111 1002 it was 

^" 1909 it was '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'..'. ,0.000 

I he inlialiitams arc laryvly Aniorican hnn aiul mativ native U- Shelbv 



Shelbyville lias had two rc-ulai- city halls, r„,ih have hecn hrick .-^tnic- 
tures. Tlie U.rnKr ,.ne was thirly by sixty feet, and was described in the Cen- 
tennial History ,,f ibc place as bein-- "a haiids,„ne brick cdilicc. snrmonnted 
by a cupola for the fire-alarm bell. The first rlM,,r contains an civine mom 
and city prison ; the second floor the Mav. .r's . .flice and council chamber uhicli 
arc conit.u-tablv arran.i^od. Its uri-i.ial cost was two thonsand ei-ht hnn.lred 

ve been added to it since its 

dollars, and .iver three hundred dollars h;i 


served the cit}- until 1904. wlu-n the massive and siri 

Clous city buildiiiL; wa< completed at a cost of fit'iv thousand dollar- Tlie 
same stands on the old city buildin- site, as well as on additional ^nnind- pur- 
chased by the city. It is a handsome yellow brick structure, which has an'plc 
rooms for all city bu.^iness. besides an immense public hall and r.pcra lK,u-e hi 
connection. The hater part of the city building- is now leased to prixate par- 
ties for opera li,-,use purposes. This building is one of the best in tlie' en- 
tire city and is the pride of the enterprising- populace. Mere the records of 
the municipality can be properly cared lor and presen-ed. 


In 1S74 a first class steam fire engine was ]nirchascd, tooeihcr with reel 
and one thousand feet of hose, at a cost of six thousand dollars. In 1876 
Wilham Aforgan w,-,s the engineer an<l at that date reported that the equip- 
ment had iiLiiiy times j-aid for itself bv valuable services at fires in Shelbwille 
ihis was long before the city water works had been constructed and the fire- 
fightmg service was not what it has since Ijeen advanced to. but was o,,, d for 
Its kind, and tlie times in which it was adopted. The first f,re cno-Tne j-st 
nientioned. was named in honor of ^[aj. J,:,bn Hendricks, who demand a part 
01 the land on which the city now stands. It was called '\Major Hendrick- " 
and was a conspicuous figure in the fires of the seventies and eighties. 

October 24. 1S99. the first ordinance looking toward the establishment 
ot a regular fire department for Shelbwille was passed It was sicr„ed bv 
Mayor Roth and II. G. .Montgomery. City Clerk. The fire companv^vas to 
consist 01 eighteen members, to be elected bv the chief and approved b\- die 
City Council. Such a company has thwarted the plans of the fire-ficiid' in a 
majority of cases, so that the loss by conflagi-ation in Shelbwille ha-- been 
kept to the lowest possible point. In fact the ••run.-;" made t,.'fire calK i^ave 

2S4 CUAinVlCK's IIlsTCKV or SilliLEV CO., IXD. 

been made in as liltlc lime as has been lound in paid fire companies in 
the larg-cr cities. 'J'here are now thirty tire call-bo.\es; tiiree stations wlierc 
fire-lltjiiting apjiaralus is kept in the best of order Ijy tlie IrustN'. \-olnmcer men. 
Tiic water is n]itaincd by the watcrw. -rks direct l)re^sure at hy(b-anls thn.r,j.;h- 
oiit the city, to which the hose is attached. Th.cse c\er alert hremen arc ihe 
only class of men ImKling office within the munici])aliiy who do not work en 
stated salary, but fur the good of the property-h.oUlers of the city. Day and 
nig'ht these men are read}" to respond to the call of the alarm Ijeli which locates 
the scat of the lire to which they are called. 

llie amount of i)nipert}' sa\ed liy this cumjiaiiy is hard tn determine. IvUt 
runs u]) into the hundreds of thousands of doli^irs. since its organization. 

[Many cii the leading citizens have been meiiibcrs fnan time \.o lime. Its 
officers have been from out the rugged, cool-lieaued business factors, among 
whom ma}- l)e named in this connection tlie present worthy chief. W'ilHam 
Xeu, who has served various terms and in an acceptalile maimer. 

The city does not onn and maintin its own fire or engine houses, but 
such stations are located at livery barns, the pnijirietors of wliich are under 
contract to furnish rorini and teams, when needed for the work of the cnni- 

Aside from certain exem])iions, such as not having to ser\e on juries, 
pay pMJI tax and be subject Xo military dut_\-. the llremen of \oIunteer cmipanies 
derive no benefit for the dangerous, hard services that are required at their 


'Jdie records of post-ol'fices are generally not ]ireser\-cd many \ears in the 
local ufhces. as their repurts to the Department at Washington each qitarter 
is all that the go\ernment requires and for this reason the early history of 
tlie Slielbyville office cannot well be traced. It was, however, one of the first 
institutions of the town. Even a complete li.=t of postmasters is impossible at 
this date, as "red-tape"" obtains to such an extent at Washington that a list 
cannot lie furnished. The men who have served as postmaster since 18S2 are 
as follows: Alfred P. Bone. 18S2-S6; S. L. Major. 1886-90: George Dunn, 
1890-94: Ed ^lajor. 1894-98: Thomas Xewton. 1898-02: O. E. Lewis, 1902- 
06; A. V. Randall, 1906 and still in office. 

This has been a second class pjst-office more than twenty vears. The 
serial number of money order issued April 10, 1909. was 113524, showing a 
large and rapidl_\- increasing nuney order business for this <;iflice. the same i-ia\'- 
ing doubled in the last few years. It now runs over one hundred thousand dol- 
lars per year. 

The rural free devilery service ccmmcnced in Shelljy ci'>unty in 1896. and 
there are now (1909) twenty-six country routes. a\eraging iwenty-fi)ur 


mile^ cacli. or a total iiii'.eaQ-e of six luintlrcil and t\sciU\--fiiur. The carriers 
receive nine iuindred (tullars per year. 'Ihcv carried I clltcted and distributed) 
one hundred and ten jiieces oi mail each month in i'K'S. '!"he Shel- 
byville office has thirteen rural n ntes tiinn- out from it daily and, llle^e avcras;e 
twenty-si. \ miles each. 

The jirescnt elTicient and oblit^ins.;" postma-^ler. A. \'. Randall, was ap- 
poi!Ued March ii. KjnC), and is filliuQ- all the rigid requirements c/f [jostmaster 
in an oftice of this class. 


Shclby\ille was hrst lighted by gas ..n the exening of April 26. 1874. The 
original gas plant having been constructed in the spring of that year by Messrs. 
Luce & Brother, of Aslitalmla. Ohio, the works passed into the hands of another 
gas company July i. 1S74. The amount of capital stock in 1S76 was twenty 
thousani.l dollars, which was held at par value. Ofticcrs of sucli company 
were: John H. Leefers. president: G. W. }■. Kirk, secietary. In 1907 the 
company was reorganized and called the "Shelbyville Cas Comjianx" — special- 
ty liglit and cooking gas. The present of^.cers are: E. A. Potter (Chicago) 
president: John H. Leefers. vice-president: G. H. Dunn, treasurer: Albert D. 
OgbiTrn. secretary, live- at Xcw Castle. Indian. 


It was in the year 18S7 that Shelbyville was first lighted by electricity. 
The city ordinance was passed granting the franchise for setting poles and 
otherwise using the streets and alleys of the city by the Electric Light and 
Power Company. The fran.chise was to continue f "ir twenty years and has been 
renewed since the date lA its termination in 1907. I-iglu bv tin's comiianv is 
furnished to individuals and to the city for illumi'.iating purp;:;ses. With it is 
also connected the water- v.orks system now in use in the city. 


At an early day, owing to the general lay of the land in and about the city 
of Shelbyville. the public roads and streets were in a deplorable condition — next 
to iinpassable. As the country de\-eIoped, the water was taken awav bv 
drainage and natural causes. The streets were then better cared for and fairlv 
good streets were provided for the use of the traveling public, but not until 1906 
did the city attempt to do veiy much at paving its streets. Since then several 
of the principal streets have been substantially paved. Eroni 1904 on, the city 
took more advanced vievv's on its internal improvements and mone\- was spent 

2S6 CHADWICK's mSTOKV OF SllHI.l'.V CO., 1X1). 

in large sums. Imt all to a q. .od purpn-e. Amop.p^ llic impn ivcnu'iits made since 
that year may he irimed the ])Utting' in (^f much needed ';ultcis, curliing and 
sewers: the paving in a most highly satisfactoiy manner, a.nd tlie public square 
and streets crossing the same for a great distance nut. It is estimated that 
at this date ( Ajiril. i()oi)) there are about twenty-tour miles of cement, nr cmu- 
crete side-walks within Shelb}\ille. These walk's, llunigh costing much lucney 
to lot owners, have gi\-en the place'a decided city-like appearance and wdl 
doubtless remain lor many ye:n-s t') conic, even he walked upon and 
duly appreciated by a generation yet unborn. ]^roni ihc I'act that these walks 
were all put down, under the direction of a compeieut city engineer, and at 
aljout the same nerioil. ihe\- are more uniform in grade and width, than if they 
had been the work of \arious engineers and contin.uing through a brnger num- 
ber of years, as has been the case in many of the older cities wiiliin tlie state. 
In fact there are few cities of Indiana, of the population (if Slielb_\\ilie. that 
have anywhere near as good streets and walks as this city. 


In order in pre-erxe tlie peace an<l general dignity of any municipality it 
is necessar}' to ha\e a well rej^ulaied police fiMxe. as a distinct department of 
such city. There was a time in the history of Shelbyville v.dien the baser ele- 
ment ran h.igh-handed and uncontrolled by proper peace officers. But as the 
place grev>- in industry and general pr<jsperity. its better citizens set about cor- 
recting a long existijig evil. For many years after the place had been incor- 
porated as a town its chief peace officer was the Town ^Marshal, wlio had a feu 
assistants, but when the city really began to know the real importance of such 
officers, and the place with a majority . f its tax- payers and worthy citi;^ens. so 
elected, a new onler of things iirevailed. The present system of jio-lice was 
instituted in 1902. th.e first pr)lice gi'ing on duty in August of that year. The 
first police were James M. Meloy. City Marshal: John E\'ans. deputy; John J. 
Marsh. Lincoln Radican. patrolmen. 

Tlie present police department is made up as folkjws : Chief. John J. 
Marsh: ijolicemen. James Jack^on. Andrew J. Starkey. Benjamin F. \\dialey 
and Ciem-ge W. td;i>s. 1"hese men have been in offiee since May 2. 1006. ddie 
city has not yet added the modern call box s\"Stein. but eniplo}- the excellent 
telephone system for transacting their business throughout the city. Two men 
are on dut}' at flaytime and four at night. 

When the pre.-ent system went into effect in 1902-03 the citv had an ele- 
ment within its b'.r(Kr> that cau>ed much trouble and disturberl the peace and 
quietude of the place. The first policemrui. not having much experience in 
the handling of this bad element, soon resigned or were laid off by the authori- 
ties, and others took their places. But it was not long before the violators of 


law and wholesome city onlinaiices found they were to tleal with nitn of 
courage and stability and since that date the city has been (me of <>nlcr and 
good conduct, for tlie nmst i)art. The present chief of police. Mr. .Marsli. ha? 
long- been Cdunected with ilie f.)rce rui.i handles his men with ahilitv and is 
well liked In- his felliw citizens wli.i^e interests and rights lie is always readv 
to protect. In this city, as in mo.^l all cities of its size, politics enters into the 
selection of city ofhcials largely, but perliaps not lo the detrimen.l of the masses. 


From the earliest day up to ]S8(') Shelbyville depended on river and well 
water. The supply of water in any given location, whether in country or 
city, has always had nnich to do witii the health, convenience and comfort of 
the people in such community. Without pure water no people are at their 
best. However, the properties of the ordinary well water in this section of 
Indiana is excellent. For city water a greater supply was found necessarv in 
1S85, when a stock conipany was formed by the following gentlemen, the 
same being capitalized for S75.0CO: John Blessing, president: Hcnrv S. 
Byers, secretary ; Lyman B. Martindale, of Indianapolis, treasurer. These men 
represented the stock comjjany that was granted the first waterworks street 
franchise. The ordinance was passed August 31. 18S5. Fi\e vears later this 
corporati' m sr.ld out to what was known as the Indiana Water and I-ight Com- 
pany, the most of the stock being held abroad. The electric light of the city 
was soon coupled with the waterworks under one company, as it stands todav, 
and is knpwn as the Citizens' ^\'ater and Light Companv. 

The sujiply of water is derived from an inexhaustible well situated near 
the banks of the Blue ri\er in tlie city. It is a peculiar well, in that it is Init 
twenty-two feet deep and twenty-five feet in diameter. It sinks into an under- 
ground current of living, pure water, coming from a strata below the ri\-er"s 
bed. It boils up in the bottom like a great spring and has never failed. Its 
purity has been tested by scientific men and engineers and found to be the 
purest and most health-giving of an_\- water supplying waterworks in the 
United States. A suitable pumping station was \)u{ in operation liv the origi- 
nal company with two engines and pumps which originally forced the supplv 
of water to tlie height of one hundred and twenty-five feet into a stand-pipe 
but latterly this is not employed, but a direct pressure from the pumps is 
used. In 1S87 the record shows that there had l>een put in eight miles of mains 
or water pipes in the city: seventy-five hydrants, so as to insure plentv of 
accessable water in case of fires in any part of the city: there were then but 
one hundred and seventy-five private water consumers in the i)lace. The daily 
capacity of the works at first was two million gallons. 

At present the system has in operation eighteen miles of mains, one luifi- 

-i^S CHADWl 


cirol tuuUy-scvL'ii hydrants. ;in,l supplies ui,c tliousniu! fmw lunulrod custom- 
ers witii water. 



Xatui-a! gas was fii-t used in tlie eiiy ,,t Sliell.yville aliMui iSSt. Ga.s 
wells were prnvided ahdu twn and a half miles cast of the city on the Ten^ 
ant farm. ,.n the old Michi-an mad. .\ company was l'. .rme.'l 'an.l ('.perated 
ahwut two years, then .s,.ld t.. an eastern s\ndicaie. known as the '•Southern 
In.hana Xatmal Cas Cnmpany." The gas failed in thi.s section of the countv 
and pipes were laid from llancMck county, a distance of about nineteen miles', 
and the natural gas conveyed to Shelhvville. The company raised the rale 
to consumers and the i^ecple of the city w^uld r.n toler;Ue what Xhvv letnie.l 
extortion m rates. Indignation meetings were frequently held in Shelby vilie 
and finally what is now known as the "Citizen's XaturalGas Company." was 
formed by many share-hol.lers of the ciiy. The shares were held at'tweii- 
ty-five dollars and each sharediojder was entitled n. one fire the year round. 
It was a mutual af^"air and a protit wa.-, not loolced I'or. In later years the 
meter .system was put in operation. l!,,th of the natural gas companies named 
are still opeiating plants at Shclbyville at this date. Two lines of piping come 
from the gas fields of Hancock county, .some extending as far as twenty- 
six miles from the city of Shclbyville. This gas is userl largel> f.,r cool.-v'o- 
and heating Th.e date' of the r,rgan'ization of the Citizen's Natural 
Gas Company was December 17, 1S90, and in 1909 this company sells gas 
at twenty-five cents per thousand cubic feet, in quantities less than ten thou- 
sand feet and at fifteen cents for all sums over that amount, used each month. 
This company has about two thousand four hundred share-hoidcrs. and is 
capitalized at sixty-the thousand five hundred dollars. Its officers are 1. H. 
Deitzer. president : John II. Tindall. vice-president: A. T. Tlnirnon. treasurer^ 
and Cornelius .Means, secretary. This plant is now known as the "Citizens' 
Natural Gas. Oil and \\'ater Company." 

The ofTicers of the "Southern Indiana Natural Gas Comp;niy" at this 
date are: CrawlV.rd Fairbanks. Terre Hanle. jire-ident : B. F. Failcy, Terrc 
Haute, secretary and treasm-er: P. G. Kemp. Shelbyville, general mariagcr. 
The head ufiice,-, are locate<l at Terre liaulc. and they operate plants" at 
"Greensburg and Shelbyville. This pipe line is thirty-'five miles in length. 
The chief gas territory now used is witiiin Hancock onintv. 

.^II!-.I.I!^■ corxTV ciitldrex's home. 

That the true spirit of Christian charity and Irwe has been manifested by 
the people of Shelbyville and the county at large, the case of the founding of 
the County Children's Home need only here be cited as one of the many stlik- 

ciiadwick's iiiSTORV OF siiEi.r.v CO., ixn. 2S9 

ing- illusirations. It was by tlie nohlc generosity oi L.codonis Gonlcm, \\\\o in 
about 1900. donated a fine tract of land, valued at two thousand ilollar.s, lying' 
ju.-t to the east of the principal part of the city of Shelbyvillc, on the Michigan 
road, for the purpose of founding- an irrplians' home. The county erected a 
four-story building', which in^^titutioji was opened for service January 11. 
1902, the same being' built at a cost of twent\' thousand flollars. It is a red brick 
structure, faultless in architecture, save for the fact that it was built more 
than two stories in height. Public buildings for such purposes should never 
be higher than two stories, and this for many reasons, two of which may be 
named the difficulty in getting to and frrmi tlie various floors and the liability 
to conflagrations. Within recent years this institution is lighted by electricity 
and seam healed. In this humane institution are taken and reared, educated 
and cared for until twent}"-one years of age, both boys and girls, living within 
Shelby county, who ha\'e no suitable homes of their own, be they orphans or 
even with parents living, but who are unable to rear their offspring or have 
by hard-heartedness abandoned their children. Here the children are proper- 
ly cared for, some taken in mere infancy, and when old enofigh to attend school 
are kept in the district school for the regular school year period. They are 
taught to work and are trained in religious matters. They attend Sunday 
scliool regularly, being accompanied to services by the faithful, self-sacrificing 
matron. \\'lien old enough and proper families can be procured, these chil- 
dren are placed liy adoption, or otherwise, in such homes and kept until of age. 
when they are well fitted to go forth into the busy world and live to honor the 
institution where they sjx^nt their earlier years. The home is, as is every such 
institution, under th.e direct inspectorship of the Board of State Charities, 
whose duty it is U:> in.spect the place frequently. 

There are now nineteen boys and eight girls at this hr>nie. During the 
last four years there ha\'e been placed in good homes sixty cif the inniates of 
the place. Since it was founded three hundred homeless children have been 
thus cared for and started in life and are now excellent citizens of this and 
other states. 

There is a hospital building connected v> ith the home — this is situated four 
blocks from the main building and has eight rooms, while the main building 
contains thirty-two rooms. 

This institutiim is under the management of a board and full set of offi- 
cers. The first board was made up of the following persons: Mrs. Jane Day, 
Mrs. Helen Major, Mrs. John DePrez. Mrs. Lizzie Weist. Mrs. Clara Pat- 
terson, Mrs, F. D. lilanchard. ]Mrs. John Messick. Mrs. Haymond, Mrs. James 
Parrish, :^Irs. S. B. Morris, ^Irs. Crist Huston. 

Up to tlie date of his death in 1902. John Blessing was the superintendent, 
havin.g faithfully served for sixteen years. The first president was Mrs. George 
Dnmi, who served five years. Mrs. Bettie Williams was the original secretary; 


K. M. 

I lord. 

])rese i 

t i)rc<iili 


> and 1; 

for 111! 

ic _\\.-ar< 


.■\ and i 


irensiirer, and Cyrcnis Bishop, con-f.-jiondiiiir secretary. The 
lit of tlic l>-)ard i.-; Mrs. John DePrez and Mrs. .Mimi Dodd is the 
iiliful nuilron. wlio lias had her heart on ihc work of tlie home 
and l.rcn iis matron for fixo _\ears. jn.; ])rcccdin,q her nas Mrs. 
.i>t liefMic her was Emma I,. Morrow. 
Tlie cost t I the lax payers for each child per day is at present thirtv-five 
cents — a sum well and wisely expended for so hnmanc a cause. 

A glance at letters and reports from tlie many children who ha\e gnne out 
from this home, t.i live lii'ii. irahle. virtuous and n-efiil lives, rexeals the fact that 
this has indeed heen a W( n'k well callin.t;- for the aniount expended on the part 
of the people and has long- since repaid the founder. Mr. Gordon, for his noble 
forethought in donating- property f^r >uch a purpose. Sigiiiiicaiit. indeed, is 
the beautiful oil ijainting- of a widow holding her little fatherless cliild, which 
picture was the production of r\lrs. Idemir.g, .if Shell)>ville. and presented to 
the honie. It is life size, and adorns the wall of one of the reception rooms at 
the h. piue. 

\\'hile other public in=tituti"iis have much difhculty in securing proper ma- 
trons and wardens, and are constantly making changes in these olVlcer^, this 
institutii;>n has been (|uite fortunate in having proper ones in charge. Tliat Mrs. 
Dodd. the present matron, is the right person in the place of great responsibil- 
ity, goes almost without >aying with the people of the county, who take pains 
to visit the hc-'ine and kn.iw of her thoroughness, as well as her Christian train- 
ing; of those in her immediate keeping. She is a mother to them all. and is proud 
of her well-bichaved family of unfortunates. Her life seems wrapped up in 
this work of love, which, however, is not without much care and labor. 


As a record for future generations to read, the names of the first to niake 
settlement in Shelbyville will here be inserted, as they cover the chief num- 
ber of pioi-ieers here, who set the first wheels of business industry revolving 
by their labor and intellect : 

Joseph Campbell, Jamcs Davison, Henry Catewoixl. \\'ill;am Good- 
rich, Xathan Goodrich. George (loodrich, William Hawkins, John Hendricks, 
James Lee, William Little, Ezra McCabe, Elisha Maviiew. Sr.. Elislia Mavhew, 
Jr., Sylvan B. Morris, John Walker, Erancis Walker, Isaac H. w'ilson, 
Smitli Wingate, Benjamin \\'il]ianis and John yi. Young. 

The lianking- liusiness been treated umler the head of Banks and Bank- 
ing- in Shelby c mnty. 


Slielby\ille has k^.g been headquarters in this section of the state for 
civic orders, the chief of which, fraternities is mentioned at length under tlteir 

ciiAiiwicK s msTiiKV oi- siiii.i;v cc. ixi\ 2yi 

name aiul jji-oper ho;ulin.i;-. hut in this cnnnectidii let il ho st'ilcd tiiat in April, 
lycij, there were the fi 'howini:: tlcurishiny- in Slielliyville : 

Masonic ami Odd l-'eihiws in all liieir various de.qrccs '>i wnrk: Ancient 
Ordier uf I'nited W.^rknien; (".rand Army of the Reimhlic. and Sons oi 
\'cteraiis; \\'Mnian's Relief Corps: col.M'cd' ludges uf the Ma.>onic. independ- 
ent Ordier <,i Odd I'ell. ws and Kni-his of Pythias orders: Kni.L^hts of Colum- 
l)us, insiituied in lyo^:;; Fraternal Order of Eagles, organized 1904; Benevo- 
lent and Protective Order of Elks, instituted in 1S98: Knights of St. John, in- 
stituteil in i8yi ; Independent Order of Red Men: Woodmen of .\mcrica, 
instituted in 1805: Royal Xeighhor-;. intituled, in the nineties: L'nitetl Broth- 
ers (colored): Pr-'iecle,! J-hmie Circle, in-iituied in 1901: P.en llur. insti- 
tuted i8i;7: Shell)) County Par Association; Shelhv Countv Meilical Socielv; 
Shell.y CMunty J mn Stock Agricultural Ass. ci:uion (incorporated). 

In 1S77 P\i!lou [,. .dge o.f tlie .\ucient Order of United U'orkmen (fra- 
ternal ir,^iu-;mce and social order) was organized at Shelby ville with charter 
memliers ui the person of; Solomon Auerbach, Francis Flaitz, D. P.. Wilson, 
J. P. Springer. Roliert Montgomcrv. ]ohn C. Edwards, Frederick Stephen, 
W. H. Colescott. T. Grier, .\. \-. Rohbins, Royal Jenmngs and A. A. 
Louch. hi 18S6 the record shows the lodge had forty-five members, but in 
Indiana, he it stated with deep regret, the order did not prosper, and other 
fraternal insurance life companies took the field, hence the lodge here went 
down, while it is th.e oldest of all such orders in the CMUinrv. and nearlv everv 
other state has its many thousands oi members. Puliiina has not succeeiled 
in keeping up. 

Another society was that known as the Marrugari. P was a German 
society and in Shelby\ille was known as Hertha Lodge, \"o. 80. Daughters 
of Harrugari. and was formed in i8fiO and for twenty-six rears was fairlv 
sticcessful, but finally su>pen.(led operations. 

There are no cities of the size of Shelbyville. where the idea of fraternal 
and civic society relations obtain to that degree found here, even throughout 
all Indiana. P"or example the Improved Order of Red Men. which uow 
numbers over four hundred members, ami includes the most prominent busi- 
ness men of the city. The Masonic. Odd Fellows and Knights of Pvthias 
are very strong orders at Shell.iyville and truly exemplify the teachings of their 
orders. Of ljene\olent fraternal ord.ers tl.cre is almost no end. but the more 
important ha\e l)een named. 

rruLic SCHOOLS of shelijyxii.le. 

Few, if any, cities within the commonwealth of Indiana have better pul;- 
lic school facilities than Shelbx vilie. The teacher here is an imp'ortant fact.-.)r 
in the unbuikling of the conimunitv. Danicd Wcltstcr once said: "If we 


work uixni iiiarhlc. it will jxTish: if wo w. ak up.'U l-ra.-s, time will eflacc it; 
if we rear teniiiles, they will crunihlc i.-> dust: Inn ii wc w^rk upon immortal 
minds, it we imhuc them with iirinciiiles. with tlic ju^.t lear of (i.'d and luve 
of our fcllnwmen. we en-rave nn those tahlet> soniethiiiL;- which will brighten 
to all eternilv." 

From the earliest date in the hi>t..rv of Shelhyville this iJiinciple has 
been earried out. (.iood .-^ehools ha\e alway.s lecii the rule. Mver since pio- 
neer lames Wilson taught school at >cventy-hve cents a sch-.lar in the hrst 
school-house in Shelby county, at the village of .Marion, in the eady twenties, 
the matter of educating the ri.Mitg young has been alni.isl a part of the religion 
of this peoi)lc. 

The first school l)uilding in thi> place wa^ a log cabin on the southeast 
corner of the public square. William Hawkins was teacher. 

Other schoohhou^e aco .mmudaiioiis were provided, and finally the brick 
building known as the "Shelby ville Seminary." was constructed ni the 
forties." the same costing thirtv-five thousand dollars, and there the hnglish 
and higher branches were taught. In 1S52 the building was burned and in 
1866 re-built. In 1S76 there was an average attendance of eight hundred 
children in the Shelbvville schools. At that date there was a classical acad- 
emy for vouths and misses, where the music of the great masters and ancient 
and modern languages were taught successfully. Prof. J. Martin was the 
proprietor and principal of this institution. W ith the coming and going of 
these vears other buildings were erected. Coming down to a more recent 
date it should be said that the pul^l.c school building in lOOO nunibered si:c. 
These were built at the dale and in the location indicated by the tollowmg . 

No One school buildir.g. locate.l on Franklin and Pike streets, is what 
was earlier known as the "Seminarv." It is a brick building-the hr^t m the 
citv for school uses, and was erected in 18-. costing as indiaited beiore-- 
thi'rty-five thousand dollars. It has been remodeled and still does good .erxicc 
in the cause of" education. c- , u •- „ 

\o Two is the two-slorv brick building, located on South Harrisoi 
street and this was built iust at the close of the Civil war. and is now used 
bv the colored people and known as the '"Colored School. 
• ' Xo Three is a beautiful and massive structure, located on a sightly 
campus, on Tavlor and Miller streets. It is two stones m height and co^t 
twentv-one thousand dollars. This building was completed m 18S2. 

\o Four is situated on Colescott and Tompkins streets. This was erecte> 
with "all' modern-dav improvements, in 1892, at a cost of eigltteen thousand 
dollars. In many ways! including the architectural beauty of the structure, 
this surpasses anv other in the city. 

Xo Five is'located on the corner of Pennsylvania and Hamilton streets, 
was built in 1S95. and cost eight thousand eight hundred and seventy-five 


dollars. It has lour large school room.-;, h is l.)catcd in llic "F.asl End" ..if 
the city. 

No. Six is what is known as the "W'allverxille" !)uildin,l.,^ and was hiiiit 
in 1900, at a c.'^l t^f aU.nt th.rLO ihuu-ar.d di'llars. It is a i me-storv structure, 
built of brick, moied with slate. It is in what was District Xm. 9. 

The high school building, locatetl ("> the corner of 'roni[)kins and Broad- 
way streets, in the central portion of tlic city, is truly a modern school. 
is a fine, large brick structure, erected in iSu^. at a cost of fourteen tlious.nnd 
one hundred sevenly-tive dollars. I.^ven this' large, well pl;nir,ed building is 
now being locked upon as too small for the purpose for wliich it was in- 
tended, and the school board is loiiking into the near future with tljc \ie\v 
of having to build larger buildings to accommod.-ue the jniitils of the advanced 
grades. This s]»lendid In. use was crecteil at a time when material was low 
and cost niucli less than it could be coii.-tructed l"or now. 

The schools ha\e had a .steail;,- growth for many year>. The report of 
1906 shows: 1,098 lx>ys and 1,080 girls, making a total of 2,178 pupils. 
In 1S94 there were only thirty-one teachers employed, as against abc^ut fifty 
at this date — 1909. Then there were only sixty-eight students in the higli 
school, whereas today there are over two hundred enrolled. 

An account in detail will lie given of the \-arious churches and religious 
denominations of Shclbyville in the cha])ter on "Religion." or "Churches of 
Shelb\- Count}-." Nearly ever_\" denominati'.m is here found represented and 
the religious zeal and standing of the churciies is especially good in this city. 
Really a city of beautiful homes and fine 


"The Citv of the Dead" has from the earliest day in the vicinity of 
Shclbyville been a subject that has been in the minds of all reflective and good 
citizens. Indeed the respect shown the departed in any community is but 
an index. if the intelligence and refinement of the inhabitants. The two ceme- 
teries princiijally u-ed liy the people of this immediate neigb.borhood are the 
eld cemetery and "Forest Hill." both well kept burying places. Within these 
sacred enclosures lie buried the joys and sorrows of three generations. Here 
rest the remains of many of the old pioneers. Here the early settler has bent, 
ofttimes, over the coffined form of a darling child, who li\ed but to lisij jjcr- 
haps a single wrird, then was plucked like a spring dower and transplanted 
into another sphere of existence. Others ha\-e grown to young manhood or 
young womanhood, and then by wasting disease been laid low and finally 
found rest from pain ;nid sufYering in this silent city. Funeral processi':in 
after funeral proces^i. in has wended its way slowly through these burying 
grounds and deposited the remains of their l.ived ones, while the years have 

294 CHAinVICK's llIvTOKV 01" SlIF.I.r.V CO., I\L). 

been sweeping by. In ibc 111-1 eeniclLiy im 'uunicu'.s liave been reared lo llie 
nieni.irv nf the clcparled deiul. until they i;u\v -land imc a,i;aiii.-t another, hke 
so many "silent sentinels." as it wei'e. 

In 1S24, at the secund sale of lots eonipi-i.-in:;- the,iti..n ot' M;ij(ir 
John Ilendrieks and James Davisun, four acies of the extreme northeasi 
corner were purchased ])y Arthur :Major, and donated to the eiiv as a burial 
place. He paid the price but did not call for a deed. In (he seitlemeiu of 
his estate, after death, these facts were elicited and duly reeor>led ; and then 
the county made a deed direct to the city. Sub>f(iuenilv the citv added sev- 
eral acres more to the cemetery. Jluriny the first few decades nianv a i)ioneer 
and his family were buried within these sacred grounds, and rested with 
graves unmarked by suitable monuments, but as the country settled and peo- 
ple were aide and had facilities for so doing, they erected manv costlv and trulv 
befitting monuments, including those fashioned from pure marble and Scotch 
granite. The plot has long \ears been protected bv a substa.r.tial iron fence 
made in a graceful and attractive fashion. One bv one, the Las within this 
enclosure were used by the citizens of the place and surrour.ding countr_\-, 
until it was found necessary to seciu'e other grounds. 

In 1SS4 what is km.nvn as "Forest Ilil!" cemetery was founded and in 
1S93 ineorpoj-ated b}- forty-li\e Slielb_\\ille citizens and one residing in. Balti- 
more, ^ilaryland — a Mr. M. II. Goodrich. The names of the incorjiorators 
were as fo'llows : L. J. Hackney. John Blessing. G. W. F. Kirk, lohn C. 
DePrcz. H. C. .Morrison. C. Bishop. J. B. Randall. William H. DePrcz. ]. \\\ 
Rucker, Charles :\Iajor. John Elliott. S. B. ^^lorris. William A. Powell. F. P.. 
Wing-ate. S. A. Kennedy. F. Small, William Price. G. H. Duim. William Fl- 
liott, Mrs. C. S. Gorgas, I.c^ttie Green Tatman, jacol, G. IX-Prez. :\Irs. Fnetla 
Dunn, John X. Fellers, William F. Blakely, "Thomas W. I'leming. O. G. 
Glessner, Charles [Morrison, B. F. Fove. Da\'id F. Cornc}". James S. Jetters, 
John M. Byers. H. F. Schortmeier. :\Iilton B. Robins, D. 1!. \\'ilson, Chris. 
Steinh.auser. M. R. Senour. John Beggs. B. F. Swain. W. E. Talbert, John 
Messick, John Sheik. Charles Birely. m\ H. Goodrich (Baltimore. },laryland). 

The association was under authority of the act of the Indiana Fegisla- 
ture, ajiproved March 7, 1SS7. The original board of managers consisted 
of Leonard G. Hackney, John Blessing, George \\". F. Kirk. John DePrez 
and Harry C. Murrison. "Article XX\T" of the articles of incorporation of 
this association reads as follows : 

"The distinct and irrevocable principle on w hich this association is found- 
ed and to remain forever is, that the entire funds arising from sale of burial 
lots and the proceeds of any investments of said funds shall be and they 
are specifically dedicated to the purchase and improvement of the grounds 
of the cemetery and keciring them durably and permanently enclosed and in 
perpetual repair through all future time, including all incidental expenses for ap- 


proaches to the cemcU-ry ami the prrjper manaqxiiient of t1ic same, and that 
no part of sucli fumN shall as dividend, piufu i n" in any manner whatever innre 
to the cnrp'-ratirs." 

Ani'ther jirnvisi.'n is ihai no lots shall ever lie s^ld rd le-s tliuii ^•;; cents 
a square fool, hut no lots were ever snld at anywhere this Inv a riL^airc. .\lso 
the rnles ]>r(ihihit any kind. of seats, settees, stu^ls. etc., and also have it 
specificallv understM. :d that no trees, shrubs, ilmvers. etc., are to be planted 
and grown on the grounds. The lots are carefully cared for b_\- a jiroper Se.x- 
ton and today there is no cemetery better planned in Indiana and better order 
carried cut. To some, it may seem that many of the rules are very advanced 
and somewhat rigid in character, but when it is considered that these sacred 
grounds are not to be used as the lamls of a public park would be. the same 
then seem reasonable. The unsightly scenes of ordinary cemeteries, such as 
emblems, decaying tlowers, half dead trees and shrubs, and senseless urns filled 
.with all sorts of relics and emblems of various orders and societies, owing 
to the whim of the li 't owner, are not to be tolerated, and in fact are never 
seen within "l-'orest Mill." 

This cemetery i-; located across the Blue river, to the northeast of the 
city, i)roper, and is on a commanding tract of land which has been highly im- 
proved. ?ilany beaiuiful, and .some costly monuments grace the grounds which 
are ever kept with great care and have come to be the pride oi the citizens. 

It now comprises about forty acres. 

The Catholic cemetery is situated between two divisions of the "Forest 
Hill" cemetery of the Protestant people. This is a well kept burying ground 
and among the objects that attract the passer-by is the almost life sized crucifix 
in the center of the plot of ground used by tlie people of religious faith. 
This was purchased and platted after the first sections of the Protestant 
"grounds had been improved some years. Later the Protestants purchased ad- 
ditional land to the south, thus being situated on both sides of the Catholic 
groitnd at the present time. At first the Catholic people located a cemetery a 
mile or more out in the country, lait on account of the soil, the moisture, etc.. 
at many seasons of the year, it was finally abandoned and the groimds just 
named were purchased and the improvements made thereon, 



Aside from being the couiny seat and oldest place of mercantde busienss 
within Shelby countv. Shelbyville has of recent years been widely known as a 
manufacturing center for numeo us things that go for the consumption of 
the masses. The manufacturing plant aside from the milling industry, 
^vas — the planing mills originally built by Joseph R. Stewart in i(S53. This 
was destroyed by fire, but its owner then engaged in business on a much larger, 

296 C1IA1)\V!CK'.v lIISTCtKV OF SlIKiin CO., I\l>. 

more i)erfcci scale. 'I'lic main IniiMin-- ..1" his vh,,ps was tiftv In .,-i-hty feet, 
two storie^ in heis'ln. It ha^l a two-.^lory l)rick en.i^iiie i.H.iii 22 Ijv .:;j feel, 
(he .« stnry i^eiiij;;- f. r >lry pur], ses. 'Ilu- ],i_-^i ip.,;cl;incr\' f> ir \\u<<d 


'J"he CeiUeimial«ry ( 1876) .,f tlie cily. ^ives Uie followiiij;- (.11 ir.- 
dustiies of the i)lace : 

"The Blue River Furniture I<\act.iry. owr.e.l liv .Me.'^srs. Comey. Waller 
and DePrez. occupies a lar-v aud cmiu. i,!i,,us briJk huilding- for oVfice-; and 
salesrooms and packing, 'liie fact.v,-y itself is Incated a mile to the west of the 
city. Its machinery is iircpclicd by a n.ever failin-- water-pow i-r. 'i'liis ■con- 
cern does a wholesale aud retail business if one Innnire.: ih.:Us-,nd d. ill;ir< 
per annum, and yivcs steady empluymen! to a large number of skilled me- 

"There are three tlourin- mills and one saw mill in Sbelbyvillc au.l n.anv 
of both the caimy. A mincra.l water factru-y In's recer.tly beeii 
established liere A mile from town is the l.irge d-stillery plar.t. though' not in 
operation just at this date. There are tw.. successful tanneries at Shelbv- 
ville and others within Shelby county. .\ls;, brick and tile vnrds. two cooper 
shops, and carriage making is represented by three firms-— ^^essrs. McGuire 
and Jennings: M. and James Snrj.rt. 

" -Pine Hill Nurseries' of .\,.ah .Milk-sen. tlie Tdue River X'eo'ttable Ciar- 
den," of Jacob Puescher. three dairies and tlie hot house inv ..riiamenlal llowers. 
of the late l'"ountain G. Robertson, are in and annnid the citv." 

In 18S6 the leading industry of the city had c aue to be tl'c Cornev . Waller 
and DePrez Inu'niture Company. They were the milgrowth of a business 
established in 1874. It v,as incorporated under the sinte laws in 1883. 
with a capital st ick of all of which stock was piid up at the time. 
In 1885 their factory en West ^\'ashi^g■ton street was burned, but bv pdv ..f 
the same year had been rebuilt and on a larger '^cale than at first. The new 
building- was fifty by tsvo hundred and thirlv feet in size. .\ wareliouse 
was also provided near the public square, which was sixty by two hundre'l feet 
and three stories in height, with numer.'us otlier Iniildings in the city used for 
finishing- and storage piu-p. ^es. The products of this plant consisted ( if elegant 
and new desigr,5 in walnut furniture and reproductions of cheaper furniture 
materials, which were sold in all parts of the United States and the territories. 
An avei-age force of a hundred and twenty skilled workmen in woorl were 
constantly employed, and iti i88r, the sales amounted to considerable in excess 
of two hundred thousand dollars. 

The meml)ers and, ofiicers of this fir^i great fict.'u-y in Shelbyvillc were: 
D. L. Conrey. president; Z. B. \\'aller. vice-president: John C. DePrez. secre- 
tary. These gentlemen were all old citizens of the place and highly respected 

ciiAKw ick"s }ii<T(ikv ov siiki.i;v CO., ixi). 297 

f(.^r tlicir character and enterprise a> factors in laying' tlic ftumdjitiun stones 
tif llie thrift tliat soon followed in the various industries of the growing- city. 

It may he said in passing that the foundation of this factr^ry wa« the 
little talile factory started by 1). L. G^nrey on the hank^ of I'lue river, to the 
west of the city many x'cars ago. 

The manufacture of household and oft:ce fiu-nilure is the chief business 
industry cf Shelbyville. The dozen and more separate plants work in dis- 
tinct lines, and the total goods maile and distributed throughout the country 
surpasses anything in the world, for a city of its size. It has been alluded 
to as the "Furniture City of the ^Middle West."' The originality, the beauty 
of design and final finish, has pl.aced the highest standard of merit ui)on the 
output of these immense factories, wlien in direct compeliti m with other 
much larger cities. 

There are mirror factories here, a wrench and steel-range factory. .\lso 
two up-to-date macln'ne sli .ps. where all kinds ni fine mechanical work — new 
and repair — can be furnished. At this date ( April 1909) there is being set 
in opcratirm a cloth factory which is to be conducted on a large scale. 
New industries are being induced to locate in Shelbyville. which affords the 
working man a most excellent place in which to li\ e and educate his children. 

Directlv and indirectly, these great factories have come to be the pride 
of this section of the '-tate. The tonnage by rail, of lumber and coal and 
other materials required in such plants, gives a large railroad business, and af- 
fords much Avork. even lor the day. r.r common lal^orer. Another peculia'- 
feature of this city is the fact that with all these multiplied industries, it is a 
non-union city, and strikes of any considerable proportions have never been 
known at these factories, where all is paid that the work and current prices 
will afford, from year to year. 

The following is a list of the m .re important factories in Shelbyville at 
the date of April, 1909: 

Blanchard-Hamilion Furniture Company: C. IT. Campliell Furniture 
Companv; Ccnrev-Davis Manufacturing Company: the Conrey & P.irley 
Table Company: The D. L. Conrey Company: Flodeli Fm-niture Company: 
Root FTirniture C'lmpany: The C. F. Schmoe Company: Shelbyville De-k 
Companv; Shelbyville Wardrobe [Manufacturing Company: Spiegel Furniture 
-Companv. These make up their share of one hundred and fifty-nine such 
factories in Indiana. 

These large factories represent large fortunes and furnish employment to 
many hundreds of wrnkmen. The majority of the proprietors reside in the 
city and own beautiful homes. The worthy objects of the city always receive 
their attention, and manv of the churches owe their splendid edifices to the ex- 
istence of these ir.en an.d their successful operations. Some of the owners 
have banded together with others in a tithing pledge — to give to the work ot 


the church one-tenth of all their income. However, it should he recorded 
that nnt all have yet come to he that lil^eral in their support of puhlic enterprises. 

Another industry of this city is the plant of the Slicllivville Mirnir \^■ork^. 
the output >■•( wln'ch is eagerly smight for. hccau-e of it,-, <upori.jrity and c 'Ui- 
pleteness of fiui>h. Their goods find a market all over the cii\niirv. It is an 
incorporated husiness. the incorporators being Frank J. Remhu^h and Enos 
Porter, whise capital stock is $6,500. Thirty persons find employment in 
these works. The date of starting- this enterprise in Shelbwille was 1899: its 
original proprietors were J 'hn Ainsley and I'rank J. Rembu-h. who really man- 
aged it until looi. when it was legally incorj)orated. Mr. Ainslev retired in 
1904. It first started out with finishing hut forty factory mirrors a day. but 
now the daily output is fciur Imr.dred. Tlic raw material is purchased both in 
this country and Ijelgium and l' ranee. The latest improved silvering, a secret 
held by this company, is used on their present output of goods. The old 
methods of using quick-silver are abandoned and where oiily sixty-five per cent, 
of reflecting power was formerly obtained, now ninety-tlve per cent, is obtained. 

Besides the-e extensive factories, may be added a cotTin, or burial casket 
factory and a bent-wcod factory, both doing ;i prosperous bu-ine^s. The I'orm- 
er is conducted by th.e ]\IcLarcn Lumber CL'mpany, and the latter bv Messrs. 
Fretchling & ]\b irner. 

Other Slielbyville industries are the Sodav.-ater Fountain Manuf.actory, 
the Silver Leaf I'.aking Powder. Shelliyville Canning Cijm]);niy. two cigar 
factories, an incubat(.>r factory, cement goods in an endless variety, including a 
recently patented concrete hen's nest, which is proving very popular, as it is cool 
in summer, warm in winter and always free from mites and lice. Also two 
bottling works, the "Best" gate factory, Deprez Artificial Ice Plant, the Shelliy- 
ville Wood-working Compau}', and n.umertnis lesser factories. 

The city is now suiiplie<l with tour newsi)aper5, as follows, and which ai 
mentiop.eil at length in the "Press" chapter: 

They are the^— Daily Liberal, Slielbyville Democrat, Slielbyville Mornin 
News and the Re[niblican. 

Fortunate indeed is the city that has within its borders good hospitals 
and sanitariums. Slielbyville, at this date can boast of both — one the private 
hospital of medicine and surgery, belonging to Dr. T. C. Kennedy, at Xos. 24 
and 26 East Broadway. This is a brick building, with ample appliance- for 
the treatment of all cases in surgery and chronic cases, in general. It was 

CHADWICK s insTouv nv sii::i.nv co.. i\n. 299 

founded by D.k'U'v Kennedy, June I. iqoo, nnd has hccn in successful opera- 
tion ever since. Wliile niM-t of the w^rk of this iiosi)ita] is in connection with 
local— Sliell.yville and Shelby c .unty patients, there are from time to time, 
others from remote pans of die state who come heie for treatment. 

Perhaps the institution that leads all others in the L'uited Statc>. for actual 
cures fi-om the dread drug and liquir haljit. is what is kiKuvn as the "I lord 
Sanitarium", where a positive cure is g-uarautccd for neurastcnia. nervous 
and mental diseases, includino- the liquor .'ind drug addictions. This is purely 
a Shelbyville ba.sed upon scientific and huMue-^s !)riucii)les. and was 
founded October i, 1900. by John 15. Stewart and L. J. Hord. June 1. i.)oS. 
Mr. Stewart withdrew from the institution and it is now managed bv T,uther 
J. Hord and his father. K. M. Hord. better known as Juilge Hord.' both of 
Shelbyville. and wdio liave e-lablished a reputation in vari<nis and reiuote sec- 
tions of the country for doing just what they claim to do— etTect a cure for the 
drug and liijuor habits. 

This institution r.ccui)ies one of the most sightly and charming spots 
within the city of Shelbyville. It is the o],l jiomestead- the country home- 
originally built by John ]-dliott. who founded the i'irst Xational' flank of 
Shelbyville. It was erected in i86_' and wa< then a half nnle outside of the 
town, but now it is built up thickly all about it. except to the north, w-hich 
overlooks the Blue river front. It is situated on a two an.d a half acre plot 
of ground completely parked and adorned by both shade and fruit trees, with 
flower gardens all about the premises. It is an ideal place and is a successful 
institution. Its street location is Xo. 360 West Franklin street. With it is 
an "Annex" of twenty-two rooms and a neat cottage of six rooms, wdiile the 
main building aiul offices occupy about twenty desirable rooms. 

Jaither J. Hord. a collegiate, and master in chemistry, while living 
in the far southwest, made a special study of this matter and through his being 
posted in chemistry, finally discovered a true and sure cure for both the awful 
drug and the liquor habit. That this is true it oidy needs to be added that he 
does not ask any pay unless within alxmt three weeks the patient — man or 
w-oman — is salislied of a cure. Both Judge Hord and his son. who discovered 
these remedies, are life-long residents of Shelbyville. A visit to this sani- 
tarium will convince the most skeptical. 

. CHAl'Tl-R XXI. 

.MISCi:i.LAXI-:OUS origin of "l.oC-UdLI.lXr,." 

As applied to the political lines, the term "lo,--,-ollin,-" witliout doiiht 
orio-inated in Slielhy c^ninty, and lia:^ becnic familiar in pMlitical campai.trn?. 
and well nnderstocid l.y tiicsc \\ h.> seek otVice even in these advanced, progres- 
sive days irnm one end of uur country to anivdicr. 

It came aliont in this wi^e: It was in 1S51. when the late ex-\'ice-Presi- 
denl Thomas A. Hendricks h;ul been nominated at Indianapolis, for the olhce 
of Congressman. One day while riding to fill an appointment in Hamilton 
count}- and reaching- the neighborhi ( uj in which he was to speak, he alighted 
from his horse to assist a man who was trying to get a heavv log on a log- 
heap. The task was great for one. but quite easy for the two men. Mr. Hen- 
dricks got on his horse and vrent on his journey, not making himself known, 
or even telling- him his business in that section. The second day after this 
he spoke in Boxleytown. Hamiltr.n county, and at the conclusion of his speech 
a man came forward and said to him: 

"Did you assist a man rolling logs (naming the place) dav before yes- 

"Yes. I believe I did." said Hendricks. 

'A\'ell. that settles it." said the man of toil. "W'e ■lo\ved thru it was yni. 
and I want to say to you. stranger, that any man es will neiglil>or with a feller 
that way and not be bio win' 'bout such important business to hisself es runnin' 
fur Congress, is just our kind of a man. That feller you helped is my son-in- 
law. He and another son-in-law. my son and me are all \\'higs. but every 
darned one of us intends to \-ote fur }-ou.'' 

It will go without saying that the tally sheet showed a change of eight 
votes in favor of Hendricks. Since that date the man who gets out am'nig th.e 
people, iningling v.-itli them as neighbor and friends is called a "log-roller." 

OLD settl?:rs' .\.'-S0CI.\TI0X, 

Since the close of the Civil war at various tinies. irregularly, there have 
been held old settlers' reunion.s. Along in the eighties these meetings of pio- 
neers and their children were largely attended and fraught with much pleasure 
and were the means of drawing together people frurn ditterent sections of the 
county as well as some from adjoining counties. It was sometime in the earlv 


eighties that a j.iiiU n><oc;ation \v:i< fornici! l.y old settlers livin,^- in S!ic!l>_v. 
Rush. Bartlinlomow and JrhnsMH c ■unties, 'i'hi- asMiciaiicni held its re,t;ul:ii- 
mcctinjrs at Riverside Paiiv. near l-"lat Rock. Slielbv county. X.jt alone did 
the older members cf the counties represented cujtjy the-c eiuhusiastic gatlier- 
ii\2;s. hut also thousandis nf the \(ninc'er £;-eneralio:i minQ-'.cd with the if'ld pio- 
neer hand and. ali in rill, the meetini;> were nf srreal interest. .\t these re- 
unions speeches were made hy cHstin-uished men from over the state, and 
reminiscences were the order of the day. The-e were related with luuch feel- 
ing at times, again with luuch laughter and of a comical nature, as the caidy 
day scenes were related. One of tlie old settler's reminiscences was re-pro- 
duced in 1NS7. Iiiit i-> ti)" l"ul! of gii(-)d sc-iuiiucnt and historic pnims {>> be left 
out of this work, hence will here be gi\-en space: 

These arc the remarks made by Re\-. Elephlet Kent, so well known in 
connectio:; with the hisior} of the Presbyterian denomination in Shelby coun- 
ty. He caiue tn this camty in iS-'9 and lived to be about ninety years of 
age. Pie spoke thus : 

"It is now luore than half a ccr.tury since T came to Sludl)y\ ille. I had 
left the theological seminary in 1S29; and feeling that it w^uld be important 
for a minister to he suitably married, upon my return home. I turned luy ar- 
tcntion in that direction. I met my first wife and proposed successfully. Her 
father's favcrite luaxim upon tlie suijjecl of luarriage was that daughters 
should be luarricd. i>ir and not on. W'iien my wife ami I \vere read}' to start 
for our Illume mis.-ion t'leld in the tlitn far West, it seemed as if iii'= daughter 
had been niarrie<t /en f\ir off.' The trip to Indiana at that tiiue was an im- 
mense affair, an undertaking of far lucire luag-nitude than a jiairney to Europe 
would be in our day. It wa'S a sad leavirig, and we parted with many tears. 
\\"e came down the Ohio river on a steamboat and arrived at Madi.son at night. 
I preached for the pastor tw'o Sundays and then went far oit out into the 
missionary field. I purchased a horse, saddle and bridle, paying the sum of 
thirty-five dollars. My wife rode in the stage. In this way we reached Bar- 
tlrolomew county. Idier.ce we entered Shell)}' county and reached the 
home of John Conover. While there James Hii!. the grandfather of ]\Irs. 
Teal, sent his s. -n. James, with a h.orse for my wife. 'I'his family was better 
off than lU'iSt of the ea.rly settlers, for they had a log cabin with two rooms. 
From there we went to Shelbyville. to the house of Major Hendricks. We 
were well received everywhere. I was now upon mv field of ministerial labor, 
and engaged boarding in the house of Dr. S. B. Morris. There were two 
roijms in his residence, and one of iheni. ten b}' sixteen feet, became the par- 
lor, study and bed rooiu for my wife and my-e!f. After three tnonths we 
movetl a small two-story brick building, ju<t ilni-hed. In l!ie lower ro, .m 
ni}' wife iiumediately opened a school, and we lived upstairs. 

"I remained in thi.-^ IkM till iS;,; ami then aveivei! a call tn Greenwood, 
where I enniinued my ministerial labiir-; fwe vc:\v<. 

"As 1 stand Itere lud.ay and Ic ik hack, I feel that it i> very difticult to 
realize the changes that have taken place within this time. The limits of the 
town were then very small. From Hendricks street to Franklin, and from 
Tompkins to Pike was all there wa> of it — and that sjiace was occupied hv 
but a few small caliins. .\t srmie seas'i-is it was extremely mudd}'. Vvim 
where I now live it v. as often impossible to reach town on accunur of bad 

"Once a- young- minister. ^Ir. Danforth. and I, had been preaching in the 
country and were iivertaken by niglit. It was so very dark and the creeks were 
so high that v,e cc>nclu(led to remain all niglit. Sn we hitched <iur horses and 
entertained ourselves the best way we culd : and if I have ever in niv life 
danced to keep warm, it was then. Early in the morning we started, imt 
knowing what direclinn to take, but sorm found a pig path, which led up t.i 
the hou.-e of r\Ir. Curran wlio had been at our meeting the day before. lie 
]iil(-'ted us un to Shelliyxille. 

"To me it is very pleasant tu look back upon those days gone b_\'. I felt 
that I was the liappiest of men. My wife, too, enjoyed the missionary lab-ir 
we were engaged in, and on her d}ing bed said she never regi'etted coming 
here. Tlie Prcsliyterian- were anxious to have preaching in their own faiil;. 
and treated us with the greatest of kindness. I would often take my wife 
with me on Sunday to my jireaching places. \\'e always fuund the latcli- 
string out. It is true that tliei'e was generally bntt one room in the luiusc. 
When we would sugg-est that perhaps it would ni.'t be convenient f'.r them tu 
let us remain c>\-er night, they would in\'ariably reply that it was entirely con- 
venient. At bed time, the one bed would be made into three or foiu". and then 
the task was \v w to get in. This was a little mortifying to my young wife at 
first, but after a time we got used to these unavodiable inconveniences of a 
new country. 

"Shelby county is secnd to none in almost everything that goes to make 
up a prcispemus commnnit}- avid a hai^py and contented peojile. But the 
people of the present generation must know that they owe a debt of gratitude 
to those who opened the avenues that have led to their success. Energy and 
perseverance have peopled every section of her wild lands, and changed from 
a wilderness to gardens of beaitty and profit, where but a few years ago the 
barking of the wolves and the screaming of the panthers made night hideou.> 
with th.eir wild shriek-, now is only heard the Ii^wing of domestic animals. 
On the spot where but little more than half a century ago the savage pitched 
his tent, now ri^^e the palatial dwellings, school-liouscs and church, spires. 
The transformation has been brought about by the incessant toil and ag- 
gregated labor of thousands of tired hands and anxious hearts, and the aspira- 
tions of such noble men and women as make anv countrv great. 

'■'I'Ik'ic arc Imi l\\\ cf tlic-c- c^ld pi.nKirs ycl liiit;en'iicj on tlic ^Imrci of 
time as c. 'iiiuTiiiiL; links <<i the past uilii tlic present. Tlicir trials, their pri- 
vali'ins a:;il liarilsln'iis were many, and they Ixire ihcin withniu mnrmm-; nf 
bmden- they ha\e h irne their sliaie. an-.l imw as they arc passins; far 
down tlic wesiern (lech\ily of life the} should ijc clieered up. ro\ eved and re- 
spected, f. r henuiih thuse nuiyh exteriors heat hearts as nohle as ever thr^hhed 
in the human hrea-t." 

It is to be deeplv rei;rettcd that for the last twenty years not much atten- 
tion has been paid to these old settlers' meetin,<^s and no regular society is 
now in existence. 


At an early da}- the pioneers in of our Indiana counties needed such 
institutions as hanks. The people were poor and traded such commodities a.s 
the}- p)r(jduced for the necessities of life in way of a trade, exchange or barter 
S3'Stem. Ihe earl} -day merchants who had [o eni])lo}- some in the trans- 
action of thiir hii-iness. cspeciall}- when they weiU to inari:et for the buying 
of a new annual, or semi-annual, supijl}- of goods, and thien the}' usuall}' carried 
their mone}- in a i)air of saddle-ljags to Indianapolis. Cincinnati or other large 
cit\'. Stich was the method empk.iyed for tlie first third of a centur}-. at least 
up to iStI, when the banki'ig business was commenced at Shelby ville by the 
establisliment of the hankingdiMuse i<i Messrs. John Elliott. J^m^'* Hill and 
Alfred ^Nlajor, under the tirm name of Elliott. Hill S: Company. Out of this 
g;re\v, in 1S58. the two banking concerns known as the Shelby Bank, of Samuel 
Hamilton, and the banking house of Eliiott & iNlajiir, which transacted busi- 
ness until i8(.5. then sold id the Elliott Hank, who merged their interests 
into the lirst Xalional Ijan.k, which is still an important and lhi.»roughly 
up-to-date financial institution of Shelbyville. 

In contrast there is a wide difference between the days when coon skins 
and other jjelts went current for a medium of e.xchrn-ige in Shell)}- county and 
those of this the first _decade of the progressive tw.-entieth century, wlien every 
tOAvn of much importance has need and possessees a first-class Ivink. wliere 
depoits and savings can be securely placed at a fair rate of interest : where 
drafts and foreign exchange can he procured for a mere trifle — less than letter 
postage once \\-as in this county in 1825. 

To give a clearer understanding of the presei-it bank-ing business of the 
entire county, with Shelbyville as the con-imon center, the following is given 
as the banks doing a successful Inisincss in April, 1909: 

At Shelbyville. the banking business is entrusted to the follr.wing sound 
financial institutions: Shelby National Bank, established in 1855. as a bank- 
ing house. It has a paid-up cash capital of $100,000. Its president is Thomas 
W". Fleming; cashier is Frank E. Wilson. 

3°^ cirAHwirK's iii>tokv (m- siielcy co.. T.\n. 

The First Xatioual Bank, cslablisiicd m iF^.;. is one of the great banking 
concerns of tiiis section of Indiana. It lias a paid-up casli capital of $100,000; 
surplus and undivided profits. .-^136.000; depMsiis ,,f $('.67,000. Its president 
is John Me>sick-: its ca.-hier being John .\. ^'oung. 

Fanner's Xalioual Faiik. established in i8i;j. lias a jiaid-up ca'^h capita! 
of Sioo.coo. Its olhcer.s are: President. .S. \\ .MeC'rea: cashier. C. V. 

'Idle other lianking business lejireseiiied within the county is as follows: 

Fairhvhi First Xati.'iiai Faulc. established in U)0(k with a paid-up cash 
capita! of 825,000. The president is J, C. \"oris : ea.sliier is V. A. Whitled. 

The .yvrristozcii riiimi State Bank wa.-, establislied in 1894, with a caj.ital 
of S_'3.oco, and carries on a successful i^enera! banking business. Its presi- 
dent is William .M. Pier.son ; cashier is C. T. Williams.' 

Tlie Bank of U'o'.drou. at the town of Waldron, near Shellnville. in 
Liberty towiishi[), was e-tablislu-d in kjoj. w itli a cash cajiilal .,f, has 
ofticers as follows: President, J. A. IlavniMud; cashier, Pr;r! Ilavmond. 

Among the explosions occasioned by the use of gas, in the city of Slielliv- 
ville, may be j.roperly mentioned Iiere, that <,f Xoveniber G, 1906, on East 
Pennsylvania street, at the re>idence of ]ve\ . G. G. A\"inter. pastor of the Evan- 
gelical Protestant church, and a time lior.ored pioneer of the county, whose 
name figures in many sections of this work. It was on the annual election day 
and happened at about one o'clock in the afternoon, as a result of gross care- 
lessness on the part of two amateur plumbers who were employed bv the local 
natural gas company, Im put in a gas meter at tlie parsonage where Dr. Winter 
and family lived. That th.-y were grossly careless, it only needs to be added 
that they turned on the gas in the basement of the front part of the building 
and were at work in tlie same, with a lighted candle, unprotected from the 
fumes of escaping natural gas. It occurretl on annual cEction day, voting 
going on next door. 

At the time of the terrific explosion Doctor Winter and .son, Emil. now a 
physician of Indianapolis ('then a student, home from college to cast his first 
vote) : also his mother, so greatly beloved within Shelby county for her manv 
sterling (lualities of both mind and heart, were present in the house. The father 
and son were in tlie fn-nt v(nm. or the d.ictor's -tudy and library. Tlic father 
was hurled upwards, as tlie ceiling and rojf parted. He wa> sent in a westerlv 
direction and was tlirown to the ground witli great violence, and at the same 
time, while in mid-air. was struck upon Iiis head by some of the timbers of the 
falling roof. 

Pie soon regained his senses and thought only of the other members of his 


family, and tried to gain an entrance to the liasement. hut in the removal of 
some hrick, can>ei_l an ojiening which allowed the ga?. then on the, to ?e\ercly 
burn him. The son was thrown into the liasenient. in attem])iinf:^ to get to the 
north iiart of the house to rescue his mother, who had fared worse than cither 
the father cr himself, for she had been pinned down beneath die falling; walls 
and collapsing roof of the main part of the hiuse. The son did not reach his 
mother. Ijut was fright full}- Inirnetl and .-ustained serious injuries on his hand 
and arm. 

The word soon spread and the great throng of men and women from all 
parts of the cit_\- somi came to th.e rescue and remo\-ed Mrs. \\'inter. who with 
her husliand and son., wa-^ many weeks laid uj) and suffered intense jiain. The 
mother has never. prolKibly never will, fully recovered fnm the awful shock 
and from injuries sustained by her body. 

The house was totally wrecked and had to be rebuilt. The library and 
many priceless articles were destroyed b}' the explosimi. ddie workmen — 
plumbers who were the cause — also sustained injuries severe and lasting in their 

Dr. Winter and family never received any damages from the gas ccim- 
pany, who at that date seemed unable to pay. Even the doctor's bill and jirop- 
erty actually destroyed were not even made good to the family. 

It seems almost a miracle that none were killed outright, for the col- 
lapsing building, with its brick walls, was reduced to fragments, while the 
rei>ort was heard a great distance. 


August II, 1890. there occurred a terrific natural gas explosion, at and 
around the Ogdcn graveyard, in Liberty townshi[). Fountains of lire and 
water burst fortli from the earth. The bed of Fbtrock river was burst asunder 
and rent in many places Ijy the frightful explosion, which witnesses and later 
by scien.tific men, including the state geologist, stated was caused by the frac- 
ture of the strata of lime rock that had been a day or two before shattered by 
use of explosives such as giant blasting powder and dynamite, at the stone 
quarries at St. Paul and nearer points. This made fissures, or openings in the 
solid rock for several miles and included the bed of the river and Conn's creek 
which forms junction at the place where the worst part of this explosion oc- 
curred. This opening in the rock formation, which lay over (in thin strata) 
a natural gas pocket, where the ages had been storing away gas in great 
quantities, and this, it is belie\-ed allowed the natural gas to make its escape. 
Not many hours before the explosion, men had been burning brush and tim- 
bers within a short distance from the sp^t, and so it would seem that the 
solution of the occurrence would naturally be that this fire ignited the escaping 


30^^ CIIAI'WUK's IIISTOKV OF Slll.l.UV Id.. INI). 

lie ilial a? it may. the cxciteim-iu ran h\s:\\. IVojilc in ilic ininictlialc 
vicinity were greatly alarnied — con^ternatil .n \va> . i-.i cverv hand. Me*<ai;e> 
^vcrc -cm iierc and there over the cuunty, and \\itl;in a slL.rt time lutnch-cds 
were on tlie ^]K<t to view the strang-e and alaniiinsr cata>tri>])lic. wliich some be- 
lieved to l)e tlie end of tlic world. At tlie town ot W'aldron l!ie populace 
was almost distracted with fri.ght. Men rushed alons; the streets with whit- 
ened faces, while children clur,,<,' close t' > their mnthers for a supposed impending 
danger. Gray-haired veterans stood aghast and w(->ndered if reallv their time 
had come. Xot a few of the citizens predicted that "time would be no more." 

The scene was between two and three miles from \\'aldron. where tlie 
IHatrock makes a horseshoe bend, the same being a part of the Kdninnd Cooper 
farm. The Ogdcn graveyard is directly acn ss the river and one citizen re- 
lates how he went to the cemetery and there lieheld the tlames rising lo the 
altitude of fully two hundred feet. Fifty or more fountains of fire and smoke, 
mingled with mud and water were violently hurled skyward. There were also 
eight distinct geysers. The river bed was lorn to pieces and huge fissures in 
the eaiih and rock}- formation were \isilile. These openings were receiving the 
waters of the river, while great sheets of Hame were sweeping on the surface 
of the water as it was lost in the crevices below. This included more than an 
acre in extent. In one place a huge hole presented itself to view and from this 
opening came a terrific roaring and rumblin.g. that caused many lo believe it 
was the work oi a volcanic eruption. For eighty rods along the river, the bed 
had been rent into many immense fissure-. Stones the size of a large dwelling 
were hurled fn-m thi~ spot. The grave yard was badly broken up. and upon 
good authority it is stated that in several instances the cracks had exposed 
the boxes holding caskets, which could be plainly seen. Gas flamed furiouslv 
from a tract covering about ten acres. Up and down the river, for a long dis- 
tance, the trees and brush \\ere literally Inirnt and scorched. One stately tree 
was totally uprooted from its place and the large ro.jts snapjied asunder like 
mere threads. The theory is that as so^n as the escaping gas became ignited 
on the surface it worked back into the p'.icket in which a great volume of 
it was stored in the earth. 

The road bed along the river, in places, was completely wiped out and 
cracks crossed the highway, so wide that spectators had to step long in order to 
cover the opening. Corn fields near by were roasted, stalk, ear and all. 
Blue shale was thrown up in a moistened state and from this manv people 
made imitations of books, while the shale was yet in a plastic state, but which 
soon hardened, and are held in different jilaces in the countv todav, as relics 
of the calamity. 

By nightfall the flames mostly subsided, but the heat was still intense, and 
smoke was seen escaping from the ground, which still led some to think it was 
of a volcanic nature. It is stated that the first and loudest report was heard 
a distance of six nn'les. 


State Geolog-ist Pr.'f. John Colleit, oi" In.lianaiioli's, visiu-d tlie jcciic 
the next day and gave it as his opinion thai it was caused as al)'j\e narrated, 
and haiJ no indication of vnlcrmic erupt i^n. 

It is n a til he wondered at that people in tliat vicinity lielie^ed tliey were 
on tile xerL^e of n aiie awful calamity, a.s ;i in;in siaruis .as liel|)le>s as a new- 
born babe in the jiresence of the great forces of nature, hut luckily U' >ne were 
injured and soon the peace and order of a toiling- people were resumed and 
today but little is thought oi the strange ami interesting iihenomenon. 


One of the most nuled singing clre^-es. pri'ljahly ever fnrmed. and con- 
ducted successfull_\ for more than seventy years, and still in existence, is the 
one known as the "'^lissouri Harmony" class, organized imt later than 1S3S at 
Alorristown i (jr in a log schoul building near by), by Dr. McGaughey. the 
pioneer doctor of that section of Shelby count}. Besides beir.g an cxccller.t 
physician, as that term was undei"stt"M! in the Inng-agit da}-s of the thirties, he 
was also a musical prodigy. He was an excellent and highly cultivated singer. 
Avho it is said could carry any jiart in the musical scale, drifting from one 
part to the other, as he saw his special voice was needed in the class, and at 

;\Iusic running in only iVair notes and designated, by musicians as "Mis- 
souri Harmony"' was very popular in early times and. he taught a large class 
of pioneer singers after this peculiar fashion iif singing. It really became a 
fad and spread tliroughmit the entire musical wurld. With the return of each 
May, for all tliese multiplied, years. :io season has passed without a genera! 
meeting of the people fmm various -ections e'f the I'nited Slates (many of 
whom had been the good doctors early-day pupils) and for a solid week music 
of this class was the sole thought of the people of Morristown and Shelby 
county. Immense throngs wouhl come from far and near — some from ?klis- 
souri, seme from lowri, some from Ohio and Kentucky and Illinois, all uniting 
in swelling the grand chorus, after the old and charming style of four-note 
music. The roads entering ?\Inrristown were filled with teams and vehicles 
for a mile either way. on the annual weeks of musical festi\-ity and right hearty 
good cheer. Shelhyville and her lovers of the sweet strains of vocal music were 
ever present to swell the throng. 

It was early in the fifties that Dr. ^vlcCiaughey formed the ''Old F<dks 
Singing Class" to wliich lictween forty and fifty people bchmged. The last of 
tliese are now dead (with possil)ly ime exception). W. W. WVi.idyard. ulvi 
was a great bass singer, and wh.o A\as of this class, died in 1908 and is supp^ised 
to be the last of the class. After the older members died others were added to 
the class and in time the "[Missouri Harmony'" style was superseded by tlie 
cliajiason music, using all eight (<i the musical notes. 



The annual gailierin!;'-s ui tlii^ cla^^ are still kcjU up at M< .rristown. indeed 
it is a special feature of tlic town and is looked forward u> witli the return 
of each May-day. 

THE woman's CLCn. 

The \\'('nian's Club is the name of one of the clubs in Shelbvville, at 
the date of the pulilicatiMn of this work. It is the name of the (-'Idest literary 
club in the city. rre\ious to its there had been a clas.s formed 
under the tintion of Miss Catherine Merrill, a s'itted lady of Indianapolis, and 
later a club was farmed hearing her name. There had also been a few persons 
who met together as Chautauquans, but tlie ■■\\'oman's Club"' was the first 
organization in the county formed in response (if the enthusiasm of the club 
wave that swept over the o-'untry nearly twenty-rive vears ago. 

This W( man's club was iVninded liy Miss Carrie A. Powell, then a teacher 
in our public scIt. ils. in October, iSS'j. The membershii. was limited to 
thirty, and the list has always been filled throughr>nt the twentv-five vears of 
the existence of the club. At present only ten of the charer members belong 
to the clubs, while of these eight have l.ieen member- continuou-lv. One because 
of serious illness, another on account of removal from the city, were for a 
time not connected with the club. 

The Woman's Club has always been a study club. It- motto, "Mind 
Unemployed, is Mind Unenjoyed," is ilie keynote of its existence, and the 
complimentary sentiment, "Xot because I raise myself above something; but 
because I raise myself to somethi;ig, do I approve myself," shows that the 
object of the club, as stated in its by-laws, mental improvement and social en- 
joyment is well taken. 

The study of history was the work of the clitb for the first fifteen years, 
and is still pursued in a slightly modified \vay. Six years were spent in 
English history, tracing the interesting course of England from the ancient 
Bi-itons. of Druidical worsb.ip. down to the middle of the nineteenth century. 
Then coming naturally across the seas, American history from the earliest 
times to the jsresent time was considered. This study covered a period of 
eight years of the club's life and was followed by one year de\'oted to the 
''Louisana Purcha-e" ; this year being the exp-osition year of the one hun- 
dredth anniversary of this notable event, made the woi'k doubly interesting. 
Tlien a year was gi\'en to the profitable study of our own Indiana, followed 
by the years of "Glimpses into Jewish History," delightful and helpful they 
proved to be. In 1007-0S the study was quite different, and yet allied in 
thought, being "Modern American Literature an.d Art." 

The social side of the club is most enjoyable: five open meetings are held 
each vear, to which many friends are invited, atid which all seem to appreciate. 
Usually the regular program of the club is carried out, thus giving the guests 

Cil.\l>\\lCK i HI>T.iRV OF SliF.I.HV Ci 


of tlie (lay an op]iortnnity to enjoy a t;-liinp>e oi the work we arc aiming to do. 
At the first meeting- in Octohcr. 1900. the cUib will eelebrate its twentieth anni- 

The \'\'oman"s Clnb is a member of the "Indiana Slate Federation of 
Clubs." and hopes by this relati.jn to Ijrdaden and deepen its own club life, and 
to extend its influence outside its r.wn little circle. 

Since the organization of this club about seventy-five dilYerent women 
have been connected with it. The membership varies from vear to year, un- 
avoidably, but the \acancies are filled whenever th.ey occur, often the applica- 
tion? for membership exceeding the vacancies. 

In 1S96 our gentle founder. Carrie A. Powell, passed from mortal ken. 
Three other names are written with hers on the memorial page. ];!ut we 

"Think of them faring on as dear, in the love of there, as the love 

of here : 
Think of them still as the same. I say they are not dead, tliey are 
just awayl" 

PLVTTIE E. Roisixs, 
April, 1909. Shelby ville. 


(By Horation C. Sexton, D. D. S.) 

The modern social problem involved in the severed interests of man and 
wife in lodges and women's clubs is sometimes a trying one. The husband 
likes not cold suppers nor does the wife like to remain alone at night while 
the husband goes to lodge. It was some such considerations as these that in- 
fluenced ]\Irs. R. X. Flarrison in the summer of 1892 to suggest to some of 
her friends the frirmati..n of a literary-social club, into wh.ich both husbands 
and wives could enter. "The Wihub" (wives and husbands) was the result. 
Its first meeting was held in Octoljer. 1S9J, with Mrs. R. X. Harri^^on, the first 
president, in the chair. 

The membership was composed of fifteen couples of Shelbyville's best, 
the charter members being: Mr. and Mrs. \\'. E. Blakely. ]\Ir. and rvirs. 
Isaac Carter. Dr. and :\Irs. J. R. Clayton. Mr. and Mrs. C. \\'. Culbertson. 
^h. and Mrs. II. H. Daugherty, Jmige and :Mrs. L. J. IlackncN-. ^Ir. and 
Mrs. R. X. Harrison. Mr. and :\Irs. J. D. Pngh. Mr. and Mrs. .M.' B. Robins, 
Dr. and :\Irs. J. W. Rucker. Dr. and ^Irs. H.' C. Sexton, ^h: and Mrs. F. C. 
Sheldon, Rev. and Mrs. E. B. Sc^field. Mr. and ^Irs. E. E. Stroup, ^Ir. and 
Mrs. A. I-. \\"ray. 

Of these original fifteen c mples only three couples now retain their mem- 
bership intact. Death has invaded the ranks of the "Wih.ub Circle" n:any 
times, choosing manv shining marks in the course of thet.r'.^anization's seven- 


teen years" existence Tlic-e losses were the nvTe tell on accoun.t of the 
\\"ihub's lieiuL; mure than a Hterary-sncial club — it Ijei^an as a circle of friends, 
almost as one large famil}-. and that feeling of warm friendliness has never 
been absent from its gatherings. Of deaths there have been the following: 
Mrs. W. E. Blakely. Dr. J. 1-^ Clayton. Mrs. C. W". Cnlbertsun, Mrs. R. X. 
Harrison. Mr. M. R. Robins, Mr. and }>Irs. 15. F. Love, Rev. E. 1-'. Mahan. 

Many liright, interesting men and women have been loyal members of the 
W'ihvib and have added much to its intellectual enjoyment, l-'r^jm out it-^ ranks 
have sprung tw'^ full ne<lged authors. Eet'ore ever the vorld heard of Mr. 
Charles Major, the Wihub enjoyed numerous essays from him and still takes 
pride in the brilliant record made in the world of ficlicn by Wihub mem- 
ber. The other author, Mr. H. H. Daugherty, now a resident of Asheville, 
North Carolina, has produced a mr)St charming b^.-k of essays entitled, "The 
Young Lawyer and Another Essay." 

Other members now living at a distance but who still dwell in the fond 
memor)- of the ^^'ilntb. are Judge and ]\Irs. Hackney, of Cincinnati, Ohio; 
Mr. and :\rrs. E. B. Scofield, of Lidianapolis : Mr. and AL's. W. X. Ewing, of 
Fort ^^'orth, Texas; Mw and }vL-s. Joseph Chez, of Ogden. Utah; Dr. and 
^Irs. Rucker, of Greensbin-g, Indiana. 

The club's membership i> limited to fifteen conjdes. Its programs consist 
of essays, reviews, debates, reading and music. Considerable original matter 
in the way of short tales anil poetry have been presented. One important fea- 
ture of each meeting is the dinner, for \\'ihubers believe not in the mortification 
of the flesh. It has been h.eld by them that intellectual and g;astronomical en- 
joyment are not incompatil'le and they have e\"er acted upon that opinion. 

To Byron's adxdce — 

"Let us ha\-e wine and women, mirth and laughter. 
Sermons and soda water the day after." 

is attributcil much harm in this wrirW. To the credit of the Wihub belongs 
a new motto — 

"Let us think and eat and laugh and play. 

And ha\e nothing but f uid memories the fi:>llowing day." 

The membership today is composed of the following well known Shelby- 
ville people: Prof, and }klrs. J. R. Coar, Mr. and ]\Irs. O. \V. Cotton. Mr. 
and ^Irs. E. B. Cotton. ^Ir. aiid Mrs. R. X. Harrison, ilr. and Mrs. R. W. 
Harrison. Dr. and Mrs. S. P. :vrcCrea, Mr, and ^Irs. H. C. Morrison, :\Ir. 
and :^Irs. H. C. Rav, Airs, llattie E. Robins, Dr. and Mr?. II. C. Sexton, Mr. 
and :drs. F. C. SheMon, Mr. and ^vlrs. E. E. Stroup, Mr. and Mrs. Charles 
Tatman, I'rof. and IMrs. j. H. Tomlin, Mv. and IMrs. D. L. Wilson. 


As early as the year 1824 a public library was l>egiin in ShelbyviUc. It 
grew to considerable size and value: was long known as the "^rechanics' Li- 
brary," antl had connected with it a thriving lyceum in whicli the citizens of 
that day expatiated u<)on the exciting topics ol the times and some trained them- 
selves for eminence at the bar and on the fnrum. In 185-' tb.e library was 
destruyccl in the conllagratir.n of the old seminary building.' In the centennial 
history of this county, compiled in 1S76, a small booklet, though very valuable, 
it Slates that there were at that date the following libraries in Shelhyville : 
The township, the :\rediodist Sunday school library, the Presbyterian Congre- 
gational. Robbins Circulating and the public schcujl libraries.' Besides these 
there were at that date school libraries in each township within the countv. 
Thus it will be seen that the people here have ever been on the alert for all 
that was excellent in the training of the mind thrcnigh good literature. 

THE ■''C.\KXFx-.Ie" Lli'.KAliV. 

Tliough it has other institution^ of n(.te. the pride of Shelbyville is its 
public lil)rary. Beginning in a small way, it has grown bv degrees until no 
city in the state of the same size has a hand.-omer structure or a better ordered 
interior. The idea had its origin in the minds of the members of the City 
School IVjard. when the high school building was in the jtrocess of erection in 
1895. Two small rooms were set aside for literary purposes, which proved 
to be the germ from which at a later period grew a tine establishment equipped 
with all the best appliances. After the completion of the high school building 
in iSg6, subscrii)tions of money and books were taken to the amount of some- 
thing over one tliousand dollars. A small tax was levied to maintain the em- 
bryonic library, which was formally opened to the public on November i, 
iSgy. From the beginning there had been a gradual growth and upon the 
opening day there were one thousand volumes on the shelves since which time 
the number has grown to six thousand. A happy selection of librarian was 
made in the person of Miss Ida Lewis, to whose competent work and inde- 
fatigable zeal the success of the enterprise has been largely due. and she has 
an efitcient assistant in [Miss ]\Iay \\'ood. The library .soon outgrew its first 
humble quarters and in 1901 an appeal was made to Andrew Carnegie. Jan- 
uary 23, 1902. This famous iihilanthropist sent a favorable reply through his 
secretary, ottering a donation of Inc thou-^and dMlIars to be used for the con- 
struction of a ]il)rary. and this gift was later increased to twenty thousand 
dollars. The City Council jirMmptly accepted the offav provided a site lot on 
the corner of Broadway and Tompkins streets, an.d a guaranteed annual main- 
tctiance fund could be ol:>tained. Plans and ^pecificatiorjs were prepared by 







1 t 

■arlv in 


a contract w 



le . 

actual w 


was hes^un in 

stone was 1 


1 w 

iih appr 


ite ceremc^nic-i 

Grand Cha 





slield deliverin 

completed , 


1903. and w 

as ])ronouncec 

;iir,Lr.v co., ixn. 

IS let i^ir t]ie constructinn of the 
May ;ind in Au-ust the corner- 
by the -Masonic Order oi the city, 
§■ the adilress. Tiie buildiui;' was 
by good judges a g-enuine work 
of art. The architecture style is Ionic, the material Betlfird stone, the interior 
furnishing being of rpriner -awed oak. with frescosed walls and ceilings. The 
work and all the a]>pi:intnicnls are of the best. The first board of education 
having charge of this artistic impri:>\'enient consisted of Harry C. ]\Iorrison, 
president; Frank Bass, treasurer; William E. Blakely. secretary: J. H. Tomlin, 
superintendent. The selcciing cnimittce were J. H. Tunilin. cliairmau. Mrs. 
A. D. Williams Isaac Carter. Miss Aurilla Jeffers. H. S. Downey. Ida Lewis, 
librarian, and ^lay Wood, assistant. The classificati.m of buoks of the library 
is as follows: fiction, general works, philosophy, ethics, religion, church history, 
mythology, sociology, jiolitical science, pi >litical economy, law and constitutional 
liistory. administration, educational and internatii .nal educational series, cus- 
toms and folklore, science, mathematics, astrrinomy, physics, geology, biolog}', 
botany, zoolrigy, library of useful stories, useful arts, medicine, fine arts, archi- 
tecture, sculjjture, drawing and painting literature, American essays, Ameri- 
can miscellany, foreign miscellany. English poetry. English miscellany; 
Tra\-el — in Eur^jpe, Asia. Africa. Xcrih America. ?\IexicM. and the West 
Indies: United States, South -America: biogrriphy. .\merican men of letters. 
Oceanica and polar regions, artist liii'graphers. English men of aciitni. 
English men of letters, famous women, juvenile literature, state and gijvcrn- 
ment reports, etc. 

The library stibscribes to twenty-six ntonthlies. eight weeklies and eight 
dailies. The books used in the library were eight hitndred thirty-five, and those 
loaned thirty-six tlKjusand thirteen, the total being- thirty-six thousand eight 
hundred forty-eight. 'J"i ital immber of books in the library at the present time 
is nine thousand four hundred fifty-four volumes. The Dewey classification 
in the library and all books are catalogued by author, title and subject, and 
references are made to chapters in each. book. In preparation for the shelves 
each book is handled about a dozen times and in circulation frrjm three to six 
times, there has been an increase of about four hundred per cent, in the circu- 
lation since the beginning. The juvenile circulation is very large, often ex- 
ceeding the circulation of the adult fiction books, which is regarded as an im- 
portant item as fiction generally constitutes about seventy-five per cent, of the 
total reading. The present board of education and oversight consists of the 
following named ladies and gentlemen : Dr. S. P. McCrea. president ; George 
H. Meiks. treasurer: Isaac Carter, secretary: S. C. Eerrell. superintendent. 
The committee on selection are S. C. Eerrell. chairman: Mrs. E. C. Sheldon, 
I^lrs. John D. Pugh. H. C. Morrison and Edward Lewis. 



This library openol with .nie llmu^and volume, upon the -helves aud 
Miss Ida Lewis was aiipninted lil.rariau. She is a -raduate of the Shelbvville 
public schools and f^r several years previ.^us to acceptmce of this important 
position had been a teacher in the scho,.ls. 

She received her in librarian.diip at th.e Tcrre Haute State 
Normal and spent tlu'ce monihs catalooi„n. the bx.ks previous to the openin? 
01 the library. The b,..-,k, are cla^^ihed and catajoo-ned bv the Dewev system 
and a dnectory catalooue gives the books by author, title and subject.' Refer- 
ences are also made to chapters in books and articles of ten pages or more in 
length, so that the contents (of the library) are promptlv available. 

^^■hen th.e work necessitated it. in 190J, :Miss Mav \\ ood became assis- 
tant hhrariaii. receiving her instruction from :\Iiss Lewis. 

\\ hen the library was moved into the new building (in June, 1903,) ac- 
cess was given in the children's room to a limited number of books iii non- 
fiction and a record kept for several months to see the growth of this kind 
of literature. In three months it grew to three limes wha't it had been before. 
Soon access to the shelves was given to the general public and has proven 
highly satisfactory to both patrons and librarian. 

Perhaps the process through which a book passes in preparation for the 
shelves will be interesting and instructive, showing the labor put upon theni 
before they reach the public. When a new order is given for books, each 
book IS entered upon an order card and these cards are filed aphabeticallv by 
author. The source of the order is from a list kept throughout the year by 
the librarian and her assistant, also lists from each member of the selecting 
committee upon subjects assigned them by the chairman of that committee"! 
These lists are placed on the order cards, with author, title publisher, price, 
person approving, etc., and the cards arranged by subject. The list is then 
copied from the order cards and sent to the ]nib]isher.>, the order cards being 
retained as a check-list when the books come. When the books arrive they are 
placed on the shelves in the librarian's office, checked from the bills and order 
(list) cards, examined for damage and the date of bill, price, firm of whom 
purchased noted on the reverse of the title page. The books are then arranged 
by subjects, alphabetically by author for accessioning. When. entered in die 
accession— book, the author, title, place of publication, publisher, date of 
publication, size, binding, source, cost, and number of volumes, or copies are 
given. In this way this record forms a complete history of die book. The 
books are then stamped and pocketed an.l arranged by subjects for classifica- 
tion. A shelf of twenty-five or thirty books is then studied and a number 
given each according b> its subject, this number is then compared with the 
shelf list to avoid duplication ami placed on the pockets in the tnok. To cata- 
logue each book five cards are written for it. except in fictiiin. which has four. 
These cards are an author card, a title card, a suliject card, a printer's list- 


card ami a slielt-list card. The referencci are al^' ni:ide v.hicli my require 
twenty-five entries. The charg'ing' card i.s written cintainin,- cIa>siiication, 
author, and title of the bo,jk and placed in the puckei of the bouk tu remain 
while the book is on the shelve.-^ and act as a charge when it is in circulation. 
Tlie books are then labeled, the list written for die ncw.-^papers, the cards 
placed in the card cata]oi.::ue. and the books are n<iw ready for the shelves. In 
this process cacli bouk has been handled at least a dozen times.. 

In addition tu the preparation of the books for the shelves, a set ol 
records is kept as for any other business. This with the circulation and ref- 
erence department constitute the wijrk of our library of today, if fully up to 

The Shelbyville lilu'ary now contains over ten thousand \-olumes. exclu- 
sive of g-overnment reports and publications circulated. During the week 
beginning February i, 1909. one thousand seven books — tb.e lai'gest during 
any one week — were circulated. 

For three months, diu'ing the summer of }QOj. Miss Lewis, tlie librarian, 
visited relatives in Fngland and INIiss Lillian Ilenley, now of the state library, 
substituted for her. At the same time. Miss ^^'ood, assistant librarian, having 
resigned her position. Miss Bertha Bcwlby was appointed to fill that position. 

This library had always co-operated with the public schools and given 
them many special privileg-es and the pupils, in turn, have been among the best 
patrons. A graded course of supplementary work will scon be issued for the 
schools and from time to time new features will be added to make the 
librar}- more efficient. 


In 1857 the Shelbyville di?tillcry was built and was owned and operated 
by various persons from time to time. In 1S72 it became the property of John 
Beggs, who continued to run it up to May, 1SS3, when the main building was 
burned : the office, warehouse, criljs. cattle pens and all outbuildings were 
sa\'ed. Immediate steps were taken for rebuilding the distillery department, 
on the foundation of that which had been destroyed by fire. In 1883 die 
whole structure was rebuilt and enlarged. A change of ownership was also 
affected after which it was known as the Shelby Distilling Company, made 
up of the following persons: John Beggs, John E. Beggs. a son of the original 
proprietor, Henry Beggs, Reuben D. Harshman, an old distiller from Dayton, 
Ohio, and Robert Frazer, of Cincinnati. This company was organized July 
28, 1883, with John Beg-gs as president, Henry W". Beggs, secretary and 
treasurer. Distilling was resumed by this coiupany in Xovcmber. of that year. 
The capacitv of the plant was three thousand bushels of corn per day, but it 
was seldom run tcj its utmost capacity, as that required the great amount of 


over one niilli.Mi buslicls ■•{ cini per >car. The}- could i>ut in the market fif- 
teen tliousand gallons per day. on wliieli the internal revenue lax was, at ninety 
ccnts per i^allMH. thirteen thousand, five hundred diollars per day. or four million 
nine hundred twenty-seven thousand five hundred dollars per year. 

Later an adtlition was made to the plant in which hi.£;!i wines and rectify- 
ing bv a charcoal process of filteration was carried on. They also had a corn 
warehouse on the railway tracks that had a capacity of twenty-three thousand 
bushels. This was in addition to the storage for corn at the distillery proper, 
which amounted to eighty-five thousand bushels. 

The government tax paid from August t. iSS6, to August i, 18S7, 
amounted to eight hundred f<irty-seven thousand four hundred thirteen dollars, 
besides four hundred eighty barrels oi alcohol that was exported to Europe, 
on which no tax was jjaid. The government officers connected with this dis- 
tillery were four store keepers and three gangers. The n.umber of hands em- 
ployed in this distillery in 1SS7 was an average of forty-five men. In 1886 
this company bought and consumed two hundred ten thousand bushels of 
corn in Shelby county alone. 

After the last named date the plant went through various changes and 
hands, sometimes suecessl'ul and sometimes adverse. It was finally merged 
with the National liquor tru^t. ran for a time and finally closed. Xo licjuor 
has been distilled here since then. 


When the Grange movement struck the county it had many zealous 
devotees in Indiana, and the first lodge of farmers in this order in Shelby 
county was organized in 1873 and known as Pioneer. Xo. 152. Within three 
years there had been instituted in the county thirty lodges or granges, as they 
are known now. At Shelbyville was located Pomona Grange, which was of 
the fifth degree class in the order. Its object was the highest elevation of hus- 
bandry, and it also had the [nwers and functions of a high court. In 1S76 the 
total membership of the patrons of husbandry or granges was something in 
excess of two thousand. They represented a capital of from three to five 
million dollars. These granges were of lasting good in many ways to the 
communities in which they were located, but so far as doing away with 
"middle men" in trade and commerce, they were not a success, and after a 
few years the stores and grain houses conducted under their supervision, went 
back into private hands. There are but few. if indeed any, more patrons of 
husbandry lodges, or granges in the county or state, and if so are occupying 
a legitimate sphere in building up agriculture by association with one another, 
thus producing the best results. 


Next to a suitable cabin in wliich to live, tlie matter of a place to obtain 
milling- was uppermost in the mind of the early settler in Shelbv couiitv. These 
first settlers must at least be supi>lied with bread stuffs once a year from other 
sources than their own hands. The first crops, be thev c\cr so abund.ant, qave 
only partial relief, there being- no n-iill.-. within the c niniv. Hence the neces- 
sity of grindnig by hand power, and man}- fan-iilies were but poorly provided 
with means for thus doing. The tin "grater" was used by many, and in n-iany 
cases the "iK-miny-block" was resorted to. It was more than three rears after 
the first seliler set his stakes here in Slielljy county here before a mill was put 
in oiieration fir the grinding- of corn and wheat. Hence home-made lluur 
was used, unless the settler took the time t.i "go to the mill" at White Water, 
Franklin county, forty miles away and wait days at a busy season of the 
year in taking his ttn-n to get his wheat ground. A little later a mill was built 
and known as the "Quarry's Ml]]." near .Afoscuw, Decatur county. Xext came 
the home mills in Shelby county. 

One pioneer who passed through those days of privation and difficulty 
has said "Was quite an undertaking — this .going to null. It was a two o'r 
three days' journey. S'luain-ies it was made by a pair of oxen di-awing a two- 
wheeled cart: but fre(|uently the fai-mer on horse-back, seated on a big 
bag of grain. This made the journey tedious, and his return was anxiously 
awaited by mother and children. There are son-ie recollections of 'going to 
mill' not in poetry of today, but in actual experience, that l;rings a tinge of 
sadness to one's heart. The true picture of weary watching wife and mother, 
when nightfall came and the pioneer father and hu.sliand did not return as ex- 
pected. Too many grists ahead of was the true cause of his long dela\-. 
These were dismal phases of pioneer life in hidiana. When the darkness closed 
in upon the anxious luother by the half open doorway and crying children 
alwut her; the winds beating on the rude cabin, bringing to their ears unwel- 
come sounds, laden with howls of half stan-ed wolves and when the inmates 
of the cabin were pressed heavily for .something to eat. But gencrallv s|)eak- 
ing, the true h.ousewife became equal to the emergency and sometiiues pressed 
.the old cofl'ee mill int > service and ground a mess of parched corn for the chil- 
dren to eat until the pioneer returned with 'white fiour.' when a royal feast was 
enjoyed by all the family." 

It is quite certain, from the best evidence at hand at this late day. that the 
first mill within Shelby county was that built by John Walker on Blue river, 
at the present site of the Shelby mills. This was a small frame mill, erected 
and running early in 1S23. Xathan Johnson, was the milKvright. Din-ing the 
same year. Abel Sumiuers built a mill in Marion whicli stood where later was 
built the Marion Flouring ]\Iills. Aljout the same time. pos<;iblv a trifie later. 

CHAnwiriv's nrsTORV of snKi.r.v co., tnd. 317 

was built tlie Ira Bailey mill, on IMuc river in the town of Frccport : tliis was 
managed by Latbrop Francis. Tbis mill is still in an excellent state of preser- 
vation witb stone piers, stone clam and stone race and flnnic and a h\g\\ jjrade 
of lliiur i-; made tliere. 

It wa,-- tbc law and cn^tcm at an early date to ubiain wliat is known in 
legal parlance as an cuf quod dainmnn. or a permit to construct a mill-dam, 
whicb pro\ided for damages in case of (iverilow on crops, etc. Sometimes tbis 
rig-bt was waived, as settlers wanted mill:^. and tbey did not require tbe process 
to be perfected before actual milling wa- done. Tlie record sbows tliat Isaac 
Drake built and operated a flouring mill on tlie nortbcast quarter of section 25. 
townsbip 11. range 6. on Flat Rock river, some time \n-\o\- to tbe summer of 
1823. wlien tbe writ was actually fnirille<l. To nearly all of tbese mills was 
attacbed saw-mill macbinery. as well as grist mill appliances. A few years 
later tbis brancb of milling proved tbe better paying of tbe two. and large quan- 
tities of lumber were cu.t and sold for building purposes. Oak. poplar, wild 
clicrrv. black walnut, maple and otbcr varieties of native timber were also cut 
and sbipjx'd to distant sections of tbe couiUry. wbere suitable timber was scarce. 

Coming to an accotmt of tbe various inills tbat bavc been built and oper- 
ated in Sbell)y county from tbe early-day to now it sbould be said tbat in ad- 
dition to tbose already mentioned tbe Star Mills were establisbed in 1856, 
erected by II. P. Jolmsou, wbo was a noted grain dealer and pork-packer. Tbe 
mill was located at Sbelliyville and tb.e upper, or fuurtb. story was all in one 
large rcrm. fitted up for a ball, and it was called "Jobnson's Hall." Tbis place 
was used for all public gatberings, sticb as balls, theatrical performances, con- 
ventions, mass meetings, etc. In a few years Johnson, the proprietor, failed in 
business and badly involved many of his numerous friend.s here. He removed 
to Davenport. Iowa, and was succeeded by the firm of Porter & Dixon, grain 
dealers, and tbey in. turn by Jasper PI. Sprague, wbo dealt in grain. Xext 
came Alonzo Swain and Lewis Xeibel, of Jackson township, wbo dealt in grain 
and manufactured bouiiny. In 1S67 ^Ir. Swain bought bis partner's share in 
the business, and put in milling macbinery, converting the grain ware house 
into a mill for tbe production of a good grade of flour and continuei] in such 
industrv up to the date of his death, whicb occurred in 1S72. After his death 
tbe Star ^vfilling Company was formed and was composed of Squire L. Van- 
pelt. Sidnev Robertson. William A. Moore. George W. Kennedy. James Y. 
Stewart and Michael Snyder, of Hendricks township. It was sold to Peyton 
Johnson in 1875, and be conducted the same until 1879. when it was sold at 
Sheriff sale to Samuel Hamilton, a banker of Shelbyville, who bid it in for the 
amount of bis mortgage against it. amounting to .something like five thousand 
dollars. In 18S3 George V^'. Kennedy and John M. Brown, a local lumberman 
of promi'.icnce. bought and remodeled the mill and put in a "new process" or 
the patent milling appliances known as the roller system of flour-making, then 

31''^ chadwick's iiisTOKV or siiKi.nv co. 

I N n. 

first cuiiiin.<;- into s^encral use. It then had a capacity of one lumdrcil fifty bar- 
rels per liny, and tlicse men ctnitinned to snccessfnlly operate until tlie spring 
of 18S7. wlien James 11. Kennedy. p,m of Georo-c \\'. Kennedy, lioui^ht ^^Ir. 
Brown . ut. after which th.e firm \va^ (icr-e W. Kci;iK-dy & ."^■•n. who i.iierated 
the mil! f. .r years. In iSi^j the fnll rnller ])n.ces- ( late-t in-.ppveements) were 
added, and it n^w has a daily capacity of lun hundred harrels of excellent 
o-rade ll.ur. It is n^w the pr.tperty cf the G. ^\^ Kennedy Millint,^ Company. 
The Water .Mill, u-ually styled the "Slielhy Mills." was the "old original 
mill, tu which the siiecesMa' cnmmenced o;)erati''ns many years ago. even be- 
fore the settlement of the CMun.t}' had amounted to much. Year after vear its 
ponderous wheel revolved and its nnchinery clanked under the burden of its 
load. The first saw and fiouring- mill in Shelhv c. >untv was built bv John 
Walker in iSj2. upon the present site of the Shelby Mills. Earlv in 1842 
Tames Elliott imrchased thi- mill pr. .|.crty : it tlien consisted of an old grist mill 
with two nui of buhrs. and th.e remain.- of an </ld ~aw-inill. The latter was im- 
mediately rebuilt. In the spring of 1844 Jdhn Elliott came to Shelbwillc and 
took a half interest in the jimperty. and tlie same year a wooden, mill was erect- 
ed just above the race bridge, between the race and the river. In iSj6 the saw- 
mill was removed and the present fiouring mill built on the same site. It was 
greatly enlarged in 1S56. being increased also to six run of buhrs. Its output 
was one hundred barrels a day at that time. The jiropertv in 1S50 passed 
into the hands of Jaojb A'ernon and W. O. Rockwn, ,d. The latter was soon 
succeeded by Evans Elliott, under the name of Elliott & A'ernon. Steam was 
added to the water power furnished by the river. On account of an accident 
the liealth of 'Mr. Elliott failed and h.e was compelleil to retire from the busi- 
ness. In 1859 the mill passed to the hands oi Alexander Cory, whc held the 
same at the date of his death in 1864. It was then purchased, by David Kemp. 
but a year or twn later it was purchased by W'illian.i Elliott. r)avid P. Camp- 
bell and A. O. Porter, whij operated under the firm name of D. C. Campbell 
& Company. J. M. Elliott was admitted to the firm in iSf^'r Later the firm 
was known as Elliott. Kennedy & Company. In 1870 G. \\". Kenned v sold 
his interest to John Mes.-ick. now president of the First Xati mal P.ank. after 
which it was operated as Elliott & Company. In 1881 George E. Kent be- 
came a partner, and two years later William Elliott retired. Mr. Kent taking 
his interest, after which the st}de of the milling firm was Elliott, ]\Iessick v^ 
Company. The mill was overhauled, remodeled and ■"rcller mill" machinery 
placed in instead of the old time buhr system. In 1884 J-'lin Messick disposed 
of his interest to George W. Senour. and the firm consisted of the equal part- 
ners. J. M. Elliott. George E. Kent and George W. Senour. btit worked under 
the name of Elliott, Kent iS: Senour. As it stood in 1S87 this mill was fifty by 
eighty feet, and four stories high. It was about 1894 wdien this milling plant 
Avas remodeled and the patent, or "roller process" was installed, having a daily 


capacit\- of twci luin.lrcl l.arrcls. It is under the iire-eiu propriei. ir.-liip ,,t C. 
II. liin'iian^ Son. 

At an early .lay what was style.! the "llan.ner Mills." in the n..rthern 
part of the e. 'Uiity. .li.l a lar-e tl. mr-niakinL;- htisiness an.l rivaled, if not exceed- 
ed the mills at Shelhyvitle. But the-^e mills have l.-.n-- since --.uie to decay, an.l 
little left to mark the spot .^nce s.) hiisy with the grin.lins;- of .t;-.ilden g'rain. by 
water ji. iwer an.l the ..Id system. In i.'^;'.) there were three differ- 
ent tlonrin-- mill plants in Shell-yville. and many here and there throughout 
the ciintv. Saw-mllU and tanneries were aU.) l.^catcl in > sections of 
the e. runty, !)ut I... a clian-e.l con.liti.ui of industrial life and activities 
in the c uintrv luanv of the~e once prosperous concerns have disappeared, hav- 
ing hecn swallowc.l up hv trusts an.l .liffcrent mcthoils wdiich have come to ob- 
tain in .!ur progressive land. The chief milling business of the county is now- 
done at the two great tloiu-ing mills at Shelbyville. 


(P.y Capt. T. L. ITaymond.") 

Idle following reminiscence is extracted fmm a b.ioklet pi.ldidied in iQor.. 
at Wakh-i^i, by Capt. T. I.. Haymond, entitled. ^'The Ha^-mond I'amily," and 
the same coiuains. among other interesting accounts of t';e early day settle- 
ment of Shelby county, the following: 

"Our people composed a colony of the eaidy settlers of Shelliy c.'unty 
along th.e ..Id State road, and many of them located near ^lid'lletr.u ii. After 
the bill was ])assed authm-izing a slate road from r^Iadison, on the Ohio river, 
to Lalce Michigan, in 1822. and tlie s.amc was surveyed, it was found Uj pass 
through Slielb}- county fr.-m southeast to n'.rth.west. It was on this road. 
near the crossing of Conn's creek, that our people — the Haymonds. settled. 
It was here that John ^loore an.l his father located a tannery, the first witliin 
Shelby cjunty. John :M..ore afterward married Kannah V>. Haynnind. Sam- 
uel ]\Ionroe married Dorcas Ilayniond ami settled on the east side of tlie 
Havmon.l colony, near the east line of Shelby county, and there establi.shed 
and o] .crated a tannery many years. I have not the names of all this colony, 
but among them were: Owen and Thomas (commonly called "Long" Tom), 
They were smiths by trade, and after a while move.l further west, wdien we lost 
trace of them. About iSjq ^^'ilham riaym.>nd. cousin of my lather and grand- 
son of Edward Hammond, of Revolutionary fame, came to the colony from \'ir- 
ginia. bought a tract of land and founded ^Middletown. This tract was longer 
considerably than it w as wide, for it only occupie.I the frontage on either side 
of the State road for quite a distance either way. It was not long until the 
town was settled and with the best class of people. It had a hotel built in the 

i^'^od old-fa^hionol way f,.,- cMiifurt niul c ■nvenicnco, wiih a wide rxuTl, in 
tront. cxtendmo- ,]„. .vhole kn-th oi tl:i' lin„.c. a-id -miiK- 1„,m" wi^ .uic 
Joseph Cummins wIm had imniM'i-nir,! i,, .1, . ■ i .- ,•• • ' ■ 

'_ ; " "■'" '"'""t^'-T^"! I" t.u- ui,. n\- near CuK-mnat!. 

he smnl,. .,„ ,,> was a hxture and wa^ presided .ner l,v tlio crenial odditv, 
Samuel and ,f we are rightly n,!nnne<l u,. temple .>f iu^tice was pre- 
sided en er by one Wilham Cnnnor. who had heard of the eolonv and eime 
trom Kentucky. 1 he first -enend store was earri.d .,n he David I oven who 
anc.-ward moved to and .lied a rich l,anker at Greenshurir. Tiie distrihnier 
dicd'!ni?rw''i"'""' ''"' ^'' "'"' ^'"^''''"'' ^'' "'"' """"' "' <^'-^^"^''^"-^- ^'='^' 
-M.n Haun,,nd was also prominent in die alTairs ,.f Hu- t-wn and married 
^laro-aret Cunmnns. They huilt and made their honie acn-s. the ro ,,1 o,-.o 
site the hotel, -riiere were many others prominent in the carlv hi^torv of this 
quite noted village, wia se name^ cannot well he -iven in thi^ connection u-v 
ack ot space. It is sai.l that after a short time of prosperirv. chills and ma- 
lanal lever entered tlie homes of this heretofore happ^■ people a'!,! were hold- 
ing high carnival. 

"\Mien the frogs came up from tlie miasmic districts an.l findino ilie vil- 
lage m a sorrowing condition, the king frogs mounted their throne (the fro- 
stool) and croaked out in a bass voice: "Wdio lives in ^liddletown?' nelt-no- 
no answer, the trog repeated in a louder strain -Who lives in Middlet-wn -^• 
After a moment's silence, comes back the answer, il.^ating o\er the murkv 
waters of Conn's creek and through the silent darkness of th.e niglit: -Cummm's 
and Connor! Cummins and Connor!' Then it apj)ears the silent spectator is 
awakened from In's slumbering dreams and remembering his rel'atives fas 
Dar\^^n would have it) fnrn an opposite and n,-.t far distant direction lie 
sends his answer at hgluning .peed, through the still, balmv air to tin's honored 
curt. Tt was s., shrill and so full as to iar the elements to such an extent 
that the residents were awakened only in time to hear his appeal, uliich was 
alter this fashion. T.axter, too! Baxter, too! 

"Xow, when the t-jwn \\as emerged from this trying ordeal and had re- 
gained its former greatness or goodness, it manv vears of 
but many of the citizens had grown tired of Hvhig witli'in' the borders of the 
noteil village, so they loaded their plunder int.> carts, to which was generally 
hitched a yoke of oxen, after the fashion of the times, and went \\'e5t"to grow 
lip witli tj-.e country and seek their fortune as well. 

"Others who had grown tired of living at other places took up their abode 
within the limits of our t.nvn. so it went on until the time of the building of 
the railroad, which proved a detriment to our pro,sperity and the town of' the 
olden time s^on became a Ixack mnr;ber. 

"The new town which was built only a mile awav was named Stroupville. 
(but we call it V>'a!dron, for short). Quite a number of our citizens erew 


tired lif livin-- in a country town withr.ut a railroad sn they liied iheiii^elvei 
away tu the new Imwii. 

"Our ]iostnia^ter \va? one of the tired ones: so lie bundled up' the otlice, 
packed the letters in hi? liat and bu^k departure for the new town to start an 
ofiice of his own. As a matter of course. >.Iiddlelown was no longer pro.s- 
perous. but yet remains a souvenir of the pioneer davs. 

"1 sit and think when the sunset gold .• : 

Is flushing through the windi:)\vs at h'tme. 
Of the long gone pleasures of old." 

"The rough ex;ierienee oi the roaring, toiling, stormy world may blot 
out all fither things from the mind, but the ]iirture of our early home must be 
with u^ forever on tlie walls of menvory ; until the silver cord be loosened 
and the golden bowl broken. 

"The old homestead farm, entered in 1824, by my father, although 
changed from what it was in my boyl'.ood days, tliere still lin.gers in my mem- 
ory a beauty that surrounded the old farm. It was there fliat my eyes first 
beheld the light of day : it was there that I sung, cried and piayed at my 
mother's knee and surely there was a grandeur and environment that sur- 
rounded the place that cannot be firgotten by anyone accustomed to visit there. 

"The approach from the ^outh was by a winding road through a beautiful 
grove of stately sycamore trees and hard by a rippling stream. Deer creek, 
where many happy hours were spent fishing, swimming, catching chipnnniks 
in grain sacks, and other amusements, common to the time. The approach 
from the north was over an undulating woodland: a heavy growth of hard 
maples of wliich we were proud for we called it the sugar camp and anxiously 
looked to the time when we could take the old horse and sled: di'aw in the 
sap; boil it to a sugar and have a 'stir-oft' and a general good time. 

"Another place of interest v.-as the old-fashioned orchard with an abun- 
dance of ])cach trees and a great big dry kiln. This lay between the sugar 
camp and the house and was our natural play ground, as may be witnessed 
bv the many that have been parties to our Sunday romps, such as playing town 
ball, hide-and-go-seek, and m.any other amusements of the times. 

"When I write the memories of early life, my mind becomes so crowded 
with the things which were a necessity in pioneer life that I hardly know 
where to begin or which to give first place. Things that are long ago out of 
date : things that have been superseded many times by modem improvement ; 
things like sickles, the mowing scythe, the wheat cradle, the hemp or flax 
brake, a machine made of wood and worked l)y hand to brake the woody fibre 
that the lint might be separated therefrom.- which was done over the end of 
an upright board with a sword-shaped knife, made of wood. This was called 


-■<-- CHADUICK's HlSTdRV OF SIIKl.i;V CO., IS]). 

scinchino- ,M- sin-linjr tlic hem,. ,,r tlax : next wn,. the hackle to prepare this 
lint for si)iiiniii-: „ext wa-^ tlie spinnin- n\ heeh the !a)-e one tor wool rolls 
ami the small one— tread-wheel— t"or the >pinniii- of llax. The reel, the ma- 
chine to form the threads into a skein: then the windin- blades to hold the 
skein, while the threads are wound into a hall; next the warpin- mill a ma- 
chine with uprioht arms which turn around on which the warp is"f,,rmed' f r, .m 
tlie balks and is thereby made ready for the lo,,m uhich wa^ a convenient ne- 
cessity in almost every h;nisehold and occu])ied a prominent place, especially 
in winter, when next wear's clothing; .was to be woven: next, in way of curios, 
was the rope w..rks. which was l"astened to a tree at one end and a cart made 
for the purpose at the other end. The .listance between the tree and the cart 
was measin-ed by the len;>th of roj)e de-ired. made. 

'•While we are in the w.:o,l, xve think .,f other thing., that would seem 
strange to the >,.unger jieople of the twentieth centurv : such as the burning 
ol hmc. by making a gre:U heap or pile of l,,gs ,,11 which the hme rock was 
place.l. '1 he log. were burned in thi. way and also the Im^e rocks were con- 
verts! into lin-e. which wa^ u^ed for cliir,king the cabin and building the 
chimney of olden times. 

"'idle farm impleinenis were very few and rude. The Ijreaking i);ow was 
made entirely ..f wood; the hay-fork was made from a limb of a tree in the 
wo.xls: the .sled was a convenient luxury used for hauling th,e crop- to the 
barn : the barn was made of covered either with rye straw or b. .ards. The 
pioneer farmer was i.rond of hi^ barn. The harness (when horses were used) 
was a combination of n.pes. corn husks and leather. m;id.e up at home at odd 
times. Coming back to the-house. whicii was also made of logs, we find it 
furnished with a great fire-place in one end. in which was fastened a forked 
iron bar whicli was called a crane and used to hang pots and kettles on for 
cooking purposes: connected with these was the large oven, with lid turned up 
at the outer edge to hold the djals of fire: this was to bake bread and especial- 
1}- the old-fashioned sweet corn pone. The Johnny cake was made out thin 
and baked on a board set up in front of the fire. Idie best artificial light was' 
made from the tallow dip or candle: the common light was obtained fi-om a 
wick burned in a saucer cif grease called 'dip.' 

"Ingenuity was greatly taxed in making furniture for the house: nur-ing 
cradles were sometiines made by splitting a hollow tree and cutting it the 
proper length. The children of the pioneers never wdre stockings or sIhjcs. 
excejit in the severest weather in winter: they usually slept in the garret or 
loft, which wa.- reached by means of a lailder. The fare was of the coarsest 
kind: C(irn l)re:id and i).i:k were the sta])les of diet. Sometimes wild turkey 
or venis...n were added. Thi^ was a luxury, however. The mail wa-, carried 
on JKM-seback. when the streams and road,, were ])as^able: the postage on a 

s m.-min- 


letter was twenty-five eents: cnvclr,pe< were unknown: letters were folded 
and sealed with sealinj^' wax. 

"There were, of cnur.-e. no theaters nor .i|K.'ras. but social dancing- was a 
favorite pastime, while these were a few of the conveniences of pioneer life. 
Soci.ibility wa^^ ne\er lo.-t sjoht ,,f: the laieh-lrins^ was always out. Snnie 
writer has said that S(,eial liiV had then it> •-oldoi periodi." and we are led 
to helie\-c it. 

"How wondrous are the chang-es. 

Since eighty years agii : 
When girls W(^re wru-jlen dre>ses. 
And hiiy- wore pant-- ..f tow: 
W hen .-ho'c,~ were made of cowhide. 
And socks fri.n.i h.,me^pun wool: 
And children did half a da}"s work 
Before they went to sclnxil. 

'J'he girls tuok music lesson^ 

I'p'.n the spinuhig wl;e(]. 
And practiced, late and carh'. 

On spindle sv ift and rtel : 
The boys would ride the lior?es to mill 
"" ' .\ dozen miles or m^re. 

And hurry oil before it \\a- duv. 

Some eighty years ago. 

I cannot tell the cause. 

But men are always tampering-. 
With XatureV wmdrou- laws. 

And what we think \\e"re con-iing to 
Does any one pretend tri kmiw? 

For everything- has clianged so much 
Since eighty \-ears ago." 


')"he first celelivati'ii of the National bideendcnce in Shelby county wa^; 
had in i8j2, rnid was in man_\- waxs the nio.-t intere^ting occasion e\er bad 
in this CMU'.ity. on a >imilar h.ibday. The T,egi-lative Comnii>>ii M■ler^ had just 
fii-iished the wurk of locating the cou.nty seat of this county and the annomice- 
ment was made at tlie celebrati' mi gathering lield at Shelbyville. Among other 
e\-cnts a great barbecue \va- bad. in-imediately north of the present fair 

1 ■ 3-4 CHAIiURK's IIIMUKV ()!■- SlIKl.l'.V CO.. 1X0. 

j w!io was still livin- in iSSo. was an ..1,1 pi.Muvv an.l h,.n..rc,l dtizcn I<aac 

■i H. Wilson, wh,, at thai time fnrni^lKHl tlit- P-llnwinq- iact< : 

.| _ ••There were present ahnni two hundred perso:-'s ,., that uecasion hail- 

Hio- halt a d-ze-. dilTereni seltlenie.ns— MarL-n. l-reepnrt. Wrav". Set- 
J tlement. Inrks. Handpaek and ^.-me hve r.v n,.,re tannlies fnon the imniediaie 

^ settlement. We had a deliolnu,! day, and, enjoved ..ur^elves a. well pn.hahlv 

■| as the same number of persons ever did in the .virnc len-th ci time. We had 

-j provisions in abundance, such as beef. ,...rk. mutton, deer, tr.rkev and h<h. 

j The bread was excellent autl plent_\- of it. Xo one asked for pay fnr what 

I was furnished for the assemblas'e. Ximnul Gatewond was the conk. Our 

I meats were barbecued over a ditch that had. been du- h>v the purpw^e and 

then filled with live cals. John Cherry went out that m..rnino- and killed a 
j four-])ronged buck and brought him in as his contributi.n-.. ".Abither" Voung 

i furnished a loaf of raised com bread, baked in a Dutch .nen, .and I defy yu 

to produce anything equal to it today. Our tables were ha>ti!v g..tieii up' by 
; • driving forked sticks into the ground: pok-. were then put 'crosswise, 'and 
; Upon these were placed slabs. 

'•When all things were ready to put upon the table, we were brought to a 
' dead standstill for want of dishes upon which to serve our meats. Fuit our 

j delay was only momentary. An old lady by the name of Goodrich, who. it 

I was reported, had been a captive among the Indians in her youth, upon hearing 

I of the ditticulty directed a couple of young men w cut doun a young hickory 

j tree. They then peeled off th.e bark in sheets about tw.j feet long," and tied 

i up the ends in such a manner as to f.M-m a dish large enough to hold a saddle 

of venison. She next showed them how to sharpen tliC knives, using one as 
a steel to whet the with. 

••I remember well, on that memorable day, riding through the beautiful 
fertile bottom, later owr.ed by ^^lessrs. Gordon and Senour. upon a horse fifteen 
and a half hands high, carrying a stick in my hand to keep the nettles out of 
my face and eyes. There is one more incident of that day which left a deep 
impression on my mind. It was this: About fifteen persons formed a circle, 
one of them had a fiddle. It was passed around, each one plaving a tune: 
after which we dispersed and all went home, well satisfied and contented. This 
was the first fourth of Julv celebr:itii.n in the newlv organized countv of 
Shelby." . ' ' 

E.\ia.V n.W PXAKES. 

At an early day Shelby county was iiifested by many snakes, including 
rattlesnakes, vipers, adders, luilk-snakes, garter, water and blacksnakes. Alanv 
of these were deadly poison. In sectii>ns of this crjunty, it was the cu-tom for 
settlers to form themselves into companies, armed with a stick, mattocks and 

CHAmVICK's HISTOKV OV S.lKl.nv O... IX,. ,,- 

James Smith gave an inci<Ien; cncerning snake, wnrthv of bein^ men- 
.oned ,n th. connection: "U-,,,. .nn.ue n-.n, K.linbur, .n tl, ■ m f 
1S34. m-ar the present site nf the P.aptist churclu in t!,e Sett neio- 1„ , ,. 
nny ntU.nt,on ^vas attracted by a noise in tl,e leaves ne^- he o^ : 
stopped snd.Ienly and soon discovered that it was a o.nMr.t f.r i", 1 , 
rattlesnake and a blacksnake. l^ravnnV ,e , he , k , V ', ' 

e^d at my presence and ,nick,y di^ppe^^^Hr^be'^t ^'^ l^^^ul^^lt" 
after a few seconds of apparent rest, crawled slowlv a^^av to th b e .' 
sma cldi. nea,- the creek bank. Following a few paces ].L^U^Z : 
s.ght there seemed to me to be hnndreds of those venoniotts reptiles I im 
mediately ,.pan-ed to the nearest ;.,u.e. and with the father, so and do" 
we retnrned to the sp-t with various implen.ents of warfare. ",e,.;; 
kdled many rattlesnakes of all ages an.I .iizes." 

_^^•ith tlie settlement of the'country. a large proportiMn of the deadlv 
species o| .lakes disappeared. leaving a few of the !es. harmful ones, win h 
arc found at this dav in small number^ 

XATI\-F. A> 

tne deer, w, ,. bear, panther, wild-cat. f,,x. otter, raccoon, ground-hog. skttnk. 
mink, weacel muskrat. rabbit and squirrel. For the first few vears 
the meat used by the pioneers was selected from the best of tlu-e wild aninnk 
the venison being the most extensively used. The most tn.tible.ome of all 
was the woh. he being the common enemy of the sheep an<l other domestic 
animals, riie- n.ght was made hideous by their unearthlv howlino-s Bears and 
panthers were common, bttt not nearly so numerous. ' One thrilling incident 
must here f^nd space, showing as it does the furv of the wild beast^^as f„nnd 
in Snelby county, when white men first set foot on the vir-in s(,il- 

"On one occasion in the year 1821 one Lewis Hendricks, who lived 
near Schoo, Section Fonl. went to a neighbor bv the name of Solomon 
George, who was a skillful hunter, and a^ked him to shoot a deer for him. 
George consented, and the two started up^i the chase. Thev had not 
far when they suddenly happened ui-m tur. Noung bear cub's Georo/i„,- 
mediately said-'Xow we'll have some fine sport.' He directed Hendricks to 
pinch the ears of the cu1)s. Their loud and piteotis cries soon caused the 
mother bear to appear on the scene of action anri defend her voun"- Geor^-e 
then took deliberate aim and fire.l. Tlie bear turned back and ran! and Hen- 
dricks, being confident that she was fatally wmmded. hastened to pursue her 
He had not gone far. h.Avever. before the bca.- turned su.ldenlv upon her then 

326 ciiadwick's ihstiirv hk shf.i.i;v co . ind. 

unarnu-d ]nirsuoi'. and witli i^reat Uirv tlirow liim to ilie ^-'''lund. 'I'lic silna- 
tion \va- critical. Imt with wonderful l)ra\cr_v and ])ri<L-iicc of mind. Hen- 
dricks dimMed uj) his tw,. fisl^ and li..!dl_v implied iIkiii intn ilie niMnth .,f tlie 
slic-lx-ar. In tin's de-operate condition, the intiepid ('",-. r-e ni--hed t.> the <\y<X. 
and plungini;- his hunting; knit'e dec]> int ■ the liowrls "i the hear, saved his 
friend's life. Hendricks Imre the scar>. of this tierce cncunnier ever after." 

pioxEEi! r>Rt:ss .\xn eaki.v f.xshicixs. 

With the settlement nf every new emnlry. each -ecti^n has had its own 
peculiar manner of dress, dwing tn the part of the cnntry in which tlieir lot 
lias been cast, the climate and elements enterin-- into the (piestinn. al-o. 

In Shelby county the dress of the pioneer father and son was either a coon 
skin cap or home-made wool hat for the head. Tlic feet were covered with 
moccasins made of deer skins and shoe-packs of tanned leather. l>ut shoes were 
worn by most of tlie pi'nieers in Slielby ci -imty. except in tiie summer m(inths, 
when both male and female went barefooted. The blue linsey hunting- shirt 
was worn by men and boys, and as has been said liy an early pioneer. "T never 
felt so happy and healthy since I laid it off." It was made with wide sleeves, 
open before, with ample room so as t(i envelop the body almost twice around. 
The pantaloons of the masses were ma<le of deer skiti> and lin-^ey. but to the 
early settler in Shelby county, cotton and jeans were more comnMn. 

As to Itow the women of early days went dressed, the fidlowinv; is quoted 
as being tlie vivid recollections nx Aunt Susan Goodrich., g-ixen in her own 
language : "X'ow let me tell you how we luade our dresses. \\'hen the right 
time of the year would come arountl. father. Cynthia and I wouM piu up the 
flax-brake on the b;ig sled and haul it dowi; near th.e river, where there were 
plenty of nettles. Cynthia and I would carry nettles to father and lie would 
break them. It took an armful to make a handful when it was broken. We 
would work on in this way u.ntil motlier would say we had enough for one 
piece, and then we would hackle and spin it for chain : then take a-.i equal 
quantity of wool cord and spin it for filling. We would then dye it in different 
colors by using different kinds of bark, place in the loom weave it when 
we-would lia\e beautiful strijied linsey." 

This, then, is the simple story told of a very simple process that was 
fraught, however, with great labor in producing cloth at an early day right 
here in Shelby county, now so well supplied with all the latest fashion plates 
and goods (factoiy made) to produce all sorts of garments for b^ith men and 
women. If the present generation are ever given to thinking the}- have a hard 
lot in life let them think of the early struggles our forefathers had to undergo 
in order to lav for u~ the foundations upon which tf'day re.~ts our great in- 
dustrial life. 


From an historical wvirk wliioh incliKk-.l his „t .><i;elhv oaiiitv hi-^t.u-y. 
\vc extract the f.illow ing- frnni the ]K-n ..f Dr. .Mih.'ii 1',. R.'.hins: 

".Afy Iii(h;in ;iiicl luinting: cxixMicurc- arc vci\- Hiniiccl. I never saw an 
Indian licre. nv killed a hear cr wmIi. Tlie ..nly heai -i-rv 1 have is. that one 
night a hear att.acked a h-.g- of ,.ur~, h.ut v>e were afraid' t.. interfere and he 
made a good meal l-.r the hear. Wdule going to mill 1 often saw several deer. 
but never killed one. We often heard packs of lumgrv wolves howling 
in the nig-ht. Onr doi.-. were -mietimcs injured hy attacking ])orcui.ines and 
getting their quills in their luouths. necks and jjaws. S.|uirrel> were very 
plentiful and fre.|uently ate nearly all the corn we planted, hefore it came 
through tile groimd: then in the autumn time would take a share of it as it 
was earing. The ea.rly settlers formed hunting parties, "took sides' atid offered 
premiums for s,|uirrel scalps, the side kdiir.g the greatest numher hcing award- 
ed the ]Mize. 

"In the early days the settlement^ were all confined to the low h.ntom 
lands, and we dreaded the fever .and ague an<l liilious iV\-er as we would now 
cholera, if it mailc its annual \isits. This was hefore the davs id' qiunine as 
a .specific. Then the wo. mIs were .nie dctise forest, the underl) heing nettles 
and pea-vines, often s.j thick one could scarcely jienetrate them. Uaxing no 
grain to fee<l, oiu" horses were compelled to run out nights i^i order to ohtain 
foo(l. ;riK'y would ha\-c to be hunted in th.e morning when the dew was on 
the vegetation, and a luan would get very wet ch.asing them, and then go 
to work plowing in wet clothes and keep so until ncarl\- noon. 

"I have often w.^ndered how a community could live with as little money 
as we had. The county was mostly settled by Kenluckians and Ohioani, 
with a few from Tennessee and the Cao.linas and still less from Pennsvlvania. 
It being just after the Indian wars <.f iSij-i^. there was no f.ireign dennnd. 
We had nothing to sell, no one had money with which to buy. l-:verything 
was bartered: one d(.illar then wfiuld go as far as ^ix now, but then it was 
really nominal, for we rarely handled a dollar. 

"What little wheat we raised was cut by sickles, it being before even 
the (la_\-s of cradles, and of course before rea])ers. We thought this never would 
be a wheat cmntry. as the groun,] was so rich that the grain would fall down. 
After we began to more than we needed for home consum[)tion. the near- 
est market place was Lawrenceljurg and Michigan City — this wav to the Ohio, 
and the other way to T,ake Michigan. The old Michigan road woi,!,] be lir.ed up 
with wagons containing f r> iii ten to fifty buslvels of wheat ilrawn bv one 

Tliey would be lu the read ten days or two weeks, take their Iior<e feed ;ind 
pnjvisions along with them, and bartered their wheat t'or salt,, cotton. 

328 ciiadwick'.v insTCkv or co.. ixix 

yam. c. iITlv, etc. lln^s wi'it- .lri\-e-i tlic same ivnuc t,, Mi^-!iiu;an City . t 
Cincinnali. The iiimilier <•{ s^iain wa^MU-; in. ilie fall ,.f the \ear. ami the lb •.::;■ s 
in tile winter, wa- astnni-hin-. a-; the In'o; fp :in the n. rth ;i,> far as C rawfnnls- 
ville and Grcencastle were ilrixen through hcfc to Cincinnati." 

K.XKl.V DAY TKAHF. ANP Cl i.M M f.UCi:. 

In pioneer times the transactit)ns df c >mmercc Nvere u>iinll\' unlx- nei,c;T.- 
borhood exchanges. Cash was Httle kni>\\ n : indeed they had but small ii~e f^r 
it then. The barter system was a rather ela^tic vet qnite complete in its wnrk- 
ings. Pelts came nearer bei'.iL;- '"muncy" tlian anything else, a? it came to be 
the fashion to estimate the \;due nf aIniMit ar.y cmmoditv bv the present value 
of a C"(in skin. Even siaiie tax collectors and postmasters were known to 
take ]ieltries and exchange them for mi-ncy required b\- the goxernmcnt. The 
products of the farm not needed at home, were taken to Lawrenceburg. by 
■way of the State road or to ^^adison. b}" way of the ^lichigan road. Jan.uary 
24. 1S24. Flati-'ock river was declared a navigable stream, and the public high- 
way fnmi its mi mill to Little Flat Rock and Blue rivers was declared navi- 
gable tu the nr.rth line of Shelfiy crunly. January 2S. 1S2S. Sugar creek was 
declared navigable to .Manan"s Mill, in Moral township, in Shelby county, and 
\\'illiam Doble was made commissioner to keep it free fmrn obstructions. Elue 
river was the first of these avenues of coiv-merce used. The Goodrich Brothers, 
in the latter part of the twenties, l.iuilt a llat-boat. loading it with \ariou- kiu'Is 
of produce. launched on its placid waters, hca.ded for Xew Orleans. This l.)'>at 
was a large one. and to get o\er the dam on Driftwcjwd river, near Rockford. 
was of great caiccrn to boatmen of those days. On this occasion Xathau 
Goodrich accompanied his father as far a« the dam: there he left the boat andi 
returned on foot. A man named 1-ley lauticbed a I)oat the next seasnn. Wil- 
liam Farris and a man named A'anasdo] sent two boats from near Frecp^rt. 
John C. \\'a!ker built and =ent twn boats from Shelbyville. Aunihcr was sent 
from Wolfs Mill, and still another with its cargo of lumber from tlie nii .nth > a' 
the Brandywine. In all abr.ut ten boats were thus sent out of Shelby county 
and landed finally at the wharf in Xew Orleans. The facts herein contained 
are largely gleaned from liisfiric items gathered in the eighties, concerning 
this CMunt\' and may be relied uprn as true, being written as tlic\' were l)y men 
who had pa.ssed through the jiioneer years of the country, with their fath.ers 
having been numbered among the "first settlers." 


Owing to the vcrv nature of things, the American log cabin will ever 
ha\-e a place — a warm spot in tlie heart — in our natiraial aniia!>^. It was 


the?c rude. >ct <|n!le c.imfcrt.ible ahink--. which ?hclicre<l our lVireirithcr,s rmd 
their famihe? from the hhndini;- Jtornis o\ winter and the fmious heat of a 
lurid sutnmcr sun. In it the infant was born and in it the young maiden 
died. Bcncatli its rough pole and ".-hake"' roof, the voice of evening and 
morning prayers ascended. Here weddings were solemnized and here political 
parties were founded. In such dwelling places as these log cabins, were born 
the great and emineni ^tatcr-nicii. pocis arjil autlurs of by-gone years. Manv 
a President, including Lincoln, tlr^t saw tlie light of day within the dingy 
walls of such a building. There are a few log houses left within this state — 
fewer occupied, but saved with a tender, almost sacred care, as relics — a place 
where graml father and grandmother were married, or died, perhaps. 

Before the last man who has seen such a buiUling made, or lived within 
one, has gone from earth, it is the duty of the historian to make same befit- 
ting record of the manner in which these jjrimitive buildings were erected, that 
those who follow after us may be informed on so interesting a question as the 
architecture of a log cabin, within the old Hoosier state. 

After selecting a suitable location, near living water, a spring or running 
stream, if p':i?sil)le, trees of a uniform size were selected from the then ever- 
present immense f'lresis. Owing to the size of the pioneer family. InU li\gs 
usually ab'jut twelve to eighteen feet long were chosen and hauled to the 
building site, the underbrush having first been cleared away. On an appointed 
day the few neighliors wlm were available would assemble and jirncced tn 
have a '"'huuse raising." Each end of even- log was saddled and notched so 
that they would lie as close down as possible; the next day the proprietor 
would proceed to "chink and daub" the cabin which friends had made 
quick work at "raising."' The house and chimney had to be re-daubed each 
autumn time, to be made warm and snow- tight for winter use. The usual 
height of the house was from seven to eight feet. The gables were formed 
by shortening the logs gradually at each end of the building near the top. The 
roof was made by laying very straight small logs or stout poles suitable dis- 
tances apart, generally about two and a half feet from gable to gable, and on 
these poles were laid the clapboards, after the manner of shingling, showing 
about two and a half feet to the weather. These clapboards were fastened to 
the poles by "we'ght piles" corresponding in place with the joist just described 
and these again were held in place by "runs"' or "knees."" which were chunks 
of w-ood eighteen to twenty inches long fitted between then", near the eiids. 
Clapboards were made froni the m'cest lioards in the vicir.ity l.iy chopping or 
sawing them into four-f<'<it blocks and riving them with a "ivcw." 

The chimney, an imjiortant factor in the caliin. was made by lea\'i;ig 
the original building with an opening fnan five to eiglu feet in one wall. 
There the fire-place was made. Often large en. >ugh wa-^ the opening t" 
admit of fire-wood inm six to eight feet lung. The pioneer did n<<i begrudge 

330 CIIADWICK S I115TCIKV OF i=IlKl.r.V CO.. 1 ND. 

the \V(iM(l oiii^uuK'd wiiliin iiis luiiiili!o caliin. for what was imt tlnis coii- 
snnifil. he had tu haul into inniieii>c pilo and hum. in (M'tk-r to ck'ar up hi^ 
laud suitahk' for cultivation of crojis. In the intL'rior, over the hre-i>laee was 
a mantle, or wide shelf, ou which ih.e t.allow dip or candle- -tick was placed 
by the orderly hou-ewife. If Mrtunate enou-h f . posses> one. the old fanulv 
clock was also set up there and ticked away the hours oi the good i)ioneer\s 
life, while his hnsy wife prepared the nieal^ li\- the crackling- fire on the and- 
irons, which were kept hriL^hi and clean. The cookini.;- was accomplislied by 
means of a crane >u,-])ended from the side (if the hre-iilace. and from it Inniy' 
the various pots and kettles, used in tlm^e da_\ s. In one corner of the pioneer's 
cabin stood the bedstead for the "old folks."' while underneath it. throut;h 
the. day was the children's o -y trundle-bed. In nnothcr corner stood the old 
family spinuinf^ wheel, while on the wall, away from the fire-])lace. Iiuii.l;' the 
C'ld riile and accompruixiuL;' jiowder h(jru. Here .uid there wei'e to lie seen 
rude home-made stools or chairs, and. a good sized table. These simple 
caljins were inhab,ited b}- a k'ind and true-hearted people. They were strangers 
to modern fla}- mock modesty, and the traveler seeking lodgings for the night, 
or desirous of spending a few da}'S resting up from a long- journey in land 
hunting, was always welcome. .\ single room was made to answer for 
kitchen, dinnig room, sitting room, bed room and parlor. 

Some of these log houses were built two stories high and were made 
of Jiewed logs, and were really very substantial, and such as this stood for 
many }-ears. as monuments of pioneer ingenuitv and workmanship. 

In Indiana the log cabin was to her early settlers wdiat the stone build- 
ings were in Xew England and Penn-yhania to inoneers there, and .^er\ed 
as did the scl houses of Iowa. Xebras'ka and the Dakotas. as alxnles while 
the settlers were adiu>ting themselves to a better mode of living. To a true 
American it is no disgrace to ha\e it said in his biography that "he was born 
in a log cabin." for such were most oi the earlv generations in the Middle 
West born in .while they obtained their early schooling in log school-houses. 


In looking at th.e old newspapier files away back before the days of the 
"Civil war. and then contrasting their market (|uotation-. with prices since tlie 
close of that struggle, and even at the oi)ening years of the twer.tieth cen 
turv, one ol.iserves great differences, esijccially in the price current of certain 
articles used now as well as then, by the masses. For examjile, in 1855 the 
price of eggs in Shclbyville was 7 cents per dozen: feathers, t,^ cents a pound: 
hogs (live weight). Si. 90 ])er hundred-weight: cffec. per pound, best. 18 
cents: print (calico). 25 cents: d(imestic sheeting, jo cent-- a \ar(l: nails. 15 
cents per poun'i; iron. 10 cents; whiskv, per gallon, 3; cents; salt. i)er barrel. 
S3. 50. * 



With 5-cciU calico, shcctino S ccnt^. >ali Si.;,o. ei;j;s 2J corns. Initter aU.ul 
the same as e-i^s. with hog^ (hvc wci.i^ht) ai S6.00 per hundred-weight, one 
is set to thinking what lia- liroughi these singular chatiges in market prices 
of these staple articles. The general reply may he it is the result ni an in- 
creased ]X>pulation in the United State.-: also the iniroiUiction ,,i' Lioni- and 
Other machinery; the result o\ the Ci\il war. in a measure, which has tended 
to equalize wages I'or the jiroducing cla<>e-. In the matter of tw,, items, salt 
and whisky, it should lie .-tate.l that the salt well> and mine,- have Ix-en dis- 
covered and manufactured hy cheap proce>-es in manv parts of this countrv 
since the quotations of 1855. referred to ahove. As to \\hisk\, the demanil 
is greater, owing to force of increasing hahit, as well as an increased popula- 
tion, living far distant from distilleries. Then the matter of from one to two 
dollars on each gallon of spirits, imposed hy the general Government, since 
1862-63. has greatly added to its actual cost. 

A day's work in 1909 at the average occui^ation in this cuuntrv will atYord 
more of the staple, even the luxuries of life, than ever before in the hisiorv 
of the country. Generally speaking, prices of what we live on are more than 
in early days, hut the wages and means of earning a dollar, more than com- 
pensates for this rise. Another tin'ng should not be lost sight of — the matter 
of transportation — this has radically changed the prices of many articles. 




Whenever and wherever an individual lins arisen and acted hi^ part on 
whatever plane, high or Ir.v. . his career entered into llie composition of the one 
stihlime drama of humanity: the prijecied and inidying intluences of lii.s deeds 
and their fate are with his fellows : now and ever and for all time to come, they 
are destined to modify the march of progress and the currents of history. 
Hence the biog-rapher is as much impelled to seek and trace the origin of 
remi.:te e\'ents alYccting the conditinns and career of the one whose storv he 
essays to tell as he is to weigh with as accurate a m'cety a- possible, 
tlie various causes which influence his sultsequent life and hx their destinv. 
In placing before the reader a brief, but as we trust efhcicnl and correct review 
of a career which as much perhaps as any other has influenced the history of 
Shelby county and added stability to its institutior.s, recourse must be had to 
genenlog}-. for to know such a man well, it is necessary to have some knowledge 
of those from whoni he sprang and to whom he is indebteil for the attributes 
and characteristics which have made him an influential factor of the body 
politic and a leader among his fellows. In tracing the history of Sylvan Bald- 
win ?\Iorris it is learricd that the family which he has the honor to represent 
had its origin in Wales i>n the paternal, Scotch on the maternal side, and that 
among his remote ancestors on the distaff side was tlie distingin'siied scholar 
and divine. John Knox, than whom the world has produced no greater 
nor more fearless reformer. 1'his celebrated man was not only the originator 
of Protestantism in Scotland, but by the master sir. :kcs ...f his genius succtede<l 
in keeping the cause alive and placing it upon such a firm basis that those who 
came after him could carry the work along lines wdiich he had planned and 
]»-ojected. In an earl}- day certain members of the Knox family emigrated to 
Ireland, among the luimber being a lineal descendant of the above divine, 
who established, a humc in the b.merald Lie and became the fiither ijf several 
children, from one i..f wli'^m was de-cended Katherine Knox, mother of the 
subject of this sketch. 

Katherine Knox, whose birth occurred in Ireland, was the fourth of a 
family of nine children, three si-ns and six diughters; when, she was quite 
young her parents came to America and settled n.ear LeI)anon. Warren couTity, 
Ohio, where the father engaged in agricultural pursuits and in due time be- 
came one of the prospen-us lucn "if his community as well as a public-spirited 

334 chadwick's iiistouv of SHKi.r.v co.. ind. 

and influential citizen. Miss Knnx ;ire\v to mature vears under excellent 
home discipline and early j^-ave evider.ce of a >ln.nL,'- mind, well balanced char- 
acter, ami tlie amiable \iriues wliicli sub<ei|uently shone with peculiar luster 
and made her life an imUience frr -.".d nn all with wIimui she was broug-ht 
in contact. In mini^lini;- with the yum-- pe 'jile r.\ her neii^hb.irh. K,d she final- 
ly became acquainted w ith an excellent ymin.i^- ,i;cnt!cman by the ntnne of Syivan 
B. Morris, between wlmni and herself a miUual admiration sonn arose, which, 
ripening imo the tender jiassion. Anally resulted in marriage, the cerenionv 
taking place at the family homestead not far from the town of Leban mi. 

In glancing at the snbject's paternal antecedents it is oulv necessary to 
state that his de>cent from the famuns Dodd family of Pennsylvania settles 
at once the matter of bis respectability and high social standing, his father, 
the Sylvan I!. .Morris referred to. having been a son of David and Sarah 
(Dodd) M-.rris. t!;e latter a daughter of Thaddeus Dodd. one of the founders 
of the famil}- and among its most honored members and noted Presbyterian 

Da\-id Morris was a natixx of Wales; he came to America in 1700 with 
two brothers, and located in Pennsylvania, wdiere there hnallv arose th.ree 
branches of the r^Iorris family, one of which went to Virginia, another to 
Xortli Carolina, the third remaining in Peimsylvania. where the original settle- 
ment was made. They were a pro.sperous and prolitic i)eoi)le and furnished 
the Country not a few men who became distinguished in the public eve. among 
the number being Robert Morris, one of the signers of the Declaration of In- 
dependence, and the leading financier of the governinent during the Revolu- 
tionary period. It is a fact worthy of note that all or nearly all of the early 
members of this family entered jirofe-sional life and achieved distinctiou in 
their rcspecli\e callings: some becoming ministers, others lawyers and jilivsi- 
cians. among the latter being the subject's father and grandfather, both of 
Avhom were graduated from the old Franklin Medical School of Philadelphia, 
and rose to positions of prominence in their profession. Isaac Morris, the 
subject's great-grandfather, was a learned minister of the Presbyterian clnn-cb. 
and his brother. Thomas Mcn-ris, represented Pcnnsybania in the L'niied 
States .Senate in an early day. and was one of the tirst Democrats in official 
life to abandon his party and raise his voice against the institution of slavery. 
Another brother. Bethuel F. Morris, came to Indiana in early times, first to 
Brookxille. then to Indianapolis, and t(H'k a pronn'nent part in the settlement 
and development of these places. He served as Circuit Judge while living in 
Indianapolis, and attained eminence in legal circles. After ser\ing as Judge 
he became cashier of the old State Bank at Indiana])olis. in wliich city he died. 

S< on after finishing his medical education S\l\-an B. Morris, father of 
the subject, was induced by a friend l)y the name of Nicholas \'an Pelt, to 
come to .Shelby county. Indiana, where in iSji the latter had bought a large 

C'lIAIiW ICK S HIMOKV ( iF Sl'.KMlV CO.. IM). ji.Sr 

h.Kly of land wliicli he wa- (k-il^'^•,^ of havin- iniprnvcl. Ace -nlin-Iv in l!ie 
siirino- ..f iS_>i the \..i!ni; phx-iciaii left his h..nic in Dili... aiul in due time 
arrivc<l at his aolinati. .-i . .n I'lat K.K-k creek. an<l hecanie an inuKite of his 
frienil's cahin. Alth..u.i;h few fanulus :^^ yet lia.l nia.le their appearance, the 
country heiii-" wild and inie-tc! with Indians ami fer.ici..ns animals. ]).»ct..r 
Morris he-an practiciuL;- Ins profe-H.'n. After spendini;- the sprint,' and winter 
with .Mr. \'an Telt. he chau;;e.l hi^ ahode t.. Shelhyville. wliich. ihnnig-h tiie 
joint interce^si..ns of himself. Walker and ^iaj..r Hendricks, father of 
the late Gov. Thomas .\. Hendricks, was .-ulHequently -elected as seat of ju.- 
tice inr the newly or,t;-ani;'cd hut sparsely settled c .luUy. 

The c.vete.l' li..iior ..f the cunty seat was not ol)tained wilh.^ul a very 
animated rivalry heiueui the frien.^ of Shell.yvilk- and Marion, f.f which an 
account will he f. .mul in the historical chaiuers of this volume. The doctor 
was an acti\e j.articipant in the contest and rendere.l vahiaMe service tor the 
former ])lace. Purchase- tw.. (|uarter secti..n^ ..f b.nd -..uth of the vilhiijc. 
hut now included in the cit_\ limits, he huilt a cahin. which was u^e.l for the 
twofold j.urp. ise of dwellin^■ ami office, and in addition t.. the duties of his 
profession he manifested such an interest in imlihc aiiairs and lali- .red witli 
sucli zeal to promote the advancement of th.e tnvn .and county that he was 
afterward (1826) elected Clerk of the Shelhy County Circuit Curt, heing 
the scciid man to fill the ..ftice owin- to the death of Hiram Aldre.l-e. the i'w^i 
Clerk, when he (D.;.ct..r Morris) was appointed. He to ,k the census .if the 
countv in i.'^jS. He served twice as a memher of the Legislature. 

Dr. Svlvan B. :\I..rris was twice married. By hi.s first wife, wh.i died in 
1835. he liad three children: Sylvan B., of review: John Kik.x M.irris. 
and'a daugh.tcr liy the name of Martha., all Viut the suhject decea-cd. By a 
subsequent' marriage with Mrs. Anna J. Adams. wid..w of Dr. David .\dams. 
the d.-ctor liecame the fatlier .f three children, all li..rn and reared in Shelhy- 

D<jctor :\[orris was a man of wide intelligence, a skillful physician and 
surg-eon. and for a nuniher of vears to. .k an infiuential part in city and county 
aftairs and liecame a leader ainong fcllmv citizens. He assisted in organ- 
izing Shclhv countv and locating the county seat, helped lay out Shelhyville. 
and by liis activitv in promoting tlie material progress of the town, rose to a 
position of prominence such as few if any of his contemporaries attained. The 
death of this excellent m;m and praisewirthy citizen occurred in 1S43. and the 
memory of his life of service perpetuated in the atTecii.>ns of a grateful 
people constitutes hi; ut ^t enduring monument. 

Sylvan I!. :\h)rri.>. a brief review of whose career is emli...iied in tlie f. .1- 
lowing- lines, wa- born in a buckeye log cabin which st .o.l u'lrtli of the fir>t 
allev we>t .>f Harrison street, near l-T-anklin street, in Shelhyville. on .\pril 7. 
1830. fr. nil which date to the present time he has been interested in the t'.wii 



aihl is now 

its I 

.Idest native 1. 

dents. Re; 

I red 

in a backwci:: 

>rn ciii/en. ami ani.Mii;- it> ni.^t piMUinienl re.-i- 
ds vil!a,L;e. where social condiiiMus were ratlK-r 
crude. Ims uirly experience was eon-idfral>l_v varied, liis cliildlio.Ml and ynuih 
spent in t( ueh witli strong: and virile nien o\ the times, inipanin.u a vaiual)Ie 
practical knowledge, well calculated to prepare liini for the life he was subse- 
quently to le?.d. The first school he attended was tan!.;ht in a l.rick Iniildin.q-, 
the first brick schi^obhouse in Shelby county: the teacher was Mrs. Kent, wife 
of Rev. Eliphalet Kent, having- Ijcen sent to part of the s;ate a- a Pres- 
byterian niissiMuary in iSjS. Reverend and Mrs. Kent spent the fall and 
winter of that year in a single apartment made by biarding up the fmnt porch 
of the ^birris cabin, which th:;ugh limited as to room and rude in its appoiut- 
meiUs, aftV>rded a fairly comfortable jilace in which to eat. sleep and cook, 
until a larger r.nd mnre convenient dwelling of their own could be provided, 
"^'oung Mi.rris persevered in his studies in the village schools, and after finish- 
mg the common branches took a three years' course in the academv at 
Lebanon. Ohio, wliere he went after the death of his father in 1S43. On quit- 
ting school he was apprenticed to I^ .bert Kr.o.x. a relative, who kept a large 
general store, and wns fi\e years in tliat gentleman's establishment, during 
which time he acquired a th.orough knowledge of the business and became 
quite efficient as a salesman. When the Mexican war broke out he presented 
bmisclf for enlistment. Init was refused on account of his age. although his 
robust constitution, ruddy comple.xion and general healthful appearance de- 
ceu cil the enlisting officers wh.^ were at fust iixlined to accept the young man 
and enroll him as a recruit. 

After serving his apprenticeshij) and ren:aining two additional vears with 
his relatives. Mr. Morri,- in I-ebruary, 1855, engaged in the mercantile trade 
up<on his own resp-.nsibility. and from that time until 1S75 conducted a large 
establishment at Lcbanc.n in connection with whicli he also ran a branch store 
at Franklin., seventeen miles south of Dayton, during the Civil Nvar. Ixah enter- 
prises proving signally successful and earning for him a wide reputation as a 
sagacious, far-seeing and eminently honorable business man. While living in 
Lebanon, during the strife between the Xortli and South, Mr. :Morris organ- 
ized Coinpany A. Twenty-seventh Ohio Regiment, National Guard, of which 
he was made captain and continued as such until discharged iVom the United 
States service after about four months" active service in We^t ^'irginia. In 
the early part of the war he was placed on the sanitary commission, and later 
enrolled in the One Hundred Xiiiety-fourth Ohio Lifantry for one vcar, at the 
expiration of which time he retired fi-om the senice with the rank of lieutenant, 
his regiment being mustered out at Washington. D. C. in the fall of 186;. 
During his residence at Lebanon ?^Ir. ^^b^rris t ^ok an active part in public 
affairs, filled various municipal offices aiid was untiring in hi> efforts to pro- 
mote the intere-:s of the city. At the cl( se of the war he consMlidaled the stores 


at Franklin and Lelvinon and continued al the latter place until transferring- 
his interests to Shelhy\ille in September of the year 1S73. In this rapidly 
growing- cit}- he f'un-id a liroader and nic-^re favorrdile field and during the two 
years ensuing, his husine--- advanced .-o rapidly as to ren.ler nece->ary addi- 
tion;d quarters; ace 'r<!ingiy in 1N77. a riew site was purchased and a building- 
more in keeping with the demands of the tin-ies, .erected. By reason of the 
coniinuiiu> growth of the business, five successive additions ha\-e been made 
to the building since the abo\-e year and toda}- the store is not nnly the largest 
of its kind in Shelbyvillc. Init one of the largest and n-iost successful mercantile 
establishn-ients in the central part of the state. 

Mr. Morris has ever pursued a straigluforwarcl course and by adhering 
to strict business principles and treatirig his customers with fairness and cour- 
tesy has gained the reward which invariably comes fron-i h. morable dealing. 
He was the first nierchant of Shell)yville to establish a strictly one-price system 
and to hin-i also belongs the credit of being tlie first person to employ fei-nale 
clerks in liis establislnnent. both being considered innovations of doubtful ex- 
pediency. Init time has fully demonstrated his wisck.m and foresight in these 
as it has in many other instances where he has taken advance grounds. Sii-ice 
coming back to Shelbyville. ]Mr. }ilorris has filled many positions o: lionor 
and trust, in all of which he has displayed ability of a high order and m;;de 
every consideration subordinate to the interests rif the public. He has 
frequently lieen elected to the Cit}- Council, sen-ed as ^Ia_\-or, and was oi-ie 'if 
the organizers of the Forest Hill Cemetery Association, besides being many 
years treasurer of the Dayton Building and Loan Association of Shelbyville. 
In 1S54 he was initiated into the Order of Free and Accepted >,Iasons. and for 
a period of fift}--fom- years has been a faithful and dmsi-tent member of the 
brotherhood. During that tin-ie he ha.- risen to a liigh degree in the various 
branches of the order and still takes an active interest in the work of the same, 
and demonstrates its sulilime principles and precepts in his daily life. 

He is also identified with the Grand Army of the Re])ublic. In politics he 
is a zealous supporter of the Republican ])ariy. and tlie Pre^byterian churcli 
holds his religious creed. 

Mr. Morris was married at Harrison, Ohio, to ISIyrtilla John, daughter 
of Doctor Jehu and Emily (Lxiker) John, (;f Cincinnati, the wife being a 
cousin of Dr. John P. D. John, ex-president of DePauw University, and one 
of the distingau'shed scholars of tlie West. Four children have been b. irn to 
Mr. and Mrs. Morris. Herbert. Harold K., R-.bert and Florence, wh.o i> now 
the wife of Dr. H. M. Toner, of Phcenix, Arizona. 'J'he sons are al! in Shelby- 
ville. and identified with the mercantile business which the father established, 
and which in 1895 was incorporated for thirty-five thousand dollars, benig 
by far the largest iliy goods house in Shelby i:ounty. and as indicated in a 
preceding paragraph, among the nnst successful in the state. 


33'^ CHAIiWUK's HIJTOKV OF Sl!liLl;V CO., I\D. 

That Mr. Morris lias lived to noble purposes ami nieasured up a high stan- 
dard of manhoud and citizenship will be conceded by all who know him. and 
that his influence has ever been on th.e side of rii^hi rmd for the best intercst.s 
of the community, will nut admit of denial. In brief, his life is a striking illus- 
tration of the possil)ilities that lie before the young men 'jf our free country. 
His industry, cnei'gy and high moral integrity ha\e been prominent throughout 
his entire career and he occupies today a conspicuous place among the men of 
mind an.d heart tu whom the city of Shelby villc is indebted for the prosperity 
which it eniovs. 


In the summer nf 1898 a new bcvik was i>>ncd f n mi the press of the 
Bo\\en-!Merrill Comjiany. at Indi.uiaiiolis, \vhicli gained alniust instantaneous 
notice from the press and public. It pro\ed to be a historical novel under the 
title of "When Knighthood Was in hdower." It purported to have been writ- 
ten by Edwin Caskoden, but sc^on runi'n- j^revailcd. that this was a pseudonym, 
and search began for the real author. He \\a- ^non namd in. the person of a 
young law^'cr at Shelbyville, as yet mikn(T\vn u< f.unc. and the gossip growing 
out of the discovery intensified the desire to see the bo(::k. It was soon uni- 
versally in demand and its popularity ir.creased with each reading, and it was 
soon heralded as one of "the six best sellers." It deseiwed all of its reputation, 
too. as it was by far die most entertaining romantic novel ever published in 
Indiana, ami i;ne of the best of its class that had appeared in the United 
States since the Civil war. The plot dealt with one of the most romantic 
episodes of English history, and the story was tuld with a skill that denoted a 
master of literary craft. Its characteristics were, consistent developnient of 
the characters, cleverness of dialogue, rush and sweep of incident, dramatic 
handling of the situations, and above all. the forcible distinctness and effective 
simplicity of th.e narrative. It brought to its author instantaneous fame and 
fortune, gave him recognition as one of tlie successful novelists of th.e dav and 
estaljlished his name permanently among the literary lights, whose productions 
have shed such luster tipon Indiana letters. As the most distinguished citizen 
of Shelby county, there is natural curiosity to hear what manner of man he is. 
and no apology is offered for giving his biography at some length. 

The family is of English origin and the name has for more than a genera- 
tion been familiar in Central Indiana. Stephan ^lajor was born in the county 
of Longford. Ireland, near Edgeworthtown. and his early educaiton was super- 
vised by Miss Maria Edgewnrth. the novelist, and her brother. Doctor Edge- 
wortli. Later he wen.t l" the Isle of Wight, entered one of the o>ld English 
colleges and j^reparcd hir.i-tlf iov the law. When a young man he came tj 


America, .sti 

iilici'i law iVir a time umler Tu'Jue 

ami aftcrwa 

nl l.caicd ai Shclliyville. 1m- ilie 

nicivt'd t(i li: 

idianapMlis and met witli Mich suci 

clcctiun a- C" 

iicuii Judi;e, a p^'-ilinn which he h 

x\- CO., iM'. 33<; 

\\;;/er, of ("tihimlnis, Indiana, 
ractice. Shortly after he rc- 
-> at the bar as to lead to his 
d I'lir a number of years. His 
circuit covered ,-ix counties, includin.ij Marion and lndiana])olis. and he liecame 
noted lor hi- leyal acumen, h's poise and lli■^ bri,L;ht-minded methods of ad- 
ministering justice. He was especially p iptilar with younL;er members of the 
bar, who sou,L;ht him fjr advice, and a.nioiiL;- his -tudents wa< the late Thomas 
A. Hendricks. He returned to Shelbyville in 1870. and resumed practice, but 
on July 4. 1SS3. his valuable life came to an end and his remains were interred 
in C"rt)wn Hill cemetery at Indianajiolis. He married PlKcbe A., daughter 
of Dr. George (ia^k■ell. the latter a jiioneer physician of Shelbyville. and a 
jM'omir.ent man of his lime. He married Jane Allen, related to Ethan Allen, 
of Re\'olulionar_\- fame, and the families on b.ith sides were of Virginia stock. 
Judge and Mrs. Major had three suns. Stephan F.. Charles and Edward Aimcs. 
Charles ]\Iajor. the second son, was born at Indianapolis. July 25. 185O, 
in a house that stood where the city library now -tands. He was in his four- 
teenth }'ear when the frmiil_\- rem. ixeil to Shelb_\\il!e. He entered the city 
schools and graduated in iSj2. His hohbie.- in school were English literature 
and history. In 1877 he was admitted to the Shelby County Bar, and paid 
rather close atteiuion to his practice for some time, but of late years his entire 
attention has been gi\"en to literary \vork. His first success was speedily fol- 
lowed by others, and numerous fine stories have proceeded from his versatile 
pen since "When Kniglithcod \\"as in Flower" llashed upon an unexpecting 
public, to fascinate and enthrall millions of readers in all parts of the world. 
His second book "The Bears of Blue River."' is regarded as a capital 
storv for boys and assisted b}' its ])rofuje illustrations, became popular. 
"Dorothv \'ernon of Iladdon Flail." a strong rival of his first book, has been 
characterized as a romance brilliant and refined, filled with the passion as old 
as humanity and appealing with especial fascination to lovers of the "old time 
entombed."" "A Forest Hearth"' is more in line with modern times, though it 
is not lacking in the ilavor of genuine romance and has proven quite piipular. 
His "Yolanda" is a story of Burgundy in the sixteenth century. "Uncle Tom, 
Onlv Bill."" a book for l.)oys. old and young, was published in lyoS, "A Gentle 
Knight of old Brandenburg.'" a story of the time of I'rederick the Great's 
boyhood, is his latest book. [Mr. [Major de\-eloped the literary taste very early, 
and as far back as his eleventh year we find him indulging" in a burlesciue of 
"The Merchant of A'enice.'" He gives an interesting account of the genesis 
of his first two books. In Guizot"s "A History of Fra.nce."' he found a refer- 
ence to [Marv Tudor's marriage to Louis XI. of I'rance. and the bare statement 
that she wa- at that tiiiie in kve with. Cliarles Bran.don. a h.and-ome fa\..rite 
of her lirother. Henrv \TII. In a i ^48 c.liti.m of "HalTs Curious Chronicle."' 

o40 ciiAnwicK's TiisroKY OF SHKLnv CO., ixn. 

lie found tliat after Louis XI. "s dcatli ^hL■ wroie to Brandon from Pari.-^. in- 
timating- that if lie wislieil to marry her ii wnuld lie holler for him to cnnie to 
Paris williout oijtaiiiin.q; licr hrother's c m.-tnt than il would to wait until her 
brother proln'hitetl tlic mnrriaye. 'i'lie i-omaiuic siiuati-m inlero-ted Mr. 
and he he-an to won.ler ali. .ut tlie w ho>e Mini total went lo make np 
the ciiief event.s. Misiory was silent. l)ui the novelist's ima.<^inaiion was equal 
to the occasion and produced the .st,rm.^ and epi-ode- which lend sucli romantic 
charm to "When Knij;ht!iood Was in Mo-,\cr."' The romantic marriat^e of 
L')orotliy \'ern.>n an<l h-hn .Manners, the ^on of her ir.iher's enemv. \\a> known 
in outlines, hut the filling-in incidents, which constitute the chief charm of 
stories, were entirely ah'icnt. It was iiece>sary t^ reconstruct ihcni, and it was 
by doing- this with such skill that Mr. Major placed the reading;- world un.Icr 
renewed obligations to his 'genius. •■Knighthood" n-iet with, honors seldon-| 
bestowed in tlie n-iost succe.-<ful novel. It was dran-i:itized f. r Juh.i .Marlowe, 
and unilcr tlie managemenl of that brilliant actre-s pr ived one of the most 
poj-iular plays of the day. It was also Ci>n\erled into a onnic ..pcra set l.i iiui^ic, 
and in tliat form made a third fortune fi r the fortunate possessor of the 

Septcml)er 27; 1SS3. Mr. Major married Miss .Mice Shaw, a woman of 
striking- ]ierM;naIity and pvon. .unccti literary tastes. Mr. .Maj>ir lives in a 
charming- hi_>me surro-nnded kiy a library of choice books, many of theni rare 
and costly, which he has secured through collectors from tin-ie to time fir 
years. Me cares nothing for politics, but in 1S85 w-as elected City Clerk, and 
in the following year was sent to represe-nt the county of Shelby in the lower 
House of the Legislature. He served through the session ot 1880-1887, but 
one term was enough. 

In per'-onal appearance Mr. IMajor is a ma.n i>f striking phy-ique with 
dark gray hair, blue eyes, an unusually lM-il!iant coiu-ersationalisi. with the 
affability and genial addre.-.> that bespeak the genilcman. 


Eminent a~ a law_\er and jurist, and holding worihy prestige as a citizen. 
Hon. Kendall Mriss Hord stands out cleir and rlistinct in the history of Shelby 
county and few n-ien of his calling .in the stale can boast of as long- and dis- 
tinguished a career of jsrofessional service. Achieving success in the courts 
at a period when most young men are entering upon the formative period of 
their lives, wearing the judicial ermine with becoming dignity and bringing 
to ever}- case subi-nitted 10 him clearness of ].)ei-ception and re'id\- power of 
analysis ch.aracieristic of the master of jurisprudence, his name ami deeds for 

ciiAnwicK s iiisrokv m- sukm-.v cu., ixh. 3_| i 

nearly a Iialf ccnturv have l;een cl".~ei_\- ailicl with the le-al instituiinns. i.ublic 
mo\-enie!its aiul pnhtieal ir.terest< ui the sta.te. in such a way a> to gain for 
liini h(iiinra1)le recnt^iiition anioni;- ilie iit^table men of his day and gcnefation. 

Judge Hord is a lineal descendant t.f Thomas H:)fd. who was bom in 
England in 1701. ami wIki came to America when a young man, settling in 
Essex Ci'unty. \"irginia. where, acci-rding to the records of said oiunt}-. he 
purchased in Xuveniber. 17.^6, a large tract of land. Little is known of this 
ancestor l)eyond the fact .)f his having become a man of inllucnice in the above 
county, and taken an active interest in tlie settlement of the country and the 
development of its ^e^ources. He died in Virginia in 1766. and left several 
children who suli>eijueinly migrated to ..ther parts, their descendants in due 
time locating in \arit_>us central and we-tein states. 

Hon. Francis T. Hiird. the subject's father, was born in the old Dominion 
state, but left there many years ago. moving with his family to Mason county, 
Kentucky, where he received his education and grew to maturity. In early 
life he studied law and after his atlmission to the l_)ar rose rapidl_\- in his pro- 
fession and within a comparatively brief period became one of the leaders of 
his profession in Mason "county. When the county seat was niL^vcd from 
Washington to Marysville. he changed his residence to the latter place where 
he contiiuied to practice his profession during the remainder of a long and 
eventful life, achieving disiingui>hed Miccess the meanwhile and attaini.ig an 
inlluential p siticni among the lawyers of the state, long noted for the high 
order of its legal talent. In adiliiion to the general practice he .--ci-vedi with 
signal ability on the bench of the circuit, and was also an influential factor in 
state politics for many year.-, and at one time represented his senatorial dis- 
trict in tlie Legislature. 

Elizabeth Moss, who became th.e wife of Francis T. Hord. was also a 
native of \'irginia. and a woman of strong character and many sterling at- 
tributes. The children of this estimable couple, seven s( ns and two daughters. 
were as follows: Oscar E.. a prominent member of the Lidiana V,:\v. and for 
a nitmber of _\-cars associated with ?L.n. Thomas A. Plendrieks : William T., 
a sttrgein in the I'nitcd States Xavy : tieorge ^L, a commis;i<;n merchant, of 
Chicago; Francis T.. a lawyer of Columbus. Indiana, and long the leader of 
the bar of that city ; Elia> R.. a resident of Chicago, where he carries on a large 
commission l.iusiness: Kenrlal! yi.. of this review; Harry C a physician and 
surgeon, who died in early nianhoi il: Mary C,. married John R. Clark, and 
lives in Maysville. Kentucky. Ix-ing at this time in her eighty-third year: J<i- 
sephine, also a resident of Ma}-s\ ille. is the wife of James B. Xoyes. 

Judge Hord was born in May^vilIe. Kentucky, October 20. 1S40. and 
spent his early life in his native town. Alter a preliminary mental training 
in the elementary schools, he entered Maysxil'e Seminary, fmni which he 
was graduated in due time, this being the same institution of learing in which 


President I'. S. Grant finished hi- cdiicalion. For some time fd'lowint;- liis 
gradnation Mr. Hord tau^ln <ch'>.il and while thus eni^a^ed lead law under 
tlie direction of his father, niakii-i.;- suhstrnitial jn. i,i.;re-s in his studies and 
layin.q- liroad and deep the f' undation tVn' hi- future u.sefuhK>s. In the 
spring- of iSoj after a satisfactory examination hefore two Judges, lie w.ts 
admitted to the bar and at once began the practice of his profession at ]-demings- 
burg. Kentuek)". but the Civil war being in progress, and not caring tn take 
part in the coulTict, he finally decided tri look ci-ewhere for a more faNoralile 
opening. Accordingly he disjmsed of his business at Ideming-burg and cnmlng 
to Indianapolis entered the office of Hendricks iS; lb rd, with the object in 
view of familiarizing- himself with Indiana practice. After one year in the 
capital city he located at Shelbyville. wdiere his ability soon \\<>n recugnitinu 
among the rising young attorne}S of the local bar. 

Idle year following bis removal to this city. Judge bbird was elected 
Prosecuting Attorney of t!ie Comnmu Pleas Court, and after sei-^dng two 
years in that capacity was further hnnored by being elected Prosecuting At- 
torney of th.e Sixteenth Judicial Circuit, which position he held for the same 
length of time. In 1872 be was again elected t < the sime ])i!>ilioii and after 
discharging the duties of the same with credit to himself and to the sati-fac- 
tion of the public for a period oi four years, was called to the higher and more 
responsible position of Judge of the Sixteenth Judicial Circuit, comprising the 
counties of Shelby and Johnson. Judge Hord brraight to the bench a mind 
well disciplined by intellectual and professional training, his previous experi- 
ence in all phases of the law, peculiarly fitting him for the exacting duties of 
the position. Such were the wisdom and clearness of his decisions that but 
few of them were set aside by the Supreme Court. After occupying the bench 
two terms, twelve years. Judge Hord resumed the active practice of law as 
senior member of the firm oi Hord & Adams, and lias so cintinued e\er since, 
being in point of continuous service the oldest member of the Shelbyville 
bar, and one of the most eminent men of his profession in the central part of 
the state. Plis first partner was John L. Montg(.)mery, after whose death in 
1870, he practiced with Alonzo Blair for six years, and in 18S8 became as- 
sociated with E. K. Adams, his present partner. 

As a lawyer Judge Hord exhibits a keenness of perceptii>n, a firmness of 
grasp upon legal propositions and a power analysis jxissessed by few. From 
the time of engaging in the practice at Shelbyville in Xovemlier. 1862. he has 
maintained his office at the northeast corner of the public square and for nearly 
a half century has prosecuted his profession with energy and success, 

Judge Hord was married August 20, 1867, to Emily McFarland, who 

Ma}-, 1847. licing a daughter of 
lany years a business man of 
son, Luther J., brirn May o. 

was b. 

■■rn in SpringfieM. Ohio, on the 26th of >. 

John ] 

I'j. and Eetsy McFarl.and, the father fur 1 


ville. Judge and ]\Irs. Hord ba^■e one 


CHAl'WUKS jnSTt.iKV OV SIlKl.r.V (.■()., IM). 343 

iS^i'u). Ik- was ci'.ucatcd in tlic Tmliaiiii Tiiiv ersiiy. and rit Purdue. .L'.rndiiat:n^' 
In in the (lci)artnieni> oi pharmacy and cht-nnviry. and for sonic years ccn- 
duclcd a \cry ^uoce^sfu] druy business in Oklalmma. Disposiny of liis interests 
in the \\'e-t he returned to his native city, wliere he is now manager of the 
ll(.r<l Sani; 'rinin, his fatlier heinc: a i>ar;ner in the enterprise. 

Ju'I,L;e Il'ird is a represeiitaiivo Democrat of tlic Jcffersonian schijol, and 
cnji y> the distinction ni lia\ing- never been defeated fnr any office io which he 
aspired. Mis oratorical al)ihties are in great demand during tiie ])ri,)grcss of 
cani])aigns. and lie is popular as a speaker at ban([uet5, decoration days and 
other ])ublic functions. He is a member of the l-"rce and .\cce]ited .\ras(Mis. 
Kiii-hts of I'ythias ar,d the IndcpeiKleiit Order ..f Odd l'ell.;ws. t.> uhicli he 
lias bilinged for many years : al-o the Improved ( h'der of Red Men. in which 
be has served as great sachem of the state, besides representing- the order in 
tlie Cireat Council of the United States. The Judge has been successful finan- 
cially as well as professionally and during his long aiul active practice has 
jjlaced himself in imlepcndent eireumsiances : his residence at Xo. 85 West 
W'asiiington street is one of the truest and most attractive in the citv. 


The etficient and beloved pastor of St. Joseph Catholic church of Shelbv- 
ville, Indiana, is a native of Switzerland, born Xovember lO- i8_io. in Einsil- 
delii. Canton of Schwyz, where his antecedents had resided for many years, 
and where both his father and grandfather held high positions in the public 
service. Jeremiah Kaelin, his father, was for a number of vears a counsellor 
to the Government, and Jeremiah Ivaelin. the latter"s brother, served frir a 
period of thirty years in the Legislature of the above canton; their wa.- 
also a Government counsellor, and a man of high standing and wide influence 
in olTicial circles. The birthplace of Eather Kaelin, one of the interesting 
places in Switzerland, was widely known as long ago as the vear 700 A. D. 
as the seat of a sacred shrine to which as many as one hundred thousand pil- 
grims resorted every year for public wiu^hip. and it is stated that the luuijeror 
Charlemagne not infrequently went there to render homage to the divine being. 

Eather Kaelin's preliminary education consisted of a course of instruction 
in the schools of his native city which he attended until fourteen years of age. 
at wliich time he accimprmied certain relatives to America, landing in Xew 
^ ork in 1S64. thence pr.)ceeded to Cincinnati, where he continued his studies 
during the three years ensuing. At the age of seventeen he engaged in the 
publishing business to which he devoted his attenti.on until his twentieth year, 
when he abandoned secular pursuits to prepare for the work of the ;)riesihood, 

rads Alihe\ 

• Si 

icncLT cmiuy. 


la. where 



.. his the .1. 


:il siiKhfs unii 

1 cnlai 

iK'il prier-t 



his iiuhk-iic 

111 i 

nto liis sacred 


he \v;is iiKi 



344 cii. 

eiUeriiig in !S7C'i Si. 
plied himself assidiu 
year iSSj. SlmrtK- 
sisiant pa-;..]- of Si. JmIuTs church at X' Indiana, where he reniaineil 
four year> to the day. thence in iSS6 was transfcrcd m the clunThes at Shelhy- 
ville and .\ctun. which he served with great accei)!aiice for a pcriM.I ,,f ei-iit 
year.s. or until the church at the fdnner place liecanie an independent pari^h. 
I'p til i886 St. Joseph's church at Shelbyvillc had been attached to St. \'in- 
cent's at Tresci tt. Indiana, as a mission, but the rapid i;-rowtli of the p ijiula- 
tion led to its heino- created a parish with Acton as a mission ]>oint. 

The history of Catholicity in Shellj\vilie dates frcmi about llie year 1825. 
at which time there wore a few Cathnlic families living in the town and 
throughout the county, wlujse spiritual wants were looked after bv priests from 
St. \'inccnt"s church, the lirst services being held in private residences and 
later in public halls. The families ccnstituting- the congregation of St. Joseph 
at the time of the Ijuilding of th.c first hou>e of worship in iSGj numbered 
about thirty-h\c. I'or three years pri^r to that date they met in a hall built 
for the purpose, but this proved too small to accommodate the increa.-ing con- 
gregation and led to the erection in the above year of an eilifice more in keep- 
ing with the growth and dignity of the church. A lot on East Broadway 
was purchased by Rev. J. P. Gillig in 1S65. and on August 6, 1S67. ground 
was broken for the f aindation of the contemplated building under the direc- 
tion of Rev. William Doyle, who superintended the work of construction to 
the point where the edifice was enclosed, the floor laid, windows put in place 
and the structure roofed, the first mass being celebrated in June, 186S. About 
that time ditnculiies hiegan to arise" from waiit of funds to meet the indebted- 
ness incurred, suit was brought against the congregation and judgment ren- 
dered adversely to it in the court, with the result that the buiMing was disposed 
of by Sheriff's sale February. 1870. 

i\Ican while Rev. T. J. Rudolph, who had been appointed pastor, set to 
work to raise fund- to redeem the edifice and add a number of neetled im- 
provements including a ceiling-gallery, steeple bell, raising of the sanctuary 
and supplying the necessary furniture, the debt being at the time two thou-sand 
seven hundred dollars. A lot was purchased and a school building erected and 
"things moved along .sm.iothly until 18S1. when Father Rud'ilph was succeeded 
by Rev. Joseph Torbeck. who purcha.sed the east half of the lot im which the 
school building stood, also a tract of land for a cemetery. In 18S6 leather 
Torbeck was transferred to another parish and Rev. A. Kaelin took charge 
of the work on July 7th of that year and immedi.atelv outlined a pulicv which 
soon resulted in the strengthening of the church, and the e.xteitding of its influ- 
ence until the pari^h became one of the most successfully administered in the 
di:'cese. In 1895 the cemetery was abandoned and more con\-enient and de- 


sirabic gn und.s ccn-iisliiig- df five .-uTes adj' 'iiiiiiL;- I'Mrust Itill ccniclory vcvc 
piircliaseil. 'I'lie grading was iImhc in due time ami Mihcr nece->aiy iniprove- 
niciits made and by b'ebrnary, iSqfi. all tiie b-idics were taken from tlie old 
cemetery and reinterred in llie new. In iSi;ci Uie railroad swilcli I'mnting ibc 
chnrcb jiniperty im Ilro.adway was remn\ cd and in 1890-91 additiMii? were 
made t:i ilie cltureh, tlie scIimhI ;,nd ijrie^t'.- le-idenee. tn the great e<invenienee 
of the three buildings. By iNuS the l;i>t of the ehureh'.-^ imlcbtedne-s was 
wiped out. immediately after whieh plans were matured 1". -r the ereetinn nf 
a new and more commodious temple ni wiT-liip and under a full and eMm|ilele 
sy.stem of iirc-ralcd contril)Uti<Mi funds sutlieient f<'r the pr '-eeutiDu . f ihe en- 
terprise were soon in .sight. Jn 1901 the Farley ll^use (<u V.:\>\ llendrieks 
street, and the Kennedy lA tm East Bruadway were purehrised as a site f^r 
the new edillce and in i()0_' Right Reverend B.ishoi) Chaiard ap])r(ived the 
designs and plans fur the structure as it new staiid.s. Septemlier 8. 19OJ. 
ground fm- the building was br.'ken. by Feliruary. 1903, the fejuntlation was 
completed, and in April of the same year tlie contracts were let for the super- 
structure. The corner-stone was laid Ma}- 24. 1903. by Right Reverend Den- 
nis O'Donaghuc. auxiliary bish.'p d Indiunapulis. a'^si'sted by a large number 
of priests and in December full. wing, the brick and stuv.e w^rk was bnishcd. 
Finally, in the summer ef 1908. the new temple, one of the mosi beautiful 
and attracti\-e ecclesiastical edifices in the state of Indiana, was completed, and 
on August 24th o\ that year it was formally dedicated to the worship of God, 
with solemn aivl im|)ijsing cerem':nies. the day lieing almost ideal and the at- 
tendance much tiMi large for the audit uium te> accC'inmodate. Right Rc\". 
Dennis O'Donaghue celebrated solemn high mass and the dedicator}- serine >n 
by Rev. Joseph Charirand, a niodel of scholarshij), eloquence and force, v,-as 
listened to with great interest and profit by the large assemblage, a part of 
the discour.-e being in English and jiart in the German tongue, to suit his 
auditors who were aljout ecfually divided betw.een the two natiemalities. The 
service throughout was ver}- solemn and im]>i-essi\-e Ciud truly im]wsing, and 
the dav which marked an important era in the history of the church will hmg 
be remembered not only by the parislK.uiers and Cath- lies from other parts, 
but by the penjjle c,f the city, all of rejuiced in the sncce-^sful erimpleti' ii 
of the splendid building and in the gnwvth. prosperity and future pro-pects of 
the organization. 

The splendid temple erected un.iler the <lirecti'ni and supervisi ai of the 
consecrated servant of Gi d w ith u bom the entei-prise originated is <jf the pure 
Roman Renaissance architecture in the lU' >t artistic st}le of the builders" art. 
It is indeed an object of beauty and sublimity, and with its magnificent altar, 
groined ai-ches, stately ceiling, fine paintin.g- and ntlier emotions of profmnd 
devotion lift the minds and he'irts of wor-hiirer^ to a contemplatiiMi <ii the 
"building not made with hands." of which the earthly edifice stands as a t}-pe. 

34^ I'll, \li\\ UK's IIISTOKV OF SlIKI.r.V (■•>.. INI>. 

St. Jiiscpirs ])ari>li. uiiich iiiclu^k'S tlio cily am! a lar^c aroa nf adjacoiU 
lerritirn-y. is in a \-cry tlourishins;- c mililidii materially aiul spiritually, the nicni- 
bersliip. about one tlimisand in numlier. hein^" intensely ciisni'>pMliiaii in ehar- 
acter and ccniprising- many of 'he be-i i)e<iplc of the county. \\h<>. luuler the 
leadership of their beloved pastor, are continually striviii!;- for better things and 
pressing forward ti greater achie\-enients in ili.-seniiniting the truths of re- 
ligion among men. l-'athei" Iva.elin is devoted to his work and since coming to 
Shelbyvillc has found a warm place in the hearts and affections of his parishion- 
ers, besides gaining- the esteem and confidence of the people of the city, regard- 
less of church or creed. He fills a large place in the public view, takes an 
active interest in all m iNement-^ for the advancement of the commnnitv and 
standing for law and order n-es his efforts and influence for th.e be-t interests 
of the people and is in\ .u iably on the right side of every great moral question 
and issue. Thus far his labors have been signally successful, and it is the 
earnest desire and sincere prayer of all that lie may be spared many years to 
bless the world and win souls to the Inglier life. 

JOnX LliWlS ^[EAXS. 

When Jcihn Means, grandfather of the gentleman whose r.anie beads this 
review, came from the old Tar state (X;irth Carolina) to Shelbv countv. In- 
diana, in 1827. he found ^^forai township where he located very wild and only 
sparsely settled. Here in thi^se early days he kept a tavern where stage and 
travelers stopped, it being frequented by teamsters hauling goods from remote 
trading posts. Only about ten acres of the land on which he settled were 
cleared, but being a man of thrift he ^ u ai had a I'.ome and when he .lied be 
owned two full sections of gi^nfl land. He was one of five sons of William 
Means, a native of Rockingham county, Xorth Carolina. The latter was the 
son of Robert, Jr. He and his, Robert, Sr.. were both natives of Rock- 
ingham county, that state. Altliough there is some doubt as to the lineage of 
this fann'ly preceding the last named, it is believed that Robert Means, Sr.. 
■was the son of William ^^eans, a very large man who. wntli his brother and 
father, John >.rcans, came from Ireland in 1718 and. ijjo. settling in Ilucks 
county, I'enns}-lvania. 

John Lewis Means was born in the s^inheast part of Marion cijunty in 
184S. Pie is the son of Alexander an<l Julia Ann ' I'hemister) Means. The 
latter was the daughter of Charles and Judith f^hemister. who came from 
Bourbon county, Kentucky, in 1833 ami ^eltled in the southeast part of Ma- 
rion county, near the Shelby county line. 

John Lewis Means has no brothers living ar.l only one si-tcr, Mrs. 



Xancy Jane Kin- wife of Abram S. Kin-. \v!k. lives in M-ral t. .\vnr-lii].. 
\\'hen 1 ur suliject was six years nlcl. In's p.ivent^ niMveil f r. im .Mari.>n eoi\nty 
to Moral township. ShcH)y cimniy. ami it was Iutc tliat Jolm L. Means at- 
tended .<chml and grew to manlioo.', on his's farm, whicli lie helped de- 
velop. \\hen he was fifteen years old died and from then on he 
managed the farm, and although only a l)o>- he made it vield a eomfortahle 
living for the family. Tn 1S7J he was married lo l-'.lizahelh Smilh. daughter 
of Tinsley and Sarah 1 Murnan) .'^nn'ih, of AToral township, and to ihis union 
three children have been l>orn: Charles \\'.. Ijiura Maud, who nnrried l'. I-".. 
Tindall. and Carrie. After he was married Mr. Means continued to work on 
the farm left by his father. He al-o ]iurcha-ed f. riy acres adioining this 
place, making in all ■ Mie hundred twenty-one an^! one-half acres. Mi's. Means 
also has two hundied acres adjoim'ng and al-o two hundred acres in Moral 
township that is rented out. This land is all ^■cry valuable, is under tlrst-class 
improsements an(.l excellent man;:gcment. Tn 1898 Mr. Means bought a home 
in Shelbyville at 134 West Mech.anic >treet, where he has since resided, al- 
though he still manages his farm. His h.mic is a well-kept, substantial and 
attractive place, where the many friends of ])opular familv delight to 

Mr. ]\Ieans has gi\'en bis children every advantage and they show very 
readil}- that they have been reared in a wholesome home atmosphere and tliey 
are all favorites with a large circle of friends. Charles ]\Ieans is in charge of 
the shoe department in Means' department store, and lives next dO'./r to his 
father. He married Eva Kinsley, daughter of George Kin>ley. The married 
daughter. Mrs. Tindall. also lives near her father's residence. Her husljand is 
an attorney, and he has a liberal practice in Shelbyville. They are the parents 
of one child. Glen. ( See sketch of U. E. Tindall on another page of this work.) 
Carrie Means is still a member' of the home circle. 

Mr. ami Mrs. ?^Ieans are both members of the Baptist church, while their 
daughters belong to the First Mctlndist Episcopal church. Mr. and Mrs. 
}>Ie:nis and their children are held in high esteem bv all who know them. 


To James B. ]McI'\addcn belongs the hoivir of being the oldest member of 
the Slull.iy County Plar. as is iiulicated b}' his admission t 1 the ]iractice. which 
bears the date of 1855. I'or a half century in the state and federal courts and 
during the years of his acti'city there were few imp'->rtant cases in his immediate 
field of practice with which his name was not identified. From a somewhat 
modest beginning he grew steadily in public favor until he attained marked 
distinction as a succesM'ul lawver. 

34^ CHADW ICK S inSle)KV (iK SUKI.liV Caj.. IM>, 

As tlic name indicates Mr. Mcl^i(l.len is of S..-i>:L!i-lri.-.h li:ica,-e and 
traces liis i,'-enea!o<;y tn an early perinl in the Inst.iry oi I'ennsyKania. in wiiicii 
state Ills birth occurred on the Stli day of June. iS^J. His parents. Hug;!! and 
Isabella (Hayes) Md'adden. were also born in l'enns\!vania. the fatlier when 
a young man eno;aj::;ing^ in the mercantile l)u-iness. In 1S3S the faniilv mi- 
grated to Indiana, and -ettlint;- ne:!r P,c\q-,q--;tou 11. in Shelby co;;nty. became ac- 
tively identified with the development 4 that pan of the countrv and. for some 
years experienced the various hardships and vicissitudes of pioneer life, .\tter 
keeping a st(ire and manufacturing tobacco fir about ten A-ears. Hugh Mcl'.id- 
den'mo\-ed to a farm and from that time until his ileath in 1851 dt-voted hi-^ 
attention to agricultural pursuits. Mrs. McFadden. who survived her husband 
a number of years, lived to see her children grow to young manhood and 
womanh rid, and was called to the other world at a ripe old ;ige. 

The family of Hugh and Isabella McFadden consisted, 'if four rinldi'en. 
all of whom grew to m:'.turity and became well known and greatly e-^teenied : 
IMary Jane, the oldest dangh.tcr. died at the age of twenty : Willi, nn. a i)hysician 
and surgeon, is mentioned elsewhere on these pages: Hugh is a successful 
agriculturist of Shell)y county, a.nd K' bert departed this life a few niontb.s l>e- 
fore attaining hi> majority. 

James B. McFadden. the second in order of birth a.nd ih.e oldest son. re- 
ceived his preliminary education ir. the country scho. il. this training being after- 
wards supplemented b}- a two years' com-se in Wabash College. Choosing the 
law for a pnifession. lie began preparing for the same in the office of Thomas 
A. Hendricks, under whose able instruction he continued until that gentleman's 
election to Congress, when he went to PVanklin and entered the office of Over- 
street & Hunter, the leading law firm of that tov n. After spending some 
time with those gentlemen he became a student of the Xew York State and 
Xational Law School at Balistcn Spa. Xew ^'ork. where he prosecuted liis 
studies until completing the prescribed course and receiving his degree, after 
which he returned to Slielbyville. where in the year 1S55 he was duly ad- 
mitted to the bar. 

When Mr. ?\IcI"ailden !)egan the practice of his pr. 'fes-ion the bar of 
Slielbyville had few members. Imt they were men of more than a\era,i;e abilit)-. 
the reputation of several being already state wiile. In-iead of entering the 
lists with these formidable adversaries single-handed and alone, young Mc- 
Fadden formed a partnership with Judge William J. Peaslee. one of the oldest 
and most successful practitioners in the southeastern part of the state, with 
whom he remaine'l until tiie breaking out <>f t'ne Ci\il war. when he discon- 
tinued his profe^sii.iu for the purp i-e of entering the military service. His first 
efforts in behalf of the govcrimient consisted in helpin,g to recruit a company 
which being comi)leted he was elected first Tlie com])any was mus- 
tered into the service and assigned to the Sevenrv-ninth Indiana Infantrw but 


tci tlie iinuticraljlc disapp ^intnioiit and chai^rin (.1 tlie amliitii^us vduni,-- lieu- 
tenant he failed to jtass tlie rigid medical examination required and \\a> nlili^i.-d 
to remain lichind while his comrades proceeded to tlie front. His health con- 
tinued impaired for several years, notwithstanding which he lahored almost 
incessantly as a recruitin.g officer and induced not a few of his friends and 
others to enlistin defense of the Union, his elTi)rts in this capacity doiiljtless 
pnning of !;rcater serxice to tlie gc_)\-crnment tlijn if he had been able to bear 
arms to meet the enemy ■ 'ii the Held of battle. 

In iS66 Mr. McFadden resumed, the practice of his profession from which 
time until 190S he was as already indicated a leading member of the local bar 
and a conspicuous figure in the higlier courts of the state as well as in the 
federal ci,-urts. He built up an extensive jiractice which took a very wide 
range, and was eagerly sought by litigants in bis own and neighboring counties. 

Mr. McFadden made a careful study of legal .-science and his knowledge 
of jurisprudence with the ability to apply tlie same to practice in all branches 
of his profession made him one of the leading members oi the Shelby County 
Bar. .\fter a long and eminent]}- successful career he retired in IQ08 witii well 
earned laurels t(5 spend the remainder of his days in the enjoyment of that rest 
to which his many years of service so well entitle him. 

When the bankruptcy law was passed by the Xational Congress. Mr. Mc- 
Fadden was appointed Chief Justice of the United States. Register-in-Rank- 
rui)tc\". which office he held with marked ability until the rejjeal of the law. 
his career the meanwhile fully meeting with the expectations of the authori- 
ties and justifying the wisdom of his selection. A Republican and for many 
ye?,rs an influential factor in the political circles of his county and state, he did 
much to strengthen the party both in local and general affairs. 1)ut by reason 
of the normall}- large maj<.'rity of tlie oijposjtion he failed twice for the offices 
to which he aspired, the first time for F'rosecuting Attorney and later for the 
Upper House of the Ceneral Assembly, though carrying more than the strength 
of his ticket in both elections. In iSSo he represented the Sixth Congres- 
sional district as delegate to the Xational Republican Convention at Chicago, 
which nominated James .-\. Garfield for the Presidency, and in the campaign 
which followed he labored earnestly for that gallant standard bearer. 

Mr. Mcl'adden has been cjuite successful in a business way. and he is 
now in independent circumstances, owning in addition to a beautiful modern 
home, which be built in 18S1. and valuable business property in Shelbyvilie. a 
splendid farm of one hundred sixty acres in one oi the most fertile districts 
of the county, a pnrt of which includes the old homesteatl which his parents 
originally settled. 

The domestic life of Mr. McFadden dates from the year iSAo when he 
entered the marriage relation witli .Vdelinc Tomlin^on. wlio^e parents. Ge.irge 
and Lucy Tomlinson, were f^r man_\ years re---pected residents of .South.p n't, 

330 CHAnWlCK's history of SIII-.I.KV CO., INU. 

Marion county. Mr>. McI'aLklen. who first saw tlie li.ulit ni day in thai tnwn. 
is a ladv of manv sterling qualities, whose friends in the city of her resi- 
dence are as the number of her acquaintances, and who has nobly seconded 
lier husband in all uf his endeav .rs. She bore him one child, a daughter, whom 
death claimed for his uwn at the tender age of four years, since which sad 
event she has lavished her love and affectum on the children of others and 
made many homo bright and cheerful by her generous and kindly ministra- 


This name, familiar in Shelby county since pioneer days, designates one 
of the olde.-t, best known and most esteemcl of its families. They are of 
Kentucky origin, ;<-.d the Shelby county branch springs from Thomas Mobcr- 
Iv, who was born in Madison county. Kentucky, January 20. 182 1. He wa.s 
a son of William and Martha (Robertson) :\Ioberly. both of whom spent then- 
lives and ended their davs in the old state, south of the Ohio, the father dying 
in 1832, and the niMther in 1824. Thomas was left an orphan at the age of 
three'vears, and four years later was brought io Shelby county by Ins mater- 
nal uncle, James Robertson, by whom he was supported during the formative 
period of his life, ^^"hen twentv-one he began farm work on his own account 
on a place of one hundred five acres, his father-in-law's farm, afterwards given 
to his wife, which he subsequently purchased. He was a careful nian, ot 
thrifty disposition, industrious habits and good judgment in maknig m vest- 
ments'. As a result he was quite successful, his original farm ))eing mcreased 
in time to a holding of tV.ur hundred acres, situated in I'nion township, si.-c 
miles and north of Shelbvville. He lived on one farm forty-six years. 
For thirtv-four vears continuouslv he served as Justice of the Peace of his 
township' and di'd nearlv all of the local business. He taught school tor ten 
terms, between 1830 and 1852. was trustee and deacon of the Baptist church, 
of which he was a life-long and consistent member, and altogether led suck, a 
blameless and useful life as to enjoy universal respect and esteem. A staunch 
Republican and uncompromising Union man. he befriended the soldiers wit.i 
sucli steadv enthusiasm as to earn the love of every veteran. In iSn, he be- 
came a resident of Shelbvville. and lived there in retirement until Ins dcatn. 
which occurred October '11. 1908. when he w;as past eighty-seven years ot 
ao-e Februarv 17 1S42, he married Jtilila, datighter of Xoah and Polly 
B'prnes who came with her parents. from Kentucky to Shelby canity in 183.^ 
Her father died in Union township in 1867. and her mother a year latcT 
herself passed awav Tune 17. kjot. in Shelbyville. To Mr. an<l ^ rs Th-auas 
Mob rl - six children were l.^rn. five of whom survive and all of them have 
I'^let with =ucces. in life. John M. married Maiy E. Dewitt. has four children, 


rill boys, and lives wii ,i farm in Addi>Mn township: William X. marncl Mi:-- 
SMiiri Worland. cf ]:)ccatur county, and died tlicre. Icaviii- a son named after 
his fatlicr. lie served a> a memljer of (."ajnain AllenV c<aiipany on the Oi;e 
Hundred Thirty-second Ivegimeiu. Indiana \'oluuteer Infantry, duriui^- the 
last year of the Civil war. for which he drew a pension. Mary'li.. the eMe^t 
dau-lner. married Dr. Alhert M. I'herson. and has three children: Adella. 
Helta A. and Ora. and resides in Osborn. Ohio. Martha F., the second 
dauirhter. m;u-ried Simuel Farthing, a farmer of Union lown.ship. on part of 
the old homestead, and has one child. Bertha May. Edward R.. the voungest 
child, married Carrie Yarling. and resides on a farm in Marion lown~hip. 
Their only child. Wilbur, died at an early age. 

James H. Moberly. who was the third of his father's children, was born 
on the old homestead in Union township. Shelbv countv. Indiana. April 5. 
1847. He w-ent through all the experiences of pioneer days, the log cabin 
school-house, with its greased paper window lights, the itinerant teacher, 
who "boarded around," the ill-assorted class books, the cutting of wood with 
tlie other boys to keep up the fire? the short terms and the irregular attendance. 
In the simimer. of course, he had to help with the farm work, doing the 
chores, getting up early to feed, carrying water to the hands, and all the rest 
of the drudgery known only to the boy of that period. This kind of life Ciin- 
tinued until he was sixteen years old, and a year or two later he began at- 
tending normal school and teachers' institutes at Shelbyville. Beginning in 
1S76. he "took up schrM.r' in one of the country districts, and taught seven 
winters during the years ending with 1S80. The terms were short then, only 
fi\e or six months, and the intervals were devoted to fann work. In 1SS6 
^Ir. Moberly took up his residence in 'Shelbyville. though he still kept in touch 
with the farm and acted as overseer for his father. In November, 1906, he 
was elected Justice of the Peace, and sin.ce then has been transacting the busi- 
ness of that office. Like his father and indeed the whole Moberly family, he 
has been industrious, economical and saving, with the result that he has some- 
thing to show for his life's work. Two hundred and twent_\--four acres of fine 
farming land in Union township, besides personal property, are evidences of 
his thrift, his saving qualities and his good judgment in business. Though 
reared a Baptist he is not affiliated with any church, his politics, like those of 
his lamented father, are strictly Republican, and he holds membershi]) in the 
Masonic and Odd Fellows orders, his lodges being Xo. 28 of the Free and 
Accepted ^Masons, and Xo. 39 of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, at 
Shelbyville. He is a stockholder and moving spirit in the Shelby county joint 
Stock Agricultural Association, and ne\-er misses attendance at its successful 
annual fairs. He has had extensive experience in the settlement of estates 
and as guardian for minor heirs, being regarded as a safe and reliable Ini-i- 
ness man. He has remained unmarried, and during their later years devoted 
affectionate care and unwearied attention to tlie comfort of his aged parents. 

VrOAJU^, . (^^U^ J^s^^J^ ^-Wi- 



Herbert Morris, srm if Sylvan P.. and Myrtilla M'irri>. was born in 
].elwn<'n. Warren county, Ohio. May 25. 1858. He <^re\v up and received bis 
e(hication in liis native town and early in life cnteied bis lather's mercantile 
establishment, where he soon becaiue familiar with the principles of business 
and demonstrated marked aptitude in the management of the enterprise with 
which he was ci.innected. Since old enough to begin the battle (.if life him- 
self, Mr. Morris has been identiheil w itli the mercantile bu>iness and since 1893 
lias held an important position witli the large dry goods firm of Morris & 
Company, in which he also owns an interest. His practical intelligence, well 
balanced judgment and long experience peculiarly fit him for the intluentiai 
position he holds as a business man. familiar with every jihase of commercial 
life, he stands in the tVremost rank of those similarly engaged. 

Mr. Morris was married in the year 1905. to Lena P.nel. of Riclim m.d, 
Indiana, daughter of Abner and ]^Iattie (Boles) Buel. the f.ather a well known 
business man and prominent citizen of that city. In his fraternal relations 
Mr. Morris belongs to the Knights of Pythias and the Order of Ben Hur. and 
like the rest of the Morris family is identified with the Pre>byterian church. 


For consideralily more than a full generatii.>n the Star ?Jills h.i\e been a 
landmark in the southeastern section of Shelbyville. It is an imposing struc- 
ture cif brick, four stories high, sixty by one hundred feet in dimensions. It 
is situated near the Big Fnur station in easy reach also of the Pennsylvania 
lines, and has all conveniences for prompt handling and speedy shipmerit. The 
plant was established in 1867. by Alonzo Swain, who conducted it until 1S73, 
when it went into th.e hands of a new ci'mpany with Sidney Robertson. ma:i- 
ager: S. L. \'anpelt. vice president: Michael Snider. T. G. Stewart William 
A. Moore and Cletirge W. Kennedy. Eventually the latter became sole owner 
and for years the mills have been under his cmtrol and management It was 
at first a burr-mill, with a capacity of forty barrels a day, but in 1883 was 
changed t^ the full roller process and smce then has been conducted on a strictly 
up-to-date basis, with modern machinery. The present capacity is iwo hun- 
dred barrels a day and three grades of flour are turned out. being known .is 
the "R Star." the "High Mark" and "Crystal." They reach the general 
markets of th.e whole country, but ship principally to poi'its in the East and 

George W." Kennedy. who~e n.ime has been so k:P-g identified with this 

CHADWICK's history of SHELBY CO., IND. 353 

valiKihlc I'X-a! industry, was Ixirii in Piiclhy c.nmiy. Indiana. I'cljrnary 5. 1S30, 
five miles southwest of SlielbyviUe. He is a s.m of Robert Kennedy, who was 
born in \"irginia. in 17S2, served as a soldier in the War of uSi_' and die'l 
in 1S33. Pie married Margaret l-deniins. a native of I'ennsylvania. by wlioni 
he had ten children. \<'\v: sons and six (laughters. Mr. Kennedy liar, devoted 
practicallv his whole life to the milliner business, and has long enjoyed the 
reputation of l:ieing- a skillful and reliable w-orkman. He Las always been a 
man of quiet disposition and unobtrusive manners, paying close attention to 
his business, but fulfilling all the obligations of a good father, husband and 
citizen. Xovembcr 15. 1S55. Mr. Kennedy married Mary J., daughter of 
lames M. and Mary j'larwick-. the former fr.-ni Maryland and the latter from 
Pennsvlvania. To .Mr. and ^Irs. Ke\medy tive children have been born, of 
whom' four are living. C.e<3rgia married J. W". Thompson, an attorney of In- 
dianapolis, and has four children: James B. married Marv Edna Payne, of- 
Shelbyvillc: Maggie married Charles W. ImIui >re, a Christian minister, of In- 
dianapolis, and has three children : l-'retl W. married Ida Mausy, of Rnsh- 
ville. For many years Mr. Kennedy and his son, James B.. have been promi- 
nent members of the Indepcntlent Order of Odd Fellows, and the family are 
affiliated with the First Methodist Episcopal church. The Kennedy Milling 
Companv is one of the old and reliable institutions nf Shelbyville, and has lo:;g 
ranked as one of its impr-rtant industries, th.ose in charge enjoying the entire 
confidence of the business world. 


Among the sturdy German element that left the Fatherland and came to 
America during the pioneer period of our country and remained wr the subse- 
quent development of same, the Yarling family is deserving of special mention.. 
for they have been among our best and most industrious citizens. Peter \ ar- 
ling. father of the gentleman whose name heads this review, was born in Hesse 
Dannstadt, Germanv. Tulv 3. 1810, the son of John and Elizabeth ( Redisch) 
Yarling. Peter Yarfing came to Baltimore. Maryland. October, 1829, and 
after moving to Frederick, :\Iaryland. where he lived for less than a year, he 
moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he married Mary Miller, and in about 1830 
came to Shelby county, Indiana. They were among the pioneers of that period 
when this county was imdeveloped, and here they played well their parts in tlie 
clearing awav of the heavy timber and draining the land, transforming the 
wild ground into fine farms. John Yarling. grandfather of our subject, bought 
a farm in I'nion township. Pri.^r to this time John Yarling was a wagon- 
maker, but the entire family now became farmers. Peter's cliildren were 



roared on the land he settled in ^^arion to\vn>diiii. He died tliere nn April ii, 
\Sj(k His wife was licini March i. i8iJ. in Osnahrnk. in the ]'ro\ince of 
Hanover, flermany, and she passed tn Iter r^.-st I'ehruarv y, 1886. at the age of 
seventy-five }ears. 

:Michael Yarling- was born in Marion township. Shelby county. Indiana 
December 15. 1843. being; the seventh chiKl in a family of nine children, fcur of 
Avhom are deceased. Philip, brother of the subject, died in 1S52: Mrs. Eliza 
Moore died mi August. 1869 : George died in March. 1879 : he was the father of 
Attorney William Yarling. whose sketch appears on another page of this work: 
Jlenry died December 27. 1862. while a soldier in the Union army. The living 
children are Mrs. :\rary Phares. wife of George (see sketch.) ; John W. (whose 
sketch appears herein): Jacob and Michael, also Catherine, wife of Samuel 

Michael Yarling as married i>n >[arch 2t,. 1872. t<. Derexa Tallin, of 
Hanover township the daughter of Anderson and Mary Talhert. After their 
marriage they located in Liberty township, where they own a farm which thev 
have greatly impro\-ed and oft" which they have reaped a comfortable liviiig 
ever since, and ha\-e prospered, being able to buy additional land from time to 
time. He now owns three farms, one hundred and sixty-five acres in Libertv 
township, one hundred and sixty-four acre- in Hanover township, and one hun- 
dred and sixteen acres in Marion t(/wnship. a parr of the latter being in Union 
townshi]), making a total rif four hundred and forty-five acres, besides his 
property in Shelby ville. In 1896 he built a fine home in this city on South 
Harrison street and moved- into the city. His success has been due to his ex- 
cellent judgment in business affairs, his economic habits and his industrv. also 
his honest dealing with his fellow men. which has won their confider.ce. Once 
when ;Mr. Yarling was asked what he considered the essentials of success, he 
replied: "First of all, strict integrity and straight dealing. These are more 
valuable investments many migh.t realize. One should have common, sense and use it, should not be afraid of hard work, sh.ould be economi- 
cal, but not niggardly; and. good health is a big item." Evidenth- Mr. \ar- 
ling has carried out the al>:ve rules in his life work, according to those who 
know him best. 

In September. 1886, ^Ir. Yarling was appointed County Commissioner to 
serve the balance of an unexpired term. At the expiration of that term, so 
faithfully had he performed his duties that he was twice re-elected on the 
Democratic ticket, and he held the office until the end of 1892. to the entire 
satisfaction of rdl concerned, foe he had given it his careful attention just the 
same as if it had been his own private business. 

Three interesting children have blessed the home of Mr. and r^Irs. Yar- 
ling. nainely: Gertrude is the wife of Roscoe \\'e<terfield, of Hantixer town- 
ship; Anna P. is the wife of Dr. L. G. Bowers, of Dayton. Ohio; Raymond 


T. lives on one oi liis fatlicr's farms. ' The subjecl has liceii a nienibe 
Masonic order since iSSo. Xo family in Sliclhy cuunty is iKltcr ki 
heUl in hio-her favor than the Varlings. 


That was a tvpical outfit which miglu have been seen on a beautiful fall 
d:;v wcmling its wav from \'irginia to the land of promise offered to immi- 
grants in the territory northwest of the Ohio. There were some twenty men 
Tn the caravan besides their wives and children, and as the only means ,.<. 
tran^iv.rtation was by wag.m tliere were four of them, eacli family havnig a 
cow. making the live stock display not inconsiderable. Being strict Meth'xli-ts 
the<e pi. 'n-.'i)io;'cers refused to travel on Sunday, audi laid up in camp, when 
the Sabliath day interrupted their joumeyings. At the bead of this parly was 
Samuel Wells.' a native of Wales. His wife was born in Scotlaml They 
settled in ^raryland and afterwards moved to \'irginia, and there followed his 
trade of tailoring. With him were his wife and unmarried son, a daughter 
and a nephew reared in the family. The objective point of these wayfarers 
was Dayton. Ohio, then a village of some three or four hundred population. 
and four stores. They reached their destination on October 31st. and .settled on 
the farm of Thomas' Skinner, which was located near the Miami and Mad 
rivers, ten miles north of Dayton. Skinner was a Xortb Carolinian, who 
came to Ohio in iSiC>. bought a large tract of land. Samuel Wells b. ught 
two hundred seventy-three and a fraction acres, which was subseijuently di- 
vided into fifty-acre' tracts, and given to his children. The old pioneer, who 
was born Tune 11, 1755. and died Decemljer 13. 1830. had six children: Levi. 
William, Sila^, John \v.. Elizabeth, who married a Mr. Xailor, and Wiiiey. 
who married a Skinner. Sila<, who was born in Marylaivl Xovember 7. 17S5, 
marnc 1 b:isie. daughter of Thomas Skinner and farmed m Miami county, 
Ohio, until his death, which occurred April 17, 1867. His wife, wh.o was 
born in Davie county. Xorth Carolina, January 11, 1701. went with 
parents to \'irginia. and subsequently to Ohio, where she died. April 28. 1843. 
Thev were the parents of the following children: Thomas S., the oldest, who 
was'born in Virginia July 15, 1S15, died February ^9. 1S92. became a man of 
note in Ohio, where for more than forty years he was a minister of the Chris- 
tian church. Richard P.. the second child, was born October 31, 1816. Wil- 
liam ('... third on the list, was born December 6, 1818. and was for forty years 
a mini-ter if tht I'nited Brethren church, bis death occurring July -'4. 1896. 

Samuel S.. the four'h of the fanii 

is siill 

James i'.. born April 13. 1^23. is now rleceased. John \V.. n..w dead. 


was born Fehruary 4. 182:;: Levi A., and Eli O. (twins) died in iniancv: 
Martlia J., b.trn September 10. 1S29. is still livin.t,'': David, deceased, was born 
February i. 1S33 : Sarab I., born February jS. 1835, is living: Levi W., lyirn 
April 27. 1828, died Marcb 11, 1S94. 

Robert S. Wells, tbe tenth child, was burn in Miami cotinly, Ohio. De- 
cember 30. 1830. and went thr 'uyh the experiL'nces of a uenm'ne pioneer bov. 
Alter he grew u'p. he became a farmer and fullowed that occupation tor many 
years. Tliis life was di\-ersified by teaching" dinging the winters and altogetlier 
lie had charge of twenty-one schools in \arious parts of tbe state of Ohio. In 
1855 he rcnioxed to Shelby county, in the same state, where he located on a 
farm but still continued to teach. August 21. 1862, he enlisted in Company C, 
Xinety-ninth Regiment. Ohio Volunteer Infantn,-, under Captain Knapp and 
Colonel Cummins. He was in camp at Lima until September, then in Ken- 
tucky, near P'aris, and was discharged March 7. 1S63. He was nine months in 
hospitals, six months at Louisville and three at Camp Chase. Being discharged 
as a corporal he draws a pension of twenty dollars a month. After leaving the 
army Mr. Wells farmed in Ohio until 1866. when he came to Shelby county, 
Indiana, bought a farm, but subsequently engagetl in the grocery business at 
Shelbyville. Selling out. he first went to Hendricks, and then to IMarion town- 
ship, where he resided for many years. In Xovember, 18SS. he located per- 
manently at Shelbyville, where for many years until recently he was collector 
and Justice of the Peace. Fomierly a Whig, ^Ir. Wells cast his first vote for 
Gen, Winfield Scott, but after the organization of the Republican party, he 
became a charter member, and has since voted for every one of its Presidential 

August 28. 1 85 1, ;Mr. Wells married Eliza, daughter of Michael and 
Susan (Kutz) Saunders, who came from Pennsylvania, where ]\Irs. Wells 
was born January 30, 1831. and came to Miami county. Ohii. with her par- 
ents, wdien. four years of age. Her mother. Susan Kutz. died February 16. 
1905, at the extreme age of ninety-six years. To Mr. and Mrs. Wells four 
children were born: Edward F.. now a physician in Chicago, was born May 
14, 1853. married Maria J. };illman. in 1876. and has a son. Michael E.. born 
in 1877. Su'ian E.. born February 3. 1S57. in Shelby county. Ohio, married 
Robert Gordon in 18S1, and has had six children, of whom four are living, 
Sarah J., born X'ovember 29. 1S60, in Shelby county, Ohio, died there before 
her father's removal to Indiana. John B., born April 13. 1864. married Sadie 
D. Clark at Indianapolis, in 18S5. and is a miller at Alton. Illinois, his two 
sons being Clark C. and Orville D.. still with their parents. Mr. and Mrs. 
Wells reside in a comfortable home at 36 St. Mar}-'s street. Shelbyville. and 
are spending the evening of their li\-es in serene retirement, enjoying excellent 
health, and glad at any time to welcome their many friends. Mr. Weils is a 
man of good judgment in business affairs, alen to all puljlic (juestions and full 


of interesting- reminiscences of the nlder times, when tiie piuneers were making 
their great tight to con(iuer the wilderness fur tiieir descendants. 


Mr. Fleming Imlds the responsible position of president of the Shclhy 
National Bank, and has been identified with the business interests of Shelby- 
ville for a period of forty years, during which time he has advanced to a front 
rank among the financiers of his adopted state, besides earning the unique 
record of having taken no vacation or season of rest since entering upon his 
present line of duty, nearly a half century ago. Accepting a minor post in 
the old Shelby bank in iS6S. he filled it so acceptably as to gain the confidence 
of his superiors, who were not long in promoting him to a more responsible 
position, wdiich proved the beginning nf a series of advancements which in 
due time led to the office he now holds as executive head of one of the best and 
most successful banking institutions in the state. 

Born in Alleghany county, Pennsylvania. November 2^. 1847, Thomas 
W. Fleming was less than three years old when brought by his parents to In- 
diana, since which time his life has been very closely interwoven with the his- 
tory of the city, which for nearly three score years he has made his home. His 
father. Dr. George \\'. Fleming, a native of Washington county, Pennsylvania, 
was born in 1S02. and after being graduated from Washington College, of 
^^'ashington. Pennsylvania, practiced medicine in the state of his birth until 
1850. when he moved to Shelby county. Indiana, where he continued his 
chosen calling to the end of his life, dying ^.larch 21st nf the year 1S64. Be- 
linda McGrew, wife of Doctor Fleming, and mother of the subject, was also 
born and reared in Washington county, Pennsylvania. She sundved her 
husband about twenty-three years, departing this life in the county of Shelby 
at the advanced age of four score years, leaving to mourn their loss two sons, 
George W.,' mentioned elsewhere in these pages, and the gentleman whose 
name introduces this review. 

Thomas W. Fleming attended the public schools of Shelbyville until com- 
pleting the prescribed course of study, and was preparing to enter college when 
the death of his father caused a very" material change in his plans, by throwiiig 
him upon his own resources for livelihood. Entering the employ of G. W. F. 
Kirk, who kept a hat and shoe store, he obtained his tirst knowledge of busi- 
ness as a salesman, but after clerking for that gentleman a short time, he ac- 
cepted a similar position in the clothing store of Samuel O'Connor, where he 
remained until engaging in his present line of business in 1868. 

The Shelbv Bank was organized bv Samuel Hamilton, who conducted 


it as an individual enterprise until 1802. when .-.vni- ti the death 01 Mr. 
Hamilton, the t)ank was reoroanized. and Mr. 1-loming became associated with 
nine ether stockholders, under the joint niana-eir.ent .^t whom tne mstituii.Mi 
was carried on as a private bank t-^r a period ..f thirteen years. At the expira- 
tion of that time the bu^ine^^^ pas-^ed into the ban, Is n' four partners, who con- 
tinued it as a private bank until 1005. when it was rcor-anized as the Slielby 
Xational Bank, bv which name it is <till known, tlie institution at this time 
being- one of the liiost pn.sperous and popular of the kind in the state. 

Shortlv after engaging with .Mr. Hamilton. Mr. I-kining was made 
cashier, in which capacitv lie continued until i^oJ. when in addition in the 
duties of hi^ por^iiion he become one of the stockb.-.Mers and assume.l no small 
part of the manv responsibilities of the large ar.l constantly increasing busi- 
ness necessarily fell to him and he proved epial t , the task. L>3n the organ- 
ization of the'Shelbv National Bank in 1905. be was made president, whicn 
honorable position he has since held with ability, being at this time the execu- 
tive head of the institution, which in view of hi^ long and honorable business 
experience and high standing in the financial world affords the best guarantee 
of its continu. ^us growth and success. Mr. Fleming is ably assisted by a board 
of directors composed of men of high business standing, whose connection 
with the bank adds not a little to its stability and popularity. 

Mr. Fleming is a business man wdiose career has been uniformly prosper- 
ous and wlK-ise recnrd ever al.iove reproach and eminently honorable compares 
favorably with that of any of his compeers. He is a member ot the btate 
Bankers'' Association, and has served as president of the Bankers Associa- 
tion of the Sixth district cf Indiana in both of which bodies he stands deserved- 
ly high, taking an active part in their deliberations and exercising a strong 
influeiice in formulating policies for the direction and control of the business 
which thev are designed to promote. In politics he is a Republican, and for 
some years was a zealous party worker, but recently retired from active par- 
ticipation in political affairs the better to devote his entire time and attention 
to his duties as a financier. Mr. Fleming was married on the 8th day of May. 
1873, to Anna Rowan, a native of Ohio, and for years a teacher in the pulilic 
schools cf Sbelbvville, the union resulting in tlie birth of two chil.lrcn. a 
d'<utrhter Elizabeth, and a son bv the name of George Elliott Fleming. 'I he 
former is now the wife of G. S. 'Moffett. financial agent of the Penn Mutual 
Life Insurance Company of Philadelphia, with headquarters at Atlama. 
Georgia their home being blessed with two children. Thomas Fleming and 
\nn ^Margaret. George Elliott Fleming was graduated from Harvard L m- 
versity wkh the class of 1899, after which he took a three years' law course, 
and is now practicing his profession in New York City, wb.ere he already has 
earned an honorable ^record as a corporation lawyer. He has a large and lucra- 
tive legal business, and is recognized as one of the rising young attorneys nt 
the great metropolis which he chose for his field of labor. 





^£a. ■Jt^'i^H^.^.ji^:^.. 




Mr. l-"Ieiiiin.!^ and all i>t his family helnny^ to the PrL'-hyteriaii cluircli, aivl 
ni;iiiiiV>t an ahiding iiitere.-it in various hues of work under the auspices ni the 
same. The family dwelling' at Xo. 9A West Broadway is <ine of the largest 
and nii'.-t laautiful of the city's many fine modern residences, and the air of 
Content which reigns therein makes it in everv sense of the term a home ideal. 


Distinguished as a theologian, a physician and an educamr, the suhjcct of 
this sketch fills a large place in tjie pulilic view. h<ilding liigh rank in the dif- 
fercp.t line- nf work to which his life has been devxed since becoming a citizen 
oi Shelliv cunty. He is doubtless the oldest clergyman in this part of Indian?. 
having sersed as pastor of Zion church oi the German E'.angelica! Protestant 
denomiuatiun in Union township continuously since January 3, 1S70. and since 
1880 lias sustained the same relation to the church in Shelby ville. besides 
ren(kring clTicicnt service as a physician and educator. Born in Leimbach, 
Germany, August 22. 1S41. Gustav G. \\"inler is the desce!idant of an unbroken 
line r.f clergymen from the days of Martin l,uther. an ap.cestor of his liaving 
been une of the first ministers to accept the views of the great ref.ormer and 
])ublicly pnjclaini them throughout the Fatherland. His father. Rev. Carl 
Winter, a minister of scholarly attainments and distinguished ability, preached 
the Giisijcl cnntinuously for a period of fifty-two years during which time 
he ser\ed various congregations in Germany, t':) which country his labijrs were 

After receiving his preliminary educational training in the elementary 
schools of his native place. Dr. \\'inter entered the Gymnasium of Eisleben, 
the native home and burial place of Martin Luther, where he received instruc- 
tion in five languages, viz: German, French, Latin, Hebrew and Clreek, liccom- 
ing proficient in each, besides making rapid advancement in the various other 
branches which constituted the curriculum of the institution. After his 
graduation he took a three years" course in medicine, following which he fin- 
ishe<l his theological studies in the University of Halle, and in 186S was 
crdained to the minii,try. meantime, 1S63, he served one \ear in the German 
army, the length of time required from students, and three years later, during 
the Austro- Prussian war of 1866, he was again called to arms and commis- 
sioned as an officer during the period of service in that struggle. The actual 
time of fighting lasted only eight days, nevertheless he was retained consid- 
erably longer and about six months elapsed ere he was discharged and per- 
mitted to resume his ministerial and (;;ther professional duties. 

In the year 1869 Doctor Winter bade farewell to his native land and came 

360 CHADWICK's history of SHEI.DY CO., IXD. 

to tlie I'niteil Stales, bcinj;- the only member of his family tu seek a new home 
and carve mit a new career in the great American Republic. Xot long after 
landing on the shores of the Xew World he ma<le his way to Shelby county, 
Indiana, and in January, 1870, entered upon his duties as pastor of the Zion 
church in I'nion township, at that time a feeble nrganization made uj) nf a few 
German families, some living in the vicinity and others at more remote dis- 
tances. Under the minisiiy and efticient management of the new pastor, the 
societies at (ince took on new life, and it was ni-t long until the congregation 
began to grow in numbers and iniluence and became one of the leading religious 
bodies of the community. During his active pastorate of thirty-nine years. 
the growth of the Zion church has been steady and substantial along lioth 
material and spiritual lines, and it is n^.'W a live and flourishing organization, 
numbering eighty-four families, among which are many of the leading 
farmers and representative citizens of the county, the fame of the churfh 
having spread far and wide and the r.ame of its able and beloved leader has 
become a power for good not only auKjng his parishioner>, but in the larger 
sphere of religious activity through the state. (See histiory of Zion ch.urch 
on another page. ) 

Doctor Winter was in the county but a short time before his standard of 
scholarship was recognized, and seeking to take advantage of the same the 
official board of Shelbyville public schools tendered him the position of teacher 
of languages, wdiich he accepted. Entering upon his duties as instructor in 
1873, he filled the position with marked ability for a period of twenty-four 
years, during which time he achieved much more than local repute in his 
special lines of work. Resigning his position in the schools in 1897, the doctor 
has since devoted his attention to the interests of the two congregations over 
which he exercises pastoral control, and in connection with his ministerial 
duties is also actively engaged in medical work, which he has practiced con- 
tinuously and successfully ever since becoming a resident of Shelby county, 
nearly forty years ago. 

Doctor Winter's life has been a strenuous c>ne, filled to repletion with good 
to the world. He was married lui the 25th day of June, 1S72, to Rosa Theobald, 
daughter of INIichael Theobald, of Shelby county, a union blessed with three 
sons. Carl G., a physiciaii and surgeon ; Paul G.. an electrical engineer, and 
Emil G., who is also engaged in the practice of medicine, all three being 
located in the city of Indianapolis. 

Dr. Winter is a thirty-second degree Mason and is widely and favoraljly 
known among his fellow craftsmen throughout Indiana and other states. He 
joined the order in 1879, since which time his advancement in the different 
branches has been continuous, having been honored at inter\-als witli important 
official positions in the Blue Lodge, Chapter. Council and Commandery at 
Shelbvville. and standing high in the Sc(;.tti>h Rite, Consistorv and ]\Iystic 

chadwick's uisniKv UK siiEi.r.v CO., ixii. 361 

Shrine at Indianapolis, besides representing t!ic local or<^anizatiun in tlie 
Grand Lodg-e of the state. 

Although a \-er_v busy man, the doctor has found time to travel quite exten- 
sively, having made several trips abroad, and besides visiting nearly every 
country and many historic cities and noted places in Europe, has traveled over 
all parts of the L'nitcd States and Canada, in this way broadening his mind 
and accjuiring a practical knowledge not otherwise obtainaljic. Tlie doctor 
has never set his mind in worldly gain, having always made it subordinate to 
his ministerial and professional work, nevertheless he is well situated finan- 
cially, owning in addition to his comfortable com])etency in Shelbyville, a fine 
farm of one hundred and sixty acres in Decatur county, from which he deri\-es 
no small share of his income. 


The family of this name is of Scotch origin, and but for a lucky accident 
invoh'ing both tragedy and romance, tb.erc would 1:>e no descendants of this 
name to tell the tale. James Adams, when a small bi:>}', was of the party 
emigrating to America, and when coming across the Atlantic, fell overb:)ard. 
He was rescued from the water by Edmund Kinsey, v>ho leaped after the 
child and saved him at a risk of hi« own life. This boy settled in Ohio, and 
eventually became prominent as an educator. ser\"ing for a number of years 
as a county school examiner. In course of time he married and reared a 
family, one of his sons, John H. Adams, being bonrat Cuminingsville, Ohio, 
and educated at Farmer's College. He spent most of his life in agricultural 
pursuits and became quite intluential as a citizen, being elected Trustee, County 
Commissioner and County Treasurer, also serving frequently as administrator 
of estates. Eventually he removed to Bartholomew county, where he married 
Amanda Graves, whose parents were Xorth Carolinians, her birth occurring 
at Columbus, Indiana. After their migration to this state, her father's mother, 
generally called "Grann}-" Gra\'es. obtained fame for longevity. ha\-ing reacb.ed 
the age of one hundred and two vears at the time i)f her death. Her snn, Xa- 
than Graves, who was Amanda Graves' father, was a wealthy land owner in 
Bartholomew county and part of his estate included the present site of Co- 
lumbus. John H. and Amanda (Graves) Adams had six children, of whom 
four are living. Clarence \\'., who married Xetiie Jenkins, of St. Paul. In- 
diana, is a druggist at Colu!nbus. having or.e chiM named Marie. Katie, the 
secrmd child, has been flead ior sexeral years. Ida is tlie wife of B. \\'. I'er- 
kins, superintendent of the gas works at Altoona. Pennsylvania, and has a 


daughter namci Ma. Charle.. G,. f„P„,e,-lv a .in i., ^t r ,luml.„ I' ,• 

^90S. Cora u i,,,.v „f M,-. .Vn.,,,,. ,. a r.^.l.^n .^C, ,nn,',: '"• ''"' '" 

■• I- - '"-iwi-cii iiiiKv,. Init at an earlv a<>e h > anii)iii,,n ,v-, ■ i, • 

realizing tlie situation, he nia.le 

n nuue connt. Renting a h'ttle room and stocking it .,tl a fc^v l.,„k. an 1 
o her meager bdc.ngings, he kept '-hachelor's Itair o„ t ^ m " ..^ „• 
p!an. h,s larder bentg eked ont by an occas„.na! basket ..^c V- d ^, " 

by his good mother. After a vear of tl,;c i;,-„ n ' 

have characterized all liis work In a short time 1.. /'"-^•■^' ''"." ^"^'i?: f'-'t 

I • '"-iiv. Ill fi .siHiii lime ]ie let^an nrarnrp in -i cinoii 

way, being compelled to provide for exnen.,.. l,x- t -, V '"''\^''*' " '^ -'^'"'^" 

of school Thi. .H, ri , e-M'^ In teaching another long term 


h.s capabilities Alonzo Blair urged him to contiiuie in the law ^\ ^n^^ 

S : the ^m''f ^'l '"^ f "" '"^--^^ '-' "'^ ^^'-- --' inianc;;;,- : : 
ace ,n the t ine ot need, attributing much of Ins earlv success to the benefit^- 
hus received. From Mr. Hord and Mr. Elair he obtained that thor th 
raimng and preparatory drill uinch are indispensable to the nnkinl- 0^0, 
au-yer. ^^ hen Mr Blair died in t88o. he lek one hundred a . wenu S 
flus wa'^rr '' '-'''f' ''''■ '''■ -^''^'"^ ^--^ -^1'='^--" ■" these cas s 2 
b. a Shelbyville practitioner, ^o young man ever took quicker advantaV.-e. 
Of opportunity or more fully requited th,.se wh„ empl„ved him. as Iv. e ! i^v 
^as boundless, his mmd bright and his equipment un'surpassed. After ^^r 
Blair s death lie remained alone for three years and then formed a partners"h p 
-til the late Judge O. T. Glessner and L. J. Hacknev. Judge Gl's. er e 

MhmrVlaT' °^ 'T Xr^lt^"' '''' '^'^ wa.coiniimed ^,r ten^;;::s s 
Adams & Hackney, when Mr. Hackney was elected Circuit fudge to'succeed 
Judge Kendall M. H.rd. the latter took the vacancv in the law hrni whi h ha 
since become famous as Hr.rd & Adams. Thev' have held the b. .„ i r 


twe-ny years, duriuij- wliich time they liax'e been mi, one <i.le ov the ntlier of 
almost every iniporiaiit case tried in Shelln- county, liesides nnicli iul^ine^s a: 
other county seats ami the stale capital. As Mr. Atlams has been tloint:;- busi- 
ness for thirty- four years in the same office, he is inclined to think tiiat lie 
holds the record in this line as a les^al practitioner. He wisely decider 1 in early 
life to keep out of pnlitics, and despite his prominence and popuLiriiy h;is stub- 
bornly refused offcc with the exception of such places as niLMuber-hip of 
Council and School Board, whicli were rather thrust upon him than souc^ht by 
him. He filled these places, however, with his usual good jutlgment and con- 
scie-itiousness and left behind an unstained recor(l for fidelity in discharije 
of duty. While alile ami successful in all lines of the law. Mr. .\dams is es- 
pecially strong- as a tn'al attorney, his forte being skilll'ul conduct oi criminal 
cases, in which he has few equals either before jury or court. Among his 
cheriched souvenirs is a rare old English work bequeathed him by his great- 
uncle. It is a law dictionary, bound in full leather and published in 1732. It 
was originally owned by V. G. Adams, his grandfather's brother; it was edited 
by Giles Jacob and is said to have been used in Parliament as an authority on 
the English law. The argument of cases included in its pag"es were compiled 
by Chief Justice Holt, of the King's Bench, about three hundred years ago. 
Mr. Adams' paternal ancestors were all men of abstemious habits, ne\'er using 
liquor or tobacco in any form and they were alsii men uf unusual mentality, 
strength of character and fondness f'.u" learning. Mr. Adams' hard work and 
ability have not gone unrewarded, as he has much to show of this world's goods 
as the result of his lifelong activities. He owns three hundred acres of fine 
farming land in Shelby county, and considerable propert}' in the city of Shelby- 
ville and at Indianapolis. He is attorney for the Farmers' National Bank, and 
local counsel for the Shelbyville Street Railway Company, and the Indianapolis 
Terminal Car Comjiany. Hord & Adams represent the fourteen manufactur- 
ing and furnishing companies of Sb.elbyville. The firm owns a fine law library 
of one thousand voluines, and yir. Adams has in his prix'ate lilirar}- a chi'ice 
selection of four hundred fifty standard works. 

December 29. iSSo. Mr. Adams married Xellie. daughter of Stephen D. 
and Teresa ( Blankenship) Ludlow, a prosperous family of Shelby couiUy. 
Mr'. Ludlow was a gentleman of the i)ld school, a great reader, and entertain- 
ing talker. His people were Ohioans, and his lirother. John Ludlow, was a 
banker at Springfield. Mrs. Adams is a full cousin of the wife of ex-Governor 
Bushness, of Ohio. Miss Ethel", the only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. .Adams, 
married Dr. B. G. Keeny. of Shelbyville. a graduate of Bloomingtc.m L'niver- 
sity, and son of ex-State Senator Ger.irge W. Keeny. of Rising Sun. Indiana. 
Doctor Keeny. besides a regular course at th.e Cincinnati Ohio Medical Col- 
lege, followed by graduation, also took a post-graduate course in the Hospital 
of Medical Surgery in London, England. Doctor and Mrs. Keeny have one 



!>• I.c.-ulquartcrs t..r all that is lx>t an<I hri.-h 

and thci 

samlt:l p. aiccrka. m. d 

.Mr. .AIcCi 

kncnvn in Xew ^>"rv^X I ""^T ■'' ^^'^°^'''^"''' '-'"^ '^'"^^ been 
parts of the En,pi,t S a" "s^^ i:) mJc"" ^^"^'''" '""""'■ '" ^•-'-'^ 
supposed to have been a WVori, 'V ^ ,' "'" ''^''°'" ^ grandfather, is 

Sufficient has-been le^r ed o^veve "' "" "/ '^"" '"^ '"^^ antecedents, 
nearlv if not all o h i '^L ?' '^ '''''''''''' ^''^ ^^'''^^^•"'^"^ that he spent 

reared a atL :; ,^, 'S^o^^r!:;;"^ /;- '^ ^'-- "--d and 

;vl-^ebirth occnrred o;. the .6th h S ul^ ~S^ ^^^ " ' '^'"" ''^?^^- 
learned the trade of tanning and eurinc/ ' ' ' ' ^ '^ ''" '" -^"'"'^ST manhood 

^riss'Siisif t:,^;,;S^S';^;^^^^ ^-^^ v' ^'-^ ^--'^ °^ --"-^ -^^ 

"'-in, WC-, M, M f „" I - '",'! '"?"," =■* ^''^"''' i'°"™»i"^ After 
-lc..llw.n Mnrcl, .SU. ,,f rt,e >4r ,S 9 e™0"r» s>,cce« ,„„ii his 

Ihe district sliool «-|,ere l,p ,m,l. ? , ' P'"''" """= ''^ "«"«' 

cu,n„« tranches-. e „ c ', ta"™' ■"'"'"■"" ■"™'/°-*'i".? "^' 
IcKe, where he eanie.l n ere H ,hf , ' " '^"""'^ '" I-t-inM" col- 

;^-e„,ered .„:h >,ed,c. o,„e;:.^°^::;c^h?:::■;lr:;":!:hr 

0„ his ciegree D„c,„r McCrea fnrn.e,. a par,ners„ip „ „h hi. pre- 





....^,., -../;.,, . .•■/--J 





ccptor. Doctor Green, which la-ted until 1S70. when it was (hssolved bv nuuurxl 
consent, the subject retirinpf from tlie tirni for tlie purpose of entjaj^in,!:^ ni 
business. In a short time after discontinuing the practice of medicine he pur- 
chased a stock of drugs and was soon in the enjoyment of a large and lucr;!tive 
patronage, his previous professional experience peculiarly fitting him for this 
line of trade. By courteous demeanor and fair treatment, together with his 
practical knowledge of pliarmacy. he gained the confidence of the public, and 
in due season built up an extensive business, whicli continuerl to grow until 
he had the leading establishment of the kind in the city. He increased his 
stock as he deemed expedient or as necessity required, and by consulting the 
wishes and tastes of his patrons gained a precedence in the drug business 
which he retained as long as he remained in the business, the meanwhile by 
judicious inxestmcnts adding to his earnings. 

In the year 1892 Doctor McCrea assisted in organizing the Farmers' Na- 
tional Lank of Shelbyville. of which lie was elected cashier. After serving in 
that capacity until 1S97 he was further honored by being made president of the 
institution, which office he has since held and in which he has displayed a famil- 
iarity with financial matters and executive ability of such a character as to win 
the confidence of his associates and the public. The bank of which he is the 
head has had a uniformly prosperous career. Under the capable management of 
a board of directors composed of business men of unexceptionable standing 
and wide experience, has steadily grown in public favor, wliile its present 
high credit and extensive patronage bespeak a future of still larger growth 
and possibilities 

Doctor AlcCrea affiliates witi: tlie Republican party, and he takes an active 
interest in political atlairs. especially local matters. Though not an office- 
seeker or aspirant for leadership, he has filled various positions in the munici- 
pality, including membership in the City Council, where he made an honorable 
record as a Ii.^cal Iegis!at<jr. As president of the School Board he spared no 
efforts in be'ialf of the educational needs of the public, his labors in that 
capacity being instrumental in raising the standard of tlic schools and making 
them among the best in the state. 

Doctor McCrea was made a !Mason in 1S6S, and for a number of years 
thereafter was an earnest worker in the order, which he served frrmi time to 
time in various <;tiicial capacities. He was worshipful master of the Shelbv- 
Ville lodge for several terms and also filled honorable positions m the higher 
branches of the brotherhood, including among others those of high priest and 
eminent commander, besides becoming acquainted among the leading Masons 
of his own and other states, whcjm he not infrequently met in the sessions of 
the Grand Lodge and r)ther public functicius of the order. His attention \vas 
early attracted to the matter of re\ealed religir,n. and for a number of years he 
has been a consistent member of the Presbyterian church. For a period of 


twenty Iv: ser\e<l as clerk of the SC'^?! ms and at tlie present time lioLls 
the position ..if president of the Iioanl of trnstees of Wdiitew ater chnrch. 

On Xoxemlier _m. 1S78. Doctor McCrea was united in marriage with 
Phoebe Roliertson. who has l)orne hiin tliree children, one of whom died in 
infancy: a dan.ijhter by the name of Trances R. departed this life ^[a^cll t,o. 
igoj, when seventeen years of age. the only survi\'ing child bein.g Florence J., 
a young laily of intelligence and culture, who is now pursuing her stuiHes at 
the State l'ni\ersi:y of Bli;ii;mingion. The doctor's business career presents 
a series of continued successes and. as already indicated, bo is now classed with 
the weli-to-d" men of his city and c umty. He owns a comfortable modern 
home in the best residence part of the city, and is well situated to enjoy the 
man\- material ble?sings which ba\-e rewarded his well directed laber--. 


One c>i the leading hnisiness men of his day and geriCratio